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Entering Foreign Markets Analytical Essay

Entering Foreign Markets Analytical Essay. It is a fact that economies of scale enable companies to reduce their costs of production. Therefore, companies strive to increase their production capabilities to benefit fully from economies of scale (Mankiw, 2011). However, in so doing the company should not compromise the quality of products. Reduced costs of production due to economies of scale enables companies in foreign locations to compete effectively with local companies. However, it is vital for the company to use strategies that are responsive to the needs of the local population (Iyer, 2009). The peasants’ revolt in France highlights the importance of being sensitive to the needs of the local population while entering foreign markets. Increased large-scale industrial farming led to a peasant farmers’ revolt in southern France. Increased industrial farming enables farmers to benefit from economies of scale. This leads to significant reduction in costs of farming. Reduced costs of farming ultimately leads to reduction in prices of farm produce (Kaplan, 2012). However, according to the peasant farmers, large-scale industrial farming compromised the quality of agricultural products. American companies were the major parties that engaged in large-scale industrial farming. Americans used artificial hormones to produce beef. Beef produced using hormones are tasteless and may be harmful to human health. The French farmers viewed McNonald as a symbol of la sale bouffe (tasteless, mass produced food). On the other hand, the farmers claimed that French chicken and pork producers are used sewerage sludge in the production of meat rapidly and cheaply for supply to French supermarkets (Lichfield, 1999). The peasants also attacked supermarkets since they offered low prices to farmers and sold the fruits and vegetables at high prices to the customers. This unfair practice reduced the income of the fruit and vegetable farmers but enabled supermarkets to make handsome profits. To counter this practice, the government introduced a cumbersome system of double labeling. Supermarkets included both the price that the customer should pay and the price that the supermarkets paid the farmers. The failure of this system in increasing the price that supermarkets offered farmers forced the farmers to take action. The farmers dumped rotting fruits in the car parks of supermarkets. In addition, some farmers sold their fruits directly to shoppers (Lichfield, 1999). Selling directly to shoppers eliminated the role of the supermarkets in the supply chain. This eliminated the role supermarkets in the supply chain. Eliminating th role of supermarkets in the supply chain increased the income of the farmers as shoppers bought the fruits and vegetables at a price that was higher than what the supermarkets offers the farmers (Pride, HughesEntering Foreign Markets Analytical Essay

Development of New University Sports facility

1.0 Introduction Before the day, the sport is no more joining by the students because they put most of the effort to their class study, and the sport facilities only was important to the minority of applicants who hoped to play in university teams. Although the sport not making interest for student to join at pass time, but nowaday, that has changed, many student was take part in regular physical activity since the benefit of healthy was attach important now. So a University was require the University sports executive in relation to their project for developing a new University Sports facility. The executive is impressed with most of the work that has been done but has concerns about the viability of the project. It has a problem that these students who study in University may use other facilities nearer their home rather than join the new University facility, because more of them live at home than University hostel. This problem may make University bear a high expensive because of lack of member going join their new sport facibility, so they need to investigate a potential secondary segment of clients for the sports facility other than the full-time students for incerease their revenue to recover the high expensive. For this goal, the University sport executive need to make a reseach or report of detail and justification of secondary segment, the specific macro environmental issues in the market which will bring the opportunities or threats. Beside that, the promotion and offering of the new University Sports facility is need to plan for attract the new member from outside of the University and also giving a reasonable price to new member for this new University Sports facility . 2.0 Content 2.1 Detail and justification of the secondary segment Since the University worry about there may lack of their student to joining their new University sport facilities, so they wish can aim to the second segment to rises thier revenue for it.The second segment is target to the ppl who are age 38-56 years old, adult.This is target to the person who are on the way to retire or already retired. This kind of people are very take care for thier healthy at life after their retire and the following life, and since they were reaching a high salary with working many year for their company.So, they willing to pay for the product or service that can improve their healthy. The new University sport facilities can satisfying their need and provide the profesional coach to train thier strenght and health by teach them using the new sport facilities to exercise. 2.2 Macro environmetal Issue “The company and all of the pther actors operate in a larger macroenvironment of forces that shape opportynities and pose threats to the company.(Kotler,Armstrong 2004)” The macroenvironment include demographic environment, economic environment, natural environment, technological environment, political environment, and cultural environment. Demography refers to the study of the human populations in terms of size, age, race, occupation, density, location, and density. It is very important to undestand the demographic environment because it is very helpful in deivide the human populations into the market segment and how they going target into which market. For example, according to the born of the years,we can saw there have 3 generations before this, such as baby boomers, who are born between 1946 and 1964, generation X, who are born between 1965 and 1976, and generation Y, who are born between 1977 and 1994. The generation of the baby boomers are the larger number of this 3 generation. So if the marketing segmatation can include this generation and that may bring a high revenue for the market because they are become mature nowaday and getting a stable job and may reaching they higher income earning in this many year they work before. They would like to spend and making purchases when thier income is getting high than other new generation. According to all of this, they also treat their healthy very important because of the larger age and willing to pay for their health care, so if the new Universitiy sport facibilities can segment to this generation and it will bring a opportunities for the University. Economic environment refer what is the way that make the potential consumer would like to make purchases and willing to pay for the products or services. “Change in major economic variables such as income, cost of living, interest rates , and savings and borrowing patterns have a large impact on the marketplace.(Kotler,Armstrong 2004)” For example, if the personal income of every worker is rising then their purchasing power will increasing and would like to make payment for the products and services, it is provide opportunities to market. In other hand, if the economic fall down and getting bad,such as increasing of the unemployment rates, then the money will be hold by the consumer to survive and reduce the purchasing power. Natural environment is about the natural resources that a company uses as inputs and the possible of their marketing activities may cause pollution to the natural or no. Threat for this enviroment will bring to the firm or company when their marketing activities are increasing the pollution, cause the shortages of raw materials seriously and increasing governmental intervention because of the complaint from the public sector. All of this will affect the company’s reputation and make it hard to getting their goal or mission because the intervention of the government to their business activities. The technological environment is one of the fastest changing factors in the macroenvironment and no one can ignore this. That is very important to understand the changes of technological “because competitors will exploit it sooner or later, with implications for your product and its market. (Brassington, Stephen)” Technological advance in a company can help and give opportunity for them to create the new markets and new uses for products and maximum their profit in market. Another advantages that getting technological in advance are can negotiating the right of the skill or technological right and development of the marketable product with successful from it before the competition. The political environment is strongly affect the marketing decisins and it include the laws and regulation set by the government that limit the business action in social. That is very important for the company to be aware of these restrictions in this market.It always cause the threat for the company since the law and regulation often limit thier activities and they need to making decision for a long time period to fulfill in the right situation. 2.3 Outline of the new university sport facilities’s offer The benefits that the new university sport facilities going to offer to the member can attract the interest of the people to join whether the main objective of it is improvement of healthy. The offer provided just is a activity that influece and increase the motivation of them to join the new universitiy sport facilities. Here are the offers that provide to the new members: Bonus for introduce of new member Lastest model of sport facilities provided Free professional coach teaching Security Free safety insurance Free try for a day Discout of member fees 2.4 Pricing strategy In this new University sport facilities, the amount of the fees to the new member is very important because it may decide how many people willing to join depend to the price. The pricing strategy that use must satisfying the consumer need and enable to pay from every one. The market-penetration pricing can using for it and it is setting a low price with provide high quality of the product and service. It bring advantages to attract larger amount of the consumer to join and also gain larger market share. The lower price setting also can bring the opportunity to consumer to choose the new Universities sport facilities as their first choice. In other hand, it also will have the threat that seeting the lower price.Some of the consumer will treat the lower price will just provide the low quality product or service and they may no willing take risk to try, so in this case, it is need to making communication with them for provide the clearly information from the promotion.

SMC University Post Modernism Questions Paper

assignment writing services SMC University Post Modernism Questions Paper.

Here are your prompts: Answer 3 of 4. Jackson Pollock, mocked by critics who called him “Jack the Dripper,” described his own work as “Action Painting.” (Gardner, p. 415). What did he mean by this phrase? How does this align with the decades-later concept of Post-Modernism? Cindy Sherman (Gardner, p. 426) as a women artist “took control of her image and constructed her own identity.” How might her work intersect with the goals of Feminism and Post-Modernism? Michael Graves’ 1980 Portland Building absolutely rejects the tenets of Modernism. What were these? Of the artists represented in chapter 15 (“Modernism and Postmodernism …”), which do you find the most engaging/interesting/troubling? In what ways is this figure’s art consistent with the creative framework of this period?Here’s what you may need to successfully complete this assignment: READ: From the Gardner text (or an equivalent) Chapter 15: pp. 410-437 (file is too big for upload, i can send it to you priviatly VIEW: “History and the Arts- Postmodernism: Design in a Nutshell” (Open University ; 2:24). This is a compact and surprisingly solid explanation of Postmodernism. Start with this one!https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lKomOqYU4MwVIEW: “What is Postmodernism? – The Substance of Style.” Victoria and Albert Museum, UK (12:17).Solid presentation, provides a bit more information AND interviews with architects and artists associated with PoMo.
SMC University Post Modernism Questions Paper

The Effect of pH on Catalase Activity

The Effect of pH on Catalase Activity. Research Question How does the pH environment (pH 4,6,8,10 and no buffer as a control) of the enzyme catalase (taken from the liver of Ovis aries) affect the rate at which Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is broken down (measured in seconds, with ± 1s error)? Personal Engagement Ever since reading a fascinating article[1] on the importance of catalase to the process of life, I have been intensely captivated by the process by which food is digested. My interest was especially piqued when I discovered it helped to break down the toxic hydrogen peroxide in our bodies – but that this hydrogen peroxide is only produced in the first place to prevent the formation of a more toxic substance – superoxide, which ‘rips ions apart’[2]. I was also interested to learn that catalase has the highest turnover numbers of all enzymes – making it one of the fastest acting enzymes in existence. Design of Experiment I was heavily involved in a personal capacity with the design of the experiment. This was achieved through the conduction of a pilot study, where I chose to investigate the effect of pH on the activity of catalase (instead of the effect of changing temperature – an option which was also thought about). In the pilot study, there was a range of independent variables, including the catalase concentration, the volumes of the substances, the volume of the pH buffer and the concentration of hydrogen peroxide After a good deal of trial and error, I decided to use 40 ml of 5vol concentration hydrogen peroxide, and a separate beaker containing 50ml of catalase solution – at a 0.1% concentration. After deliberation, it was decided that the pH buffer (the independent variable) was to be tested at graduated intervals of pH 4, 6, no pH (to serve as a control – leaving the pH at 7), 8 and 12. 15ml of each pH buffer was to be added each time, since during the pilot study we discovered that using 10ml did not give as pronounced effects as desired. Background to Enzyme Catalysis Enzyme catalysis requires that the substrate be brought into close proximity with the active site. When a substrate binds to the enzyme’s active site, it forms an enzyme-substrate complex and the enzyme catalyzes the conversion of the substrate into product (this is the ‘chemical reaction’), creating something called an enzyme-product complex. The enzyme and product then dissociate and since the enzyme was not consumed or used up in the process, it can continue to catalyze further reactions. Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is a toxic substance in the human body, which is often said to be created ‘by accident’ in respiration. The catalase enzyme breaks it down into Hydrogen (H2) and Oxygen (O2). This is an example of the liver performing its function of using specialized enzymes to help it break down toxic substances and thus make them safer for the body to process. Hypothesis The prediction made at the start of the experiment was that the optimum pH for catalase activity was to be somewhere between pH 6 and 8. In the context of the experiment the prediction was that between pH 6 and 8, the time taken for the paper disc to rise would be lowest on average (due to faster H2O2 decomposition). At extremely high pH levels, the charge of the enzyme will be altered. This changes protein solubility and overall shape. This change in shape of the active site diminishes its ability to bind to the substrate, thus annulling the function of the enzyme (catalase in this case). This process of denaturing only occurs when the enzyme is operating in an environment outside of its optimum range. It is hypothesised that the optimum range for catalase in this IA is between pH 6 and pH 8. Independent Variable The independent variable is the value of the pH buffer (from 1-7) which was used in each beaker of H2O2. 15ml was added each time using a graduated syringe. Dependent Variable The dependent variable is the time taken for the paper disc to fall through the 40ml of hydrogen peroxide and rise to the surface of the beaker. It was measured in seconds (s), with an error allowance of ± 1 second, to account for human error on the stopwatch. Control Variables There are four main control variables, which needed to be accounted for in this investigation. Temperature, substrate concentration, enzyme concentration and the presence of an inhibitor all needed to be controlled in order to produce valid results. Temperature If the temperature is low, then this can result in there being insufficient thermal energy to meet the activation energy of the reaction – the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by catalase. If the temperature is increased then the higher kinetic energy will result in more successful collisions between catalase enzymes and hydrogen peroxide substrates. At the optimal temperature – which is 37°C for catalase, then the rate of enzyme activity will be at its peak. Both high and low temperatures (approximately 10°C either side of the optimum) will cause enzyme stability to decrease – since the change in thermal energy will disrupt the hydrogen bonds within the enzyme. This can cause denaturation, following the loss of shape of the active site. How is it controlled? The entire experiment was conducted in a lab – which had a constant temperature of 25°C. In order to increase the temperature of the catalase to the required ‘optimum’ level, a water bath – measured electronically to be 37°C was used. This was monitored throughout the experiment to avoid any unwanted fluctuations. Windows were also covered with blinds to prevent any increase in the general temperature of the laboratory as a result of the sunny conditions outside. Substrate Concentration and Enzyme Concentration For similar reasons to temperature, increasing the substrate concentration (concentration of hydrogen peroxide) or the enzyme concentration (catalase) (initially, will lead to an increase in the rate of reaction. This is because there will be a greater number of successful collisions per unit time between substrate and enzyme. However, beyond the optimum level of substrate concentration – which through our pilot study we found to be 5vol. – the solution becomes saturated, and there is no further increase in rate. Similarly, saturation occurs beyond the optimum level of enzyme concentration – which we found in our pilot study to be 0.1% catalase. How is it controlled? Care was taken to ensure that the correctly labelled solution of hydrogen peroxide was used in each of the five beakers at each of the five pH levels. It was replaced every time the pH was changed (i.e. five times). Care was also taken to ensure that the paper disc was not mistakenly dipped into a stronger or weaker beaker of catalase than the 0.1% concentration that was decided upon. Presence of Inhibitor Inhibitors essentially alter the catalytic action of the enzyme – and can slow down and even stop the process of catalysis. This can be done by competitive, non-competitive and substrate inhibitors. In the case of catalase, two non-competitive inhibitors were identified for special concern. Any heavy metal ions (such as CuSO4) and also potassium cyanide (KCN) can bind to the catalase and decrease its activity. How is it controlled? Before the experiment began, all surfaces, beakers and other apparatus were sterilized and thoroughly cleaned, in order to create an environment that did not contain any enzyme inhibitors. Thus the variables in the environment were kept constant (controlled) to allow for valid results by changing a single variable in the experiment – pH. Method A pilot study was undertaken so that the most effective values – concentrations and volumes – could be determined ahead of the full investigation. In order to represent the full range of the pH scale, values of 4, 6, 8 and 10 (and no pH – leaving the pH at 7 for a control) were used. The time taken for the paper disc to rise and fall was too short when the 5% catalase was used, and similar problems were encountered when a concentration greater than 5vol. was used for the hydrogen peroxide. Finally, due to fluctuation in the results, it was decided to repeat the experiment 5 times at each pH, instead of the original 3 times. It was hoped that this would increase reliability. Pour 40ml of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) at 5vol. concentration into five 50ml beakers. Pour 50ml of catalase solution at 0.1% concentration into a large beaker – for dipping the paper discs. For four of the beakers, add 15ml of the selected pH buffer (beaker 1 – pH 4, beaker 2 – pH 6 and so forth all the way to pH 10). The fifth set should be left without a pH buffer to act as a control. This 15ml should be measured carefully using a graduated syringe. Using the forceps, immerse a paper disc of regular and consistent shape and size (taken from a collection of hole punch detritus) into the catalase solution. Ensure it is well mixed. Remove and shake off any clearly excess catalase solution from the disc. Drop the disc into the beaker of hydrogen peroxide from the consistent height of the top of the beaker, and start the stopwatch as soon as the disc hits the surface of the solution for the first time. Remove and discard the disc into a pre-prepared waste beaker. If the disc settles at the side of the beaker or gest caught on the sides, remove it with the forceps and repeat that trial. Note that the hydrogen peroxide only needs replacing when the pH is altered and should not be replaced between repeats at the same pH value Equipment List – Apparatus and Chemicals Hydrogen Peroxide (5vol.) – 200ml Measuring cylinders – 2 x 50ml (± 0,05ml) Beakers – 5 x 50ml (± 0,05ml) Syringes – 5 x 15ml (± 0,05ml) Stopwatch – the iPhone app was used since it was deemed easier to use than the analogue stopwatches provided by the school (± 1 second) Catalase source from liver of Ovis aries – 50ml at a concentration of 1% in 1 litre of water pH buffer – 15ml each of pH 4, pH 6, pH 8 and pH 10 Paper discs – 25 (plus ample spare discs in case of mistakes) Forceps – thoroughly cleaned beforehand Risk Analysis Safety goggles were worn throughout the experiment due to the fact that most enzymes are sensitizers, and could potentially cause breathing difficulties if inhaled. Additionally, many enzymes – such as catalase can irritate the eyes and the skin. However, due the fact that the catalase enzyme solution used was concentrated at less than 1%, it was deemed unlikely that the experiment contained any significant risk to the group Ethical Considerations On the whole, there were no ethical considerations in the actual practice of the experiment. However, during the pilot study, the group expressed concern over the potential exploitation of the Ovis aries subject from which the liver catalase was obtained. However our teacher assured us that the lamb used had been housed in the most ethically aware institution in Britain, and that the catalase had been obtained without causing pain to the animal. Results Table of Raw Data to show the time taken for the paper disc to rise at different pHs and thus the level of catalase activity at different pHs pH (1-7) Time Taken (s) (±1s) Time Taken (s) (±1s) Time Taken (s) (±1s) Time Taken (s) (±1s) Time Taken (s) (±1s) Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Trial 5 No 2.86 4.50 4.2 6.5 4.48 4 8.25 7.98 10.13 9.76 8.53 6 6.82 6.65 6.50 6.10 5.56 8 6.18 5.55 5.52 6.22 5.56 10 6.76 6.89 7.48 5.78 6.83 Table of Processed Data to show the time taken for the paper disc to rise at different pHs and thus the level of catalase activity at different pHs pH (1-7) Mean Time Taken (s) (±1s) Standard Deviation No 4.51 1.16 4 8.93 0.855 6 6.33 0.504 8 5.81 0.322 10 6.75 0.548 A mean was calculated in order to incorporate all of the data values collected and to counteract the detrimental effect of anomalies. This was done using the following formula. The mean transmission for temperatures at pH 6 for example: (6.82 6.65 6.50 6.10 5.56) ÷ 5 = 6.33 seconds (± 1s) The standard deviation was calculated to show how much the results varied from the mean on average (the spread). This was done using the following formula. The standard deviation for pH at pH 6 for example: The mean is equal to 6.726 and the sum of all deviations from the mean is 1.0172. Hence standard deviation can be worked out by solving the following equation: σ=∑(Xi– Χ̅)2n–1= 1.01725–1 = 0.504 Error bar = 1 standard deviation which is different for each data point There were no especially anomalous results exhibited Conclusion The trend of the data obtained overwhelmingly supports the hypothesis that was made. It is clear that as pH increases and decreases from pH 7, then the time taken for the paper disk to rise and fall through the hydrogen peroxide solution increases. This shows that the more pH varies from the optimum level of pH7, the less active the enzyme catalase becomes in breaking down the hydrogen peroxide, because at low and high pHs less gas is being produced at the same rate to propel the disc upwards. For example, the two most extreme pH values at which the experiment was conducted (pH 4 and pH 10) were also the values at which the paper disc took the most time to fall and rise – 8.93s and 6.75s respectively. This contrasts directly to the amount of time taken by the disc at the optimum pH of 7 – where the average value was the much lower 4.51s. This follows the trend observed in most scientific investigations about the effect of pH on enzyme activity – and resembles the hypothesis diagram from the start of this report. The conclusion to draw from this is that enzymes require a very specific pH in order to operate most efficiently. The results do not entirely represent the perfect trend which was hypothesized at the beginning though. It was expected that the mean time taken (s) (± 1s) for pH 4 and pH 10 would be more similar than 8.93s and 6.75s respectively, due to the fact that these two values are the same difference from the optimum pH (of 7). One possible reason for this is that the amino acids which make up the catalase enzymes are more resistant to alkaline than acidic conditions (since the time taken was longer at the lower pH) – indeed there is a good deal evidence in scientific literature[3] that this is the case. However, the conditions in the human liver for catalase enzyme activity occur at pH 7, suggesting that due to adaptation over time, the body has determined that a neutral pH provides the very best conditions for catalase to operate under. On the whole though, in this investigation pH clearly has had an effect on the ionization of amino acids – the proteins that make up the catalase enzyme. Acidic amino acids contain carboxyl functional groups in their side chains. Basic amino acids contain amine functional groups in their side chains. The state of ionization of the amino acids is altered when the pH is changed. If the conditions become more acidic, then due to the proliferation of H ions, the charge becomes more positive. If the conditions become more alkaline, then due to the proliferation of OH– ions, the charge becomes more negative. As a consequence of this, the hydrogen bonds that determine the 3-D shape of the protein are altered. This is known as denaturing and causes a diminishing activity level from the enzyme catalase. Changes in pH do not only affect the shape of the catalase enzyme but also change the shape or charge properties of the hydrogen peroxide substrate so that the hydrogen peroxide will not bind to the active site and thus cannot undergo catalysis. Evaluation – Data Reliability On the whole, the data that was obtained exhibited a good level of reliability. The standard deviation was low for all data points, with the maximum being 1.16. Hence the data was clustered around the mean, illustrating the fact that there were no wild variations. This consistency is perhaps down to the fact that following the pilot study, where we found the stopwatch quite difficult to use accurately, the iPhone app was used instead – something which enabled us to be far more precise and to obtain more reliable results. It is perhaps down to this that there were no anomalies. The number of data repeats – increased to 5 from an initial 3 in the pilot study – was perfect, both in terms of timing – which emerged as a logistical concern, but also in ensuring that a representative average could be obtained from the data. Evaluation – Limitations and Improvements Limitation of Experiment Systematic (method) or Random (experimental errors) How could this have affected the results and hence the conclusion? Suggestion for amelioration of this problem Beaker size not entirely consistent – since they are designed by humans, and due to meniscus effect the volume of substance in the beaker may be deceptive Systematic This created room for error with regards to the measurements – if too much hydrogen peroxide had been used then the effect of the pH changes on the experiment would be less pronounced and would thus lead to less clear results. This is due to the fact that the human eye is not precise in analysing such measurements Spend some more of the science department budget on mathematically produced beakers which are all precisely the same size. The meniscus effect in liquids can be overcome by using a goniometer – which is an instrument that measures contact angles Paper Discs sank inconsistently Systematic Sometimes the catalase in the filter paper disk reacted too quickly/not quickly enough with the hydrogen peroxide, since there had been different levels of absorption into the paper. This may have contributed to results being variable, as due to this flaw in the method it is difficult to standardise the results with the same conditions A different measurement technique for the production of gas could be used – perhaps a gas syringe if the experiment was conducted in a different way, using different volumes and concentrations of the enzyme and the substrate Catalase concentration varied wildly due to imprecise source (could have come from all sorts of different Ovis aries whose liver concentration of catalase would fluctuate greatly) – so difficult to be exact Systematic Since the higher the concentration of catalase, the higher the rate of reaction, this variation of the nature of the catalase used in different parts of the lab could have caused a lack of accuracy between the sets of trials at each pH value In the future if catalase was taken from the livers of Ovis aries that exhibit similar physical characteristics (size, age, gender etc.) or even simply from the same animal this would improve the accuracy of the results since the catalase concentration would be more consistent. The logistical and financial difficulties of this solution are, of course, noted. Stopwatch inconsistencies remained as a result of human reaction times – despite switching to a more precise method Random This would have directly affected the results – since time was being measured as the dependent variable. Perhaps a more sophisticated or detailed system of time measurement could be used – such as milliseconds. However this does not solve the inherent (and perhaps unsolvable) problem of the delay in human reaction times. Maybe a robotic solution is the only way to eliminate this, with sensors of some sort automatically timing the journey of the paper disk as it falls and rises through the hydrogen peroxide. Ranking of Limitations (1 = most important/significant) Stopwatch inconsistencies – because it is the one that directly influences the final results in the largest way, given that the average human delay in reaction time is approximately 0.25 seconds for a visual stimulus[4]. Paper Disc inconsistencies Beaker Size inconsistencies Catalase Concentration inconsistencies Bibliography – All Accessed May 2019 – http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/biology/bio4fv/page/ph_and_.htm – https://namedprogram.com/understanding-alkalinity-and-acidity-version-2-0/ – https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Physical_and_Theoretical_Chemistry_Textbook_Maps/Supplemental_Modules_(Physical_and_Theoretical_Chemistry)/Physical_Properties_of_Matter/States_of_Matter/Properties_of_Liquids/Contact_Angles – https://backyardbrains.com/experiments/reactiontime – https://sciencing.com/ph-levels-catalase-6826245.html – https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/exploring-enzymes/ – https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/general-science-you-asked/hydrogen-peroxide-bodys-best-defence-system [1] Article about enzymes https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/exploring-enzymes/ (accessed May 2019) [2] Article about superoxide https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/general-science-you-asked/hydrogen-peroxide-bodys-best-defence-system (accessed May 2019) [3] Optimum pH conditions for catalase activity are said to be between pH 7 and pH 11 – https://sciencing.com/ph-levels-catalase-6826245.html (accessed May 2019) [4] ‘The average reaction time for humans is 0.25 seconds to a visual stimulus’ – https://backyardbrains.com/experiments/reactiontime (accessed May 2019) The Effect of pH on Catalase Activity

Cuyamaca College University Application Questions Paper

Cuyamaca College University Application Questions Paper.

What piece of advice would you share with your younger self? Describe what experience or realization led you to this understanding. (50 to 150 words)q2. Tell us about something that is meaningful to you, and why. (100 to 250 words) q3. What is the most significant challenge that society faces today? (50 word limit)q4. What historical moment or event do you wish you could have witnessed? (50 word limit)q7. What is the best compliment you have received? Who gave you this compliment? (50 word limit)q8. Reflect on an idea or experience that makes you genuinely excited about learning. (100 to 250 words)
Cuyamaca College University Application Questions Paper