I already have work done some work, but the professor ask that:The area to work on is the connection with our class material. Since this prompt is about socialization there are two key areas to be sure to cover: 1. how these shows influence the content of socialization i.e. the components of culture that these shows teach children and 2. how these shows affect the process of socialization, i.e. how we acquire that culture.I really need someone to fulfill what he is looking for to add to what I already have. Please be detailed and thorough apply sociological terms and theories that relate to the topics I’ve learned. The Assignment Question:Briefly summarize any 3 Disney Movies (i.e The Lion King, Cinderella, Pocahontas). What themes do you identify as dominant terms of messages being given to children? What aspects of our culture do these movies show teach to children and what aspects of socialization do you see in these shows?Thorough application to sociology is absolutely necessary. All outside sources will need citations. Around 2-4 Double Spaced. Referring to textbook is not necessary. The goal is to answer the question,integrate class material in support, and answer shows mastery of subject.Topics we learned in class:- What is sociology- Cultures- Groups & Networks- Socialization- Social Stratification- Race and Ethnicity- Gender- Capitalism and Economy
Disney Movies, Identify Themes,What aspects of culture and socialization does it show/teach kids ?
Understanding The Values Of Social Work Practice Social Work Essay
I will discuss both the personal and professional values that influence social work practice and discuss a particularly challenging experience I had with two service users who came for counselling where myself and a qualified social worker was to assist the service user. The names of the service users have been changed to ensure confidentiality. An important thing to recognise regarding values in social work practice, according to the Central Council for Education and Training in Social Work (CCETSW) is that “values are integral to rather than separate from competent practice. Therefore there can be no such thing as value free social work practice. Such is the influence of values in social work practice that CCETSW set out six core values, that the student must demonstrate competence in, before she/he can be awarded the Diploma in Social Work. The first of these values is: “to identify and question their own values and prejudices, and there implications for practice”. It is not easy to recognise your own values, as often they are unconscious ideas or views, which can only be challenged or changed, when brought to the conscious level. Personal, societal, political and cultural experiences influence the values that an individual develops, so it is important to become aware of these influences. The values people hold affect the way they act and treat other people, without an awareness of this people can unconsciously act in what may be perceived as an oppressive and discriminatory way. Another of the core value requirements of CCETSW 1995, and one, which highlights one of the dilemmas faced by Social Workers, is: “Promote people’s rights to choice, privacy, confidentiality and protection, while recognising and addressing the complexities of competing rights and demands”. (CCETSW 1995). To illustrate this difficulty what follows is a description of a challenging practice I have experienced, during a counselling session I had with a women whom I shall call Jane. Jane came for counselling because she was in a violent relationship. She described how her husband both physically and mentally abused her, and that she had a history of abuse from controlling men. She had returned to London from Pakistan where she and her husband lived, after he had once again abused her whilst she was in the process of deciding whether to stay in Wales or return to her husband in Pakistan. Her husband has two children from a previous relationship, for which he has custody, although this was not a particular concern for Jane, for me there could be a conflict of competing rights. Jane had a right to privacy and confidentiality, but the children had a right to protection. Confidentiality in instances such as this “…may be breached, where it is demonstrably in the client’s interest or where there is an overriding concern for the rights of other people, when for example the behaviour of the client may endanger others”. (Social Care Association 1988). Had my role in this been that of a Child and Family Social Worker the rights of the Children would have been paramount. As I worked with Jane I became aware of my own values which were urging me to protect her, and wanting to encourage her to remain in London . Only by reflecting on my practice did I become aware, I could have become another controlling male figure and missed the opportunity to enable her to take control for herself. Jane made her decision to return to her husband in Pakistan, I did not hear from her again for one months, after which time she made another appointment to see me – this time with her husband who I shall call Bill. When they came to see me and my colleague I was aware that I had seen Jane on her own previously and was careful to ensure the things she had talked about were kept confidential, and that I did not accidentally disclose these to Bill . Jane had told me her story from which I had developed my own picture of Bill, before even meeting him. Bill was a large man, very loud and appeared aggressive at first, I was a little concerned about the safety of Jane, myself and my colleague, in that first meeting. When writing my notes after the session, and analysing what went on, one of the questions I had of my practice was: What had Bill done to make me feel threatened? He did not verbally or physically attack me, or make any threats, after reflection, I felt it could have been because he was different. Bill was from a different culture of Pakistani Pataan descent, he was tall and a heavily build, and his way of communicating was to shout as that is how he got attention. If I were to work positively and constructively with Bill, I needed to act in an anti oppressive and anti discriminatory way, to ensure that he received the same respect that all clients have a right to, and that I treated him as a unique individual. According to Egan (1990) respect means prizing the individuality of service users, supporting each service user in his or her search for self, and personalizing the helping process to the needs, capabilities, and resources of this client. Effective helpers do not try to make service users over in their own image and likeness. On the other hand, respect does not mean encouraging service users to develop or maintain a kind of individualism that is self destructive or destructive of others. Egan (1990 pp65) Having recognised my own personal prejudices, I was able to identify more clearly the strengths Bill had and to build on them. This had quite an impact on future counselling sessions. Bill valued being listened to and respected, his voice level lowered and he stopped to listen to Jane which gave her the opportunity to tell him how she felt. As we progressed the counselling relationship became more of a partnership, we looked at the different ways they communicated, Bill began to ‘own’ the violence he had previously denied and Jane grew in confidence, and was able to express her own needs and expectations. We agreed to set tasks and goals each week that enabled them to check their progress, which further empowered them. Empowerment is a term widely used, and often misunderstood as giving your power to someone else; there are several definitions but this one, I think, describes it well: It is commonly assumed by many that empowerment involves taking away the worker’s power, However, if this is done, it will of course make him or her less effective and therefore of less value or use. Empowerment is a matter of helping people gain greater control over their lives, helping them to become better equipped to deal with the problems and challenges they face – especially those that involve seeking to counter or overcome discrimination and oppression. (Thompson, 1998b, p9) To empower is to enable people to increase control of their lives, not to control others, Bill needed to recognise that by taking control of his life, he also needed to control his behaviour not to control others. Empowering is also helpful in letting clients see their problems in the wider socio-political context as in the case of Jane. -for example, by helping a woman who has experienced violence at the hand of her partner to become aware of the broader social problem of domestic violence and it’s links with male power in society, so that she does not see her own situation as simply an unfortunate development or, worse still, something she has brought on herself (Mullender, 1996). Through this experience Jane found the confidence to stand up to Bill, telling him she would only return to the marriage if things changed. Bill found a more constructive way of communicating, he became more open to looking at change, and I learnt a lot more about my own personal and professional values and their influence on practice. There are a few theories that explain the development of our own attitudes and values. Thompson (1993) developed a “PCS model”. The P level is our thoughts, feelings, actions and attitudes although an individual can also be shaped by the culture we live in. The C level is showing the interests and influence of society as reflected in the values and norms we receive during socialisation. Finally the S level is basically the structure of society we live in. Even though we have individual thoughts and attitudes, the people we share our lives with shape them and they in turn are shaped by the norms and values passed to them by society. As I have discussed, values have a major influence on Social work practice, the personal values we have affect the way we act from birth through to old age, and our values can change as we develop, both personally and professionally and they can conflict with each other. The core values set by CCETSW underpin the work and enables Social Workers to work in an anti oppressive and anti discriminatory way and these values have changed over time and I would suggest, will continue to change when necessary in the future. It is essential that Social Workers have and awareness and knowledge of these values as they have a significant affect on the vulnerable service users they work with.
Chinese Population’s Lifestyle and Diseases Research Paper
essay writing help Table of Contents Introduction Causes of Diabetes (Types 1 and 2) The Problem of High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Diseases The Problem of Smoking in China Conclusion References Introduction China is the world’s most populous country, which has about one-fifth of the world’s population. Since the early 1950s, total life expectancy in China has grown more than 2 times. However, some global processes, such as globalization, urbanization, and cultural interaction, have led to the popularization of the Western lifestyle in China. This circumstance, along with bad habits, which are widespread in this country, has resulted in an alarming situation. Nowadays, China is facing health problems, which are the same as in higher-income countries, such as the UK and the USA. That is why it is essential to analyze the prevalent lifestyle choices and diseases in China, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, and diseases caused by smoking. Causes of Diabetes (Types 1 and 2) Type 1 diabetes is commonly characterized by deficient insulin production, and its exact cause is unknown. Type 2 diabetes develops when “the body uses insulin ineffectively” (Wu, 2016, para. 3). This type is the most widespread in the world, and it is the result of overweight and lack of physical activity. A comprehensive study found that “about 110 million people in China have diabetes of types 1 and 2” (Wu, 2016, para. 1). Thus, one in nine Chinese adults has diabetes, and 30 percent of diabetics around the world are Chinese. Furthermore, about 1 million people die in China every year because of diabetes (Wu, 2016). The most concerning fact are that nearly 40% of these deaths are among people below the age of 70 (Wu, 2016). Doctors say that such an active growth in the indicators of this disease appeared because of poor nutrition. To be more precise, Western eating habits, such as fast food, containing much cholesterol, have become popular in China. Another factor that leads to the development of diabetes is excessive consumption of sweet foods in conjunction with a sedentary lifestyle. According to statistics, currently, in China, more than 30% of adult citizens are overweight (Chen et al., 2016, 4). More than that, Chinese children are at risk of developing diabetes because of unhealthy lifestyles. Statistics show that “more than 4 in 5 adolescents 11-17 years do not get enough physical activity” (Wu, 2016, para. 7). Therefore, rates of overweight and obesity among children are increasing sharply: from less than 3% in 1985 to around 10% among girls and 20% among boys in 2010 (Chen et al., 2016). That is why this problem is one of the most challenging for China and requires taking urgent measures. The Problem of High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Diseases Another serious health problem in China is high blood pressure. The research revealed that nearly half of the Chinese between 35 and 75 suffer from hypertension (Du, Patel, Anderson, Dong,
The Carnival Cruise Lines
Carnival Cruise Lines is a global cruise company and one of the largest vacation companies in the world. CCL generates all of its revenues from the cruise industry. The company’s wide-ranging product offerings provide guests with exceptional vacation experiences at an outstanding value. The success in providing quality cruise vacations has made CCL the most profitable company in the leisure travel industry. Carnival Cruise Line’s stock is dually listed on both the New York Stock Exchange and on the London Stock Exchange under symbol CCL. It is the only company in the world to be included in both the S
Medulla Oblongata: Function and Location
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Medulla oblongata The medulla oblongata is a very interesting part of the brain. This very small section of the brain stem has a very large amount of responsibility in the human body. Studies concerning this section help in the understanding of many basic biological functions of the body. Some of the actions are ones that we don’t even notice are happening on a day-to-day basis but are very important to human life. The medulla oblongata has many different connections with other areas of the brain, plays a key role in several functions of the body, has neurotransmitters that are involved in the functioning of this area, has diseases that can greatly affect its roles in the body. The medulla oblongata has many connections to other areas of the brain. The medulla oblongata is the most inferior portion of the brainstem and is about three centimeters long. It slightly bulges out of the brain stem. It is located in between the pons and the spinal cord. The axons that carry sensory information to and motor instructions from the higher brain regions pass through the brainstem. It creates tracts that allow communication to pass through from certain sides of the brain. These tracts house fibers that cross each other in pyramidal region of the medulla oblongata allowing the brain to communicate with the opposite of the body. Vital nuclei located in the gray matter of the medulla oblongata are used for cranial nerves. The medulla oblongata has many different functions in the body. These functions are being performed at all hours of the day, many of them without contribution from other sections of the brain. One main function is relaying signals between the brain and the spinal cord. The medulla helps with coordinating very large body movements liking jogging or climbing. The medulla houses portions of the brain that control what is considered automatic homeostatic functions as well as some primitive organs (Campbell and Reece 2008). The cardiac portion constantly sends inhibitory impulses to the heart to tell it to slow down. This portion also sends acceleratory impulses through the spinal nerves to make the heart beat faster whenever it may be necessary. The vasomotor portion sends impulses via spinal nerves through the spinal cord to muscles walls around arteries causing them to constrict. This constriction of arteries will cause blood pressure to rise. The respiratory portion houses respiratory nuclei that control the depth and rate of breathing. The medulla oblongata also plays a role in reflex responses. The capability to respond quickly to a stimulus can be very important when there is a need to survive. Reflex responses include swallowing, sneezing, vomiting, coughing, and digestion. A lot of these functions are involuntary or start off voluntary and then transform in to involuntary functions. The activity of the medulla oblongata rely on axons that reach many areas of the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum, releasing neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine. When under stress, norepinephrine relays messages to the brain that control reflex reactions and ability to pay attention. Like epinephrine, norepinephrine also triggers the fight-or-flight response. The fight-or-flight response is directly related to heart rate. It causes glucose from energy being stored to be released and blood flow to increase to muscles that enable the body to react as necessary. Norepinephrine raises blood pressure when used as a drug. This raise in blood pressure causes a correlated drop in heart rate. Dopamine, another neurotransmitter in the brain, opens dopamine receptors also affecting blood pressure and heart rate. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that deals with mood. Excessive aggressive, sadness, or jealousy is linked to the medulla oblongata. Acetylcholine is used in the motor division and cross over in the medulla oblongata. It is involved in muscle movement, autonomic body functions, and excitatory reactions. Many diseases and disorders affect the medulla oblongata. One disorder is a very rare and often fatal medullar abscess (Wait 2009). A medullar abscess is viewed as a condition of rapidly progressive multiple cranial nerve palsies and decreased level of consciousness (Wait 2009). Multiple system atrophy is a neurological disorder that degenerates nerves cells located in areas of the brain including the medulla oblongata. This disease can cause the loss of control of autonomic functions such as bladder control, movement, and coordination (Benarroch 1997). Damage to the medulla oblongata can cause several functions of the body to be thrown off and even death. Because cranial nerves run through this section of the brain injury there can cause several sensory problems. For instance, injury can cause numbness or paralysis of the palate and throat causing drooling and a lack of taste. This numbness can also obviously cause problems with speech. It can also cause gagging, inability to rotate the neck, and acid reflux. Surprisingly if a person suffers from brain damage their body can still function if the medulla oblongata is not damaged. However, damage to the medulla oblongata can cause the need for a breathing machine or other life support equipment. If the medulla oblongata is damaged sometimes the brain and body can recover and no longer need the use of a life support machine, but often the body cannot recover and a person is considered to be brain dead. In this stage, the removal of a life support machine will mean a person’s body will no longer function and that person will die. A great assortment of medications and drugs can also alter the state of the medulla oblongata. Overdoses usually result in death because the medulla oblongata cannot carry out its functions under that amount of a specific drug. Opiates, coma, and hypothermia can affect the medulla oblongata in ways that cause the body to exude physical conditions comparable to death. Anesthesia is able to function as it does because its chemical components cause the medulla oblongata to decrease its autonomic functions. References Benarroch E, Smithson I. 1997. Distribution and relationships of neuropeptide y and NADPH-Ddiaphorase in human ventrolateral medulla oblongata. J Auto Nerv Sys. 62(3): 143-146. Hashimoto M, Hatasa M, Shinoda S. 1992. Medulla oblongata germinoma in association with Klinefelter syndrome. Surg Neur. 37(5): 384-387. Wait S, Beres E, Nakaji P. 2009. Bacterial abscess of the medulla oblongata. J Clin Neur. 16(8): 1082-1084. Campbell A, Reece J. 2008. Biology. 8th ed. 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