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Dunwoody College of Technology Healthcare Neighborhood Issues Report

Dunwoody College of Technology Healthcare Neighborhood Issues Report.

Complete the following in MLA Format. S.A.R.A. Problem Solving ProcessScanning: Identify and Describe the problem in your neighborhood in specific terms:Identify and list all of the people who have a vested interest in this problem in the neighborhood. Groups and Individuals who are part of the problem and impacted by the problem.Analysis: Compile the questions regarding the problem and where the answer may be found:Goals: What are you trying to accomplish?Response: What actions are going to be taken to resolve the problem? These are your best ideas on how to solve the problem. Assessment: How, and who will measure the effectiveness of the response(s) that you have proposed?
Dunwoody College of Technology Healthcare Neighborhood Issues Report

Citronelle Formation & Implementation of US Food & Drug Administration Discussion.

As you may recall from chapter one, the textbook approaches the study of public policy by examining the five stages of the process or cycle: problem identification and agenda setting, formulation, adoption, implementation, and evaluation.Chapter 6 focuses on what happens in the fourth step of the policy cycle, implementation. Implementation entails whatever is done to carry out a policy, apply it to the appropriate population and accomplish its goals. Administrative agencies and their procedures, techniques, and politics are at the center of implementation study. Although much of what agencies do may appear routine, the implementation consequences for policy content and success are vital. American federalism further complicates these consequences for national policies through cost shifting and mandates.Choose one of the options below to write a 3-5 page paper that addresses the first four stages of the process, with a special emphasis on implementation. For this paper, you are not required to include the final stage of evaluation. Paper Option One: You may or may not know of Henry Heinz’s role in championing food safety and the eventual creation of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), although some may question his motives. Research and write a 3-5 page paper on the history of the FDA’s formation. Be sure your paper addresses the first four stages that took place in the policy cycle, with special emphasis on how the policy was implemented.Paper Option Two: Some have compared to the battle over the requirement to wear masks to seat belts as there was much resistance to making the wearing of seat belt mandatory when proposed. In the 1980’s, Elizabeth Dole, who was the Secretary of Transportation during the Reagan administration, issued a rule that sparked lobbying efforts to have states pass laws on the subject. Research and write a 3-5 page paper on the history of seat belt laws in the United States. Be sure your paper addresses the first four stages that took place in the policy cycle, with special emphasis on how the policy was implemented. This is a short research paper (3-5 pages). You should use MS word and attach in the proper place. You should include a title page, in-text citations, and a reference list using APA style guidelines. You should write in third person and there should be no direct quotes. Do not count the title page and reference page in the page count. Please use scholarly sources and submit in the proper place (below).
Citronelle Formation & Implementation of US Food & Drug Administration Discussion

John Cadbury, founder of the Cadbury business, opened his first store in the United Kingdom in 1824 (Cadbury, 2011). His philosophy was based on selling coffee, tea, and hot chocolate as healthier alternatives to alcohol, which he believed destroyed people’s lives (Cadbury, 2011). In 1831, Cadbury began commercially manufacturing cocoa and chocolate beverages (Cadbury, 2011). The first Cadbury Easter Eggs were produced in 1875; crème was added later in 1923 (Cadbury, 2011). In 1969, Cadbury formally became Cadbury Schweppes, the second-largest confectionery company in the world (Wikipedia, 2011). In 2010, the American food giant, Kraft Foods, controversially acquired Cadbury Schweppes in a $19.6 billion takeover (Cadbury, 2011). This case will provide a summary and analysis of Cadbury Beverages with an emphasis on product and promotion issues, positioning, advertising, promoting, market dynamics, competitive behavior, and price structure. In addition, an assessment of the company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats will be addressed. Problem Identification The world’s first soft drink maker, Cadbury Beverages, Inc., is the world’s third largest soft drink marketer (Kerin
This paper reviews a wide range of practices (IS THIS WHAT YOU DO) covered by employee involvement and participation using from a variety of literature and compare these two types of employee voice mechanisms (involvement and participation) and also various forms of involvement/participation mechanisms. The evidence suggest that NEED TO ADD SOMETHING HERE, and evidence also suggest that NEED TO ADD SOMETHING HERE. The conclusion argues that NEED TO ADD SOMETHING HERE. In this respect, NEED TO ADD SOMETHING HERE. (Can also discuss achievements if any) Content Introduction and Structure Chapter 1 Definition of employee involvement and context Definition of employee participation and context Summary of the chapter Chapter 2 Involvement – Theoretical framework Participation – Theoretical framework Employee involvement and participation in contrast Chapter 3 Discussion and conclusion Introduction Employee Involvement and participation (EIP) can be take various range of forms in practice and it is a widely accepted as a key component of high commitment bundle of human resource management (HRM). ‘Employee Involvement’ (EI) is a recent term that has been enter to the British vocabulary mainly with in practitioners and academics during 1980’s (Marchington, 1992). This represents the recent attempts by employers to identify ways managing their staff more participative, with support from government and employer’s organisations up to certain extent. The employee involvement has replaced the industrial democracy and employee participation, which is, identified as earlier variants to employee involvement. Employee involvement is a responsibility of the employer to involve or give an opportunity to the employees to become involved in the work that they performed and the organisation, beyond their minimal performance or the contractual wage/work expectation. But it can be argued that EI is fall short of ‘participation’ undoubtedly in decision-making. However EI practices sometimes give an opportunity to exercise influence (ex. Joint consultation or quality circles) but mostly it’s influence the decision making segment of the business. Therefore, EI diverge from collective bargaining and industrial democracy, both are clearly the modes of power sharing within employees and management with use of their representatives. However according to Marchington (1992) sometimes these terms are used interchangeably and there is no agreed common definition. In this paper the main aim is to review the significant literature on the subject and to compare the two types of voice mechanisms (I.e. involvement and Participation) and to discuss various forms of involvement/participation mechanisms and finally to critically assess their effectiveness from point of management and employees. Chapter 1 This chapter mainly contains with three sections. The first section aims to provide what actually the employee involvement is and how it originated. In the second section it defines the employee participation with a small historical background and finally in the third section it summarises the overall idea about employee involvement and participation. Employee Involvement (EI) EI can be defined as a wide range of practices, which helps to get the employees’ support, high involvement and understanding at work place. According to Beardwell

IBM Company Analysis Research Paper

Brief Company History Formally established in 1911, IBM has grown within the past 100 years into one of the largest technology-oriented enterprises in the world to date. It was one of the first companies to develop the concept of the home personal computer, pioneered the development of the modern-day checkout line through the creation of the laser scanner, is the primary manufacturer of many of the cash registers in operation in grocery stores around the world and is one of the largest suppliers of automated teller machines used in nearly every single bank in operation at the present. By 2005 the company shifted is operational makeup by selling its personal computer division to Lenovo and instead focused on providing software and hardware-based solutions to other multinational companies and international organizations. This has resulted in the present-day IBM, which is known around the world as a business solutions provider that enables businesses to run more smoothly and efficiently under a technological infrastructure developed by IBM. Economic conditions While the 2008 global financial crisis in effect obliterated the profit margins of hundreds of multinational companies around the world, IBM was largely unaffected and by 2009 actually emerged from the crisis with a 20% higher third-quarter income, which amounted to $2.05 per share. This is in stark contrast to the effects of the financial crisis on other technology-oriented firms who experienced billions of dollars in losses during this particular period. The reason behind why IBM continued to be profitable despite the uncertain financial environment at the time is actually connected to the company relinquishing its production and sale of computer hardware and various devices directly to normal consumers. Instead, the company focused on the creation of software and service products with an emphasis on long term service contracts with corporations, government departments and various organizations. What you have to understand is that a large percentage of the technology-based corporations that were negatively affected by the 2008 crisis were affected due to a lack of consumer demand for their products. People were in effect to scared to buy new laptops, computers or other forms of technology-based products as a result of not only the high degrees of unemployment that permeated the market at the time but it was also due to the fact that there was a certain degree of fear in the markets regarding the possibility of job loss. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Since IBM catered directly to corporations, this in effect allowed the company to altogether avoid the slump affecting other technology based enterprises, especially when taking into consideration the long term contracts the company had. Furthermore, as a direct result of the crisis many companies turned towards the concepts of Six Sigma and lean operations resulting in a distinct shift towards more efficient computer based operations as well as turned towards outsourcing various aspects of their operations to other countries. This in effect necessitated the creation of newer and better software and hardware infrastructures, which IBM was only too happy to provide during this particular period of time. On the other hand, it must be noted that as of late IBM has experienced some financial difficulties as many of its clients within Europe have been affected by the debt crisis, which has severely constrained their ability to expand/upgrade their systems. IBM has made up for this though by continuing to expand its outsourced operations within India and the Philippines, which enabled the company to more or less breakeven despite the lack of demand from its European clientele. Ethical issues One of the main ethical issues surrounding IBM at the present is its current predilection towards outsourcing various aspects of its internal operations and manufacturing processes to other countries. While it may be true that companies that are based within the US are not under any legal obligation to ensure that all aspects of their operations remain within the country, the fact is that after IBM received extensive financial assistance in the form of government bailout money from the US government it still chose to fire nearly 5,000 US based employees over the following months and shifted a large percentage of its workforce to overseas operations such as those in India, China and the Philippines. Given the fact that IBM in effect was helped by US taxpayers the company had the moral and ethical responsibility to at least pay them back to a certain extent by using the bailout money to subsequently increase the number of local jobs within the country. We will write a custom Research Paper on IBM Company Analysis specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While it may be true that the company did invest the money into IT infrastructure development which did create some jobs, the fact remains that this was barely felt within the US domestic market and as such calls into question the corporate social responsibility the company should have displayed in terms of actually helping the American people. Marketing strategies The gains achieved by IBM within the past 15 years can all be attributed to its marketing strategy of removing itself from direct competition within the currently oversaturated PC market. Instead, the company has focused on direct business to business sales wherein its primary clients are multinational corporations, government and educational institutions, the airline industry, the food services industry as well as several other industries within the global economy today that rely on the technology, software and consulting expertise of IBM in order to resolve their technology-related issues. As such, IBM does not advertise in the traditional sense but rather relies on direct business contacts, product roadshows and its reputation as one of the best companies in the world for technology based solutions to gain clients. Evidence of the effectiveness of such a method of marketing is actually seen by the average consumer on an almost daily basis wherein most of automated teller machines, cash registers, and credit cards readers encountered by a vast majority of the general public are all mostly made by IBM or one of its subsidiaries. In cases where IBM does do direct marketing campaigns, the advertisements are not directed at the average consumer as seen in the case of numerous advertisements by companies such as Asus, Toshiba, and Apple, which rely on a strategy of presenting how much better their product is compared to their competitors. Instead, IBM’s marketing strategy revolves around presenting solutions involving software, consulting services and the implementation of a technological infrastructure that would resolve any and all issues a client would have regarding creating an efficient and effective business platform. There are three components within market orientation that determine how a company will implement a marketing strategy within the competitive environment that it finds itself in: Not sure if you can write a paper on IBM Company Analysis by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These components are comprised of the following: Customer orientation Competitor orientation Inter-functional coordination. When it comes to marketing strategies involving customer orientation, a company utilizes its available resources in gathering data on the needs and behaviors of the consumer segment that it is targeting. The same can be said for competitor orientation marketing strategies however, in this case, it focuses on competitors within the same market instead. Either method though has a distinct weakness; focusing too much on consumer orientation can actually blind a company to changes in the market or may actually stifle innovation since the company focuses too much on consumer satisfaction rather than changing based on trends. Focusing too much on competitor orientation, on the other hand, results in too much time and capital being placed on competitive activities, which results in companies at times neglecting their consumer bases and focusing too much on getting ahead of the competition. In the case of IBM, what was done was to focus on a customer-oriented strategy by providing solutions instead of merely software and hardware. Not only that, the company also avoided the potential pitfall of being blind to changes within the market by in effect taking itself out of the competitive direct to consumer PC market and instead focused on a niche market strategy involving multinational corporations, institutions and other such organizations. This strategy can be considered a stroke of genius since it enabled the company to further enhance its reputation through better client services, which in effect resulted in additional clients for IBM. The end result of this particular marketing strategy enabled IBM to become the 2nd largest firm within the US based on the number of employees it currently has as well as enabling it to reach the 4 highest position within the US market in terms of the sheer amount of market capitalization it has at the present. Strengths and Weaknesses As mentioned earlier, the current strength of the company lies in the fact that it does not provide individual products to consumers but rather sells IT based solutions to its clientele. This can come in the form of a technological infrastructure with long term IT support that ensures a continuous stream of income from such clients as they continue to develop and upgrade their systems in order to keep up with the current pace of technological improvements. On the other hand, the weakness of the company lies in the fact that as more IT based companies enter into the business to business solutions market, IBM does not have a fall back industry in the form of direct sales of computers to rely on for additional income. Industry analysis- Necessity for Innovation and the Need to Change Markets Thamhain (2005) indicates that research and development into new ways of producing and utilizing technology is one of the practices most often seen in technology-intensive enterprises (Thamhain, 2005). This is due to the fact that technology has as of late been under a constantly accelerating level development and as a result, has enabled new players to enter into markets whereas in the past distinct barriers to proper entry would have been present (Thamhain, 2005). As such, failure to sufficiently innovate along with new technological trends and products can be thought of as a failure on the part of the managerial practices at a company since being able to anticipate trends and use them to either reach greater market penetration or keep the company relevant to consumers is a necessity in today’s technology intensive market economy. Nowhere is this more evident that in the IT services industry at the present wherein IBM has to directly compete with other business to business service providers such as Oracle, Cisco, Dell and now HP as this company transitions from a consumer-oriented approach to one that focuses primarily on selling to various businesses and organizations. Of particular concern within this particular industry are the possible long term implications of a prolonged economic recession within the US, especially when coupled with the debt crisis within Europe, which are two of the main markets of technology-oriented enterprises such as IBM. The main problem with consumer markets in economies such as those within the US, Europe and the Middle East is the fact that consumer spending is at an all-time low which has resulted in the current economic downturn since consumer spending is the primary basis of economic recoveries or recessions (Keller

ECE 657 Ashford University Wk 4 Routine & Activity Based Interventions Discussion

essay help online ECE 657 Ashford University Wk 4 Routine & Activity Based Interventions Discussion.

Week 4 – Discussion 211 unread reply.11 reply.Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.Routine-Based and Activity-Based InterventionsRead the Using Routines-Based Interventions in Early Childhood Special Education (Links to an external site.) and Theory and Theory-driven Practices of Activity Based Intervention (Links to an external site.) articles. Then, include the following in your discussion post:Describe the role that IEP’s and IFSP’s play in ensuring proper interventions for young children.Defend, based on information from both articles, which approach or a combination of approaches you would want to see used in your school or center. Provide a rationale.In your rationale, cite how your chosen approach is specifically grounded in theory and aligns with your philosophy.Justify how teachers can work within your chosen approach to uphold social justice and include all families.Analyze which types of documentation would be the most appropriate to collect data and review the progress of the child within your chosen approach(es). Cite specific reasons why these documentation methods would be effective.
ECE 657 Ashford University Wk 4 Routine & Activity Based Interventions Discussion

Globalization Is Not New A Phenomenon Economics Essay

Globalization is not new a phenomenon, for thousands of years people acting on their own and later corporations used to buy and sell products and services (trade) to each other on lands, shores and seas at great distances, great example is the famous Silk Road across Central Asia that connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages. Under the term of Globalization political scientists promote the process of interaction and integration amongst the people, companies and governments of different nations, a process which is driven by international trade and investment and aided through media and modern technologies. This process influences directly or indirectly the environment, culture, political system, economic development and prosperity of every human nation and every single person in the world. There are different types of Globalization or combination of these types. To understand better the purposes and procedures that took place in each circumstance, we have to analyze each type separately. Financial Globalization/Integration Financial Globalization is the process through which financial markets in an economy become more closely integrated (related) with those in other economies or those in the rest of the world through the financial flows. Types of integration Integration of the public sector based on borrowing. There are two types: the issuance of foreign currency debt, and the issuance of the local currency debt Integration based on foreign direct investment, which is direct investment into the production or business in one country by a company from another country Integration of the corporate sector where the investors buy or sell the stocks and bonds of other countries firm in domestic asset market The integration of the Banking sector through the interbank market, banks can borrow or lend temporarily Economic Globalization International economy improved due to the effect of globalization. Many countries remove their borders or create trade agreements in order to increase the inflow of trade as the consequence markets become more efficient, productive, competitive and cooperative. Examples of economic globalization are: NAFTA, EU and MNC’s. Technological Globalization New and advanced technologies take part in making globalization possible, using airplanes, satellites, telephones, televisions and computers it is possible to transfer information from one place to another, with greater efficiency and effectiveness which characterizes the modern world. In this way not only technologies are being transferred, but at the same time people are able obtain information, knowledge and skills. Political Globalization Economical and cultural globalization has as a consequence countries to become more interconnected politically. Regular movement of people, money and information creates a lot of fortunes but also misfortunes, such as crime, for that reason in 2002 the International Criminal Court was established to fight those sorts of problems. Other political issues that have been discussed on global bases are that of global climate change, the terrorism, drug traffic etc. Cultural Globalization Today the ease of expansion of traditional customs has brought Globalization of cultures, where people from different parts of the world can get closer to each other much easier. The symbol of the cultural globalization is the well known American fast food chain McDonald’s, it has more than 31,000 restaurants in 118 countries. Some menu products, such as the Big Mac, are the same all over the world. Other menu products may be specific to a particular region. McDonalds in Japan features a green-tea flavored milkshake. At McDonald’s in Uruguay, a “McHuevo” is a burger topped with a fried egg. Globalization has brought McDonald’s billions of customers-consumers worldwide. Other cultural trends that someone can find common in many countries are the music, clothes, film industries etc. Ecological Globalization Ecological Globalization refers to the collective impact that the diverse processes of Globalization have on the health of the natural systems. Due to Globalization people, money, ideas and pollution travel at high speeds and rates in every corner of the world. To address these issues, from Stockholm Declaration 1972-till date, lots of discussions have taken place of the needs and strategies for the protection of ecology and environment on a Global level. The UN Conferences from Stockholm proclaimed certain fundamental principles of international environmental law, such as Polluter Pays Principle, Precautionary Principle, Sustainable Development, Intergenerational Equity and responsibility, Common but differentiated responsibilities, Rights of individuals, equality of access to procedures and non-discrimination in environmental matters etc. These principles have been proclaimed after extensive investigations done by experts in their fields. Sociological Globalization The term social globalization refers to the impact of the globalization on the life and work of people, their families and their societies. Important issues like employment, working conditions, income and social protection are often raised and connected with this part of globalization. PRO ET CONTRA So far, we examined the types of global integrated nations, it means that every union (included two or more nations) may follow some of these specific patterns separately, or may include all the assortment of Globalization’s types, it all depends on the contracts between the members. From now on, we will examine the advantages and disadvantages that union members enjoy during the process of Globalization. 2.1 Advantages Free Trade: is a way of easier exchange of goods and services. The basis of the trade agreement is the elimination of import and export borders, through the reduction of any levies, duties, taxes, subsidies and quotas. The absence or reduction of some or all of those factors, usually leads to a significant increase of exchange of goods and services between the member states. Another important benefit of the trade agreement is the concept of comparative advantage. According to David Ricardo countries increase their economic well-being if and only if they are specialized in the production of goods at which they are best at and after on exchange the surplus of production with other goods of other countries. Greater Competition: due to the ease of free entrance in any member state, there is a tendency for private organizations from any field to enter free market, of course the purpose behind such action is only to gain more profit, but the whole problem is that to be competitive, companies have to reduce their prices to gain more and new customers since the more companies enjoy being in the market the more competitive and effective they have to be, firstly to be able to stay in the market and make sells and secondly to be able to make profit out of the whole process. Free movement of labor: free movement of labor force gives an external support to huge industrial entities to reach a higher level of efficiency (at lesser costs), it is not a secret that the biggest industrial companies in developed countries employ many foreign workers who are members of less developed states. In this case both parts are in gain the makers maybe because of deficit of domestic force or may be because of unwillingness of domestic labor to perform the specific tasks and jobs. On the other hand, labor force from less developed countries because of lower quality of life and maybe very high rate of unemployment are more willing to perform heavy or dirty jobs to cover their basic needs. Both of these phenomena show how important the free movement of labor can be. Increased Economies of Scale: as noted before, free trade leads to a comparative advantage (any country specialized at a particular subject at which it is most efficient). It can be also added that the specialization in one sector can lead to a better working mechanism (human/machinery) and achieve as better efficiency as possible. The result of specialization and better mechanization normally reaches larger productivity with lower costs (economy of scale) because of more effective use of resources. Investments: One other very important advantage of globalization is the investment. So when we talk about investment from the financial point of view, we mean the process of placing money into something with the expectation of gaining profit after specific or none specific period of time. Some examples of investment may be some sort of foreign equity, property and fixed interest securities. Corporations invest a lot of money into developing countries for personal reasons and very often transfer their production power to those countries. These kinds of actions give a huge incentive to both of the parties to achieve more profit (tax). 2.2 Disadvantages As we said before, free trade offers some very good advantages but at the same time there is one very important disadvantage of domestic inefficiency. To be clearer nowadays it is very difficult to create and sustain any new organization, even domestically. Huge international corporations simply do not give a chance to any new firm to operate in their fields, they usually produce products and services at much lower prices and bigger ranges than any new firm is able to. Great example of the kind organization is Microsoft, at the present Microsoft is one of the biggest corporations which specializes in anything that has to do with electronics, computers, hardware, software, electronic games and so on. Generally speaking, in some sectors Microsoft has nearly monopolized the world market and it’s very difficult for any new and small corporation to survive in this kind of competition. Environmental costs: there is another big disadvantage of globalization, the increased use of non renewable resources. Due to better and easier ways of communication between states, there is a tendency for more and cheaper resources. Every year millions of tons of raw material (rock-oil, gas, coal) is excavated from the depths of the ground and introduced for global consumption while nobody can predict what will be the real cost that people will have to pay in near future for such practices. Also one other problem of globalization is that corporations which transfer their operations to places where environmental standards are less strict. For example, this kind of problem is very common in China where foreign manufacturers that produce and utilize, occasionally follow practices that harm not only the environment but also the health of their employees. Labor Drain: may be the most important problem for the developing and developed countries. As we said before, one of the benefits of globalization is the movement of labor force. Although at first side it may not affect directly if labor leaves one country and migrates to one another, but if think of it thoroughly someone can see that along this labor force may also be potential or future potential intellects that may alter the world as we know today. As an example, we can mention the U.S.A who spends large amounts of money to attract and keep the most talented scientists from all over the world, it’s no coincidence that they are the biggest military power and invest a lot of money in new technologies. Less Cultural Diversity: one other problem of globalization is the global centralization of culture based on western ideology from the very young age. Unfortunately this is the reality, people from generation to generation are moving away from their traditional culture. People tend to emulate the behavior, the lifestyle, the way of life of the western civilization. They grow up watching the Simpsons, eating in McDonalds, drinking Coca-Cola, wearing jeans and speaking in English. After few decades, most European citizens will be people with common values, behavior, moral and ideologies. CONCLUSIONS From all of the above it can be concluded that globalization can offer many positive trends but at the same time many negatives, in a way it represents the old saying of one coin with two completely different sides. It may promote economies to grow, produce products and services that may have never been available in some parts of the world before, but at the same time it may endorse human exploitation, inequality and environmental unconsciousness.

Maryville University Advanced Adjuvant Management of Depression Discussion

Maryville University Advanced Adjuvant Management of Depression Discussion.

I’m working on a nursing discussion question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

Please respond to TWO peer’s posts with substantive comments using the following steps:Substantive comments add to the discussion and provide your fellow students with information that will enhance the learning environment.References and citations should conform to APA standards.Remember: Please respect the opinions of others, even if their views differ. In other words, disagree professionally and respectfully.Responses need to demonstrate critical thinking and analysis and include peer-reviewed journal evidence to support the student’s position.Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with in-text citations and corresponding references in APA format.1) Judi (Magnesium)2) Latonya (Melatonin)
Maryville University Advanced Adjuvant Management of Depression Discussion