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Essay. Paper details Essay #1 is a 1000 – 1200 word essay, typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman. Choose one of the articles from May 25 through June 7. There are four; just choose one. Come up with your own topic relating to the article and write your essay. Use two quotes from one article, citing correctly. You will use the full name of the author and the full title of the article the first time you use a quote. The second quote will only need the author’s last name. For examples, In the article “Why I Don’t Spare ‘Spare Change'” Emily Andrews writes, “Quote.” For the second quote only use the author’s last name: Andrews says, “Quote.” You can get your topics from the Reading Responses and Discussions and use anything you have written there, but make it a cohesive and coherent essay. An essay is your thoughts, ideas, examples, stories, potential problems, and potential solutions. Just write, proofread, and polish. You can start the essay with a mini story/example and then explain your topic/thesis or start the traditional way with your thesis in the first paragraph. The articles in the book do not follow a traditional essay format, and you do not need to for the essays in this class. I will know your thesis if you stay focused and follow through. Your personal experience or that of someone you know is the best writing material you have. Please view the “Academic College Writing – To Do and Not To Do” document in the Files. Do Not Repeat the Article or Critique it. Rather, come up with your own topic and express your thoughts, ideas, examples, and stories. This is developing your own voice as a writer, just like the writers in our book have done. They are expressing their views. I chose to write about the following article. “The Genetically Engineered Salmon Is a Boon for Consumers and Sustainability” Nina FedoroffEssay

Morgan State University Job Design and Behavior Discussion

Morgan State University Job Design and Behavior Discussion.

Please read the assigned readings. And write your reflections about each of the readings assigned (minimum 150 words for EACH readings). Think about the concepts, theories and examples explored in this reading: what will really stay with you in the years to come? How will this influence the way you see the world, and help you understand or deal with practical situations in your personal or professional life?READINGS:1. Organizational Behavior chapter 6. Job Design and Performance (minimum 150 words)2. Organizational Behavior chapter 7. Evaluation and Rewards Influence Behavior(minimum 150 words)I attached the PDF book you can use it. After you done from the first part I need you to responses to this week’s Leadership Team Post (it’s based on the assigned reading). And response to them minimum 150 words. I attached the Leadership Team Post.
Morgan State University Job Design and Behavior Discussion

One key value, and perhaps the key value, is whether a culture values individualism over collectivism or vice versa, particularly whether an individual will make a decision in terms of his or her own

assignment writing services In all or most chapters or my lectures notes it has been described the type of individualism or collectivism found within each national culture, for example, Scandinavian individualism, U.S. competitive individualism, kata-based Japanese collectivism, and Hindu-based and familial Indian collectivism. It has been also provided a summary of many key values by describing the various scales that Hofstede (2001) and the GLOBE researchers (House et al., 2004) derived and used the national rankings on these scales throughout the book. See Chapter 1 and Chapter 15.  Is the U.S.A. an individualistic or a collectivistic national culture? Why?  Is American football an individualistic or collectivistic game in terms of values?  Why?

History of Cancer Theories

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Defining Cancer Cancer is a group of diseases involving out-of-control growth of abnormal cell growth in a part of the body. Ancient Evidence of Cancer The world’s first recorded case of cancer was discovered in Egypt and dates back to about 2600 BC. It’s called the Edwin Smith Papyrus, an ancient papyrus named after the dealer who bought it in 1862. The papyrus is a copy of the collected teachings of the great Egyptian physician Imhotep who live around 2625 BC. It describes 48 cases of injuries, fractures, wounds, dislocations and tumors. Every case is followed by a concise discussion of treatments. Case forty-five describes breast cancer as a “bulging mass in the breast”, for which there is no cure. In around 440 BC, the Greek historian Herodotus recorded in The Histories that Atossa, the queen of Persia, had a tumor upon her breast. She sought a self-imposed quarantine and ultimately allowed Democedes, her Greek slave, to cut off the tumor. In addition to historical descriptions, there are also evidence of cancer found in mummified specimens of malignant tissues of cancers that had somehow preserved from ancient times. In 1914, a team of archaeologists found a tumor on a two-thousand-year old Egyptian mummy. In 1990, Arthur Aufderheide, a paleopathologist, found cancers in naturally desiccated mummies in a thousand-year-old gravesite in the southern tip of Peru. The most striking finding, though, is not that cancer existed in the distant past, but that it was rare. In ancient times, people didn’t live long enough to get cancer because cancer is a disease of older people, with incidence rates increasing with age for most cancers. Origin of the Word Cancer The great Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC), who is considered to be the “Father of medicine”, used the word karkinos to describe malignant tumors because the finger-like spreading projections from such tumors reminded him of a crab. The Romans later translated the Greek term into cancer, the Latin word for crab. Claudius Galen (130-200 AD), another Greek physician, used the word oncos (Greek term for swelling) to describe tumors. It is the origin of the word oncology, the study of cancer. Old Theories about Cancer Humoral Theory (400 BC) Hippocrates believed that the body contained 4 humors (body fluids), (1) blood, (2) black bile, (3) yellow bile, and (4) phlegm. Any imbalance of these fluids will result in disease. Hippocrates had opined that cancer was “best untreated, since patients live longer that way.” Galenic Theory (160 AD) Claudius Galen, an influential Greek physician, took Hippocrates’ humoral theory to the next level by classifying all illnesses in terms of excesses of various fluids. Inflammation was attributed to an excess of blood; tubercles was the excess of phlegm; jaundice was the excess of yellow bile; Cancer was the excess of black bile. Galenic theory suggested that cancer was the result of a systemic malignant state. Cutting the tumor out would not cure the disease. We should try systemic medicines to purge the black bile instead. This black bile theory of cancer was standard through the Middle Ages for over 1400 years until the birth of modern human anatomy in the 16th century. In 1533, Andreas Vesalius, who is considered the founder of modern human anatomy, arrived at the University of Paris to learn Galenic anatomy and pathology. To his disappointment, there were no map of human organs to guide him in surgeries. So he decided to create his own anatomy map, and scoured the graveyards around Paris for bones and bodies as specimens. In 1538, after becoming the professor of anatomy at the University of Padua, he published his drawings which showed anatomical charts of the blood and nervous systems. He wondered whether he could put the charts for practical use to treat diseases. The Galen’s humoral theory of disease required the patient be bled and purged to squeeze the overgrown humors out of the body. So he tried to locate the four humors in his chart. The lymphatic system carried a pale fluid, the blood vessels were filled with blood, yellow bile was in the liver. But he could not find Galen’s black bile. He kept quiet about his discovery that there was no black bile, and left his drawings just as he saw things. In 1793, Matthew Baillie, an anatomist in London, wanted to map the body in its diseased abnormal state. He too was looking for black bile, but couldn’t find it on charts of a normal body. He thought that black bile may not have existed in normal tissue, but tumors should have been full of it. So he started mapping the body with tumors. But he could not find the black bile anywhere – not even in the tumors. Like Vesalius, he left his anatomy and cancer drawing the way he actually saw it. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp

University of Maryland The Intersection Between Health and Culture Paper

University of Maryland The Intersection Between Health and Culture Paper.

May 2012, Alice Randall wrote an article for The New York Times on the cultural factors that encouraged black women to maintain a weight above what is considered healthy. Randall explained—from her observations and her personal experience as a black woman—that many African-American communities and cultures consider women who are overweight to be more beautiful and desirable than women at a healthier weight. As she put it, “Many black women are fat because we want to be” (Randall, 2012).Photo Credit: Getty ImagesRandall’s statements sparked a great deal of controversy and debate; however, they emphasize an underlying reality in the healthcare field: different populations, cultures, and groups have diverse beliefs and practices that impact their health. Nurses and healthcare professionals should be aware of this reality and adapt their health assessment techniques and recommendations to accommodate diversity.In this Discussion, you will consider different socioeconomic, spiritual, lifestyle, and other cultural factors that should be taken into considerations when building a health history for patients with diverse backgrounds. Your Instructor will assign a case study to you for this Discussion.To prepare:Reflect on your experiences as a nurse and on the information provided in this week’s Learning Resources on diversity issues in health assessments.By Day 1 of this week, you will be assigned a case study by your Instructor. Note: Please see the “Course Announcements” section of the classroom for your case study assignment.Reflect on the specific socioeconomic, spiritual, lifestyle, and other cultural factors related to the health of the patient assigned to you.Consider how you would build a health history for the patient. What questions would you ask, and how would you frame them to be sensitive to the patient’s background, lifestyle, and culture? Develop five targeted questions you would ask the patient to build his or her health history and to assess his or her health risks.Think about the challenges associated with communicating with patients from a variety of specific populations. What strategies can you as a nurse employ to be sensitive to different cultural factors while gathering the pertinent information?Post an explanation of the specific socioeconomic, spiritual, lifestyle, and other cultural factors associated with the patient you were assigned. Explain the issues that you would need to be sensitive to when interacting with the patient, and why. Provide at least five targeted questions you would ask the patient to build his or her health history and to assess his or her health risks.
University of Maryland The Intersection Between Health and Culture Paper