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English Pronunciation And Accent For Students English Language Essay

The Language has three basic constituents: Sound, structure and vocabulary. The main problem of language learning is to master its sound system, to understand the streams of speech, to hear the distinctive sound features and to approximate their production .Accuracy Of sound, rhythm of innovation, structural forms and arrangement within a limited range of expression must be acquired first before the other linguistic aspect of the language. Correct pronunciation imparts clarity to the speech and correct tone. It makes the language more fluent. It makes an impression on the mind of the listener. The pronunciation has to be learnt through constant and sustained practices. This section provides the different sounds and practices to master the English pronunciation. Received PronunciTION Like all languages English has wide variation in its pronunciation. The variation is especially salient in English because the language is spoken over such a wide territory, being the predominant language in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States, South Africa and India. Although there are many dialects of English, the Received Pronunciation is usually used as the standard accent. To learn the exact pronunciation of the words in English language we need to first identify the different speech, sounds in English language. There are 44 sounds in English language and they are divided into vowels sounds and consonant sounds. There are 20 vowels and 24 consonants. The vowels sounds are further classified into Monophthongs and diphthongs. Monophthongs are either short or long. VOWEL SOUND A vowel sound is produced by the free flow of air. During the articulation of vowel sound,the active articulator is raised towards the passive articulator in such a way that there is a sufficient gap between the two for air to escape through the mouth without friction. For example when we say True the air escapes freely and continuously without any friction. To begin with we first focus on the vowel sound. The vowel sound is the nucleus of the word. No word can exist without it. The consonant sound is the marginal element. It appears either before of after the nucleus. The Consonant sound at the beginning of the nucleus is called the releasing consonant and the one at the end is called the arresting consonant for egg. PICK –pik p is known as the releasing consonant. Examples of short vowels: /ɪ/ in kit and mirror, /ÊŠ/ in put, /e/ in dress and merry, /ÊŒ/ in strut and curry, /æ/ in trap and marry, /É’/ in lot and orange, /É™/ in ago and sofa. Examples of long vowels: /iː/ in fleece, /uː/ in goose, /ɜː/ in nurse, /ɔː/ in north and thought, /ɑː/ in father and start. RP’s long vowels are slightly diphthongised. Especially the high vowels /iː/ and /uː/ which are often narrowly transcribed in phonetic literature as diphthongs [ɪi] and [ÊŠu]. “Long” and “short” are relative to each other. Because of phonological process affecting vowel length, short vowels in one context can be longer than long vowels in another context. In addition to such length distinctions, unstressed vowels are both shorter and more centralized than stressed ones. In unstressed syllables occurring before vowels and in final position, contrasts between long and short high vowels are neutralized and short [i] and [u] occur.[ CONSONANT SOUND A consonant sound may be defined as a speech sound that is produced with stoppage of air. For Ex ample when we say the word CUP to pronounce the initial /k/ and the final /p/the voice or breathe is particularly hindered by the tongue teeth, lip or other organ of articulation. The consonant sounds are classified according to the nature of the constrictions plosives friction, affricated , and lateral consonants. The sound of the language is known as phonemes. Phoneme is a minimal,distinctive, functional unit of the sound system of a language. Phonetics is the science of speech sounds, their production,transmission and reception, It studies the medium of spoken language. To learn the pronunciation and improve spoken Phonetic transcription. It may be defined as a way of representing speech sounds through symbols. A phonemic symbol represents each English sound. It is important to learn the phonemic symbol to acquire the accurate pronunciation because these symbols help to recognise the sound easily. knowledge of these symbols is useful while referring a Dictionary. It helps to know the pronunciation of the word. PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION It may be defined as a way of representing speech sounds through symbols. A phonemic symbol represents each English sound. To acquire the exact pronunciation it is important to learn phonemic transcription. This helps to identify the sounds easily .Knowledge of these symbols is useful while referring to a dictionary. The table below contains the list of these pronunciation symbols; VOWELS PHONEMIC SYMBOLS Monophthongs Front Central Back long short long short long short Close iː ɪ uː ÊŠ Mid e ɜː É™ ɔː Open æ ÊŒ ɑː É’ EXAMPLES Symbols words /e/ bet, let, men /i/ sit, lit, bit /É”/ hot, shot , pot /ÊŒ/ hut, but, nut / æ / bat, mat, sat /u/ would, could, should / É™ / ago, aloud, about DIPHTHONGS SYMBOLS EXAMPLES Diphthong Example Closing /eɪ/ /beɪ/ Bay cake, lake, play /aɪ/ /baɪ/ buy /ɔɪ/ /bɔɪ/ boy /əʊ/ /bəʊ/ beau /aÊŠ/ /baÊŠ/ bough Centring /ɪə/ /bɪə/ beer /eÉ™/ /beÉ™/ bear /ÊŠÉ™/ /bÊŠÉ™/ boor CONSONANT SYMBOLS Consonant phonemes of Received Pronunciation Bilabial Labio- dental Dental Alveolar Post- alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Nasal m n Å‹ Plosive p b t d k g Affricate tʃ dÊ’ Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ Ê’ h Approximant ɹ j w Lateral l Nasals and liquids may be syllabic in unstressed syllables. /ð/ is more often a weak dental plosive; the sequence /nð/ is often realized as [n̪n̪]. /h/ becomes [ɦ] between voiced sounds. /ɹ/ is postalveolar unless devoicing results in a voiceless fricative articulation (see below). /l/ is velarized in the syllable coda. Unless preceded by /s/, fortis plosives (/p/, /t/, and /k/) are aspirated before stressed vowels; when a sonorant /l/, /ɹ/, /w/, or /j/ follows, this aspiration is indicated by partial devoicing of the sonorant. Syllable final /p/, /t/, /tʃ/, and /k/ are preceded by a glottal stop; /t/ may be fully replaced by a glottal stop, especially before a syllabic nasal (button [bɐʔnÌ©]). SYMBOLS EXAMPLES /P/ Pin, pick /b/ but, cup /t/ tin, stick /d/ bud , doll /k/ could, cake /g/ girl, mug / tʃ / church, chew / dÊ’ / jug, judge /f/ graph, fast /v/ give, vary / θ / theory, earth / ð / mother, further /s/ sea, ask /z/ zero, design / ʃ / ash, shift / Ê’ / garage, pleasure /m/ machine, charm /n/ nature, born / Å‹ / ring, king /h/ hymn, harp /l/ life, style /l/ /r/ rose, correct /w/ water, work, /j/ yes, you DUALITY OF LETTERS AND SOUNDS Duality of letters and sounds mean that there is no one to one correspondence between letters and sounds in English. Different letters may represent different sounds . Following table gives example of words where different letters represent the same sound. /s/ see, censor, miss /SH/ chef, mention, passion /z/ zoo, season /k/ kill, sick, chemistry / ee/ key, deal, physique / oo/ movie, soup, true /AH/ market, fast, aunt, heart ACCENT Word Stress in English Word stress is the key to understand spoken English. In English, we do not say each syllable with the same force or strength. In one word, we accentuate ONE syllable. We say one syllable very loudly (big, strong, important) and all the other syllables very quietly for example if we say photograph, photographer and photographic. They do not sound similar because we accentuate (stress) ONE syllable in each word. And it is not always the same syllable. So the shape of each word is different . shape total syllables stressed syllable PHO TO GRAPH 3 #1 PHO TO GRAPH ER 4 #2 PHO TO GRAPH IC 4 #3 This happens in all words with two or more syllables: TEACHer, JaPAN, CHINa, aBOVE, converSAtion, INteresting, imPORtant, deMAND, etCETera, etCETera, etCETera The syllables that are not stressed are ‘weak’ or ‘small’ or ‘quiet’. Native speakers of English listen for the STRESSED syllables, not the weak syllables. If you use word stress in your speech, you will instantly and automatically improve your pronunciation and comprehension There are two very important rules about word stress: One word, one stress. (One word cannot have two stresses. So if you hear two stresses, you have heard two words, not one word.) The stress is always on a vowel. The stress in English language can be learned by listening to engish news on radio or television. This serves as a good practice exercise to learn the right stress pattern. Sentence Stress in English Sentence stress is the music of spoken English. Like word stress, sentence stress can help you to understand spoken English, especially when spoken fast. Sentence stress is what gives English its rhythm or “beat”. You remember that word stress is accent on one syllable within a word. Sentence stress is accent on certain words within a sentence. Most sentences have two types of word: content words structure words Content words are the key words of a sentence. They are the important words that carry the meaning or sense. Structure words are not very important words. They are small, simple words that make the sentence correct grammatically. They give the sentence its correct form or “structure”. If you remove the structure words from a sentence, you will probably still understand the sentence. If you remove the content words from a sentence, you will not understand the sentence. The sentence has no sense or meaning. Imagine that you receive this telegram message: Will you SELL me CAR because I’m GONE to FRANCE This sentence is not complete. It is not a “grammatically correct” sentence. But you probably understand it. These 4 words communicate very well. Somebody wants you to sell their car for them because they have gone to France. We can add a few words: Will you SELL my CAR because I’ve GONE to FRANCE The new words do not really add any more information. But they make the message more correct grammatically. We can add even more words to make one complete, grammatically correct sentence. But the information is basically the same: Content Words Will you SELL my CAR because I’ve GONE to FRANCE. Structure Words Why is this important for pronunciation? It is important because it adds “music” to the language. It is the rhythm of the English language. It changes the speed at which we speak (and listen to) the language. The time between each stressed word is the same. In our sentence, there is 1 syllable between SELL and CAR and 3 syllables between CAR and GONE. But the time (t) between SELL and CAR and between CAR and GONE is the same. We maintain a constant beat on the stressed words. To do this, we say “my” more slowly, and “because I’ve” more quickly. We change the speed of the small structure words so that the rhythm of the key content words stays the same. syllables 2 1 3 1 Will you SELL my CAR because I’ve GONE to FRANCE. t1 beat t1 beat t1 beat t1 beat Important rules of word stress 1 Stress on first syllable rule example Most 2-syllable nouns PRESent, EXport, CHIna, TAble Most 2-syllable adjectives PRESent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy 2 Stress on last syllable rule example Most 2-syllable verbs to preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to beGIN 3 Stress on penultimate syllable (penultimate = second from end) rule example Words ending in -ic GRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGic Words ending in -sion and -tion teleVIsion, reveLAtion 4 Stress on ante-penultimate syllable (ante-penultimate = third from end) rule example Words ending in -cy, -ty, -phy and -gy deMOcracy, dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOLogy Words ending in -al CRItical, geoLOGical 5 Compound words (words with two parts) rule example For compound nouns, the stress is on the first part BLACKbird, GREENhouse For compound adjectives, the stress is on the second part bad-TEMpered, old-FASHioned For compound verbs, the stress is on the second part to underSTAND, to overFLOW
short paper. I don’t know how to handle this English question and need guidance.

Intersecting Systems
Kimberlé Crenshaw coined the term “intersectionality” and has defined this as “a lens through which you can see where power comes and collides, where it interlocks and intersects. It’s not simply that there’s a race problem here, a gender problem here, and a class or LBGTQ problem there. Many times that framework erases what happens to people who are subject to all of these things” (Crenshaw 2018).
For this assignment, you will select a current event or issue from a news source and analyze it from an intersectional perspective. This analysis asks you to take something apart, look at all the pieces, examine how they fit together, and explore the implications.
Directions and Components
Find a news feature or story that expresses an issue, policy, or program that relates to intersecting systems in American society. Example sources for news stories include:Washington Post, National Review, NY Times, Wall Street Journal, Vox, Christian Science Monitor, Huffington Post, or Atlantic, although you may pick a news story from wherever you get your news.
Step 1: Select a news feature on a story the relates to intersecting systems.
Respond to the following questions in your analysis:o What are the intersecting systems in this situation?o How are they intersecting?o What is missing from this conversation?o What is the social impact of it not being said?
Step 2: Write a brief analysis of the news feature.
Please make sure it is double-spaced with 12-point font. You will need to reference and cite one of this week’s readings to situate your analysis within the larger conversation about intersecting systems.
Provide a link to your source in your composition.
For additional guidelines, refer to the Assignment Rubric, available in the course syllabus and attached to the assignment in Blackboard (to view in Blackboard, click on the title of this assignment, navigate to the View Rubric button, and click).

short paper

Lacoste Brand Evaluation Essay. Lacoste is a luxury brand that has mostly relies on online distribution channels for its marketing and public relations exercises. Through this online strategy, Lacoste is able to maintain its position as a luxury brand. Direct channel marketing in Lacoste’s case involves use of various tennis and golf personalities, a strategy that has been a trademark of the brand since its inception. However, the brand ventures into online marketing in the late 1990s in a bid to remain a relevant trendsetting brand. Although some of the brand’s merchandise can be found in departmental stores, its most exclusive items are only available to consumers through its website. As a luxury brand, Lacoste enjoys both advantages and disadvantages of direct channel marketing. One advantage of direct channel marketing is that it helps maintain the status of Lacoste as a luxury brand. All potential customers are aware of where they can access the luxury brand’s items. Use of retailers makes the brand more visible and easily accessible but it also has the potential to make it a household name thereby eliminating its exclusivity. Direct channel marketing also helps Lacoste to avoid high instances of bootlegging that are often associated with other luxury brands. It is common knowledge that some luxury brands such as ‘Dolce N Gabana’, Chanel, and Gucci among others are often the target of counterfeiters. The reason for this vulnerability is that these are easily accessible through the ordinary retail channels. Therefore, customers are not able to verify the manufacturer’s signature distribution channels when they are purchasing these items. On the other hand, Lacoste’s most exclusive and pricy items are often sold through its website and customers are assured of the brand’s quality when they make purchases through this channel. Direct channels also give Lacoste a global reach at a low cost. For instance, 90% of Lacoste’s total purchases are from countries outside France. In addition, the company has presence in over 114 countries around the world (Lacoste, 2015). Direct channel marketing enables a company to “connect consumers with its product, especially via a web-based channel….most importantly, web-based selling has low overhead and gives a product a potentially global reach (Kapferer, 2012). In this day and age, direct channel distribution comes with a convenience that is better than that of indirect channels. Consequently, a direct channel means that consumers can be able to access Lacoste’s product anytime of the day and also have them delivered to their doorsteps. As a luxury product, Lacoste also aims to give its customer’s ‘luxurious’ service through its online channels. Indirect channels deny Lacoste control over the level of service that is offered to its customers. One disadvantage of using direct channels is that it denies Lacoste’s products a verifiable geographical reach. For instance, not all global consumers are conversant with online shopping. Consequently, Lacoste cannot realize its full market share through its current online forums. Lacoste’s direct channel strategies also mean that the company lacks the services of specialists in various fields (Nicolau, 2013). The company’s main goal is to achieve a certain level of quality in all its products in line with its croc logo. However, it is apparent that the company neglects other aspects of business such as marketing and web-design. For example, a quick glance at Lacoste’s website does not reflect the luxury aspect of the brand. Other similar luxury brands have done a better job in marketing and web design. Indirect channels can grant Lacoste access to various experts in fields such as marketing and branding. Luxury brands should only sell their brands online because their most prized asset is their brand names. Consequently, the ability to maintain brand integrity is a main priority for most brands. Online avenues eliminate the chances of proliferation of counterfeited products and increase consumers’ level of confidence. For example, if a certain product is never stocked in retail outlets, this would reduce the value of other similar fake products. Another reason why it is prudent to market luxury products online is that this avenue gives luxury products a global reach (Nicolau, 2013). In the information age, most luxury products are recognizable throughout the world. However, their access in the global front might be limited by the manufacturers’ choice of marketing channels. Marketing luxury products online does not reduce their ‘luxurious’ aspect of a certain product as it was earlier assumed. Some of the websites that specialize in luxury products utilize modern information-technology tools such as high-resolution imagery to maintain a high level of luxurious appeal. On the other hand, the retail market environment features several aspiring luxury brands. Consequently, a legitimate online luxury brand has an obvious advantage because it means the item has achieved a certain level of legitimacy. A luxury brand that sells products through online channels also means that manufacturers have an avenue of tracking consumer response and feedback. For example, some online shops allow users to post pictures of themselves sporting the items that they purchased. This avenue can also act as additional advertising in for a luxury brand. References Kapferer, N. (2012). The luxury strategy: break the rules of marketing to build luxury brands. New York: Kogan Page Publishers. Lacoste. (2015, November 15). Lacoste: What’s new. Retrieved from Nicolau, L. (2013). Direct versus indirect channels: Differentiated loss aversion in a high-involvement, non-frequently purchased hedonic product. European Journal of Marketing, 47(2), 260-278. Lacoste Brand Evaluation Essay

Mississippi University for Women Sympathy Literature Essay

Mississippi University for Women Sympathy Literature Essay.

Essay Instructions:Write an essay, a minimum of 400 words and no more than 700, in response to and analyzing (Paul Laurence Dunbar “Sympathy” pp. 1099, Vol. C). In your analysis of the piece you chose, speak back to it from your own critical thinking, personal experience, and values. Think of your response as your analysis of how the text tries to influence its readers rhetorically and how your wrestling with the text has expanded and deepened your thinking about its ideas. The essay must be in MLA style with use proper in-text citations. No outside sources allowed. Only use the textbook (Norton Anthology of American Literature, Vols. C, D, and E, 9th Edition), properly cited on your Works Cited and in your parenthetical citations.
Mississippi University for Women Sympathy Literature Essay

CMU Yoga Video Analysis Cross Crawl Exercise Relaxing the Mind & Body Discussion

java assignment help CMU Yoga Video Analysis Cross Crawl Exercise Relaxing the Mind & Body Discussion.

CMU Yoga Video Analysis Cross Crawl Exercise Relaxing the Mind & Body Discussion

Real Estate Law, Blue Book in text citation and reference page, 500+Words

Real Estate Law, Blue Book in text citation and reference page, 500+Words.

Apple Orchard Apartments rented a unit to Polly for $1000 per month. Polly paid the first two months’ rent for June and July, but then her Air Conditioning unit broke and Apple Orchard has not repaired it. Polly has refused to pay rent for August and September in protest.
Questions to Answer:
1. What are the rights and responsibilities of each party? Assume a general lease agreement as discussed in your text.
2. What does Washington state say would happen? Is there any law that requires a residential unit that is leased to have AC?

Real Estate Law, Blue Book in text citation and reference page, 500+Words

SOCW 6443 WU Diagnosing Abuse of Prescription Drugs in Teenagers Report Essay

SOCW 6443 WU Diagnosing Abuse of Prescription Drugs in Teenagers Report Essay.

roject: Final Paper: Questions and Controversies in Clinical PsychopharmacologyFor this Final Paper, consider controversies you encountered throughout this course or that surround your personal or professional experience that you have a desire to address. Select a question or controversy that involves the intersection of psychopharmacological treatment and the mental health profession.Possible topics for the Final Paper include:
Something that is currently occurring in your community
Something that is currently occurring in a given population
A problem identified in the media
A controversy discussed in scholarly journals
A controversy about a specific diagnosis
Investigate online and in the Walden Library to select full-text, peer-reviewed articles to support your Final Paper. You may also consider interviewing an identified expert in the field.For this Final Paper Assignment, review the Final Paper Guidelines and Final Paper Rubric found in the Course Information section of the course.Your Final Paper should incorporate any feedback you received from your Instructor. The Final Paper should be a minimum of 12–13 pages in length, not including the title page, abstract, or references. The Final Paper should include at least 10 references.By Day 7The Final Paper should include:
An analysis of the question or controversy you selected including central arguments for various sides of the controversy
An explanation of how the question or controversy relates to clinical applications as a helping professional
An explanation of how you might reconcile the question or controversy in your current or future professional role
Bibliography of resources
Follow proper APA format guidelines and use your Learning Resources and your personal research to support your paper.
SOCW 6443 WU Diagnosing Abuse of Prescription Drugs in Teenagers Report Essay

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