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Effects of Video Games Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Overweight School Performance Effects on Social Relationships References Introduction The society has been immensely influenced by the technological changes, which are reshaping some of the activities. The emerging technologies in one way or another have affected every member of society, irrespective of age. Video Games have had the greatest influence on the lives of children. Children no longer appreciate the outdoor games as was before, as most of their time is spend indoors playing video games. Although this trend may have a positive impact on the lives of the concerned children as far as their knowledge of computer is concerned, there are various negative impacts. Various educationists have confirmed that outdoor plays are very important to the development and growth of children. It helps them develop socially as they meet with their friends and learn to share discussions, get involved in physical activities and develop physically through such games. The paper talks about some of the negative effects of computer games (Finkel, 1995). It is established through research that computer games do not help children grow academically. In fact, computer games contribute to inactivity of body cells, which might lead to oversight hence causing diseases such as hypertension and diabetes. Moreover, indoor games contribute to poor academic performance among students because most of the time is spend on useless games that do not offer any academic lessons. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Lastly, computer games lead to the development of antisocial behavior whereby a student is not interested in interacting with his or her peers. Overweight Available literature shows that more children are growing obese owing to the fact that they spend little time exercising and engage frequently with the computer. Research shows that children who take part in physical exercises are more healthy, intelligent, and active in class. The study conducted by American Heart Association proved that children are contracting heart diseases mainly because of lack of physical activity. The research indicated that the number of obese children increased by four percent in 1974. Those affected were children aged six to eleven years. However, the percentage increase could not be compared with the study conducted in 2006 whereby the increase rate was seventeen percent. As from 1971 to 2006, the number of adolescents thought to be obese increased from 6.1 percent to 17.6 percent. The percentage increase was shocking. Furthermore, the increase was attributed to lack of physical activity and video games (Wiegman,
Development and Strategies for Reducing World Hunger. World Hunger and its Roots Food is a basic need and right of every individual in the world, yet there are many hunger victims starving for at least one meal a day in almost all the countries across the world, especially in the developing countries. World Hunger doesn’t only include the hunger, but also the undernourished. According to the World Hunger Facts (2018), “98% of undernourished people live in developing countries” and most of them are women. World hunger is one of the prevailing issues leading to death. The main reason that makes world hunger an environmental issue is that, the food is produced globally, but it is distributed unequally. Some other issues such as the poverty, over population, pollution, weather and climate also lead their way to increase the hunger in high rates across the world. According to the facts, 815 million people were dead across the world due to chronic hunger problems in the year 2016 (World Hunger Again on The Rise, 2017). The world hunger has been an issue since very old times, since after World War II. This may be because of the destruction of the land and the economic downfall of the countries, there was increase in the prices and decrease in the productivity of the food supplies, specially wheat, in result, there is an increase in hunger victims due to unaffordable prices of the food. Another most important reason for rise in hunger according to Clapp was, increase in growth of extraction of biofuels from non-food crops instead of growing food crops that declined the food productivity. The Spread of World Hunger World Hunger is interconnected to many environmental issues which make the hunger a bigger problem today. Firstly, the population; The places with high population lack minimum proportionate ratio of resources to certain number of people which results in lack of resources. Many countries with high populations, now suffer with the hunger problems the most. Asia is one such continent with highest rate of hunger and over populated region (especially, South Asia). With over population, there will be no enough land for agricultural purposes leading to less productivity of food and when coming to proportions of food distributed, very less food resources would be produced for such a huge population and even if it is manageable to distribute equally to all, there comes another issue of world hunger, the poverty. This is another way of increasing the world hunger. As discussed in the historic basis, economy had a lot of impact on world hunger. After the world War II, when the prizes were increased for the most basic food supplies, there were many people who couldn’t afford and stayed hunger or undernourished with no enough nutritional intake. The most hunger victims are women and children under five years. The words “Uneven distribution of both food production and food trade, and poor access to food, are the key reasons that people continue to go hungry in this world of plenty.” (Jennifer, 2014) and “Of the world’s current population of 6.8 billion, five billion are living at the levels of poverty that deprive them of their basic needs, and more than one billion are going hungry.” (Powledge, 2010) show the effects of economy on the hunger rates across the world. Then comes the climate or weather, that has the biggest and a dramatic affect on the world hunger. By some solutions or estimations, artificial calamities like poverty, or population can be controlled, even in the assumptions after twenty to thirty years, but the natural calamities cannot be controlled by mankind. The affect of natural calamities is very extreme and dramatic. One such extreme example is flood, and drought- one completely washes out the farms or the latter completely make the farms barren lands, which cannot be reused again. According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition, there was an increase of thirty-eight million more hunger people than the previous year, which was largely due to proliferation of violent conflicts and climate-related shocks (World Hunger Again on the Rise, 2017). Pollution, a man- made affect also joins the natural calamities in devastating the world and increases the hunger. Pollution, in fact, indirectly leads to the natural calamities and then to the world hunger rates. This way, many factors influence the world hunger to spread more and in more countries. Steps Taken to reduce the World Hunger Rates. Hunger is an issue that kills most of the future generations, if not solved. The greatest number of undernourished or hunger people are kids and the women. Kids are the future for the world, so to save our future world, there were many steps and policies taken to control the number of hunger and undernourished and are still ongoing. Many organizations were built up and came forward to donate food supplies or extra basic resources to the poor and needy. Government also collected funds and donations and started many schemes and policies in many of the countries to help the poor. The prizes were not totally declined but many basic products came in availability to the poor. New ways to adapt for the worst climatic conditions were taught to the farmers. Several scientific methods were introduced in the field of agriculture to enhance the productivity of the food crops. Invitro fertilization, genetically modified crops (GM), new farming techniques were introduced. Many organizations and projects came into existence that promoted sustainable farming practices, to develop income generative practices, empowered people to create, stock and manage their own food banks at the community levels (World Hunger Project, 2018). Women were also trained for the agricultural practices and were taught about the minimum nutritional levels required by the body to overcome hunger. There were trades in between countries to enhance the supply of resources to developing and resource- lacking countries. Green revolution is widely spread to decrease hunger and high technology use in the farm lands and bio-technological methods to enhance the crop growth are introduced into the agriculture. Many fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides are being used to overcome the pests and loss of crop in the fields. Farmers are being supported financially by the government by giving loans. Farmers are being informed and taught regarding the correct use of fertilizers, technology and how to maintain their financial investment to get required amount of meal to the family and for the use of growing crops. The seasonal crops are planted with a shift of types of crops grown in the history in a particular land to make sure that the land doesn’t loose its fertility due to the growth of a similar crop in every rotation. When coming to the population issue, some countries had implemented schemes to get their family planning operations, an in turn they get a reward of money. For Instance, this is a scheme implemented in India to have only two children (Hum DO, Hamare Do) for every couple and they got reward money for that, which brought a change in a period in the past, but not a great revolution nor it is practiced now. There are many steps taken both internationally and nationally by each country to overcome the hunger and malnutrition, which have both advantages and disadvantages practicing these methods. Bright Side of the Practices. Although world hunger cannot be eradicated completely in very less period, the fore steps taken to control it has a bright affect on the rates of hunger and undernourished numerically. The projects or schemes implemented by government are providing food resources to the needy. The knowledge of nutritional values given to the families increased the number of calorie intake specially by children. The bio technological tools and equipment are vastly used in the farms for great productivity and high potentiality to grow the food crops. The pesticides, insecticides and fertilizers used will kill the insects and pests that destroy the crop and enhance the productivity of the crop. “Several agricultural and ecological scientists believe that a large scale shift to organic farming (OF) would not only increase the world’s food supply but, might be the only way to eradicate hunger sustainably” (Taheri, 2017). The genetically modified (GM) crops has an advantage of resistance to the climatic changes and can withstand the extremes for longer time than the regular crops. The hybridization has a great result in improving the crop productivity as, the hybrid varieties has an improved quality and quantity of the food when compared to a normal plant. There will be increase in the quantity of the food or grain produced and it can be distributed to a greater number of people decreasing the hunger. Another use of hybrid crops is that they can be grown by adding the required nutrients or minerals and their combinations to get the proportionate amounts of calorie and nutrient intake. The financial suggestions and support by the government to the farmers helped to maintain their economical issues. The rotational knowledge helped the farmers to grow different types of crops in different seasons and sometimes they benefit by growing the commercial crops. The alternatives to the production of biofuels helped increase in food crops. Disadvantages of the Practices. The fertilizers used in the farm lands against the pests and insects, improve the resistance of the weeds and enhance their growth in high rates which may kill the crops. The GM crops has many disadvantages along with the advantages such as, they may create an imbalance in the ecosystem by killing the insects. It creates issues with the soil i.e. it increases the soil pollution and may result in sterility and immune prone-problems in human when they eat the product of the GM crop. The Green revolution leads to the toxic insects and improves resistance in weeds which makes it difficult to get rid of the plants. In the birth control programs like in India, for money some force the women to get the operation done. Although having an advantage of the hybrid crops, but the prizes of the hybrid seeds or the hybrid crop products is high and not affordable by the poor. Any step taken to overcome hunger has both the advantages and disadvantages when put in practice. New ways are being experimented across the world to get rid of hunger. It is not only the duty in a big pace, but every individual should feel responsible to wipe the hunger off, so that everyone has the basic need, the food, at least for children. World Hunger became a problem due to less resources, so than wasting the excess resources a person has, one must donate it to the needy. In this way, every citizen can give their contribution in such big progress of the world. References Jennifer Clapp. (2014). World Hunger and the Global Economy: Strong Linkages, Weak Action. Journal of International Affairs, (2), 1. Retrieved from and Strategies for Reducing World Hunger

The Rationale of the Cryonics Research Paper

Table of Contents Introduction What is Cryonics Cryonics and Egypt Cryonics and Religion Legalization Ethics Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Many religions including Islam have built hope in their followers by the promise of life after death after death considering that people have always feared death and sought immortality. Since the ancient times, human beings have held a belief that the human soul survives death. However, in case there is no consciousness beyond death, then many people have been fooled by their religious and cultural believes. Despite the question whether it’s possible to revive a dead person or whether there is real life after death, trying to achieve immortality is a timeless venture by human beings (Ettinger 123). The Egyptians are among the communities in the world that showed great obsession with immortality and preparation for death. Islam does not clearly support cryogenic but Christian has been teaching on immortalism for centuries and many Christians believe that they will resurrect again. Death can be described as a change in the chemistry of life therefore disorganizing the normal functions casing the body to stop functioning. Many believe that it’s not actually when life stops as people can be turned on and off and survive. However these raises a question as to how much chemical changes can a person survive? Technology level can determine this. In the past, about a century ago cardiac arrest could not be reversed, however today the heart can be started several minutes (4-6 minutes) after it has stopped (Ettinger 128). Beyond that, it would be very hard to resuscitate the brain. The rationale of this paper is that cryonics is a reversible process and if done immediately enough, then the body would be preserved before it dies. This means in future the person can be resuscitated back to life by use of appropriate technology like molecular repair (Perry 40). Because of sanctity of life, the practice has evoked medical, religious and moral ethical concerns. The underlying reason for the belief that life can be revived is that cryonists do not recognize legal death as actual death but look at it as reversible (Best 493). Even conventional medical now state that death only occurs when the heart and the brain function cannot be restarted. The Egyptians hence tried to make sure that they preserved a person very close to immortality and this is the reason why they when to greater extent of building the pyramids and doing the mummification. They believed that as long as the body was well preserved, the soul had a place to stay therefore hope for possible resurrection. In order to shed light on the issue this paper will focus its literature on this thesis “the problem of cryonics, the question of its legalization and the way it corresponds with Islam and other religions in Egypt – Medical, moral, and religious ethics toward cryonics in Egypt”. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What is Cryonics Cryonics is a process that is used to preserve a dead human body in extremely low temperatures so that the body is practically frozen with hopes that life could be revived in future (Best 493). This process is speculative that freezing a body can preserve it in intact condition the reason being that that in case a person died from an incurable disease today, he/she can be resurrected in future when a new cure is discovered, the person can be treated and live again (Henson

Week 4 Case Study

i need help writing an essay Week 4 Case Study. I’m working on a Marketing exercise and need support.

After reviewing all the materials presented, complete the following essay questions using formative research to support your answers.

What are the Consumer Insights behind this storytelling approach? Note that your brand storytelling example must be different from your project – it’s a good idea to use the same one as from the weekly discussion.
Describe the media used in your brand storytelling example in detail, distinguishing any paid, earned and owned elements. Which aspects, connect to consumers on an emotional level?
Referring back to the Week 1 Module, does this story seem authentic to the brand? Which type of authenticity is it?
Does the campaign inspire the consumer to want to join the brand conversation and share their own brand story? Please provide an example of how consumers participate.

Completed essays should be a minimum of 3 pages of content, written in MLA format with a Works Cited added as the 4th (last) page.
Week 4 Case Study

Policies and legislation affecting Early Years Practitioners

Policies and legislation affecting Early Years Practitioners. This module will explore the changing features of different Early Years settings, working with other professional and the skills and the core skills of those workers. It will look at the policies and legislation affecting Early Years Practitioners and the beliefs and values that ensure quality childcare. It will also include observations and problems created by working within the current guidelines. Historically homes had no appliances so a woman’s occupation was chores and childcare, other family members lived locally and helped. With increasing school leaving age and new appliances women could fill freed time with jobs and increased income meant more appliances. Government policy supported women working; they had careers, luxuries became necessities, families dispersed moving to the work and alternative childcare was sought. This led to more childcare requirements providing parental peace of mind rather than education and preparation for life. The quality provided was diverse and various programmes were introduced through law, policy and consultation to meet the growing needs of parents and their children. The Children Act 1989 provided legislation for under-eights, introducing quality standards for all children’s services using a registration and an annual inspection (reports to be made available to parents) system maintained by local authorities. In addition they had to carry out checks on over eighteen year olds who came into contact with children, ensure that the premises used were suitable and set staff : child ratios. Children had to be helped to get the most from planned activities. The Act’s failings were that it did not allow access to at risk children, provided insufficient emergency protection, allowed inappropriate Care Orders so that a child could be taken into care unchallenged. It did allow children and their families to be heard but this was seen a problem removing Local Authorities autonomy. The Special Educational Needs Code of Practice (1994) was the first that defined the roll of the SENCO (Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator) appointed for each setting. In 1997 the Labour Government stated in their manifesto: Previously there had been no measurable standards and establishments worked alone. Investment in the National Childcare Strategy (1998) provided more affordable, quality childcare places so parents could work satisfied that their children were safe and well looked after. More training was made available and to accommodate free childcare places for three year olds childminders could become accredited. Early Learning Goals replaced Desirable Outcomes within the Foundation Stage. Sure Start Local Programmes were an initiative started in 1997 to give every child the best start to achieved their full potential, initially 250 centres were opened to support parents, in disadvantaged areas, with early education (from birth to four), childcare and health. In 2004 Sure Start Local Programmes and Neighbourhood Nurseries became Sure Start Children’s Centres and are now accessible to every district. They are now meant to be self-maintained but this has not happened and funding has been cut. They advertise themselves as: The social expectation is that parents should return to work and the care given will provide children with the best start possible implying that wrap around childcare is best but ignores possible developmental problems such as not providing secure attachment, although a key worker is provided, the hours that the centres are open means that they work shifts. More importantly they have failed in their original remit as their qualities are recognised by the ‘middle classes’. The Laming Report resulted in the green paper, Every Child Matters (ECM) (2003), highlighting poor communication and lack of information sharing between agencies’ particularly health and education, when protecting children. It focused on five outcomes: Children’s Act 2004 provided the legislation enforcing local authorities and central government to meet some requirements of ECM particularly regarding multi-disciplinary working. Public outcry to the anti-smacking clause resulted inclusion of a definition of smacking. The Children’s Commissioner lacked power and this continues to cause concern. One agency had to be in overall control; Local Authorities were appointed but other agencies felt marginalised. There was valid concern about data sharing as there have been several occasions when data has been made visible on the internet. After consultation ECM: The Next Step (2004) stated that aged five children should completed the foundation stage so be ready for school narrowing the gap in the 20% most disadvantaged. ECM: Change for Children covered inclusion for special needs. Although the Childcare Act 2006 states that local authorities have to provide information, advice and help for children up to 20 years, it was also given a duty to provide childcare providers information, advice and training, to ensure sufficient childcare to meet parental demand and be duty bound to improve the ECM outcomes. It merged Birth to Three, the Foundation Stage and National Standards for Under Eights Day Care and Childminding into the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) with the expectation of providing high standards of early education from birth to five and recognising over fives need different care. Childcare providers in Hampshire work within their authority’s interpretation of the act. EYFS advocated supporting each child in reaching developmental goals, none being left behind, by focusing on the same five outcomes as ECM. The Statutory Framework for the Foundation Stage (May 2008) aims to EYFS does not embrace diversity particularly in culture or make allowance for special needs. Experiences should be child led so right for each child but they are still kept with peer groups maybe should be more flexible only allow so far behind then special school The anti-EYFS petition stated that as it is mandatory for all childcare and education to follow the same format removing parental choice. Children can no longer be prepared for school so the problems with transition are addressed in school. Multi-agency consultation is pivotal ECM but practitioners continued to rely upon previous assessments and each practitioner assessed the child within their particular remit, no-one looked at the child as a whole, leading to multiple assessments’ resulting in wasted money and frustration for all parties; this was corrected with Common Assessment Framework (CAF) (2007). The current government agree that every child should fulfil their potential but feel that the key is parental background. They acknowledge that without good quality childcare this is less likely to be met. They cite that However, when their education ends the economy needs to meet the expectations of these children A report commissioned from Leon Feinstein which illustrated that early intervention was needed citing information as much as 40 years old ignoring the impact modern practice. They intend funding early learning and childcare for 20,000 most disadvantage two year olds and extend free childcare (EYE). Most of the 5% that do not currently access EYE come from disadvantaged families; Sure Start Health Visitors remit will be to attract these families. Although the changes in law and policy since 1989 were needed it would have been better if they had been proactive or put into place after consultation with end users (practitioners, parents and children) not just ‘experts’ and not fixing problems as they occur. Funding has given choices to the poorest and means all practitioners have access to training both required and of choice. Policy continues to change; EYFS is under review to extend tests 5 year olds. As result of a child abuse case part of the Serious Case Review report summary states It would be easier to use personal camera memory in a settings phone so more thought is needed before implication. Childcare workers need to have . Additionally they must enjoy being with children, care about them, encourage, listen, stimulate and extend imagination, helping them learn as individuals and watch and record their growth. Many workers bad life experience, repressed not want children to do same and cope with it not end up like me. Policies and legislation affecting Early Years Practitioners

Unit 1 Discussion Board Substance Abuse Treatment Terminology

Unit 1 Discussion Board Substance Abuse Treatment Terminology.

The Discussion Board (DB) is part of the core of online learning. Classroom discussion in an online environment requires the active participation of students and the instructor to create robust interaction and dialogue. Every student is expected to create an original response to the open-ended DB question as well as engage in dialogue by responding to posts created by others throughout the week. At the end of each unit, DB participation will be assessed based on both level of engagement and the quality of the contribution to the discussion.
At a minimum, each student will be expected to post an original and thoughtful response to the DB question and contribute to the weekly dialogue by responding to at least two other posts from students. The first contribution must be posted before midnight (Central Time) on Friday of each week. Two additional responses are required after Friday of each week. Students are highly encouraged to engage on the Discussion Board early and often, as that is the primary way the university tracks class attendance and participation.
The purpose of the Discussion Board is to allow students to learn through sharing ideas and experiences as they relate to course content and the DB question. Because it is not possible to engage in two-way dialogue after a conversation has ended, no posts to the DB will be accepted after the end of each unit.
You have a friend who has been recently paroled to your town. You know he has been using crack cocaine daily for about 6 months. You are worried that your friend might be addicted and in trouble. He has become more paranoid and argumentative. You do not know where to turn for help. You call the local drug abuse hotline and they tell you that he needs an intervention. However, if you intervene this might mean that he breaks parole and will be incarcerated for the next several years. You also know that he is able to get drugs in prison and this will not break the cycle of his addictions.
Assignment Guidelines
•In 5–7 paragraphs, address the following: ◦What form of treatment do you think your friend might need? Why?
◦What are the ramifications for you and your friend if you take steps to help? Explain.
◦Do you think that the risk is worth the potential result? Why or why not?
◦Do you think it is your place to intervene or to suggest treatment options? Explain.
•Post a new topic to the Discussion Board that contains your responses to the above questions.
•Comment on at least two other students’ posts.

Unit 1 Discussion Board Substance Abuse Treatment Terminology

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