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Experience of Making a Film Essay

Experience of Making a Film Essay. The course ‘introduction to media” has enabled me to acquire a lot of knowledge that is helpful in film production. I produced a film about switching off the car when one stops at a supermarket to do shop. It was a short film between 5 and 10 minutes. Production involved four crewmembers and three other individuals who played roles of cast members. I was the producer and was involved in making critical decisions that guided the production of the film. We encountered several problems during the shoot. First, it was difficult to find a good location for the film. The weather was unfavorable and we had to reschedule many times. We visited several places to find the most appropriate location. However, we had to film despite unfavorable weather because we had a few days to complete the project. Secondly, we took more time to complete the project than expected. We expected to take two or three days but it took us one week to produce the film. The delay was due to lack of adequate knowledge and skills on film production. Despite the challenges, we completed the film successfully. Another challenge we faced was the operation of equipment. For example, cameras were complicated and it took us a long time to learn how to use them. We were using those cameras for the first time hence the challenges. To improve the quality of the film, we hired three people to participate in the filming as cast members. Additional participants added to the workload and we had to take extra time to film each one of them. We took several shots on each location and chose the best because we wanted the film to be of high quality. Successful completion of the film was possible because of the vast knowledge acquired from the course “introduction to media.” I used several concepts acquired from the course to make production decisions. The course that I am currently taking includes topics on the basics of photography and filming. For example, the course teaches how to take different types of shots, how to use different effects to express emotion, how to determine the angle of shooting, and how to vary the angle of shooting to create different effects. Also, I learned the basics of taking good shoots and making quality footage. When we started filming, I knew what I was supposed to do and what I was not supposed to do as the producer. I was given the role of producer because I possessed adequate knowledge of various concepts of film production and photography. Lighting, shooting location, weather, and appearance of participants are important aspects to consider during shooting. I am proud of what I achieved as the producer of the film because despite working under bad weather, we produced a high-quality film. It was not easy to decide whether a shot was good or bad. I relied on knowledge acquired from the course to make such decisions. In addition, it was the first time I participated in shooting a film. Therefore, I lacked the experience and skills to differentiate between a good and a bad shot. However, I used my limited knowledge to choose shots that were appropriate for the film. From the course, I leaned that there are three ways of shooting different scenes to produce different film effects. Types of shots include wide shots, medium shots, and close up shots. Each type of shot captures different elements and themes of the film’s topic. In addition, each shot is determined by the emotion that a producer wishes to convey to viewers. During filming, shots were taken from different angles to improve quality and create different effects. It was my responsibility as the producer to decide whether shots taken were good or bad. I involved other crewmembers in making decisions because I wanted to improve the accuracy of my judgment in making decisions. Knowledge obtained from course material was very helpful in facilitating the production of the film. My main objective after completing the course is to produce a film. The project gave me the adequate experience to enable me to produce an individual film. I have learned several things that will enable me to produce a high-quality film on time. Several things are important to consider while on location to guarantee efficiency and effectiveness of crewmembers and cast. They include proper coordination of participants, speedy decision-making, consultation, and patience. It is necessary to make sure that each crewmember knows his/her role to avoid delays and inconveniences. For example, we spent more time than expected because certain crewmembers were unavailable when needed. It is important to consult other members and seek their opinion regarding the quality of shots taken. I realized that by involving other members, I was able to detect weaknesses that could not have been noticed if I relied on personal judgment alone. The main role of a producer is to determine the quality of shots taken and footage created. Knowledge acquired from the course and experience gained from shooting the film is adequate to enable me to produce a high-quality film. Experience of Making a Film Essay
The University of Texas Legislators and Lobbyists Discussion Questions.

Congressman Ron Wright positions on nursing and healthcare issues. What topics does he lean
towards regarding healthcare, medicine, physicians, and nurses/APRNs?
Do you agree with this and why/why not?Senator Ted Cruz positions on nursing and healthcare issues. What topics does he lean
towards regarding healthcare, medicine, physicians, and nurses/APRNs?
Do you agree with this and why/why not?Senator John Cornyn positions on nursing and healthcare issues. What topics does he lean
towards regarding healthcare, medicine, physicians, and nurses/APRNs?
Do you agree with this and why/why not?2 pgs APA 6th edition format. at least two references not older than 5 years
The University of Texas Legislators and Lobbyists Discussion Questions

Internet Marketing and Business Models Essay

Facebook Advertising Process Social media websites are often utilized for advertising purposes as they are used by billions of representatives of the general public on an everyday basis. Facebook advertising, in particular, is believed to be the best opportunity for business because it is still growing and people spend about an hour surfing it. However, the success of such advertising depends on its proper usage. The creation of unmistakable ads on Facebook should start with the identification of a needed paid adoption. If a business is willing to advertise all its offerings, campaigns should be considered. Ad sets are needed if different products are meant for separate audiences. Finally, separate ads can be developed. Then, the Ads Manager or the Power Editor should be selected as the most appropriate for a particular business editor that is offered by Facebook. An objective of advertising should be created, and the website’s adoptions can be used to simplify this step. A targeted audience should be identified, and details (age, gender, education, home, etc.) added. A daily (spending per day) or a lifetime (spending over a selected time period) budget can be set. The schedule of the way the ad runs can be developed then. It is also possible to set bids and identify the delivery type (standard or accelerated). The next step is finally the very creation of an ad. It is possible to make “a single image ad (Links) or a multi-image ad (Carousel)” to upload assets (Stec). Recommendations considering image and text characteristics are provided. The Facebook Ad Manager or other software should be used to report on the performance. Thus, Facebook advertising appears to be rather simple. The whole process does not take much time and effort as numerous hints and supporting software are provided on the website. Facebook advertising can meet various needs because it offers opportunities for individualized approaches. Internet Business Models When developing a website for business, it is significant to use an appropriate Internet business model because traditional ones fail to meet the needs of online operations and ensure monetization. There are three major online business models that turn out to be the most advantageous currently. The social media model is considered by many businesses because it allows providing clients with online service which is totally free. Selling pay-per-click ads to Internet users, companies benefit greatly because they obtain an opportunity to increase virtual goods sales. Facebook, for instance, manages to generate billions of dollars from advertising. The merchant business model is believed to be the best one because it allows “merchants to grow at an almost unbelievable rate” (Muehlhausen and Monen). Those businesses that utilize it sell their products directly to clients without contacting third parties. For instance, Wal-Mart and Amazon work in this way. Unfortunately, the sales tax may turn out to be a challenge for the future development of a business, but it can be overcome with efficient managing. The subscription model can also be utilized. It presupposes the provision of additional advantages for those clients who pay a fee. This opportunity is rather beneficial because it can be appropriate for different businesses. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The selection of the most appropriate Internet business model also depends on the things a company wants to sell. In this way, it is possible to consider models for 1) physical products; 2) services; 3) digital information products. Thus, developing a website, one can choose the most appropriate model, considering its offerings. Works Cited Muehlhausen, Jim, and Monen Joshua. “Internet Business Models.” Internet Business Models Institute, 2013, Web. Stec, Carly. “How to Create Facebook Ads: A Step-by-Step Guide to Advertising on Facebook.” Hubspot, 2015. Web.

An Analysis Into The Brain Drain Phenomenon Economics Essay

nursing essay writing service For the past 60 years, The Philippines has had a world-leading reputation for preparing highly skilled nurses and healthcare workers for the purpose of exporting to countries in high demand of said services (Brush and Sochalski 2007:37). Simultaneously, the health care shortages in these high-income countries have resulted in “accelerated nurse recruitment, mobility, and migration” (Perrin, Hagopian, Sales and Huang 2007:219); leaving The Philippines itself with a “dangerous shortage” of nurses and healthcare workers (Overland 2005). This phenomenon is often referred to as a “brain drain”: qualified skill leaving its own country. This is a large issue relevant to development as it boasts implications for all parties involved; the country of emigration, the country of immigration, and the correlated healthcare systems as well as economies are all impacted. In connection to development one could also ask, does such mass movement further contribute to the First World’s success and further detriment the struggles of Third World nations? As an undergraduate student, concerns for me could lie in the area of job availability upon completion of school. Will I be competitive in the health care field or will preference be given to the reputably skilled, foreign-trained nurses? Thus, I will argue that although the mass nurse migration occurring in the Philippines is good in many ways, it has significant negative implications for the country; largely pertaining to the labour and employment, trade, and health sectors (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1414). Push and Pull Factors For nurses in The Philippines there are many reasons to leave the country in search of work in higher income countries like Canada and the United States. There are reasons not only to leave the islands (“push” factors) but also reasons to come to North America (“pull” factors). In both instances, factors can be economically related, work related, as well as socio-politically related (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1412). In starting with reasons to leave The Philippines as a qualified nurse, the obvious might pertain to low wages; in a country where the healthcare budgets are minimal, low salary and weak benefits packages are elements that send employees looking elsewhere (Perrin, Hagopian, Sales and Huang 2007:219). On top of this, due to lack of investment in the health care sector, “poorly resourced and unsafe working environments have been identified as key motivators of migration,” (Brush and Sochalski 2007:43). From a logical standpoint, any skilled individual would opt to work in a clean and technologically advanced environment if the opportunity presented itself. Add on the fact that the cleaner and more equipped environment promises more financial benefit? Seems to be a pretty obvious choice, does it not? Tack onto all of this that The Philippines also encompasses a “tight domestic labour market”, and it pushes one into migrant work even further (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1406). In a country where the budget for health care is intolerably low, the wiggle-room for job availability will be correspondingly low too. Despite professional training and high level education, jobs will not be available due to a lack of resources. And this proves true regarding nursing in The Philippines. If one wishes to work domestically and is able to find a job, however, the next push is the current nurse-to-patient ratio. Forty to sixty patients per nurse is a ratio that is dangerous for not only the Filipino society (regarding the lack of care) but is also increasingly dangerous for the nurses themselves (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1414). To be run off of one’s feet, working inhumane hours, and being paid unbearable wages has very minimal appeal to it. Especially when there is a place that entices the workers using quite the opposite strategies…just an ocean away. To pull is defined as to exert a drawing force; to move or go (Dictionary.com). Factors that attract nurses and other Filipino healthcare workers to North America have this exact defined affect. The pull factors: “higher income, better living and working conditions, opportunities to travel and opportunities for skill development and career advancement,” (Perrin, Hagopian, Sales and Huang 2007:220). As with the factors that push nurses away from The Philippines, money seems to be the ultimate regarding the pull that North America has on the migration. It is claimed that nurses can “make in 1 year what it would take over 20 years to earn at home,” if they work overseas (Brush and Sochalski 2007:40). Numerically, it is an average of US$2,040 a year in The Philippines versus the potential of US$48,000 offered in countries abroad (Brush and Sochalski 2007:40). This makes for a financial difference so remarkable that an educated Filipino mother struggling to provide for her children might be seen as foolish to ignore the “fast” money — fast in the grand scale of things. Recruiters are a method used to demonstrate the many better opportunities that can pull nurses to North America (Brush and Sochalski 2007:37); opportunities especially pertaining to job availability and career advancement. In North America, with the aging of the Baby Boomers acting as a key ingredient, a growing need for healthcare has developed. As Brush and Sochalski further explain, our countries have been unable to produce and hold onto sufficient numbers of healthcare worker to fulfill the needs. Because while North America might be pulling nurses from The Philippines and various other nations in, inadvertently, the phenomenon is bilateral (Brush and Sochalski 2007:38). Not only are North American’s not enrolling in nursing programs at the necessary rate, but those who enroll are taking the opportunities to fulfill the needs of other nations with healthcare shortages. The pull of Filipino nurses to North America is so strong, and the benefits seen as so rewarding, even if an individual does not wish to become a nurse, patterns show they are doing so anyway — at large, for economic reasons (Overland 2005). It has been observed that the educated likes of law students or medical students are even switching into nursing (Overland 2005). Martha Overland is even so bold as to say that the numbers prove that “young, talented Filipinos would rather be nurses abroad than doctors at home” (2005). History The Philippines has been a world leader in the equipment of nurses for export since the 1950s (Brush and Sochalski 2007:39). What began as work-exchange programs in the 1940s (Perrin, Hagopian, Sales and Huang 2007:220), resulted in the “overturning of Asian immigration restrictions under the 1952 Immigration and Nationality Act”; encouraging skilled laborers to migrate to specific areas of the United States holding shortages in the labor sector (Brush and Sochalski 2007:39). The work exchange programs became a path that young Filipino women were using to get to North America and therefore “elevate” their lives economically as well as personally (Brush and Sochalski 2007:39). During this era, working overseas was typically seen as a method of advancing training and skills in order to bring the knowledge back to The Philippines and improve the standards of health services domestically (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1408). But the times were changing. As many of the students stayed in the United States as migrant workers, and were thus granted permanent residency (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1408) via the changing immigration laws, The Philippines emphasized the onset of an export-oriented economy (Brush and Sochalski 2007:39). The main commodity? Nurses. The Philippines hailed the nurse migrants as “heroes” for the reason that their remittances were seen as a huge contributor to nation building (Brush and Sochalski 2007:39). In fact, throughout the 1990s “remittances from skilled and professional Filipinos made up 5.2% of the country’s gross national product” (Perrin, Hagopian, Sales and Huang 2007:220); that signifies a large proportion of the nation’s people working out of the country. And, on top of that, a large percentage of GNP being obtained through working abroad as opposed to domestically. Within the past two decades nursing shortages have climbed in North America and the migration of Filipino nurses began as a temporary solution to fill the gaps (Brush and Sochalski 2007:42). The shortages have been observed to be cyclical though and the temporary solution by way of migrating nurses from The Philippines has become a permanent fix (Overland 2005). And this is where the division between positive and negative effects begins to cleave. Good for The Philippines Perhaps the positive implications for The Philippines as a whole are not quite as obvious as the positive implications for each individual nurse who migrates to North America in quest of higher income. As previously discussed within the Push and Pull Factors, migrating to a more developed nation in search of work as a nurse is widely seen as a move that enhances the quality of life for the nurse and his/her family (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1406). Seeing as “one out of every five employed [Filipino] workers is underemployed, underpaid, or employed below his/her full potential,” the opportunity to become employed abroad eases tough conditions and provides work to those seeking jobs (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1407). Dually, whilst of significant economic benefit to the individual involved, the migration of Filipino nurses is of great benefit financially for The Philippines; “These nurses stand to provide substantial remittances to their home countries,” (Brush and Sochalski 2007:44). As touched upon, remittances are an integral part of the Filipino economy. As an example, Marilyn Lorenzo and her team show the recent spike within the last decade to have reached US$ 10.7 billion in the year 2005; of this remittance total, nurses contributed by far the largest portion when all migrant professional workers were taken into account (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1407-1408). The avenue exhibited by The Philippines to gain money via the exportation of nurses as a commodity has become a model by other nations in search of the same thing (Brush and Sochalski 2007:44). The remittances are seen as so very significant to the respective home country that the next significant step could be seen to be the redistribution of said remittances into the domestic health care sector (Brush and Sochalski 2007:42). Negative implications for The Philippines Despite the significant contributions made remittently by Filipino nurses working abroad, The Philippines faces a serious risk to the nation’s health as a result of the mass migration of nurses occurring (Brush and Sochalski 2007:40). The lack of care being received by Filipino’s at home is just one of many negative implications that the “brain drain” has on The Philippines though. The world wide nursing shortage experienced by many developed countries has resulted in what has been dubbed by Brush and Sochalski as provider maldistribution (Brush and Sochalski 2007:37); developing nations, specifically The Philippines, are unprepared to deal with the extreme loss of their nurses to developed countries. As a result, the quality of nursing services received in The Philippines has diminished; the skilled workforce is being lost far faster than replaced (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1409). Via depletion of the pool of senior nurses (those with the most experience and skill), they add, the quality of care received is lesser. In addition, Lorenzo and crew also highlight that this loss requires continual investment in the training of new skilled nurses (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1413). When the nursing migration phenomenon ensued it brought with it an explosion of unregulated nursing schools in an attempt to satisfy the demand (Overland 2005). Because the regulation of these schools was given to the provinces, and there was “no single entity enforcing minimum standards”, the quality of the education received became unacceptably low (Overland 2005). This had a negative implication economically as the institutions cost a lot of money but was also hampering to the reputation of the quality of nurses that The Philippines was producing (Overland 2005). What is also happening with the schools is that the professors and teachers of nursing are also getting caught in the upswing that is migrating to North America; as the faculty members leave too, the demand seems impossible to meet, claims Martha Overland. But, to satisfy the numbers of students who want to become nurses, the requirement that an educator must hold atleast a master’s degree is being overlooked– yet another sacrifice of quality for quantity (Overland 2005). Intranationally, the recruitment of nurses from rural areas of The Philippines into the urban centres (to fill the voids left by those who migrated Westerly) has left the health care service for the people in the countryside in a depleted state (Brush and Sochalski 2007:42). Unstable as it were, the people in the rural Philippines were now even more vulnerable in having to “bear the brunt” of the migration cycle (Brush and Sochalski 2007:40). For small towns that had always been serviced by maybe one nurse and not a single doctor, and had little access to transportation into the city, the people are now cut of their health care resource almost completely. Another grueling thing is that, even if there were enough nurses who remained in The Philippines, the cap placed on budgets is far exceeded by the demand for nurses and their services (Brush and Sochalski 2007:41). Between the closure of hospitals, the low quality of care, and the dropping standards of education, the nurse migration to North America has many negative implications for The Philippines. Analysis Statistics have it that 84.75 percent of employed Filipino nurses work abroad; outside of the borders of The Philippines (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1409). For such a significant percentage of workers, employed in a sector so significant to society, to be working out of the country, one can expect for there to be implications — both positive and negative — involved. In saying this, Morris and Tevaarwerk claim that “truly democratic countries recognize the right of their citizens to seek their fortune wherever they wish” (Morris and Tevaarwerk 2008); in The Philippines case, this rests on the consideration of the fortune that they will in turn benefit from. There are, however, ways that The Philippines could make better effects of the brain drain. One proposed solution is that “healthcare professionals who move to another country would be required to reimburse their country of origin the amount by which their education was subsidized by the state,” (Morris and Tevaarwerk 2008). This would allow for the education and training of more professionals; it could also be potentially beneficial to Canada in that Canadian-trained nurses would have to reimburse Canada if they were to move elsewhere (Morris and Tevaarwerk 2008). This would fall under the category of bilateral negotiations explored by Lorenzo and team; negotiations that benefit both the sending and receiving countries (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1416). Or perhaps another idea: the forging of hospital-to-hospital partnerships between the North and South (Lorenzo, Galvez-Tan, Icamina and Javier 2007:1417). All in all, said by a Filipino himself, “We will always have a brain drain when someone working abroad can earn what it takes five years to make here,” (Overland 2005). Nurses who migrate to North America in search of better opportunities are not concerned with the negative implications it will have for their homeland. All that concerns these individuals is the “bottom line”: there are families to be taken care of. It does not seem so out of the ordinary that qualified and skilled nurses go to the lengths they do to make more money when it is put into this context. If in need, North Americans would be apt to do the same thing. Thus, although there are many good implications of the mass nurse migration from The Philippines to North America, there are also many underlying negative implications for the country.

Religion Sivananda Argument Discussion

Religion Sivananda Argument Discussion.

Make sure you use the two books I have attached and refernce from the two books page numberIn these readings they make very different claims concerning the relationship between the religions of the world. Prothero emphasizes that the major religions of the world are very different from each other, and that those differences matter. According to Prothero, therefore, we should learn about the specifics of each religious tradition so that we can be respectful of those differences. Swami Sivananda, however, believes that when we do study the world religions in-depth, we will see that they are simply different paths to the same destination. Sivananda claims that while there are differences in the details and names they give to the ultimate reality – God, Jesus, Allah, Nirvana, etc. – they are the same in their essentials. What underlies both of these arguments are two different beliefs as to how we should create religious tolerance in the world. Both Prothero and Sivananda want to see people of different (or no) religions respect each other and live peacefully together – they just have very different ideas about how that is possible!For this discussion, I would like you to tell me:1. Which argument do you agree with more? I know that we haven’t studied the religions in-depth yet, so you may change your mind by the end of the course! But do you think that you will find the religions of the world to be very different from each other, or do you think that they will be very similar? 2. If we also want people of different religions to respect each other and live peacefully together (I’m assuming we all want that in this world!) which do you think is more powerful to emphasize? The similarities between religions or the differences? Your initial response must be at least 250 words and include two direct quotations from the readings (along with the page number).
Religion Sivananda Argument Discussion

Goals and Objectives of Systems Analysis and Design

Assignment-1 Q1. Describe what Systems Analysis and design is. What are the major goals and objectives? Answer: Definition: Information System Analysis and Design is method to develop and maintain the system that perform basic business functions. The analysis and design are mainly base on understanding business objectives and processes. Goal: The overall goal of System Analysis is to study procedural components and modules. The goal of System Designis to design whole software, which fulfils all the requirements of customer.This leads to improve organizational systems, by applying software, which helps employees to perform business, tasks more effectively. Example: ‘Banking’– Earlier days all the processes of banks used to done manually or through paper work which was time-consuming. While nowadays with the help of new technology and proper analysis and design, everyone can do banking transactions easily and faster. Objectives: 1) To determine specific needs of system. 2) Discuss approaches and tasks of system. 3) Evaluate tools and techniques. 4) Use appropriate methods and techniques to design software. Q2. Choose three sources of software. Describe the sources and explain why a project might use each source. Answer: The three sources of software are: Information Technology Services Firms, Cloud Computing, Open-Source Software. Information Technology Services Firms: When a company needs information system but does not have enough resources or expertise to develop system on its own and not suitable for off-the-shelf system, Information Technology Service Firms help to develop customized information system. IT service firms helps in developing, hosting and running applications. Firm consultants use many of the same processes, methods, tools and techniques that companies use to develop in-house systems. The examples of such IT firms are IBM, HP, Accenture, Wipro, Infosys and more… REASONS TO CHOOSE Information Technology service Firms: Latest technology can be use through outsourcing company to IT service firms. Internal staff of company may have limited resources available with them while IT service staff can have many multiple resources available which increases Productivity as well as Flexibility. Cloud Computing: Cloud Computing refers to provision of applications where software is license and maintain by third party. Customers can use software through virtual private networks or Internet. Most popular example of cloud computing is Google Apps and Microsoft. Helps in maintaining hardware and software systems more effectively. Data can be retrieve easily through just setting connections to Internet. REASONS TO CHOOSE Cloud Computing: Cost structure of cloud computing is more flexible than traditional methods. Accessing speed of software can be increase. Once storing data/information on cloud server, we can access data from anywhere and at any time. Open-Source Software: The software in which source code is freely available is likely to be termed as OPEN-SOURCE software. Source code of open-source software can be easily modify by anyone. Such software’s are developed and maintain by group of people. REASONS TO CHOOSE Open-Source Software: Open source software can be easily customize as per user requirement. When company faces costs issues in arranging software, Open-Source Software is best option to take. Best example of open source software is Linux and Firewall. Q3. Explain in your own words how you would convince your client to taking on custom software development vs. consider purchasing an off-the-shelf software solution. Answer: Custom Software Development: The software, which is design and develop for some specific purpose for user or company. Off-the-shelf Software: They are the software, which can be purchase and are ready to use for public. E.g. Microsoft Office. Basically, it is a Build or Buy choice for organization (whether to build custom software or to purchase off-the shelf software). No doubt, Off-the-shelf software are initially good in saving time and money but later on they are quite difficult to manage and customize as they are bound with their rigid features while on other hand Custom Software Development requires high cost for the development but at the same time they are more flexible in compare to off-the-shelf software’s as Custom Software’s can be transform as per changing requirements of business or client. Many times, it happens that we have to pay for the features, which are of no use to client or firm in Off-the-shelf software, so instead of paying money for unwanted features it is better to invest that amount in developing Custom Software. Hence, Custom Software is long-term benefit while Off-The-Shelf is short-term benefit. References: Textbook (Essential of System Analysis and Design). Power point slides. LINKS: http://www.corpcomputerservices.com/articles/outsourcing- https://www.headspring.com/blog/2016-03-10/cots-vs-custom-top-5-