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Educational Policy Changes: Technology in Education Essay

Table of Contents Executive Summary Introduction Identifying Policy Issue Context Analysis Literature Review on Educational Technology Issue Goal Statement Policy Alternatives and Recommendations Implementation Plan Outline References Executive Summary Teachers are required to use innovative technology in their lessons to increase student engagement and familiarise them with various technical devices and applications. While the policy was created as a response to the increased use of technology in people’s everyday lives, the aspect lacks empirical research and evaluation. Additionally, a distinct problem emerges in regard to teacher’s readiness to apply this policy in practice. This aspect creates a misunderstanding between school personnel and policymakers, including district administration and the principal. Thus, the specific issue that requires a change within this policy is the provision of onsite training and support for educators that would allow them to learn various ways in which they can use technology in their work and enhance confidence. It is because in the observed educational establishment most staff members do not feel confident in integrating these approaches. The root of the issue is the lack of instructions, guidelines, and courses that can help educators understand. To change the existing conditions teachers should have access to educational materials such as presentations and training manuals. Additionally, onsite support facilitated by a technology expert can help resolve issues and provide additional help to educators. Training sessions and online webinars can present the required skills to teachers and help them prepare lesson plans with innovative technology integration. An extensive analysis of the research and initiatives that were conducted in various educational settings and help formulate a change initiative for this policy is required to improve the strategy in question. Several factors have to be considered, such as that teachers need additional time to prepare for lessons that use innovative technology. Additionally, those educators that were engaged in specific programs, such as training sessions and seminars, tailored to improve understanding of technology may have more confidence using technology. Thus, schools have to ensure that that can provide support to teachers. Help form administration is required throughout the process of educating personnel and preparing instructions for them. The goal of the policy change is to ensure that schools can adequately apply innovative technology, including devices and applications to engage students in the learning process and provide them with skills necessary to use this technology in the future. Teachers should be confident in their ability to accurately present the emerging technology and have enough practical knowledge to incorporate it into the lessons. This will be facilitated through a training program in the form of online education or seminars and by establishing on-site support for addressing immediate issues. Introduction Educational policies are the primary guidelines that teachers use in their daily practices. These policies are crucial because they identify the means by which children or adults receive knowledge. However, in some cases, the procedures are complicated or are not easy to carry out. Teachers may experience difficulties and additional pressure from a school’s administration, while not receiving the required support. Therefore, the identified policy issue is the requirement for applying emerging technology without proper policies for personnel training. This paper aims to examine the problem of emerging technology usage in education. Identifying Policy Issue Policy analysis is a useful tool one may apply to research a particular strategy and determine its effectiveness. According to Alexander (2013), the process “begins with a recognition that a fundamental condition needs to be changed” (p. 43). It is evident that educational institutions in their practice should apply innovation in technology. With various changes and evolution that is happening in the technology industry, it can be argued that the ways in which people perceive information will remain the same; however, the tools used for gaining new knowledge will change (Quora, 2018). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, the establishment has to recognize such need, which is reflected in the requirement for applying emerging technology solutions in classrooms. According to Rotolo, Hicks, and Martin (2015), innovational or emerging technology can be defined as something radically novel, with a great impact on society, and is connected to uncertainty. Any new device that is currently being developed by engineers can be considered part of the “emerging technology” category. For the most part, the devices that are used in schools are created to enhance the communication and learning process, for instance, Ipads, smartphones, laptops, and others. Improving it and changing the existing practices of education is needed to ensure that teachers can be up to date with the current trends. Alexander (2013) states that for a policy to be an issue there needs to be a condition that requires changing. In the case of emerging technology usage, such component is staff training provided by a school’s administration or district authorities. Lack of such preparation results in the inability to adequately apply various instruments. Additionally, according to Alexander (2013), this aspect should be supported by empirical data. In this case, information was obtained by observing personnel of a school and assessing their response to the policy. Specific evidence that substantiates the importance of changing the existing policies were gathered by observing teachers’ behavior in a particular school. From the conversations with the staff members and an assessment of their opinion, it became evident that they are not prepared to implement emerging technology in their daily practice. While they understand and support the initiative, lack of proper training and instructions implies that most teachers are unprepared and do not feel confident with emerging technology. This is true not only for the educational establishment in question, as Sentence and Csizmadia (2017) state that the inclusion of computers implies a change in a teacher’s practice due to a need for altering both subject knowledge and pedagogical methods. It should be noted that this presents both intrinsic and extrinsic challenges to educators because the policy requires adequate resources, instructions for practical implementation, and professional knowledge (Sentence
Development of the Underclass in the 1990s. Critically evaluate the research evidence in support of the contention that Britain developed an “underclass in the 1990s? What are the main differences between the use of underclass and the concept of social exclusion and why is the distinction important? Introduction The idea that society was stratified and inhabited by different classes of people dates back to the thought of Karl Marx. Marx saw capitalist society as exploitative and oppressive. Marx maintained that the conflicts between those who rule and those who are ruled, would eventually lead to changes in the economic system of a society (Marsh, I et al.2000). According to Marx the blame for class exploitation does not lie with individual capitalists but is inherent in capitalist systems . Conflict and tension are also evident in capitalist systems. These are especially evident between between different groups of wage earners and between the ruling classes these would intensify due to a number of developments, namely polarisation, homogenisation, and pauperisation (Marsh, I et al.2000). Polarisation, Marx believed, would occur as a result of increasing tension and hostility between the ruling class and the working class, within the groups individuals would become more like each other resulting in homogenisation, capitalists in their desire for expansion and workers in their reliance on work in factories rather than on traditional skills. The success of capitalism meant that wages need to be kept down and the gap widened between employers and workers. In this way workers are made poorer, or become unemployed and are pauperised. Marx believed that this would result in social revolution and the setting up of a new social system (Marsh, I et al.2000). This did not happen and such pauperization, it might be argued became the basis for what Charles Murray (1990) has termed the development of an underclass. This paper will evaluate evidence to assess whether and in what ways an underclass may be said to have developed in Britain during the 1990s. It will also look at the main differences between the concept of an underclass and the concept of social exclusion and why this distinction is important. Charles Murray and the Underclass Charles Murray is an American and his theory of the underclass was originally developed in over there. He saw an increase in violent crime, a rise in the number of illegitimate births and people dropping out from the labour force, it was on this basis that he formed his theory of a developing underclass. He then attempted to apply this theory to the UK where he observed similar phenomenon taking place. Some of his views led to heated debates, particularly with regard to single mothers, during the Thatcher and Major governments and under New Labour. Unlike America, Britain is more of a welfare state, or was at the time, and he believed that the over provision of welfare services encouraged welfare dependency and a decreasing desire to work for a living (Murray, 1989). Greater welfare provision, he argued encouraged young girls to have children out of wedlock because they no longer had to rely on a man to support them and their child. The culture of dependency that Murray identified, did, he argued, have a generational aspect. Young males growing up without proper role models ran wild and fathered illegitimate children themselves thus continuing a dependency culture. Debates in England His arguments were welcomed by the then Conservative Government who had already vowed to roll back the welfare state. Claiming themselves to be the party of the family (Giddens, 2001) they agreed with Murray that those who did not work should not have children. Those who did have children out of wedlock and could not support them should have their benefits stopped and be forced to give their children up for adoption. Throughout the 1990s this view was espoused by a number of British politicians who aired their views on television debating shows. Although this did not happen, successive Governments have tightened their hold on benefits purse strings and made life much harder for those who have to live on welfare benefits. This had further repercussions in policy making in the UK. The Housing Act of 1996 was seen by many as a result of these debates and deleted some groups from local authority housing lists those people e.g. single mothers, who had been a priority when it came to local authority housing allocation, thus reducing the responsibility towards the homeless for local authorities. It also brought in the Single Persons Homeless Register, thus reducing responsibility for those who would have been seen as in priority need (Bramley et al, 2005). During this time increased unemployment left large numbers dependent on benefits. The number of those who are long-term unemployed also rose. Social changes and successive government policies has widened the gap between rich and poor. Field (1996) has argued that the actions of the Conservative Government in targeting benefits through means testing, actually increased welfare dependency and put people into an inescapable poverty trap. Field further maintains that these policies were a major factor in the development of an underclass in Britain. However, in Field’s view the blame rests squarely on the shoulders of the Thatcher and Major governments. The Underclass and Ethnicity Some of Murray’s views might be considered racist, in that he claims that black people are less intelligent than whites and black women are more likely to have illegitimate children and live on benefits. Giddens supports Murray’s ideas of an underclass and (albeit for market reasons rather than the reasons given by Murray) also argues that a dual labour market is in operation and as a result of discrimination the underclass contains a high proportion of people from ethnic minorities. Much of what he has to say pre-empts Murray’s work as it was written in 1973. Where ethnic differences serves as a disqualifying market capacity, such that those in the category are heavily concentrated in the lowest paid occupations, or are chronically unemployed or self-employed, we may speak of the existence of and underclass (Giddens, 1973:112). Gaillie (1994) has questioned the arguments of Murray and Giddens. He disputes the idea that the underclass develops a specific culture and maintains that there is little evidence to support the existence of a dual labour market. He does however, acknowledge that the position of many people in the labour market has been weakened to the point where they are working for slave wages. While this does tend to support the existence of an underclass, Gaillie refutes the notion that such groups are forming either a class or a culture. Murray’s Later Work Writing in 1999 Murray observed that unemployment among young males was much higher than ten years earlier. He disputes the findings of others when he maintains that there was no evidence to suggest that this was the result of a shrinking market. He cites a rise in crime rates, particularly violent crime as further evidence that an underclass sin Britain is developing in the same way as in America. These figures are however disputed by other theorists who would argue that although the crime rate is high it has been on a downturn. He also refers again to the number of single parent families, but figures in Britain evidence that the majority of single parent families are that way as a result of divorce or the death of a partner, rather than the never married single mother. Some of what Murray has to say takes little account of other social problems that may contribute to people living on the margins of society. Some of the groups that Murray refers to might be said to be socially excluded, but this is not the same thing as an underclass. Social Exclusion Social exclusion is a term used in a variety of ways but is generally seen to refer to those people who for one reason or another are not fully included in the social life of a community. The reasons for social exclusion are connected, and are poverty, unemployment, and a lack of education. These are not only reasons however, where a person lives, their ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disabilities are also reasons why they might be regarded as excluded. Government recognises that they cannot tackle social exclusion unless they adopt an approach that deals with all these issues together (ODPM, 2004). However, much Government discourse tends to make little distinction between the socially excluded and an underclass because many of its documents refer to single parent families, anti-social behaviour and youth crime. This is wrong because people can be socially excluded without being part of a sub-culture or underclass, if such a thing exists. Social exclusion is a process that stops people from fully participating in society (Giddens, 2001) whereas the concept of an underclass implies that some people choose to opt out of society. Conclusion Although there are times where Murray presents a convincing argument, it is not convincing enough to be able to say that there really is an underclass in Britain. Too many different forces could account for the increase in the number of people on benefits, not least a shrinking labour market which Murray refuses to acknowledge, even though many theorist will agree that this is a global phenomenon. Some points that he makes could place people in the category of socially excluded, but as this paper has attempted to establish that is not the same thing as being a member of an underclass. It is certainly the case that some groups of people are a lot less fortunate than others. Many single parents are forced to rely on benefits because if they go to work they will be even worse off. The costs of childcare are astronomical. In conclusion I would say that the evidence does not support Murray’s theory of an underclass. It does tend to suggest that we live in a society where the gap between rich and poor gets wider every day. This in turn means that people are excluded from full social participation e.g. many parents cannot afford for their children to go on school trips. People who live in poorer areas go to the worst schools and so exclusion becomes a vicious circle, but that is not the same thing as saying an underclass is developing in Britain. Bibliography Bramley et al, 2005 Evaluation of English Housing Policy 1975-2002 Field, F. 1996. Stakeholder Welfare. London, IEA Gaillie, D 1994 “ Are the unemployed and underclass? Some evidence from the social change and economic life initiative” Sociology 28, 3 pp737-757 Giddens A 1973 The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies London, Hutchinson Giddens A 2001 Sociology 4th ed Cambridge Polity Murray, C 1989 Underclass Sunday Times Magazine I 26th November Murray, C 2000 Underclass 10 Charles Murray and the British Underclass 1990-2000 London, Civitas in association with The Sunday Times ODPM, 2004. Theme 1: Supply, Need and Access London ODPM Walsh, I ed. 2000 Sociology: Making Sense of Society. Edinburgh, Prentice Hall. Development of the Underclass in the 1990s

Clinical Management Plan for Patient Betty Burns Discussion

Clinical Management Plan for Patient Betty Burns Discussion.

Betty Burns is a 46-year-old female here for her yearly physical. She has no specific problems.
Allergies:Seasonal hay fever
Other active problems:Hypertension – well controlled on HydrochlorothiazideAsthma – no recent exacerbations.Seasonal allergies – controlledMedications
Fluticasone (Flonase) – one spray each nostril Q AM as needed for seasonal allergies
fluticasone/salmeterol 250/50 – one puff BID for asthma
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) – 25 mg PO daily for hypertension
Family Hx
Mother – breast cancer age 55, alive and wellFather – medical history unknownSisters – noneBrothers – both alive and healthyGrandparents – deceased unknown causes
Social Hx
Tobacco – none; second hand smoke exposure minimalAlcohol – social (once to twice monthly)Recreational drugs – none
Eating/Exercise: eats most meals at home, fast food only once per week, walks 1-2 times per week for exerciseWhat is the management plan for this patient?
Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources.
Clinical Management Plan for Patient Betty Burns Discussion

Southwest Bank Scenario

essay writer free Southwest Bank Scenario.

Assume you are a new Marketing Data Analyst at the bank. You have been given the last year’s most recent data that describe whether customers are using online banking. Fortunately, you have just taken a class in Marketing Data Analytics. Your boss says that you can use all of the information from that class in answering the questions for this assignment.To analyze these questions, use the Southwest Bank dataset. In this scenario, Southwest Bank has made a significant investment in online banking and is trying to decide if streamlining operations have had an impact on profitability. As a consequence of its investment, the Bank is also trying to decide which customers are most profitable and how to target them. It wonders about the role of demographics in determining its most profitable customers.Submit in Word format in 12 point type. Copy and paste SPSS output into the final document. Please answer the Southwest bank Final Case questions for this assignment, be sure to support your answers with data from the case.Label each question by question number.No length limitation.You are expected to use APA style citation and references.
Southwest Bank Scenario

Hebrews 12:1-2 Essay

This paper needs to began with the rough draft that has been provided…. Here is the ouline that MUST be followed: I. Introduction- Identify the passage you are interpreting, and tell the reader what to expect in the paper that follows. That is, without stating that you are giving an outline, give the outline of the paper, and what the conclusion will be. I find that writing the Introduction is easier after I have written the Conclusion. Tell the reader the primary version or translation of the passage used. II. Situate the passage within the Letter to the Hebrews. Give the context- what comes before and what comes after. What are some key themes in the Letter that are highlighted in the passage. III. The Study (this is the largest section of your paper). Work through verse by verse to tell the reader significant insights from the passage. This may include word meanings and work studies. It may be the larger literary structure. There may be echoes of Old Testament concepts or passages. There may be larger theological themes that are accentuated, and maybe even unique to the Letter to the Hebrews. IV. Contemporary Application- how does what the passage meant to its audience speak to us today as people of faith. V. Conclusion- you may not have anything new to offer here, but at the very least, restate what your study has revealed. The paper should be typed 12 point font, Times New Roman, doubled space (singled spaced for lengthy quotations). Follow APA style guide with these EXCEPTIONS: follow the SBL guide for use of Scripture references, commentaries, and ancient language. Follow the SBL guide for the use of footnotes instead of in-text citations….. Here are the resources that needs to be used: At least 3 Jobes, Karen, Letters to the church Wright, Tom (N.T.), Hebrews for Everyone (WJK, 2003). Long, Thomas G., “Hebrews,” Interpretation (JK, 1997) DeSilva, David, Perseverance in Gratitude: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary on the Epistle “to the Hebrews” (Eerdmans, 2000) Johnson, Luke Timothy, “Hebrews,” New Testament Library (WJK, 2006) Enclosed in files are more specific instructions.

Sociology homework help

Sociology homework help. Choose one (1) of the two (2) reading selections from the list of topic choices below. The focus is on brief but important primary source material written by major authors.Read the selections as identified with each topic below. Write a three to four (3-4) paragraph essay (250 words minimum) which analyzes the ?surprise ending? of the reading selection.Topic ChoicesReading selection from Descartes? Discourse on the Method (Part IV). Descartes begins with a proof of one basic conclusion and ends with a proof of something much grander. Remember to focus on the surprise and point of realization, not the details of the philosophical argument. Read Part IV of the Discourse on the Method located atÿhttp://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/descar…ÿ(then scroll down to Part 4, pp. 14-18). This is only four or five (4 or 5) pages of the larger work.Reading selection of Swift?s A Modest Proposal. It is essential to recognize the genre of this work, as discussed in our class text, which you should consult and cite. Swift promotes a radical solution, but subtle options are mentioned. You are looking for surprise and a point of realization. Read and focus on A Modest Proposal located atÿhttp://www.victorianweb.org/previctorian/swift/mod….ÿFor the reading selection you choose:Clearly state in your own words the ?surprise ending? in the reading you selected. Clearly identify the point in the reading when you realized that there were elements in the reading that surprised you. Not all of the surprises come at the end.Evaluate how successful the author was in convincing you to accept the validity of the ?surprise ending? that was different from what you expected.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. (Note: Students can find APA style materials located in the Additional Resources section of their Student Center within their course shell for reference)Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student?s name, the professor?s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.Use the source(s) identified above for the topic you choose, focusing on the main primary source of that author. You may use additional sources also if they are of good academic quality for college papers (Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify). Use proper APA style in-text citing and also a matching APA style References list at the end.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Explain how key social, cultural, and artistic contributions contribute to historical changes.Explain the importance of situating a society?s cultural and artistic expressions within a historical context.Examine the influences of intellectual, religious, political, and socio-economic forces on social, cultural, and artistic expressions.Identify major historical developments in world cultures from the Renaissance to the contemporary period.Use technology and information resources to research issues in the study of world cultures.Write clearly and concisely about world cultures using proper writing mechanics.Sociology homework help

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