Drivers Of Csr Corporate Social Responsibility. CSR is the positive steps an organization takes in the way it functions, to give benefits to the community, and ways in which it can return to the community from which it has taken so much to get itself established. CSR is now internationally used tool to measure and compare the firm’s performances economically, socially and environmentally. The idea is to build a sustainable business that benefits the market and communities. It does this by maximising the benefits given to the local people like giving them work or employment and caring for their health etc especially for those who live near the factories. It cares for the community and the people. CSR does development work like building the infrastructure like the roads so that the people also benefit on daily basis. The important drivers include- Enthusiastic self interest Investment in the society Honesty with public Increased public expectations of business by contributing to the economy Through these drivers a close loop between society is achieved and there is a better understanding between the market and labor. By CSR orginizations contribute to the physical infrastructure and social capital is seen as the primary interest. Companies keep themselves open to public; accountability to the public is reported, organizations regularly pay taxes to stabilize the society. Iot takes some burden away from the government by helping build the country. It serves the nation by developing its economy and infrastructure. These drivers use strategy to give better services. They define the inventories/ business case by analyzing the programs they approve and then charter approval is based on the service portfolio and authorization. Chartering includes the communication and the resource allocation. CSR is an important activity internationally because of the globalization. Organizations who serve globally benefits from CSR. The key driver is social investment, by engaging in public policy CSR drivers lead the companies to good leadership and ultimate good business. Through these programs there is better and closer relationship with the investors and the stakeholders. The customers, benefits a lot and the communities grow by better and growing economy. (Source: http://positive outcomes.com.au) CSR gives real business strategy. The survey made in 2002 by Ernst and Young show that about 94% of companies believe in CSR. It influences about 70% of all consumers and their purchasing decisions. Ernst and Young (environmental and sustainable services principle state) Corporate Social Responsibilty is now the basic factors that decide the consumership and their choice with the companies. The core drivers of CSR are: Growth in stakeholder exceptions. The responsibility for the supply chains. The decreasing role of the government. The pressure from the share holders. Mr. Doug Miller 1999 conducted an experimental survey on CSR. Results indicated that consumers wanted higher social and environmental goal. The dying role of the state is an another driver or CSR because of the diminishing participation of the state, the stakeholders are benefiting and their exceptions are rising. Some basic drivers of CSR include: The standard employees; companies must keep standard employee and employ them on the basic of the quality of their work. With the competition in the market it is difficult for companies because employees opt for companies that here better visibility and are working for the sustaining communities. The IBR report (International Business Report in 2008 state that they were facing employee retention and this became the main driver for CSR. According the Moller, Jam Heltand from Great Thornton, Denmark ” business ethics is the key factor for recruitment and retention in Denmark is tight labour market, privately held business ignoring CSR issues are facing future skills shortages that will threaten their global competiveness. Managing Cost: To be sustainable it is recommended that every company should ensure that they keep their expenses as low as possible. By good operating procedures and keeping a check on the quality the costs of the companies is examined. E.g to manage the level of the toxic gases and the greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide is a challenge. It accounts to a large cost of the country. The countries responded very positively o this driver and engaged in CSR activities. Many countries like brazil rate this drvier one of the most effective means to check the company’s performance. Brand building: Companies believe that if they involve themselves in CSR it will bring fame to their companies. They will get famous and will get promoting. By involving themselves in corporate social responsibilities companies get the positive wind from the consumers. This drives the companies to work for the welfare of the people. Engaging in social work rather than a public image becomes important as the company progress and moves towards the global market. Benefits by pay the tax, the company must pay the taxes and keep its system transparent so that is comes into the public listing most companies desire to listed. Case Studies: Different companies have different activities to keep their brand names up. SAP: For public interest SAP focus on education and to keep the community involved they educate people to spread awareness and keep the children away from youth suicide. The organization facilities the communities by providing them with resources like school based life skills to stop the people from committing suicide. To support these programs Australia supports these agiences by providing staff and volunteers. Sun Microsystems: A leading sponser of musica viva’s first and only prime sponser. Through making links with an IT industry it benefits musica viva by benefiting it through giving it the opportunity of networking within the corporate sector resulting in opening it to the sponsers. Musica viva get promoted as customers gain increasing awareness of its activities and performances. Musica viva achievers its objectives of taking beauty and music into the lives of ordinary Australians and bringing arts and the corporate world together. It is like a mutual benefiter. Sun gives technical knowledge and help the market to reach the musica viva and music viva provides it the chance to give the community their culture back through giving them music. IBM: To promote web based society, IBM makes and provides the training material for education of web to the senior citizens. Other citizens that have knowledge of web pass with computer knowledge. HP: HP received a gold award from community chest of Singapore for raising millions of dollars for charity in 2003. This fund raising increased the employee participation to 50%. They met their challenge by wearing gladiator costumes they set their goal of competing with other IT industry leaders to raise charity. HP won it. Microsoft: Working with the world food programs, save the children and mercy corps it provides technical development assistance through the humanitarian empowerment and response through technology. Throughout the world the organization are using technology to spread humanitarian efforts. Investor Relations: For ethical practice in CSR business the organizations good investor relations and consider it an important factor of. Among other countries Vietnam is the leading country keep that maintains good relations with its investors. It gives a lot of importance to its investors.countirs like india ,turkey etc are emerging and consider it a driving factor of success.they believe that the investors make it possible for the company to meet the varying need of the customers.some countries donot think that good investment is a main driver because some established companies can finance their own efforts.such countries include developed contries like the Usa, Singapore japan and the europeon countries.the countries donot really agree investor relation to be the major drivor of CSR.The tactics used by the leading companies to engage the public is that they do welfare programs. The use low cost programs o deliver the public goods and accumulating the needs of the public and then meeting them in the market demand. They work by reducing the cost as compared to the other companies and meeting the quality due to the competition with other companies.Economies of scope: Mostly the corporate companies try to give better products to the producer.mainly these corporate firms have an established setup of the manufacturing industry.they can supply the latest technology.this really assists them to have the ecomomies of sale and makes their chance better of saling their product at a competitive price. Due to industry and experience they have edge over other companies.this also benefits the consumers because they don’t have to try another product and risk with it. External pressure from the investors and the consumers: Companies offer portfolios that shelter the social considerations. They use social and environmental policies and use it as a marketing tool. The companies study and take benefit from the market survey. Benefits come to the investors when its capital increases and they are attracting more stakeholders and not taking anything from the government by releasing its burden by contributing positively to the country and making its economy healthier. The investors donot pressurise the companies to practise CSR. They have to be convinces that CSR is a powerful tool to build a healthy economy for a country and make it rich. Social funds are minute and have to had much impact on the corporations. They can not exert pressure on the share prices and influence the organization’s attitude. Social funds can then also claim that the investors have not really given them the considerations. There are no clear evidences that can claim that there are differences between the two. It is a question whether or not social funds can produce CSR outcomes. Social fund managers compete with each other to find the investors and compete to keep investment criteria thus acting like fund managers. Due to social pressure investment firms then comes with the outcomes in the industrial sector. The social fund managers also focus on demands like the ones that carry sustainability and recycling. This is termed as eco consumerism. This helps them to capture the investors. This puts the pressure on the investors and they have to act ethical and respond to the ecological demands and act as socially responsible. Consumers also help promote CSR by making the appropriate decisions by buying the product produced by the company that used the CSR practice. If the consumers pay some insurance money regularly to the CSR brands the organizations will get an incentive to work for the environment. The benefit the companies gain by CSR compels the non users to also indulge in CSR practice. Government pressure: With increasing awareness about industrial carbon footprint, all corporations and entrepreneurs of all scale are trying to configure a newer, more eco-friendly and more socially responsible setup for the overall workflow. Some corporations tend to donate to environmental and social causes hence improving their business reputation; others develop a team based on a variety of races and other social diversities hence sending a message to the consumer eventually. This entire paradigm also tends to secure a certain underwriting from related government bodies. Engagement of government to these responsibilities not only ensures a health corporate growth but also help the government to breach into the areas where its resources fall short. With a given form of a government support, corporations offer a flexible working plan to its employs and also tend to invest the available potential into areas like waste management and energy efficiency, which finally benefit the government itself. So it becomes a complex loop of collaboration and shared benefit. Phenomenon of global warming has also been taken seriously by innumerable corporations, especially the ones with higher carbon footprints. Their major production decisions take into account these climatic changes and their policies are constructed around a socially and environmentally sounder vision of society. Similarly, governments (especially agrarian based societies) also endorse animal adoption- related corporate policies. Similarly bigger (first world corporations) favor various support programs for children (especially living in the third world) and there are health-related support groups as well. Apple for instance launched a complete campaign of its products dubbed Product Red to endorse African Aids victims. ‘ The corporate get the advantages from the CSR. They work to keep the society flourishing and some work to keep their names high. There are many who get benefit from the CSR: the company,the consumer rhe stakeholders etc. Tax advantage: The greatest incentive for the companies working and practicing CSR is that they get exempted from the payment of tax to the government because they are already doing a lot of good social work and keeping the environment sustainable. The developing countries like India benefit a lot from it. Brazil is another country taking most from this advantage. But this also implies that the organization’s company should keep transparency in their taxation and must also have standard employees. This then allows them to be public ally listed. Measuring corporate Social responsibility : It is very important to know the basics of what you are going to do. And that is how you can achieve the task. Thing is how you will know that how you have to do that. No one tells the rules and the techniques of their way of work that makes their style copied by someone which degrade them. For example if u have to prefer in two different types of working then what will you decide in the two? The company which treats with their employs harshly and give you a good product or The company which treats with their employs softly and gives you a bad product. Corporate Social Responsibility measures to apply international national regional industry local and organizational aspects. And the characteristics are no unified terminology no unified definition no defined content no overall standards. On the other hand finance is also a major problem in controlling and measuring corporate social responsibility. In different companies the financial rate is different and the techniques to control the financial issues are different so the responsibility of measuring varies on finance of the company if the finance is controlled and used accurately will do better job then the company with the bad or uncontrolled finances. To control the finances of the company one should see the expenses of the company and use the expenses in a rite way at rite time. The way one could manage the finance of a company is my announcing the social corporate responsibility investments. It also got some problems in it different companies have different criteria of their own so every company use their own aspects in making of social corporate responsibility investments. To balance and control the financial reports audit is used to manage the accounts of the company and to check the finances of the company. And to make the balance between two companies one should give some rules on which the company should have to give the answers about certain questions which can balance the two companies n make then work in the same criteria. And also understand the way of increasing their work objective to get the firm run in a better way. That is how a company or a firm or industry can understand that what is the need of the people and what are the requirements of the people and what they have to do or work on to get the required results. Every company will have to see whether they are performing well in their field or not whether they are giving the fine results to the people or not or whether these companies are satisfying everyone including themselves. Big firms and industries have to see that they must not be polluting the environment which is the biggest problem in industrial zone now a day. To manage all the things accurately the measuring corporate social responsibilities have to work in on it hard. To balance the way of working and the importance of work variably that what type of work needs more importance n what need lesser so that the result would be overall balanced and relatively equal to all others. Check on the managing the things done by the other companies that what are they doing and how are they doing the aspect of their work as relevant to the other companies. To see the equilateral input and output of the company as compared to the other company. The advantages of indulging in CSR: Economies of scope: It means that overall the production price for the company can decrease if they increase the number of products produces that have similar raw material. Using the some company name they can come up with various goods and services. They can also work in collaborations with other firms that produce similar products, and site near the source which manufactures the product. This is achieving the economies of scope. Economies of scope are cost advantage because instead of providing a single product and polishing it and making it better and special they can increase their output. Economy of scope can also exist if the one company makes various products under the same name with good quality and lower price than a group of separate firms each producing a single product. Economies of scope can be achieved when one input can be used to generate more variety outputs. This reduces the overall cast. They exist in home healthcare, telecommunication etc. e.g the research team of one company is capable of researching on a number of products ,their team work can cut down the cost by producing a number of products. Most of the corporate companies that have established their companies can offer better sale and advantage to the producers because they have an established setup (factories, technology, communication, transportation etc.). to help produce various products. They are able to give the products cheaper than the others with a good quality as compared to the ones who have stared their business and lack the experience. The companies with experience as able to make best use of the raw material at less price and during the production phase they waste little energy. They will have better graphics due to the skilled labour and consumer study and better technology for the packaging as well. They save a lot of money at the production stage and then they can pass some benefit to the users and buyers. Drivers Of Csr Corporate Social Responsibility
Mathematics homework help. Gender Appropriate and Inappropriate BehaviorsRecent headlines have sparked heated debate about whether boys should be allowed to dress as girls. For example, a 5-year-old boy in Seattle who enjoys things traditionally for girls, such as jewelry, the color pink, and dresses was supported and encouraged by his mother, who wrote a book about him called ?My Princess Boy?. A J. Crew ad featured a mother painting her young boy?s toenails hot pink (CBS News, 2011 April 13). Reactions ranged from outrage and disbelief to support of the mothers.On the flipside, girls who shun traditionally ?girly things? such as dresses and flowers in favor of more traditional ?boy things? such as watching or playing sports, rough-and-tumble play, and choosing boys as friends are often called tomboys.For either sex, choosing to engage in activities traditionally reserved for a specific sex can result in teasing and accusations of homosexuality.Using research gathered from your textbook, online course content, and at least 1 research article, analyze the above scenarios.Are the behaviors discussed above (i.e., preferring things traditionally acceptable for a specific sex) indicative of homosexuality? Why or why not?Describe the psychological consequences (positive and negative) that might result from engaging in behaviors reserved for a specific sex?Develop an argument for or against concern that these children might be exhibiting a paraphilia.Which paraphilia(s) might apply and what criteria would you use based on the research?What, if any, intervention would you recommend to a parent whose little girl or boy expresses the desire to engage in behaviors typical of the opposite sex? If you do not believe intervention is necessary, explain why.Write an essay that is 3-5 pages in length. Also include a cover page and reference list. Remember to support your arguments with information drawn from the online content, the textbook, and other credible, scholarly sources to substantiate the points you are making.ÿ Apply APA standards to for writing and citations to your work.The paper should be double-spaced 12-point typescript, Times Roman font, with 1-inch margins all around, and free from grammatical errors.ÿCBS News. (2011, April 13). Boy in pink nail polish sparks online outrage. Author. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/04/13/earlyshow/living/parenting/main20053508.shtmlMathematics homework help
Power and influence 2 page SLP ESSAY (trident). I’m working on a Resume Writing question and need guidance to help me study.
For this assignment you will be continuing to write about your own workplace experiences as they relate to power and politics. Think of one of the largest political battles you witnessed or were apart of during your career, and think carefully about how the concepts from the background materials apply to what you experienced.
In preparation for the SLP, make sure you have a thorough grasp of the terminology from the background materials including the main individual and organizational factors that lead to political behavior and the types of political behavior. Once you are comfortable with the terminology and concepts from the background materials, write a 2- to 3-page paper addressing the following issues:
Briefly describe a political battle that took place in your workplace. Explain who the main players were and what issues were at stake.
What individual and organizational factors led to this political battle? Refer to the background readings in your answer, and in particular pages 877-883 of Robbins (1997).
What types of political behaviors did the participants in this political battle exhibit? Be specific and use the types of political behaviors discussed in pages 297-301 of Luthans et al. (2015).
Do you think any of the participants behaved unethically during this political battle? Use the ethical framework discussed on pages 896-898 of Robbins (1997) to guide your answer.
SLP Assignment Expectations
Follow the assignment instructions closely and follow all steps listed in the instructions.
Stay focused on the precise assignment questions, don’t go off on tangents or devote a lot of space to summarizing general background materials.
Make sure to cite readings from the background materials page. Rely primarily on the required background readings as your sources of information.
Include both a bibliography and in-text citations. See the Student Guide to Writing a High-Quality Academic Paper, including pages 11-14 on in-text citations.
Power and influence 2 page SLP ESSAY (trident)
Respond in a short memorandum addressed to your boss, Natalia Higuera, Executive Director of RASA. Your memo should draw on what you have learned in this course about the potential for social and political change through litigation. Specifically, discuss Rosenberg’s criticism of the ‘dynamic court’ thesis and his arguments that courts are ill-suited for generating social change. Some questions you may wish to consider: Under what conditions, if any, is the court a viable agent for social change? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the courts – including both legal and extra-legal (persuasion, agenda-setting, legitimacy, etc.) forms of power. What are the dangers of reliance on the court? What are the advantages? Your paper must discuss Rosenberg and The Hollow Hope in depth, and may include any other course readings that seem relevant. You may also use outside sources, though these are not required and I encourage you to be judicious in their application.
MLA formatLearning Objectives:Students will demonstrate their ability to construct arguments about issues of both personal and universal significance. Their writing should demonstrate that they can construct cogent, concise, and logically coherent arguments.Assessment:Students should demonstrate that they can distinguish the relevant points that form a logically coherent argument. They should also be able to construct criticisms which effectively undermine, through the use of appropriate counter-examples, some premise of that argument.Your assignment is to read any ONE of the following four articles located in the final chapter of the required textbook:(Will give more info)Then, FOR THE ARTICLE YOU CHOOSE TO WRITE ON, you will type a 1000-1500 word response in which you address EACH of the following points IN YOUR OWN WORDS: 1) What is the author’s main argument? 2) How does he support his main argument (evidence, ancillary arguments, etc.)? 3) Do you agree or disagree with him? 4) Why or why not? 5) Apply the insights of at least two of the readings we have studied in this course (in chapters 1-9) to your analysis. Make sure to give a substantive explanation of how the philosophers’ insights are relevant to the topic you are discussing. DO NOT USE ANY SOURCES OTHER THAN THE DALRYMPLE ARTICLE AND YOUR TEXTBOOK.
Bryn Mawr College ?Importance of Social Media and Education Thesis Paper
essay writing service free Bryn Mawr College ?Importance of Social Media and Education Thesis Paper.
I want to talk about “YouTube in the KSA(4 pages )” AND “The Importance of Social Media for Education(Mention YouTube as well here as a conclusion)”(6). I have attached an example, therefore see for more details. See pages 20 and 23 and use different content. Please review my example and write a high-quality paper. In the end please send the sources that you used, so I can easily track the pieces of information.Here are the instructions you must follow if you are ready to do this work.All resources must be academic, reliable, and new.Sources that will be accepted are strong books, academic articles, NO web reference will not accept. The sources used must be copied and put in a pdf document and included. The place where these resources refer to must be put in YELLOW or highlighted so I can know where to look for it. This will make it easier for me to find the location to track the information. These sources used must be included with your work.As you write and revise the information please make sure that it follows what came before it and leads to what comes next. This way it will make the document smooth and clear to the reader.You may use direct quotations, mark them as such, and cite them. However, please do not plagiarize anything because I am using 2 types of software that can detect it immediately.Please check your work before sending it to the theme to make sure there are no grammatical or punctuation errors. Any of these errors will make the work unacceptable and will not ask for revision.All content, references, tables, or any other item must follow APA 7th edition [email protected] use your own words and avoid being biased or [email protected] be of high quality and the very best you are able to do.Again as you know and worked with on my previous paper, the main focusing is on YouTube
Bryn Mawr College ?Importance of Social Media and Education Thesis Paper
Gender Studies homework help
Gender Studies homework help. This is a paper that requires the student to research and evaluate company’s several aspects of the company’s organization. The paper also provides additional guidelines to use in the writing and submission of the assignment.,Evaluate company’s several aspects of the company’s organization,Research Paper, The purpose of the Final Paper is to demonstrate a culmination of the learning achieved in the course by describing your understanding and application of knowledge in the field of international business.,Focus of the Final Paper,Select a company that you are familiar with and also write a paper that evaluates several aspects of the company’s organization with respect to the concepts that were learned in this course. In the Introduction, please provide historical background of the company and also its financial and international dealings. The paper should be eight to ten pages in length (excluding the title and also reference pages, appendix, exhibits, etc.). Choose four of the following topics to explain:,Culture of the organization – values and norms, Ethics in international dealings, Foreign Direct Investment, Entry into the markets, Accounting practices, How it converts currency, Its international strategy, Strategic positioning, Marketing tactics, Your assignment must include at least one table and/or figure within the body of the paper that supports one of the four selected topics. Use proper APA formatting for the caption of your table(s) or figure(s). Additionally, you are required to use in-text citations, and to provide a reference page with at least 10 references, with a minimum of two from the Ashford University Library.,Text, Hill, C.W. & Hult, G.T.M. (2019).International business: Competing in the global marketplace (12th ed.). Retrieved from https://redshelf.com/,Chapter 20: Accounting and also Finance in the International Business, Web Page, Additionally, globalEDGE. (n.d.). Reference Desk (Links to an external site.). Retrieved, https://globaledge.msu.edu/reference-desk,It will provide you with rich information that you need for developing your Research Paper and also doing business globally.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Gender Studies homework help
Comparison Between BCS And ACM
This report intends to summarize British computer society Code of Conduct and comparing it with different codes of conduct that has a significant in fact in IT profession. However Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is important in IT profession because it dedicates in advancing technological innovation and excellence for the benefit of humanity (ieee.org, 2010). And Association for computing machinery (ACM) is also important because it is able to advance computing as a science and a profession (acm.org, 2010). Moreover, all the codes of conduct mentioned are found relevant to the case study which will be discussed in detail in the report. The report is going to describe how the professional codes of conduct comply and how it does not comply with the case study below. Furthermore, the report breaks down the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis which talks about the strength and weakness of the case study in detail. The report covers all the important of code of conduct in the case study and the factors that influence the strategic as well as the day-to-day operation of the case study. Finally the report’s reflective analysis explored how all the aspects of the research are conducted. Code of conduct The code of conduct simply defines as a set of regulatory rules of professional conduct which has been adopted by the Board (Merritt, R. 2008). Impact of code of conducts Codes of Conduct have a significant impact within the IT profession. They maintain the level of professionalism and ensure that IT professionals, their employers and the public at large have a clear idea of the expected standards of the profession. For example, it is unlikely that an employer could sack an IT Professional for failing to carry out work which the employee could demonstrate was unethical in terms of a code of conduct. If an employee was sacked under these circumstances, he/she would be able to demonstrate to an Industrial Tribunal that they had adhered to the Code of Conduct while the employer had failed to do so. (sqa.org, 2010). British computer society(BCS):- Describes the professional standards of practice relating to the contemporary multifaceted demands found in information technology (IT).It applies to members of all grades, including students and affiliates, and also non-members who offer their expertise as part of the BCS Professional Advice Register.(bcs.org,2010). The Codes governs the personal conduct of individual members of the BCS, who are requested to notify the Society of any significant violation by another member. Any breach of the Code brought to the attention of the Society is considered under the BCS Disciplinary procedures.(bcs.org,2010) The following are main areas that BCS covered Duty to the Profession:- All Members of the BCS code of conduct should be able to have a wider responsibility to promote public understanding of IT – its benefits and drawbacks, encourage and support fellow members in their professional development and, where possible, provide opportunities for the professional development of new members, particularly student members and uphold the reputation and good standing of the BCS in particular.(bcs.org,2010) Duty to Relevant Authority:- As a Member of the BCS code of conduct you should be able to avoid any situation that may give rise to a conflict of interest between you and your relevant authority.(bcs.org,2010) Professional Competence and Integrity:- As a Member of the BCS code of conduct you shall seek to upgrade your professional knowledge and skill, and shall also maintain awareness of technological developments, procedures and standards which are relevant to your field and encourage your subordinates to do the same.(bcs.org,2010) The Public Interest:- In your professional role you shall have regard for the public health, safety and environment, you shall have regard to the legitimate rights of third parties and conduct your professional activities without discrimination against clients or colleagues.(bcs.org,2010) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) code of conduct:-IEEE is one of the world’s largest professional associations dedicated to advance technological innovation and excellence for the benefit of humanity. IEEE and its members inspire a global community through IEEE’s highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and educational activities. (IEEE.org, 2010). The following are examples of the IEEE code of conduct. (IEEE.org, 2010). To accept responsibility in making decisions consistent with the safety, health and welfare of the public, and to disclose promptly factors that might endanger the public or the environment. (IEEE.org,2010). To maintain and improve our technical competence and to undertake technological tasks for others only if qualified by training or experience, or after full disclosure of pertinent limitations. (IEEE.org,2010). To treat fairly all persons regardless of such factors as race, religion, gender, disability, age, or national origin; To assist colleagues and co-workers in their professional development and to support them in following this code of ethics. To reject bribery in all its forms; Association for computing machinery ( ACM) is also one of the world’s largest educational and scientific computing society, delivers resources that advance computing as a science and a profession. ACM provides the computing field’s premier Digital Library and serves its members and the computing profession with leading-edge publications, conferences, and career resources. (ACM.org, 2010) The following are examples of what the ACM code of conduct covers.(ACM.org,2010) Strive to achieve the highest quality, effectiveness and dignity in both the process and products of professional work. Excellence is perhaps the most important obligation of a professional. The computing professional must strive to achieve quality and to be conscious of the serious negative consequences that may result from poor quality in a system.(ACM.org,2010) Acquire and maintain professional competence. Excellence depends on individuals who take responsibility for acquiring and maintaining professional competence. A professional must participate in setting standards for appropriate levels of competence, and strive to achieve those standards.(ACM.org,2010) Know and respect existing laws pertaining to professional work. ACM members must obey existing local, state, province, national, and international laws unless there is a compelling ethical basis not to do so. Policies and procedures of the organizations in which one participates must also be obeyed. .(ACM.org,2010) Accept and provide appropriate professional review, quality professional work, especially in the computing profession, depends on professional reviewing and critiquing. Whenever appropriate, individual members should seek and utilize peer review as well as provide critical review of the work of others. .(ACM.org,2010) Comparison between BCS and ACM. Both the BCS and ACM are design to guide ethical decision making (7th pacific Asia Conference, 2003) They provide little assistance in the identification and resolution of ethical dilemma as they both tends to be national in scope by increasing the complexity of international decision making for IS practitioners. They both have to take responsibility for maintaining professional competence. They both maintain the level of professionalism and ensure that IT professionals, their employers and the public at large have a clear idea of the expected standards of the profession. Both the BCS and ACM are responsible for the ethical regulation of computer professionals. Comparison between BCS and IEEE They both improve the understanding of technology. They both maintain and improve their technological competence. They both assist their colleagues and co-workers in their professional. They are both committed to improving the competitiveness between companies Case study Wirral is one of the Britain’s leading component manufacturers. It has over 500 branches around the world with more than 1500 staff and many business activities. All the business activities are well supported by IT systems. More over the company was earlier a family business in Ellesmere Port Cheshire in 1960s.It started as a radio and television repair business. And eventually, the company was able to set up its own manufacturing operations and began to expand into other areas that include supplying of components and assemblies for mainframe and mini computers. The company is able to submit a successful bid for government contracts for the supply of radar equipment and weapons guidance systems in 1980s. And recently submitted a bid to supply hardware component for the proposed national identity card system. Meanwhile the company now grew to accommodate its growing market with euro trailers and European motor ways. The following are company’s business activities. -Manufacture and assembly of components -Engineering drawing production