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Exploring Themes Of The Shawshank Redemption English Literature Essay

Life is a mystery for those who find it hard to live it their own way, for those who live it as if the fate has chosen it for them. That is more of a compromise rather than a choice that people make to their lives driven by the awful situations that life put on them. Few find it hard to survive, few find it hard to sail against and there are few who remain stagnant for a while busy preparing a ship all those days waiting to sail through the streams moving in the favorable direction one day leading to a way to a new life of their own choice. The movie portrays all the possible choices that someone may think of and act to implement one. No one actually could imagine what life has for him or her in the next moment. Things may be worse and even dreadful to imagine. Sometimes, we are bound to accept the thing that comes to our way. People left with no choices rather than to accept it as it comes. However, that is not the end of it. They are free to create an opportunity with their creative instinct. The lead character in the movie have actually proved it to many in there, The Shawshank Prison that in life irrespective of all awful situations, we do always have two choices either we get busy living or get busy dying. Life has several options for everyone. It is up to people to identify the options and be strong in their mind to find a way to get busy living. All that matters is the choice you make and implement your strategic moves silently and carefully to own your dream in reality. Freedom is not just the physical presence that we make in the outside world; it is as versatile in its nature as our mind or heart is. Music brings your soul to harmony as it stays in your mind as well as in your heart. Music provides you with a way to attach yourself to your soul, to listen to your mind and set yourself free inside away from all worries. The movie talks about the life in prison and the choice that prisoners do make. Few cage their minds forever in the dark of prison. It is because of the fear or most often because they lost their hope of living in real sense forever. They forget to trust their abilities or perhaps never realize that they have the potential to do different things. However, those who remain open to hope and do not let the fear of circumstances rolling over them, makes it worth out of their knowledge and cleverness. Part 2: Analysis of how the movie presents the message or theme: By creating the film’s solid groundwork, the carefully chiseled screenplay paved the way for this film’s success. Frank Darabont outdoes himself with the extraordinary adaptation of Stephen King’s equally noteworthy novella, Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. In this novella, King demonstrates that he can break free from the genre he dominates and still produce a splendid piece of modern literature. The film mirrors the novella in many ways. While maintaining some of the poetic and touching dialogue of the novella, Darabont also proves that a film’s score can breed a great pact of emotional reaction from its audience, as dialogue does. The tale instigates with the trial of a young banker, Andy Dufrense, offended by incidental evidence, resulting in a conviction for the murder of his wife and her lover. After a quick conviction, Andy finds himself serving a life sentence at Shawshank prison, with no hope of promise. He exists in this prison only in outward show, keeping his mind free from the monotonous walls around him. Fear can hold you prisoner. Hope can set you free. His quite way about anything along with his professional excellence results in the gaining of respect from his fellow inmates as well as the Warden and security men, but most of all from Ellis Boyd Redding. Norten(the warden): You enjoy working in the laundry. Andy: No. Sir, not especially Norten: Perhaps you can find something more befitting a man of your education. (Andy associated Brook’s in Shawshank prison library) The Shawshank Redemption. Dir. Frank Darabont. Wri. Stephen King, Prod. Niki Marvin.Columbia Pictures, 1994 Ellis, generally referred to as Red perhaps because he was an Irish, finds lucrative use of his commercial spirit within the drab walls of Shawshank by dealing in contraband and commodities rare to the boundaries of prison. Andy’s character and undeniable sense of hope causes Red to take a deeper look at himself, and the world around him. Andy proves to Red and the other inmates that he could thrill the conservative walls of Shawshank prison with music and at times with a hope to live and to drill a hole big enough to reach out as a freeman. Andy: I had Mr. Mozart to keep me company. [Points and taps his head.] It was in here [Gestures over his heart]. That is the beauty of music. They cannot get that from you. Haven’t you ever felt that way about music? Red: Well, I played a mean harmonica as a younger man; Lost interest in it, though. Didn’t make too much sense in here. Andy: No, here is where it makes the most sense. You need it so you do not forget. Red: Forget? Andy: That there are places in the world that aren’t made out of stone. They cannot get to something inside. They cannot touch. It is yours. Red: What are you talking about? Andy: Hope. The Shawshank Redemption. Dir. Frank Darabont. Wri. Stephen King, Prod. Niki Marvin.Columbia Pictures, 1994 While both Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman shine as Andy and Red, respectively, the true display of acting lies within the plethora of remarkable supports from actors who easily disappear into their roles. James Whitmore, who portrays the elderly Brooks Hatlen, a man imprisoned for an unstated crime for so long that he finds himself attached to the Shawshank and the daily life he has lead. He finds it hard to manage with the outside world when set free from the prison. He commits suicide. Andy
ECOM 201 Saudi Electronic Negative Factors of Virtual Teams Discussion.

Due to the remarkable raise and advancement of technology, lots of large companies are moving forward to digitalize and virtualize how they do business internally and externally, such as virtual teams. Moreover, one of the virtual team advantages is the ability for a company to create the dream team without boundaries as it eliminates the element of desistance, core knowledge and skills limitation. With all these wonderful components there are many issues and might have a large negative impact to the whole process of creating a virtual team and working as and within a virtual team. These concerns can be outlined as the following:CommunicationTrust Productivity Questions:Define each negative factor and explain why it is an issue.Outline 2 solutions for each of the presented issues.
ECOM 201 Saudi Electronic Negative Factors of Virtual Teams Discussion

Media Effects Theory Evaluation

This chapter consists of two parts. In the first section I will critically review media effects theories and explore relevant theoretical approaches underpinning active audience studies. I will also discuss recent studies exploring media influence, delving into the methodological approaches as well as observing different ways that the media are claimed to have impact on people’s understanding. In particular, I will focus on literatures in areas of risks and health, as well as examining studies utilising creative methods for studying media influence, all which I will relate to my findings chapters. The way in which media influence is contextualised in this research however, should not be misunderstood as trying to prove any direct impact media have on people. Instead, my intention is to offer ways of thinking about media influence and hopefully this would help build a link between my findings and the theoretical body. I will reiterate my stance towards the end of the chapter whilst situating my research within literatures of media influence. In the second part of my literature, I will explore research conducted in areas of infant feeding, in particular to studies about breastfeeding and the media. This section will offer variety ways of exploring breastfeeding issues and how studying the media would fit into the social context and problems related to breastfeeding. I will also explore studies conducted in different cultural settings, which hopes to highlight the different ways culture and religion can influence infant feeding practices and their overall understanding of breastfeeding. What I hope to achieve by the end of this chapter is to give an idea of the different directions to studying breastfeeding in the media and defend my approach in this thesis. I then conclude this chapter by positioning my research within the theoretical, methodological and empirical framework that I have explored throughout. Media Effects, active audiences and beyond Review of Media effects theories Early works on media influence are focused on media’s effects on human behaviours (ref). The idea that the media has powerful effects on people gained ground during the 1930’s, in light of the elite’s fascist treatment towards society and dictators using the media as propaganda tool in countries like Germany and Russia. Research emphasis at the time was to find out what the media can do to people (ref) and this brought about the first theory of media effects (the hypodemic needle model), envisioned by scholars of the Frankfurt school in 1923 which suggests that media content are injected into audience thoughts and thus would influence their behaviours. Such studies assumed causal link between mass media and mass audience, suggesting that the media has a “magic bullet” effect that could result to media-inspired mass behavior (for example see works of Cantril et al., 1940; Lasswell 1927 and Lippman, 1922). Researchers at the time sought to link between media representations and mass behavior, mostly were concerned over the (harmful) effects media has on society. This gave rise to studies supporting strong media effects and sets the parameter for most media research that took place between the 1940s to the 1960s (for example see Bandura and Walters, 1963; Lazarsfeld et al., 1944). It was one of the reasons why media effects studies was popular and gained much importance in the field of media studies at the time. However, hypodemic needle model or “magic bullet” theory is flawed in so many ways. The word media effects itself put much emphasis and power to the media that followers of hypodemic needle model / magic bullet theory often ignored the fact that audience themselves are active producers of meaning. Media and audience relationship does not exist in void but is involved and influenced by many things, among others, social context, culture and political-economy of a society. Audience consists of individuals who have different social and cultural backgrounds which makes it problematic if not impossible, to conceptualise one mass audience. It is then renders attempts to measure media effects difficult and complex. Researchers tried to improve this link by including additional stages/layers to media effects, such is done by Lazarsfeld and Katz (1955) when they introduced opinion leaders into the process – a model which is also known as the two steps flow. What this model argues is that the effects of media on audience are mediated by different key individuals, who tends to be people with most access to the media and are assumed to be more media literate. These are ‘opinion leaders’ who are sought to explain and diffuse media content to others. Although this model reduces the “direct effects”, it still simplifies the process involved between media and audience, and more importantly maintains audience’s position at the receiving end of this relationship. This does not only sustain the idea that audiences are passive but also renders them incapable of producing their own interpretations. Another social theory which tries to explain media effects was developed by George Gebner in the 1960s, known as the Cultivation theory. The theory proposed that the media has long term effects on audiences, nurturing certain ideas through representations and media discourse. The cultivation theory springs from a large-scale research project called ‘Cultural Indicators’, a project that was aimed to explore media processes and track effects (particularly violent programming) on audiences (Miller, 2005, p. 281). A part of the study investigates the relationship between audience attention to media messages and their conceptions of social reality (Morgan, p;70 and Shanahan and Morgan p. 6-7). Findings suggest that exposure to television, over time subtly “cultivates” audiences’ perceptions of reality. This “cultivation effects” are claimed to affect light television viewers as well because the media (television) functions as a tool for socialisation and enculturation process (Gerbner and Gross, 1976:175). Therefore, the theory suggests that any impact television has on heavy users will also, in time, impact on the entire culture. Gerbner et al (1986:23) later notes that this impact does not necessarily imply a unidirectional process but rather, it is a complex development built through subtle interactions between medium and its publics. Miller (2005:282) reiterates this point by explaining that the impetus of cultivation theory was not to prove specific media effects on behaviours, but to highlight media’s overarching influence towards the way people think about the world. Gerbner’s idea was widely accepted however, similar to the previous media effects theories, it supports the notion that audience is vulnerable and easily manipulated. Cultivation theory asserts power to the media and regards audiences as subjects with limited interpretation, ignoring their social context and ability to generate own meanings. The many limitations of media effects theories have prompted researchers to switch focus. Following cluster of research in media studies question media power and shift emphasis towards studying audiences and their use of the media. Theorists such as Katz, E., Blumler, J. G.,

Chocolate Production and Biomes for Growing Cacoa Beans

cheap assignment writing service Chocolate Production and Biomes for Growing Cacoa Beans. Introduction This report is to investigate how chocolate is produced and the biomes where the cacoa bean is best grown in. The cocoa beans are going true a manufacturing process and the sepereated cocoa butter is the main component for chocolate production. Further investigations will be the environmental factors and human interferences into the cocoa tree farming, and the impact on the sustainability of cocoa bean production and security. Cocoa Beans are a high demand consumer item all over the world and this demand has an affect on chocolate production. I will also show how food production can change and what factors are driving this change for the future of the cocoa bean. Biome Biomes areas on the earth’s surface where plants and animals live in conjunction, with animals and plants adapting to their environment. The ideal place to grow cocoa beans is in countries situatied in a belt between 10ºN and 10ºS of the Equator (Figure 1), where there is a humid tropical climate. The largest production countries are Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Indonesia, with 70% of cocoa beans are produced in west Africa. The African tropical forest biomes are warm and humid tropical climate raining regulary and have a small proportion of there yar that is dry. According to Purdue University, cacao trees can tolerate temperatures as high as around 35 degrees and as low as 12 degrees. Optimal growing temperature are between 26 and 18 degrees (Whittemore, F. 2012). Cacao trees do not tolerate lack of rain well and require climates with high precipitation and humidity to thrive. The plant can tolerate rainfall from around 500 mm to over 2500mm per year. Cocoa trees are not well suited to wind, that’s why they are often planted in protected areas along the mountain ranges and hillsides, usually below elevations of 300 meters. The trees are shade loving and are often grown under the forest canopy for more protection (, they are almost alwase planted in laege groups so they can protect each other from the wind. Ideal soil for growing the trees must contain quantity of nutrients, be about 1.5m deep to allow the growth of a good root system. The cocoa tree is sensitive to a lack of water, so the soil must have both water hold some water well and have good drainage. Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 ProcessingChocolate Production and Biomes for Growing Cacoa Beans

ECON 3T03 McMaster University Application Exercises

ECON 3T03 McMaster University Application Exercises.

Consider the following Cobb Douglas production function: Y= K1/4L3/4. The rate of depreciation in the economy is 4% and the marginal propensity to save (mps) is 25%. Any output that is not saved is consumed and this is a closed economy. Population growth rate is zero.a. Calculate the steady state capital per worker and output per worker. Show your steps. (2 marks)b. Continue with the same data with the exception that mps is unknown. Solve for the rate of investment which will ensure golden rule of consumption per capita as covered in posted lectures for Chapter 3.Show all the steps covered in the discussion for the practice problem clearly to avoid grade penalty. (5 marks)c. Continue with the same data above but introduce the following change. The rate of depreciation changes to 5% for capital per worker greater than or equal to 50. For k<50, the rate of depreciation still continues to be 4%. Use a well labeled graph to show the steady state behaviour in this new scenario. In your answer you must indicate the numerical magnitudes of the associated capital per worker and output worker. Show the steps you have followed to obtain the numerical answers. (2 + 2 marks)
ECON 3T03 McMaster University Application Exercises

Apple case study and analysis

Apple case study and analysis.

DIRECTIONS FOR PAPER Read the case carefully before you start your paper. The case’s date is up to 2015. All your answer must base on the case. Do not use the outside source that never mention in the case. A well-written case is characterized by clear organization of information, thoughtful analysis, and realistic, workable solutions to the problems presented in the case. Make sure that your paper is not merely a rehash of the case: do not copy sections from the case into your paper. I uploaded the sample of Merck, please follow the format of Merck Case. Also, I upload the link and word file with the ideas that you can use, but make sure you choose the information from the links and word file match with the case. Your paper should include the following (Question 1 to 5): What are the company’s vision/mission and objectives? (spend about 100 words)Corporate strategy and business (or competitive) strategy (spend about 300 words: each strategy about 100 words)Industry analysis (spend about 500 words: about 100 words for each force)Company situation analysis (Spend about 500 words: each point about 170 words)Recommendation(spend about 100 words)I upload the detail instruction, please follow that instruction to write the paper. Thanks.
Apple case study and analysis