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Electrostatic Coalescence and Crude Oil Dehydration Coursework

Overview During industrial processes like the dehydration of crude oil, the dissociation of the water molecules from the water-oil mixture is an essential requirement of a coalescer. Notwithstanding the fractional distillation that is subjected to the crude oil, impurities like water should be removed to improve the quality of the product. Electrostatic coalescence is an ideal technology for separation of molecules that act as impurities in crude oil.1 As the name suggests, the impurities (water included) are separated from the mixture through an electrostatic mechanism. The use of an electrostatic coalescer was first recorded in the late 1990s. Al-Qhatani and Elkamel hold the opinion that the quality of crude oil is enhanced upon dehydration.2 Their study further recommends electrostatic coalescence due to reduction in the cost of extraction and transportation. In addition, the purified oil is made safe for the environment. Electrostatic coalescence is often carried out on petroleum products like paraffin, which require zero minimum content of impurities to enhance their combustion. In this research paper, attention is given to the applicability of the process to the breakdown of water molecules from the crude oil emulsion. An in-depth analysis of the concept of coalescence is provided. Some of the parameters examined include the working principle of an electrostatic coalescer. The issue of electrostatics and dipolar attraction are examined.3 The coalescence of the unwanted molecules is realised through this working principle. In addition, the paper examines the configuration of the machine, with special attention to the nature of the electrodes. The findings of this research paper will lay the ground for more studies on electrostatic coalescence. In line with the same, recommendations will be provided at the end of the paper to establish a framework for further application of electrostatic coalescence in the dehydration of crude oil. The increased demand for clean and cost-effective methods of crude oil dehydration makes a case for the use of electrostatic coalescence by oil companies.4 In general, the paper seeks to affirm the benefits of the electrostatic coalescer and, by extension, the science of coalescence. Given the fact that crude oil requires dehydration, it follows that any company in the oil mining industry requires an electrostatic coalescer. One of the advantages of this machine is its low cost. Most electrostatic coalescers are efficient in terms of cost.5 An analysis of the different types of these machines reveals their low maintenance requirements. Most electrostatic coalescers have little energy demands, making them ideal for the industrial process that is crude oil dehydration. Electrostatic Coalescers Electrostatic coalescers are the instruments used for the coalescence process described in the introduction of this paper. The machines induce coalescence on impurities like water, which are found on crude oil. They achieve this through the use of electric fields.6 The droplets are often uncharged.7 When that is the case, the Alternating Current (AC) field produced by the coalescer ensures that the droplet becomes polarised. The polarised droplet develops an electric field around it. The coalescence is achieved when droplets in close proximity get attracted to each other.8 An actual electrostatic coalescer is a large tank with several electrodes that are used to produce an AC field.9 Owing to the magnitude of the crude oil that requires purification, the machine has a cylindrical structure. The structure helps it to hold large volumes of oil. The coalescer is essentially a metallic grid that extends horizontally to allow for the flow of crude oil. Inside the cylindrical space, the electrodes are spaced about 50 mm apart. The high voltage is, in a way, separated from the fluid. To achieve the said polarisation, electricity is supplied at powers of up to 100 volts.10 Within the coalescer, there is a transformer that ensures the power is amplified further. The high voltage gets to the electrodes to initiate the polarisation process. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More There are several types of electrostatic coalescers. Technology has evolved to ensure that the underlying principle is respected every time a new coalescer is developed. The original electrocoalescers have evolved to different brands as exhibited by the compact new versions.11 Regardless of the modification, the major objective of the machine is to ensure maximum polarisation of the water molecules. The said polarisation is realised only when the voltage supplied to the electrodes is high enough. Other factors that promote coalescence include the nature of the electrodes and the frequency. Working Principle Every machine respects a certain mode of operation to ensure its objective is met. The electrostatic coalescer is no exception. Notwithstanding developments on the original model, all other electrostatic coalescers operate on the same principle.12 Most coalescers operate under high voltage, which is amplified by a transformer. Also, there are electrodes within the machine which help to induce the electrostatic field to the fluids which are passed through. See figure 1 A look at figure 1 reveals the essential components of an electrostatic coalescer. The machine is structured in such a way that crude oil enters the vessel, and the water is filtered out in another section. The pure crude is extracted from yet another opening. At a preferred distance between the two openings, there is a series of electrodes, whose function has been aptly discussed in the previous sections. A coalescer also requires an aperture that separates the water which accumulates towards the outlet.13 The same is illustrated in figure 1. Depending on the type of machine, the transformer is placed strategically to ensure high voltage in the electrodes. Figure 1: Working Principle of an Electrostatic Coalescer. Electrostatic coalescence separates water from the crude oil using the same principle as a filter. However, the coalescer relies on a combination of gravitational and centrifugal forces to ensure that the water molecules are mechanically extracted from the mixture. Figure 1 illustrates how a typical coalescer works. Essentially, crude oil passes through two tanks. The oil enters the vessel and flows through gravity. The electrostatic field relies on centrifugal forces to draw out water molecules from the emulsion. Electrostatic Forces Electrostatic coalescence obtains its functionality from the principle of electrostatics. Just as the name suggests, electrostatics is a contributing factor to the actual coalescence of the water molecules. The high voltage creates an electric field which in turn lays the foundation for the attraction of the molecules.14 The electric field creates elements with different charges. As such, the Coulombs law comes into force to explain the charge difference between the molecules and consequently, the attraction that will exist. In the previous section, it was clear that the coalescence of the molecules is determined by the electrical field supplied to the electrodes in the coalescer. However, the phenomenon is completed once there is the electrostatic force which explains induction.15 Courtesy of the electrostatic force, the polarised molecules are able to induce charges on the adjacent molecules. Again, the role of the electric field is brought to the fore. To ensure that the molecules are able to induce charge, there needs to be a high electric field. The same further explains the need for a high voltage to create the desired electric field. The principle of the electrostatic force, as explained by the Coulomb’s Law, is such that the molecules will have disparities in the charges.16 Consequently, there are two main charges which arise due to the polarisation. There are negative and positive charges. Depending on the distances between the molecules an electrostatic force exists attracting the species with opposite charges drawing them together. The coalescence is therefore realised as a result of the electrostatic forces’ bringing together of the various molecules intended for elimination. We will write a custom Coursework on Electrostatic Coalescence and Crude Oil Dehydration specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Dipolar Attraction An electrostatic coalescer relies on several principles of physics to fulfil its objectives and the dipolar attraction is a key aspect of the process.17 As mentioned, molecules of water are often polarised, and they induce polarity to the molecules which are adjacent. It is therefore important to examine dipolar attraction and how the phenomenon fits into the process of electrostatic coalescence. Dipolar attraction is, therefore, best understood by examining the strongest known intermolecular bonding, which is the hydrogen bonding.18 When hydrogen bonds with compounds like Fluorine to yield Hydrogen Fluoride (HF), the resultant molecule has a net charge of zero. However, on either side of the molecule, there is a partial negative and positive charge. The partial charges attract the adjacent molecules with an opposite partial charge. The underlying principle of attraction is that two species are brought together. The same explains the coalescence or the coming together of the water molecules.19 The high voltage supplied to the electrodes in the machine serves to polarise the water molecules.20 The principle of dipolar attraction necessitates the attraction of the partially charged water molecules. It is important to note that this separation process is best suited for use in the elimination of molecules that are ‘polar’ in nature. Water is a common example of a polar molecule. The actual coalescence relies on molecules to be drawn together. In the separation of water from crude oil, the coalescing of the water molecules makes it easier for the formation of a suspension which can then be separated. Configuration of Electrostatic Coalescers Having examined the operations of an electrostatic coalescer, it is relevant that discussions on its configuration be outlined. The most conspicuous part of the machine is the cylindrical tank.21 From figure 1, it is apparent that there are inlets outlets found on the machine. The fluid inlet is required to be at the top of the cylindrical tank with the outlet at the bottom.22 The electrodes used to polarise the fluid are often cylindrical for the single objective of increasing the surface area of the fluid exposed to electric current.23 The electrodes are required to be vertical with respect to the entire tank. They are placed in series to ensure that the fluids get maximum exposure to the electric field to ensure that as many molecules as possible are polarised. The positioning of the electrodes is done in such a way that the fluids spend a total of 10 seconds between the inlet and the outlet. It has already been mentioned that the electrodes are supplied with high voltage. However, there are certain cases where the initial power supplied is insufficient for the whole process. The same explains the usage of a transformer among a number of transformers. A typical coalescer requires an average of 20,000 volts. To achieve objective emulsification, the machine requires a series of insulators and electrode hangers.24 Also, the machine ought to be fit with sufficient entrance bushings; the additional material is necessary to contain the high voltage required for the process. The high electric power required for the process poses several challenges to the extent of damage to the coalescer itself. For instance, the hg quantity of water that will have coalesced can transfer the current onto the tank itself, bringing the danger of short-circuiting.25 The best way of avoiding such a situation is to ensure that the energised electrodes do not get in contact with the grounded ones.26 The practice is common in coalescer where the electrodes are bare metals without any form of insulation. In other cases, it is advisable to eliminate the emulsion, which is typically water. However, this practice is slowly being phased out owing to the time factors. The spacing of the electrodes is also an important aspect of an electrostatic coalescer. The ideal spacing of the electrodes and the ground ought to be approximately 19 inches.27 When the spacing is made in such magnitudes, the electrostatic field is kept at an optimum level. The same ensures sufficient coalescing of the water molecules. Not sure if you can write a paper on Electrostatic Coalescence and Crude Oil Dehydration by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Available Technology The dehydration of crude oil emulsions is an important process in the petroleum industry. Evidence of the same can be illustrated by the many patents that exist with regards to electrostatic coalescence. Eow and Ghadiri carried out a study to determine the enhancement of water droplets during this process.28 Their study revealed 7 different technologies touching on electrical mechanisms of crude oil dehydration. The figure below outlines several patents associated with electrostatic coalescence in terms of technique and design of the apparatus. Figure 2: Electrostatic Coalescence Technology. Source: Eow and Ghadiri (p. 359)29. Figure 2 is a summary of the various patents that exist in terms of technological advancement. The numbers in parentheses represent a particular patent with respect to the electrostatic coalescer and the process itself. The study by Eow and Ghadiri highlighted 42 patents, giving an impression that the technology around this process is as diverse as the advancements recorded.30 Notwithstanding the various techniques illustrated in the diagram, the technology associated with electrostatic coalescence revolves around a general principle. The coalescing vessel must have a tank fitted with sufficient electrodes. The difference in these electrodes can be found in their design. For instance, the study by Eow and Ghadiri point out to the possibility of grids.31 Technological advancement of the process itself relies on the polarization effect due to the electrostatic field created within the vessel. Interestingly, there are studies that suggest that the process can be realised depending on certain electrostatic fields.32 Technological advancements are also made to respond to various challenges touching on the effectiveness of electrostatic coalescence. Ole-Moren carried out a study to examine the electrostatic field theory.33 Their findings were that electrostatic coalescence is impeded when electrodes do not have sufficient insulation. Thus, dehydration of crude oil depends on coalescers where there is an advancement to ensure electrode insulation is appropriate. The patents illustrated in Figure 2 are representations of technology intended to improve the separation of the species in an emulsion. Centrifugal force and its association to electrostatic coalescence are often considered when technological advancements are made to the coalescence process and the apparatus. Separately, Ole-Moren,34 Green and Perry35 and Eow and Ghadiri36 separately suggest that centrifugal force helps to avoid the need to reduce the viscosity of the oil. Coupled with electrostatic coalescence, centrifugal forces enhance the actual detachment of water molecules from the crude oil, which is often highly viscous. Heating and Electrical Treatment Electrostatic coalescence is a separation process that incorporates certain thermodynamic principles. When it comes to the separation of water from crude oil, the element of heat becomes crucial to ensuring the coalescence is effective. In a study to determine the strengths and shortcomings of electrostatic coalescence, Less
Explore the SBTM Prospectus Template.

InstructionsFirst, review the SBTM Prospectus Template. Find every reference to either qualitative or quantitative design. While these two approaches have many similarities, there are some important differences in the way each should be treated. In an APA style document with citations compare and contrast the expectations for each approach as presented in the template. You must use other references to help clarify the similarities and the differences.Support your paper with a minimum of 5 resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.Length: 5-7 pages not including title and reference pagesYour paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards. Be sure to adhere to Northcentral University’s Academic Integrity Policy.
Explore the SBTM Prospectus Template

Maricopa Community Colleges Rio Salado Community College Reflection Essay.

In 500 words reflect on what you have learned in this course. What was new to you and what interested you the most? Were you able to apply materials to your work if you are working in a clinical research or regulatory position? What did you find challenging? Topics were: Explain the differences between the OHRP and the FDA’s requirements in the conduct of researchAppraise the US FDA’s role governing the commercialization of medical products and the conduct of clinical trialsEvaluate the regulatory context for the conduct of clinical researchAnalyze the structure of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), including the FDA Committees and the functions of each major component of the organizationReview the laws enforced by the FDAEvaluate the process of drug developmentCompare the types of approvals and characteristics of each pathway for regulated medical devicesEvaluate the contribution of quality systems in product development and productionReview the meaning of cGMP and the importance of cGMP in the manufacturing of medical devicesCompare pathways to market for pharmaceutical productsUnderstand the purpose and contents of an IND applicationAnalyze the new drug application process.Explore U S regulatory agencies that take part in the regulation of particular aspects of these products (such as print advertising)Reflect on the impact of the availability of resources and enforcement discretion by a regulatory agency in carrying out its mission.Discuss the conduct of ethical clinical research and the associated regulations during the product development process.Summarize the membership requirements, ethical obligations, and regulatory oversight of an Institutional Review Board.Evaluate the impact of GCPs on the conduct of clinical research.Review the regulatory requirements for biological products and dietary supplements.Gain a deeper understanding of the medical devices that are categorized as “diagnostic” devices.Apply the regulatory framework to understand and compare the requirements for evaluating these products.
Maricopa Community Colleges Rio Salado Community College Reflection Essay

Deliverable 7 Reorganization

Deliverable 7 Reorganization.

CompetencyThis competency will allow you to demonstrate your ability and skill as a consultant and use your analysis of NoJax’s structure and organizational behavior to provide a plan for reorganization.InstructionsYou have been asked by NoJax to come in as a consultant and analyze the business for factors that impact the organizational behavior of the company. NoJax would like to ensure that their company design is current and that their employees are as efficient as possible. You have been analyzing several elements of the organization structure and behaviors using the NoJax Company Background document to identify areas of improvement. You will use that information to provide NoJax a new reorganization plan to continue their success, to be more efficient, and to stay ahead of their competition.In your reorganization report, address the following questions: Using your behavior analysis from module 01, provide a detailed plan to positively change current employee behavior. Include at least three aspects of diversity that will have a positive impact on the behavior of the organization. What new processes and continued training plans can NoJax implement to ensure successful assimilation of new employees? LOOK AT AT ATTACHED DELIVERABLE 01Utilizing the Big-Five personality traits you identified in module 02, relate them to how management can affect organization culture. How can the culture be altered in a positive manner to improve relationships with management and employees? What plan will you put in place to continue the positive relationships? LOOK AT ATTACHED DELIVERABLE 02Include the key elements you identified in module 03 that go into creating an organization as you describe NoJax’s company structure. How can the basic structure of NoJax be improved to better align business goals and employee objectives? Include at least five elements to improve the structure. LOOK AT ATTACHED DELIVERABLE 03Using the barriers in communication you identified in module 04, propose at least one change for each of NoJax’s barriers, so they are able to change their communication process. How will a more effective and supportive communication process have the most impact and build better relationships and a stronger culture within the company? LOOK AT ATTACHED DELIVERABLE 04Utilizing what you identified in module 05 as the process of decision-making NoJax currently uses, how can they become more efficient and better use the negotiation process? Make sure you identify each step of the decision-making process NoJax currently uses. Then you will need to add any elements of the decision-making process that are missing. If any current step is not working or is weak, you will need to describe how NoJax can improve each of those steps to be more efficient. LOOK AT ATTACHED DELIVERABLE 05In your proposed change for NoJax from module 06, how should each management person best use their management style to have the greatest positive impact on employees? How can management maintain a balance between the current culture and making new and improved relationships to minimize resistance to change? Include at least six elements in your plan. LOOK AT ATTACHED DELIVERABLE 06*************PLEASE USE COMPANY BACKGROUND DOCUMENT IT IS VERY IMPORTANT,**************************PLEASE LOOK AT THE RUBRIC IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT THEY ARE MET, EACH BULLET HAS A SECTION OF THE RUBRIC*************************PLEASE LOOK AT THE PREVIOUS DELIVERABLES 1 and 2 are in the same document, as with 3 and 4, and 5 and 6, THERE ARE 6 BULLET POINTS AND SIX DELIVERABLES******************EVERYTHING IS ATTACHED*********THERE IS NOT A PAGE REQUIREMENT AS LONG AS THE RUBRIC IS MET***********IF IT IS ALL CORRECT A FAT TIP YOU WILL RECIEVE****
Deliverable 7 Reorganization

Intellectual Property and E-Business Essay

essay writing help Intellectual Property and E-Business Essay. Introduction The article in questions dwells upon intellectual property protection. The author provides a brief analysis of major ways to protect intellectual property. The author claims that different countries have a variety of laws aimed at the protection of intellectual property. Kotabe (2010) also argues that the contemporary business world requires global laws that could protect the intellectual property of companies operating in different countries. The author also highlights several global regulations which are being introduced. The author focuses on e-commerce and claims that it is very difficult to ensure the protection of intellectual property due to advances in information technologies. Kotabe (2010) notes that any electronic data are potentially vulnerable. Strengths of the Article It is necessary to state that the issues concerning intellectual property in e-business have been discussed for decades. Melvin (2011) also highlights existing ways to protect intellectual property and stresses the need to introduce global laws which could be applicable in all cases. Kotabe (2010) provides meaningful arguments to support his statement. First, the author analyses such types of intellectual property protection as patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets. The author also mentions several treaties and conventions concerning international treaties for intellectual property protection. Remarkably, the author includes a variety of specific examples from real life. He mentions particular cases concerning intellectual property protection. This makes the article more specific and reliable. The author does not simply reveal his viewpoint on the matter but provides specific pieces of evidence. This is one of the strengths of the article. It is also important to note that the author uses simple language along with the necessary terms. The outline of the article is also very clear. Subtitles help the reader to easily follow the author. This makes the article suitable for a very wide audience. The article is recent, and it is located in a scholarly journal, which makes it a valuable source of information. Limitations Nonetheless, the article also has certain limitations. Even though Kotabe (2010) mentions some treaties and conventions which can help multinationals operate globally, it seems insufficient. The author claims that the article touches upon certain limitations in the field. However, these limitations are too general. It is obvious that intellectual property protection laws are different in different countries, and this is one of the limitations. The author also mentions that in the process of creation, countries try to ensure more possibilities for companies located within their boundaries. Again, this is too general. The author does not provide sufficient examples to prove his point. This part of the article needs specific examples to form real life, which could speak louder than words. Conclusion On balance, it is possible to note that the article in question is a valuable source of information for research concerning intellectual property protection. The author provides a brief analysis of existing types of protection of intellectual law in some countries as well as globally. The author claims that the contemporary globalized world needs new regulations as companies are vulnerable due to the potential accessibility of data. However, there are certain limitations to this article. For instance, it is necessary to provide examples of flaws of existing international laws for intellectual property protection. It is also possible to provide a certain methodology which could help develop effective regulations and laws. Reference List Kotabe, M. (2010). Evolving intellectual property protection in the world: Promises and limitations. UPR Business Journal, 1(1), 1-16. Melvin, S. P. (2011). The legal environment of business: A managerial approach: Theory to practice. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Intellectual Property and E-Business Essay

How to Choose a Major Persuasive Essay

Choosing an academic major, the students make one of the most important decisions in life. It is a complicated issue which is influenced by a number of aspects where gender one is the most significant. Such issue includes the psychological process of selecting the academic majors from the position of the gender stereotypes. Although gender rights and ability to choose the education and work are equal in the modern society, the gender aspect is still has a serious impact on the people’s choice, including the choice of college major. Thus, according to the most widely spread stereotypes, girls rather choose humanities than technical majors or math, while boys prefer the sciences, technical subjects and IT. However, I think that the statement that girls and boys have the different ability to study technical subjects is incorrect due to a number of examples of successful women-scientists. It is the absolutely illogical position, as the present aspect is based on the personal skills and inborn patterns. Therefore, analyzing the current situation within the educational system from the position of the gender stereotypes, it is necessary to develop the solution which should step-by-step improve the situation. The most appropriate measures are the providing of the seminars for school students when the teachers could emphasize an importance of the personal choice in spite of the stereotyped opinions. As the students will comprehend that the decision-making process should be independent and based on the personal skills and desires, they will choose those majors which can help them to increase the inborn talent. Therefore, it is necessary to change the stereotypical view of the gender definition of the sciences, developing the governmental programs which would guarantee the equality of every students no matter of gender and to provide the lessons and seminars for students, indicating and unmasking the gender stereotypes as a cause of the significant impact on the process of choosing a major. It is obvious that the choice of a major is a one of the most important decisions in life. St. John says that “there is, perhaps, no college decision that is more thought-provoking, gut-wrenching and rest-of-your life-oriented – or disoriented – than the choice of a major” (22). Most of the students make their choice not only because they do not want to study math or languages or, vice versa, they want to investigate the concrete subject. The foundation of the psychological aspects within the process of choosing a major indicates that the gender stereotypes have a significant influence on the students’ choice. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, there is a widely spread belief in the society that boys are better in sciences and various technical subjects than girls. As it is a well-known fact that girls have more developed left cerebral hemisphere, while boys have right, many people suppose that girls should choose humanities such as literature, languages, psychology, etc. In every situation when the girl chooses the technical studies, math or chemistry, there are the doubts about an ability of female to cope with such sciences. On the other hand, there is a stereotype than females are better teachers and psychologists than males due to the natural skills to comprehend the emotions and feeling of others and ability to teach children. However, the simple analysis demonstrates than this statement is absolutely wrong, as there are different examples of the great male teachers. Besides, the majority of the famous psychologists are males. Therefore, I am sure of the necessity of explaining of this issue for students who are ready to make a choice of a major. The present issue requires the development of the measures which could reduce the disbalance and stereotypes within the educational area. The research of this problem demonstrates that the issue needs more strict developmental solutions. Many researchers emphasize that the gender stereotypes and gender equality are the parts of the international promoting programs which claim the importance of parity and the personal rights, including the choice of educational majors, in spite of the stereotypes. Thus, Subrahmanian says that gender parity and equality within the education are the international development goals (396). The author analyses the work of The Dakar Framework for Action, which contains the gender-based goals. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the gender inequality on the different levels of educational system, including the primary and secondary education. According to the researcher, a gender perspective within the educational system includes such elements as “learning content, teaching method and process, subject choice, assessment modes, management of peer relationships and learning outcomes” (Subrahmanian 403). Thus, it is possible to notice that subject choice is one of the key elements of the gender equality. According to Bennett et al., the current situation within the educational system demonstrates the presence of such characteristics as “politicians’ concerns for the country to remain globally competitive through scientific innovation delivered by a skilled workforce; lobbyists’ campaigns for equal rights for women employees; and female academics’ challenges to the cultures and practices of their own science disciplines” (2010). We will write a custom Essay on How to Choose a Major specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, the authors emphasize the feminist perspective, which has a significant support. From this point of view, there is no problem for the students to choose that major which they want no matter of gender. However, as this situation is typical for United Kingdom and Ireland, a number of other world’s communities demonstrate the different statistics where the gender factor is significant. The researchers suggest the political debates like one of the measures which can improve the problem of the gender stereotypes within the educational system. All children should have the same access to the educational programs and subjects. Although this problem is not significant in the Western countries, it is one of the major aspects of the Eastern societies and especially in the Middle East, where females have fewer abilities than males. Providing of the equal access to the scientific disciplines will help students be more acquainted with the subjects and will help them to choose a major. Such problems should be discussed on the various levels, including the ministers and governments and the national and international committees. As the ministries of education will comprehend the problem, they will develop the measures to improve the situation and to change the stereotypes. I see the development of seminars and lessons in the schools as the major step of improvement of the situation. One of the solutions is the creation of a list of recommendations for students. This list should include those elements which will emphasize the equality of males and females in the process of choice of a major and an importance of the personal skills and inborn talent as the basement of the choice. Besides, I would like to provide the particular examples, for instance, the successful male teachers and female-physicists. Such obvious examples are more effective and convincing than the theories. Reading the information about the concrete scientists, the students will feel freer and more assured of their choice of a major. For instance, the information about Sofia Kovalevskaya and Marie Skłodowska-Curie, among many other women-scientists, will demonstrate that students should easily choose chemistry, math or physics as a major, in spite of the gender stereotypes. At the same time, the information about successful male teachers or designers will help males to follow their desire to study such “female” disciplines as literature or art. Although it is a well-known fact that men are better chefs than women, most of the male students do not want to study this discipline, in spite of the skills and desire. Not sure if you can write a paper on How to Choose a Major by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Besides, they are better fashion and interior designers. Although it seems absolutely female deal to teach children, cook and express the emotions, men can get more success as the teachers and artists. However, most of the time, they are scared to be mocked or misunderstood as well as girls are afraid to choose the technical majors and, as the result, to be misunderstood and do not be treated seriously. The school seminars should demonstrate that both genders have the same rights within the choice of the academic programs and it is not shameful to follow the dreams. Moreover, it would be appropriate and effective to invite the practitioners form the different areas in order to show the students that it is possible to get the success in every field, in spite of gender. As a result of the seminars, the students will be able to get the feedback from the professionals. Thereby, it is necessary to make those studies more practical than theoretical. As the theory can be good, while doing the research and investigating the problem, the practical examples are more effective and convincing in the process of decision-making. Considering gender as one of the major issues that has a significant impact on the process of choosing of an academic major by students, it is necessary to provide the measures which should improve this problem. Thus, the possible solution can be found in development of the educational programs by the governments, which will guarantee the equal rights and parity within the educational system for all students. This issue should be discussed within the political and social debates in order to improve the problem of gender stereotypes as one of the key elements of choosing a major. It is necessary to provide the possibility of choosing any subject no matter of gender of the student. Besides, the school program should include the seminars and lectures where the students will be able to get information about the different subjects which can be chosen as the majors. Additionally, such seminars will provide an opportunity to learn about the particular examples of males and females who got success in the various fields of science. As the students will get the chance to meet with the professionals, they will comprehend the necessity of the choice of a major, according to their natural talent and skill and no matter of gender. Works Cited Bennett, Cinnamon, Marina Larios, Louise Norman and Emma Parry 2010, Meta-analysis of gender and science research – Country group report: UK and Ireland countries. PDF file. Web. St. John, E. “Majors.” Black Issues in Higher Education, 17.4 (2000): 21-27. Print. Subrahmanian, Ramya. “Gender equalityin education: Definitions and measurements.” International Journal of Educational Development 25 (2005): 395–407. Print.

Florida National University Health in the Global Community Essay

Florida National University Health in the Global Community Essay.

Health in the Global Community.Women’s healthRead chapters 15 and 17 of the class textbooks and review the attached PowerPoint presentations. Once done, answer the following questions.Describe globalization and international patterns of health and disease.Identify international health care organizations and how they collaborate to improve global nursing and health care.Identify and discuss the major indicators of women’s health. Identify and discuss the barriers to adequate health care for women.As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in an APA format word document, . A minimum of 2 evidence-based references (besides the class textbook) no older than 5 years must be used. A minimum of 800 words is required and not exceeding 1,000 words (excluding the first and reference page). Please make sure to follow the instructions as given and use either spell-check or Grammarly before you post your assignment.Check plagiarism please.
Florida National University Health in the Global Community Essay

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