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E6

E6. Paper details   Chapter Six reviews how the World Bank has dealt with charges of corruption and transparency in the past. It also discusses how many global firms seek to do business for World Bank-funded projects. Imagine you are the director of global business development for a large American engineering company that wants to win the contract to build roads in Kenya through a World Bank–funded project. You need to develop a relationship with the Ministry of Transportation in Kenya. Using what you learned in this chapter, discuss how you would handle a situation in which your firm wants to win the contract but has been directly asked for a bribe by a local official in charge of the decision making. Imagine that your competitors are from other countries, some of which are less concerned about the ethics of gift giving as this book has defined it. How can you still get business in such a situation? What would you advise your senior management?E6
Table of Contents Introduction Reasons Why and How Colleges Can Embrace Boyer’s Principles Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Most countries around the world have established more institutions of higher learning and the United States of America is not an exception. The increase in number of institutions of higher learning has led to increased enrolment rates in the institutions. Additionally, most of the universities and colleges have attracted enrolment of students from different parts of the world. However, little attention has been paid on how higher institutions of learning ought to function in order to realize an integrated community, which work together to realize their goals and objectives. Boyer recommended six principles, which higher institutions should pursue in order to achieve the spirit of community in the institutions. According to Boyer, higher institutions of learning should foster justice, care, openness, and discipline in order to achieve a spirit of community. Personally, I believe that higher institutions of learning should embrace Boyer’s principles. Therefore, this paper explores the reasons why college should embrace Boyer’s principles and how the principles are embraced. Reasons Why and How Colleges Can Embrace Boyer’s Principles Boyer proposed six principles, which colleges and universities should pursue. First, Boyer suggested that a college or university should be a purposeful community. This means that as an educational institution, a college should foster cooperation between the faculty and the student fraternity in order to reinforce learning and teaching in the institutions of higher learning. Colleges are institutions whose main role is to promote learning and to impart academic knowledge to students, as well as, the teaching staff. However, most institutions of higher learning have failed to achieve this role because students majorly aim at attaining credentials in order to secure employment. Similarly, the teaching staff is more engrossed in conducting research to enable them earn promotions in their faculties. It is crucial for colleges to be purposeful communities because it helps to promote commitment to scholarly excellence and the pursuit for learning. Maintaining a purposeful college will also ensure active participation both in the lecture halls, as well as, in other avenues. Failure to remain purposeful will automatically hinder the institutions from attaining a community spirit within the institutions. The community spirit can be attained if the faculty and the students join to work together in order to attain academic excellence. Some colleges have embraced a number of ways to enable them remain purposeful. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, in some colleges the faculties have allocated more contact hours between the lecturers and the students. Therefore, students and lecturers are able to discuss about various issues regarding the subjects. Additionally, in order to remain purposeful the lecturers should devote more time towards mentorship. This helps to encourage students to remain active in classroom participation. Second, Boyer proposed that a college or university should be open. According to Boyer, a college should promote freedom of speech, as well as, courteousness. Colleges should be places in which students can freely express their ideas and opinions even if the ideas are contrary to majority opinion. Therefore, a college or university should not use censorship in order to create a safe environment for students. Rather institutions of higher learning should encourage students to engage one another in discussions, which do not violate boundaries of civility. In order to attain an open community within the institutions of higher learning, colleges should organize events such as debates. Such programmes and events enable students to air their views in relation debate topics. An open environment will as well enable students in colleges and universities to develop a culture of appreciating other people’s ideas and opinions without being disrespectful. Colleges and universities can achieve an open environment by establishing rules and regulations that protect the civility of all students regardless of race or gender. The college authorities should also set consequences for the violation of the civility of its students. Therefore, such measures will help to promote an open community that allows every student to express his or her ides. Additionally, an open environment promotes exchange of ideas among students and between students and the lecturers. Similarly, an open community will inspire students and encourage the spirit of inquiry, which is instrumental to intellectual pursuit. The third principle of Boyer states that a college or university should be a just community. According to Boyer, a college should promote justice to all its members by ensuring respect of individual’s dignity and equality put on the forefront. We will write a custom Essay on Boyer’s Six Principles of Higher Institutions specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Affirmation of justice within colleges and universities is a major challenge that most college authorities face. Racial prejudices, as well as, gender inequality are rampant in most campuses. Colleges can only achieve justice if the students and the staff condemn all forms of prejudices, which prevent attainment of a just community Promotion of a just community within colleges helps to foster a sense of belonging among students. As a result, students and the teaching staff easily collaborate in order to realize their missions and visions. Prevalence of justice within college will also help to promote freedom of expression without having any fear of victimization based on race or gender. Therefore, colleges should adopt strategies that promote equality and justice. For example, departments within a college should give equal chances to students and staff when allocating scholarships and grants for research without any forms of prejudice. Additionally, teachers should adopt social justice instruction in order to foster a community spirit within colleges and universities (Clayton and Williams 102). Teachers should learn about their students learning styles, as well as strengths and weaknesses. This is important, because it will enable teachers to use different teaching methodologies such as facilitation to produce knowledge. On the other hand, peer relationships among students should be encouraged in order to promote cooperation among students. Despite the challenges that most colleges face, a good number have embraced the pursuit for justice in their institutions. For instance, a number of college institutions in America such as the University of Massachusetts have formulated programmes, which aim at creating awareness about social justice. Boyer further described a college or a university as a disciplined community in which every member remains responsible and performs duties assigned to them. A number of colleges have adopted rules and regulations, which should guide student’s behavior. However, a good number of colleges and universities find it rather challenging to ensure that all the rules that govern students’ behavior are respected. For example, most colleges have failed to control drug and substance abuse within the institutions. As a disciplined community, the college administrators should ensure that they support all the laws that prohibit socially unacceptable behaviors. Additionally, students should have role models who can inspire them to remain morally upright and disciplined. College administrators should also encourage and support the formation of organizations and clubs within their colleges. Such groupings enable students to find alternative ways of spending their leisure time. Similarly, students will learn the importance of discipline, as well as, being responsible. Not sure if you can write a paper on Boyer’s Six Principles of Higher Institutions by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A number of colleges have instituted drug and substance education to create awareness on the potential consequences. Lecturers should also take an initiative to inculcate a culture of discipline during lectures. For instance, lecturers can employ a number of techniques such as developmental discipline. Developmental discipline was “designed by Marilyn Watson together with four educators” (Elizabeth and Davies 123). Watson and her colleagues recommended the use of indirect control method whereby a lecturer should ensure that the classroom environment enable the students to remain focused. Additionally, developmental discipline also entails teaching of social behavior. For example, a teacher should give proper directions whenever cases of conflict arise in the classroom. Similarly, teachers can model acceptable social behaviors in order to inculcate a disciplined culture among the students. It is important for colleges to foster a disciplined community because such a community of learning will help to produce responsible scholars. In addition to this, a disciplined community will help to promote smooth running of activities, therefore making it easier for the administration to attain their goals and objectives. Discipline also enhances cooperation among the college fraternity because students will fully accept their obligations and roles. However, students should take full responsibility for their actions in order to attain a disciplined community within colleges. Senior students should act as role models to their juniors. Therefore, it will be easier to create a culture of discipline within the colleges if each member of the college community remains responsible. It is also important to realize that self-discipline should remain paramount in order to realize a disciplined community in colleges. A disciplined student is always far ahead of his colleagues because self-discipline enables students to remain focused. Self-discipline will enable a student to accomplish tasks as required without any form of supervision from the authorities. In most instances, self-discipline is a culture that is fostered at family level; therefore, college administration should also cooperate with parents in order to achieve a community of disciplined students. According to Boyer, a college or university is a caring community. It is an environment where the needs of each member are taken into consideration and service to other members is nurtured and encouraged. In order to attain the other principles of a community learning members should care for one another. How students relate with one another will influence other characteristics of a community. For instance, students will practice justice only if they value and care for their colleagues. However, attaining a caring community may be challenging to the administrators because in most colleges students put their individual interests first before others. Additionally, a number of students value their independence. Therefore, it may be difficult for such students to allow anybody to get involved in their personal affairs. However, this does not dispute the fact that each student needs to feel that their colleagues care for them. Colleges should develop strategies that can enable students to realize the importance of caring for one another. For example, students should be encouraged to join communities within campus in which they can establish friendly relations with other students who are not their classmates. Communities enable students to have a sense of belonging. In most instances, members of communities or clubs engage in a number of interactive activities, which help to foster interpersonal skills, as well as, team spirit (Roberts 115). As a result, students can extend gestures of love to other students who are not members of their communities or clubs. Similarly, the teaching staff within the colleges and universities should also create a good rapport with the student body to enable students to feel that they are cared for and loved. Members of the teaching staff should foster interactions with the student fraternity during lecture hours, as well as, outside classrooms. For example, faculty members can allocate time for students to consult them. However, both students and teaching staff should maintain healthy boundaries that enhance their dignity. Most colleges have taken measures to promote a caring community within their institutions. For instance, in most colleges there are chaplains and college counselors who advise students on various matters. Last but most important, Boyer described a college or a university as a celebrative community. A college or a university should foster its heritage, traditions, as well as, rituals that distinguish it from other institutions through celebrations. In order to foster a spirit of community in the institutions of higher learning, the administration should ensure that its traditions and heritage are maintained. This is crucial because ceremonies and rituals help to promote a sense of belonging among the college fraternity, as well as, ensuring continuity. Ceremonies like graduations always bring members of a college together, thereby allowing for interactions that promote togetherness. Similarly, rituals and ceremonies conducted by colleges help to orient new students into the system. Celebrations also help to sustain good memories that promote a community spirit. However, it is tricky for most institutions of higher learning to practice all their rites, rituals, and celebrations by balancing between significance and fun. For instance, most students are interested in having fun; therefore, a number of students will feel obliged to participate in such ceremonies only if they are entertaining. Colleges should adopt new ways of organizing for events, which bring their members together. The events should be coordinated in a manner that will enable students to have a reason to be part of the system. However, if the administrators ignore the students’ needs in such activities there will be a likelihood of students developing a negative attitude towards the institution’s rituals, traditions, and celebrations. Despite the challenges of promoting a celebrative community within institutions of higher learning, a number of colleges have maintained their heritage, traditions, as well as rituals that distinctively separate them from other institutions. Conclusion A number of colleges have embraced Boyer’s principles to some extent. However, in order to create a difference in the society members of a college fraternity should work together to realize a purposeful, open, just, caring, disciplined, and celebrative community. Boyer’s principles are essential to modeling students to become responsible citizens who will pursue justice and value every member of the society. Therefore, every institution of higher learning should aim at attaining a community spirit within their institutions in order to affirm the integrity of learning in institutions of higher learning. Works Cited Clayton, Mathew and Andrew Williams. Social Justice. New York: Willey, 2004. Print. Elizabeth, Stacey and Gordon Davies. Quality Education at a Glance. New York: Springer, 2003. Print. Roberts, Jan. A Community Spirit of Caring Begins With You. London: iUniverse, 2001. Print.
Waldorf University Change on Food Service Industry Discussion.

write minimum 500 wordsDescription: The content of assignment must be at least 500 words but no longer than 750 words. Paper must be typed with 1-inch margins, double-spaced, 12 point Times New Roman font, and numbered page. MLA 8 citation is required. Wikipedia is not allowed to use as reference source.Rubric: Before posting, please review the Assignment Grading RubricQuestions: Use information found in the textbook along with your own research and respond to each of the following questions in details:What back-of-house changes will likely occur in the food service industry in the next 10 years, and how will these changes directly impact future employee performance?What front-of-house changes will likely occur in the food service industry in the next 10 years, and how will these changes directly impact future employee performance?What technological changes will likely occur in the food service industry in the next 10 years, and how will these changes directly impact future employee performance?
Waldorf University Change on Food Service Industry Discussion

Caught in the Crossfire Essay (Movie Review)

Healthy relationships within a family are the fundament for the child’s successful development. However, there are debates on the role of gay families in bringing up children. Sandra Williams, the author of the movie Caught in the Crossfire: Children of Gay and Lesbian Parents (1997), focuses on the discussion of this controversial question because she is a lesbian, and she has a daughter. The impact of the parents’ sexuality on the child’s development is the main concern analyzed in the movie (Caught in the Crossfire, 1997). The discussion is based on the vision of several children whose parents are gays and lesbians. Children develop successfully and feel happy, if they are desired and loved. Although love, understanding, and support are the main components of the healthy relationships between a child and a parent, the parents’ sexuality can become a real challenge for children because it affects their vision of parents, of themselves, and their interactions within the society. The conversations with children growing in the families with gay parents presented in the movie support the opinion that only few children can react to their parents’ gay orientation positively. The most typical reactions are anger, distress, anxiety, unwillingness to understand and accept the fact, confusion, and the fear of social ignorance. From this point, discovering the aspects of the parents’ sexuality, children are challenged, and their life can become more complicated because of the necessity to overcome inner and social stereotypes and biases. Thus, the children’s visions can differ significantly, and the range of reactions is large, including the absolute disagreement and discussion of gay relations as the “sickest thing” and acceptance of the idea along with sharing the mother or father’s sexuality (Caught in the Crossfire, 1997). It is stated in the movie that the child’s reaction depends on the bond between a parent and a child. If relations in a family are open and positive, based on the mutual understanding, children do not feel that they are betrayed by the fact of the parent’s discovered sexuality which is abnormal in relation to the social visions. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the opinion of the boy depicted in the movie who states that children should not choose whether to like the situation or not, whether to accept the parent’s sexuality or not (Caught in the Crossfire, 1997). From this perspective, emphasizing on their sexuality, parents make children choose and take definite positions of acceptance gay relations or not. In spite of the fact those children who are depicted in the movie know about their parents’ sexuality, a lot of them want not to learn that their mother or father is a gay. That is why, parents should understand that their sexuality can affect their children’s emotional and psychological state directly and can create many difficulties associated with the aspects of the social life. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Basing on the research, Sandra Williams concludes that her sexuality can hurt her daughter in the future because of the necessity to accept or understand it. It is important to note that children’s reactions to the fact can be different, depending on their relations with parents, on their desire to understand the situation, and on their personal understanding of all the particular aspects of the issue. The problem is in the fact that if the relations in a gay family are balanced and children do not feel anxiety or stress, they can feel much confusion interacting with the other people who surround them because of belonging to something unnatural or socially unaccepted. Reference Caught in the Crossfire: Children of gay and lesbian parents. (1997). Web.

FINANCE – Portfolio Management

essay writing service free FINANCE – Portfolio Management.

FINANCE – Portfolio ManagementPick three stocks of your choice (Select stocks listed in the ASX or any other national Exchange), preferably from different industry groups. Go to the recommended websites or any other website that offers historical stock price data or to published information sources such as Yahoo Finance, or any other source of financial information. Extract weekly (for example, every Friday) closing share prices for themost recent 28 weeksExtract also the values of the stock market index, (represented by the ASX 300 or ASX 200 Index in the case of Australia), on a weekly basis over the same time period.Calculate the following:Part 1 (30 marks)(a) The rate of return in each week for each stock and for the stock market index for the 27 weekly periods. Calculate the discrete rate of return as well as the continuously compounded rate of return. Calculate the arithmetic mean return and the geometric mean return of each stock for the entire period. Use only the discrete returns for your calculations and for the calculations in the questions that follow. (10 marks)(b) The variance of returns for each stock and the index and the covariances of returns between each pair of stocks, the covariance between each stock and the stock market index, and the corresponding correlation coefficients. (5 marks)(c) Compare your results in (a) and (b) for each stock and the stock market index and comment on the risk return characteristics and performance of each of your stocks and the index. Illustrate with tables/charts as appropriate. Comment on the results, relating to what you have learnt in this course. Relate the risk return pattern and the performance of the market index and your stocks to relevant events that took place during this period. Draw on economic, political, industry and company related events that took place over this period that may have impacted on the performance of your stocks and the market index. Give bibliographic references to the sources of your information. http://www.rba.gov.au/statistics/tables/index.html#interest_rates) over your sample period. (Remember that reported yields are usually annualised figures.) Convert the yields to weekly numbers. Use these as a proxy for the risk free rate. (5 marks)(b) Estimate the Security Characteristic Line (SCL) for each of your stocks and the equal weighted portfolio, based on the ‘Market Model’, using excess returns (discrete returns less the risk free rate), using Excel regression analysis functions. Show your results graphically. From your results, compute the Beta and the Jensen’s Alpha of each stock and the portfolio. (15 marks)(c) Calculate the total risk (the return variance) of each stock and the portfolio. Partition the total risk to their respective systematic and unsystematic risk components. (10 marks)(d) Based on your observations and results in parts (b) and (c) above, comment on each of your stock’s and portfolio’s performance, and on their risk characteristics, comparing and contrasting the magnitude and the proportions of their systematic and unsystematic risk components. What further insights can you gain on the characteristics and behaviour of your stocks and portfolio compared to the analysis and observations you made in Part 1 (c) and Part 2 (b)? (15 marks)Part 4 (15 marks)From the point of view of an investor who wishes to evaluate whether the stocks that you examined are worth investing in, how useful was the analysis you carried out on these stocks? What limitations do you see in your analysis and results for investment decision making purposes? What further analysis would you wish to carry out? Explain briefly.__________________________________________________________________________________Examples of websites for sourcing dataAustralian Stock Exchange:http://www.asx.com.au/asx/statistics/indexInfo.jspBARRA indexes:http://www.barra.com/research/download_returns.aspMorgan Stanley Indexes:http://www.msci.comFor individual stock data:http://finance.yahoo.com/Reserve Bank of Australia – for interest rates, exchange rates etc.http://www.rba.gov.au/Statistics/use chicago references where possible
FINANCE – Portfolio Management

Virtual Team Development

Virtual Team Development.

Consider the following scenario:You are a member of your company’s Organization Development team. Executive leaders have asked this group to help diagnose some of the organization’s problems involving virtual team success. Each year, teams of managers are assembled from across several global business units to tackle issues identified by executive leaders. Each team is expected to work on its assignment for twelve months. Many teams in the past have been very effective; they have delivered specific, workable solutions that were responsible for important improvements to the organization. But just as many teams have become ineffective, stalled, and even disbanded with little or no results to show for their time and effort.You have been asked to review the scholarly and professional research on virtual team dynamics, including the predictable stages of virtual team development, and to formulate recommendations for your executive leaders to use in helping the next group of teams to recognize and move successfully through these stages. Your report will be used to guide the next round of team development.Write a report for your executive leaders that analyzes the predictable stages of virtual team development and offers recommendations, supporting your analyses and recommendations with resources from your research.Submission RequirementsYour report should include the following:Title page.Executive summary (1 page).An overview of organizational best practices for virtual team development (1–2 pages).A description and overview of the predictable stages of virtual team development (2–3 pages).Recommendations for moving through each stage (1–2 pages).At least one specific, actionable strategy for each recommendation.An analysis of the technologies that will best support your strategies (1–2 pages).References page. Include a minimum of three research resources. Follow APA guidelines for style and formatting.
Virtual Team Development

1. Choose a health topic, disease, or trend that you want to find more information about. Note that this data and topic will be used throughout the semester for other assignments 2. Use one o

     Choose a health topic, disease, or trend that you want to find more information about. Note that this data and topic will be used throughout the semester for other assignments 2.      Use one of the websites covered in chapter 1 to find your data or any website you would like. Data is everywhere so if you find it, use it. a.       CDC b.      FDA/USDA c.       Census d.      Baltimore City Health Department e.       Maryland Department of Health f.        Any website you find interesting 3.      Enter your data in excel a.       You need a minimum of sample of 50 to complete this assignment b.      Example: if you choose cancer, you will need at least 50 cases of cancer 4.      Create a data dictionary on the second sheet of your excel file a.       A data dictionary defines the variables in your data set 5.      You must include these variables in your data set. Feel free to add any other variables you want to add to your data set. This information may be useful to you a.       Gender                                                               i.      Female                                                             ii.      Male                                                           iii.      other b.      Ethnicity c.       Age d.      Employment e.       Education f.        State g.      County 6.      For each variable, have the following a.       Number (count) b.      Percent c.       Rate (if applicable)