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Management, Leadership, and Ethics in Security Organizations
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Organic Foods and the Endocrine System Research Paper

Table of Contents Introduction Organic Foods The Endocrine System How the Endocrine System is affected by pesticides The Way Forward Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The general population is always trying to get means to better their lives by ensuring good health and a suitable environment. Organic foods seem to provide amicable solutions to these two issues. The organic food production makes a huge contribution to supplementing of diets. An interesting fact is that organic farming is also proving beneficial for the environment. Though there are certain aspects which need to be considered in respect to organic food production, it has generally been shown that organic farming better than inorganic farming. This paper is going to examine how organic foods aid the endocrine system in ensuring the wellbeing of the body in general. Organic Foods Organic foods refer to those foods produced with the use of “synthetic chemicals, genetically engineered materials, sewage sludge of irradiation” (NRDC 1). The livestock are also not spared in this campaign either since it is not only crops that provide food. The livestock must be reared with organic feed, in the outdoors and must not have any intakes that intend to influence their growth (FMI 1). For instance in the United States foods termed as organic “must meet or exceed the regulations of the National Organic Program (NOP)” (FMI 1) and also that of United States Department of Agriculture, USDA, (NRDC 1). This means that organic foods have to meet certain requirements without which they would not certified. The growing interest in organic foods is astounding, statistics as of 2007 showed that 1.2 million people were “organic producers” and 32.2 million hectares of land globally was certified for organic production (Oates et al. 2). An article in 2005 showed that 81% buy organic food for “nutritional” reasons, 77% for “freshness” while 67% to improve their health (FMI 1). It is even evident that there is diversity in reasons that lead to consumption of organic foods. What sparked interest in organic foods? Organic foods owe much of their popularity to people shunning foods that were produced in manners that harm the environment and put their health at risk since they depend on chemicals (NRDC 1). Many people are convinced that these foods can be used as measures taken in order to promote good health thus avoiding diseases in the long run (FMI 2). The environment is a beneficiary of organic production in the sense that since the use of pesticides and chemicals is decreased, then “local wildlife” is not affected and the farm proves to be more productive since they “produce less waste” (Birgenheier 1). The question then is how are organic systems connected to the endocrine system? Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Endocrine System The endocrine system is an internal system of glands in the human body (they are also found in animals) whose main work is to produce hormones (GreenFacts 1). These hormones are responsible for “reproduction, metabolism, growth and development” (Hormone 1). Examples of hormones include insulin and sex hormones i.e. oestrogen (in females) and testosterone (in males). Examples of the glands with various distinct functions in the body are: the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, pineal glands and the gonads i.e. ovaries and testes (GreenFacts 1). How the Endocrine System is affected by pesticides Pesticides and other chemicals normally used in farms results in their “residues” being present in the foods harvested and also in our surroundings i.e. air, water and soil (Ken 64). These toxins have been linked to “respiratory problems, neurological disorders, cancer and reproductive problems” (NRDC 1). Other undisputable evidences have been confirmed by researchers in different places: at the University of Missouri, research showed men in “agricultural areas” have a less sperm count compared to those in New York or Los Angeles, at the University of Rochester linked the use of a fungicide to Parkinson’s disease and at the University of Wisconsin, the effect pesticides and fertilizers on the immune and endocrine systems was established (Ken 65). These adverse effects imposed on our health cannot be overemphasized. The toxins will lead to what is known as the endocrine disruption which is the change experienced by the endocrine system as a result of a “foreign substance induced in the body” (GreenFacts 1). The endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are the responsible agents of change and they affect our system in the following ways: they attach to the body’s “hormone receptors and mimic the hormone” (EDCs 1) resulting to the hormones not performing their work hence the body will either produce or stop the production of enzymes that will deal with the hormonal imbalance created (EDCs 1). Some diseases associated with this hormonal imbalance include: “cardiovascular endocrinology, diabetes, growth disorders, hormone abuse, menopause, osteoporosis, pituitary disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome, reproductive endocrinology, thyroid conditions” (Hormone 1) among others. Since there is an option out, then organic foods are the way to go and all efforts should be directed at suitable alternatives. We will write a custom Research Paper on Organic Foods and the Endocrine System specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Way Forward There are challenges facing the organic production currently. Precise and exhaustible studies comparing organic foods and inorganic foods and their exact health effects are yet to be fully carried out (Oates et al. 5). The current studies at best establish links and results obtained are not standard since they would differ with geographical location. Another challenge is the variation in “certification requirements” worldwide means there is lack of a set of standard of “uniformity” (Oates et al. 4). On the consumer’s side, organic foods cost more and otherwise it would even have had more popularity (FMI 6). Efforts are being put in place to counteract this, for example advertising is an effective tool that will definitely catch a consumer’s attention and have positive influence toward organic food consumption (FMI 6). Organic foods are also being incorporated in schools and restaurant menus as it continues to grow (FMI 6). Not all farmers need to seek certification provided they are practicing farming that aims at reducing environmental harm and health risks (NRDC 1). Conclusion Organic foods though expensive as of now, with more publicity and continuous use, the prices will come down and consequently enabling people to reap the benefits of its intake. Research pertaining to organic food production is essential in settling consumer’s minds who are accustomed to inorganic foods. Since they definitely prove to have lesser contents of use of pesticides and other fertilizers, people ought to resort to them as they almost guarantee no endocrine related diseases. Certification settles the consumer’s minds because it shows that the foods were made under strict regulations that have been adhered to. There is a need for more research to be carried out to prove that organic food production is not harmful to the body and if it is then way should be developed to make it safe for human consumption. Works Cited EDCs. How EDCs affect our Endocrine System. Organic Food Directory, 2008. Web. FMI. Natural and Organic Foods. Food Marketing Institute, 2007. Web. GreenFacts. Scientific Facts on Endocrine Disruptors. Green Facts, 2011. Web. Not sure if you can write a paper on Organic Foods and the Endocrine System by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Hormone. The Endocrine System: Diseases

Reflection on Incident in Radiography Clinical Placement

python assignment help Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Introduction This assignment will look at an experience during the clinical placement by focusing on the reflection model to demonstrate the effect of reflection on different clinical incidents that a radiographer might experience in the radiology department. The reflection can lead to get a deeper insight and understanding of events in the aim of gaining essential skills for the future. At the beginning of the assignment, it defines the semantic and conceptual meaning of reflection then looks at its advantage and disadvantage. In the next stage, a narrative review of learned experience in the clinical environment is described using Gibbs reflection model. The main purpose of reflection on the narrative incident would be learning and practising the different approaches to deal with pediatric patients. Finally, by using the critical thinking and reflection practice it will consider the weakness and strengths to improve them as a desirable future plan. At all stages of this essay, the confidentiality will be maintained and the concept of communication, consent, dignity and respect will be taken into consideration. (SOR, patient identification, confidentiality and consent 30 September2009) What is reflection? John Dewey introduced the concept of reflection for the first time in 1933 and several definitions have been provided for that so far. In a simple word, the reflection means to review and analysis of past experience and its consequences to learn more about the experience to achieve more favourable results in the future. Basically, reflection is the assessing process of individual activity and ability to get brief feedback from the path he/she has travelled and found out how to travel the rest of the path and helps individual to reach the ideal goal. It includes the effect of something that appears in others or in the environment. For example, a person wants to take a bus to get to school but he misses the bus, so arrives late at school. He definitely feels stressed and the incident makes him anxious. It is expected that he will think about why he was late in school so he assesses his activity. For the next day, he /she makes the decision to get up and go to the bus stop earlier to avoid missing the bus again for getting to school on time. It would be a simple example of reflection that every single person would go through every single day. Totally the main goal of all these reflections would be managing the future activity in a more appropriate way. In other words, it is a cognitive process that occurs before, during and after the events in the aim of creating a deeper understanding of the situation so it is a self-regulation process that controls and evaluates the cognition process. In health care practice reflection is a strategy that leads to integrating the theoretical knowledge and clinical practice by linking the previous experiences and current situation. In a reflection process personal experiences are considered as the most important factor in developing knowledge and strengthening clinical skills that might encounter a similar clinical situation in the future. Reflective thinking plays an important role in daily basis radiographer activities. Once a radiographer is doing an activity, he or she must go through a thinking process to reflect on his activity either while the activity is being done or after it has finished. Reflection impresses the thoughts, puts theory and practice alongside each other and strengthens self-regulation and motivational mechanisms. It avoids superficial learning and leads to a deep and meaningful understanding. It is a kind of critical thinking and finding truth in the form of self-evaluating to find the more desirable solution to manage plan with the goal of compensation of deficiencies. In terms of reflection benefit for students, it combines the activities and thoughts to link them to each other therefore students would be able to digest the information properly and this will promote the process of encountering incidents. It is one of the key skills to learn from experience, self-assessment and self-supervision to retain competence. Reflection can happen at any time and for any reason including improvement and development of knowledge, creating creativity and helping to overcome the assumptions that might make about others. Reflection on actions will be informed the individuals from beliefs, values, emotions, personality , strengths and weaknesses of their performance by deeper thinking about the experiences. For example, in medical practice, it is necessary to expand communication with the patients and is one of the areas that need to be considered by the health care professions to reflect on it regularly. Essentially, using a reflective model is a way to challenge the assumption, to explore new ideas or new ways of doing something or thinking about experiences to recognise their strengths or weaknesses and ultimately it leads to the lifelong learning. The component of a good reflection includes linking the past experiences to the present and future, considering the experience from different aspects and solutions for improving the process of reflection. The type of reflection model used by different people depends on the individual’s point of view, therefore, the model that a person feels more comfortable with would be the most suitable and best model for that person. How do we reflect : Models of reflection are varied and each has a specific structure and technique that needs to be considered to follow the assumptions. To achieve outstanding consequence it is necessary to go through the steps continually and run them precisely.Most of the models are composed of a cycle or a list of question that the person who wants to reflect on his/her activity needs to follow those. Gibbs model (1988) is one of the popular circular type models which consists of 6 reflection stages. In this assignment, Gibb’s model of reflection has been used. It considers the feelings and emotions surrounding the experiences. According to the Gibbs model, the first part of the cycle is a purely descriptive part that needs to support by specific information and the short description of the experience or event. The second part of the cycle refers to the emotions and feelings of the individual in regards to the experience. Basically, it is not analytical but is a descriptive part that describes the personal feeling, thoughts, action and reaction in prior to the experience, during the experience and after the experience. Third part which is known as evaluation part is again not an analytical one but is about the quality of proceeding the experience whether it finished successfully or not. This part makes a positive or negative judgement about the experience and focuses on the good and bad or advantage and disadvantage aspects of the experience. Forth part represents a comparative and analytical stage of reflection on experience which analyses what has been achieved during the experience in practice with whatever is in theory. This step tries to explain the causes and consequences of action during the event and indicates how the positive consequences could further improve or how can diminish the negative consequences. Next stage which is known as conclusion part reconsiders the experience to find the different things that could have done in the situation. It represents the weaknesses and strengths of the practical experience and what have learned from the experience. This stage considers the gained experiences to find if the experience that is achieved meets the required criteria of competencies and learning goals. This aspect sums up all the specific things which are learned from the experience. The last part of the Gibbs cycle would be called an action plan includes actions that could be done in order to be better prepared for the experience in future to cope with similar events. It considers the things that should be prioritised in the future to get a desirable outcome, for example, the action plan could be participating in some training. Have good critical thinking can lead to an effective reflection practice. It means thinking from a different point of view and have a wide range of insight and being able to evaluate the events in detailed would be an important factor to reflect effectively. From another side of view identify the qualities, strengths and limitation of the daily activities and adopt appropriate changes to improve them can help to create an effective reflection. Description of the incident: An eighteen months boy has been referred to the radiology department accompanied by his mother and a nurse on a chair from the pediatric department for a chest x-ray examination. Based on the Clinical history he had 3 months regularly cough, fever, weight loss and whizzy chest and query(?) pneumonia. After washing my hand in terms of infection prevention on the arrival I found the baby who was in his mother’s arm looked really poor. It seemed that the little child was distressed by the new environment. I tried to make a contact with the patient and his mother by introducing myself as a student of the radiographer and the radiographer who supervised me. The poor baby was looking really strange with a kind of fear to the area and I found that he was largely reluctant to cooperate with us and scared. Firstly I asked his mother to consent on his behalf to participate in the procedure and then check the patient detail to be the right patient. I explained to his mother what is going to do during the examination and asked the mother to put the baby on the bed then I put a big size pad foam and a big size image receptor behind the child on the bed. It seemed that everything was going well so far, but as long as I moved the x-ray tube the baby started crying and screaming and moved from his position. It was a challenging case that I have not experienced it before and made me anxious and scared me as he could not stop crying. We had some colourful books and toys in the department so one of the radiographers brought some for the little baby and put in front of him to calm him down then we left the baby and his mother for a while.He was entertained by toys and nearly his restlessness reduced. After a while, we tried to proceed the procedure but as long as the mother left the kid he moved away from his position and tried to grab the x-ray tube. The radiographer asked the mom to wear a lead and stand near the baby to immobilise him and another radiographer wore another lead to grab the patient attention by her funny activity in front of him and keep him sitting unmovable in his seat. Feeling : At the beginning of the examination before starting the procedure I was quite anxious as it was my first experience to deal with the pediatric patient. I was completely covered in sweat but I tried not to show any concern on my face to avoid making the patient and his mother nervous. Also, on the arrival when I saw the poor little baby I became sad because of his condition but still wanted to do my best to help him during the procedure. Basically, in prior to the examination I did not think coping with this incident could be such a difficult. Evaluation: I think in this incident one of the valuable skills that I learned was about proper communication with the pediatric patients especially I was impressed by the radiographer funny performance to distract boy from the x-ray tube to keep him immobilised. Although the incident was quite challenging and the patient was really difficult to cooperate we finally could proceed with the examination as best as we could. From my point of view, the negative part of this incident that might scare the boy is related to my performance and ability to make a proper relationship with the little boy. The way that I moved the x-ray tube scared him so he started crying and the examination did not go well at the beginning but finally, the proper behaviour of radiographers in establishing a good relationship with the child advanced the examination well. Analysis: It seems that the patient’s distress was increased as a result of facing with the new environment and equipment so it was quite tough to cope with such an incident and environment. The noisy equipment, uncomfortable and painful positioning during examination seems to be a frightening and stressful place for pediatric even though for his mom, therefore, it easily made them anxious. That’s why the pediatric patients tend not to cooperate when the parents leave them alone during the procedure so parents involvement and their presence during the procedure would be beneficial to reduce the pediatric stress and anxiety to proceed the examination successfully. For example, in this case, the radiographer advised the parent to participate in the examination by holding her child in a most comfortable position and guide him to cope with that. Actually, the parents play an important role in immobilising their children during the procedure to achieve high image quality and avoid to repeat the examination and exposing the child more. The parent anxiety could escalate the pediatric stress as well so explaining the process of examination for parents in prior to the examination such as what is going to do and how long does the procedure take could reduce their anxiety. The other important thing that the radiographer needs to be considered in prior to the examination is consent from the patient. It is necessary to get the patient permission to proceed the examination. I think personally in this case because the patient is a pediatric it is quite important to ask the parent if she agrees to do the examination on behalf of her child. Reflective conclusion: From my perspective, introducing yourself to the patient at the beginning of the examination is the first contact with the patient ,so to have a good relationship with the patient the first contact needs to be as much friendly as possible. Also, communication with pediatric patients is quite different from adult patients. It means that I have to communicate with them on their level.(patient care in radiography 9th edition,2017) Action plan: As far as I am concerned the experiences like this make me aware of my ability and limitation(strengths and weakness). For example, I learned how to make effective communication with the little child and his mother for the similar situation in the future as the effective communication between radiographers and patients would be vital in the health care environment in order to achieve an optimum quality of examination. For the future plan, I fully understand that each patient has different needs and definitely it was one of the most important outcomes of reflection on this incident for me so I will try to do my best for the future if I encountered this kind of situations. Conclusion: One of the most significant aspects of working in the health care profession would be delivering a high quality of care and treatment to the patient. Radiographers as one group of the health care professionals need to deliver the best services to the patient within their responsibility therefore in this path they are expected to do their best to achieve the most excellent outcome. Although there are different barriers that can prevent radiographer from delivering desirable services to the patients they must try to deal with the obstacles in a proper way. To get the outstanding result they always require to reflect on their actions to improve their performance.Essentially, reflection is a tool that needs to be used extensively in health care profession and clinical practice by health care professionals such as radiographers and nurses in all daily basis activity to improve their skills and ability to assist the patients. (the college of radiographers, 1999). References Society of Radiographers.(2009).Patient Identification, Confidentiality and Consent: Further Guidance 2009.Retrieved from College of radiographer(SCOR). (2002). statement of professional conduct [pdf file], (p. 9). Retrieved from Hall,M.

HIST 1301 Houston Community College Civil War and Reconstruction Essay

HIST 1301 Houston Community College Civil War and Reconstruction Essay.

Essay Four: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1860-1877Potential essay topics. Choose one:Evaluate the most important political crises that led to southern secession and war. What drove the North and South apart leading up to the election of 1860?Analyze the multiple steps by which emancipation and abolition resulted in the end of slavery as a consequence of the Civil War. Consider, fugitives, the military, Congress, and President Lincoln’s actions.Explain the abandonment of freed slaves and black civil liberties by the federal government in the 1870s. Why did the North and federal government fail to secure and protect black equality?Format:1000 wordsDouble space10 or 12 point fontStandard written EnglishOne inch marginsCite with footnotes in Chicago style, not in parenthetical MLA style. Papers without citations will not pass.Content:Your paper must have a main idea/thesis/argument. It cannot be a summary of the reading.Your paper must be carefully edited. Grammar, punctuation, and spelling count.Cultivate your own voice/style. You will be writing a lot of papers in college, at least three in this course, so find your voice. This does not mean the papers are about you. Do not write about yourself.You must demonstrate understanding and familiarity with the course readings so far, Weeks 1-5: American Yawp, Chapters 1-15, Erica Dunbar’s Never Caught, and Amy Greenberg’s A Wicked War. Cited evidence from all readings is a requirement for a passing grade on this assignment; turn in a paper that demonstrates your careful reading of American Yawp, Never Caught, and A Wicked War.These are reading response essays, not research papers. There should be no other source material beyond course readings; do not summarize content you have read on the internet.Grading:Meet the format requirementsHave a strong main ideaWrite clearly and edit your workA papers do these three tasks strongly, B papers may be weak in one area, C papers may be weak in two areas, etc.Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the theft of words or ideas from another writer and dishonestly passing them off as your own. Any plagiarism- even a few sentences or a single paragraph- will result in a ZERO on the paper. Do not be tempted to submit work you did not create.————————————————————————————————————————————Reading : (Chap 10-12)A Wicked War- book I sent you last time )Link to download :
HIST 1301 Houston Community College Civil War and Reconstruction Essay

Sociological Analysis of the Elderly: A Life History Approach

Introduction: People grow old every second the clock ticks. Everything in life is fleeting and impermanent because nothing is static. A great example is aging. It is a lifelong process that is fast and inevitable. As people grow old, life experiences contribute to coping mechanism and decision making while an individual progress through life. Growing old brings with its distinctive experiences as well as significant social development. An elderly man that has a strong social foundation displays a fulfilled and meaningful life. As described by Funk (2016), “socialization is a complex and lifelong process through which individuals learn the social norms, habits, lifestyles, values, ways of thinking, and other aspects of their culture, and internalize these as important parts of their own personal identities” (p. 202). Certainly, growing old is a complex and gradual process that is being affected by different factors such as family relationship, cultural background and individual role. By critically analyzing these sociological aspects of aging, we will be able to understand the impact these may bring to the senior population in our society. Methodology: “Qualitative research methodologies can more fully (and validly) investigate the complexity of human phenomena, including issues such as ethnicity, culture, gender, and sexuality” (Gough