Domestic And Foreign Policies Essay, Research Paper
Domestic and Foreign Policies
Throughout our history, many policies have been made to cover with domestic or
foreign issues or struggles. One illustration of domestic policies were the reforms FDR
created called the New Deal. An illustration of a foreign policy was that of containment
used after WW2.
In the 1930 & # 8217 ; s our state and many others around the universe went through a
fiscal depression. The Depression was largely attributed to the stock market clang in
1929. President Hoover who served before FDR tried legion things to seek and assist
remedy the depression. But by the clip FDR was elected in, the depression was still really
much nowadays. FDR was unfastened to many different thoughts to seek and repair the economic system. The
authorities plans he initiated were portion of his domestic policy called the New Deal.
President Roosevelt wasted no clip one time he got into office. Within the first One-
Hundred yearss of his first term he made more of import alterations than old presidents
had made in the whole 1920 & # 8217 ; s. The president clearly showed the state that he would seek
and repair the jobs with all he could perchance do.Some people called FDR & # 8217 ; s, New Deal,
alphabet soup, because the reforms were new authorities bureaus with acronym
abbreviations. One belief of President Roosevelt was that the authorities should assist the
needy straight. One new authorities bureau implemented in 1933, that demonstrated this
belief was the Public Works Administration or the PWA. The PWA put people to work
by holding Bridgess, main roads, dikes, and other public undertakings built. One really of import
alteration that FDR made was set uping the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The
FDIC provided insurance on a bank depositors money through the assistance of federal financess.
This manner the federal authorities would reconstruct a lost history for up to 100,000 dollars.
FDR was doubtless one of the best leaders our state has seen, but it wasn & # 8217 ; T
so easy for him. Two of the plans Roosevelt instituted were declared unconstitutional
by the Supreme Court. The National Recovery Administration enabled codifications that called
for, or encouraged concerns to hold upon just monetary values. One concern complained that
these codifications were excessively much like Torahs. Therefore, the NRA gave legislative power to the
president that he shouldn & # 8217 ; Ts have had. The supreme tribunal declared the disposal
unconstitutional. A similar instance was brought to the supreme tribunal. It said that the codifications
that went along with the Agricultural Adjustment Act that had required a revenue enhancement were besides
unconstitutional. In response to the supreme tribunal opinions FDR tried to raise the figure
of Judgess that sit in the supreme tribunal from 9 to 15. He wanted to name justnesss that
shared the same positions as his on. The Congress didn & # 8217 ; t O.K. of the program.
Directly following universe war two the United States and the Soviet Union emerged
as the two ace powers of the universe. Although the two states were Alliess during the
war, after the war they were common enemies. The U.S. strongly apposed the political
progresss the Soviet Union was doing. Directly after World War 2, The Soviet Union
was rapidly back uping communist revolutions within the states of Eastern Europe.
Finally, they even gained control of most of these states. The U.S. saw the Soviet
Union and communism as a menace to free life. Our authorities rapidly developed a policy
of containment toward the spread of Communism throughout the universe.
By the United States practising the policy of containment, it engaged itself into
what is known as the cold war. The cold war didn & # 8217 ; t contain existent combat between the
two states. It was the practicing of their foreign policies towards each other in order to
prevent or addition universe power.
Directly following WW2, President Truman instituted the
Truman Doctrine. This philosophy said that the United States would back up those states
that were in danger of be taken over by Soviet influence. Using the Truman Doctrine and
Marshall Plan the U.S. sent one million millions of dollars in assistance to European states to forestall the
rise of communist parties.
The United States besides tried to deter the Soviet Union from distributing
communism by fall ining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO. NATO was an
confederation between 12 states with the United States as the key participant. The two states
began to vie against each other in many assorted ways. In response to NATO, the
Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact, which was an confederation between the Soviet Union
and the Soviet orbiters of Eastern Europe. The Soviet Union beat the U.S. to infinite
which motivated the U.S. to turn out the U.S. infinite plan was far more superior to the
Soviet.All these Acts of the Apostless of our authorities were apart of our policy of containment towards
the Soviet Union and their influence by non wining any power to them.
In the 1950 & # 8217 ; s and 1960 & # 8217 ; s the United States raised their attempts in their containment
policy. They didn & # 8217 ; t want to see Soviet and communist influence move across Asia. In the
50 & # 8217 ; s the U.S. began a war with the Soviet supported North Korea in an attempt to incorporate
communist influence over South Korea. The U.S. and other states that were members of
the United Nations sent military personnels down to South Korea to seek and incorporate the North
Koreans. The South Korean forces were largely made up of U.S. and South Korean
military personnels. The U.S. was successful in their containment of Soviet influence but lost over
50,000 American lives. In the early 60 & # 8217 ; s the United States and the Soviet Union about
went to war when the United States learned that the Soviet Union was hive awaying atomic
missiles on the island of Cuba. Because Cuba was so close to the U.S. it was a direct
menace on U.S. security. During this event called the Cuban Missile Crisis President
Kennedy sent the U.S. Navy to barricade Soviet ships with atomic arms that were coming
into Cuba. The U.S. and Soviet Union were on the threshold of war but they resolved the
One of the most influential actions taken in our state & # 8217 ; s history in the support of
containment was our states determination to step in in Vietnam. Our engagement was
about an exact repetition our engagement in Korea. Under President Eisenhower we sent
military forces to South Vietnam to develop them in order to support themselves from
communist North Vietnam. Under The following president, President Kennedy, we were
directing even more assistance to Vietnam to seek and forestall what the U.S. saw as a possible
communist return over of Southeast Asia. When President Johnson took over after
Kennedy was assassinated our engagement in Vietnam increased. Johnson saw that the
South Vietnam authorities wasn & # 8217 ; t able to get the better of the Communist on their ain. But the
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution is what enabled Johnson to direct military assistance. From Johnson & # 8217 ; s
presidential term through to President Nixon we saw engagement in Vietnam that finally
ended in United States failure. We left the state of affairs unfinished with the South Vietnamese
to complete without U.S. assistance. With Nixon came the beginning to the terminal of the cold war and
foreign policy of containment. Nixon began to pattern a foreign policy called vitamin D? tente
which was an effort to cut down tenseness between the United States and Soviet Union.
These policies whether domestic or foreign are greatly influenced by our states
presidents. There effectiveness reflects on the presidents ability to take, and the character
and attitude of the general populace. These policies frequently have a great impact on our society.
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