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Epic Conventions In Rape Of The Lock English Literature Essay

The Rape of the Lock is a mock epic poem written by Alexander Pope who was one of the most influential writers of the eighteenth century. Alexander Pope was one of the best satirist of the Augustan age who also aims to educate and entertain readers at the same time. The Rape of the Lock was first published in the year 1712 with only two cantos. In the year 1717 however the final form of this poem was published and it had five cantos and in heroic couplet too. The poem is based on a true story about two feuding aristocratic families, the Petres and the Fermors. “The young lord Petre had cut a lock of hair from the head of Arabella Fermor, a fashionable young society lady, and both she and her family had taken offence. Pope had been told of the incident by his catholic friend John Caryll who asked if he could write a poem to make a jest of the division between the two families and laugh them together again” (scribd). The epic poem also known as the heroic poem tells a story of a hero whose actions are of great importance and have a national significance too. It is usually a long narrative poem written in a grand style to suit its important subject matter. Some of the examples of the heroic poems are Homer’s Iliad, John Milton’s Paradise Lost, King Arthur by Richard Blackmore, Joan of Arc by Robert Southey and Hyperion by Keats. Mock epic poem on the other hand is the parody of the serious epic poems. It uses the structure of an epic poem where the language is grand but on miniature scale and the meaning of the subject is trivial. Mock-heroic poetry combines the characteristics of various discourses such as epic, comedy, parody and satire. Alexander pope uses the mock heroic style in The Rape of the Lock is not to ridicule the heroic genre but to mock and satirize the fashionable society of his time. In the beginning of an epic poem, the writer usually invokes and prayers the muse to afford him with divine encouragement to tell the tale of a great hero. Usually the writer calls upon one of the “nine daughters of Zeus [1] ” (homepage) to sanctify his poetry. The hero of an epic poem is always a grand figure of national importance or even cosmic significance. “He often has superhuman or divine traits. He has an imposing physical stature and is greater in all ways than the common man” (homepage). However in The Rape of the Lock, Alexander Pope invokes his catholic friend John Caryll instead, as a muse to provide him with blessings to narrate a story of not a great hero but a rich, vain woman called Belinda. Alexander Pope uses Belinda and the Baron as his main characters in his poem to poke fun at the men and women of the aristocratic families. Belinda is not a powerful hero but a beautiful young woman from a fashionable society who has no other responsibilities but looking presentable in front the society every day. For instance Belinda only wakes up around twelve o’clock, has a lapdog and servants to dress her for every occasion. “Sol thro’ white Curtains shot a tim’rous Ray, And op’d those Eyes that must eclipse the Day; Now Lapdogs give themselves the rowzing Shake, And sleepless Lovers, just at Twelve, awake: Thrice rung the Bell, the Slipper knock’d the Ground, And the press’d Watch return’d a silver Sound. Belinda still her downy Pillow prest” (Pope). Hence it is clear that Pope is satirizing the fashionable society for not being responsible and doing things as they please. They waste money for they were rich and even needed maids to look after them as though they were infants. Next, in an epic poem a hero will get well prepared for a great battle by armoring himself with chain mail, shield, sword, axes, daggers, bow and arrows. These weapons and armor will not only protect a hero but also make his enemy fear of him. For example in Iliad the arming of Achilles by Thetis for the battlefields of Troy was described with great grandeur. Belinda on the other hand armors herself with beautiful brocade, make-ups, Arabian perfumes, and glittering Indian jewelries and uses combs and pins made out of elephant tusks and tortoise shell in order to face the upper-class society every day. She goes through the long process of beautifying herself with the help of her maid Betty in order to look presentable and attractive to the young men and make women envious of her beauty. “The Tortoise here and Elephant unite, Transform’d to Combs, the speckled and the white. Here Files of Pins extend their shining Rows, Puffs, Powders, Patches, Bibles, Billet-doux. Now awful Beauty puts on all its Arms; The Fair each moment rises in her Charms, Repairs her Smiles, awakens ev’ry Grace, And calls forth all the Wonders of her Face; Sees by Degrees a purer Blush arise, And keener Lightnings quicken in her Eyes”.(Pope) In these lines of The Rape of the Lock, Pope mocks the vanity of the fashionable society, where they put a lot of importance in physical beauty rather than intellectual. They spend several hours in front of their mirrors preparing themselves as though they were getting ready for a great siege; but in reality they were only going to meet their friends and have fun. Belinda in The Rape of the Lock went through the long arduous dressing up session just to meet up her friends and play a card game of ombre and attract possible suitors. In the poem Pope even states that when a person looks at Belinda’s beautiful face all her faults will melt away further emphasizing that beauty is far more valuable than knowledge for the aristocrats of his time.”Yet graceful ease and sweetness void of pride Might hide her faults, if belles had faults to hide; If to her share come female errors fall” (Pope). In an epic poem the hero always prays at his altar to receive blessings from gods and goddesses such as “Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, Aries, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Hermes, Artemis and Hephaestus”( GreekMythology) in order to succeed in everything they wished for. For example Odysseus prays to the goddess Athena [2] so that he could finally return to his wife and son again after years of battle. In The Rape of the Lock on the other hand we find that Belinda worships and admires her own heavenly image in front of the mirror every day. Her maid then becomes the priestess who, perform beautifying rites day by day for her. Instead of gods and goddesses, Belinda’s altar is filled with “Files of Pins extend their shining Rows, Puffs, Powders, Patches, Bibles, Billet-doux” (Pope). However Baron keeps garters, gloves, love letters and trophies from his former lovers on his altar. Now he plans to add Belinda’s lock in his collection at the altar as well. In these lines of the poem, Pope seems to say that religion and faith for the women and men from the upper class is insignificant. They treasure their beauty and material stuff way higher than education, religion and morality. For Belinda, the Bible is just an unimportant object placed among on her make ups and love letters. Further more in canto two of The Rape of the Lock, we can see that Belinda wears a cross around her neck as a piece of jewelry and not on act of piousness. “On her white Breast a sparkling Cross she wore, which Jews might kiss, and Infidels adore”(Pope). The divine characters in epic poetry are family of gods living Mount Olympus who intervene often in lives of humans observing and influencing their lives and decisions. They help guide humans who are in trouble both physically and psychologically especially in great battles. The gods sense that it is their obligation to get involved if they feel that man is traveling off course from his destiny. These powerful characters are termed as epic machineries. For example in Homer’s Odysseys Zeus helped Odysseus to escape from the island of Ogygia where Odysseus was a prisoner for seven years. On the contrary, in Pope’s The Rape of the Lock, Belinda was aided by inhabitants of the air such as fairies, gnomes, nymphs, sylphs and salamanders. Belinda receives special attention from the sylphs. These magical creatures in the poem did not aid her in battle but helped Belinda look beautiful and respectable the whole day. Each sylph assigns themselves to protect her hair, dress, makeup, jewelries, her lap dog Shock and most importantly her petticoat for Ariel [3] have “saw, alas, some dread event impend” (Pope). Ariel did warn Belinda beforehand but she forgot all about it the minute she saw her “Billet-doux” (Pope). So now it is up to them to protect her appearance and her honor. “He spoke; the Spirits from the Sails descend; Some, Orb in Orb, around the Nymph extend, Some thrid the mazy Ringlets of her Hair, Some hang upon the Pendants of her Ear; With beating Hearts the dire Event they wait, Anxious, and trembling for the Birth of Fate” (Pope). In epic poems such as The odyssey and The Aeneid, both Odysseus and Aeneas travelled the seas for important missions and encountered many perils on the way. Pope In The Rape of the Lock parodies these epics by Belinda travels up the Thames River in a boat to Hampton Court to play the game of ombre with her friends of same social status. “Where Thames with Pride surveys his rising Tow’rs, There stands a Structure of Majestick Frame, Which from the neighb’ring Hampton takes its Name”(Pope). Next Pope also, parodies the battles portrayed in heroic poetry in his poem The Rape of the Lock. In the epic poem Beowulf, Beowulf had to face three battles with terrifying beasts in order to save innocent lives. In The Rape of the Lock, Belinda’s game of ombre with her friends was portrayed as war by Pope. The cards where depicted as warriors and words such as troops, combat, war, invade and armies where used by Pope to describe and intensify the tension during a game of ombre between Belinda and her aristocratic friends who took the game seriously. Even the magical creatures get themselves involve in the game so that Belinda wins the game. “Thus far both Armies to Belinda yield; Now to the Baron Fate inclines the Field. His warlike Amazon her Host invades, Th’ Imperial Consort of the Crown of Spades. The Club’s black Tyrant first her Victim” (Pope). Later in the poem, when the Baron had cut off one of Belinda’s lock, a large argument ensued which was also portrayed as battle by Alexander Pope. Instead of weapons, scream, frowns, bodkins and dangerous stare where used during the huge argument between Belinda and the Baron. “Then flash’d the living Lightnings from her Eyes, And Screams of Horror rend th’ affrighted Skies. Not louder Shrieks to pitying Heav’n are cast” (Pope). The game of ombre and the fight after Belinda’s lock got cut off were exaggerated in The Rape of the Lock, because Pope wanted to point out that the upper class society regards seriously about them when in reality they are trivial matters. Because insignificant matters are taken too seriously, the Petres and the Fermors split and this poem was to show them how silly they were. In conclusion Alexander Pope most definitely used the epic conventions for satiric purpose in his poem The Rape of the Lock especially to mock the aristocrats, their lifestyles and their perceptions. Since Alexander pope is Augustan man, he wrote this poem using the epic conventions to exaggerate the silliness of the upper class society so that readers will not only laugh at the satires in the poem but will also learn and change for the better. Work cited Hamilton, Edith. “The Olympians”. GreekMythology.com. 1 April 2010 . Leadbetter, Ron. “Zeus”. Encyclopedia Mythicaâ„¢. 2 April 2010 . Effinger,Sandra. “The Epic”. homepage.mac.com. 3 April 2010 . “The Rape of the Lock “. scribd.com. 3 April 2010 . Pope, Alexander. The Rape of the Lock and Other Poems. London: Signet Classic Poetry Series, 1906. Michael, Cummings. “The Rape of the Lock: A Study Guide”. cummingsstudyguides.net. 4 April 2010 .
SYG 2000 WU WK 4 Publicity Campaign for Social Inequality Discussion.

I’m working on a sociology project and need an explanation to help me study.

To prepare for this Project:Review the Topic Exploration and Analysis you developed in Week 2.Review the Literature Review you developed in Week 3.Consider insights gained about the effectiveness of publicity campaigns from this week’s Learning Resources and Discussion.With the potential solutions and steps you identified in the Literature Review in mind, as well as other relevant information you gained through your research, consider how you might most effectively reach out to the public for support on this issue.What message or messages would you craft? To whom would they be addressed?How would you deliver your message(s) to most effectively reach the intended audience(s)? Consider the pros and cons of all forms of information dissemination. These include the Internet (websites, blogs, social media sites), print ads, TV and radio ads, PowerPoint presentations, community posters and pamphlets, billboards, speaker presentations, community gatherings, and phone campaigns.By Day 7In a 2- to 3-page paper, describe your proposed overall approach and process for publicizing your social issue. Address the following, making sure to support your statements with references to this week’s required readings:Briefly describe the social issue and what you would like to achieve through this publicity campaign.To whom would you reach out? Why? (Note: Think creatively about the support you would most like to have and most need.)How would you reach out? What methods would you use to inform and inspire? Why?Are there any groups or individuals with whom you would most like to connect? Why?What messages would you incorporate into your campaign? Why do you think this messaging would resonate with potential interested individuals or groups? (Note: Messaging can be different for different intended audiences.)In launching this campaign, what would be the first step you would take and why?In a conclusion to this essay, explain why you believe that this approach will be successful. Be sure to align your rationale to the social issue.Be sure to include an introduction, body, conclusion, and reference page, using APA format to cite each of your sources in the body of your paper.
SYG 2000 WU WK 4 Publicity Campaign for Social Inequality Discussion

edits essay. I’m studying for my Writing class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

This is very solid work. I like that you’ve put in a little extra effort to find additional sources on the topic, and you do a fine job of asserting your own position in opposition to Carr’s. The one main shortcoming of the paper at the moment is that I’m not convinced you’re really addressed the central element of Carr’s argument. He doesn’t worry about the internet damaging our ability to memorize, but rather our ability to read deeply. I think that you can successfully rebut this notion, but you’ll need to acknowledge and respond to it more directly than you have so far.
edits essay

SNHU Subway Swabbers Who Traveled Throughout Different Cities Discussion

SNHU Subway Swabbers Who Traveled Throughout Different Cities Discussion.

So far in this course, we have explored popular culture through the lenses of history, the humanities, and the natural and applied sciences. In this module, you will wrap up your draft of Final Project Part One with Milestone Four, and the social sciences lens is the last piece of the puzzle. Look back over the topics you chose to discuss in previous discussions, select one, and reexamine it now through the social sciences. In your initial post, address the following:Describe or summarize your previous topic.How has your understanding been affected by the social sciences lens?How does the social sciences lens support the lens you previously used
SNHU Subway Swabbers Who Traveled Throughout Different Cities Discussion

MGMT 302 CSUSM Creative People Characteristics and Organizational Behavior Essay

python assignment help MGMT 302 CSUSM Creative People Characteristics and Organizational Behavior Essay.

Chapter 7; Exhibit 7.4“Characteristics of Creative People”Refer Exhibit 7.4 on page #204 in your textIdentify someone you may know personally, or a public figure or yourself and discuss in detail how the person you chose fits into the quad chart in the text.This essay should be at least 1000 words and addresses as many of the components as reasonable that are in this chart.How is independent imagination, and or, cognitive and practical intelligence, and or knowledge and experience and or persistence relevant.Take your time to determine who you will discuss and think through the key factors in the exhibit chart that are applicable to your subject.When you have completed your work send it to me in a Word document attached to an email.Please let me know if you have any questions
MGMT 302 CSUSM Creative People Characteristics and Organizational Behavior Essay

Changes in the remote or external environment of business

Changes in the remote or external environment of business.

In a 3- to 4-page paper, briefly analyze two important recent changes in the remote or external environment of U.S. business in the following areas. You should provide two recent changes for each category:EconomicSocialPoliticalTechnologicalEcologicalVarious sources can be used to identify changes in the above-mentioned areas. Magazines such as BusinessWeekand Fortune, newspapers such as The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, and various internet sites are good sources.Include a title page and reference page, and follow APA format. Use outside academic sources other than the textbook, course materials, or other information provided as part of the course materials.
Changes in the remote or external environment of business

ACCT 436 UMUC Duke Energy Company Payroll System IT Audit Report Discussion

ACCT 436 UMUC Duke Energy Company Payroll System IT Audit Report Discussion.

Assignment should be single spaced with double spacing between paragraphs, written in your own words. Audit Report (2-3 pages) The purpose of this assignment is to apply the course concepts dealing with the audit engagement and reporting. You need to select a company of interest. I recommend selecting a company in an industry familiar to you. Do not pick a company with complex businesses such as AIG or JP Morgan. For this assignment, simple is better. Although it is not mandatory, it is advisable to pick a publicly traded company. For the company chosen, you will need to determine an area to audit based on a determination of the key risks for the company. Some sources of information for your consideration include the company’s 10-K, the UMGC library, trade publications, Internet searches, and/or LinkedIn. Pick something you understand. Do not make the audit too broad. An entire business process is too broad. The audit can be a financial, operational or IT. Your paper needs to cover the following: The reason(s) for selecting the area to be audited. This should be based on your risk assessment.You need to explain how you went about selecting the area to be auditedThe objectives of your auditThe scope of the audit.Since you have a limited amount of information about the company, you can make assumptions.The key audit procedures to be performed in the audit (think steps in an audit program).Explain why you picked these steps.You should have no more than ten steps.You can use a table for this section.The purpose of this part of the assignment is not to create an entire audit program.At least four possible findings and recommendations.Give it some thought. Of course, these are not real findings since you have not performed the audit. You just needed to exercise a little creativity. You should write the findings and recommendations as if they will be in a formal audit report. As you work on this assignment, make sure to avoid these pitfalls: You provide a laundry list of risks.The audit engagement is not related to your significant risk.Your audit would likely be performed by an external auditor. This is not an audit of the financial statements to express an opinion.Your paper includes multiple audit engagements.The paper should be limited to a single audit engagement.You use generalities for audit steps such as:test internal controlstest accuracy, completeness and classification Attached is a brief example to help you think about this assignment.
ACCT 436 UMUC Duke Energy Company Payroll System IT Audit Report Discussion