Essay PurposeIn this essay, students will learn to analyze and understand the purpose of Socratic dialectical reasoning as a form of persuasive argumentation in Allegory of the Cave.
Required Texts Needed to Write This EssayPlato’s Allegory of the Cave from The Republic (Links to an external site.) (click link to open reading).
Optional Video that can help you better understand the Allegory of the Cave: Plato’s Allegory of the Cave film by Alex Gendler
We’ll continue to draw examples from the same Rise of Superman (Links to an external site.)chapters assigned for Essay 1.Preface: “The Why of Flow”
Introduction: “Before the Flow”
Chapter 1 “The Way of Flow” on skateboarder Danny Way jumping the Great Wall of China
Chapter 2 “The Wave of Flow” on big wave surfer Laird Hamilton
Chapter 3 “The Where of Flow” on free solo rock climber Dean Potter
Chapter 6 “Outer Flow” on extreme solo kayaker Doug Ammons in the Stikine
Read Laurie Santos and Tamar Gendler’s article “Knowing is Half the Battle”. (Links to an external site.)
Read Model Student Essay Two for a nice example of what you should aim for in your own essay.MLA Style FormattingUse this MLA style template to help you format your essay properly.InstructionsIntroduction Paragraph (3/4 page)
Start with a hook that grabs the reader’s interest and introduces the essay topic.
Next, describe the setting and plot of Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave.” For this assignment, we will refer to the prisoner who leaves the cave as “the philosopher.”
Then add a transition sentence that credits Kotler’s book (by his full author name and title) and introduces the perspective of extreme sports athletes.
End with your introduction paragraph with a 1 sentence thesis statement that is specific, concise, clear, and arguable.
Thesis (one sentence)
Thesis Question: Pick 2 Platonic arguments (from the Allegory of the Cave in The Republic) from the following list. Do you think Kotler’s extreme sport athletes would support and / or reject your two chosen Plato claims?
To avoid misreading Plato’s more complex ideas, please limit yourself to choosing two ideas from this list and avoid going outside it.
When discussing these ideas in your Essay 2, restate them in your own words. Do not quote from this prompt.
List of Plato’s ideas for your thesis:
We cannot trust our senses to give us reliable truths about the world because information we get from our senses will always deceive us. We can only trust our intellect when making important decisions.
It is painful to challenge yourself to leave the world you know, but what you gain from the experience is worth it because you will discover the ultimate meaning in life.
The greatest good in any person’s life is to become a philosopher who strives to educate his intellect in order to discover universal truths.
Society needs trailblazers who are willing to risk the discomfort of exploring the unknown because those trailblazers will return to lead and teach others in society.
Possible 3 thesis types:A thesis where you argue the athletes might support one Plato idea but reject another one.
A thesis where you argue the athletes support both Plato ideas
A thesis where you argue the athletes reject both Plato ideas.
Very Important Requirement: Provide examplesfrom the stories of at least 2 of the athletes featured in assigned chapters of Kotler’s Rise of Superman: Danny Way, Laird Hamilton, Dean Potter, Doug Ammons, and Shane McConkey.
Support your thesis by providing quotations from Plato’s Allegory of the Cave from The Republic. Avoid quoting from the video.
Make sure to follow up all quotations with a 4-5 sentence explanation of how they support your topic sentence claim.
Provide 3 Body Paragraphs. The first two body paragraphs will support your thesis. The third body paragraph will contain your counterargument and rebuttal.
Each body paragraph should be restricted to supporting one specific thesis idea. There should not be multiple main ideas in one paragraph.
Each body paragraph should discussion one idea that supports the thesis; in other words, body paragraphs should not repeat ideas from previous paragraphs and should not contain more than one main idea.
Restate your thesis using new wording and phrasing so you are not simply cutting and pasting.
End with some interesting reflections on the topic that go beyond merely repeating what you said earlier.
Organization TipsThesis formation: The thesis should subdivide into the same number of points as your total number of body paragraphs. If you have two body paragraphs, your thesis would subdivide into two points. Thesis needs to be the last sentence of your introduction. The thesis should fully answer the essay question. It should also be specific, concise, and arguable.
Body Paragraph Organization and Unity: Each body paragraph should discussion one idea that supports the thesis; in other words, body paragraphs should not repeat ideas from previous paragraphs and should not contain more than one main idea.
Topic Sentences: Each body paragraph must begin with a topic sentence that tells the reader which thesis idea that paragraph will be about.
Concluding Sentences: Each body paragraph should end with a concluding sentence that restates topic sentence main ideas and adds supportive reasoning. The goal is to summarize the main examples you covered in that body paragraph.
Quotations: You will need to support any assertions you make with a discussion of quotations from the texts assigned. All quotations should have an introductory phrase and should use the following MLA format: Westwick and Neushul write, “XX” (24).
Quotation Analysis: All quotations should be followed by 4-5 or more sentences that provide a detailed explanation of how the quotation supports your body paragraph’s main idea.
Title: Divided into two parts separated by a colon. Centered. Double-spaced like your heading and the rest of your paper. Capitalize all key words. Should be a fragment. Not underlined or in boldface. No period at the end of the title. Your title should not just copy the title of this essay prompt or the title of the readings. Example:Myth Topic: Your Two Thesis Ideas
Conclusion: A place for you to summarize your thesis and add any last reflections on your topic. Should be no longer than half of a page.
Essay formatting: Use MLA format. For help, see Purdue University OWL website and click on the MLA section.
Number of Paragraphs: In order to pass, your essay must have an introduction that ends in a thesis statement, two body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
RubricEssay RubricEssay RubricCriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeThesis10 ptsFull Marks0 ptsNo Marks10 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSelection
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