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Essential Principles of Democracy Paper

Essential Principles of Democracy Paper.

Democratic PrinciplesWhen asked to think about democracy, you might begin by considering what you already know about the topic. Is there a concrete definition of democracy that is familiar to you? Would you know democracy if you were to see it in action? To be sure, there are principles that make a government democratic, and it is important to note those that are integral parts of democratic governance. In addition to democratic principles, public agenda issues also are important to understand. As you move further into the study of governance and public policy, you may find that public agenda issues touch the very core of democratic governance. This week, you are introduced to several basic principles of democratic governance and consider their lasting impact on contemporary debates in the public agenda.Assignment: Application: Essential Principles of DemocracyAssignment: Application: Essential Principles of DemocracyNot all democratic governments look alike; however, they all share certain fundamental principles. Majority rule, liberty, equality, and rule of law are a few of the universal principles generally shared across democracies. Some principles form the foundation of democracy and are absolutely essential to sustaining democratic governance. Still others are worthwhile but not essential to democracy. Contemplate how democratic principles relate to democratic governance and contribute to a democratic society. As you think about democratic principles for this Assignment, weigh those that are most important to democracy as you understand it. Perhaps your evaluation might help you answer the following question: Exactly which democratic concepts and principles make a government democratic?To prepare for this Assignment:Review the article “Democracy and Equality” in this week’s Learning Resources. Consider whether you think equality is a fundamental democratic principal.Review the article “Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy” in this week’s Learning Resources.Consider the democratic principle of liberty as it relates to democratic governance.Think about the tenets of John Stuart Mill’s conception of democracy and whether you agree or disagree with the ideas he proposed.Select at least two democratic principles that you consider fundamental and essential to democracy.Select at least two democratic principles that you consider related and desirable but not essential to democracy.Think about what conclusions might be drawn about democratic principles as they relate to democratic governance.The Assignment (1–3 pages):Briefly explain the four democratic principles you selected.Explain which principles you think are fundamental and essential to democracy and explain why.Explain which principles you think are related and desirable but not essential to democracy and explain why.Based on your evaluation, draw at least one conclusion about democratic principles as they relate to democratic governance.Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list only for those resources not included in the Learning Resources for this course.Resources to use Post, R. (2006). Democracy and equality. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 603(1), 24–36.Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.Brink, D. (2007). Mill’s moral and political philosophy. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2008 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/mill-moral-polit… Machan, T. (2005). The right to private property. In Internet encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/property/ The United Nations. (1948). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-r… Waldron, J. (2004). Property and ownership. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Spring 2012 ed.). Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/property/ Required MediaLaureate Education (Producer). (2014d). Democratic principles [Audio file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.In this media piece, subject-matter experts offer contrasting perspectives on a contentious public agenda issue and examine how various concepts or principles of democracy impact that public agenda item.
Essential Principles of Democracy Paper

Answer below. I don’t understand this Computer Science question and need help to study.

As you prepare to formulate your outline, consider the areas that you will need to focus on. Your audit should include entity-level controls such as asset management, policies, standards, and procedures as well as employee management. Most organizations require the use of specific hardware including switches, a firewall, and, of course, data storage. These areas should also be included in your audit proposal. Lastly, the five audit option items you selected for your Week 3 topic approval will make up the rest of your outline.
Tip: The topics included in your outline will serve as your section and sub-section headings on the final project.Your outline should be 2-3 pages in length and conform to
CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA (Links to an external site.). Include at least three scholarly references in addition to the course textbook. The CSU-Global Library is a good place to find these references.
Answer below

HLS 400 CTUO Legal Approaches to Counterterrorism Analysis.

I’m working on a law discussion question and need support to help me learn.

Unit 1 – Discussion Board 2 Running head: LEGAL APPROACHES TO COUNTERTERRORISMAssignment DescriptionYou are a senior security specialist with the Department of Homeland Security assigned to DHS Headquarters. You are responsible for developing and preparing DHS-wide policies and standards for a DHS Industrial Security Program. You are also responsible for developing and presenting informational briefings. You are a subject-matter expert on all matters related to industrial security.You have been asked to attend a conference on policy issues and have been invited to participate in a round-table discussion with other security professionals to discuss the issue of the due-process approach versus the public-order approach to counterterrorism.Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear and use examples to reinforce your ideas.Answer the following questions: Do you consider yourself more of a public-order advocate or a due-process advocate, in general? What is more important to you, personally: protecting individual rights or making society safer? Why did you not choose the opposite position? What are the positive aspects of your chosen position for purposes of counterterrorism? What are the negative aspects, if any, of your chosen position for purposes of counterterrorism? For this question, you are to assume that your superiors have adopted the position opposite your chosen position. For example, if you answered above that you were a due-process advocate, your superiors have adopted the public-order position. As such, you are to answer this question from the perspective of your superiors: What is the most important concern when developing policies for combating terrorism?
HLS 400 CTUO Legal Approaches to Counterterrorism Analysis

Saudi Electronic University Training Employees and Human Resources Discussion.

I’m working on a management writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.

Personal Development Plan (110 Points)A development plan is a key component of a performance management plan because it guides performance improvement. Create a short-term development plan (1–2 years) and a long-term development plan (3–5 years) for yourself. In your plan, address these items:Development objectives,How skills will be acquired,A timeline for acquisition, andStandards and measures for assessing improvement.Keep the following in mind:You are writing your own development plan. First, complete an assessment of your professional needs and/or deficiencies and career plans (e.g., complete MBA degree) and then write the plan. Assume you are submitting the development plan to your faculty member, the manager.With the exception of a cover page, no citations or references are required for this assignment. This should be an honest assessment of your professional needs/deficiencies and career plans.Your plan should be organized in a clearly labeled table with appropriate headings.For examples of templates for development plans please see: https://www.template.net/business/word-templates/p…For organization purposes, submit your project electronically to the Assignment Dropbox as a Word file.
Saudi Electronic University Training Employees and Human Resources Discussion

AGRC 7050 Tea Farming In Kenya Case Study Report

AGRC 7050 Tea Farming In Kenya Case Study Report.

I’m working on a biochemistry writing question and need a sample draft to help me study.

Task Description:undefinedYou are required to build on the approved proposal (Task 2) and analyse the value chain management practices based on a selected case study chain. Write a report outlining your findings and support your arguments using literature. The report should include the following sections:undefined Title Page Executive Summary – Concise summary of the entire case study, main findings and recommendations Introduction – A brief outline of the firm/industry, its structure, operations and its competitive environment; main commodity/product(s) or service(s) for which the value chain analysis is done; purpose or objectives of the analysis Value chain Analysis – A short description of research method(s), target market(s) and consumers, mapping the current state of the chain; provide specific examples and/or evidences and analyse the critical dimensions of value chain management of the firm/industry. Support your arguments using literature and the discussion of a desired future state of the chain. Conclusion: What can you conclude from the current practices and analysis of the chain? Recommendations – Discuss the potential improvement opportunities. References: Use Harvard Style or APA 7th Edition undefinedNote: Please clearly indicate if your report to be treated as “Commercial in Confidence”.undefinedReport FormatundefinedMaximum length: 15 pages including the cover page and referencesundefined1.5 Line spacing, 11 Arial Font size and not less than 2 cm Margins.undefinedSubmission Guidelines: undefinedYou should submit your case report through the Turnitin submission link before 2.00 pm, Friday, 28 May, 2021.
AGRC 7050 Tea Farming In Kenya Case Study Report

UOTP Project Management Management Information Systems Case Study

term paper help UOTP Project Management Management Information Systems Case Study.

Chapter 9 Case Study: Unilever Goes Streamlined. Answer the questions at the end of the case study.1. Why is it important for an international company
to have clear lines of communication between
regional managers and manufacturing/distribution? How can this directly impact sales? 2. List the different areas in which Unilever saved
money by implementing the changes made by Astute Solutions. As an agent, why do you
believe that they had a positive impact?
3. What are the benefits of having all product information visible to all fields of a company in an
organized, central location? What are the risks?
4. What can Unilever’s agents do to become more
engaged with their customers through social
CRM?Chapter 10 Case Study: Transporting a Transparent and Nimble Cash Flow Forecasting System. Answer the questions at the end of the case study.Thinking About the Case
1. The planning stage of creating a new ES may be
the most important stage. What did The Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) do in
the planning stage that led them to success in the
long run? 2. Comment on the flaws in the communication
practices of KDOT’s previous system. What was
the issue with distributing the cash flow information after the bids had already been placed? 3. Explain why the payout curve models in today’s
Cash Availability and Forecasting
Environment (CAFE) use historical data from every KDOT project
available. 4. Why was the integration of CAFE to KDOT’s project management system important?Writing RequirementsAPA format, 3–5 pages in length (excluding cover page, abstract, and reference list)Textbook: Sousa, K. (2015) Management Information Systems, 7th edition. Cengage(Textbook ISBN: 9781285186139; eText: 9781305172180)
UOTP Project Management Management Information Systems Case Study

HBOS Plc Company’s Ethical Dilemma Essay

Introduction In the business environment, there are series of ethics that define the moral obligations expected of the business actors. Thus, this reflective treatise attempts to explicitly review the concept of business ethical dilemma using the Four Lens Model of Worldview Development in HBOS PLC Company located in the United Kingdom that involved eight senior managers. The Underlying Ethical Dilemma and Causes in HBOS PLC Company HBOS PLC Company is a profitable bank within the United Kingdom. In 2011, the eight senior managers conspired to commit fraud that resulted in the bank losing £35 million (The Telegraph 2011). The ethical dilemma in the case is that the top management of the company used complex nature of the financial statements and the weaknesses in the accounting standards to manipulate the financial records with an intention of enriching themselves. This was characterized by manipulating the balance sheet to reflect high performance. Specifically, they inflated the asset values, overstated the reported income and cash flow and eliminating the liabilities from the financial records. In addition, the top management negotiated dubious investment contracts for the company. These investments incurred losses which were never reported in the books of account of the company. The crime committed by the eight top management involved can be categorized into five ethical dilemmas. These are conspiracy, securities fraud, false statement, insider trading, and fraud. Based on the code of ethics, it is clear that the management breached all the ethical principles (Bazerman

Almodovars All About My Mother Analysis Film Studies Essay

Pedro Almodovar is an auteur in Spanish national and art cinema. His films always explore the issues such as sexuality, transgender and women’s life where friends and lovers replace the parents and family. In a post-feminism point of view, he disestablished the feminism but highlights the positions of both female characters and actress. His works are more targeted to women and give female audience a resonance on motion. All About My Mother is a film Almodovar made in 1999. It stills an impressive work to discover the deep feeling of women when suffering from the dead of son and lover. The storyline describe a single mother Manuela witness his son die in a car accident when he run to ask for an autograph. And then she wants to find the father in Barcelona. In Barcelona, she meets her transgender friends, the lesbian couple and a young nun Rosa. The whole film interspersed with these several women’s interesting and dumbfounding stories. Some of them encounter the issues of transsexual or AIDS which make their characteristics more rounded. This title not only refers to Manuela but also point to women who were and would be mother, as well the actress. The opening scene is a smoothly and masterful camera movement in hospital. It follows the plastic infusion tube, with the blurred background and a sad music to heighten the atmosphere. The cast list in a bloody color fade in and out like the blood flowing. Without saying any word, just use a montage skill to show there is a patient or accident. Almodovar are the master of using misn-en-scene. The next scenes are still using camera movement show the medical machine. After the still of ECG, Manuela suffers the pain from death and faces other’s organ donation which she need to solve later (her son’s organ donation). Almodovar emphasises not only the mise-en-scene, but also the collocation of color. I think it is the aesthetics of Almdovar. The scene that Manuela cooking in the kitchen, the blue cupboard and the red cloth and tomato join together make a strong Almodovar style. Gathering blue and red maybe is a habitual technique of Almodovar. The son’s clothe is also blue and sit together with his mother’s red. In the bedroom of Esteban, this style gets more highlights. The red wall assembled with the blue bed and chair. I can see red everywhere for instance later Huma’s hair and cloth as well. The film is filled with references. At the beginning, Manuela and her son sit on sofa and watch the old Hollywood film All About Eve (Joseph L. Mankiewicz, 1950, USA). That movie talking about the actress named Eve, the same way was used to reflect the story in All About My Mother, it talk about mothers and women who have relationship with acting. In All About Eve, they also mention the fans and acting issues. When watching the film, the son Esteban finds that the Spanish television station always changes the title of the movies and use dub instead of original sound track which are references from the society. In this scene, Esteban writing on his notebook has a brilliant camera angle. The camera use both the POV of Esteban and the notebook, we can see Esteban writing ‘Todo sobre mi madre’ (original title in Spanish) from his hand moving. Then the title of this film appeared very smoothly. After watching the film, Manuela shares the only half photo she took when she was a actress. The camera follows the cracks and down while shows Esteban looking at the picture and later he will mention that the other half would be his ‘father’. And the play prepared for Esteban’s script in the hospital course, Manuela act a mother whose husband already dead and only have a son to bring up. That’s make me confused weather it is true at the first time, but I recognized that is a self-reference again. The background music and Manuela’s skillful acting make it so really. Then it is the classical scene of the whole film. Manuela waits Esteban on the other side of the street. The panoramic view show the poster so big that even the pixels can be seen very clearly. This classic Almodovar poster becomes greatly popular in the film industry. I saw many books about the Spanish film use this as a cover. The car accident was shot very different with other’s or Hollywood movies. Last second I saw Manuela smiles and next second I heard the shocking screaming. Usually, in the classical Hollywood films, the directors often make it the opposite sequences which first the crash and then the screaming. That’s the obvious difference exist between art cinema and Hollywood cinema. Almodovar also used the POV of the driver cross the blurred window to catch the Esteban running on the street in the rain. And then the shaking and rotation camera movement (POV of Esteban) to represent Esteban were hit by the car. Through the eye of Esteban, I saw Manuela shouted and run towards to her son but without synchronized soundtrack. This is a way to stress the sadness of Manuela rather than film and acting. The play A Streetcar Named Desire (Tennessee Williams, 1948, USA) within drama were shown and Manuela have acted a role in a same name stage play years before when meet the father. Both the stage play and the film are narrate the pain and the perplexed about life. Manuela acted Stella while met Esteban’s father who act Kowalski. The idea in this play is the same as the film in some degree. Both show the confusion in women’s heart. The film mention the word ‘escape’, for instance, Manuela escape to Madrid Barcelona, and 17 years later, she go back to Barcelona still because she want escape. Escaping to a new circumstance is a turning point of character’s life and plot. Then those subplots mess together with the exaggerated circumstances reference from the main story. Manuela meets her friend Agrado and through her knows the kind-heart nun Rosa. In Barcelona, Manuela watchs the same stage play again. When she looks at the other side of the road, we through her POV see the recall and illusion of Esteban. But when the camera turned to her, the seat beside her is empty (through the audience’s POV). These editing skills touched me because the mother misses the son so much. This is the very treasure and common feeling in the world so it can be very easy to reach the deep emotion of audience. As an assistant of Huma is the new job of Manuela. When she help Huma to find Nina, Huma said: ‘Whoever you are, I have always depended on the kindness of strangers’ (a street car named desire), that is a small reference but this idea lead the whole story. Rosa got pregnancy is a big twists and turns. Manuela tells her own story to Rosa when accompany her to hospital. She said: ‘Women will do anything to avoid being alone.’ That is the same as the desire of Blanche in A streetcar named Desire, but the most time the reality always goes opposite with desire. Nina got drug gives Manuela a chance to go back to stage to review her history. And her acting got a big success. This gets the contradiction of Manuela and the couple. Manuela said: ‘A streetcar named desire has marked my life.’ In my opinion, this sentence summarised her life on not only her life content but life style as well. The prostitute, transgender, drug additions, lesbian and AIDS these sensitive issues are all point out by Almodovar. These elements make the film more exaggerated. Sometimes make us feel fun, but next second move us make people cry. The scene Agrado entertain the audience with her life story, I saw it is a helpless action no matter on the show cancellation or spending money on her body. I do not know whether she want to be a women or not, but it is true that she need the money and live. Everyone in the film has a burden. In the darkness of life under pressure, the new things always mean the change and getting better such as the escape (I mentioned above). When Rosa wants to name the child ‘Esteban’, it is to memorize the only two male characters in the main story. Esteban is the Lura, Manuela’s son and Rosa’s son. In the end, the baby do not have AIDS, give us the hope to new birth and put the history down. Like Almodovar write in the end: ‘To all actresses who have played actresses, to all women who act, to men who act and become women, to all the people who want to be mothers, to my mother.’ Almodovar’s Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown This Spanish comedy film is also an Almodovar’s work. It was made in 1988 and won many awards. This film is the It still tells a story about women suffering from the life and troubles. This one is a more melodrama which will contains a lot if music and romance. The emotion using is stressed in this kind of film. This film is around a man’s three lovers. Pepa is on the verge of a break up with her lover Ivan. She wants to find him and to know why he is left. She even asks his wife and his son, but they do not know as well. Almodovar always want to describe a complex narrative. This work as well. Pepa’s friends Candela ask help from because the criminal actives her boyfriend involved. And Ivan’s son and his crazy wife comes one after the other. They make a ridiculous and humor story together. It is said that this one is Almodovar’s favorite one. ‘Women issues, complex relationships, weird appearance, brilliant colors, soap-opera styling setting and the Spanish folk music are the reflection of the unique Almodovar’s style.’ (baidu) This film got a self-reference in Almodovar’s new film Broken Embraces in 2009. And it also reinforces the establishment of Almodovar’s ‘female director’. Voice actor who dubs the foreigner films is what Pepa’s work. The dub film issue is again in the All About My Mother (when showing All About Eve, dub film is common in Spain, the director related to the Spanish film industry). The film is still related to acting. Pepa fainted after dubbing is a represent that she got too deep in her acting, still almodovar explore the women’s acting world. She thought she was talking to Ivan. In Almodovar’s film, women like to create illusion. The conversation also shows the statues of their relationship. The black and white scene at the beginning is so special that let audience know the personality and job of Ivan. Pepa said: ‘I hate tranquil’ and throw the sleeping pills into the tomato juice. (In Almodovar’s film, the red tomatoes often show up because the tomato stands a place in Spanish culture, a Spanish characteristic.) This sentence give the same meaning as the ‘women will do anything to avoid being along’ in All About My Mother. They need accompany as Almodovar explore in his female films. Then she burns her bed. She wants to forgot the unhappy things and start from new. Pack up the suitcase for Ivan while crying. In Almodovar’s world, although the powerful, women are weak on the emotional problems. The scene Pepa waiting outside is still a reference from the Rear Window of Alfred Hitchcock. With a strange music, it almost build a atmosphere of suspense that where is Ivan really going. To observe the people in the window let Pepe know his son. These many ridiculous and humor stories are linked together closely. The contradictions between Pepa and Lucia then the lawyer, Carlos and Marisa are the interspersion. Pepa is affectionate as in the end she stops Lucia to kill Ivan and gives up to get him again. Lucia is the craziest women. Her clothing style is always so bright which like a young girl. The scene she rides on the motorbike is boring if without her explosive hair style and the smoked makeup. The crazy avenger is send to hospital in the end. She needs to put her passionate emotion down and clam. She also admits that she has the mental illness. This let think whether she is still ill or she just want to back to the hospital to get peace. The lawyer is just a supporting role. There is not many descriptions about her. When the disc is thrown to her head and the record box is throw on her car very coincidently make all audience laugh. She is just a represent of the women in Ivan’s life. Candela is weak and young girl. She often makes audience laugh. For instance, her jumping, her trouble and her call to the police. Her love to men seems just about sex. The stupid behaviors make her likes a child who needs help. As the customary practices of Almodovar, the mise- en-scene and the color are the significant issues in shooting. From the opening scene I can see the colorful posters and many signs of women such as the high heel, lipstick, beautiful hands and red flowers. Many alarm clock in Pepa’s bedside cabinet shows she is not a clam person. And they walking so fast also show them a bit of crazy. The burned bed, red nail polish and cloth is also a kind of signs that people are easy lead by their emotion. In color, Almodovar still likes using red. The cloth and tomatoes red are everywhere in his movies. And the balcony’s scenery seems so faked. I feel it like a indoor studio. The red ground and the so blue sky. Again, this color collocation. In her house, the domestic bird’s cage is a dumbfounding props. Her hope for the bird couples are better is a kind of helpless after break up. The telephone is the bridge of communication between Ivan and his lover. Because Ivan always lies and that makes him shamed and be afraid of facing to those women love him. Like the voice actor job, he uses voice to cover the truth. He is afraid to see those women. For example, when he gets the suitcase back he does not want to see Pepa. And the most interesting and brilliant props is the Mambo taxi (he looks like Almodovar himself). The taxi driver makes it like a small home with enough entertainment such as newspaper, gossip magazines and snacks with broadcasting a relaxing airy pop music. This taxi shows three times just like a humor flavoring in the crazy story. Each time is very brilliant design. And the driver said a classical word: ‘I thought it would only appear in the film.’ Just like a self-reference reflect the difference between the film world and the reality. The second time, the driver cry while Pepa crying. The last time Mambo taxi appears when they follow the Lucia. Pepa said that you would never know men, learn how to drive is much more than learn men’s psychological. Like at the beginning Ivan ask ‘have you had to forget?’ and Pepa answer ‘As many as the women you remember.’ The whole film shows the women are weak in the emotion though they are open to love and sex. It make me feel happy and warm though this noisy story is like a soap opera. Vittorio de Sica Bicycle Thieves This film is directed by the Italian neo-realism director Vittorio de Sica. It is also his most famous work. The Italian neo-realism is an important movement in European film industry. It made film history like the German expressions. And then it made a significant influence on the later movement such as French new wave and British social realism. It was raised after the WWII, and it was a response to the society. It aims at breaking the conventions of the traditional Italian film and reflecting the reality in the nation. Many people were suffering from the unemployment, shortage of housing poverty and deprivation. These issues are represented very obviously in this film. The film was revised from a novel. There is no child in the novel. I think the son is added by the director to heighten the atmosphere and evoke compassion and the emotional resonance. It tells a story about a poor father wants to find a job in Roma. But he needs a bike to support his working. Then the bike gets stolen. The father and his son walking around Roma try to find the bike. In the end, they disappear in the crowd with helpless. The plot is filled with several helpless scenes to show the people’s really mentality situation in that special time period. The opening scene is located in the labor exchange. So many people compete for job vacancies. And the job Antonio gets is posting. In that time, people were suffering the much unemployment and deprivation because the consumption of the war. Not only the food, but also the water was running out. Next scene is Antonio finding his wife Maria when she is queuing to get water for the whole family. These social determined characters are the lower class; and they do not have enough money to afford bike even food. It has a obvious comparison when Antonio take Bruno to the restaurant. Bruno and the rich family’s child look at each other. As least, I can see the child look down at Bruno. The stolen scene is a good design. When the young wife sees the fortune teller to prospect the new life, Antonio just tells the playing boy to take care his bike instead locking. I think this is the time the bike may be stolen. But I was wrong; the bike is stolen very straightly later. The director focused on the feeling of Antonio rather than the stealing. The director makes suspense which let audience to follow the plot. This is closer to the Hollywood style (linear progression and continuity editing) though it is Italian. To see a fortune at that time was forced by the hard and difficult life. People need some intimation and encourage to building their confidence and belief. Most of them are women which have a lower position than the men. At the first time, Antonio thinks this is a ridiculous and absurd thing. Because the new job has already gave him motivation. But after looking for the bike without any result, he loses heart and only gets a useless word from the fortune teller. ‘If you cannot find today, you will not find it forever.’ Antonio finds the deal between the thief and the old man. He follows the old man into a church. The meeting in the church is hold by the rich people. The same as to pay for the fortune teller, people just experienced a terrible war. They need the spiritual restoration. The police show many times in the film. First time is the police station, the officer just give Antonio a reference number and let Antonio to find by himself. A bike lost is just a small thing in their eye. I feel resonance at this time, because I suffer the same thing when I am new in UK when I lost money. The second is in the bicycle market, Antonio want to see the number of the painted bike. The last time is to search the thief’s house. All the police’s action is useless but justice. It is sure that there is no evidence. Police’s role is not very clear at the post-war time. In the end, Antonio tries to steal a bike but be caught soon in front of his son unfortunately. The owner forgive him because saw Bruno crying and shouting his father. It is so impressive. This is a thief behavior, but I use the word ‘unfortunately’ to represent the sympathy. In my opinion, Bruno crying not for his father stealing, but for nobody helps and understands them. One of the most important reasons of this film got big success is its emotional resonance. There is something worth attention. One is the little son is only one worker who has income before his father gets the job. At the post-war reconstruction time, I can know that most children like the son Bruno were employed. Children were forced to working on the street or begging for money. And the poster is an advertisement of the American movies, Gilda (Rita Hayworth). The Hollywood movies are flooded to Italy after the war. People may admire the life in America. There are some features of neo-realism in this film. The film is location shooting. One reason is this is the way to represent the reality and next is: after the WWII, the directors do not have enough money to build studio. But this film is expensive result as the massive people were all paid. Both the father and the son are non-professional actors. I heard that the father is an unemployed in Italy. The director likes his gloomy expression and atheistic appearance. But helpless, when he finished his acting in this film, he still unemployed. All in all, this film represents the Italian social reality and personal emotion in a very brilliant way. So it is praised till now. As it evokes my resonance, I love it very much. Garrone Gomorrah Gomorrah is directed by Matteo Garrone and revised from Roberto Saviano’s novel. This is a classical Italian neo-realism crime film. It is different with the traditional crime film such as the famous Italian American gangsters God Father. It is more truth than God father. Also, it is not the postmodern gangsters for example Pulp fiction. It describes a heavier theme than Pulp Fiction. I saw some comment on this brilliant work from Italian audience themselves. They are proud of this work. I think maybe it represent a classical spiritual symbol on that contemporary society. The title refers to the Bible story about Sodom and Gomorrah. And camorra also means an Italian mafia organization in Naples which is the oldest city in Italy. It destroyed and corrupted all levels and orders of the normal society. From the camera’s eye, the circumstance of their living place is dirty. People who living there must chose a group seems have already become a default system. No one save there. Crime, drugs, fighting and shooting happens on the street every day. The setting here is like an ‘urban nightmare’. You will never know when you die. However, people have already used to face these issues. Toto is only a common teenager. But the connection with the mafia leads him to the drug trfficking life. In one scene, Toto ask ‘how can I get working with you?’ show his desire to join this dangerous system and to represent his brave. From the young boys to the old man wants to take charge but failed because they live under the violence controlled system. That also refer to machismo which is a world constructed by the men and masculinity. They advocate the violence. The gangsters take crime as an ambitious signs which worth showing off. This idea is reflected on the two boys. Ciro and Marco always dream to own the world. They are crazy about violence. They shout ‘I the best and the world is us’ in the obsolete building like they are the scarface. The poster use them shooting and plating with guns in the river. They are screaming and exciting when they make trouble and crime. In the film, I only saw the police for a few times. I was wondering that there is no law or police to manage the crime. I know it is just a film which will be faded and blurred the function of the police and regulations in the mainstream society. Then the true gomorrah must be more dark then the film describing. Gaetano is just an accounting of the mafia. He just wants peaceful life and do not want to be involved in the war. Because be afraid of shooting by other who want his money, he need to wear body armor. Pasquale has troubles only for having a lecture for the Chinese textile factory. There is an interesting scene that the Chinese boss let him seat in the trunk. I was confused at the first time why he needs to do this. Then I know it is necessary to avoid other people seeing and to protect Pasquale. They young man Roberto finds out the boss instigate the teenagers to fill the land illegally. He gave up and follows the justice. These three are more mature than the three young boys. The representations of them are more helpless because the pressure they build themselves and the ethical and mental burden. They are struggle and hesitate in their heart about the good and bad, punishment and retribution. These emotion and the trivial make them rounded. Dialogue is not so important. The emotion is much more significant. A skill was being used in the film to highlight the character’s emotion. The scene the Chinese boss asks Pasquale to give lessons to his factory. The boss’s face is blurred all the time while Pasquale’s expressions are recorded with details. It inspired by Italian neo-realism. Location shooting is obvious. It is a documentary shooting to describe five stories about different people. There is no main character. Each of the five stories has its own major characters and detailed with their psychological activities. The whole gathering makes a loose and episodic plot. The film likes an excerpt from the life of Gomorrah. The life there still continuing and the film ended with an open ending. The free camera movement seems handhold. The indoor scenes are all dark with no artificial light. Sometimes we cannot see the character’s face very clearly without the three points light. And outdoor, they use the natural sunlight instead of the artificial ones. Actually, at the first 30minutes or more, I do not know what the director want to say. Without any beautiful view, so many characters and shooting all the time make me confused. Much more is the trivial things. But in the end, audience will sigh for the life. Gomorrah is a symbol and metaphor. Realist strategies: Context Characters Narrative Purpose Style / mise-en-scene The gangster as (doomed) hero Gangs and gangsters inside and outside (mainstream) society; crime and the law Codes of behaviour: Good vs evil, loyalty, betrayal, ambition; punishment and retribution … Godard Pierrot Le Fou Filmography: All About My Mother – Pedro Almodovar 1999 Spain Others: All About Eve – Joseph L. Mankiewicz 1950 USA Broken Embraces – Almodovar 2009 Spain Plays: A Streetcar Named Desire – Tennessee Williams