describe key strategies that a judge would utilize in order to reconcile the discrepancy in perception of the George Zimmerman’s guilt or innocence. Provide a rationale for your response.
iscuss whether or not you believe Attorney General Eric Holder should have challenged the voting laws in the state of Texas enacted after the Supreme Court struck down a key provision of the Voting Rights Act. Analyze at least two (2) key issues related to Texas’s new voting laws that the Attorney General highlighted. Provide examples of rights covered by the Voting Rights Act to support your rationale.
The Court as Representing Public Opinion
European Christianity and Its Decline from the XVI Century Research Paper
Europe has been for a long time considered as the Christianity hub, and European missionaries and believers have introduced people from all other continents to the faith. At first, catholic faith represented the Christianity belief until the split in the sixteenth century. Christianity then developed under two umbrellas that have now split into many other denominations, but professing the Christianity faith. However, a decline of European Christianity has been seen over the last couple of centuries. Starting from the seventeenth century, many Europeans have ceased associating themselves with Christ, with extreme vulgarity being experienced among several of its followers. One of the reasons for the decline of Christianity among the European countries is the split of the church that occurred around the 16th century.1 Before then, Catholicism was the dominant religion, but protests over the leadership and doctrines led to the formation of the Protestants, with individuals like Martin Luther spearheading the reformation process. During this time, many believers could not question the authenticity or the correctness of the teachings. They had been made to believe everything that was delivered by the priests and church leaders.2 During the reformation process, people were made aware of the controversies in the church as well as the inconsistencies in the teachings of Christianity faith. With the different teachings emerging, individuals started having independent interpretations and thoughts regarding the Christianity faith. From this time forward, doubts and assumptions started to emerge among the believers and within a span of several years, the strict adherence to Christianity started to fade. The inconveniences that emerged after the reformation confirmed to the believers that many issues still required clarification. The reformation also reduced the possibilities of having a state religion as many people fought to have independent beliefs. These beliefs in different religious perspectives made the leaders allow for diversity and instead focus on governance. Reformation led to religious toleration in which people with different beliefs integrated and carried out their activities without interference from other quarters. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The leaders were expected to define the religion to be followed by the rest of the citizens but this was later to be revoked by tolerance. People from different religions started demanding for equal rights and this increased the tolerance. Social and religious tolerance led to a decline in the number of believers, with many finding loopholes in it. When the Protestants were allowed to spread their doctrines, other issues started to emerge that sought to have the government lessen its stand on some longstanding restrictions. The traditional tenets of Christianity started to be cracked by individuals who developed different perspectives pertaining to religion and Christianity. Tolerance influenced religion and Christianity beliefs and made individuals to lessen their stands. The onset of the nineteenth century saw the development of science, which largely contradicted religious beliefs. When scientific theories and discoveries started to be applied in institutions, many people started to take natural science as superior to religion. The theory of creation was revoked by theories of natural science and this created confusion over the right and correct doctrine.3 When science started becoming popular in the early twentieth century, there was a major back up from the communists. The aspect of having common religion was neglected and instead most leaders started focusing on power maximization and hence saw Christianity as a barrier to achieving this. At this time also, the intellectuals were becoming increasingly independent and this made the distance between religion and science to increase. The freethinkers started to criticize and to question the Christianity teachings. Myths on creation, the flood, and the tower of Babel were some of the issues that were questionable. The critics felt that the Bible was not convincing and so was Christianity. Before the reformation period, the Christians had not been resilient when it came to freedom of expression and democracy. They instead believed in having a rigid and hierarchical form of governance that did not tolerate questions and freedom of any kind. We will write a custom Research Paper on European Christianity and Its Decline from the XVI Century specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most of the beliefs started focusing on scientific proofs with evolution being the one of such theories.4 The church took active roles in both World War One and World War Two. It used the teachings of the Bible to encourage the oppressed to hold on, citing the afterlife as the consolation. Secular humanism is another issue that influenced the decline of Christianity in Europe. When freethinking started to be popular in Europe, many secular issues started being practiced. One of the laws that was passed and accepted in Europe was the law on obscenity. Countries like the Great Britain liberalized the law on obscenity in 1959 and later liberalized abortion in 1967.5 The acceptance of some of these laws made the Christians to feel inferior. The non-Christian values and beliefs became so popular that they started to influence the existing Christian values. Although the churches were against the legislation of these laws, they supported most of them. The culture of tolerance that had long affected the individuals made it possible for the churches to accept the changes being introduced by the government.6 Legislation of the secular humanistic made the Christian values to be forgotten and this led to the decline of Christianity in not only Britain, but also the entire Europe. The decline of values and morals led to the development of critics and free thinkers who started identifying errors in the Bible. The changing cultures and societal priorities led the individuals to be less concerned about churches and this led to a decline in the number people attending Sunday services. The first issue that led to decline of Christianity was the reformation that was brought about by the Protestants’ move to end Catholicism. After the reform, the Protestants created an opportunity for questioning and disbelieving the Christianity doctrine. Firstly, the catholic doctrines were exposed to be full of inconsistencies and oppression. The church was portrayed as one against freedom and human rights. This made the believers to have different thoughts and as a result enhanced tolerance and equality for all. When tolerance became popular, most Europeans lost their faith and instead started accepting other ideologies and doctrines. Science was one such doctrine that greatly affected the believers as it was mostly based on facts and empirical research.7 Not sure if you can write a paper on European Christianity and Its Decline from the XVI Century by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The theories that were proposed by the scientists were more convincing than the existing Christianity doctrines. When Charles Darwin brought the law of evolution, it seemed to make sense than the existing law on intelligent design. This made people to believe more in the theory than in the existing creation theory. In addition, the education system started to integrate all the possibilities about humanity into the syllabus. Evolution and creation were both integrated into the curriculum and this made the students to be more confused and unsure of what to believe in. Careers replaced church attendance and it created a decline in the number of individuals being registered and affiliated to specific churches. The cultural change and the adoption of secular governance made the focus on Christianity to be forgotten. Due to tolerance, governments could not adopt a national religion. Britain is one of the few countries that has a national religion and is getting constant pressures from liberalists who want governance to be separated from religion. When the Bible was first attacked by secular and scientific theories, the Christians were involved in a puzzle.8 The freethinkers and intellects were the most vibrant and they developed a framework upon which the whole doctrine could be criticized. The onset of biblical criticism made compliance with the teachings a hard task to accomplish. Alternative believes and doctrines soon emerged and influenced the Christians to have alternative perspectives regarding the religion. Tolerance created rebels who went against the teachings of Catholics and Protestants. The nineteenth century brought with it political and social reforms. Since Constantine was converted in the fourteenth century, there was a lot of martyrdom that soon faded with tolerance. Individuals started using religion as a stepping stone to achieve political and secular success.9 During Europe’s colonization of different countries, religion was used as the backup and as the consolation for the oppressed. The use of Christian beliefs to justify suffering and oppression made some of the believers to develop different perspectives that led to complete or partial dropping out of the Christianity faith. Tolerance and decline in Christianity faith allowed secular humanism to spread in not only Europe but also other continents. Embracing secular values also made it possible for governments to legalize issues like abortion and use of contraceptives, and since there was significant support from the churches, the followers became more confused and opted out of the religion. European Christianity is therefore a victim of tolerance and secular humanism. Although it started as a simple revolt against the Catholic Church, it spread to include secular and other rights issues that were against the traditional Christian belief. Church leaders have also lost their influence and this has made humanity to follow secular based laws that are independent. The separation of governance from Christianity has made the impact on young and aspiring Christians to fade. The inability to form a national religion and the emerging inconsistencies in the Bible has reduced Christianity into an inferior religion despite having the highest number of followers. The staunch Christians have reduced and the few remaining are either partial or affiliates in terms of family or baptismal names. Bibliography Arthura, James, “Religious and spiritual markers in community involvement,” British Journal of Religious Education 33, no. 3 (2011): 299-312. Kalu, Ogbu and Alaine M. Low. Interpreting Contemporary Christianity: Global Processes and Local Identities. Cambridge, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008. McGrath, Alister E. The Future Of Christianity. Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2002. McLeod, Hugh and Werner Ustorf. The decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750-2000. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003. Spohn, Willfried, “Europeanization, Religion and Collective Identities in an Enlarging Europe A Multiple Modernities Perspective,” European Journal of Social Theory 12, no. 3 (2009): 358-374. Footnotes 1 Hugh McLeod and Werner Ustorf, The decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750-2000 (New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003), 220. 2 Ogbu Kalu, Alaine M. Low, Interpreting contemporary Christianity: global processes and local identities (Cambridge, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008), 23 3 Willfried Spohn, “Europeanization, Religion and Collective Identities in an Enlarging Europe A Multiple Modernities Perspective,” European Journal of Social Theory 12, no. 2 (2009): 360. 4 Willfried Spohn, “Europeanization, Religion and Collective Identities in an Enlarging Europe A Multiple Modernities Perspective,” European Journal of Social Theory 12, no. 2 (2009): 362 5 Hugh McLeod and Werner Ustorf, The decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750-2000 (New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003), 218. 6 Alister E. McGrath, The future of Christianity (Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2002), 28 7 Ogbu Kalu, Alaine M. Low, Interpreting contemporary Christianity: global processes and local identities (Cambridge, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008), 22 8 James Arthura, “Religious and spiritual markers in community involvement,” British Journal of Religious Education 33, no. 3 (2011): 310. 9 Hugh McLeod and Werner Ustorf, The decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750-2000 (New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003), 218.
MBA 5001 SU Starbucks Corporation Change for Motivation Case Study
help writing MBA 5001 SU Starbucks Corporation Change for Motivation Case Study.
Scenario: Starbucks CorporationManagement has reviewed your work from two weeks ago about how the employees’ low job motivation may affect the company internally and externally and determined that there is sufficient evidence to support an organizational change. It has asked you to recommend changes that will help to boost employee job motivation.Recall that a survey showed job motivation among employees was lower than average, with complaints such as:My job is so boring!My boss micromanages me but never tells me how I’m doing.I’ve been in my position for seven to fifteen years, but I am never allowed to provide any input about making the work better.Write a paper and provide in-text citations and references in which you:Defend at least two organizational changes and explain how these changes will improve job motivation in the workforce. Support your recommendations by citing the theories covered in the readings or your own research.Assess potential conflicts that may arise due to the changes, including why you anticipate these conflicts.Justify a change implementation plan for leading the change initiatives and helping the organization overcome any resistance to the changes.Justify an appropriate communication plan that announces the changes and continues through the change management process.Submit your six- to eight-page paper in APA style
MBA 5001 SU Starbucks Corporation Change for Motivation Case Study
Stage collapse at Indiana state fair
Stage collapse at Indiana state fair.
Complete: a minimum of 1,200 words (total assignment) and three scholarly sources. While we are on APA formatAfter the Crisis – Organizational Learning Case Study: Mini- Case – Stage Collapse at the Indiana State Fair 1. In a narrative format, summarize the key facts and issues of the case.2. Update the information in the case by researching it on the Internet. Focus your response on the specific issues in the case.3. Who should have been the final decision-maker regarding the concert? Why?4. Discuss why team learning is as important as individual learning in crisis management situations. What is meant by the idea of building resilience through redundancy?5. Assume you are an official in charge at a similar event. What steps would you take to promote organizational learning in the wake of the Indiana State Fair crisis?
Stage collapse at Indiana state fair
“Nature vs. Nurture” Debate in Education Essay
The ‘Nature vs. Nurture’ debate holds in several areas of psychology and refers to the question of whether our genes (‘nature’) determine attributes such as intelligence or language aptitude or whether such attributes can be acquired and improved through experience (‘nurture’). The outcome is of great importance for educators since education – together with parental influence – is the main source of experiential learning (Bulmer 2003). In this essay, the concept will be explained based on my own experience and academic research. Historically, the nature vs. nurture debate began with the publication of Galton’s (1869) study in which he promoted inherited ability in the faculties of thinking and learning. On the same side of the argument, the more recent work by Herrnstein and Murray (1994) was significant in arguing that intelligence is, at least to some extent, inherited. The theory is based on the assumption that aptitude is dominant in learning and that it is mainly hereditary. Therefore, the aim of education is to separate the naturally able from the less able and to provide each group of students with programs adapted to their talents. In other words, schools should function as if the ‘Bell Curve’ is a natural phenomenon that must be obtained in all learning results and that effort makes little difference (Resnick 1995: 55-62). IQ tests are there to spread students out on a scale rather than to define what each one should actually work at learning. Teachers assign grades believing that – if everyone were to get an A or B – standards must be too low (and not that uniformly high grades mean everyone worked hard and managed to learn what was taught). In my high school years, I certainly witnessed how belief in inherited aptitude was self-fulfilling. Students who were held to low expectations did not try to break through that barrier but often accepted the idea that aptitude is what matters and that they have not inherited enough of it – and their performance stayed low. On the ‘nurture’ side of the argument is the theory of learning behind most educational practices today, based on the work of Thorndike (Faulkner 1998). Thorndike developed practical learning tools (textbooks, tests, curricula, and teacher training) in the belief that knowledge consists of a collection of bonds i.e. links between pairs of mental entities or between an external stimulus and an internal mental response. Learning is just trying to change the strengths of the bonds i.e. increasing the strength of ‘correct’ bonds and decreasing the strength of ‘incorrect’ ones. In practice, correct bonds are strengthened by rewards, and incorrect ones are weakened through punishment or withholding rewards and create a system where the ‘stamping in’ of correct bonds and the ‘stamping out’ of incorrect ones is enhanced. In my experience, whenever teachers used positive feedback to create ‘enjoyment’ in the learning environment it certainly motivated me to work harder. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Recent evidence from developmental biology claims to have resolved the ‘Nature vs. Nurture’ issue and what this might mean for education practice. According to the Education Commission of the States (1996), research on brain development provides insight for improving the education of young children. The Carnegie Corporation (1994) highlights the fact that the environment affects not only the number of brain cells and the number of connections between them but also the way they are ‘wired’ and evidence points to the negative impact of early stress (a ‘nurture’ factor) on brain function (Carnegie Corporation 1994: 2) While the brain connections developed before birth are vital, their main purpose is biological and it is during the child’s first months and years of growth and development that nature and nurture combine until they become ‘intertwined and inseparable’ (Simmons
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