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Ethical Dilemmas Of Animal Testing

This report is based on the Literature Review about ethical dilemma that arises over the controversy of using Animals for Testing and Research Studies. We have tried to explain in brief about Animal Testing and discussed broadly with the Ethical Theories that support and argue about the Use of Animals. We have also tried to relate all the ethical dilemma with respect to P

Healthcare Workers’ Legal and Ethical Obligations Essay

Introduction It is imperative that a healthcare institution address issues related to the duty of healthcare professionals during a pandemic crisis. However, this must be done legally through a formal policy. The compelling and threats subjected to the health care professionals during a pandemic outbreak raise some questions about laws or policies governing health care professionals during an outbreak. Discussed here is a proposal of laws that can be applied during a pandemic. Moreover, this proposal includes provisions that can be used by the organization in the employment agreement signed by health care professionals. Since the organization has no laws addressing the discussed issues, the following laws can be applied Employment-related obligation This law implies that a health care professional is mandated to be at the place of work if the employment agreement stipulates so at the time of the pandemic. This means that only health care professionals who are on leave will be protected from the consequences of not working. The Family and Medical Leave Act provides for such a regulation. Besides, the healthcare employees may be restrained from working in pandemic events if the situation endangers their health and if it can cause physical harm or even death. The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) provides these specifications. Contractual obligation law This law should be clear as to whether the health care professional is obligated to be at work during an outbreak of a pandemic. This law is enforced by the principle of the ‘emergency-care responsibility’. This responsibility is assumed and followed as law during emergencies. The termination of this contract can only be done under the notice of some days before the predetermined time. Federal statutes The employer needs to take into account the federal statutes associated with healthcare during a pandemic event. These statutes should be included in the employment contract, to which healthcare employees must be a signatory. Some of these statutes include the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA). The above laws are applicable in the employment agreements. However, organizations can ensure that the following provisions are used to ensure the effectiveness of the laws. Assumption of risk: the laws should be formed under the assumption of risk. The law assumes that health care professionals are fully aware of the risks associated with the pandemic. Social contract: The laws recognize that health care practitioners are socially obligated to offer their services and skills for the promotion of health in society. Special skills: The law recognizes that health care practitioners have special skills and require the enhancement of their skills in addressing pandemics. Preferential treatment: Society should accord special treatment to the healthcare practitioners by giving them access to amenities and facilities that require immediate provision. Positive incentives: The laws require all healthcare workers to be awarded for their service in preventing and treating infectious diseases. Liability protection: The laws should ensure that health care workers are protected from liability on decisions made during the pandemic period. Healthcare works duty to work in a pandemic situation should be guided by the following moral principles Beneficence This implies that health care workers are obliged to be ready to serve and act for the benefit of the patient with infectious disease. Justice This principle expects the health care workers to practice justice to all patients regardless of disability, age, sex, and social status. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Society owes the health care workers who assume high risks through the following Better salaries Health care workers risk their lives for others and so they should receive financial awards. State protection The society through the federal government should protect volunteers and health care workers from unpredicted crime repercussions. Minimal risk and amenities The society through healthcare policymakers should reduce risks by giving workers protective masks and respirators.

Reflection on Inappropriate Phone Use in Lesson

best essay writers 1 Background The lesson was teaching year 11 students and then allowing them time to implement the new skills into their coursework. On the day in question I revisited applying transitions in Flash as a starter and then students were to carry on building their 30 second animation. Students had been finding this challenging, especially when dealing with multiple layers; therefore I spent a lot of time going around helping with problems. 2 Incident Whilst bending over I saw a flash out of the corner of my eye, immediately I turned around to see what had happened, assuming someone had used a phone camera. I was somewhat shocked to see a girl with a camera in her hand, and then she proceeded to take my picture. Asking her what she was doing she said as they were leaving soon she was taking pictures of her friends. I told her it was unacceptable in lesson in the first place and that she had no right to take my picture. At this point I made her delete the picture in front of me and show all images on the camera to check she had not taken any others surreptitiously of me or any other staff. I then asked her to switch it off and give it to me. As this was a major incident my mentor then took her out of the room to chastise her, there had already been a case of the school requesting a Facebook site being removed as it was defamatory to teachers in the school. 3 Reflection I was pleased in the first instance that I dealt with it effectively and positively, this was reinforced by the fact that my mentor did not intervene immediately but let me deal with the initial incident. 3.1 Technology Pupils today have an increasing amount of technology available to them and can disrupt classes. These can vary from listening to music on MP3 devices to telephones and even cameras. This can result in class disruption when students use these devices in class. My placement has a policy of allowing phones and music devices, resulting in policing the classroom for people using devices and confiscation on the second warning. The school where I am an instructor has a zero tolerance not allowing devices, stating they could be stolen and there is always a school phone available. It would be unrealistic to assume no student has a phone, but with stringent punishments you never see one, allowing me to give more time to teaching. Whilst Alan Steer talks about the possibility of confiscation of phones, ‘The backing which the law now provides to school staff who confiscate items such as mobile phones from pupils if they are being used inappropriately, or maliciously.’ Behaviour Standards in our Schools – Section 6, page 9, Steer Report (2010) It does help teachers if something malicious is happening, it does not help in the case of general disruption, and it would be difficult when school policy allows students to carry phones to say using a phone is malicious. It is evident that schools need to be aware of technology and its capabilities before students are. This is a problem given that the age group that are the most receptive to technology so are in fact likely to be always pushing the boundaries. This is supported by Steve Nadia in his findings and reported on the Riggs Institute website, he who says that a child’s brain burns far more glucose below sixteen years of age than an adult does. This results in far greater brain activity and there is a general consensus that children are far more at ease with technology than older people, 3.2 Bullying Modern technology allows different forms bullying, traditional types are taken to a newer level happy slapping being posted on Youtube for the world to see. Cyber bullying is done without the perpetrator seeing the result as it is done remotely in the form of texts and postings on social networking sites. Whilst Capel et al (page 140, 2009) discusses teachers having a duty to tackle bullying and the ‘pack entitled Bullying: Don’t Suffer in Silence (including a video amed at pupils)(DCSF, 2008c)’ All of these reports only assume children are the victims of bullying which is untrue. ‘It found that one in seven teachers have been cyber bullied and of those, 68% had received unpleasant emails, 26% had been the subject of abuse on websites and 28% had received abusive text messages.’ Teaching Times [Online] This type of bullying is also reported by The Telegraph [Online] on 25th June 2008 about school boys bullying their teacher, also describing other instances of adults and students being bullied. There is another report by The Telegraph [Online] on 10th January 2009 reporting of exclusions of pupils for bullying a teacher. Some argue that not seeing the victim makes it seem like a lesser crime and that the bully is unlikely to show remorse for exactly the same reasons. This explains reasons for cyber bullying and it’s increase, unfortunately the The Teaching The Bristol Guide, something I find invaluable also tends to address issues of the students and nothing regarding duty of care to the teachers. 3.3 Policies Whilst policies are in place this does not stop things happening, it only allows the use of sanctions against perpetrators. Policies need to be updated regularly in the case of modern technology, looking at them yearly and updating them is not necessarily enough regarding the use of the Internet. They need updating as soon as new possibilities of breaching them arise and staff should to be proactive in this. It seems hard to believe but in the last decade the teaching profession has had to deal with the advent of the first mass produced affordable camera phones according to P C World [online], backed up by another article on Wikipedia. Since then there has been video phones, and smart phones allowing immediate postings to the Internet. There has over the last decade also been a boom in social networking sites with the main ones being, Facebook, Twitter, Bebo, My Space and Windows Live Spaces. With each new technology becomes new ways to circumvent the rules, therefore the need for fore thinking policy writing in this area is paramount. 4 Conclusion I have learnt several things from this incident and my reflection, whilst teaching a modern technology, I realise that devices students bring can disrupt and slow the pace of the lesson. There is difficulty in policing student use of devices i.e. you can confiscate phones being used maliciously immediately (Steer), otherwise it requires warning slowing down the lesson and learning. Therefore operating a total ban on phones removes the temptation of use to students and effectively increases the learning experience. Students are easily able to create sites defamatory to school staff on social networking sites. It needs someone to find them and then ask the social networking site to remove it, although it may be possible to sue the person posting material for defamation of character, it could in reality be difficult. The onus is on the victim to find the offending publication as the Website has no legal obligation to vet material posted. You tube has been in trouble regarding the posting of copyrighted material, first highlighted by Tim Webber (BBC [online] 10th October 2006). Since then there has been a high profile case brought by Viacom as reported by Bobbie Johnson ( [online] 4th July 2008), this was to as You tube owners Google to give names and IP addresses of people submitting copyrighted work to allow Google to prosecute the perpetrators. The case never came to court in fact in a blaze of publicity on July 23rd it was thrown out of court as reported by Erick Schonfeld (TechCrunch), as a landmark case it was reported in many technical publications another reporter being Janko Roettgers (Gigaom). Whilst there is no rules for Inernet companies to vet postings it will always be harder for schools to find defamatory sites, and probably the best way is for teachers to be vigilant and listen for talk of possible sites when on duty in the playground etc. Freedom of speech is an issue that could be used against taking down of defamatory sites, as long as the site does not slander teachers it would be argued that students have a right to comment on teacher’s performance in the same way as they might in the playground. Of course there are other implications, whilst a comment made at school may only reach several hundred as stories are passed on to friends, parents and other adults, once published on the web it is available to be seen by millions of people. Bibliography References Books Simmons C and Hawkins C, Teaching ICT, Developing as a Reflective Teacher, Sage Publications, 2009. Capel S, Leask Mand Turner T, Learning to Teach in the Secondary School – A Companion to School Experience, 5th Edition, 2009. Kennewell S, Parkinson J and Tanner H, Learning to Teach ICT in the Secondary School – A Companion to School Experience, Routledge Falmer, 2007. Online Camera phones

IDS 402 Southern New Hampshire University Modern Family Series Discussion

IDS 402 Southern New Hampshire University Modern Family Series Discussion.

Review the module resources and overview, then select a popular culture example. (It can be a television show, a commercial, a game, a movie, etc.) Analyze the representation and social message that is associated with the example. If you like, you can select a particular episode of a show.In your initial post, briefly describe the popular culture example you selected and address the following:Share a link and/or summarize your topic so that we all have enough information to understand your discussion even if we are unfamiliar with the example.Discuss how your example relates to the concept of wellness as defined in this course and how it relates to specific challenges or supports of wellness.What are the social implications of this message? Briefly discuss any potential social impact or response to the example.Module resource Link…pw: Coachgal!42
IDS 402 Southern New Hampshire University Modern Family Series Discussion

Economics homework help

Economics homework help. I need a 150-word reply to each of the following two forum post made by my classmates:Forum #1[1]The current design of my job is more of a mix between idiosyncratic deals and the bottoms-up approach. As an educator you have more room to define and create your own job boundaries in the sense of how to guide the curriculum. Obviously, there are set standards that must be met, but it?s up to my discretion on how to implement designed lessons to better meet the needs of my particular students.If the opportunity arose to utilize more of an idiosyncratic deal (i-deals) approach to redesign my job, I believe it would be a little difficult to say. At my current job I already have a lot of flexibility in my schedule and numerous opportunities for career development. In the text it discusses i-deals as the process by which employees and managers negotiate tasks completed by employees. (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2013) Though this is a current aspect within my building to a certain extent. At the beginning of the year teachers within my building sit down with our principal and ?negotiate? the goals in which we will meet each year, by providing evidence/data to support these goals. These goals can be anything from academic goals for students, teaching styles, and so on.As for how to make my job more motivating, is kind of a catch twenty-two. You can always provide incentives and rewards for teachers, but if you begin to provide these you may come across individuals who cheat the system if you will. You don?t want a teacher trying to cheat the system to earn additional rewards/incentives when it comes to children?s education. Our students are our priority and our goal is to educate them to our fullest capability in the limited time we have with them. Though I believe teachers would love to have additional rewards/incentives it becomes challenging to provide such. I believe student rewards/incentives would be more justifiable in an educational setting.As far as feedback goes, teachers are constantly observed by a variety of people ranging from the principals, instructional coaches, and superintendents. We are given positive feedback almost immediately to help guide our instruction and techniques in our everyday classroom. This is similar to in the classroom as well teachers give immediate feedback to students to help guide instruction and further enhance the learning objectives.The theories I reviewed in the text were that of Maslow?s, Alderfer?s, and McClelland?s need theories. Maslow proposed that motivation is a function of five basic needs arranged in a prepotent hierarchy. (Maslow,1943) Though Alderfer discussed that there were three core needs to explain behavior?existence, relatedness, and growth. He proposed that more than one need can be activated at a time and frustration of higher-order needs can influence the desire for lower-level needs. (Alderfer, 1972) While on the other hand McClelland proposed that motivation and performance vary according to the strength of an individual?s need for achievement. (McClelland,1993)Kreitner, R., & Kinicki, A. (Eds.). (2013). Motivating employees through job design.ÿOrganizational Behaviorÿ(10 ed.). Retrieved from GCU LibraryForum #2[2]As discussed in our reading this week, many successful people have one thing in common; their lives are centered around goalsÿ(Kreitner & Kinicki, 2013, p. 221). ÿIf we do not challenge ourselves to establishÿshort and long-term goals, there is virtually no way to measure the effectiveness of our daily endeavors. ÿGoals can vary in complexityÿbut in order to accomplish life?s toughest obstacles, difficult goals must be set and the objectives to accomplish these goals must be understood. ÿExpectancy theory has challenged the notion of difficult goals however,ÿand underÿthe expectancy theory, it is believed that people are more motivated to behave in ways that produce valueÿoutcomesÿ(Kreitner & Kinicki, 2013, p. 219). ÿUnder Vroom?s Expectancy Theory, one would argue that the level of motivation and behavior that an individual displays in anyÿgiven situation is predictableÿas long as there are multiple ways to accomplish the tasks at hand. ÿAn example of the VroomÿExpectancy Theory that I can relate to in my professional life is when I started with my organization a few years ago and changed the way that we approach water meter replacements. ÿPrior to my arrival, water meter replacements were solely based on the age of the meter. ÿTechnicians were tasked with replacingÿ5,000 water meters per year. ÿAfter my arrival, we changed to an age and consumption based replacement program. ÿThe age of a water meter does not matter as much as how much water has flowed through the meter. ÿMeters have internal components that break down over time as a result of excessive use. ÿWhen meters start to fail, the fail in favor of the customer since the meter is less accurate. ÿSince a utility must pay to treat every single gallon of water that it produces, the goal for unaccounted water loss is 10% or less. ÿOur agency was right at 10% when I arrived and two years later, we are at 7.5% which is consideredÿlow for the industry. ÿThe lower the percentage, the higher the revenue for the utility. ÿAs a utility, we challenged the mindset and philosophyÿtowards meter replacements. ÿWe stillÿcontinue to replace 5,000 water meters per year but the meters that we are now replacing are the meters that were more prone to failure. ÿBy using the traits of the expectancy theory, we were able to accomplish the same annual result of replacing water meters and additionally increasedÿthe amount of loss revenue due to old antiquated water meters. ÿReferencesKreitner, R., & Kinicki, A. (Eds.). (2013). Motivation through goal setting. Organizational Behavior (10 ed., pp. 207-208). Retrieved from GCU Library[1] Original Forum Question Was: ÿWhat is the current design of your job? Assume that the opportunity arose for you to utilize the idiosyncratic deals (i-deals) in redesigning your job. What would you do to make your job inherently more motivating? How would you design the feedback and reward systems in the new job? Be sure to include comments on two content theories and two process theories and highlight the significance of each theory.[2] Original Forum Question was: Goal setting research suggests that people should be given difficult goals. Provide an explanation that reconciles this research finding with expectancy theory. Use a practical example (preferably work related) to illustrate this.Economics homework help