ENG 1C PCC Ecological Issues the Implications of The Work of Leopold Discussion.
I’m working on a english question and need a sample draft to help me learn.
Our writing practice continues. This is all preparation for an essay. After you have actively read these two poignant chapters from the Almanac, review your annotations and engage in reflection. Upon reflection and review, we can see that there is more here than first meets the eye, so to speak. This is actually an implied philosophical argument. What are the implications of Leopold’s work? Can you begin to connect what you have read and watched so far? Can you find a way to integrate ecological principles and concepts with this philosophical outlook?Answer the questions below. Think about your own writing as you ponder his.Good Oak KEY CONCEPT: CONNECTIONSWe are connected to the world around us through the food we eat and the resources we use. Work can connect us to the pieces of the natural world that support us and to the history they embody.QUESTIONS 1. Leopold worries people no longer truly know where heat or food comes from. Think about what you had for breakfast. Do you know where it actually came from? Have you ever been to a farm? Do you heat your dwelling with coal, natural gas, wood, corn, electricity? How is the electricity generated? Do you agree that there could actually be a “spiritual danger” in not knowing the source of your food and energy? Why or why not?2. The oak tree acts as kind of natural history text that tells the history of conservation in Wisconsin. Imagine using a tree in your yard or neighborhood to tell a history of your town, neighborhood, and family. What would your story be? Axe-in-Hand KEY CONCEPT: DECISIONS AND VALUESLeopold asserted that each piece of land looks the way it does today because of past decisions. He suggests that any decision reflects our personal and collective values and biases. Each person will formulate their decisions differently, but by thinking about the ultimate effect of your actions, you can choose the evidence you will leave behind for others.QUESTIONS3. Leopold states that pines are his favorite trees. Do you have a favorite kind of tree or plant? What is it about that particular species that you like? Does liking it make you want to think of ways that you could favor its growth?4. How has the land where you live changed within your lifetime? Are there decisions that have become your “signatures” on this area? Go online and locate if possible old photos of Los Angeles or your hometown. What did Pasadena look like more than 100 years ago? What would it look like without buildings and roads?5. Leopold writes there are many definitions of a conservationist; his own definition is one who is thinking “while chopping, or deciding what to chop.” Can you relate to this metaphor? How might we relate this idea about critical thinking to our current environmental crisis? How would you define “conservation” today?
explore how (variable of your choice) relating to race/ethnicity (with the option of including gender or class) facilitates or impedes academic achievement in high school.. I’m working on a Sociology question and need guidance to help me study.
ENG 1C PCC Ecological Issues the Implications of The Work of Leopold Discussion
This research project invites you to better understand how racial/ethnic identity might affect educational achievement. Your assignment is to prepare a RESEARCH PROSPECTUS as if you were to engage in a year-long, ethnographic research project in Oakland Technical High School (you will not do the actual research).
Prompt: your research proposal will explore how (variable of your choice) relating to race/ethnicity (with the option of including gender or class) facilitates or impedes academic achievement in high school.
Your final research prospectus should be between 1900 and 2200 words (6-7 pages) typed and double-spaced. Points will be deducted from longer or shorter essays. The final version of this project is due Tuesday, Dec. 17.
Remember that the research prospectus reflects your individual work. If you worked well with other students when gathering scholarly articles for the literature review, you are welcome to peer edit each other’s papers, but the final research prospectus must be your own work. I’ve included a link to the research prospectus criteria above. You can also find this file in the Research Prospectus module.
There are basic steps common to every research proposal.
1) Introduction: present your research question and tell us why it is important.
2) Literature Review (the longest section): tell us what other scholars have said about your research question. It would be an excellent strategy to point out an unanswered question in the existing research that you hope your research will address.
3) Methodology: tell us how you will gather your data to answer your research question and why this is an effective strategy for finding answers to your research question.
4) Conclusion: explain why your research question is significant. Note that because you have not yet conducted your research, you cannot answer your research question, but you can reiterate the importance of your research question, (i.e., why we should want to find an answer to your question–or, if you were submitting this proposal to a grant-giving agency, why they should fund your research!).
Table of Contents Inpatient services Setting of Acute inpatient rehabilitation units Trends on the acute inpatient rehabilitation units Impact of the trends Analysis of the trends References Inpatient services In the United States, several inpatient settings exist within the healthcare system. Inpatient care takes place when an ailing person spends one patient day in a healthcare facility. On this note, across several facilities in the US, the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and systems has been used as an important tool by different hospitals in gauging the patients’ experiences during their inpatient durations at the facilities (Niles, 2011). Based on this tool, many hospitals are now conversant with the collection and evaluation of patient experiences. Setting of Acute inpatient rehabilitation units The acute inpatient initiative takes care of patients of over eighteen years who need broad psychiatric assessment as well as treatment to bring their psychiatric warning signs into a state of stability. Also, the patients who require demanding and safe situations are offered with the prospect of crisis intercession and individualized together with structured treatments (Niles, 2011). Moreover, in the acute inpatient units, patients with problems arising from loss of functions due to injuries as well as ailments are enabled to become autonomous in carrying out their daily chores. The constraints that the acute patients face in individual care comes about due to impaired mobility as well as balance and coordination. Restricted vigor and the scope of movement are also ingredients for the inability of the acute rehab patients to carry out their daily activities (Niles, 2011). Also, the acute rehab patients face the problem of constrained ability of individual care due to loss of sensation, visual and perception troubles together with ingestion muddles and communication problems. Moreover, cognitive dysfunctions characterized by failure in learning and memorizing information as well as organizing, focus, and shifting of attention deprives the acute rehab inpatients of the ability to perceive correctly the environment and to perform calculations (Pozgar, 2007). The acute inpatient services offer wide-ranging remedies for patients through diverse categories of diagnoses. To begin with, the facilities provide diagnosis for amputation as well as arthritis. Secondly, brain surgery, burns, manifold shocks, hip fractures, and cerebrovascular catastrophes are other varieties of analyses for acute inpatients. Further, structural deformities that are experienced at birth are diagnosed at the acute rehabilitation units. Neurological complications such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and polyneuropathy as well as Guillain-Barre are also examined at the acute inpatient units (Kurtzman, 2010). Additionally, orthopedic conditions and syndromes such as gout and osteoporosis are diagnosed at the acute inpatient units. Spinal cord injuries and conditions arising from heart ailments are examined in the acute inpatient centers. In the acute inpatient units, the acute therapy unit utilizes an interdisciplinary paradigm in the achievement of successful treatment (Pozgar, 2007). In other words, the rehabilitation team integrates diverse discipline models into a lone discussion. In this regard, the rehabilitation teams together with the patients assess the history as well as come up with the interventions as well as short-term and long-term management goals (Pozgar, 2007). Through, the patient involvement, the patients are provided with opportunities of exploring diverse avenues that ensure the best outcomes from their conditions. Generally, the interdisciplinary approach is patient-centered thus making it preferred over multidisciplinary approach. Nevertheless, the interdisciplinary approach faces the shortcoming of conventional hierarchies and dominant personality types (Wennberg et al., 2009). Through the individualized treatments, the patients’ functional capabilities are enhanced (Pozgar, 2007). The treatment team encompasses the medical directors, rehabilitation nurses, physical, occupational and language therapists together with social managers. The team plays vital roles in encouraging the inpatients to get out of bed and involve themselves in daily care activities to enhance autonomy (Pozgar, 2007). Further, the physicians, discharge planners as well as medical care managers undertake referral services. Of importance, before acute inpatients are admitted in the rehab units, they undergo pre-admission screening to enable the determination of the patients to have the prospects of benefits from the hospital-based initiatives (Wennberg et al., 2009). Trends on the acute inpatient rehabilitation units Over the years, there has been a steady decline in the number of inpatient beds for example in psychiatric therapies in the US. In essence, the policy initiatives of both public and private sectors have been at the forefront in encouraging short-term as well as the crisis-stabilization paradigm of psychotherapy (Kurtzman, 2010). Due to such policies, the country has seen an escalating trend in readmissions, overcrowding of emergency rooms as well as increased number of patients being locked up in the criminal justice structures (Wennberg et al., 2009). The American society faces serious health obstacles in the management of acute inpatient units in the present day. Moreover, most states such as Chicago show a waning trend in the utilization rates of inpatient services. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Today, the admittance of patients suffering from acute problems takes place at the general hospital units if not the private acute inpatient rehabilitation units. Based on such factors, the acute inpatient rehabilitation units are replaced by outpatient services as well as community-based and residential services (Kurtzman, 2010). Also, studies show that there has been an increasing trend in the number of patients being readmitted to hospitals (Wennberg et al., 2009). For instance, according to the New England journal of medicine, twenty-five percent of patients suffering from neurosis were readmitted to hospitals within a month, which is one of the highest levels of neurosis diagnoses in the history of the American society. In reality, the increased readmissions have led to overcapacity in the inpatient facilities as well as increasing amounts of time taken in the emergency rooms. Worth noting, the government policies, and programs have been shifted immense expenditures on criminal justice and social welfare at the expense of the healthcare systems (Wennberg et al., 2009). As such, the patients are unable to acquire the much-needed treatments effectively. In fact, in the modern society, many citizens view hospital therapies as an oxymoron. In essence, the operations of most inpatient and outpatient facilities are constrained by the economic, regulatory and legal aspects described in the crisis stabilization paradigm. In other words, admission into the acute inpatient facilities entails several necessities (Pozgar, 2007). For example, patients must provide proof of the acuteness of their conditions. Also, larger proportions of admissions are involuntary. Therefore, legal constraints review the admissions of inpatients thereby leading to discharge of patients who fail to acuteness criteria. In several cases, the health professionals have not been able to respond to emergency calls promptly thereby dealing with treatments of inpatients as well as failing to carry out physical examinations on the inpatients. Impact of the trends With the diminishing trends in the number of patients accessing the acute inpatient services, several changes have arisen in the way hospitals engage in the provision of inpatient services (Pozgar, 2007). For instance, most hospitals have shifted their operations not only from the context of acute care diagnostic and therapy activities but also to a cultural modification that is centered on quality value delivery. In other words, the clinical activities on the inpatients are indicated by their conditions (Wennberg et al., 2009). Further, inpatient rehabilitation facilities due to overcrowding and high costs have been forced to undertake capacity planning as well as building initiatives aimed at reducing costs and congestions within the facilities. Moreover, with the decline in the utilization of inpatient facilities, healthcare models of operations are being transformed (Pozgar, 2007). Many inpatient hospital facilities are embracing value-based care and fee-for-service systems to remain relevant in the provision of inpatient services. Analysis of the trends The trends in the utilization of inpatient services signal the shift to the new healthcare models that are value-based care services (Wennberg et al., 2009). Studies indicate that over seventy percent of the US states registered over a four percent drop in the number of patients utilizing the acute inpatient services between the years 2006 and 2011 (Pozgar, 2007). The drop can be attributed to economic downturns. Additionally, declines of over ten percent among the patients covered by Medicare are attributed to financial incentives of new value-based payment models and standardized care approaches that are imperative in the reduction of care variations (Kurtzman, 2010). Optimized service distributions also explain the decreasing trend in the utilization of inpatient services. With the embracing of the doctor-centric models, the physicians are offered with the opportunity of leadership roles at the focal point of the patient-centered incorporated care. Under such arrangements, recurrent doctor visits and care team approach as well as prompt interventions when the acute conditions arise (Pozgar, 2007). In this regard, acute inpatient rehabilitation beds have been substituted by a free-for-free service program thereby reducing the number of beds in acute inpatient rehabilitation units. References Kurtzman, E. (2010). A transparency and accountability framework for high-value inpatient nursing care. Nursing Economics, 28(5), 295-307. Niles, N. J. (2011). Basics of the U.S. health care system. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. We will write a custom Coursework on Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation Units in the US specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Pozgar, G. D. (2007). Legal aspects of health care administration. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Wennberg, J., Bronner, K., Skinner, J., Fisher, E.,
The Sand Fish Themes As a matter of fact, Maha Gargash succeeds in discussing a lot of issues from the beginning of the novel till its end. One of the main themes she managed to talk about is marriage and polygamy. Noora has to struggle through her life as she is forced to marry someone she does not love in order to live a rich life. Her brother decides to sell her as a slave instead of listening to her and instead of letting her taking in rule of her life. While she thought her life as a wife would be amazing, he also had to suffer in order to deal with her fellow wives. She also feels that she is always ordered to do things she does not want. However, at the end she feels satisfied after delivering her baby because such baby gives her a new hope. Moreover, Maha indicates the preparations done to each girl before getting married in the Arab communities as well as the rules of choosing a good wife according to the point of view of people there. Another theme discussed is the Arab customs and traditions represented in greetings like “Assalamu Alaykom”, clothes dressed by the main characters and customs of marriage along with respecting old people and serving them. The author explains how Noora walks with Jassem in the village while poor people get close to her and stare at her. She also talks about how Noora deals with Lateefa and Moza since they are older than her and how she listens to them carefully. Furthermore, Maha talks about how Noora serves his father and helps him with the house works. On the other side, Maha discusses betrayal due to hidden feelings. Because Noora could not allowed to do what she felt and what she needed to do according to her will, she did everything illegitimate and illicit. She let a stranger touch her and she also betrayed her husband by being pregnant from someone else. While some readers could believe that what Noora did was adultery, others feel sorry for her because she was in love and she needed someone to take care of her. Maha also mentions the relationship between brothers and sisters represented in the one between Noora and Sager. Although they quarrel, they still care for each other. Another discussed theme is death as Noora starts to have memories about her mother Fatma giving her advices and recommendations regarding how to act nicely and how to become like a lady. One of the most important themes is metaphysics or superstitions spread between ignorant and illiterate people as they believe witches have forces and they can take control of everything as well as changing people’s destiny through deceiving them. Despite the fact that the witch told Jassem he would have a baby, it turned out not to be his. In addition, Islamic laws are perfectly mentioned in the story as Maha shows what is Haram and Halal, what is legal and what is illegal. When Noora makes love with Rashid and Hamad, she feels guilty as she violated the rules of her society and religion. Maha depicts perfectly pure love which arouse between Noora and Rashid before her marriage and how she feels secured and safe when he touched her. She also mentions the feeling of relief resulted from the love making between her and Hamad. Besides, Maha indicates in her story the technique of self-monologue as Noora keeps thinking and talking with herself most of the novel in order to share her thoughts with the reader and truly express how she feels as well as reacting according to such feelings. On the other hand, poverty is well explained in the novel of “Sand Fish” as Noora has to deal with this issue and not being able to do what she has the desire to do because she is poor. That’s why her brother feels responsible towards her and that’s why he tells her he cannot afford her things. Therefore, he sends her as a bride to be married in a new house where she can find a bed to sleep and good food to eat instead of living a harsh life of men between mountains. Though Noora gets married, she does not feel happy. However, she manages to survive and adapt at the end. Characters There are a lot of characters mentioned in the novel of “Sand Fish”. Here they are as follows: Noora-Al-Salmi: the main character of the story. She is stubborn and childish at the beginning. Nevertheless, she takes good care of her house before and after marriage. She also learns how to become a lady. Although she did a lot of illicit things, she manages at the end to protect herself and her baby. Sager-Al-Salmi: Noora’s friend. Though he is young, he does not want to show his tenderness and feelings towards his sister because he wants to act like a man. That’s why he sent her to get married to a rich merchant in order to live a good life away from poverty and famine. Rashid: a young teenager who falls in love with Noora. Though she finds him attractive and though he touches her, he turns to abandon her at the end in order to achieve his mother’s desire by getting married to his cousin, Aisha. Ibrahim-Al-Salmi: Noora and Sager’s father. Maha describes him as a mad man who lost his mind. However, he is very friendly and he loves his daughter so much. Jassem Saeed Bin-Mattar: Noora’s husband. He is also married to two other wives named Lateefa and Shamsa. Though he seems stern at the beginning, he turns to become soft and tender once he speaks with Noora and shows her his inner feelings. He also becomes very happy when he knows that she is pregnant. Hamad: Jassem’s servant. He falls in love with Noora and makes love with her. That’s why she becomes pregnant with his son. However, when Noora refuses to escape with him, he travels to India. He also steals Jassem’s pearls to have money but Noora takes them from him in order to put them back in the cupboard. Zobaida Bint-Sheer: the witch who lives with her son Dur-Mamad. She is thought to have the ability to speak with Jinn and control people’s destiny. She also prepares potions and other stuff. She succeeds in deceiving people to take money from them by depending on sorcery. That’s why Jassem goes to her and pays her a lot of money in order to find him a solution so that he could have a baby. Plot The story talks about a young girl who is seventeen years old. Her name is Noora and she lives with her brother Sager and her insane father Ibrahim. She belongs to Al-Salmi tribe. Throughout the story, Noora finds herself forced to do things she does not want to do including being unable to marry the person she loves named Rashid, not having the ability to choose her destiny and refuse to marry someone she does not know and finally being helpless because of not being capable of escaping with the person she loved after her marriage. She also finds herself responsible for things she believes that she is so young to do such as taking care of the house work and looking after her father and brother. After going through many ups and downs and after facing a lot of issues, Noora decides at the end to stay with her husband Jassem and takes care of her baby. Setting The events of the story take place in the middle of the nineties at the Gulf countries. The characters move also from one place to another through the entire story as Maha Gragash mentions a lot of venues such as Wadeema, Leema and Nassayem. Furthermore, she talks about the life in desert and between mountains as well as the life of tribes and how they manage to survive in this harsh life. She describes the usage of wells and the dependence on dates along with exports from other countries like India and England so that they could be able to have a normal life. Some of these exports are spices and fruits such as turmeric, pomegranate and mangoes. Eventually, Maha talks about the activity of pearl diving and how Arabs used to rely on this trade in order to earn money. Narrative voice Maha depends on the self-monologue as mentioned before. In addition, she explains her story using the technique of the third person. Such technique is used in order to explain how Maha knows the deep secrets of every single character and how she predicts and expects their reactions. Furthermore, she successfully shows their emotions including their fear just as when she describes Noora’s fear that someone might reveal her secret of betraying her husband. On the other side, Maha depends on the technique of flashback as she tells the events of her story and suddenly, she talks about old memories and events in order to attract the attention of readers as well as providing them with information she thinks it is necessary so that they could be able to know more about their favorite characters. Language Maha Gargash manipulates words perfectly as her choice of language and her well explanation of characters shows how perfect she is in using English though she is an Arab writer. Her excellence in language can also be represented in the implementation of many verbs in order to describe voices, scenes and reactions of faces as well as gestures. Finally, many readers could find some words difficult for them especially Arab ones but Maha manages to attract their attention and make the story appealing to their tastes. Summary The author Maha Gargash chooses a very unique name in order to call its story. Such name symbolizes the actions done by the main character is the story Noora Al- Salmi. As a matter of fact, Noora is a young girl whose mother is dead and she lives with her brother Sager. In addition, her father is an insane man that does not show any kind of commitment towards his children. Because Noora and Sager live a poor life, Sager, just like any other man in an Arab family, wants to let go of his sister by getting her married in order not to hold the responsibility of becoming the breadwinner of the family. That’s why he brings two sisters named Gulsom and Sakina to the hut where they live in order to find a rich husband for Noora so that she could enjoy a wealthy life away from poverty. In other words, Gulsom and Sakina work as matchmakers. After they arrive to Noora’s house, they start to give her advices and recommendations about how to become a good wife as well as checking every single detail and aspect in her body from head to toe in order to make sure that she would be perfect for the awaited bridegroom. Therefore, they start to hold her cheeks and touch her skin as well as looking at her teeth. They also find out that she has a scar on her chin because she fell when she was playing between rocks. So, they become sad. However, they say that it is not a big deal and that they would find a solution for all the imperfections in her body through depending on the usage of a mixture of cardamom and milk. In addition, they begin to talk about their experience in making young daughters ready to become good brides and they tell Noora that she is lucky because they are here to help her. They also say to her something very important; she must abandon her pride and dignity in order to live a good life. This is because of the fact that if she decides to speak or talk, her husband would kick her out of home and she will find no place to go or to live. That’s why she must be silent. Noora is very scared and she hopes that Sakina and Gulsom would find something wrong in her body which would not qualify her to get married. However, her hopes are in vain when she discovers that both sisters are happy. That’s when Noora starts to feel like the sand fish after becoming sad and alone in the hut. In the next chapter, Noora is wandering between the mountains of the Arabian Desert in which the desert is very hot when she hears and sees a strange lizard. Because she is scared, she starts to call her brother Sager to come and help her. Then, they discover that this lizard is a sand fish and it begins to move quickly. That’s why it hurts itself and starts to bleed. Noora asks Sager to hold the sand fish in order to help it; however the lizard tries to escape. Then, suddenly it jumps into the air and lies on the ground. Noora and Sager think that it is dead but it survives. At the same time, Sager tells Noora that he wastes his time with her as he has a lot of responsibilities. When Noora hears this word, she thinks that her brother says her in order to feel important and in order not to allow her to reply. Then, when Sager and Noora carry buckets of water to bring them back home, Noora rolls up her dress so that she could be able to walk. That’s when Sager becomes angry and asks her to cover her legs. Noora tells him that she does not do anything wrong and she has the right to act whatever she likes. Then, Sager replies by saying that she is now a woman and she cannot do actions of little girls. She is now a grownup lady. Noora becomes upset and starts to remember the advices her mother Fatma used to give her such as combing her hair and putting kohl in order to look neat and clean. Noora also notices that Sager is starting to abandon his boyhood and act like a man. However, she is sad because he does not show his feelings towards her and begins to push her away. When she returns to the hut, she finds her father Ibrahim preparing food. Ibrahim does not exactly separate between the roles of men and women as he believes these roles have to be interchangeable. He also starts to talk to her about their tribe Al-Salmis and how the leader of this tribe named Ahmed contributes in the destruction of the tribe because he was selfish. Ahmed, in fact, violated the rules which state that tribes must not touch or drink from wells that do not belong to them. However, Ahmed drank from the well of the Hararees tribe and they killed him. That’s why no one from the tribe of Al-Salmi is left except Noora’s family. After that, Ibrahim starts to hear the voices no else hears and begins to talk to Noora as if she is someone else as well as spitting at her face. Then, Noora takes him inside the hut to relax. Sager tells his sister that he could ask someone to help their father get better. This person is Zobaida Bint-Sheer and she is a witch. She is able to talk to Jinn; the spirits mentioned in the Holy Koran and made of fire. Although Noora disagrees at the beginning, her brother manages to convince her. While they are going to Zobaida, they pass by Mazoolah, a small village where their relatives from their mother’s side live. After discussing the issue of their father with their aunt Moza and their friends Saif, Abdullah and Muhammed, Sager and Noora tell them that they are going to give Zobaida money to cure their father. However, the friends say to them that Zobaida is busy with a new rich client who comes from a far distance. Then, Moza suggests that Noora and Sager must give Zobaida honey instead of coins in order to be able to meet and talk to her. Fortunately, they manage to find some bees after leaving the village and catch them. When Noora asks Sager about his behavior towards her and who the rich man he and his friends are talking about is, he tells her that he is sad because he is not able to feed her well and he is angry of their father because he does not allow her to get married. He also adds that he cannot hold the responsibility of both of them and that’s why she must marry a wealthy man in order to have a good life. Finally, Noora and Sager reach Nassayem where Zobaida, the witch, lives. However, boys who were playing there from which was Faraj Al-Mugami, the youngest son of Sheikh Khaled the leader of the tribe, attack the two protagonists leaving them without any wood or honey. Now, they will not be able to go to Zobaida. In fact, those boys tell them that Zobaida has a son and she had turned him into a dog. They call him Dur-Mamad and they start to attack him. Later, Dur-Mamad, the young boy, come to Sager and Noora and kisses their donkey as a sign to follow him. After they meet Zobaida, she tells them that they did something special as they defended her own son. She also tells them that she can help Ibrahim by preparing a potion that would make him a gentle man. However, he will still be mad. Before they leave, Noora and Sager are very surprised as Zobaida says that they have another problem needed to be solved. She tells Sager that he is worry about his sister because she is old now and he becomes the man of the family. Therefore, she tells the protagonists that the only solution is to find her a husband in order to get married. Noora, of course, becomes angry and waits outside the hut till Zobaida and Sager finish their conversation. Then, Noora goes to stay with her aunt Moza and finds out that she has a chest where she keeps a lot of amazing fabrics. Then, Noora decides to sew some clothes for her instead of storing them without any purpose. Moza is very happy because she finally finds out that these fabrics will be useless. At the same time Noora thinks why her brother did not come to get her as she believe two men at the same house will not be able to survive without a woman. While staying with the old woman, Noora hears the footsteps of someone but she does not have the ability to see him or her due to the snore of Moza. However, she finally discovers that he is a man, but she keeps asking herself why he sneaks at night and why he does not show himself. Eventually, she manages to see him and talk to him. He tells Noora that he knows everything about her and that he feels sorry for what happened to her and her family. In spite of the fact that he refuses to tell Noora his name at the beginning, he finally agrees and says that his name his Rashid. Noora believes that Rashid looks familiar to her and then he tells her to meet him at the far well tomorrow. He also says to her that she does not have to stay with the old woman the whole day because no one will notice her absence and she can say that she will go for a walk. Then Rashid fades away in the shadows. In the following day, Noora starts to think whether to go or not to go. She begins to talk with herself regarding the reactions towards her if she decides to meet Rashid at night and if people of the village manage to catch her. She wonders if they will send her home to her brother or beat her or lock her up. This is because women always take the whole responsibility for everything. She thinks that nothing will happen to Rashid because he is a man while she will have to suffer and bear the consequences of her actions. Finally, Noora takes the risk and goes to meet Rashid. She is excited and scared at the same time because she figures out that Rashid is one of her brother’s friends who had joined others for breakfast outside the hut of Moza. She is happy because this is the first time for her to sit with someone alone; someone who is a man not a boy and who is very concerned with her wellbeing. After that, Rashid encourages her to go to a place which he believes Noora will like and he tells her that his intentions towards her are noble. He is right because he shows Noora a very beautiful cave provided with a pool of water that could fit ten adults. Noora becomes very happy and starts to stretch her legs into the water. Rashid, in turn, begins to compliment her eyes, tells her that they are so beautiful and that she must not hide them. Noora starts to think that Rashid truly cares about her. Then, he tells the protagonist that they must go home before it is too late in order not to let anyone know that she was outside the hut. Rashid and Noora used to meet at the cave every single night without anyone noticing and when Moza asks Noora about her absence, Noora tells her that she walks for a long distance. One day a woman named Hessa Bint-Ali came to visit Moza along with her niece Aisha and Aisha’s mother named Khadeeja. Aisha is promised to marry the son of Hessa. Then, Hessa starts to talk to Moza about how Aisha was sick and how she had lost a lot of weight. On the other side, Noora shows her skills in embroidery and her aunt Moza spreads the news between the women of the village. Nevertheless, no one is interested in the talent of sewing clothes but they do not mind take advantage of such talent to achieve their benefits. In spite of the fact that Noora begins to feel guilty because she hides a secret from her aunt that breaks the rules of the Arab tribal society in which she lives, she neglects her thoughts when she starts thinking of Rashid and his kind lovely gestures. After that, Hessa gives Noora some fabrics and asks her to sew the bridal gown and some clothes for her daughter-in-law in order to prepare her for marriage. Hessa also tells Noora that she is scared because she believes that a strange girl will steal her son away from her and his awaited bride. When Noora meets Rashid at night, she tells him about her meeting with Hessa. She says that she feels as if Hessa blames her for something though she complimented her skin color. On the contrary, Rashid says to Noora that he is not interested in this speech and that he wants to talk about him and Noora. He tells her that he cannot eat or sleep or do anything because he keeps thinking of her all day. Despite the fact that Noora feels weak because of his speech and that she feels vulnerable, she becomes helpless. That’s why she starts to change subject and tells Rashid that he can use this pool as a system of falaj in order to irrigate crops. Suddenly, Rashid becomes angry and asks her to stop talking about this topic because this is his place and he has all the right to show it to whoever he likes. In addition, he tells her that he has the desire to talk about both of them. Suddenly, he asks Noora that he wants to marry her. In the following day, she keeps thinking of what Rashid has told her while she is busy sewing clothes for Aisha’s wedding. When Moza sees her, she finds out that her face is glowing and asks her if she is happy because of being with her. Noora replies with yes but she wants to tell her the real reason. Nevertheless, she remains silent as Rashid tells her not to talk to anyone unless he asks for her hand formally from her brother Sager. After such proposal presented by Rashid, Noora starts to feel that her meetings with him begin not to become illegitimate or illicit. At the same day when Noora meets her lover, she asks him how he is going to talk to Sager in order to marry her. Noora tells him that her brother might not agree because he sometimes listens to others’ points of view, Rashid says that he has the ability to talk to Sager and convince him. Then both of them begin to converse about their life in the future together. However, when Noora asks Rashid about the name of his family, he becomes impatient and tells her that she does not need to know because he will be her family. Then, he tells her that she is treated like a savage and she is always alone. Suddenly, Noora starts to cry and both of them begin to quarrel and push each other. Finally, she fell into water and her clothes become wet. She feels exposed and she tries to cover her body with her hands in order not to make Rashid notice its outline. Then he comes close to her and asks her to forgive him for what he did. When she tries to pull him away because she feels she has to, she could not resist as she becomes attracted towards him. Her heart starts beating while Rashid grabs her towards his embrace. He keeps telling her that he wants both of them to melt into each other and that he loves her so much. Then, he starts kissing her eyes when Noora begins to believe that they have to stop. Suddenly, she tells him in a tone full of authority that she has to go now. She is happy but guilty because she feels that she has done something sinful. However, God is good to her as the sky was raining and now she has an excuse to explain why her clothes were wet. She has a mixture of feelings: happy, sad, guilty and excited. She also is sad because she had missed the downpour in order to be with Rashid. When she reaches the village, she promises herself not to let Rashid touch her again till they become married. On the other side, Noora finds out that Hessa had a fight with her son because he does not want to marry Aisha and then he disappears. Noora becomes perplexed because she does not know what the purpose of the wedding clothes would be. Hessa is angry and sad at the same time because she thinks her son is stupid as he refuses to marry his cousin. She also begins to hint in her speech while talking with Noora that someone evil might have convinced her son to refuse such marriage. Then she asks Noora why she did not walk as always and why she did not go back to her home. Noora replies that she is tired and that she will return home very soon. Suddenly, Noora becomes stunned when Hessa hopes the coming back of her son Rashid. The protagonist begins to wonder if Hessa’s son was her beloved Rashid or another one. Then Rashid comes to see her and tell her that it is useless for both of them to get married because he has to comply with the wishes of his mother to marry his cousin. Noora is astonished and asks him about his promise to her. Then she decides to get back home. After that, she finds out that her father, just as Rashid, was gone and she was devastated. Sager calms her with his nice words and gives her lot of gifts from which is a ring made of gold. Noora becomes suspicious and asks him how he managed to get all of this money. He tells her that he received help from Zobaida and a merchant client who was visiting her. Then Noora asks her brother what Zobaida and this merchant would have in return for saving the witch’s son Dur-Mamad. Sager tells her that she must marry this rich merchant in order to live a wealthy life away from poverty. Then, he begins to provide her with information about this groom. His name is Jassem Saeed Bin-Mattar. He is already married to two wives and has a big house. However, Sager tells her sister that she does not need to worry since those two wives will be like her sisters. Noora becomes angry and blames Sager for listening to this old witch and for taking decisions regarding her life instead of her. Then, she tells him that she will not be such bride for this merchant. Nevertheless, her brother forces her to marry this man and that’s why Sakina and Gulsom start to prepare her as a bride by showering her with gifts and clothes. Then, Sheikh Kahled, Faraj’s father, along with her brother, two witnesses and the groom come to do the marriage. Later, Jassem becomes angry because Noora acts nervously and does not want to go with him. At the end, he takes her to a new place called Wadeema. When she arrives to her new home, Noora finds out that she will live with Latifa, the first wife of Jassem and the oldest one along with Shamsa his second wife. Noora begins to live her marital life while sailing with the boat of her husband. She also meets Juma Bin-Humaid, Shamsa’s father and she feels that he has something to say. Noora was true because Juma says to Jassem that he is sad for his daughter because she is still not ready to accept a second fellow wife. Jassem becomes angry to know that his wife went to see her father without his permission. When finally Noora reaches the marital house, Yaqoota, a maid there, begins to show her everything. The, Noora asks her about what her duties are as a wife. Yaqoota replies that she must have a baby as the other two wives did not and that’s why the house is childless. Therefore, Noora starts to think that such baby would give her the chance to keep Jassem from coming to her every single night and would fill her empty hours. That’s why she gets happy when she knows that she will be left alone as Jassem is going to India. On the contrary, Jassem begins to get upset as he loses hope of having a baby, according to what was mentioned by the witch. That’s when he blames Noora for not doing her job as a wife and instead of making love with her, he begins to talk. Noora finds this nice and starts to respond to his talks with a smile. Besides, he informs her about his work which is collecting pearls from seas. He also teaches her how to do calculations and becomes friendly with her. However, Noora notices that whenever sun rises, Jassem gets his stern face back. Maha Gargash, the author, goes to explain another side of Noora’s life which how her fellow wives treat her. While Lateefa acts as a mother, Shamsa cannot stand her and tells her that Jassem might throw her out when he gets bored of her. Noora starts to worry and think though she knows that she shares certain intimacy with him. Nevertheless, one night he tells her that he is upset with the magic in her eyes and that she cannot deceive him anymore. Noora did not what to do and she is scared that would she become useless and be kicked out of the house. Furthermore, Yaqoota tells Noora that Hamad, who works for her husband on his boat, wants to see her. This was very strange for her as being asked by unmarried man to meet her is not usual. However, all he wanted from Noora was stitching his father’s clothes so that he can use them at work. One day, Jassem tells his wives that he is not going to India as there are no more pearls in the sea. Noora starts to think of poor divers who will not be able to support their families. Jassem also tells his wives that he will go to Leema while they will go to Om Al-Sanam. In addition, Lateefa wants her mirror and that’s why she decides to send Noora and Hamad to look for it. Before the journey begins, Hamad talked with Noora about his dreams and how he wanted to be a diver but he failed. Noora starts to feel close to him and that’s why she keeps telling herself that he is like a brother to her. As a result, she begins calling him brother Hamad. Furthermore, Noora keeps asking herself why Lateefa wants that mirror so bad but she does not find an answer. After they reached Wadeema, Noora falls and hits her head while searching for the mirror. Therefore, Hamad comes close to her and starts kissing her bruise. Since then, they stopped calling each other brother and sister. Though Noora feels that what she did was wrong, she felt that it was right. When Noora goes back to Lateefa, Lateefa keeps asking her questions and touches her bruise. She asks her what the reason for the bruise was. Noora says that she knocked her head onto the door. At that moment, Lateefa stops asking questions while Noora becomes very worried by her silence. When Hamad and Noora are collecting Henna for Lateefa as she asked them, she tells Hamad that she is concerned Hamad again comes close to Noora and asks her to divorce Jassem because he wants to be with her. When she asks him what she would do with her husband and that he would not agree, Hamad tells her that they will figure something out. He informs her that he will dive and find a big pearl so that they could be able to get married. Noora tells him that he cannot because he has an ache in his ears because of diving before, but Hamad says that he will handle this issue. After they go back to Wadeema to get what Lateefa wanted, Noora and Hamad make love together. However, when Jassem comes back from India, Noora is not satisfied to see her husband as she wants to become happy again with Hamad. Hamad tells her to steal the pearls of Jassem and he would not notice, Noora of course becomes angry. Surprisingly, she is shocked when she finds out that she is pregnant and she keeps thinking about what will happen to her when they find out about her betrayal. Noora of course knows that the baby in her belly is Hamad’s. So, he comes her one night and shows her the pearl he stole from Jassem. He asks her to pack everything because they will leave. When Noora refuses because she cannot go, Hamad never shows himself again. Before disappearing, he tells her that Lateefa arranged for all of their relationship in order to make her pregnant so that she can get a baby for Jassem. Later, Noora knows from Lateefa that he has left in order to find another job in India. Noora becomes relieved
explore how (variable of your choice) relating to race/ethnicity (with the option of including gender or class) facilitates or impedes academic achievement in high school.
week 8. Paper details 1. Time juveniles commit delinquent behaviors and crimes: More than 70 years ago, Kvaraceus (1945) reported that more juvenile crime occurred on weekdays than on weekends and that juvenile crime peaked following the close of school in the mid-afternoon. A half-century later, Snyder, Sickmund, and Poe-Yamagata (1996) examined the proportion of juvenile violent crimes reported to law enforcement agencies at different time blocks of day. They examined data from the FBI’s National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) of South Carolina in 1991 and 1992. They found that a higher percentage of violent crimes (22 percent versus 17 percent) occurred during the hours between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. on weekdays than during the hours between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. on weekdays and between midnight and 6 a.m. on weekends. In their longitudinal study, Sickmund and Puzzanchera (2014: 47) found that “based on violent crimes reported to law enforcement, juveniles were more than twice as likely to be victimized between 3 and 4 p.m. on school days as in the same time period on non-school days.” Please share some possible reasons about the patterns of time that juveniles committing delinquent and criminal behaviors. 2. Based on the readings (book chapters and supplemental reports), what impacts have “Zero Tolerance” school policies had on juvenile delinquency? 3. Tattoos have become important symbols in the youth subculture. Do they reflect deviance or conformity, or both? Should the educational system implement any policy regarding tattoos in schools? At what age should youths be allowed to legally get tattoos? Should it be considered delinquency if youths get one before that age? If so, what should be the consequences? References Kvaraceus, W.C. (1945). Juvenile Delinquency and the School. Yonkers-on-Hudson, N.Y. : World Book Company. Sickmund, M., and Puzzanchera, C. (eds.). (2014). Juvenile Offenders (Links to an external site.) and Victims: 2014 National Report. (Links to an external site.) Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice. Retrieved from https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/nr2014/downloads/NR2014.pdf (Links to an external site.). (Links to an external site.) Snyder, H., Sickmund, M., and Poe-Yamagata, E. (1996). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1996 Update on Violence. (Links to an external site.) Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/90995.pdfweek 8
CUNYBCC Dispenser & Graphing Programs & Determining Values Programming Exercises
online homework help CUNYBCC Dispenser & Graphing Programs & Determining Values Programming Exercises.
I’m working on a computer science question and need support to help me study.
(1) Without typing the following program into the computer, determine what the value of “s”
is once the program is done running. Justify your answer.
f o r k in range (1 ,100000000000000000000): # 1 followed by 20 ze ros .
i f ( k % 10000 == 0 ) :
s=s+1 (2) Write a program that gets an integer input (say n) from the user and then prints out the
result of the sum: 1+ 2+ 3+···+ 2n. For example: If the user inputs 2 then your program
should print out 10.
(3) Write a program that prompts the user for two points on the plane and then prints out
the slope of the line connecting these two points. You must account for the possibility
that the line is vertical and so has an undefined slope. Furthermore, you should deal with
all the possible errors a user might make (like entering a string instead of a number). (4) Modify your change dispenser program (that first prompts for a number from 0 to 99
and then outputs the number of quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies that should be
dispensed) in such a way that it takes into account prurality (e.g 1 penny v/s 2 pennies).
CUNYBCC Dispenser & Graphing Programs & Determining Values Programming Exercises
i need 13 single critical thought journal for each clinical
i need 13 single critical thought journal for each clinical. Can you help me understand this Nursing question?
Critical Thought Journal
Students are to maintain a personal journal of clinical activities for each period of time they are in clinical area.CTJ’S will be submitted to the faculty instructor once each week in a manner and at a time specified by the faculty.
List learning goals that you worked on today and what you accomplished.
Identify in specific detail your progress toward accomplishing specific course objectives.List objectives by their number (1-7) and discuss your progress
3.Reflect on your perceptions of growth over time in meeting your learning goals,professional goals,and personal goals.
4.Address problems /frustrations/joys of your clinical experience and your reactions to and thoughts about them.Identify things you might to differently the next time.
Critical Thought Journal should not just be a listing of what you did,but rather a narrative of what you learned from what you did.How are your growing professionally from these experiences.One of two sentences entry is not acceptable
i need 13 single critical thought journal for each clinical
Government Roles in Supporting Parents
Introduction The unborn child influences the family and the environment which he or she will be born. In the later stage of pregnancy, the mother may have to decrease work’s hours or give up in order to take rest more and even changing her diet and habits. After birth, the child unbelievably influences his or her parents’ behavior , change of sleeping and eating pattern with changed pattern of social interaction are common, specially for new parents. Reciprocally, the baby’s eating and sleeping pattern are influenced by his or her family and both affect and affected by the immediate environment in which he or she lives. Any developmental delay or ignore in early stage of childhood, may influences into behavior or mental development irretrievably, therefore problems should be recognized in early stage of life. Where children have a disability or special needs, it is important that these are identified at an early age stage and that identification leads to effective intervention and support for families and their children. Young children – special needs Infant and toddler have been adopted because it emphasizes the importance of relationship and interaction in the development of very young children. Governments and parents should facilitate the perception of infant and toddlers as active agents, shaping their environment as they interact with others. There is two way relationship and interaction between young children’s behavior and personality and their home and environment. It is important that governments have intensive consideration to children under four years of age that have disability or special needs. If she or he is experiencing significant developmental delays, in one or more of the areas of cognitive development, physical development, social or emotional development and adaptive development, he or she has a condition which has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay. Sure Start Sure Start is a government programme which aims to achieve better out comes for children, parents communities by: Increasing availability of child care for all children Improving health and emotional development for young children Supporting parents and community Sure start covers children before birth up to fourteen years old and if they need special education or have disabilities will be extended up to age sixteen. Their services bring free , early education and better child care with great support where there is a greater need by children tax credit, children centers, and local programme. These role should be move toward transforming the life chances of young children, particularly those with special needs and disability who lives in area of disadvantages. Effort must be made to ensure the services are designed to give child care for all children in all sectors but with special attention to the particular needs or individual families and children so they feel should support more than others. It doesn’t mean that all of effort should be served for special group and forget the other population. The aims should be based on reducing family poverty and improve life style, family education and prevention of antisocial behaviors. Principles Working with parents and children They have to provide up to date information to parents when they need it , and is based on discussion held with parents about their information needs. All of families should get access to proper services that will deliver better outcome for both children and parents. Services for everyone( but not the same service for every one) The needs of families is different based on location, condition of families, religion, their ability and education, ethnic and economical condition. For instance; condition of children have Mental or Emotional problem is different from other children who have physical disability. Flexible at point of delivery The services should be provide an interest to access by arrangement of appropriate opening hours, suitable location and easy access to public transportation. The role of the carer must be extend beyond the day to day care of the child to providing support to other family members or significant other in child life. Where possible the government must provide health and family support services through a single point of contact. Starting very early (at the first antenatal visit) The child care and parents support should be begin from the first antenatal visit but I believe that have to support parents before pregnancy and give useful information and consultation about future pregnancy and complete evaluation about genetic problems, because this process will be more effective and economical than treatment and support after birth. The majority of serious childhood diseases is preventive by maternity support and early diagnosis and appropriate treatment procedures, Vaccination, proper diet and life style. This means not only advice on health in pregnancy but also support of parent for returning to work or starting to work. Respectful and transparent The services should be free in order to access everybody to proper services without any limitation. The most of families who need help and advice can’t afford to pay child care, education, health and treatment in private services. Community driven and professionally coordinated We should invite all professionals with an interest in care and family support or medical care to take part in this programme and search any problem and evaluate families and children needs through consultation and speak face to face with parents and children. Outcome driven Sometimes a lot of bureaucracy makes delay in services and health care, because of that parent and children may be not given appropriate services on suitable time and location when they need. Inappropriate effort and delay lead to irreversible damage in families and children. Parental support Human relation ship and interactions are the critical factors in young children’s development. Storing attachments that are characterized by reciprocal activity enhance the young children’s responsiveness to his or her environment and influence the children’s motivation to explore, elaborate and manipulate. Increasingly it is recognized that the maintenance of primary attachment relationship depends on the availability and involvement of another adult or third person who active supports and encourage these relationships. How much time are the parents able to spend with their children during childhood? What stop parents from spending more time with their children? Certainly, childhood would have been different if the parents had stayed home and looked after their children. It is obvious that the most influential setting for almost all of children is the family environment and school. Parents who are under constant pressure from their employer to do overtime, may not have the time and emotional energy to encourage their children’s school work successfully or have a effective emotional support. They should be achieve more flexible work hours, which enable them to spend more time with their children. The parents must be prepared to enjoy and to show children how to enjoy -relationships. The role that parents play in to life of a child has a tremendous impact on their experience. Parents have a key role in the education, emotional development and behaviors. Parent’s support is the single most important factor in children’s success at her or his life especially in education because; the majority of child’s week is spent in home. The child’s ability to learn is influenced not only by the competence of the teacher but also by the quality of the relationship between the school and the home. Children have a right to continuing loving relationship with both parents and need to be protected from the harm of losing contact with one parent who has a unique contribution to make their children development. Parents can become involve in their children’s learning at home by helping them and encouraging them to attend in learning programme. Parents can take part in school trips and help the children gain as much information from the trip as possible. They should provide for their children a quiet place in which to work free distractions such as television, satellite, games. They have to provide all the equipment and resources necessary for doing homework effectively. Parents must give responsibility to child for doing something according her or his ability that help to improve children’s confidence. They should encourage their children to work independently but it would be helpful if they are available to help them with any difficulties. Support Parent The supporting parents was designed to raise awareness and provide information about their children’s needs such as educational problems, Mental or physical disabilities, emotional and etc. The parents are the fort line of learning programme , therefore, they should be supported in order to support their children by providing information and advice for those whose children have mental or physical problems. The parents should improve their awareness about mental and physical disabilities, medical and social problem from fort line health services such as GPs, teachers and others professionals. Every body can help to empower and support parents by listening to them and sharing information sensitively and honestly, using understandable language and giving explanation to build parents’ confidence, respecting and acknowledging cultural difference and providing the facility in order to access to services. The main supporting bodies are: Government support parents Family support parents Parents support parents The final aim of all effort and support is; providing safe and effective care for the education of childhood, protection from harm, gaining life chance benefits and arising out of disability or health condition in order to leaving care when the children enter adulthood. 1. Government support The Government support is a wide spectrum of support that subdivided in many fields that I will argue about economical, education, treatment and support team. Economical and Work support Poverty- is associated with lone parenthood because of low benefits, lack of child care, education and low pay amongst woman. Similarly, problems of drug abuse and rising crime are generated by complex factors, including poverty and lack of opportunity in community and support. These problems can impose a great pressure on families and their children. In one hand generally, the relationship between growth of income of the poor and overall economic growth is one to one. That finding suggests that policies which are good for growth will be good for the poor. On the other hand, it is possible that growth from different sources has differential impact on the poor and distance between poor and rich would be greater than before which can effect on families inspect and relationship. Maternity leave and paternity leave- Maternity leave is the time a mother takes off from work at the birth or adoption of a child. Mothers are entitled to take time off for antenatal care. This may be medical appointments or relaxation and parent craft classes made on the advice of registered medical practitioner or midwife. Father who qualified for paternity leave can take time off to be with their new child and offer support to the mother when the child arrives. They can choose whether to take one or two consecutive week’s paternity leave. Proposed new regulations relating to maternity and paternity leave are sure to cause problems for some smaller businesses. Whereas larger organisations can usually provide cover internally when a mother or father is on leave, it is often much more difficult for the smaller firm, which often has no such cover internally. Flexible working and return to work- flexible working means a negotiation between the employer and the individual about their needs to determine the pattern that helps them both. Flexible working arrangement can help parents combine work and bringing up their children. Some parents want to work part time, some one interest in working from home or perhaps on particular days of the week. Flexible working can also help employers meet the increasing demand from their customers for out of hour’s services. Many business offer flexible working, but this is depending on individual manager and company policy. Government should provide priority for people that enable to work flexibility and return to work or start new compatible work after maternity leave. Education and child care Any number of activities will help young children learn, from singing nursing and playing number games, to reading or talking with them and everything to encourage their curiosity and love of learning. They have to develop evidence of the best practice to help early education and child care. Indeed, providers and their stuff work well with parents and professionals to whom they entrust their children. They have to provide safe and effective care for the education of children whom should be protected from emotional, physical, sexual abuse and other significant harm. Special needs and disabilities in childhood can put extra strain on families and may create additional needs such as additional cost of supporting a child with special needs or disability, provide suitable and affordable child care and education meanwhile we should not miss providing suitable housing, housing adaptation and accessing local community facilities such as transport child care and leisure services. Education and Child care option include: Day nurseries-that provide care for children from birth to four or five and beyond, often integrated with early education and other services. Pre-schools and play groups, provide play time and often early education to under five years old and can prevent from emotional and significant harm. Toddler groups- group of parents that meet locally with their children on regular basis, usually included children who are under five years old. Children clubs is define as out of school, offer children aged four to twelve a safe and stimulating environment which children can play and learn effectively outside school time (learn and fun). Treatment and care procedure- The fort line of health and social care is treatment intervention with specialized professionals and medical stuff (Doctors, nurses, psychologist, etc). First intervention in support programme is treatment of physical disabilities of parents and children with specialized team. Further more, intensive care and attention in pre-maternity and maternity period is essential. Increasingly, the professionals find themselves working not only with individual children but also with parents and sibling. Parents who have physical or sensory impairments, long term illness, learning difficulties, mental health problem or combination of them can not afford to spend effective time with their children and take part in teaching programme. Emotional disturbance and educational difficulties often can be fully understood and effectively addressed within a family. Family support parents Family support is a term covering enormous number and diversity of needs. Families caring for children with special needs or disability have the same range of feeling and hope for their children as all other families whose children are well. Some parents are very private who do not feel comfortable sharing their deepest feeling with strangers. It is important to be able to talk to some one that is the best one of family members. Traditional family support systems are sufficient and very helpful and comfortable. These families are fortunate because they help effectively and make a warm relation ship with together. Traditional families have a good relationship with parents , siblings and grandparents or other near relative family that they truly understand other member. Family support not only can reduce family poverty, crime and antisocial behavior and prevent deterioration but also can improve educational attainment, civic responsibility and quality and accessibility of suitable services. Parents support parents The parents are the best source of supporting for parents. They access a wealth of information from past and present experiences and have an understanding of the difficulties and problems than can occur when raising a child with special needs. They have a good sympathy with each others and they truly rely to the information and experiences of other parents. Through all that has happened to all of them, they have become educated and have learned things that never imagined learning. Conclusion Effective early intervention and support can produce improvement in children’s health, social and cognitive development. It strengthens the ability of family to provided effective support for their children and improves out comes for the whole family. All programme should base on providing safe and effective care for the education, protecting from physical emotional and sexual abuse. The government has to improve economical condition and provide trained, qualified and appropriate medical stuff and social workers. The support plan has to lead to leaving care by young people when they enter adulthood and wouldn’t isolate and participate socially and live independent. The children with specific medical or social needs should arise out of disability or health condition and be able to live in family or other appropriate setting in the community. The children in need should gain life chance benefits from educational opportunity, entertainment programme, health and social care. The parents community should be improved in order to support effectively and share their information and experiences. The family structure must empower to provide warm and comfortable environment for support members of family. An important part of support is the establishment of effective channels for communication, a willingness to find a compromise and the development of trust between family members and Government or child care stuff.