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So they assumed that to attack the guns that are protecting the city of Sebastopol. Which of course sounded like suicide but they had to follow the order so they attacked the guns and failed. To the soldiers this seemed like no mistake as they had to attack the guns and they had to follow orders. Tennyson thought the light brigade was brave to charge into the guns as a cavalry something of bravery as they were clearly going to be outmatched ( which surprisingly was against the rules of war).

He shows this bravery by such quotes as “into the valley of death” this shows that the gauntlet they were about to face was going to be practically suicide for a misheard order which only 1 in 10 made it out alive so Tennyson describes it as hell and he emphasises that by saying “into the jaws of death” as the cannons were surrounding the regiment giving a more detailed description of what position they were in also he is describing that it is worse than hell.

But Tennyson thinks that the fact that so many died is irrelevant and that they should be remembered as brave heroes that led a brave charge into the unknown. In the poem Tennyson uses the rhythm of the poem like the thundering of the horses charging into battle “ half a league, half a league, half a league onward” shows how the poem is fast paced like the horses. There is also alliteration “horse and hero fell” this shows that Tennyson has respect for those that died due to their efforts and their sacrifice. There is enjambment “ … soldier knew (new line) someone had lundered” this shows that the line was hurried as to try to include a detail or to miss out the ‘blundered’ bit as he doesn’t want to advertise it as a mistake ( again with a fast pace which is flowing throughout the poem). He has also included metaphors such as “into the mouth of hell” this shows that the battle was like hell, which in Victorian times religion was in everyday society so it would cause more of an impact especially in the more richer people that would be reading poems as they tended to be more religious (except the obvious nuns etc. this poem states that war even though being bloody and brutal it can also be a heroic thing if you survive due to this conflicting opinion this poem is in contrast with the poem “dulce et decorum est” which has negative views on war. DULCE ET DECORUM EST -Wilfred Owen the poem ‘dulce et decorum est’ is mainly about he leading up to a gas attack, the gas attack, someone dying in the gas attack and the aftermath of the attack. The poems title ‘dulce et decorum est is sarcasm as the poem is negative while the title is positive.

The poem projects Wilfred Owen’s emotions as he witnessed someone dying horribly in the gas attack. And what the person that died probably felt physically. The atmosphere created by the poem is quite a dark, dangerous type “as under a green sea, I saw him drowning” this shows that there were dangers that killed a lot of people on the battlefield and as the war progressed those deaths would become more and more horrific, creating that dark mood.

There is a plentitude of similes “ like old beggars under sacks” this shows that the soldiers were deprived of luxuries and stuff that they used on a regular basis. In the war they had none of the good luxuries or even good essentials. “ like a devil’s sick of sin” this gives us an idea of the physical harm the gas was causing to change the face like that would be quite a lot and is quite a good piece of imagery. The other imagery used “drunk with fatigue” this shows that they are so tired from through war that they are almost drunk and/ or show qualities of being drunk ( falling all over the place). under a green sea I saw him drowning” this showed that the gas was the same colour as the sea (green) and it shows that he is falling into it slowly dissapering from sight, from life. “floundering like a man in fire or lime” this shows that the person is acting as if though he was consumed by fire or lime. This poem is literally powerful due to the phrases ‘speaking’ out directly to the audience such as phrases like “Gas, GAS! it gives the audience a sense of like they are there receiving the order from Owen himself, but in a more dilute way then actually experiencing the war first-hand, this shows that Owen has a negative view towards those that avoided the war and want them to try to experience the war in some aspect, Owen therefore has written the poem for those who have not been at war and those who were too cowardice to go to war. This poem has an irregular ‘A,B’ rhyme scheme it does rhyme in that style but only occasionally there is no constant rhyme.

There are 5 stanzas in the poem, the first is describing that most of the time you are sat slumped in the trench just holding your ground, whilst booming shells rain down decimating no-man’s land, the second stanza is describing just before the gas attack but the preparation of a gas attack and the stumbling of the soldiers trying to put on their gas mask to try to save their life, the third stanza is talking about a man’s last moments whilst he is being killed by the gas and lunging for help, the fourth stanza is talking about the aftermath, what happens to all those that died, they are just flung onto the back of a cart never to be remembered individually again and how the gas has made them look in-human possibly projecting what the enemy is onto their fodder, the fifth stanza Wilfred Owen talks about what he thinks of war and “the old lie, Dulce et decorum est pro parti mori”. In conclusion this poem is anti-war and hopes that people change their mind about war being glorious, unlike ‘in Flanders field’ which is MAINLY pro war. IN FLANDERS FIELD – John mcrae the poem ‘in Flanders field’ it is about the representation of in the first world war the soldiers ‘becoming’ the poppies and ‘being’ the poppies representing the blood over the battlefield and soldiers on the ground. The title in Flanders field talks about the field in Belgium where the background for this poem is set.

The tone of this poem is both a positive and a negitive sort, at first it shows madjesty and elegance with “the larks, still bravely singing, fly” but this poem is also negative “we shall not sleep” this shows that the dead will not sleep until the enemy is defeated or will not rest because they are now the poppies. The line “we are the dead” turns the poem around as it changes the entire perception of the poem as it changes the narrorator for the audience giving them the war from another viewpoint. Also the line “take up our quarrel with the foe” means the dead ant people to join their lost cause to try to do what they failed at of killing the enemy.

There is personification in the poem “ we are the dead” even tough corpses were once people, but that line animates them and adds a sense that they will not fully die until the side they were on wins. There is a bit of detail In this poem such as “poppies blow between the crosses” this shows that poppies are a sign of remembrance and also death and it gives us a sense of what it might be like with an abundance of poppies over the shelled grounds and resting place. “fly scarce amid the guns below” this shows that the birdsong which is normally common in fields in the country cannot be heard amongst the machine guns and the shells. This poem is quite positive towards war saying there will be someone else, unlike the poem the man he killed, which is about meaningless death and just because of an order.

The Man He Killed – Thomas Hardy The poem is about the death and the slaughter of many people because someone told them to, yet yet if they met in other circumstances the opposing sides would probably get on pretty well and go as far as going to the pub for a drink as stated in the poem. Yet they shoot and kill what could be a nice person or even a friend just because of the circumstances they met in, this creates a deep sympathy for those that died. The atmosphere is quite a sorrowful one & unhappy tone as this reflects the soldiers feelings of how they killed someone that caused them no harm and their views on the pointlessness of the killing. yes; quaint and curious war is, you shoot a fellow down” this is an interesting line as it says just about what happens in war someone kills another person with no real intention or provocation, and in the end it solves nothing a person looses life and it doesn’t matter. The could have been nice people but just because someone gave an order someone had to die. And so they will be forgotten. Another interesting line is “ I shot him dead because – because he was my foe” that is all that is stopping a soldier from getting on with another soldier one order, one choice of no they are on the opposing side.

In stanza #1 it’s saying if the narrator and the enemy met they would go into a pub and have a drink, in tanza #2 it talks about …but they met on the field of battle so they had to kill the person he could of got to have known, in stanza #3 it’s saying he did it because he was his foe so he had to kill him, in stanza #4 it’s talking about him joining the army because there was no work so he had to sell stuff to get money then him turning to the army as a last resort, in stanza #5 it shows the narrator of the poem reflecting about the war, how it forces people to go against one another and not people joining each other helping and getting to know one another. This poem is quite sorrowful unlike suicide in the trenches which has more of a darker plot about the effects war can induce on a person mentally not just by the enemy. SUICIDE IN THE TRENCHES – Siegfried Sassoon Siegfried Sassoon wrote the poem ‘suicide in the trenches’ it depicts a traditional simple British person who has joined up for war for fun or respect, he died by suicide he couldn’t take the mental and physical trauma of war. It is a short poem with three stanzas with a simple ‘A,B’ rhyme scheme but with this the poem ‘flows’ through with the same rhythm throughout.

This gives the reader a sense of sorrow and a sense of what happened by the way it’s supposed to be read. It is an unhappy and dark poem throughout. There is irony in the poem where the ‘simple soldier boy’ would be known at home in England he was forgotten in the war meaning even his family disowned him due to his decision to fight for the country when he could have stayed at home. Sassoon gives a really descriptive description of winter trenches cold, low supplies and snow which would have drastically changed the battlefield, “crumps” gives us the impression there is snow and thick snow to makes a ‘crump’ therefore the soldiers would be in worse conditions.

The term “empty joy” in the poem refers to the soldier being joyful but only on the outside like most other soldiers inside they hold a deep sorrow and feel empty due to this charade that they partake. There is a similarity between “ cowed and glum” in this poem and “bent double” like old beggars under sacks” which is in dulce et decorum est these two references are basically the same thing, they are both depicting soldiers being unhappy and slumped down in a fashion. No-one spoke of the soldier again because they were too busy trying to win at the war to remember anyone, especially a generic soldier, and also if they did remember they would be killed for cowardice so no-one could be remembered quite as much as they should have been.

Applied Business Research and Ethics

Applied Business Research and Ethics.

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Word Limit

Company ABC has produced a gene therapy technique that will reduce the development of microcephaly in the unborn babies of pregnant woman who have become infected with the Zika virus. The therapy requires the use of stem cells and company ABC will need a large supply of them to treat the wider community. Clinical trials have shown that when adult stem cells are used there is a 15% reduction in microcephaly. When embryo stem cells under 14 days old are used there is a reduction in microcephaly of 50%. When embryo stem cells over 14 days old are used there is a reduction in microcephaly of 100%.

Company ABC need a large supply of stem cells for their gene therapy technique but they are unsure of what type of stem cells to use. All they know at this stage is that they want to acquire the stem cells legally and ethically. Company ABC is a huge multinational company and can set up their laboratory anywhere in the world.

They have asked you to do some preliminary research and write a Report to help them decide what type of stem cells to use. In your Report you need to address the legal and ethical issues related to the use of stem cells, the unborn babies, the pregnant women and the potential for further international spread of the Zika virus.

Based on your Report Company ABC will be carrying out some further research to acquire the stem cells that you recommended. Before they can do that research they will need to get approval from the Ethics Committee. So, they need to be aware of the ethical issues when they are designing their research. They want you to briefly outline the steps that they should undertake to ensure that their research is ethical. They will also need to know the essential ethical components that they would have to consider. So, you need to address that in your report.

You do not have enough words in this assignment to cover all of the possible steps and components for all the different types of research available. As you do not know what type of research that Company ABC might decide to use (to acquire the stem cells) you will need to choose one type of research and address the ethical issues related to the steps and components of that particular type of research.

Format of the Assignment

This assignment is to be presented as a full formal report (including letter of transmittal, executive summary etc)

MBA8000 ASSIGNMENT 2: Marking Criteria

Structure and format

Below the standard required.
0 – 49%
Meets acceptable standard.
50 – 64%
Exceeds acceptable standard.
65 – 74%
Far exceeds required standard
75 – 100%
The student has not submitted an error free manuscript and/or has failed to adhere to the required format as follows:

•        Incorrect formal report style

•        Not within the word limit

•        Contains grammatical and/or typographical errors

•        Contains referencing style errors

The student has mostly submitted an error free manuscript and has generally adhered to the required   format as follows:

•        Correct formal report style

•        Within the word limit

•        Contains few grammatical and/or typographical errors

•        Few referencing style errors

The student has submitted an error free manuscript and has adhered to the required   format as follows:

•        Correct formal report style

•        Within the word limit

•        Contains few or no grammatical and/or typographical errors

•        Minor referencing style errors.

The student has manuscript that is exemplary and adheres to the required format as follows:

•        Correct formal report style

•        Within the word limit

•        Contains no grammatical and/or typographical errors

•        No referencing style errors.

COMMENTS
MARK     

Introduction

Below the standard required.
0 – 49%
Meets acceptable standard.
50 – 64%
Exceeds acceptable standard.
65 – 74%
Far exceeds required standard
75 – 100%
The student has failed to provide a sound introduction and does not clearly align it to the question proposed. The student has provided an acceptable introduction and aligns it to the question proposed. The student has provided a sound introduction and clearly aligns it to the question proposed. The student has provided a comprehensive introduction and clearly aligns it to the question proposed.
COMMENTS
MARK       / 10


Literature review (For stem cell research and ethical steps and components in research design)

Below the standard required.
0 – 49%
Meets acceptable standard.
50 – 64%
Exceeds acceptable standard.
65 – 74%
Far exceeds required standard
75 – 100%
The student has presented a literature review that is below the standard required based on the following:

·       Does not provide an adequate coverage of known research.

·       Does not show evidence of a depth of analysis

·       Shows little evidence of an appropriate standard of information literacy techniques.

·       Is largely descriptive with limited attempt to review and critique the information provided.

·       No evidence of alignment to the overall research question.

The student has presented a literature review that is acceptable based on the following:

·       Provides an adequate coverage of known research.

·       Evidence of an acceptable depth of analysis.

·       Shows emerging mastery of appropriate level of information literacy techniques.

·       Is largely descriptive with some attempt to review and critique the information provided.

·       Shows some alignment to the overall research question.

The student has presented a literature review that is very good based on the following:

·       Provides and sound coverage of known research.

·       Evidence of a good depth of analysis.

·       Shows some mastery of appropriate level of information literacy techniques.

·       Is generally not descriptive with a high standard of review and critique of the information provided.

·       Shows clear alignment to the overall research question.

The student has presented a literature review that is excellent based on the following:

·       Provides an excellent and detailed coverage of known research.

·       Evidence of an excellent depth of analysis.

·       Shows mastery of appropriate level of information literacy techniques.

·       Is critical and analytical and reviews the information provided to a high standard

·       Shows clear alignment to the overall research question.

COMMENTS
MARK      / 30

Use of theory and recommendations

Below the standard required.
0 – 49%
Meets acceptable standard.
50 – 64%
Exceeds acceptable standard.
65 – 74%
Far exceeds required standard
75 – 100%
The student has not used any theory to inform their recommendations. The student has used theory to inform their recommendations The student has a very good understanding of theory and used it well to inform their recommendations The student showed an excellent understanding and use of relevant theory to inform their recommendations
COMMENTS
MARK     / 30

Ethical steps and components in research design

Below the standard required.
0 – 49%
Meets acceptable standard.
50 – 64%
Exceeds acceptable standard.
65 – 74%
Far exceeds required standard
75 – 100%
The student has not identified a particular type of research or mentioned the ethical steps and components for that research.

 

The student has identified a particular type of research and mentioned some of the ethical steps and components for that research.

 

The student has clearly identified a particular type of research and outlined most of the ethical steps and components for that research.

 

The student has clearly identified a particular type of research and discussed the ethical steps and components for that research in depth.

 

COMMENTS
MARK     / 20

GENERAL FEEDBACK

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