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Effects of Teamwork on Employee Performance

The effect of teams on organizational performance has been a topic of many researches done by academics and practitioners for the past four decades. One possible reason for this interest is the widespread belief that teams can affect the performance of organizations. The composition of a team is considered by some researchers to be particularly important in achieving organizational goals and in evoking performance among subordinates. Several reasons indicate that there should be a relationship between teamwork and performance. Scholars and practitioners suggest that effective team behaviors can facilitate the improvement of performance when organizations face new challenges. Understanding the effect of teamwork on performance is important because teamwork is viewed by some researchers as one of the key driving force for improving a firm’s performance. A team is a formal group of members who interact at a high level and work together intensely to achieve a common group goal. When teams are effective, they draw on the abilities and experiences of their members to accomplish things that could not be achieved by individuals working separately or by other kinds of work group (Jones et al, 2008). Teams are especially appropriate for conducting tasks that are high in complexity and have many interdependent subtasks. A group then is a set of two or more people who interact with each other to achieve certain goals or meet certain needs. A group in itself does not necessarily constitute a team. Teams normally have members with complementary skills and generate synergy through a coordinated effort which allows each member to maximize his or her strengths and minimize his or her weaknesses. The term groups and teams are used interchangeably, with the personal preference of writers and tradition guiding the choice of word, rather conceptual distinction. For example, the ‘how-to-do it’ books aimed at a management audience tend to refer to teams in organizations, while, for historical reasons, discussions about shop floor working arrangements refer to autonomous work groups. Hayes (1997) noted that the idea of team must be one of the most widely used metaphors in organizational life. 1.1 Proposed Research Topic Assessing the impact of teamwork on employee performance 1.2 Research Questions 1.2.1 Central Research Questions Why do organizations need teams? Do most members of an organization want to work in teams? In what kind of situation might it be especially important to have teams? Why are roles an important means of controlling team members’ behaviors? What are the negative impacts of teams on performance? 1.2.2 Theoretical Research Questions (Desk) What is the difference between teams and groups? What are the different types of teams that exist? How does communication affect team performance? How are grievances or complaints solved in a team? 1.2.3 Empirical Research Questions (Field) Which type of task need teams to be able to have it accomplished? What are some of the constraints in forming teams? How many times teams are formed in a fiscal year? How easily do members relate to each other in teams? Are these teams always able to perform tasks to the satisfaction of the leaders? Does the organization work with the same team or a different team is set up for different task? 2.0 Research Objectives The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between teamwork and its effects on employee performance. The main objectives are: To determine the value of teams in an organization. To analyze the necessity of teamwork on employee performance. To determine the types of task that needs a team to be able to accomplish them. To determine the negative impacts of teams on employee performance. Scope of the study This study will investigate team performance in ……..sector. It is rapidly expanding, and a number of new companies are being established. All these companies are high tech, and many of them are primarily service providers. To provide good services, these organizations need to be very good in technical advancement, adopting modern management styles, mainly team work to cope with the changing environment demands. Due to time and financial limitations, the main focus is only on one organization. A convenience sample is selected from the organization in order to administer the questionnaires and conduct interviews in few visits. 3.0 Research Design 3.1 Research Philosophy 3.1.1 Interpretivism The interpretivism advocates that it is necessary for the researcher to understand differences between humans in our role as social actors. The interpretivist perspective is highly appropriate in the case of business and management research, particularly in such fields as organizational behavior, marketing and human resource management. Philosophy to be applied by this research will be the ability to interpret both qualitative and quantitative data. The study will enter the social world of the research 3.2 Research Approach The study will use both deductive and inductive approaches to relate to the findings to existing theories. With the data which will be gathered and the questionnaire data from employees, an inductive approach will be used to explore any useful relationships or patterns. 3.3 Longitudinal Research The researcher will use questionnaires to assess the performance of team in the past years in order to make a period analysis of trends in employee performance in the organization. 4.0 Research Strategy 4.1 Desk Research The research will use quantitative secondary data and qualitative secondary data to be obtained from the organization. The study will use news articles, journals, books in order to get the most recent trends in employee performance in the organization. This study will likewise use related internet sources to fully support the information which will be provided in the research. 4.2 Literature Research For this research the sources of data will be books related to the topic and to Organizational Behavior and Organizational behavior and change in addition to the books that are used in the MBA program at The Hague University. 4.3 Theoretical Framework The study will explore documented information on teamwork on employee performance, especially employees in different organizations. It will also focus on the Human Resource practice and policy as it is applied in organizational behavior in organizations. 4.4 Primary Data Primary data would be sought through administering of questionnaires to the employees and Management of the organization. Interviews with relevant staff will be conducted to collect additional data for the research 4.5 Secondary Data The organization’s website and the filled in questionnaire by employees will be our primary sources of secondary data. The other secondary data will be obtained through literature search at The Hague University library and other public libraries in Den Haag. 4.6 Referencing Method In this research, the Harvard System or method of referencing will be employed 4.7 Sampling Method This study will use systematic sampling by targeting employees in the organization. About two hundred employees will be sampled. Out of these two hundred employees one hundred will be senior staff and one hundred will be junior staff 4.8 Empirical Framework: Adequate and representative primary data will be collected from the organization to meet the requirements of this research. This will include data to be collected through questionnaires, interviews with relevant staff of the organization. Two hundred Students per university will be sampled and will be the respondents at each participating Dutch University 4.9 Environment of Field Research This will entail interaction with the sponsor, staff and management in order to collect the needed data. Continuous and relevant communication by telephone, email and visits by appointments will form a major form of coordinating the activities of the research. 5.0 Research Population (Sources of primary data) Two hundred from each of the seven Dutch universities at which Studentalent is operating will be sampled. It is felt that a sample of 400 students will be a fair representative of the student population at each university. The student categories to be used will include undergraduate or graduate student and also whether the students are Dutch or Non Dutch. The table below shows the research population.

Health Reforms

Health Reforms.

I’m working on a nursing writing question and need a sample draft to help me study.

Hello my friend, new semester already started. Need this assignment by this saturday. Same specs as always. Thank youReview How Healthcare reform is impacting primary care https://www.ajmc.com/contributor/sophia- bernazzani/2016/03/how-healthcare-reform-is-impactingprimarycare Healthcare reform 101: What the health is going on in 2018?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwTWhwWLzHQ Healthcare Transformation and Changing Roles for Nursing https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5266427/pdf/ornur3612.pdf
Health Reforms

Rasmussen College Leveraging Technology for HRM Strategy Discussion

best essay writers Rasmussen College Leveraging Technology for HRM Strategy Discussion.

CompetencyCritique Human Resources initiatives and their influence on effective organizational performance.ScenarioYou are the director of HR information systems and analytics of a publicly-traded organization. Your current HR information systems (HRIS) are outdated and can no longer be supported by the vendors. Therefore, it is necessary to invest in the implementation of a new system or systems. Before you can begin the request for proposal process from vendors, you have been tasked by the VP of HR to research and identify a short-list of appropriate technologies that would support the types of transactional, traditional, and transformational HR activities currently in place in the organization.InstructionsIn order to prepare the requested short-list for the VP of HR, research one specific technology application and prepare an executive summary advising organizational leadership how this technology could be leveraged to improve effectiveness in traditional and transformational HR activities. The executive summary should include:An overview of the vendor company (e.g. reputation, major clients, time in business, etc.)Which HR traditional activities must be built into the functionality of the applicationWhich transformational HR activities must be built into the functionality of the applicationHow the technology application can provide data and reporting on the activities you have specified and to whom (e.g. internal customers) this data can be accessibleResourcesArticle databases:Business Source Complete via EBSCOBusiness via ProQuestASP: Human Resource Management OnlineAPA GuideExecutive Summary SupportRasmussen’s Answers/FAQsGrading RubricFFCBA01234Did not SubmitNo PassCompetenceProficiencyMasteryNot SubmittedUsed unclear verbiage about the overview of the vendor company.Provided the overview of the vendor company, no examples provided.Provided the overview of the vendor company using some examples.Clearly and strongly provided the overview of the vendor company using clear examples in a well-defined synopsis of the executive summary.Not SubmittedUsed unclear verbiage about which HR transactional activities must be built into the functionality of the application.Provided which HR transactional activities must be built into the functionality of the application, no examples provided.Provided which HR transactional activities must be built into the functionality of the application using some examples.Clearly and strongly provided which HR transactional activities must be built into the functionality of the application using clear examples in a well-defined synopsis of the executive summary.Not SubmittedUsed unclear verbiage about which transformational HR activities must be built into the functionality of the application.Provided which transformational HR activities must be built into the functionality of the application, no examples provided.Provided which transformational HR activities must be built into the functionality of the application using some examples.Clearly and strongly provided which transformational HR activities must be built into the functionality of the application using clear examples in a well-defined synopsis of the executive summary.Not SubmittedUsed unclear verbiage about how the technology application can provide data and reporting on the activities you have specified and to whom these data can be accessible.Provided how the technology application can provide data and reporting on the activities you have specified and to whom these data can be accessible, no examples provided.Provided how the technology application can provide data and reporting on the activities you have specified and to whom these data can be accessible using some examples.Clearly and strongly provided how the technology application can provide data and reporting on the activities you have specified and to whom these data can be accessible using clear examples in a well-defined synopsis of the executive summary.
Rasmussen College Leveraging Technology for HRM Strategy Discussion

Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night | Analysis

William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night, is a rich comedy delving into the innate human desire for love. Shakespeare uses these characters merely as vessels for a larger insight into society as a whole. No person wants what they can truly have, but rather, what they cannot. Shakespeare conveys a cryptic portrayal of romance where his characters are masochists and shows how love can blind and act so impulsively to satisfy an innate need. By ending of the play with three weddings Shakes pear sends the comments that love has no boundaries. When the reader is first introduced to Duke Orinso, he is accounting the first time he laid eyes upon the lady Olivia. Through the use of language, the Duke speaks of a love that he wishes he could be full of and die away, “If music be the food of love, play on Give me excess of it, that, surfeiting The appetite may sicken, and so die” (Act I, I, 1-3). The Dukes case seems to be self indulgent, and gains enjoyment from being overdramatic. From the on set of the play, he gives off the impression that he knows he will never obtain the love of Olivia, but he enjoys wallowing in self pity, and encouraging others to be sympathetic to his situation as well. In a separate speech, the Duke refers to his desires for Olivia as “my desires, like fell and cruel hounds, E’er since pursue me (Act I, I, 20-24). It seems as though love or romance for him is a game, rather than an emotion to be taken seriously. Throughout the rest of the play, his pursuance of Olivia never ceases, and at one point the even threatens to kill his own servant Cesario because of Olivia’s mistaken thinking that Cesario was the man she had just married. With that threat from the Duke, this comedy could have potentially been turned to tragedy. The Duke never once elaborates on the finer feelings for Olivia, he merely pines over her in a superficial way, and had Olivia given in to his persistence, the Duke would have gained a trophy wife, just someone pretty to look at. Only when Cesario revels himself as a woman, Viola, does the Duke show the capacity to love someone he has had a deeper relationship with than just looks. With this ends his masochistic ways of loving someone who will never love him back, but it says nothing for the sometimes transparent emotions the Duke has. Another character that falls deeply into a self satisfying love affair is Countess Olivia. Olivia is blinded by love she and ignores the evidence that points to Cesario as actually not being whom he says he is, and over looks the possibility that Cesario might be a female despite his lack of masculine features. Olivia justifies his feminine features as a eunuch and is will to fall in love with Cesario. Olivia decision to fall in love with a eunuch despite knowing she won’t be able to have children enforces shows how that she is willing to cross the boundaries of society for true love. She describes love as something that comes upon her unexpectedly and out of nowhere, “Not too fast; soft, soft unless the masters were the man. How now? Even so quickly may one catch the plague? (Act I, V .282 -284). Through the next few acts she schemes to obtain the love of Cesario, a measly servant rather than giving her love to the Duke or Sir Andrew to retain the power she has being the woman of the house. It is hard to take the character of Olivia seriously when we first find her in such despair that she doesn’t want to be seen by any man other than her servant Malvolio and her uncle, then in an instant she can turn to giving her love away to a younger, lower class servant that she barely knows. Shakespeare’s creativity of the foil between the sayings “loves is blind” and Sebastian’s mistaken disguise as being Cesario, Olivia disregards Sebastian comments about being a stranger ignoring him and insisting that he is the man she fell in love with “So comes it, lady, you have been mistook But nature to her bias drew in that. You would have been contracted to a maid Nor are you therein, by my life, deceived, You are betroth’d both to a maid and man” Act (V, I, 2460). The feeling of true love is so strong with in Olivia that she is will to accept a complete stranger to fill him that gap that true love meant. When Viola raveled herself, the reaction of Olivia is very calm for she has married the disguise that she has fallen in love with. Olivia crosses the boundary of basic society values of getting to know some one before marry that person. In the end of the play, both Olivia and Orinso end up happy, but this is mainly because they marry the man and woman versions of the same person. Viola who was only trying to find refuge from a shipwrecked, disguises herself as a young boy. Viola is left alone and must look to her own resourcefulness to secure her safety. “Conceal me what I am, and be my aid/ for such disguise as haply shall become/ the form of my intent. I’ll serve this duke” (Act I, II, 49-51). Viola’s disguise soon turns into a dilemma, while falling in love with Orsino; she innocently becomes the object of affection of Olivia, the woman she is suppose to help fall in love with Orsino. Orsino looks past the disguise of Cesario and falls in love with Viola regardless of her depictions. When Orsino learns that Cesario is really Viola his actions are surprising. Orsino gives no second thought to the fact that he has fallen in love with a woman while she was disguised as a man. Viola crosses the boundary deception in taking on a disguise to make the Duke fall in love with her. Maria and Sir Toby’s wedding at the end of the play was very surprising. Sir Toby who is a drunk and has a bit of noble blood falls in love With Olivia’s maid Maria. Sir Toby love for Maria is not because she is beautiful or very attractive but because of her cleverness in handling the hoax on Malvolio “I could marry this wench for this device.” Act (II, IV, 1208). Sir Toby is willing to cross to boundary of social class by marring Maria who happens to be beneath him in society. In conclusion in Twelfth Night Shakespeare’s commentary on love and romance is that most times it is transparent, that people have their own agendas for their feelings, whether it be beauty, power, or social advancement. None of these characters actually had the true feeling of love, but all were melodramatic and flailed around like they had found the loves of their lives, their missing half.

What is the difference between risk tolerance vs risk appetite?

What is the difference between risk tolerance vs risk appetite?. Help me study for my Computer Science class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

An information technology (IT) security policy framework is the foundation of an organization’s information security program. Organizations use these documents to build process, determine acceptable technologies, and lay the foundation for enforcement. The security policy framework documents and their implementation express management’s view of the importance of information security.
1. What business factor(s) do YOU think should be considered when building an organizational IT security policy framework? Why?
2. What is the difference between risk tolerance vs risk appetite?
What is the difference between risk tolerance vs risk appetite?