#1 discussion: Technology and Our Relationships After completing your reading in Turkle (Two Chairs: Family, Friendship & Romance, pgs. 103-207), answer the following: 1. What is technology doing to communication within families? 2. How is technology influencing friendship? Is friendship still based on conversation? 3. How is communication in romance and dating changing due to technology?Be sure to ground your responses in the text, using MLA format and quotes, and for full points, connect to a source outside the text, either another one of your reads, our reading together, or talks you’ve listened to this term. No later than Thursday at 11:59 pm: Respond to a minimum of two classmates, connecting and building upon what they have said, and for full points, point out a connection to another source. ______________________________________# Assignment -Final Essay This is worth a lot of my grade Reading/Annotation: Reclaiming Conversation, Sherry Turkle, “Two Chairs: Family, Friendship, Romance” (pgs 103-207) (also include a min of 10 sources, and a min of 8 pages) ( Doubled Space , MLA Format )_____________________________________ Please Ask your self these questions Find your main point.What are you trying to say in the paper? In other words, try to summarize your thesis, or main point, and the evidence you are using to support that point. Try to imagine that this paper belongs to someone else.Does the paper have a clear thesis? Do readers know what the paper is going to be about and the specific points you will make after reading the introduction?Identify your readers and your purpose.What are you trying to do in the paper? In other words, are you trying to argue with the reading, to analyze the reading, to evaluate the reading, to apply the reading to another situation, or to accomplish another goal?Evaluate your evidence.Does the body of your paper support your thesis? (Do your main points directly support your thesis?Do you offer enough evidence to support your claim?In using quotations from the text as evidence, did you cite them properly? Save only the good pieces.Do all of the ideas relate back to the thesis? Is there anything that doesn’t seem to fit? If so, you either need to change your thesis to reflect the idea or cut the idea. What parts can you eliminate?Tighten and clean up your language.Do all of the ideas in the paper make sense? Are there unclear or confusing ideas or sentences? Read your paper out loud and listen for awkward pauses and unclear ideas. Cut out extra words, vagueness, and misused words. Eliminate mistakes in grammar and usage.Do you see any problems with grammar, punctuation, or spelling? If you think something is wrong, you should make a note of it, even if you don’t know how to fix it. You can always talk to a Writing Lab tutor about how to correct errors. Switch from writer-centered to reader-centered. (This section should be several paragraphs in length/response. Make sure you are addressing all parts of this question in your response).Try to detach yourself from what you’ve written; pretend that you are reviewing someone else’s work. What would you say is the most successful part of your paper? Why? How could this part be made even better? What would you say is the least successful part of your paper? Why? How could this part be improved?
ENGL 1A City College of San Francisco Technology and Our Relationships Discussion
I’m working on a nursing writing question and need a sample draft to help me learn.
Write a 6-8-page evaluation of key aspects of a population-based health concern, including your selection of members to form an interprofessional, collaborative coalition to achieve the stated goal.Resolving population health concerns requires the combined efforts of numerous agencies and individuals to address the Triple Aim of improving the patient experience, improving the health of populations, and reducing costs. This requires an interprofessional and collaborative effort to address the complex factors at the individual, organizational, community, and policy levels associated with the multiple factors affecting the health and well-being of our communities (Graffunder, Sakurada, & Nordisk, 2016).As a scholar-practitioner in the field, you may be expected to develop and lead a diverse team of health care professionals, civic leaders, community stakeholders, constituents, community members, other interested parties, and city, state, and government agencies in addressing a wide range of issues affecting the health of diverse groups.This assessment provides an opportunity for you to apply your leadership skills to form a collaborative, interprofessional coalition to address a population-based health concern from a nursing, public health, or health administration perspective.ReferenceGraffunder, C., Sakurada, B., & Nordisk, N. (2016). Preparing health care and public health professionals for team performance: The community as the classroom. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine.ScenarioGovernment officials are taking action to address a chronic population health concern in your area. As a member of this community, you have a good understanding of the local demographics and population health issues, including the potential implications for policy making, health care systems, service utilization, clinical practice, education, and the workforce. In your role as a doctoral graduate and health care practitioner, you have been asked to:Evaluate key aspects (including the social determinants of health) of the selected population health issue from the topic list.Lead an interprofessional team of your choosing (a coalition of community members and organizations, clinical providers, health care organizations, and civic and governmental agencies), to achieve the coalition’s goal(s), which may include prevention efforts, quality improvement, service utilization, and the reduction of health care costs. This leadership position requires the ability to promote prevention efforts, quality improvement, service utilization and the reduction of health care costs, as well as skills in the following areas:Effective and ethical leadership.Interprofessional communication.Collaboration, inclusion, and applying new and existing knowledge to solve problems and inform decision making.PreparationFor this assessment, you will select one of these topics to address in the given scenario:Topics for the paper: Demonstrating Effective LeadershipHealth Disparities/Social Determinants of Health: Focus on vulnerable or high risk groups and on decreasing disparities between groups. You can select a specific group with a focus on the person’s experience of care, services, and resources (quality and satisfaction), improving the health of the population, and reducing per capita cost. This will be the focus for the coalition.Pandemic, e.g., COVID-19: Focus on a vulnerable or high risk group related to population health, including the person’s experience of care, services and resources (quality and satisfaction), improving the health of the population, and reducing per capita cost. This will be the focus for the coalition.Asthma and Children: Focus on a vulnerable or high risk group including the person’s experience of care, services and resources (quality and satisfaction), improving the health of the population, and reducing per capita cost. This will be the focus for the coalition.Opioid Addiction: Focus on a vulnerable or high risk group including the person’s experience of care, services, and resources (quality and satisfaction), improving the health of the population, and reducing per capita cost. This will be the focus for the coalition.Obesity: Focus on a vulnerable or high risk group including the person’s experience of care, services, and resources (quality and satisfaction), improving the health of the population, and reducing per capita cost. This will be the focus for the coalition.Note: Remember that you can submit all, or a portion of, your draft plan to Smarthinking Tutoring for feedback, before you submit the final version for this assessment. If you plan on using this free service, be mindful of the turnaround time of 24–48 hours for receiving feedback.InstructionsEvaluate key aspects of a chronic population health concern. In addition, select members for a collaborative, interprofessional coalition that you would lead to achieve the stated goal. Coalition membership can include, but is not limited to, key community members and organizations, clinical providers, and local and state agencies.Example Assessment: You may use the following to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like:Assessment 1 Example [PDF].Document Format and LengthFormat your paper using APA style.Use the APA Style Paper Tutorial [DOCX] to help you in writing and formatting your paper. Be sure to include:A title page and references page. An abstract is not required.A running head on all pages.Appropriate section headings.Your paper should be 6–8 pages in length, not including the title page and references page.Supporting EvidenceCite 4–5 credible sources from peer-reviewed journals, other scholarly resources, professional industry publications, and assigned readings to support your case assessments and recommendations.Assessment GradingThe assessment requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide, so be sure to address each of the seven main tasks. Read the performance-level descriptions for each criterion in the scoring guide to see how your work will be evaluated.Analyze the impact of factors that contribute to this chronic population health concern.Examine the situation from a population health perspective.Provide context surrounding this concern.Identify the affected groups, and the environmental, social, and financial factors.Form a collaborative, interprofessional coalition to address this chronic population health concern.Consider, among others, key community members and organizations, clinical providers, and local and state agencies when making your selections.Select 5–10 members.Who must be included?Why?How will member selection contribute to the goal?What potential issues might arise affecting interprofessional collaboration?What strategies are needed to optimize collaboration and communication among coalition members?Explain potential ethical issues that might be relevant for the coalition to consider in addressing its mission.Consider access to care, financial barriers, environmental constraints, and the distribution of resources.Explain how ethical principles would apply in particular situations on a micro or meso level.Micro level: individual care encounters.Meso level: how systems are organized to deliver and ensure quality care for patients and populations (Ho & Pinney, 2016).Consider ethical codes of conduct applicable across disciplines represented in your coalition.What evidence supports your conclusions?Explain the principles of diversity and inclusion applicable to the formation of your coalition and its interactions with the community.Consider the impact of a diverse team on achieving coalition goals.How would you work within the coalition to establish a culture of inclusion, respect, and value?How would you promote community engagement, cultural awareness, health equity, and access to resources? Resources can include, but are not limited to medications, transportation, and environmental resources.What are some best practices for interprofessional communication for this group?What evidence supports your conclusions?Explain how literature and research in the field can be used to develop best practices for addressing this chronic population health concern.Locate two current, peer-reviewed studies that coalition members should consider as foundational to developing an evidence-based intervention for the situation.Briefly explain how each study is relevant to the chronic population health concern.Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions.Proofread your writing to avoid errors that could distract readers and make it more difficult for them to focus on the substance of your evaluation.Apply APA style and formatting to scholarly writing.Apply correct APA-formatting to your document, including headers, headings, spacing, and margins.Apply correct APA-formatting to all source citations.Portfolio Prompt: You may choose to save your evaluation to your ePortfolio.ReferencesGraffunder, C., Sakurada, B., & Nordisk, N. (2016). Preparing health care and public health professionals for team performance: The community as the classroom. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine. doi: https://doi.org/10.31478/201604bHo, A., & Pinney, S. (2016). Redefining ethical leadership in a 21st-century healthcare system. Healthcare Management Forum, 29(1), 39–42.Competencies MeasuredBy successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:Competency 1: Apply interprofessional collaboration, communication, and leadership best practices to advance population health.Analyze the impact of factors that contribute to a chronic population health concern.Form a collaborative, interprofessional coalition to address a chronic population health concern.Competency 2: Apply professional ethics and the principles of diversity and inclusion to advance population health.Explain potential ethical issues that might be relevant for a health care coalition to consider in addressing its mission.Explain the principles of diversity and inclusion applicable to the formation of a health care coalition and its interactions with the community.Competency 3: Explain how scholar-practitioners function as leaders in the field of health care.Explain how literature and research in the field can be used to develop best practices for addressing a chronic population health concern.Competency 4: Produce written work that demonstrates critical thinking and application of knowledge, in accordance with Capella’s writing standards.Organize content so ideas flow logically with smooth transitions.Apply APA style and formatting to scholarly writing.
NHS FPX 8002 Capella University Health Disparities Paper
Theology of Christian Marriage in “The Four Loves” by Lewis C.S. Essay
Table of Contents Introduction Discussion Conclusion References Introduction Love has been a fountain of inspiration for many poets, writers, musicians, and artists. Its many aspects, facets, interpretation, and forms of expression have been painted, acted upon, portrayed, and re-portrayed in many forms of arts, visual and performing. It has been written about endlessly. Love has been connected closely with relationships, as love seems to exist always between two or more individuals. However, Love is a much-abused term in the modern context as most ordinary people easily use it in their day-to-day interaction without having to fully understand what it encompasses, or means. But technically, the word has evolved to mean a lot of things, and surprisingly, Lewis has also warned of its evil implications. This paper shall try to explore the purpose of Lewis in defining four loves, as well as delineate personal or modern individual’s understanding of love, specifically eros and the others. Discussion Visher (2003) pointed out that while the past eras have looked upon religion as the common framework under which everyday existence proceeds, local and international laws have long replaced this role. And as many schools of thought have emerged as to how people should regard and behave their fellow humans, Lewi’s book has maintained a Christian view on the various forms of love as ways in giving and showing what we have for others. The Four Loves explores the nature of love from a Christian perspective through thought experiments and examples from literature wherein the “need-love” seen in a child for its mother, and the gift-love as exemplified by God’s love for humanity were Lewis’ jumping point. These basic categorizations of love, Lewis proposed, are more complicated than they seem, formulating the foundation of his topic that “the highest does not stand without the lowest”. Lewis explores the nature of pleasure and then divides love into four categories, based in part on the four Greek words for love: affection, friendship, eros, and charity. Based on the Greek word “storge”, affection according to Lewis is fondness through familiarity common between family members or people that have been together by chance for quite a period. Primate acts found between mother and infant are explored that include sucking, licking, cuddling, among others. Affection is described as the most natural, emotive, and widely diffused among the four loves as it exists without being forced or coerced. It is emotive and the result of fondness due to familiarity. This kind of love is characteristic of being able to transcend the most discriminating factors and does not concentrate or even notice that which could be valuable or worthy of love. Nevertheless, this affection’s strength is also its weakness as it appears to be built-in or ready-made wherein people end up expecting or demanding affection from other/s that somehow blurs situations. The Greek philia or friendship, according to Lewis is a kind of love that bonds people who share a common interest or activity although Lewis proposed that friendship is narrower than mere companionship. Lewis contends that friendship exists only if there is something for the friendship to be about. Lewis believes it is the least natural of loves as it is not biologically necessary such as affection for rearing a child, eros for creating a child, or charity for providing for a child. Likewise, it has the least association with impulse or emotion although it is looked upon as most admirable looking at the bond on how or why the friendship was created freeing the participants from self-consciousness. It is also beyond jealousy because the participants in friendship look beyond or above themselves and welcome those looking for the same. Friendships weigh in civilization value, according to Lewis, which could be of monumental importance to society as many advances in society may never have been embarked upon without friendship to blunt the loneliness. Nevertheless, exclusivity among friends may ignore calls outside the group and could impact worse scenarios. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In Kant’s lectures, he discusses the choices man makes concerning Friendship. He writes “…But if everyone cared only for himself and never troubled about anyone else, there would be no friendship. The two things must, therefore, be combined. Man cares for his own happiness and for that of others also… if I choose only friendship then my happiness would suffer…” Kant paints a picture of a struggle many of us endure when considering friendship against self-happiness. In another view, Lewis wrote “…The rest of us know that though we can have erotic love and friendship for the same person yet in some ways nothing is less like a Friendship than a love-affair. Lovers are always talking to one another about their love; Friends face to face, absorbed in each other; Friends, side by side, absorbed in some common interest.” On another hand, eros or love in the sense of being in love has been differentiated by Lewis against sexuality and he discussed sexual activity as well as spiritual significance in Christian and pagan understanding. Lewis identified eros as indifferent and still positive in the sense that it promotes appreciation of the beloved regardless of any pleasure that can be obtained from them. However, Lewis warned that blind devotion may occur pointing out that many of history’s abominable events are rooted in blind devotion, thereby proposing that love must be kept from being evil by not elevating it to the status of a god. The Greek “agape” or charity refers to the unconditional love given to another which is not dependent on any good or positive, worthy qualities that the object of love possesses. Agape love cares regardless of circumstances and Lewis recognizes agape as the greatest of all loves. He then regards agape as a Christian virtue. He proposed that there is a need of subordinating the natural loves to the love of God, stating among others that God, “…is so full, in fact, that it overflows, and He can’t help but love us.” In this chapter, Lewis compares agape love with a garden where charity is as the gardening utensils, the lover is the gardener, and God is the elements of nature. However, Lewis recommended that those who practice charity must not flaunt and warp this pure love as he quoted Matthew 6:3 on giving, “…when you give to someone, don’t tell your left hand what your right hand is doing.” In comparison to other common notions about love, we may refer to Aristotle who pointed out that “As has been said, there are three kinds of philia, according to virtue, utility, and pleasure, and these in turn are divided into two, the one set according to equality, the other according to surplus. Both sets are philiai, but friends [philoi] are those according to equality; for it would be absurd for a father to be a friend [philos] to his child, but of course he loves [philei] him and is loved [philei] by him,” (Pakaluk, 1995). Likewise, Greek friendship, has conceptions under three main head of circles: the family, fellow-citizens and “the third main group of philoi” which “approximates most closely to modern conceptions of a friend,” (Blundell, 1989) although Strauss (1986) pointed out that “Friendship was of fundamental importance in Athenian society. Second only to parent-child and kinship ties in the intensity of its obligations, friendship is central to the thought of many ancient Greek writers.” In addition, Fisher (1976) wrote that “Linguistically, the most general word for what belongs to a person, in his group or on his side, is philos or the noun philia, which we usually translate ‘friend’, but which, when applied to persons, systematically spans both kin and non-kin, those with whom one has links of mutual aid and benevolence.” It has also been observed in Aristotle’s treatise that “Religious societies, familial bonds, affinities among travelers, civility among citizens, arrangements of hospitality, and tacit contractual agreements — all these are woven into his account of friendship,” ( Pakaluk, 1991, xiv). Lewis’s book may be comparable to Soble’s (1989) book which encompassed major traditions in the philosophy of love from Platonic eros, Christian agape to Aristotelian philia. Soble proposed that while eros is acquisitive, egocentric to the point of being selfish, un-constant, and unfaithful, agape on the other is giving love, unwavering despite ingratitude, and creates value in its object. Eros is an ascending love and agape descending, of which Soble suggested that philia is everything between eros and agape. We will write a custom Essay on Theology of Christian Marriage in “The Four Loves” by Lewis C.S. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On another note, it is indicated that love is difficult to explain as the word refers to many different things. However, love is often framed in the Greek love words – eros, philia, and agape and Soble maintains that the general characterization of eros-style’ love arises in this way that X loves Y because Y has attractive or valuable qualities. On another hand, Agape-style’ love is understood as X loving Y independently of Y’s value offering formulations of the theories of eros, agape, and philia explaining generally what these love types might mean for the contemporary period. Conclusion Since its publication, Lewis’s book has garnered the acceptance of Christians of various affiliations for championing agape, the love characteristic of God’s giving. The book could be another worthy addition to the Bible as it promotes giving, understanding, and unconditional positive relations among individuals. Lewis’s description of the four types of love is somewhat not in congruence with what is popular among contemporary modern individuals, culturally speaking. One solid example could be the line, “I want to make love…” which is purely physical or sexual, and not at all related to what Lewis has discussed. But Lewis successfully delineated the various connotations with “love” in general and in particular. As for its contemporary use, the book of Lewis needs to encompass a more recent context of love as it has evolved in ways that were far different than when the book was written. Theoretically, though, it is as practical as any good book on relationships when it comes to understanding the many kinds of relationships that humans or individuals engage in. The book could guide the reader towards a proper perspective of what he or she is into. References Fisher, N.R.E. (1976). “Introduction.” Social Values in Classical Athens (ed. NRE Fisher), 1-45. Dent. Konstan, David. (1996). “Greek Friendship.” The American Journal of Philosophy 117 (1), 71-94. Lewis, C.S. (1971). The Four Loves. Harvest Books. Pakaluk, Michael (1991) Other Selves – Philosophers on Friendship: an anthology. Hackett Publishing Company. Pakaluk, Michael (1995). “Aristotle and the Perfect Life by Anthony Kenny” A Review. Ancient Philosophy 15, 233-245. Not sure if you can write a paper on Theology of Christian Marriage in “The Four Loves” by Lewis C.S. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Soble, Alan (1989). Eros, Agape, and Philia. Paragon House. Strauss, Barry. (!986). Athens after the Peloponnesian War: Class, Faction and Policy 403-386 B.C. London: Croon Helm. Vischer, Robert (2003). “Heretics in the Temple of Law: The Promise and Peril of the Religious Lawyering Movement.” Journal of Law and Religion 19 (2), 427-490.
Finance Major Assignment- investing a stock
online assignment help Finance Major Assignment- investing a stock.
6-10 pages. MIN 6. MAX 10. You are a newly hired financial analyst for a mutual fund called Wealth Grower. Your fund manager wants to invest in a stock from the S&P500 Index but needs you to do some research and then ultimately make a recommendation on whether this stock is appropriate to invest in or not. Write a report to your fund manager answering Sections A to D, which includes a final recommendation. Section A: [15 marks] 1. Select a publicly listed company from the S&P500 Index that has at least 10 years of dividend history (Coca-Cola is NOT allowed because it has been used throughout this course as the example company). Justify your choice. 2. Create a table of the chosen company’s current “stock quote” with the following characteristics: 1) Current Price 2) Market Cap 3) Beta 4) PE Ratio 5) EPS 6) Earnings Date 7) Forward Dividend and Yield 8) Ex-Dividend Date. Interpret and briefly explain each characteristic from this table. 3. List the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) sector, industry, and sub-industry for your chosen company. List one other public company that is in the same sub-industry as your chosen company and briefly describe its operations. Section B: [25 marks] 4. Find the annual returns for the S&P500 Index from 1990-2019. Calculate both the arithmetic and geometric average annual return and standard deviation of annual returns over this time period. 5. List the current U.S. Treasury Bill rates of these maturities: the 1-year, 5-year, 10-year, and 20-year. List the current Moody’s Seasoned Aaa Corporate Bond rate, which is a bond index for the highest grade corporate bonds. 6. Using the CAPM, calculate the required rate of return of your company using all the different rates identified in part (5) as proxies for the risk-free rate. Use your annual return calculations from part (4) as the expected market return. Present your results in a table. 7. Calculate the annual returns of your chosen company from 2011-2019. Be consistent with dividend timing. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric average annual return and standard deviation of annual returns from 2011-2019. Interpret these numbers. 8. Compare the results from part (7) with the average annual returns and standard deviations for the S&P500 Index. Discuss and relate this to the chosen company’s beta. Section C: [25 marks] 9. Estimate the growth rate of your chosen company in the following three ways: a. Calculate the annual growth rate for dividends from 2011-2019. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric average annual growth rate of dividends from 2011-2019. b. Calculate the annual growth rate of net income from 2011-2019. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric average annual growth rate of net income from 2011-2019. c. Use the formula g = b * ROE using the financial statements in 2019. 10. Using the Gordon Growth Model and the 1-year forward dividend estimate, calculate the intrinsic value of your chosen company. Use an appropriate required rate of return and growth rate. Justify your choices and all your assumptions. Section D: [25 marks] 11. Using the analysis from Sections A-C, make a detailed recommendation for this stock (the classic recommendation is: buy, sell, or hold). In your recommendation, evaluate which estimates are useful to the recommendation. Along with your valuation model, you can use any information about the company, industry, and economy as well to justify your recommendation. Presentation and overall style of the report [10 marks] Important Information: _The following knowledges will help you get started with the Assignment: Stocks,GGM, Financial Statements. _Avoid choosing companies with dramatic changes to their capital structure (e.g. large mergers, significant change in business operations, etc.) _List and date ALL your data sources. Depending on the day and time you collect the data, the data may be different (e.g. The stock price for Coca-Cola is $50.03 (October 18th).) _Be consistent with the timing and horizon of all the financial data of your chosen company. _A complete answer includes a detailed and thorough explanation. _Ensure the results are presentable and professional. Formatting and Presentation: _The report should be no more than 10 pages with 1.5 line spacing and size 12 Arial or Calibri Font. It should have normal sized (2.54cm) margins on all sides. Please number the pages of your report. Marks will be reduced by 5% for each page you exceed the page limit. Hence, your mark will be reduced to zero if the report exceeds 30 pages. You will be penalised for inappropriate formatting. _Ensure you use proper academic referencing in supporting the ideas and discussion within your report. All reports must include a list of references in academic form using the APA method. _Pay particular attention to presentation. A component of your mark will be based on presentation. Avoid overdoing formatting and ensure that the report is very clear, logical and professional. Pay attention to grammar. Clear and logical presentation is a major challenge in report preparation. _Preparing a concise report poses a major challenge. You may use headings in the report to separate key ideas. Using paragraphs will also assist with structuring ideas. Brevity and conciseness are key ingredients of a highly successful report. Every part of the report should somehow add to the end result; otherwise, it is superfluous and distracting. _The report must be submitted as a Word document. The page limit for the report is 10 pages with 6 being the minimum.
Finance Major Assignment- investing a stock
George Mason University Routing Network of Cisco Packet Tracer Lab Report
George Mason University Routing Network of Cisco Packet Tracer Lab Report.
I’m working on a information technology question and need guidance to help me learn.
IT 341undefinedSkills Exam IIundefinedInstructions:undefinedYou have been provided with the required addressing table and network topology in a pkt file. Follow the instructions and undefinedDeliverables:undefinedZipped folder containing:undefined Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway R1 Gi0/0 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.0 NA S0/0/0 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.252 NA S0/0/1 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.252 NA R2 S0/0/0 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.252 NA S0/0/1 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.252 NA R3 Gi0/0 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.0 NA S0/0/0 220.127.116.11 255.255.255.252 NA S0/0/1 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.252 NA R4 Gi0/0 22.214.171.124 255.255.255.0 NA S0/0/0 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.252 NA S0/0/1 188.8.131.52 255.255.255.252 NA PC1 NA 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.0 220.127.116.11 PC3 NA 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.0 22.214.171.124 PC4 NA 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.0 188.8.131.52 undefinedTask 1: Configure Basic Device Settings (10 Points)undefinedStep 1: Setup host name for the routers as given in the topology.undefinedStep 2: Setup enable password: classundefinedStep 3: Setup line console password: ciscoundefinedTask 2: Configure and verify OSPF Routing (40 Points)undefinedStep 1: Configure OSPF as the routing protocol on all four routers and advertise the appropriate networks using the network statement. (hint: determine the connected networks for each router and advertise them through OSPF.) You need to use PROCESS ID: 100 and Area: 0 in your OSPF configurations. (15 points)undefinedStep 2: Prevent routing updates on the interfaces of R1 on which routing advertisements are not required. (hint: you should use passive-interface command for the LAN interface.) (10 points)undefinedStep 3: Verify that OSPF is running on the routers. Which command would you use to confirm that OSPF is running? (10 points)undefinedStep 4: Examine the routing tables on all routers. What command should you use to examine the routing table content? (5 points)undefinedTask 3: Configure Static Routing (30 Points)undefinedStep 1: From R4 OSPF configuration, remove the LAN network 184.108.40.206/24.(5 points)undefinedStep 2: Configure static routes on R1 and R2 to reach to network 220.127.116.11/24 with S0/0/0 as the next hop. (10 points)undefinedStep 3: Configure static route on R3 to reach to network 18.104.22.168/24 with S0/0/1 as the next hop. (5 points)undefinedStep 4: Verify the routing configuration by viewing the routing tables of R1, R2 and R3. How can you confirm from the routing tables that all static routes have been added correctly? (10 points)undefinedTask 4: Saving your Configurations and Restart the Devices (5 Points)undefinedSave your configuration by using the proper save command on the routers. Now, click on ‘Power Cycle Devices’ to restart the network. Please make sure to save your configuration before restarting your devices. undefinedTask 5: Verify Connectivity (15 points) undefinedTo verify connectivity, you should be able to ping between all the devices. undefined From To Fail/Pass PC1 PC3 PC1 PC4 PC3 PC4
George Mason University Routing Network of Cisco Packet Tracer Lab Report
Concepts of Atheism Analytical Essay
Table of Contents Introduction Variation in Atheism Critics of Atheism Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Atheism entails the belief that there are no deities or supreme beings. It is the opposite of theism which is the belief in the existence of at least one Supreme Being or deity. In simple terms, it can be said to be the belief that there is no God or gods. Religion is a very broad and controversial aspect as it entails the inner belief in regard to the existence, nature and power of God. Different people have different stands in relation to religion and what they believe in and hence the existence of a variety of religions all with different doctrines and beliefs. Christianity and Islam are the most common religions (Baggini 5). This paper discusses the various aspects associated with Atheism with much emphasis being on the negative side or why atheism is not right. Variation in Atheism Atheism is not very common or well known and has some variations for instance the strong, positive, critical and explicit atheism which refers to the individuals who assert the non existence of God positively. Weak, negative or implicit atheism on the other hand involves the individuals who lack a belief in God basing their argument that the existence of God has not been proven to them and meaning that in the event of being proven they would change their mind. Militant atheism also known as antitheism constitute of atheists who view the belief in God to be wrong and superstitious hence find ways of doing away with it. Some of the basic principles underlying the belief of atheism include; that there is neither the existence of God nor that of the devil, there is no sin that can be accrued to the violation of God’s will and teachings, there exist no supernatural realm, that the universe is generally materialistic and measurable and so should God be, that evolution is entirely scientific with no any spiritual aspect, that man is material and also that the idea of ethics and morals is relative and therefore should not be adhered to strictly among other life perceptions (Slick 1). Critics of Atheism Atheism is a concept that has received a lot of critics most of it being negative. People think that atheists not only believe in the absence of God but also that there is no morality; no meaning to life and also that there is no human goodness. This is however not true as some atheists only have a problem in the existence of God and other gods but are usually positive in regard to other aspects of life. Atheists’ belief of the nothingness of God is followed directly by the negative response of any transcendental (or supernatural) belief. Some of the issues that the atheists differ with most of the other religions include, the belief in life after death, that there is no atonement, no resurrection, no deity, no virgin birth, no existence of miracles, the inexistence of immortal souls and supernatural powers, that man is not made in the image of God and ghosts among other aspects (Share faith 1). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are different arguments that have been put forth in support of Atheism and also against it. The arguments against atheism try to explain or bring to our understanding the existence of God. Here is the supporting evidence that God exist hence the disqualification of the atheists’ belief. God is thereby viewed as the maker and designer of all the things (visible and invisible). The argument of causality also proves the existence of God as the happenings of everything has to have a cause which is God. The ontological argument has also been put forth and explains that there is the existence of God in every individual’s mind including that of the atheists. This alone shows that there is a cause and explains that there is a wonderful mind that is inspirational to the world. Argument on morality also tries to show god’s existence. It is usually natural to tend to do well and avoid evil and that explains why there exist laws and rules. The atheist view of morality is therefore incompatible with moral obligation pertaining to an individual’s life and hence it is wrong since moral obligation can not originate from the mind of a lay human being but rather from a supernatural being who is God. Atheists are usually attached to logic, philosophy and empiricism especially when it comes to arguments which are not adequate as the disciplines contain only a small percentage of reality. Spirituality for instance is a very strong basis of arguments in terms of reality and the atheists only object it with the reason that it is irrelevant (Markham 13). I consider atheism to be infeasible and always a negative position no matter the arguments put forth in its support. There are also no significant and sufficient proof or evidence that God does not exist. Other religions specifically Christianity have got viable and adequate justifications that God surely does exist for instance some biblical prophecies that have already been fulfilled or experienced, the resurrection of Jesus Christ among other practical evidences. The atheists’ argument that God does not possess the omniscient, omnibenevolent and omnipotent qualities is an irrelevant argument since even if this was true, the absence of the qualities does not mean that He does not exist. The argument that if God exist he should be more involved in the human activities especially physically is also not viable as some things just exist irrespective of their visibility. Good examples to back up this statement is the fact that air which we all breath cannot be either physically felt, seen through the eyes, heard, or even tasted and yet we all believe that it exists. The force of gravity, values, beliefs and even emotions are also other aspects that cannot be experienced through our senses and yet we all know that they exist. This therefore does not justify the atheists’ argument that the impossibility of experiencing God through the five senses means that God does not exist. We will write a custom Essay on Concepts of Atheism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The reality part of it is that God is non material and supernatural and can be seen indirectly for instance through nature or creation, morality and conscience which is the sense of what is right or wrong and responsible for the control of a person’s thoughts specifically directing him or her towards doing the right thing as opposed to evil among other manifestations (Solomon and Higgins 67). There are various reasons and benefits that can be linked in believing in the existence of God or a supreme being. For instance it helps people live positively bearing in mind that there is some rewards that await them in terms of life after death once they conquer or live in accordance to God’s will. The belief that there is a powerful being who is in control of our lives is also a motivational factor that help individuals to be hopeful and have confidence in their undertakings having the belief that they are being protected at all times and that since we are a creation from God, He cannot forsake us. It is also the belief that God exist that help people have a purpose in life in that God created us for a reason and that we should live to fulfill God’s purpose in our lives. This help individuals live in peace with one another and try as much as possible to avoid evil and do good making the world a better place as opposed to where people would not care for one another or mind the consequences of their actions. Conclusion Although every person has a right to believe in what he or she feels it is right, it is evident that the arguments given by the other religions, for example, the Christians in the support of the idea that God exists are far justifiable as compared to the arguments asserted by the atheists for their support of the idea that there is no existence of God or any other deity. The Christian source of confidence, for instance, is the faith in God and the Holy bible with the combination of the practical things that happen and the manifestation of Jesus Christ and also the Holy Spirit. Works Cited Baggini, Julian. Atheism. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 2009. Markham S. Ian. Against Atheism: Why Dawkins, Hitchens, and Harris Are Fundamentally Wrong. USA: Wiley and Sons, 2010. Not sure if you can write a paper on Concepts of Atheism by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Share faith. “Christian Arguments against Atheism”. Faith clipart, 2011. Mar 9 201. http://www.sharefaith.com/guide/christian-apologetics/christian-arguments-against-atheism.html Slick, Matt. “What is atheism?” CARM. 2010. Mar 9 2011. https://carm.org/atheism/what-is-atheism Solomon, Roberts and Higgins, Kathleen. The Big Questions: A Short Introduction to Philosophy.8th Ed. New York: Cengage Learning, 2009.