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Explain how eLearning has had an impact on the changing roles of learners and instructors in learning settings.

Explain how eLearning has had an impact on the changing roles of learners and instructors in learning settings..

Explain how eLearning has had an impact on the changing roles of learners and instructors in learning settings.Include the eLearning strategies you believe are most effective for
fostering social, cognitive, and teaching presence in learning settings. Explain the strategies you would use to create social, cognitive, and
teaching presence as a designer and/or instructor of a course. Support your evaluation with principles from connectivism theory, personal experience, and at least one research study (PhD, EdD, and EdS students) or dissertation (PhD and EdD students ); include course resources as applicable.Use these resources to help answer the questionhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/vie…http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.h…https://www.calvin.edu/~dsc8/documents/GeorgeSieme…
Explain how eLearning has had an impact on the changing roles of learners and instructors in learning settings.

Critical writing is one of the most interesting models of writing that exits. It involves presenting a problem by exposing unimaginable and hidden issues that emerge as the answers to those problems. This form of writing invites a lot of debate and possible opposition to the writer s assumptions. It has been called freakonomics (DiNardo 973). DiNardo continues to argue that Freakonomics is intended to entertain than to inform. There is a lack of “serious questions to ask and therefore it is even more impossible to imagine what serious answers would look like” thus becoming even the more entertaining (973). Despite this simplification by DiNardio, Baker argues that freakonomics presents a problem in a “new way, associating factors that seem unrelated to the problem in trying to come up with the solutions” and exposing uncertainties about the knowledge experts hold as conclusive (para 1). This leaves a lot of room for disagreements on the author’s assumptions. In their 2005 book on freakonomics, they propose alternative conclusions on several problems the American society is facing. Their arguments propose that just because “two things are correlated does not mean that one cause another.” They use the analogy of X being related to Y. This correlation does not “offer further information of the direction of the relationship.” They argue that maybe X cause Y or vice versa. Or may be both X and Y are caused by another unseen factor (10). In analyzing the causes of the unexpected sudden 50% decline in crimes in the late 1990s America, many experts proposed a number of reasons. Key among them was an improved economy, so many would be criminals were gainfully employed, and better policing initiative by the American police. However Freakonomics view of this event point to a little insignificant event 20 years earlier. It all stated when a young troubled 21 year old drug abusing alcoholic Norma McCorvey sought to abort her third pregnancy. Norma had previously given up her two other children for adoption. Her plight was adopted by pro abortionist. The result is that abortion was legalized. Levitt
EDIBLE ARRANGEMENTS: MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS REPORT Table of Contents Introduction 3 Target Market 3 Customer Decision Making Process 4 Media Mix 5 Recommendations 6 Appendices 9 References 10 Introduction Edible Arrangements has offered same-day delivery for its fruit baskets, fruit bouquets and other sweet gifts for more than a decade. One of competitive advantages that differentiates Edible Arrangements from its competitors is the same-day orders with a deadline of 5:00 PM. However, most target markets are not fully aware of this service. This report aims to identify the right target markets and the influences behind their purchasing decision and proposes a set of media mix that matches the purchasing behavior of the target market. In addition, this report will also identify the right socia media channel for Edible Arrangements. Target Market To determine the suitable target market for Edible Arrangements, this communication strategy has considered several variables from the market segmentation as references. The first variable is the demographic segmentation, in which a division of a large market is separated into smaller segments based on shared personal qualities such as gender, age, race, education, income, occupation, household formation and marital status.[1] Under demographic segmentation, the potential target market for Edible Arrangements are female and male young adults and women ages 18 to 55 years old with middle to upper household incomes. The fruit bouquets and baskets from Edible Arrangements ranged from $29 to $179 and the target market can afford these prices. In addition, this target market celebrates several occasions every year such as birthdays, graduations, baby showers, bridal showers and anniversaries. The next variable is the psychographic market segmentation which is based on the interests, attitudes, values, activities, and lifestyle of the target market.[2] Under this market segmentation, Edible Arrangements should focus on customers who are health conscious, lead a healthy lifestyle and maintain hearty eating habits. For those who are practicing healthy and clean eating, fruit bouquets or fruit baskets are the better alternatives to cakes and chocolates. According to a Nielsen report from 2017, the number of people who desire increased food transparency and uphold healthy eating habits is on the rise; more Americans are trading their usual fill of shopping carts in favor of healthier options.[3] This lifestyle even affects Thanksgiving as Americans continue to choose a cleaner variety of meats and actively try to include more plant based foods into their diet. They seek natural, fresh, and minimally processed foods, making fruit one of their top choices among the food categories. The last variable is the geographic variable based on the geographical areas of the target market including region, continent, country, state, neighborhood, population density, and climate.[4] A 2017 report by International Food Information Council Foundation demonstrated that households in suburban and urban areas are more concerned with their diet and are inspired to lead healthier lifestyles.[5] Therefore, the suitable target market for Edible Arrangements are those who live in urban and suburban areas. In addition to the aforementioned target market that focused on individuals’ gifting and consumptions, another attractive target market for Edible Arrangements is the business and corporate world. For corporate customers, they are likely to purchase the fruit bouquets or baskets as gifts to delight their prospects, clients, customers, suppliers, and employees. As Edible Arrangements offers same-day orders and delivery, the fruit baskets are perfect for businesses who seek a fast and easy gift to show appreciation towards their clients, employees, etc. For example, Edible Arrangements could work together with businesses ranging from local health centers to wealth management firms to provide fruit arrangements for clients on their birthdays. Customer Decision Making Process For consumers, there are five main stages of decision making: problem or need recognition, information search, alternative evaluation, purchase decision, and post-purchase behavior. The first stage, problem and need recognition, is the of the utmost importance in the customer’s decision making process. In this stage, potential customers recognize that there is a need for purchasing gifts for close friends or colleagues for birthdays, anniversaries, and other gift-giving occasions. Customers also recognise the type of gifts that is suitable for the recipient and their limitations such as diet, budget, and timing. This may lead to general ideas regarding what the customers want to purchase in order to satisfy their needs. When the target market recognizes their needs, they will search for information typically through the internet. In this second stage, customers gather information about the products such as availability, pricing, convenience, timing, and other pertinent information. Websites and social media will be the main sources for customers to get all the resources and information that they need. The third stage of the decision making process is alternative evaluation. Here consumers will evaluate their options to reach their final product or brand choice after filtering through necessary information that can assist them in their decision. In the fourth stage, consumers will choose the products that they are planning to buy and make the purchase. For Edible Arrangements, the purchase can be made either offline, in one of the 1200 stores worldwide, or through their website. The decision making process continues even after the purchase was made. A consumer’s post-purchase behavior includes the evaluation of their feelings about the product and service, and ultimately whether they are satisfied with their purchase. The utility that the purchaser and their recipient experience upon receiving the gift influences the level of a customer’s satisfaction. Media Mix To improve sales and capture the target market, the following media mix has been drafted. The first strategy is to utilise the power of social media such as Instagram, Facebook and Twitter. Over the years, social media has gained an immense impact on our daily lives and affected our relationships, education and shopping experience.[6] It is undeniable that social media affects business in several different ways and the inception of these platforms has forced businesses to adapt their marketing strategies and how they communicate with potential customers. Edible Arrangements has active accounts on Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest but lacks a significant presence on Instagram with only 35.4 thousand followers (as of 12/12/18). Based on data from Statista, the most popular social media sites in the United States in 2018 are Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and Pinterest.[7] Although the data shows Snapchat as the fifth most popular and the most preferred social network for teenagers in the U.S (46%), the nature of Snapchat’s platform is unsuitable for Edible Arrangements.[8] Snapchat advertisements can be easily skipped through with a tap of the screen and a short video advertisement would be too costly to benefit the company. Therefore, the ideal choices for social media communication are Instagram and Facebook. It is crucial that the advertisement harnesses the viewer’s attention to avoid their scrolling past and ignoring the ad. The next channel for media mix is the official website of Edible Arrangements. The website is the first destination for potential customers when they search for Edible Arrangements online or click on the social media advertisements. The website is the simplest and fastest way for customers to make their purchase, view the list of products, and find the closest store. Upon first glance of the site, it is extremely cluttered and must be altered (see Appendix 1). Solutions are given in the “Recommendations” section. To increase public awareness of same-day order and delivery, Edible Arrangements should utilize radio communication and a print advertisement for public transportation. Currently, radio may seem outdated as a form of marketing, though Nielsen reports that 93% of U.S adults listen to radio every week, which is higher than television and smartphone usage.[9] This specifically will work with the suburban demographic, most of whom commute and work in urban areas. Lastly, Edible Arrangements should use a printed advertisement (see Appendix 2) to target users of public transportation. Recommendations For a business that emphasizes visual appeal, Instagram is the ideal choice to connect with consumers and it provides in-depth data about engagement with the ad. The advertisement will feature a beautiful, eye-popping, and colorful display of fruit bouquets and baskets. The same advertisement used for print media in Appendix 2 can be used for Instagram. Furthermore, the social media platform is home to active audiences due where Edible Arrangements can communicate directly with its customers. The Instagram ad will increase engagement with the company’s profile and boost its following, which will allow it to maintain frequent interaction and reminders to customers. The second Instagram strategy is to capitalize on social media influencers. Social media influencers are well known individuals with huge followings on the social media network. Social media influencers are not limited to celebrities, but also individuals that have gained massive and attentive audiences of whom actively follow and comment on their posts. Edible Arrangements can arrange sponsored posts by the influencers by paying their advertisement fee or preferably, by giving them a number of free gifts to send. The latter will allow them to share a personal experience of Edible Arrangements’ service and products on their profile and subsequently provide a positive review. The next channel is the official website of Edible Arrangements (Appendix 1). The cluttered home page must be simplified. First, the main attractions currently show three offers; this should be changed to a sliding display that shows the flagship offer or product and proceeds to the next after a few seconds. Next, the same promotion of 20% off is shown twice on the homepage. It is an enticing promotion so it should be noticeable, but not repeated. Lastly, the horizontal bar near the top showing different categories (“Shop Occasions Birthday … Holiday Specials”) must simplify to fewer items. The “Shop” tab includes “Shop By Size” and the “Occasions” tab includes “Birthday” and “Christmas.” Fewer categories will allow for the remaining items to be enlarged. A website that is easier to navigate will increase the conversion rate of purchases to website visitors. For the print and radio advertisements, the goal is to target consumers during transportation. The advertisement in Appendix 2 is proposed for print media and for Instagram– the ad is square, making to compatible to Instagram’s platform. Notably, the print ad will appear in free newspapers read on public transportation, in the transportation itself (subways, busses, etc.), and on the sides of the delivery vans that are used to fulfill customers’ orders. The ad highlights the attractive products offered by Edible Arrangements, showing a gift for someone who is ill. It focuses on the same-day delivery services and prompts its viewers to make their order online. When people see a delivery van drive by, are on public transportation, or using Instagram, their time to view the ad is limited. Therefore, the ad uses bright colors to catch the viewer’s eye and limited wording so that the information is conveyed quickly. Radio reaches a diverse audience and is tuned into frequently while people are driving, in the office, or commuting to work. The radio ad will remind potential customers of the gifts they may have forgotten to purchase and will increase impulsive purchases of the bouquets and baskets. These recommendations for a marketing communications strategy will ensure that Edible Arrangements increases its sales and spreads awareness about its same-day delivery offering. Appendices Appendix 1 Appendix 2 This advertisement is proposed for print and social media. References 2017 Food and Health Survey: “A Healthy Perspective: Understanding American Food Values” [WWW Document], n.d. . FoodInsight.org. URL http://www.foodinsight.org/2017-food-and-health-survey (accessed 12.14.18). Goyat, S., 2011. The basis of market segmentation: a critical review of literature. European Journal of Business and Management 3, 45-54–54. How America Listens: The American Audio Landscape [WWW Document], n.d. URL http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/news/2018/how-america-listens-the-american-audio-landscape (accessed 12.14.18). How “Clean” Eating is Influencing Americans’ Thanksgiving Meals [WWW Document], n.d. URL http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/news/2017/how-clean-eating-is-influencing-americans-thanksgiving-meals (accessed 12.14.18). Michael Stelzner, 2017. 2017 Social Media Marketing Industry Report. Social Media Marketing | Social Media Examiner. Preferred social networks of U.S. teens 2018 | Statistic [WWW Document], n.d. . Statista. URL https://www.statista.com/statistics/250172/social-network-usage-of-us-teens-and-young-adults/ (accessed 12.14.18). Siricharoen, W.V., 2012. Social Media, How does it Work for Business? International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology Vol. 3. Top U.S. mobile social apps by users 2018 | Statistic [WWW Document], n.d. . Statista. URL https://www.statista.com/statistics/248074/most-popular-us-social-networking-apps-ranked-by-audience/ (accessed 12.14.18). Tuckwell, K., Jaffey, M., 2016. Think marketing. [1] Tuckwell, K., Jaffey, M., 2016. Think marketing. [2] Ibid. [3] How “Clean” Eating is Influencing Americans’ Thanksgiving Meals [WWW Document], n.d. URL http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/news/2017/how-clean-eating-is-influencing-americans-thanksgiving-meals (accessed 12.14.18). [4] Goyat, S., 2011. The basis of market segmentation: a critical review of literature. European Journal of Business and Management 3, 45-54–54. [5] 2017 Food and Health Survey: “A Healthy Perspective: Understanding American Food Values” [WWW Document], n.d. . FoodInsight.org. URL http://www.foodinsight.org/2017-food-and-health-survey (accessed 12.14.18). [6] Siricharoen, W.V., 2012. Social Media, How does it Work for Business? International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology Vol. 3. [7] Top U.S. mobile social apps by users 2018 | Statistic [WWW Document], n.d. . Statista. URL https://www.statista.com/statistics/248074/most-popular-us-social-networking-apps-ranked-by-audience/ (accessed 12.14.18). [8] Preferred social networks of U.S. teens 2018 | Statistic [WWW Document], n.d. . Statista. URL https://www.statista.com/statistics/250172/social-network-usage-of-us-teens-and-young-adults/ (accessed 12.14.18). [9] How America Listens: The American Audio Landscape [WWW Document], n.d. URL http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/news/2018/how-america-listens-the-american-audio-landscape (accessed 12.14.18).

Sonnys Blue And Everyday Use

You will never say that these two stories are only mundane waste of ink. Reading these stories, you understand things you have never thought about before. However, what do people think? Did all of them recognize the same these authors did? Each of us should answer this question by own. Years passed but plays, novels on the theme, which James Baldwin Alice Walker talked about, are still writing, and films are still shooting, why? There are things, which we remember, and things, which we cannot forget. Whether this is good or bad is up for opinion. There are some of the most interesting and touching stories, I have ever read. Making my way through long lines of bookshelves in the library these two books caught my eye: “Sonny’s Blue” by James Baldwin and “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker. After reading them, I understood how good they are for arguing about. All standpoints about these books are contradictory and varied. Nevertheless, you should read these novels to understand and determine what place do they occur in your life. I did. Moreover, I must admit that, they are definitely not just another mundane waste of ink, whatever they can be said to be. However, these stories are believed to be unique, talented and ubiquitous. They are worth of attention, as I will prove it through this paper. So, let me begin to explain. Main question In two stories “Sonny’s Blue” by James Baldwin and “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker, the authors explore sibling relationships, demonstrating how siblings may feel both love and conflict toward each other. The main mission of the paper is to discuss and analyze the relationships between siblings in these two stories and to explain how conflicts are resolved or not. When I finished reading these two stories, words and snatches of conversations echoed around my head, so I could not sleep. I decided to read them and analyze in order not to be lost in thoughts. This at first glance frantic idea appeared to be overwhelming. All points of view about these books are contradictory and varied. I must admit that “Sonny’s Blue” by James Baldwin as well as “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker influenced me a lot. These stories are two mysterious worlds, they can be judged or understood, but never wiped off. Creations of its authors, novels include feelings, words, and dearest moments. To sum up, reading these novels is not mortifying thing, it is not just wasting the time. Anyway, they exist and it is nothing to do. It is mentioned in the source that “Sonny’s Blue” (that was written in 1957 by James Baldwin) opens with the narrator, who reads about his brother named Sonny who was caught in a heroin bust. However, he cannot get his mind off Sonny. Sonny is related to the narrator – they are brothers. They keep in contact, and after Sonny gets out of jail, he goes to live with the narrator and his family. They eat a family dinner, which then turns into a flashback about their parents (2010, , pg 2). The relationships between relatives (for example brothers) are always difficult and various. Not always conflicts between brothers could be resolved. Through the story two brothers (narrator and Sonny) are arguing and deciding are they brothers or not. They remember father’s and mother’s death and even uncle’s. Then they have a conflict in interests, when Sonny claimed that he wants to become a pianist and a jazz musician. As it is mentioned, they figure out his living arrangement for the remainder of his high school career. Sonny calls his brother ignorant for not knowing who Charlie Parker is, and argues that he does not want to finish high school or live at Isabel’s (a wife of narrator) parents’ house. Eventually, Isabel’s parents have a piano, which Sonny can play whenever he wants, provided he go to school (2010, , pg 2). During the entire story, two main heroes (brothers) argue and have a conflict. Eventually, in the end of story they have a conversation, where Sonny tells his brother about what he feels when his veins are filled with heroin. Sonny also mentions that he would not die in order to stop suffering (at least, he would not die earlier then anybody else would in this case). Finally, narrator accepts Sonny as a brother (even if he is a kind of a drug addict), when he hears how beautiful and magical is Sonny’s play in jazz club. The story ends that way. Another story called “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker. It is said that she illustrates the importance of understanding our present life in relation to the traditions of our own people and culture. Walker personifies the different sides of culture and heritage in the characters of Dee and the mother (the narrator). Dee can be seen to represent a materialistic, complex, and modern way of life where culture and heritage are to be valued only for their “trendy-ness” and aesthetic appeal. Mother represents a way of life where culture and heritage are valued for both its usefulness as well as its personal significance (2003, pg 1, ). Thus, it must be mentioned that this story contains a conflict between two women (Dee and the mother). Main conflict in the story is that Dee struggle because of creating identity for herself. She wants to change her name. Moreover, her strict heritage can be defined as that of Afro – Americans. The point is that Dee was named after her grandmother and aunt. It was a kind of tradition. Finally, through the story Walker illustrates readers that “culture is neither name changes nor speaking a foreign tongue. One’s culture and heritage are taught, from one generation to the next, not suddenly picked up or acquired. A person who possesses real heritage and culture make use of it every day of their life” (2003, pg 1, ). Conclusion In conclusion, I must admit that both stories touch conflicts and problems that modern people face in their routine daily life very often. The value of these stories is definitely great in nowadays culture, because people can gain some experience from them and look for some answers for their questions. The main mission of the paper was to discuss and analyze the relationships between siblings in these two stories and to explain how conflicts are resolved or not. I believe mission is completed. “Sonny’s Blue” by James Baldwin and “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker are obviously talented and useful stories in our fast – moving contemporary world.

New York University International Marketing Research Paper

online homework help New York University International Marketing Research Paper.

Question 1Using ANY FIVE uncontrollable factors below,critically explain why international marketing sometimes creates conditions of uncertainty:1.1: Government attitude towards foreign investors 1.2: Currency Exchange Rates 1.3: Culture 1.4: Political Stability 1.5: Protectionism 1.6: Trade restrictions 1.7: Economic conditions In your explanation, define clearly the concept in each factor, discuss illustratively with real-life example to support your discussion, and explain how it creates uncertainty. Note: each factor carries 18 marks maximum and to gain full marks example must be included. 10% mark will be allocated to overall presentation.Question 2: Thoroughly discuss any FIVE REASONS why a company may fail in an international market. The use of real-life examples of a product and country and providing a clear definition where necessary is essential in your discussion (90 marks).Note: each reason carries 18 marks, and the use of examples is essential to gain full marks. 10% mark will be allocated to overall presentation. Question 3:Thoroughly discuss FIVE FACTORS that may influence a business choice of either standardisation or localisation of any of the international marketing mix (price, place, product or promotion) in a new target country. The use of real-life example in each factor and a clear explanation of both standardisation and localisation is essential in your discussion (90 marks). Note:1. Each explanation carries 18 marks and the use of examples is essential to gain full marks. 10% mark will be allocated to overall presentation.2. Discussing one element of the marketing mix per factor is sufficient (you may discuss the factor’s influence on one or more elements of the marketing mix)
New York University International Marketing Research Paper

IT 650 Southern New Hampshire University Database Management System Design Proposal

IT 650 Southern New Hampshire University Database Management System Design Proposal.

I’m working on a computer science question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Articulate the relevant legal and ethical standards that need to be considered in your solution design and in future implementation. Determine the best practices in design, data use, and storage to ensure legal compliance. The regulations in place and the best practices for aligning operations will likely change depending on the type of industry in which your company resides. Support your conclusions with research support. Determine best practices in design, data use, and storage to ensure ethical operation of your company. These best practices will likely change depending on the industry in which your company resides. Support your conclusions with research support. In consideration of the type of organization you selected, the data used, and your consideration of legal and ethical standards, discuss the security needs of your DBMS solution.Considering the group/department for which you constructed your enterprise data model (Milestone Four), discuss the differences in security needs at this level in comparison with those of the company as a whole. Given the comparisons and discussions above, recommend a comprehensive but high-level (pertaining to the solution as a whole rather than the particular department) security management plan for your design that will align to organizational needs.Complete your final project by submitting your database management system. This database management system will include the material development for the four final project milestones and the security plan and should address the feedback received in response to those submissions. The final project should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the crucial elements of the final project.For additional details, please refer to the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document.
IT 650 Southern New Hampshire University Database Management System Design Proposal

ECON 23030 LU Aggregate Demand & Supply Interest Rates & Initial Equilibrium Worksheet

ECON 23030 LU Aggregate Demand & Supply Interest Rates & Initial Equilibrium Worksheet.

I’m working on a macro economics multi-part question and need an explanation to help me learn.

This exercise will help you understand how to use the AD-AS model developed in class.To complete this exercise, I suggest you draw (and correctly label) the AD-AS diagram for each question.You will begin with an initial equilibrium where the rate of inflation is 3%, and the economy is operating at potential (i.e., the GDP gap = 0).From this initial condition, shift the AD or AS curve as required by the question and locate:undefineda) the short-term equilibrium for inflation and output; andundefinedb) the long-term equilibrium for inflation and output.undefinedThen, on the answer sheet, tell me what happens in the short and long-run to the rate of inflation and the rate of growth in output.1. The Chair of the Federal Reserve (Jerome Powell) announces that the Fed will raise interest rates.undefinedShort-run effects:undefinedLong-run effects:undefined2. It is 2007 and the U.S. housing bubble bursts.undefinedShort-run effects:undefinedLong-run effects:undefined3. Due to the success of vaccinations, households decide to increase autonomous consumption expenditures and save less.undefinedShort-run effects:undefinedLong-run effects:undefined4. China decides to decrease the importation of U.S. goods while the U.S. imports more from abroad.undefinedShort-run effects:undefinedLong-run effects:undefined5. The Biden administration raises taxes on individuals and businesses.undefinedShort-run effects:undefinedLong-run effects:undefined6. A strange ray from Omicron Persei 8 hits the earth and everyone permanently loses half of their knowledge. (Hint:This scenario is one that affects the LRAS.)undefinedShort-run effects:undefinedLong-run effects:
ECON 23030 LU Aggregate Demand & Supply Interest Rates & Initial Equilibrium Worksheet