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Early Detection Treatment Chronic Disease Health And Social Care Essay

According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2002) definition; chronic diseases are diseases characterized by their permanency and their capacity of leaving residual disability. These diseases are caused by non-reversible pathological alteration and do require special training of the patient for proper rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation or care. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW, 2001) lists twelve chronic diseases that have the greatest repercussions on the Australian health care system. They include coronary heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, depression, diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, oral diseases, arthritis and osteoporosis. Because of the increase of chronic disease cases there is an urgency to stop and reverse the ever rising threats of the ailments, another measure that needs to be embraced is the dismissal of the elongated misunderstandings about these diseases. A conceptual framework provided by the Chronic Care Model (CCM) is therefore useful for understanding the elements considered essential for the management of chronic disease and the interplay between the elements (Zwar, 2009). (wafula, 1999) However, not all of the elements of the Chronic Care Model can be assessed experimentally for their effectiveness or efficiency and this is illustrated by the lack of research evidence to support the role of health care organizations and community resources. Significant of the evidence presented in this critical analysis refers to the management of adults with type 2 diabetes, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and may not be applicable to all chronic diseases. Therefore this paper is going to discuss the issue of chronic disease based on early detection and early treatment of a chronic disease based on the Australian government’s 2005 national chronic disease strategy. The paper will touch on the issues about prevention across the continuum, early detection and early treatment, integration and continuity of prevention and care and self management measures. it will then conclude by showing what needs to be embraced in trying to mitigate this diseases. Prevention across the continuum Significant gains can be made by focusing on the risk factors that underlie chronic disease in a systematic and well-integrated manner. The range of risk factors amenable to intervention can be broadly grouped into two categories, behavioral and social risk factors, and biomedical risk factors (NCDS, 2005). Cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and type 2 diabetes have common and modifiable risk factors, notably high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and obesity/overweight. They are also linked by three related major behavioural risk factors, namely unhealthy diet, physical activity and tobacco use. Psychosocial health can also impact on chronic diseases, including for peoples capacity to maintain healthy lifestyle approaches. Making an early diagnosis is the key to optimizing prognosis. This is as per the National Chronic Disease Strategy which states that: Australia’s health system must be able to respond in an appropriate and cost effective way to this challenge. Failure to prevent, detect and treat chronic disease at an optimal stage in its course impacts on affected individuals and their families and cares in terms of pain and suffering, and on the whole Australian community in productivity losses and high health care costs (National Health Priority Action Council 2006). Early detection and early treatment In Australia Not all chronic diseases are detected as early as possible. It is estimated for example, that only half of the people with Type 2 Diabetes are actually diagnosed and receiving treatment (AIHW, 2004). Furthermore, many chronic diseases are diagnosed at advanced stages of the disease which can compromise overall health outcomes of an individual. According to NCDS (2005) undetected, undiagnosed and untreated chronic disease can reflect, Lack of knowledge or poor health literacy by consumers about the risks and/or symptoms of a chronic disease, lack of recognition and the appropriate follow up response by health care providers to the risk factors for chronic disease and the manifestation or symptoms of disease, and Poor access to, or use of, health care interventions (i.e. both diagnostic and treatment) at the asymptomatic and symptomatic stages. Early detection and early treatment, where appropriate, can offer significant benefits at both an individual and population level and is a critical area in which to identify practical approaches under the NCDS. For instance, Timothy (2009) said that early detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD) followed by appropriate clinical management appears the only means by which the increasing burden on the health-care system and affected individuals will be reduced. Governance structures are required to oversee the continuation of the Strategy and support the change-management required to reshape the health system in Queensland. This is to ensure that the work outlined under the Strategy that occurs within agreed timeframes, ongoing governance arrangements at the federal, state, regional and local levels are required to guide implementation (Queensland Strategy for Chronic Disease 2005-2015). This can be done through local partnership an integrated health service delivery involving the range of health service professionals, agencies and consumers in planning and developing local options. Additionally, with the Australian Government to shape national health policy and funding models for primary health care services, pharmaceutical benefits and aged care services need to be embraced. In the current increasingly fragmented health care systems, older patients suffering from different chronic conditions consume a large range of medicines. The medicines which are given by one or several providers apply evidence-based medicine (EBM) without coordination; this in turn leads to potential adverse drug events (ADE) (Pierre, 2010). Piere (2010) in this context, special attention must be given to better and standardized potentially inappropriate medication (PIM). A prescribing medication is potentially inappropriate if the risk of ADE outweighs the clinical benefit, particularly when a safer or more effective alternative therapy is readily available for the same condition. Most prevalent co-morbidities in the population studied were vascular diseases (cerebrovascular disease 31%, ischaemic heart disease 10%); diabetes mellitus (14%); chronic pulmonary disease (13%); chronic kidney disease (13%), defined as serum creatinine > 150 µmol/l or estimated GFR < 50 ml/min; and congestive heart failure (12%) this is according to Cockcroft and Gault (19). Self-management System (SMS) Self management is a care model where the patient is actively engaged in and takes responsibility their healthcare. This model requires an informed, motivated and skilled patient with very good negotiation and communication skills to see them through the health system in sickness and in health (yes, possibly a bit like a marriage). Fundamentals to self-management are that, people with a chronic disease are able to undertake the health care actions that optimize their well-being. This means facilitating a situation where people have the knowledge, skills and confidence to identify their health needs and take action to address them in the most appropriate way. Importantly, self-management is not the sole responsibility of the person with the chronic disease. It is the role of the health professional to assist the person with a range of tasks that will promote effective self-management, based on the person’s goals, wishes and capacities. To support self-management the health structure must provide ready access to appropriate systems of self-management support that are evidence based, and adequately resourced with trained staff. Staff must be culturally sensitive to the person’s needs and support the belief in the person’s ability to learn self-management skills (Brunson, 1995). The aim of self-management support is to develop skills and confidence within patients and their families so that they can take responsibility for their own care (Wagner, 1996, and WHO, 2002). The self-management support strategies that were found to be most effective were those that developed self-efficacy in relation to specific behaviors such as diet, exercises physical and diabetes rather than those that were more general. Self efficacy theory underpins this process and this can only be interpreted and measured in regard to specific behaviours, such as diabetes self management or diet and exercise behaviors but not broadly in relation to a range of behaviours such as chronic diseases and self management in general (Bandura ,1977

Capella Univ The Role and Importance of Technology in Business Executive Summary

Capella Univ The Role and Importance of Technology in Business Executive Summary.

Write a 500-word executive summary detailing your current state regarding your final project for this class.Address the following questions in your summary:What is your anticipated area for intervention? Why?What opportunities for improvement are you considering?What difficulties are you facing?Include at least three references to support your position.Format your paper according to APAWith all this research and all these strategies, how do you know what’s successful? One means* is the Balanced Score Card is one such example. In another assignment, you’ll be asked to evaluate your organization’s interface with technology. Pick a specific area and technology, and then look more broadly at the organization as a whole. What’s working? What’s not?Balanced Scorecard, while widely used, is certainly not the only such framework. You are welcome to investigate other frameworks for your purposes if you like. Some I would suggest you may find germane include:4DX (Four Disciplines of Execution)Balanced ScorecardEFQM (European Foundation for Quality Management Model for Excellence)KPI (Key Performance Indices)OKR (Objectives and Key Results)SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Timely)Begin researching scorecards, models for evaluation, or key performance indicators that you might use to prepare for another assignment. I will invite you for this another assignment.Some models include the balanced scorecard, a model that is almost 30 years old but is still relevant today. Other models exist that you may want to research in the library. Aligned with assessment

CSLO 1 Examine the function and influence of technology in organizations. CSLO 2 CSLO 2 Evaluate change management strategies to enhance technology integration, implementation, and innovation.
Capella Univ The Role and Importance of Technology in Business Executive Summary

Why the price of computers keep falling despite increasing demand

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Scenario: Ana Quintero is a 19 year old Latina whom you meet during the first week of your Social

Scenario: Ana Quintero is a 19 year old Latina whom you meet during the first week of your Social Work field placement. She stops by the office where you are working and strikes up a conversation with you while she is waiting to see your supervisor Kevin. Ana has been working with Kevin for several months in an attempt to find stable housing, obtain medical insurance, and enroll in college. During this conversation you learn that Ana spent most of her youth bouncing among several foster care placements. She was placed in foster care when her mother was diagnosed with severe clinical depression after her father was deported to El Salvador. Ana was 7 when this took place. Prompt: Using the concepts of positionality and (self) reflexivity that you have learned, write a Positionality Statement that describes who you are in connection, comparison, and contrast to Ana. Be sure to address at least the following aspects of identity (age, race, ethnicity, gender, family background, and educational background).

Troy University The Operations Data Analysis Worksheet

Troy University The Operations Data Analysis Worksheet.

See the Data Analysis Assignment DocumentMicrosoft Power BI Desktop (PBI)Chapter 1 Follow instructions in the book as well as those below.Download and Load Adventureworks Database.xlsx in PBI AdventureWorks_Database.xlsxRename data tables by putting AW- and deleting dim or edit XL sheet before loadingLoad Gasoline file from web (Links to an external site.)Rename to Gasoline ap data 2 and move to bottom of listSave file as Yourname-03 save to your flash drive or into your OneDriveUpload into Canvas Data Analysis Assignment 3
Troy University The Operations Data Analysis Worksheet

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