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Economics homework help

Economics homework help. Instructions: The consists of 14 essay questions. Each essay should be approximately 300 words in length and include information taken from the textbook. Any information obtained from outside the textbook must be cited. Essays will be graded on length, informational content, and writing quality.Chapter 1Compare and contrast European values and ways of life with those of the Indians. Consider addressing religion, views about ownership of land, gender relations, and notions of freedom.Compare the different economic and political systems of spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, and France in the age of expansion.Chapter 2Compare and contrast settlement patterns, treatment of Indians, and religion of the Spanish and English in the Americas.In what ways did the economy, government, and household structure differ in New England and the Chesapeake colonies.Chapter 3How did King Philip?s War, Bacon?s Rebellion, and the Salem witch trials illustrate a widespread crisis in British North America in the late seventeenth century?By the end of the seventeenth century, commerce was the foundation of empire and the leading cause of competition between European empires. Explain how the North American colonies were directly linked to Atlantic commerce by laws and trade.Chapter 4How did Great Britain?s position in North America change relative to the other European powers during the first three-quarters of the eighteenth century?Three distinct slave systems were well entrenched in Britain?s mainland colonies. Describe the main characteristics of each system.Chapter 5Discuss the ramifications of using slaves in the British and Continental armies. Why did the British authorize the use of slaves? Why did the Americans? How did the slaves benefit?Why did the colonists reach the conclusion that membership in the empire threatened their freedoms, rather than guaranteed them?Chapter 6For the lower classes, colonial society had been based on inequality, deference, and obedience. How did the American Revolution challenge that social order?How did ideas of political freedom affect people?s ideas about economic rights and relationships?Chapter 7How did the limited central government created by the Articles of Confederation reflect the issues behind the Revolution and fear for individual liberties?The Constitution has been described as a ?bundle of compromises.? Which compromises were the most significant in shaping the direction of the new nation and why?note,note,note,note,noteneed it to be typed with basic wordsfollowing the instructionEconomics homework help
Political: Takes into consideration, what is happening politically in the environment in which you operate, including areas such as tax policy, employment laws, environmental regulations, trade restrictions and reform, tariffs and political stability. Economic: what is happening within the economy, for example; economic growth/ decline, interest rates, exchange rates and inflation rate, wage rates, minimum wage, working hours, unemployment (local and national), credit availability, cost of living etc. Sociological: what is occurring socially in the markets in which you operate or expect to operate, cultural norms and expectations, health consciousness, population growth rate, age distribution, career attitudes, emphasis on safety, global warming. Technological: what is happening technology-wise which can impact what you do, technology is leaping every two years, how will this impact your products or services, things that were not possible five years ago are now mainstream. WHEN TO USE IT? This analytical tool can be used for many different purposes like businesses and strategic planning, organisational change, product development
Immunotherapy treatment for an autoimmune disease (Type 1 diabetes) caused by genetics and exposure to viruses and other environmental factors Introduction Type 1 diabetes (T1D) or otherwise known as insulin-dependent diabetes is an autoimmune disease, where the body attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells in your body, caused by genetics, exposure to viruses and environmental factors, this leads to the body not being able to store and release enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas which lowers the amount of sugar in the bloodstream. When the blood glucose levels drop, the secretion of insulin from the pancreas also reduces. Glucose comes from the food we eat and also from the liver. It is absorbed into the bloodstream, and enters the cells through the help of insulin. However, in type 1 diabetes, there is no insulin to help glucose to enter the cells, therefore glucose builds up in the bloodstream damaging the blood vessels and other vital organs over a period of time. Signs and Symptoms Symptoms occur, as there is too much glucose in the blood and it cannot be used as fuel for energy. The symptoms of T1D can be recognised in children much faster than adults. When a person has T1D, they can develop diabetic neuropathy (is nerve damage especially the ones in the legs and fee, symptoms such as numbness. Sharp pains or cramps and muscle weakness), diabetic nephropathy (is a serious kidney-related complication, causing symptoms and signs such as appetite loss, fatigue, high blood pressure and frequent urination) and diabetic retinopathy (damage to the retina. Causing symptoms such as blurring vision, floaters). When excess glucose builds up in the blood, the kidneys filter and absorb the excess glucose. However, if the kidneys cannot keep up with the process, glucose is excreted into the urine. This causes symptoms such as frequent urination, thirst and fatigue. As the body can’t use glucose due to lack of insulin, it use fat for energy, causing weight loss. High levels of blood glucose can pull fluid from the tissues, including the lenses of the eyes. This affects the ability to focus, creating symptoms such as blurred vision. If the symptoms of T1D is left untreated, it can lead to signs such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), stroke, atherosclerosis, (mention diabetic neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy if the word limits are high) Diagnosis Glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test can be used to diagnose type 1 diabetes. The A1C test indicates the average blood sugar levels for the past 2-3 months. It measures the percentage of blood glucose that is attached to the red blood cells (haemoglobin). If the test gives 6.5 % or higher this means that the blood glucose levels are high, meaning that there are more glucose attached to haemoglobin. This indicates that the person has diabetes. However, if A1C test is not available or the person has a condition (pregnancy or haemoglobin variant) which makes the test imprecise, there are other tests which are done. Random blood sugar test, this is where a blood sample will be taken during random times. If the blood glucose level is 200mg/dL or higher and the person is showing symptoms such as frequent urination and thirst this confirms that the patient has diabetes. Fasting blood sugar test, is when a blood sample is taken after an overnight fast. If the fasting blood glucose level is between 100 – 125mg/dL this is known as prediabetes. However, if the values are over 126mg/dL then this confirms that the person has diabetes. If the patient is diagnosed with diabetes, then the doctor may run a few blood tests to test for autoantibodies which is common in type 1 diabetes. The doctor may also use a urine test stick, which tests for ketones. The presence of ketones in the urine can also suggest that the patient has type 1 diabetes. Pathogenesis (Immune Mechanisms) The factors that lead to Type 1 diabetes are genetics, exposure to viruses and other environmental factors. T1D is inherited therefore the autoimmune reaction may be genetic, if a patient has a family member/ close relative who have T1D then there is a high chance that the patient will get T1D than those without T1D relatives. T1D can develop in people with Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) complex. HLA complex helps the immune system to differentiate the body’s own protein from the proteins which are made by the foreign invaders (bacteria and viruses). There are different HLA complex’s which are linked with T1D, and all of them are on chromosome 6. When a virus invades the body, T cells produce antibodies to fight the infection. However, if the virus has some antigens same as the beta cells (cells which produce insulin in the pancreas) then the antibodies can destroy the body’s beta cells thinking it is a foreigner. When all the beta cells are destroyed, it leads to the body not being able to produce enough insulin. It takes a very long time for the T cells to destroy beta cells, but the initial viral infection is what caused T1D to develop. This doesn’t mean that all viral infections make T cells turn against beta cells, the virus needs to have specific antigens similar to the ones in the body’s beta cells. And some of the viruses are; B4 strain of the coxsackie B virus, german measles, mumps, rotavirus. Other environmental factors could include the gut microbiota, being overweight, environmental chemicals, vitamin D deficiency and diet/ nutrition (including cow’s milk or gluten). Type 1 diabetes is the product from the destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells by T cells of the immune system. Both CD4 and CD8 T cells are needed for disease development, by destroying the insulin-producing β cells through the effector functions of Th1 cells and direct killing by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). CD4 T cells (helper cells) are white blood cells which plays an important role in the immune system. The CD4 cell count can indicate the health of the immune system, this means that the healthier the immune system the better the body’s natural defence system against pathogens, infections and illnesses. CD4 T cells recognise peptides which are presented on the MHC class II molecules, located on the antigen presenting cells (APCs). Th1-polarised cells are responsible for the control of intracellular pathogens. The important cytokines IL-12 and IFN-y are involved in TH1 responses and T-bet and STAT-4 are needed for cell differentiation and function for Th1. CD8 T cells (killer cells) are important for the immune defence against intracellular pathogens, including viruses and bacteria. It is activated when it recognises its antigen, and it has three major mechanisms to kill the infected cells. First cytokines (TNF- and IFN-y) is secreted, which have anti-tumour and anti-viral microbial effects. Secondly the production and release of cytotoxic granules, which are found in the NK cells. These granules are released only in the direction of the target cell aligned along the immune response. This is so that it eludes non-specific bystander damage to the healthy tissues around it. CD8 T cells are able to release granules to kill an infected cell and then move onto a new target and kill the cell. Lastly CD8 T cell destruction of infected cells is via Fas/FasL interactions. Activated CD8 T cells express FasL onto the surface of the cell, which then binds to the receptor Fas on the target cell’s surface. This binding causes the Fas molecules to trimerise, this attracts other signalling molecules. This causes caspase cascade to activate, and also results in apoptosis of the target cell. CD8 T cells can express both Fas/FasL interaction are a mechanism in which CD8 T cells can kill each other, this is called fratricide, to remove the immune effector cells throughout the contraction phase towards the end of the immune response. Treatment The immunotherapy treatments for type 1 diabetes are; Vitamin D, Antigen-specific therapy, Oral insulin, Anti-T-Lymphocyte Globulin, TNF and BCG Taking Vitamin D supplements regularly in early childhood reduces the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, even in later lifetime. Antigen-specific therapy is used to prevent T1D from developing. The therapy is based on the theory that managing the diabetes autoantigen will be able to control the autoimmune responses by changing the immune system to be a protective rather than destructive response. The antigens which are used is very specific to T1D therefore this treatment is relatively safe. Administer insulin orally is taken in in a pill form There are so many different immunotherapy ways to treat T1D. Administer insulin orally, in a pill form, it disrupts the development of the disease and the immune system is less likely to react aggressively towards it. However, insulin rapidly weakens when it is exposed to gastric acid or digestive enzymes. Tumour necrosis factor ( TNF) could have an impact on the immune system targeting the β cells. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is when the body produces higher levels of Tumor necrosis factor. TNF could have an impact on the immune system targeting beta cells. Beta cell fragments is less of an inflammatory response from the immune system. Patients with less severe inflammatory responses tended to develop type 1 diabetes much slower than those with regular inflammation. References: Bennington-Castro (2018). Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms and Diagnosis. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Dec. 2018]. Burrack, A., Martinov, T. and Fife, B. (2017). T Cell-Mediated Beta Cell Destruction: Autoimmunity and Alloimmunity in the Context of Type 1 Diabetes. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 8. DOI:10.3389/fendo.2017.00343 Daphne E. Smith-Marsh PharmD, C. (2018). Type 1 Diabetes Causes. [online] EndocrineWeb. Available at: [Accessed 7 Dec. 2018]. Diabetes UK. (2018). What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes?. [online] Available at: [Accessed 1 Dec. 2018]. (2018). Autoimmunity:: Diabetes Education Online. [online] Available at: [Accessed 21 Nov. 2018]. (2018). CD8 T Cells | British Society for Immunology. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Dec. 2018]. Mayo Clinic. (2018). Type 1 diabetes – Symptoms and causes. [online] Available at: [Accessed 1 Dec. 2018]. Smith, E. and Peakman, M. (2018). Peptide Immunotherapy for Type 1 Diabetes—Clinical Advances. Frontiers in Immunology, 9. DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.00392 Wållberg, M. and Cooke, A. (2013). Immune mechanisms in type 1 diabetes. Trends in Immunology, 34(12), pp.583-591.DOI: 10.1016/ (2018). How to Control Diabetic Neuropathy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Dec. 2018]. (2018). How to Help Prevent Kidney Disease When You Have Diabetes. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Dec. 2018]. (2018). Understanding Diabetic Retinopathy. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Dec. 2018].

Augusta State University Spanish Grammar Assignment

Augusta State University Spanish Grammar Assignment.

Be sure to number each of your answers.Submit your assignment as a word DOC or DOCX file.Part 1: Write a comparison.Write an equal or unequal comparison based upon the information given. This assignment is not computer graded; your instructor will grade these. Be sure to use complete sentences, proper vocabulary, and correct grammar.La película es interesante. El libro es más interesante. (You write: The book is more interesting than the movie)El pollo es delicioso. El bistec es también delicioso. (You write: Chicken is as delicious as steak)El Japonés es difícil. El Español es menos díficil.Las motocicletas son caras. Los carros son más caros.Part 2: Negative responsesAnswer the following questions NEGATIVELY. Be sure to use the rules of negatives sentences correctly. *These are not personal questions. Use a different negative word from this lesson in each answer.¿Siempre despegan los aviones a tiempo?¿Tienes algunas bicicletas?¿Quién hizo la reservación?¿Prefieres alojarte en un hotel o en un albergue?Part 3: TranslationTranslate the following sentences. Be careful when deciding if you need present indicative or present subjunctive.I am going to pack my suitcase before we leave.It is very important that you put on your seatbelt.There is no doubt that we will miss the flight.I doubt we will go on vacation.Is there someone in this class that has a passport?There is no one in this class that has a passport.
Augusta State University Spanish Grammar Assignment

NIST Cloud Security Management publications, computer science homework help

essay writing help NIST Cloud Security Management publications, computer science homework help.

The references below provide an overview of both ITIL and ISO standards and how they might be applied to cloud security management. What they do not discuss is how the NIST proposed standards fit into this discussion. Your task this week is to create an overview of the NIST Cloud Security Management publications, how they relate to ITIL and ISO, and how they can be used in an organization. One place to start is on the NIST Workshop site linked above and the “Presentation on Effectively and Securely Using the Cloud Computing Paradigm v26”.
the assignment should be in a Word compatible document with proper attention to spelling, punctuation, and grammar. All references and citations must be in APA formatit should have 3 references and no plagarismit should have 4 pages
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CSA, Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing V3.0
NIST – Cloud Computing

NIST – Cloud Computing Workshop
NIST SP 800-145, The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing
NIST SP 800-146, Cloud Computing Synopsis and Recommendations
USG Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap, Volume I (NIST SP 500-293)

Combining ITIL, COBIT and ISO/IEC 27002 for structuring comprehensive information technology for management in organizations,Maico Gehrmann, retrieved from
ISACA, Aligning CobiT®4.1, ITIL®V3 and ISO/IEC 27002 for Business Benefit,
NIST Cloud Security Management publications, computer science homework help

Domestic Violence and Social Initiatives in Solving the Problem Research Paper

The reality of domestic violence in most homes is that many men and some women often show intolerance against those who face this issue. The main questions are always the same. Why victims of domestic violence do not just go away? If the problem of domestic violence is a social problem, why is not it solved up to now? The problem of domestic violence was raised many yeas ago. Nowadays, this problem is considered as one of the most urgent ones, still it has not been decided yet. There are a lot of possible reasons which may be the main reasons for presence of violence. Today, in the debate surrounding domestic violence, it is believed that society concedes that mental state of many victims of domestic violence has often been psychologically changed or culturally habituated, so they cannot escape the abusive relationship without outside assistance. In this action, victims of domestic violence do not display rational or reasoned behavior because of a myriad of extraordinary complicated circumstances. Their mental state has often been psychologically tainted by an experience that often can leave them intellectually incompetent of making rational decisions regarding the situation they have occurred in. The understandable belief is that through most of human history, men have been in charge of making the family decisions. In the modern society, each of the cohabiting spouses, because of current social changes, wants to dominate the decision-making process. Conflicts and violence can occur as there is no process in place that regulates family life. The ethical principles of fairness and equality arise from a mutual human respect for the extent in which we can all act with an awareness of our actions and their consequences. Nowadays, many specific actions are made in order assist those who have been abused at home. Ultimately, we must come to understand that the primary obstacle to modern society’s ability to reach an agreement regarding the domestic violence is that too many studies and several critiques about domestic violence basically support measures which are to be taken after the violence has occurred. This frequently presents people with two disconnected and separate notions of the problem. Some people believe domestic violence to be a central concern in the society, while others do not consider it to be a problem at all. Domestic violence is not an issue of gender as it is rather about how social and economic decisions are made within relationships at homes (Ratterman). A person in relationships that has control of the decision-making process will often use threats and/or violence to keep control over the partner. It must be fully apprehended that to ask an individual to stay in a relationship when it becomes too domineering for them is immoral and diminishes the value of their life. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This is not to argue that a man cannot be the victim of domestic violence or that women cannot be the primary assaulters of a domestic violence occurrence. Men can be the victims of domestic violence as well as some women can be the primary assaulters (Ratterman). The reason of one becoming an offender or a victim lies in one’s character as the person who dominates is to be more stubborn or more steadfast (Folstad). Domestic violence is a world problem and there are a lot of initiatives and programs aimed at eliminating the effects and complicated consequences of this issue. There is a phone number where people who have occurred under the affect of domestic violence may call and get a piece of advice. Such phone numbers are aimed at assisting psychologically those who need help. People can get the assistance in further behavior and treating of those who abuse them. People can get the information about the places where they can go. T is very important to know that there are people who can assist you. It is also important to speak to somebody. It is a universal problem that those who are abused, mainly women, do not turn to police. There are many reasons for such decisions, however, these women still need help. Speaking about this problem, those who appear under the affect of a domestic violence do not usually want others to solve the problem, they just want to tell about their problem and to express their ideas about it. Many people who call to such centers do not even need advice they just tell about their problem and disconnect. It is also possible to report about the case of domestic abuse in the neighboring house. Ultimately, in times of fast social change, there are always deceitful machinations to avert or slow societal change. In current society, as a result of the confused emotional change in relationships between men and women, they often emerge to be worried, suspicious, and fearful of each other. Coming to police before the violence is committed results in nothing as police is sure that fear for violence is always a result of emotional instability of a weaker position in family relationships. Thus, some cases left without attention remain just the cases, but the part of such requests for help usually result in further violence. For example, Patty Prickett, the counselor (Catania), was the witness of a situation when a woman who came six months before to police to ask for help was refused and she was killed at the moment. It is impossible to combat the problem dealing with its results. It is important to make sure that the causes of the problem are considered. The absence of the correct social programs at schools and the lack of desire of government and police to pay more attention to the prevention of the problem while it is not too late are the main reasons of the increased number of the cases of domestic violence. We will write a custom Research Paper on Domestic Violence and Social Initiatives in Solving the Problem specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More If the problem was considered before the irreversible effects appeared, it would be easier to reduce the rate of domestic violence in the country (Abner). Looking at the current situation, the most reasonable actions which are to be done are the implementation of the school programs directed at reducing the number of the domestic violence cases and an implementation of an initiative devoted to preventing the causes of domestic violence rather than dealing with the consequences. David A. Wolfe and Peter G. Jaffe are sure that adolescence is a particular time when crucial cognitive and social processes occur in the development of youths. During this time adolescents “learn to think more rationally and become capable of thinking hypothetically” (Wolfe and Jaffe). At this stage of development, adolescents understand the main idea of complex interpersonal relationships with reference to possible risks and consequences of decision making processes. Trying to implement such an initiative, the effectiveness is to be considered along with the specific measures which are to be taken. As for consequences, it must be stated that if people are taught from their youths that domestic violence is something illegal, awful and incorrect, it is possible to reduce the number of the cases of domestic violence in the future. Many people commit such actions just because they are unable to solve problems in another way. The main idea of the initiative is to develop the school lectures which show students the cases of domestic violence and teach them solve problems without applying to violence. Adolescents are to understand that there are a lot of particular situations where emotions may become predominant, however, emotions must never rule people and their decisions. So, the implementation of such initiative will help give students some knowledge about handling relationships, coping with conflicts and preventing domestic violence. The potential victims should also be taught the basic principles of behavior. Domestic violence is a very complicated problem as sometimes the victims of the accident are guilty in the fact that such a case took place. Inappropriate behavior, failure to select necessary words and many other factors may cause unpredictable outcome. The knowledge about the psychological grounds and some useful information may prevent a crime or at least to reduce the consequences. Much attention should be paid to those children whose parents have been involved into domestic violence. Having already been at the side of a victim, such children should be involved in the discussion of a problem to help them overcome the already existing fears (Gemma 113). Another proposed measure in dealing with domestic violence is trying to prevent the act at all. There are several specific measures which may assist police in preventing the domestic violence before it is committed. First of all, it is important to have a list of all the houses where the case may take place. Additionally, police is to react to any sign of possible abuse and take some measures. For example, the requests of aggressive behavior of one member of a family must not be ignored, even though there are no signs of violence of abuse have taken place yet. It is inadmissible to wait until a crime is committed. It is necessary to find the reason (e.g. drunk condition, aggressive behavior, etc.) and to isolate a possible abuser. Additionally, it is essential to make sure that a possible abuser does not think that it is a family member who has taken a police to the place. Not sure if you can write a paper on Domestic Violence and Social Initiatives in Solving the Problem by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A possible criminal is to come though the psychological treatment in order to make sure that he/she looks differently at situation and aggression has been treated. It is important to visit the homes where domestic violence took place once, but the offender was allowed to remain in the family. Such families are to be under special control (Krueger and Labbe 40). Therefore, it should be concluded that there are a lot of measures which are taken in order to reduce the number of the cases of domestic violence, however, not all of these actions are effective as in most cases the measures are take after the crime is committed. It is important to think about the specific actions which may help prevent domestic violence at all. School lectures for students is one of the ideas which is to be implemented. Moreover, attentive following of the homes with possible domestic violence cases is to be conducted as well. The country should be under constant control. Even though much is done in order to reduce the number of cases of domestic abuse, there are a lot of measures which may still be taken. The problem is not going to be solved by means of changing the criminal or civil court systems. The change of this doggedness must start in community involvement through a multi-strategy educational plan. The use of civil preventive orders and compulsory arrest policies by police departments without appropriate criminal approval to alleviate the ills of domestic violence is a deception in which firm realities are inadequate and it is difficult to tell reality from fable. The regrettable fact is that many empty spaces must be filled before proceeding any further and the only way to realize this is by using political smoke and mirrors to change facts. Society must merge empirical studies with psychologically held ideas and become more loyal to the judgment of reasonable problem solving. Society must also become more practical and ask questions about who the people are and what the suitable relationship between men and women should be. The society must understand that success is distinguished by what is put in life and not by gains. It must become the responsibility of the community to identify what the current social positions should be in terms of gender and family. Works Cited Abner, Carrie. “Addressing Abuse.” Print. Catania, Sara. “Domestic Violence: The Counselor.” Print. Folstad, Kim. “Are You Shackled to a Bad Boyfriend?” Print. Gemma, Ellis. “The impact on teachers of supporting children exposed to domestic abuse.” Educational

Walden University Empirical Research and Developmental Theory Paper

Walden University Empirical Research and Developmental Theory Paper.

Assignment: Empirical Research and Developmental TheoryWhat does evidence-based research say about the development of sexual orientation in young and middle adulthood? Though the body of literature addressing sexual orientation, including heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality, is far from complete, the literature continues to grow. Your awareness of this literature helps inform your social work practice as you address the needs of clients with a variety of sexual orientations.For this Assignment, conduct your own research to identify at least one journal article that addresses sexual orientation. Select an article that you find especially relevant to you in your role as a social worker.By Day 7Submit a 2- to 4-page paper that includes the following:A summary of your findings regarding sexual orientation and its impact on life-span development, including findings from the resources and from the journal article(s) you selected during your researchAn explanation of how you might apply your findings to social work practiceSupport your Assignment with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.
Walden University Empirical Research and Developmental Theory Paper

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