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Expressing Yourself Informally

Expressing Yourself Informally. I’m working on a English exercise and need support.

For the Unit 4 Assignment, you will write a 1–1.5-page, double spaced, informal and personal blog post on an issue that is in some way relevant to your field of study and that you have personal experience with.
According to The Social Psychology Network, a blog, “short for “web log,” is an online journal or record of sequential postings with news, commentary, or other material” (2017). Like an essay, a blog post establishes and develops a clear point about a topic or issue. Depending on the topic, audience, and purpose, a blog can be formal or informal. A blog written by an individual, for example, tends to be about his or her experience with the topic and is written in first person.
Imagine for this Assignment that you have created your own blog site and that you are writing a post for your blog site. This specific blog post should establish a clear main point about your chosen topic, use your personal experience to develop that main point, and establish a connection with your non-professional audience through showing them how your experience might be of value in helping them in some way.
Expressing Yourself Informally

Westcliff University Financial Ratios & Financial Cycles Discussion.

Discussion Question Please answer each of the following questions in detail 2 page APA format and provide 3 peer reviewed articles as references along with in-text citations in support of your argument. Include examples whenever applicable. Explain the major financial ratios and financial cycles, debt ratio, debt to equity ratio, return on assets, return on equity, current ratio, quick ratio, inventory turnover, days in inventory, accounts receivable turnover, accounts receivable cycle in days, accounts payable turnover, accounts payable cycle in days, earnings per share (EPS), price to earnings ratio (P/E), and cash conversion cycle (CCC) and state the significance of each for financial management. Include examples based on a hypothetical balance sheet and income statement. Can CCC be negative? If so, what does it indicate?Explain working capital and its significance. Evaluate working capital in your example given in part “a” of this DQ2. Professional Assignment Search Yahoo Finance or/and any other credible source(s) to find the most recent income statement and balance sheet of a major corporation. Provide these statements in the appropriate format (financial statement)Perform a vertical financial analysis incorporating
i. Debt
ratio ii. Debt
to equity ratio

iii. Return
on assets
iv. Return
on equity
v. Current
ratio
vi. Quick
ratio

vii. Inventory
turnover
viii.
Days in inventory
ix. Accounts
receivable turnover
x. Accounts
receivable cycle in days
xi. Accounts
payable turnover

xii. Accounts
payable cycle in days

xiii.
Earnings per share (EPS)
xiv. Price
to earnings ratio (P/E)

xv. Cash
conversion cycle (CCC), and
xvi. Working
capital
xvii.
Explain Dupont identity, apply it to your selected
company, interpret the components in Dupont identity. Provide your explanations and definitions in detail and be precise. Comment on your findings. Provide references for content when necessary. Provide your work in detail and explain in your own words. Support your statements with peer-reviewed in-text citation(s) and reference(s). require at least six (6) peer-reviewed references, which should include the source of the data.
Westcliff University Financial Ratios & Financial Cycles Discussion

Is Death Penalty Justifiable Discussion.

You must receive your instructor’s permission to write on any topic that is not on the approved “List of Topics” below.For this assignment, you will research a topic, choose a position, and write a paper that clearly supports one side of the argument, with the intent of challenging or changing a reader’s viewpoint. You will write a 3-5 page paper (not including the title page or references page) with 3-4 references used (paraphrased) to support your points. The aim or purpose of this essay is to clarify your position on your chosen topic/issue, develop that position deeply, and write an essay explaining your opinion in such a way that you challenge your reader to evaluate his or her own position. The underlying goal of the persuasive essay is to persuade the reader to agree with your position, and possibly to change his or her own position on the issue.Structural requirements:•A focused presentation of the issue. The writer presents the issue so the reader understands it. Issues need more or less explanation and examples, depending on what the audience already knows.•A clear position. The thesis is positioned effectively, usually at the beginning or end of the essay, and repeated for emphasis and clarity as needed.•Plausible reasons and convincing support. The writer must provide reasons for supporting the position. The writer must go beyond simply asserting reasons, by including examples, statistics, expert testimony, and/or anecdotes to support the reasons.•Anticipating opposing position and objections. An effective argument for a position includes recognizing and refuting opposing arguments, as well as anticipating and answering a reader’s questions. You must clearly and objectively articulate the opposing position.•Careful use of sources. Sources must be used and documented in APA format.Questions to address as you write your Persuasive Essay:•Purpose and audience: Does the writing meet the assignment requirements and engage the audience?•Idea development: Is the topic appropriate, neither too broad nor too narrow? Is the writer’s position clear? Are the major reasons for support included, and are they clear and logical and specific? Are the reasons supported with convincing specific examples? Are opposing arguments recognized and countered?•Organization: Does the title capture the central focus? Does the introduction capture attention, give necessary background and convey the position? Is the thesis clear? Is forecasting, if used, effective and clear? Do transitions and the overall organizational pattern provide a smooth flow? Does the conclusion provide a sense of closure and make the topic relevant to the reader (Is it more than just a summary)?•Style: Are the sentence and word choices appropriate to a college essay? Are words vivid, exact and correct? Does the sentence structure add impact? Are sentences complete, smooth, clear, correct and efficient?•Conventions: Are there few, if any, mistakes in following the conventions of Standard Written English?•Citing Sources: Do the sources used provide reliable and adequate information? Is source material properly cited and documented in a standard format?List of topicsSelect one of the topics below. Choose a side – agree or disagree and support your points with research. If you are passionate about a topic that is not on the list, seek your professor’s approval before moving forward with your paper.1.Is gun control an effective method of reducing crime?2.Is death penalty justified?3.Do you believe euthanasia (assisted suicide) is right?4.Torture is never justified.5.Smoking in public places should be banned.6.Legalization of marijuana in some states is wrong.7.Production and sale of cigarettes should be made illegal.8.Cross-cultural marriages contribute to racial tolerance.9.Single-parent children behavior is different than that of children with both parents.10.Women are less engaged in criminal activity than men.11.Young people are predisposed to negative influence because they are more rebellious by nature.12.Sexual content on TV has a negative impact on teenagers.13.Homeschooling is an ideal way to obtain quality education.14.Forests are the lungs of the Earth. Should rainforests destruction be prohibited?15.Should countries drill for oil in protected areas to reduce gas prices?16.Global warming is a myth.17.To what extent are electric cars a solution to global pollution?18.Media influence the female perception of the body image.19.Violent video games directly correlate to violence in schools.20.Domestic terrorism is not really an overwhelming issue in America.21.A border fence will solve the dilemma of immigration.22.Cyber-attacks are a vital intelligence tool for all countries.23.Sex orientation is determined in childhood.24.The capital punishment is a crime.25.The humans are the main causes of a climate change.26.Euthanasia should be allowed.27.The U.S. Supreme Court should allow the federal, a state, or a local government to ban same-sex marriage.28.The ways to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict exist.29.Defending yourself should be a constitutional right under the Second Amendment.30.Illegal immigrants shouldn’t be put in prison and forced to work to pay for their upkeep.
Is Death Penalty Justifiable Discussion

Energy constraint and global warming are becoming the key challenges encountered by the world today. Major amount of energy is being used by the building sector for achieving comfortable thermal conditions. Fifty per cent of energy consumption is due to buildings. (Melet, n.d., p.06). Demand for Energy is increasing rapidly. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) in its (IEO, 2011) International Energy Outlook 2011: states that world energy consumption grows by 53% from 2008 to 2035. “The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. It studies and broadcasts energy information to make proper decisions regarding energy efficiency, public understanding of energy usage and proper policymaking”. (EIA, September 19, 2011). Sustainable and climate responsive architecture offers feasible solutions to these challenges. Since the pre-industrial era Global warming is one of components which led to Environmental Degradation. Global warming which has risen by 0.7°C since the last 300 years is likely to be increased by up to 8°C by 2050 according to the (IPCC, 2007). IPCC i.e. intergovernmental panel on climate change is a leading organisation for the assessment of climate change. It also states that almost 90% of the warming in the decent decades is caused by energy related human activities, mainly because of CO2 emissions due to the burning of fossil fuels. (IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, 2007).Thus there is a need for urgent action to design buildings to protect us from the effects of climate change and global warming. “We have to know from where we are coming to know where we are going”- Charles Correa. There is a need to transform the past knowledge to act as a catalyst for the future. Tradition and Modernity are two sides of the same coin and must be dealt with simultaneously. Some of the Architects who have used this into practicality are given. Hassan Fathy did not use any hi-techniques of air-conditioning, instead according to him it is very important to study and understand natural physical properties of heat, wind and water which are the natural environment controls. It is very important to know how native materials can be improved and developed via new techniques, to meet the present day needs. Francisco Bobby Mañosa feels that prejudices against older materials can be overcome and exciting new possibly can be created. Charles Correa via his design philosophy of transfer and transformation re-integrates many older fundamental ideas, into his modern designs, which recognises the problems of today, yet show a deep respect for India’s culture and tradition. (Pearson, 1994, p.122-124). The new Architecture has its roots deep in Vernacular tradition, which is rich in messages that are becoming more and more relevant to our time- messages that help us remember humility and a belonging to the Earth (Pearson, 1994, p.08). For 100 of years common builders have managed to build using small amount of available energy resources without affecting the surrounding environment, thus using it in a sustainable manner. These practices should be used in the conventional architectural practice of today, which are accountable for Environmental crisis. In the midst of great technological, environmental and political change over the past decades, the vernacular has become highly relevant over the past decades either as a technological example, or as a politically strategic element. Given that architecture is inevitably connected to technological developments, environmental issues and political change, vernacular architecture has thus become a central concept in Architectural theory and Practice. (Arboleda, n.d.). Introduction: The assessment of energy and comfort conditions is the most important factor in determining the architectural process. Energy efficiency and renewable energy are the most important aspect of sustainable design. Even climate and environmental conditions play a major role in a building design. The main purpose of designing a building is to create suitable condition for human comfort. Traditional builders used limited and naturally available materials to achieve comfort and climate was the major contributing factor in traditional building techniques. Due to the ever growing global concern, use of energy and limitation of resources it is the responsibility of an architect to design buildings which are sustainable. For creating sustainable building it is very essential to ascertain the basics from where this science originated. There therefore arises a need to look back in the past as how our ancestors built their own homes taking care of function, religion, social and spiritual values and above all adapting to the climate for making a comfortable living. So it is very important to study from the past traditional structures built by our ancestors without the use of modern technology and to make use of it in the present scenario for making sustainable built environment. The study of history of vernacular buildings has demonstrated throughout that the buildings have prominent sustainability, whilst fanciful architectural forms do not; they are pleasant and are to preserve the cultural messages they convey. (Ryan, 2011, p.51). According to (Arboleda, n.d.), over the last decade Vernacular studies have become established in the mainstream architectural discourse due to the following 3 reasons: Global Communication technologies: Since the 1960’s there has been a great awareness among architects because of the easy and extensive access to the knowledge of traditional communities Global Environmental Crisis: Contemporary interest in this subject has arisen due to resource depletion, global warming and energy crisis. Global Politics: Vernacular Architecture is a valuable tool in the ethno politics. It is a key in ethnically sensitive projects, thus maintaining the cultural identity. Due to these ethno sensitive programs traditional elements are used in the making of new structures but by modernizing or re-engineering it, thus making it modern Vernacular or neo-Vernacular. The Meaning of Vernacular Architecture: “The term vernacular originates from the Latin word vernaculus which means local, natural or original developed from Verna, meaning “native slave” or “home-born slave”. The numbers of factors which define a vernacular building are based upon time immemorial building techniques, use of naturally available materials, also location of the buildings and its usage. It is passed on by the word of mouth, and materials which are readily available. In addition it is a system invented by the local craftsmen and occupier. Vernacular Architecture can also be called as a structure created by an amateur without any education in this type of designing method. Thus it is a traditional method of building which is passed on from generation to generation. The method of constructing is based upon traditional practices and techniques. It is usually built with the help of family, clan or builders in the tribe and reveals a high level for craftsmanship and quality. The function of the building is the most governing factor followed by aesthetic consideration and use of local materials. Geographic environment is a very important factor seen in a typical Vernacular building; a sloping roof surface is made to bear the rainfall, a circular house form to oppose cyclonic winds, a thick flat mud roof for cooler interior space and to take out the heat of the sun, an inner courtyard for open space. In hot and dry climates, for example, buildings were shaded to avoid unbearable summer sun by tall vegetation, rock overhangs, or, in flat deserts, the courtyard building form. They were placed such that they could also receive the pleasant warmth of the winter sun. (Pearson, 1994, p.95). This shows that vernacular methods are the most traditional method of building structures which are responsive to climate. Factors leading to development of Vernacular form: Vernacular buildings are human constructs which are results of the interrelation between ecological, economical, material, political and social factors. (Asquith, L and Vellinga, M (Ed.),2006, p.110) Baker’s remarkable work is seen from the way he uses environment, traditional methods, comfort, culture and technology in his works. (Bhatia, 1991 ,p.3) “There is an overlapping of traditional techniques of climatic conditions and vernacular styles. Historically, practical devices were slowly embellished and generalised through repetition to become a part of an architectural vocabulary, a process Charles Correa describes one of the generating ‘forces’ of architecture”. Charles Correa tries to incorporate cultural values and traditional techniques in his process of designing considering the lifestyles of Indian people. (Hagan, 2011, p.116) Tadao Ando’s works shows compositions, which consists of mainly use of simple forms and visible use of concrete material. In most of his works the use of nature, space, character, climate, weather, and cultural background can be clearly seen. He believed that when greenery, water and light is abstracted through nature the form becomes sacred. (Nute, 2004, p.86,87,88) Vernacular architecture is influenced a lot by human behaviour and environment, leading to different building forms for every different context. Thus from the above references it is clear that there are various factors which lead to the origin of Vernacular form: Climate Materials and technology Site features Religion Economics Socio-cultural considerations The factors which directly regulate the form are: Climate Socio-cultural considerations Religion The factors which indirectly relate show that they restrict the evolution of form but do not essentially regulate the form: Materials and technology Site features Economics Materials and technology: It does not necessarily define the form of a house. Even if same material and technology is used in a particular society yet the forms would vary depending upon the function and culture as well. Site Consideration: Site features may restrict the house form but it does not decide the form. On similar site different house forms can be seen whereas on different sites similar house can be seen. Economics: The economy may affect the size of the house or type of materials and techniques used but does not affect the form. A society with same economic conditions may have different house forms due to socio-cultural values. Due to different views and thoughts people with similar economy may choose different house forms. Religion: Religion cannot totally determine the form alone but plays a direct influence in its evaluation. Religion can have a strong influence on the form, plan, spatial arrangements and orientation of the house. Many houses are built according to religious influence of the society. Socio-Cultural Factors: Socio-cultural or traditional methods of using a place can have direct effect on deciding the form of house. Both physical and socio-cultural aspects affect the form. The physical setting may provide several possibilities but actual choice gets restricted due to cultural factors. Climate: It is the most important factor in determining the form. Due to different climate in different countries the form is found to be similar. The poor thermal performance of the building in spite of using technologically advanced environment systems suggests that one needs to consider the physical environment while generating a building form. Aim: To analyse Vernacular architecture in achieving Sustainable Built Environment for Contemporary structures. Objective: To study the origin of traditional houses and examine its sustainability. To study traditional building material, their sustainability and the contrast with modern architecture. To study thermal performance of Vernacular building materials. To study the role of Building regulation in the sustainability of traditional building construction. Research Question: How can traditional methods of architecture be incorporated in modern buildings? How can the revival of the vernacular in the present contemporary architecture help it to become more sustainable inheriting cultural roots? Methodology: Although Vernacular Architecture is emerging as a very developing area of study, still much needs to be done theoretically, metholdologically and through recording and documentation, before applying it to twenty-first century. (Asquith, L and Vellinga, M (Ed.),2006, p.03) Following are the methodologies used for the research. Literature Review: To read and analyse in depth about Vernacular Architecture using some of sources which includes digital media, web sources, books, published journals in related disciplines, scholarly articles and published papers. Qualitative Survey Using Live Case Studies: Conducting the Case study using “Collecting the Evidence” method is used here. (Yin, 2003, p.83) Sources of Evidences which will be used here are as follows. Historical Documentation- This type of documentation can be done by using data collected through local libraries or other reference centres. The documents could be proposals, progress reports, internal records, newspaper clippings and other articles appearing in mass media or in newsletters. Interviews- It is the most important part of the case study. ‘Structured Questions’ will be used as a type of interview along the lines of a formal survey. Such survey can be designed as a part of case study and produce qualitative data as a part of the case study. (Yin, 2003, p.91). Here interviews with building industry professionals will take place (if the project is complete) or interview of workers or managers (if the site is an on-going project). Post occupancy questionnaire will be prepared for the present occupiers of the site to know their perception of the site. Post occupancy evaluations provide an indication of major successes and failures in a building’s performance. They can be used to improve and explain the performance of a building and are useful not only to the occupants and owners but also to the designers, who can learn about both their mistakes and successes and can apply these findings to future projects. Direct Observation- It includes field visits to know some relevant behaviour or environmental conditions. Observational evidence is often useful in providing information about the site. Physical Artefact- Here it could comprise of material being used on the site or any other physical evidence to find out the sustainability of the structure. Analysing Case study Evidence- While analysing the interviews and the questionnaire some common topics will be listed and a checklist will be prepared and the selected case studies will be evaluated against the topics in a checklist. Reporting Case Studies: A standard approach called ‘Linear analytical Structure’ will be used here. It consists of findings from the data collected and conclusions and implications from these findings. Work Plan: Weeks Activity 1-2 Literature review: Understanding the background of the topic reading various books, journal articles etc. 3-6 Historical Documentation: Collecting data from various sources on vernacular Architecture. 7-9 Case study: It includes both interviews and field work which could be done simultaneously. 9-12 Compilation of data: Review all the collected data, edit and compile it and re-phrasing it in the form of a detailed dissertation report. Possible Outcome: The main aim of the research is to manifest and prove that Vernacular architecture is a solution for todays Sustainable Design principles. The vernacular architectural studies will provide useful insights for designing contemporary structures by taking evidences form the Vernacular structures of the past.It also aims to look into strategies which could be cost effective in construction and specification.The final outcome will be in a form of conclusion report from the case studies which will help in designing contemporary structure using climate responsive design concepts. References: Arboleda, Gabriel.(n.d.). Traditional, vernacular and ethnic architectures from http://www.vernaculararchitecture.com/ Asquith,L., Vellinga,M.(Ed.). (2006). Verncaular Architecture in the twenty-first century: theory, education and practice. Abingdon, Oxon., USA and Canada: Taylor and Francis. Bhatia, Gautam.(1991). Laurie Baker: life, work, writtings. New Delhi, India.,London, UK.,USA, Victoria, Australia., Ontario,Canada.,Aukland,Newzealand: Penguin books. Eia Independent statics and Analysis: U.S. energy information administration. (september 19, 2011) from http://www.eia.gov/forecast/ieo/index.com/ Mellet, Ed. (n.d.). Sustainable Architecture: Towards a diverse built environment: NAI Publishers. Nute,K.(2004). Place, time and being in Japanese architecture. New Felter lane, London., USA and Canada: Routhedge. Pearson, David. (1994). Earth to spirit: in search of natural architecture. London, U.K.: Gaia Books limited. Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.P., Vander, Linden., Hanson, C.E. (Ed.). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Cambridge university press from http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_wg2_report_impacts_adaptation_and_vulnerability.htm Ryan, Carol. (2011). Traditional construction for Sustainable Future. Abingdon, Oxon., USA and Canada: Spon Press. Susannah, Hagan. (2001). Taking shape: A new contract between Architecture and Nature.Jordan, Oxford: Architectural Press. Yin, R.K.(2003). Case study Research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks, California., London, UK., New Delhi, London: Sage Publication Inc.

Exchange as a Basis of Social Life

Exchange as a Basis of Social Life. Why, and how, have anthropologists argued that exchange is the basis of social life? “Exchange is an act of giving something to somebody or doing something for somebody and receiving something in return.”[1] According to the Encyclopaedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology, ‘exchange’ is the transfer of things between social and actors.[2] Things can be human or animal, material or immaterial, words or things. The actors can be individuals, groups, or being such as gods and spirits.[3] In wide interpretation, trade and barter are examples of some kinds of exchange. In this essay, I assume that the gift-exchange is the basis of social life. From the 18th and 19th century, anthropologists became more interested in the topic of exchange. In the past century, there is a growing concern on the complex societies, i.e. the West. It leads to a more critical investigation for the anthropologists on exchange in West, when anthropologists such as Gregory discovered that exchange is linked to economy. By now, exchange is a universal activity. Moreover, anthropologists realized exchange is central to all people’s lives. Mauss stated that, “exchange is a total social phenomenon.”[4] In the following, I will discuss why anthropologists argued that exchange is the basis of social life. Exchange and Reciprocity The ideological “pure gift” is very rare in primitive societies. In most of the time, it is a moral to return the gift to the giver. Parry (1986) take the point that the gift is always am ‘Indian gift,’ which means an equivalent term in return is required.[5] Parry took this point from his investigation on “the gift contains some part of the spiritual essence of the donor. And this constrains the recipient to make a return.”[6] Thus, we can see that the exchange is related to reciprocity. According to Mauss, “gift are the primitive analogue if the social contract, then they clearly carry a social load which in centralized politics is assumed by the state.”[7] This is the reason why anthropologists argue exchange is the basis of social life. Let us take the classic example of gift-exchange: the Maori hau. Logically, the hau explains why gifts are repaid. Mauss traces different forms of exchange in order to make out the relation between exchange and reciprocity with the social life. In this essay I will trace different form if In this essay, I will discuss about different types of gift-exchange in different types of society, ranging from tribal societies, i.e. the Trobrainders and Kabre, to the modern daily lives exchange, i.e. Christmas gift exchange and garage sale exchange. These rituals shows how anthropologist argue the statement with the observation or fieldwork The Trobrianders’ Kula During Malinowski’s fieldwork in Trobriand, he clearly examined the essentials of the Kula for Trobrianders and other Melanesia islands in Papua New Guinea. The Kula is a form of intertribal exchange between the Melanesia Islands. It is different from the Oceanic form of exchange. The Kula is based primarily upon the circulation of two articles of high values, but of no real use. The gifts are carried in a circular route which covers miles away over many communities inhabiting a wide ring of islands. All the main transaction in the Kula is public and ceremonial, and it is carried out according to its definite rules. One of the major characteristics of the Kula exchange is that the two items are travelling in different directions: the necklaces (soulava) travel in the direction of clock hand; while the armshells (mwali) in opposite direction. According to Malinowski (1920), “both articles never stop for any length of time in the hands of any owner; they constantly move, constantly meeting and being exchanged.”[8] Kula is essential for the Melanesian because of its sociological function. Sociologically, Kula creates partnership for a lifelong relationship. It is based on a fixed and permanent partnership and relationship which binds people from different tribes into couple some thousands of individuals. As Malinowski observed, the partnership implies various mutual duties and privileges, and constitutes a type of inter-tribal relationship on an enormous scale.[9] Malinowski stated that “two Kula partners have to Kula with one another and exchange other incidentally; they behave as friends, and have a number of mutual duties and obligations, which vary with the distance between their villages and with their reciprocal status.”[10] He also mentioned that “the Kula partnership is one of the special bonds which unite two men into one o the standing relations of mutual exchange of gifts and services so characteristics of these natives.”[11] There is a network of relationships in the Kula ring which men know and exchange with each other. In some situation, they will meet in the inter-tribal meetings. Thus, Malinowski pointed out that men are bound together by one common passion for Kula exchange and also, many minor ties and interests. What keeps the relationship long-lasting is the reciprocity of gifts to the giver in the Kula ring. It is expected that the receiver will give back a fair and full value of gift to the giver. Similarly, a fine article must be replaced by the one with equivalent value, not by several minor ones. “Gift economy” in Kabre In Exchange (1999), Piot explore the understandings about persons, hierarchy and agency that operate in the exchange context in the Kabre society. Same as the Trobrianders, people in Kabre are expected receiver will have to return the gift to the giver. In society, especially in Piot’s situation – he could not understand French when he first came to Kabre – gift-giving is a kind of surrogate language. From his experience, Piot suggested that “the gifts were attempts to communicate, to bridge the gap between us, to express relationship.”[12] He realized that the gift-giving is a type of moral inquiry, which is an interrogation of the other.[13] Despite, there are various forms for exchange in the Kabre society, all forms of exchange are motivated by the practical need of one of the parties.[14] There is a desure to establish social relations behind the Kabre exchange. They are likely to begin ?kp?nt?r? with another person through exchange. Thus, all the exchange in Kabre society is to do with relationships as with utilities. Moreover, through further exchange of items with greater value or quantity, the relationship grows. It is a great sign of friendship. Sometimes, when the relationship of two families grows bigger, there will be an arrangement of marriage so that the relationship will not be broken. If this works, then there will be another marriage in the next generation and so on. As a result, the relationship between the two families will last forever. Economically, Piot argued that the Kabre gift exchange system generates the increased involvement in the wage and commodity sector. He pointed out that by allowing labours to participate more fully in the gift-giving by making money, social relations will then be expanded.[15] Piot take the point that “persons use things to gain access to persons rather than that they use persons to gain access to thing.”[16] Piot also claims that “any gift given establishes a relationship between two persons, hence giving is always tied up with control, power and the appropriation of an other.”[17] In the Kabre, exchange does not only form friendships. In the meantime, it forms another basis of social life – the formation of marriage, kinship groups and affinity. Gifts Exchange in Christmas Now, let us look at how modern anthropologists argued the statement through their observation of people’s behaviour in the West, capitalist societies. The exchange of gifts is very popular in many parts of the world. In the following, I take in the account that exchange takes place with a generalized medium of exchange, i.e. money. Thus, in order to facilitate trade, barter give way away to selling (C-M), and then the money is then used to buy other commodities (M-C’).[18] Carrier examined people’s mindset on exchanging Christmas gifts and he found that it does related to their social relations. The heightening sociality of Christmas highlights the importance of exchanging of gifts, and it reflected people’s Christmas shopping behaviour to the basis of social life. According to Caplow, parents and young children exchange gifts in an unequal value and quantity. In most of the time, the gifts from the parents to their young children have more in quantity and also in value. There is no expectation of equivalent return in this relationship. Whereas, for gift exchange between the spouses, there will be an active concern on the gifts are approximate equal in value.[19] Carrier (1993:58) suggested that it is more likely for people to show their affection to their family within a close kin by exchanging Christmas present. As the relationship become more distant, people are less likely to show their affectionate. Rather, it would be a more alienated giving and marks the relations which will be fairly impersonal utilitarian.[20] As mentioned above, apart from exchanging Christmas gifts in Christmas Eve’s feast, shopping for Christmas gifts is also a highlight for the exchange and it also maintain the basis of social life. Carrier (1993:63) takes the point that the range of social relations will be greater than normal when purchasing for the items. He suggested that this would be an annual ritual to convert commodities into gifts. This ritual allows us to celebrate and recreate personal relations with the anonymous objects available to us.[21] Moreover, Boxing Day allows merchants to celebrate the hierarchical relations outside their households. Seemingly, Christmas is just exchanging Christmas gifts between family and friends. In reality, through exchanging Christmas gifts, it celebrates relations with family, and also those who are distinct from relation in the outside world. Carrier (1993:69) take the point that Christmas is also “a reunion of families sanctified and chastened by tender memories and associations; and let the social intercourse of friends, with pleasant reminiscence, renew the ties if affection and strengthen the bonds of kindly feeling.”[22] Garage sales is American society Some anthropologists look at people’s daily life activities in the West to argue that exchange is the basis of social life. Similar to Christmas gifts exchange, most of the commodity exchange in the West belongs to the category ‘sell-in-order-to-buy in peasant markets’ which money act as the generalize medium of exchange, i.e. C-M-C’. Herrmann looked at the US garage sale exchange culture in order to investigate the social relationship built between the buyer and seller. Herrmann (1997:915) suggested that garage sale exchange allows the neighbours in the neighbourhood come to know each other, as “the neighbors are attracted by informal open invitation to the public to stop by and look over the garage sale goods.”[23] Moreover, Herrmann (1997:915) also take the point that some neighbourhood garage sale takes place in order to attract the neighbor out of their houses for social interaction. Furthermore, exchange in garage gift generates gift relations. According to Stone Age Economics by Shalins (1974: 193-194; Gregory (1992:926)), exchange between family members or close kins usually belongs to generalized reciprocity. Thus, in garage sale exchange, the items are given to generalize others. By giving inexpensive garage as a gift, personal networks will then be solidified. In this case, social relations value more than profits. Aside from bringing social interaction and relationships, garage sale ethos also includes friendliness and social egalitarian. Garage sale provides the participants the sense of justice. Low price is the hallmark of garage sales exchange. Thus, a ‘just price’ for an object is constructed through exchange.[24] Besides, Herrmann (1997:915) bring up the point that social inequalities are reproduced in the garage sales exchange, but it this social inequalities will be muted by the face-to-face egalitarian. This is because social markers such as gender, status, races could act as the factor affecting the transaction of garage sale exchange.[25] Thus, we can see that exchange shows the social basis of the society. Bibliography Carrier, James (1993): “The Rituals of Christmas Giving”, in Unwrapping Christmas by Miller, D. (ed), Oxford, United kingdom: Clarendon Press, pp.55-74 Carrier, James (1996): “Exchange”, in Encyclopaedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology by Barnard, Alan and Spencer, Jonathan (1996), USA and Canada: Routledge, pp. 218-221 Drucker, Philip: “The Potlatch”, in Tribal and Peasant Economies by Dalton, George (1967), Austin, USA: University of Texas Press, pp.481-493 Gregory, C.A.: “Exchange and Reciprocity”, in Comparison Encyclopaedia to Anthropology by Ingold, Tim (1994), London, United Kingdom: Routledge, pp. 911-939 Herrman, Gretchen M. (1997): “Gift or Commodity: What Changes Hands in the U.S. Garage Sale?”, American Ethnologist Vol. 24. No. 4 (Nov., 1997), Blackwell Publishing, pp.910-930 Hornby, A S (2000): “Exchange”, in Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, New York, USA: Oxford University Press, pp. 433 Malinowski, Brownislaw (1920): “Kula: The Circulating Exchange of Valuables in the Archipelagos of Eastern New Guinea”, in Tribal and Peasant Economics by Dalton George (1967), Austin, USA: University of Texas Press, pp. 171-184 Malinowski, Brownislaw (1920): “Tribal Economics in the Trobriands”, in Tribal and Peasant Economies by Dalton George (1967), Austin, USA: University of Texas Press, pp.185-223 Malinowski, Brownislaw (1922): “The essentials of the Kula”, in Argonauts of the Western Pacific, London, United Kingfom: Routledge, pp. 81-104 Mauss, Marcel (1970) [1954]: The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies, London, United Kingdom: CohenExchange as a Basis of Social Life

Frankenstein

essay writer free Frankenstein.

Unit 6: Frankenstein (Film/Novel)2626 unread replies.2727 replies.InstructionsPlease choose two of the following questions to answer for this unit by Wednesday at 11:59pm (CST). You should also respond to two of your classmates’ postings by Sunday at 11:59pm (CST).Before answering this unit’s questions, you should view a Frankenstein film of your own choosing. IMDB.com lists over 385 choices, when you search by the title character’s name, so be creative in your choice. Also, you should complete Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein.Keep in mind, as you view the film and read the novel, a few of the questions posted below.RubricOnline discussions will be graded according to the following rubric.Full-bodied entries—of at least ten sentences of writing from you (in addition to quotations from the text)—are more likely to receive full credit. Lesser credit will be assigned to work that is missing, brief, or clearly disengaged or sloppily produced such that miscues interfere with readability.Your responses to other students’ work are also assessed. Students often resist commenting on each others’ work in substantial ways; instead choosing to post simply “good job” or “looks okay to me.” This kind of peer response doesn’t help your own—or your peers’—development as a writer and thinker.Acceptable peer responses will, among other things:Explicitly identify what was learned from someone else’s work.Ask a follow-up question.Offer an alternative interpretation.Offer concrete strategies for improvement.PointsCriteria18-20Discussion posts are completed on-time; they not only thoughtfully respond to and incorporate course readings when appropriate, but they evidence creative thinking and make a significant contribution to peers’ understanding of the course topics. Moreover, follow-up posts/peer responses clarify and extend the class conversation, demonstrating critical thinking. 16-17Discussion posts are essentially complete and incorporate, when appropriate, excerpts from the course readings. Initial post is made by due date, and follow-up posts/peer responses engage others in continued discussion.11-15Discussion posts are incomplete, inaccurate, and/or late. Peer response is present but perfunctory, offering little “back” to enhance peers’ understanding.1-10Posts and peer responses are not made to all topic threads.0No posts are made, or posts are entered after the unit’s discussion has ended.Questions (Film/Novel)Choose two questions to answer:Describe your chosen film for your classmates. As part of the description, show us what you believe the film’s argument and focus to be. What genre would your film fit in? How does your film develop similarities or differences with the novel?What do you believe the ultimate argument of the novel Frankenstein to be? How can we develop this argument as part of a class in serial killer media? As this is the only novel that we’ll be reading from the 18th century, how does this older work inform the writings that we have thus far read in class?Why does Frankenstein’s monster kill in the novel? This is a deceptively simple question, so let me elaborate just a bit. What is his reason and motive for revenge? How does the monster admit that all of his killing could have been avoided? What moral burden does this place on us as readers?
Frankenstein

These assignments are designed to help you complete your paper in stages. You will be graded on these assignments and Essay

These assignments are designed to help you complete your paper in stages. You will be graded on these assignments and receive feedback from your instructor so you will be comfortable that you are on the “right track” to complete the course paper in UNIT 7. The requirements for your course paper are as follows: • Written in the format of the most current (7th) edition of the APA manual. • This type of research paper is similar to a literature review in that you will be discussing what information is currently known about your topic. • Include a discussion of psychological theory AND key research findings relevant to your chosen topic (below). Your incorporation of theory and research should come from the information you find through your reading of scholarly sources and journal articles (from your course paper resources assignment due in UNIT 3). • Include specific examples that support theory and research. • Please note that this is NOT an opinion essay. • Note: Topic # 2 (see below) is an exception to the last four bullet points above. • The body of the paper must be five full pages in length, not including APA style title page and References page. • Each paper must be a Word document, double spaced with size 12 Times New Roman font and 1 inch margins on all sides. • Please use complete sentences, appropriate grammar, spelling, and a minimum of 4 SCHOLARLY references (you may use your textbook as one reference). Please be sure to avoid using Internet sources such as Wikipedia or other web-based resources that do not have strong academic backing. • You will also be required to use in-text references in your work in accordance with APA style to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism detection software will be used to scan each paper.

HUM 1020 St Petersburg Gibbs Campus Contemporary Music Influence Responses

HUM 1020 St Petersburg Gibbs Campus Contemporary Music Influence Responses.

Module 6 Discussion ForumContemporary Music InfluenceMaterialsUse the Module 6 Required Reading in your textbook, the Module 6 Online Exploration, and your own independent research as your guides for writing this evaluation.InstructionsFor this Music Evaluation, select ONE of the TWO discussion options below. Read all options below, choose one for the essay, and post your response.Option A: Influences on Contemporary Music Option B: Influences on K-pop Music1. Locate and select a contemporary music video released after January 1, 2000, by any composer / performer that has an easily sharable URL that can be viewed by your classmates.Youtube and Soundcloud both have large libraries of easily shareable songs.2. Carefully listen to your selected song and critically examine its components, style, context, and influence. You may also wish to refer back to the Module 6 Required Online Exploration resources as well as the required pages in your textbook.3. Do research and find the relevant information required in step 4. Be sure to cite the websites, books, textbook, etc. where you found the information.4. Now that you’ve carefully examined the work of music you selected, write a new thread of at least 200 words, in which you:Identify the song and artist / band that you chose.Provide a brief biography of your chosen artist / band.Describe the artist’s / band’s style of music.Identify at least one musician, band or musical style from the textbook or online exploration that influenced your chosen song. (Consider similarities in components, style, and/or context).Indicate how you came to that conclusion and include specific evidence from the text, your research, your online exploration, and your chosen song that supports your arguments. Include the URL (hyperlink) to your chosen song.Explain why you chose the song, using your knowledge of musical components, styles, and history.5. Listen to at least two of your classmates’ chosen contemporary songs, read their original posts, and write replies of at least 50 words per reply to at least two different classmates (total of 100 words), in which you:Identify at least one additional similar band or musical style that influenced your classmate’s chosen song that was not already identified by your classmate. Include evidence supporting your argument and cite your source(s). 1. Using online resources and/or other research, familiarize yourself with the South Korean pop (K-pop) group Girls’ Generation and find your favorite song / video from their work that has an easily shareable URL that can be viewed by your classmates.The South Korean pop group Girls’ Generation has been a phenomenal success across many parts of Asia since it hit the scene in 2007. They have been compared to the sensation that was created in the 1960s by the Beatles.Using the internet, find out as much information as possible about Girls’ Generation. Use the guiding questions in #2 below to guide your research.Suggested resources (be sure to cite these sources too if you reference them):Girls’ Generation Youtube Channel Billboard’s Girl’s Generation artist site Dazed’s article “Girls’ Generation’s K-pop reign” The New Yorker’s article “Factory Girls” 2. Carefully listen to a few Girls’ Generation songs and critically examine their components, style, context, and influence. You may also wish to refer back to the Module 6 Required Online Exploration resources as well as the required pages in your textbook.3. Do research and find the relevant information required in step 3. Be sure to cite the websites, books, textbook, etc. where you found the information.4. Now that you’ve carefully examined band Girls’ Generation, their work, and their critical reception, write a new thread of at least 200 words, in which you:Provide a brief biography of the band.Describe the band’s style of music.Identify at least one musician, band or musical style that has influenced the musical work of Girls’ Generation. (Consider similarities in components, style, and/or context).Indicate how you came to that conclusion and include specific evidence from the text, your research, your online exploration, and your chosen song that supports your arguments. Identify your favorite song by Girls’ Generation and indicate why it’s your favorite.Include the URL (hyperlink) to your favorite Girls’ Generation song.Using your knowledge of musical components, styles, and history, explain why this band stayed popular for eight years in Asia given that no other exclusively female band has lasted more than just a few years in America.5. Read at least two of your classmates’ original posts, and write replies of at least 50 words per reply to at least two different classmates (total of 100 words), in which you:Identify at least one additional similarity or influence on Girl’ Generation’s musical work that was not already identified by your classmate. Include evidence supporting your argument and cite your source(s).
HUM 1020 St Petersburg Gibbs Campus Contemporary Music Influence Responses