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Discussion comments

Discussion comments. I need support with this Computer Science question so I can learn better.

THE DISCUSSION QUESTION WAS “You are a project manager for a large business intelligence project. What tools will you use to help communicate and present data to help make decisions throughout the project lifecycle?”
When running a project as a project manager, there are many tools available for effectively communicating and several ways to present data to help stakeholders make informed decisions during the length of the project.
Some excellent communication tools used during projects range from phone calls, teleconference/video conference meetings, in-person meetings, chat applications (my company uses Skype for Business), e-mails, and project management/workflow software like JIRA. In addition to these methods of communication, Marsan (2015) also suggests having a weekly discussion board, and a document repository.
Instant Messaging is helpful if there is a quick question that needs to be answered, while e-mail works well for documenting approvals and changes, and having a discussion board helps reduce emails as it is a self-service way to disperse information. Having that document repository is important for storing key documents that all project members can reference.
Another important form of communication, especially for the stakeholders, is a weekly status report via a dashboard or email. I find that having an interactive dashboard, built via Tableau for example, that allows users to drill down into specific areas, works well for those involved with the project. I also find that when dealing with stakeholders or project sponsors, they tend to like their information provided to them via a power point presentation. These are usually compiled with screenshots taken of the Tableau dashboard with some additional information to provide some context of the data being presented. Also, when performing presentations, it is troublesome to do a live feed of the dashboard, so presenting with the power point presentation works well.

Without the adequate planning and risk management that a large project requires, it can easily become derailed regarding cost, scope, or time. Dennis, Wixom, and Roth (2015) pointed out an interesting statistic that even projects with well-prepared plans have a 100% margin of error in project cost and 25% margin of error for project time. The authors offer this simple example: a well-planned project that is estimated to cost $100,000 and take 20 weeks could actually cost up to $200,000 and take up to 25 weeks to complete. Gantt charts and PERT charts can both be highly valuable tools for project managers to keep track of the project’s progression and to manage available resources accordingly (Dennis et al., 2015).
For additional tools, project management expert Dow (n.d.) offers the list below of the minimum tools that should be used for project communication, in their opinion.

Project Organization Chart
Circle of Communications Chart
Communication Requirements Matrix
Role Report Matrix
Project Calendar
Project Report Creation Calendar
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
Scatter Chart
Project Newsletter

The author places specific emphasis on the project calendar and work breakdown structure tools as especially important for project communication, which is such an important aspect to get right during a project (Dow, n.d.).
As already mentioned in Bryan’s post, some of these tools, especially Gantt charts, are included in many of the different project management software and SaaS solutions, such as Microsoft Project, Monday, Wrike, or Most offer some form of collaboration and data sharing between team members and other stakeholders. Weigh the pros and cons of each option and choose the one that is most suited for the organization and the project.
For a large BI project, I would anticipate the need for sophisticated project management software. The PM for the project that I’m currently working on uses Jira. Zulch recommends having a clear communication plan in place prior to beginning complex projects. (Zulch, 2014) Within Jira issues (tickets) can be assigned to different users. Once an issue is assigned, the user is notified, can open the issue and see any conversation that has taken place with the issue, and any files that have been attached to the issue, all in one place. Jira also tracks the issues on a Kanban board to monitor work, and make it easy to assign tasks to sprints in agile development. It also displays issues in a Gantt chart, which as several of my classmates have already pointed out, is a huge boon to help everyone quickly visualize which tasks are on track, and which are being held up.
Video-conferencing/conference calls are integral to any large project. These allow teams to all communicate together and discuss issues that might be too complex, or lengthy for email. Zoom and GoToMeeting are both popular options for this sort of collaboration, and they allow for the sharing of computer screens, which can quickly get everyone on the same page, and allow for walkthroughs of software.
Discussion comments

Florida Atlantic University Human Relations in Organizations Discussion.

In discussing the nature, purpose and importance of human relations in the organizational environment, there are many variables that can be included in that topic itself. For instance, one of the purposes of human resources is to ensure fairness in equal pay for equal work, and so forth. In an essay format, describe in detail (be specific) in answering the following three questions. Do not repeat the questions in your writing, and do not number your answers. Refer to your APA Guide for college academic writing in essay format.1. What is the nature of human relations in an organization?2.Identify / list a minimum of four reasons for the purpose of human relations.3.List six important factors why human relations must be in an organizational environment.The essay is to include detailed answers to all three questions. Your writing will be evaluated on content, completeness, and writing at the college level.
Florida Atlantic University Human Relations in Organizations Discussion

A finishing school is the final polish to your education to make you an all-rounder with a good personality, grooming, excellent personal etiquette and dress sense. A well groomed person with a pleasant personality stands out in a crowd and has a higher chance of ready acceptance in any setting – be it the job market, family environment or peer group. Need for a Finishing School None of us can truthfully say that we are perfect and have nothing more to learn. Life is a school with live experiences. At our finishing school we give you the accumulated wisdom of our faculty to help you move up in your life. There are two ways to learn – one by making mistakes and the other by learning before you make the mistakes. We believe that we can make a difference in your life by helping you move upward towards your goals and ambitions. Grooming in a Finishing School You learn the art of conversation, the quietly elegant as well as the flamboyant style of dress and grooming, the art of conversation, managing to live within your income, tips on saving and investment, handling aggressive behaviour with calm and poise and to manage your time effectively. This is only an outline of things and each specific need has a program to handle it. The ways of learning in a Finishing School Our programs are FUN and learning has never been so easy. Practical learning always makes for more effective retention and we follow this approach in all areas of our programs. Studies about learning methodology reveal that kinesthetic, visual and auditory learning has a better appeal and makes for better understanding. Our course modules are developed keeping these principles in mind. Age no bar for a Finishing School student A person can enrol in our finishing school at any age between 7 and 70. We believe that there are no barriers to learning. Our primary programmes are aimed at the segment seeking employment immediately or in the near future. These short-term courses help you enhance your basic knowledge and skill and give you additional inputs to make you stand out in the crowd. Programmes for children, teenagers, parents, brides and grooms and the retired person are also available in our finishing school. HISTORY OF FINISHING SCHOOLS: Switzerland is known for its private finishing schools, such as Institut Villa Pierrefeu or Institut Alpin Videmanette (now closed), where Diana, Princess of Wales studied, and Mon Fertile, where Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall was partly educated. The finishing school that made Switzerland renowned for such institutions was the Institut Villa Mont Choisi, founded in the 1870s, which closed in 1995/6. Other notable schools included Institut Chateau Beau-Cedre which closed in 2002. The term finishing school is occasionally used in American parlance to refer to certain small women’s colleges, primarily on the East Coast, that were known for serving to prepare their female students for marriage. Since the 1960s, many of these schools have become defunct as a result of financial difficulties stemming from parents’ decreased interest in paying for such an education for their daughters. FINISHING SCHOOLS IN INDIA: Finishing School is a supplementary training school popular in India that attempts to make-up for deficiencies of low-tier colleges by providing specialized vocational training in technical fields such as computer programming and information technology. The recent boom in the Indian Economy has further enhanced the need for such finishing schools. These IT finishing schools cover technical skills as well as communication and problem solving skills. The biggest advantage of these finishing schools is that these schools cut down the “deployable time” for a company. Other finishing schools attempt to make up for deficiencies in the Indian secondary education system with regards to math and science education and bring the student up to the level necessary for attending university and gaining admission. For instance, it is not uncommon for Indian students to spend an entire 1 to 2 years studying in a tutorial cram school after secondary education to gain entrance into a top Medical or Engineering school. Western Countries are often flooded by extremely over-prepared and well networked Indian students, to the point of putting their own students at a disadvantage to their own rule and merit based college entrance and scholarship award systems where cram schools are virtually unknown, particular in Engineering and Medicine, areas which the Indian cram school focus on. WELL KNOWN FINISHING SCHOOLS IN INDIA: PRIYA WARRICK FINISHING SCHOOL, NEW DELHI WALCHAND DALE CARNEGIE FINISHING SCHOOL, BANGALORE GOOD SHEPHERD FINISHING SCHOOL, OOTY ECOLE SOLITAIRE, PUNE MODERN DAY FINISHING SCHOOL, MUMBAI SWISS PERSONA FINISHING SCHOOL, NEW DELHI ANOORADHA PATEL’S FINISHING SCHOOL, MUMBAI RIGHT STEP FINISHING SCHOOL, CHENNAI MAKEOVER FINISHING SCHOOL, GHAZIABAD 1.2 FRAMEWORK of SERVICES PROVIDED Level-1 Elementary level Concept of language Usage

MBA 670 University of Maryland Stakeholder Management Plan Discussion Paper

MBA 670 University of Maryland Stakeholder Management Plan Discussion Paper.

I’m working on a business report and need guidance to help me learn.

Just need help with Project 2 Step 8 (Project Management Plan, Subtask: Stakeholder Management Plan) however the entire project is posted below just for reference. Question #8 in the Project Management Template ONLYProject 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 1: Become Familiar with Project ScopeA few hours after your call with Latoya Green, you receive an email from her executive assistant that defines the high-level deliverables and timelines for this project in a project statement of work (SOW).INBOX: 1 New MessageSubject: Deliverables and Timeline for Store OpeningFrom: Cassandra Seltzer, Executive Assistant, TCS, Inc.To: YouGreetings,You will need to know the high-level deliverables and timelines for this project, which can be found in the project statement of work (SOW).The SOW for this project lists the following requirements:design the new store building, garage, parking lots, and landscapingobtain required licenses and permitsprepare the site and lay the foundationconstruct the new store building and finish the interiorconstruct the garage and garden centeroutfit the store with shelves, fixtures, and IT systems (e.g., communications and payment systems)pave the parking lots and landscape the exterior of the storestock the store with inventory (For this project, stick to a storewide, high-level inventory budget, though you may have to make estimates based on different product categories, such as lumber, hardware, appliances, etc.)staff, hire, and train store personnelThe SOW specifically notes that your project scope does not include the following:marketing or publicityother actions and costs related to operation of the new storeThis project will require that you and your team create the following deliverables within the time frames described in this project, using standard templates provided in subsequent steps by TCS management. These steps will ensure that the new store is fully operational by the target date. Those deliverables, described in detail later, include the following:a project chartera stakeholder management plana high-level work breakdown structure (WBS) for the projecta risk register that identifies 5–10 key project risks and the team’s proposed responses for handling such risksa Gantt chart showing key project activities and the project’s critical patha high-level project cost estimate, with supporting justifications, for the labor, materials, and overhead for the new facility to be ready for operation by the assigned target datea project management planThank you for your attention. Our group will be in touch.Cassandra SeltzerFrom your client file on Terrapin Construction Supply, Inc., you are informed that there are five major product groups at each TCS store: plumbing and electrical supplies; building materials; hardware and tools; seasonal, garden, and yard items; and paint, flooring, and wall coverings.Each TCS store has a store manager, assistant store manager, bookkeeper, information systems manager, a manager for each of the five major product groups, customer service employees to assist with purchases on the store floor, cashiers, receiving and stocking employees, and maintenance and janitorial employees.In summary, you know a lot about what you need to have 10 months from now, but how will you get there? You do not have much experience with formal project management so you message a colleague who recently acquired a project management professional (PMP) certification.In the next step, your friend delivers the requested help, outlining several key project management topics.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 2: Become Familiar with Project Management ConceptsIn the previous step, you received a SOW and the authorized templates from the CEO’s office. You also put out an SOS to a friend, who emails you the next day.INBOX: 1 New MessageSubject: Re: Help!From: Jorge LinvilleTo: YouGot your message, good to hear from you and glad to hear you’re still with Maryland Creative Solutions.Sounds like a big project you’ve been tasked with. I’m happy to help out where I can.To begin, I’d suggest doing some background reading to familiarize yourself with a few key topics. I’ll help get you get started:First of all, you should know what a project is and what it isn’t. Basically, you need an introduction to project management.Next, you’re going to need to understand how to apply project management processes and the triple constraint, because these concepts are going affect a lot of other project components.You’ll need to draft a project charter and understand the concepts of stakeholders and stakeholder management.You’ll also need to plan the nuts and bolts of the work to be done with a work breakdown structure (WBS) and Gantt charts, and you’ll need to know how to determine the critical path.And of course, nothing is free, so you’ll need to understand project cost estimating and project procurement.Critically, you should understand project risk and risk registers so that you can actually develop a project risk register.And you’ll need to be able to write a good project management plan overview.Those are the basics, at least. Hope this helps, and good luck!JorgeAfter you have reviewed these project management resources, proceed to the next step, where you will develop a project charter.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 3: Develop a Project CharterVery glad that you reached out for Jorge’s insight and resources, you proceed with the formal requirements listed in the project statement of work.Your team has established guidelines for communication and accountability on this project. Now, your team will need to develop a project charter using the provided project charter template. While this document will not be turned in until the end of Week 4, it will guide your development of the project management plan. Note that TCS CEO Latoya Green is your project sponsor and the key stakeholder who must approve and sign the project charter.When you have completed your project charter, continue to the next step, where you will develop a stakeholder management plan.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 4: Develop a Stakeholder Management PlanFollowing your team project charter, you are invited to a check-in web meeting with MCS CEO Jillian Best to discuss next steps with the TCS project:Calendar Invite: Jillian Best, CEO“I’m glad your team has agreed on a charter for TCS,” Jillian says. “Now I want you to really start nailing down some of the specifics of this project, such as involved parties, responsibilities, risks, and costs.“To this point, TCS management has provided you with information and templates for this project, your team has set guidelines to work together effectively, and you have used that information to develop a project charter for Latoya Green to approve. Now, you are ready to begin thinking about stakeholders and stakeholder management.“Your team needs to develop a stakeholder management plan. I’m attaching a stakeholder management plan template to follow. The plan should identify potential stakeholders by their general role, such as CFO, local government offical, vice president of marketing, etc. There is one exception: You must name Latoya Green as your project sponsor.“Good work team, looking forward to seeing the stakeholder management plan.”When you have completed your stakeholder management plan, continue to the next step, where you will develop a work breakdown structure and Gantt chart.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 5: Create the Work Breakdown Structure and Gantt ChartIn previous steps, you identified all stakeholders, both internal and external to your team, and created a communication plan to manage their expectations. Now your team must consider how you will handle the work breakdown structure (WBS) and Gantt charts.Create a draft of the work breakdown structure based on the provided WBS template. Then, using Microsoft Project, create a high-level WBS for your project that covers the key facets set out in the statement of work, such as the design of the new store. All required dependencies for activities should be established. That work will be used to create your Gantt chart with the project schedule. Ensure that your Gantt chart indicates the critical path in red. If you need help, please follow these Microsoft Project guidelines.For feedback from your instructor, submit your project charter, stakeholder management plan, WBS, and Gantt chart to your team’s group discussion area only. Then continue to the next step, where your team will develop a project risk register for this store construction project.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 6: Create the Risk RegisterRisk is a factor in every project. Each stakeholder and each element in your work breakdown structure, especially along the critical path, introduces risk. Identifying and managing these risks is critical to ensuring project success. Read more in Project Risk and Risk Register.In this step, your team will develop a project risk register using the provided risk register template. The risk register must include at least 10 project risks, both internal and external, as well as the projected response or responses to those risks. Keep in mind that you are conducting a project in a foreign country, Brazil, which itself will add some risk because the official language in Sao Paulo, Brazil is Portugese.When you have completed your risk register and identified at least 10 project risks, continue to the next step, where you will develop a project cost estimate.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 7: Estimate Project CostYour team has already identified the details of the work schedule in a work breakdown structure and visualized these details in a Gantt chart with a critical path. You also used your stakeholder management plan to determine who needs to be informed of progress on the project and when. And you’ve planned out responses to the risks you identified. Now, you must determine the cost to build and operate this store. You must also estimate the costs of the required inventory inside the store and the hiring and training of employees to begin operations. Read Project Cost Estimating and Project Procurement for help in answering this question.For this project, your team only needs to research and provide high-level budget estimates for the various work packages or the higher-level work activities. For example, building the store itself might be broken down into design, site preparation (your company already owns the land), permit costs, plumbing, electrical, etc. Or, you may prefer to just use major categories such as design, build, and outfit. Consider other project procurements that may be required for your project. Develop your own project cost estimate template. While your research will yield material, labor, and overhead cost data in Brazilian real (BRL), for the purpose of this assignment, you will convert all cost figures to US dollars (USD).When you have completed the project cost estimate, continue to the next step, where you will complete your project management plan.Project 2: Project Management in an International EnvironmentStep 8: Complete the Project Management PlanBefore any work can start on the new TCS store in Sao Paulo, Brazil your team must put all the work you’ve done so far into a project management plan.Use the project management plan template to create your plan. Your plan should be 15 to 20 pages, double spaced, excluding cover page, executive summary, reference list, and appendices. Any tables, graphs, and figures should be included as appendices. Your report should have one-inch margins and be double spaced in 12-point Times New Roman font. In-text citations and references should abide by APA format. The report should be organized using headings and subheadings to improve its readability.For clarity, the plan should cover key elements in the main body of the plan, and then use appendices for detailed data. For example, you could provide a summary cost breakdown in the main body, and the detailed breakdown of costs in an appendix, such as an Excel spreadsheet.Your final project management plan will consist of two files: the completed template and the Microsoft Project file (*.mpp) containing your WBS and Gantt chart. Submit these files in the dropbox located in the final step of this project by the end of Week 4. Also, each team will post one copy of the final project management plan in the team’s group discussion area.
MBA 670 University of Maryland Stakeholder Management Plan Discussion Paper

MGMT 5575 Johnson & Wales University Jollibee Foods Corporation Paper

cheap assignment writing service MGMT 5575 Johnson & Wales University Jollibee Foods Corporation Paper.

Using research during site visits at your chosen business environment or a company you are
familiar with, please gather, interpret and analyze the current state of business operations to
strategize methodology to achieve the three principles (eliminate waste, remove variability,
and improve throughput) of lean. Please defend your answers on a tactical level by explaining
how these recommendations (proposed methodology when applied conceptually) will balance
cost and quality. Assignment format:
In Word break the paper into the following sections: • Introduction – describe the company in general and what it does • Using the three principles as section headings, analyze the company along each
principle • Conclusion – is the company balancing cost and quality? Why or why not? This paper is to be written in APA format.
MGMT 5575 Johnson & Wales University Jollibee Foods Corporation Paper

Springfield College Career Counseling Discussion

Springfield College Career Counseling Discussion.

Question 1: Read
all of the appendixes located at the back of your textbook. Read Appendix A
then comment on the importance of knowing this information as a member of the
counseling profession. Highlight key information located in the document you
focus on and cite your source (textbook) at the conclusion of your post. (150 words) Question 2: In
Appendix B located at the end of your textbook, review the assumptions,
key terms and outcomes table. Do you find this chart useful and when would you
think you may refer to this chart in the future? (150 Words) Question 3: In
the Appendix section of the textbook, review the decision tree and respond to
its importance. (150 Words)
Springfield College Career Counseling Discussion

Glendale Community College Flatland and The Marxian Theory Discussion

Glendale Community College Flatland and The Marxian Theory Discussion.

I’m working on a english discussion question and need support to help me understand better.

Instructions from teacher:Using my discussion prompts as a sample, devise your own insightful, meaningful prompt about Flatland and Marxian theory. Provide plenty of bullet points for posters, as I have done, and provide instructions for how people should respond to answers to the prompt, as I have done. Your bullet points should be not necessarily replicate mine and should be based on the kind of feedback you have received this term.After you post the prompt along with the bullet points for posters and responders, I’d like you to outline what you think a solid response to the post would contain. What would be elements or ideas do you think would have to be addressed in order to answer the question thoroughly? You don’t need to post a complete answer, but you do need to provide a short synopsis of what an excellent answer would contain.Basically we always have discussions that are nearly identical in instructions not prompt. Here is my teachers’ last discussion example:For now, explore the most obvious points of the allegory that Abbott has outlined. There is a clear hierarchy in Flatland. Discuss the significance of shapes and their respective corollaries in the world we inhabit (Spaceland). What are some of Abbott’s more salient commentaries about the social dynamics of Victorian society (and today)? That is, what is Abbott trying to communicate about social orders, hierarchies, and nobility? In today’s world, that may include incarcerated people, those who are deemed “irregular” by social norms, women, the wealthy, corporations, and more.Be sure to cite at least three quotations to substantiate your response, and show how each quote — sequentially and methodically — supports your idea.Intense scrutiny is not the same as sloppy writing. You should be economical in your writing — and deep and expansive. More words are not the same as more ideas. Remember what we have learned about the power (and economy) of writing! Observe MLA guidelines regarding in-text citation. Incorporate at least one idea — explaining whether you agree or disagree with it — from my lecture. Be sure to entertain more exploratory questions or personal connections, as I did throughout the lecture. Any connections to the random entry? Other readings and lectures? Research?Use deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning, each at least once, in your paragraphs. Place your deductive reasoning in bold and your inductive reasoning in italics.Avoid logical fallacies in your own writing, but feel free to point them out elsewhere.At the end of your post, show your deductive reasoning in the form of an equation, as I have done in my examples (i.e. Whale = large fish, large fish = scales, etc.). When you’re ready, type your answer in the field below marked “Reply.” Proofread, and be sure to cite relevant quotes before submitting.In your replies, critique each part of your classmate’s post. How well and succinctly did your peer analyze the quotations they chose? Critique their answers and their writing. What did you learn? What is unclear?Do the details provided lead you to the same conclusions? Could better passages have been cited? Which ones? Why? Were quotes cited correctly, with strong verbs and good signal phrases?Did they avoid clutter, observe MLA citation standards, cite at least one idea from my lecture, and avoid logical fallacies? Critique and add to the exploratory questions or personal connections. Push yourself to see your peer’s answers from their perspective. Random Entry? Evaluate their deductive and inductive reasoning. Is something missing? Could more have been added to the deductive or inductive reasoning? What? Why?Push yourself. Don’t just react. Build on their ideas. Take what they’ve written to the next level.Here is an example of what a student submitted for this assignment:Hi Class, From what we have read in this unit so far, from handouts and lectures, there are a few parallels between Marxian Theory and the story of Flatland. For this prompt we will be focusing on the theme of materialism and how reality affects our ideas. “Where Borges would argue that ideas shape our reality, Marx argues that reality shapes our ideas.” (Shahoian). Discuss the significance of how the difference of realities carve out the mindsets of those from Flatland. Note any commentary leading to further insight about why there is the inherent difference. Then give evidence of your personal life where your own reality can differ from another individual. What is the importance of the metaphors in the lectures and stories?Be sure to cite 3 concrete details from the text to bolster your response and offer thorough analysis for each detail that directly relates to the prompt Use as many resources as possible to build your response — random entry, lectures, videos, etc. — however do not clutter your response with unsupported claims based on your resources. Observe MLA guidelines at all times when using in-text citationsAsk yourself questions along the way to illustrate your thought process and give a little more evidence to your claimsBe sure to include both deductive and inductive reasoning in your response As always try to avoid logical fallacies but feel free to identify them anywhere in your research This is less of a structural assignment — I want to give as little boundaries for thought as possible while keeping responses in the same realm — agree or disagree with the claims made in the lectures/stories as long as your arguments are supported wellAt the end of your post, show your deductive reasoning in the form of an equation (Ex. Tim Loves = Red Fruit, Apples = Red Fruit, Tim Loves = Apples)When responding to students’ posts think about:Did the student try to answer the prompt directly? How effective was their evidence to support their argument? Was any of their writing or argument confusing? Grade their answers AND writingHow relevant was their evidence to their argument? Can you think of any counter arguments? Did they leave out any detail or analysis?Did they cite correctly? (MLA)Critique their questions and challenge them to expand if they are asking obvious questions or “picking low hanging fruit” Comment on all the resources they drew from in their response — whether or not you agree with any of their arguments Critique their reasonings, both deductive and inductiveWhen responding to a student, do not just read and then summarize their response — try to absorb their writing from their point of view and try to make their writing clearer or more effective — encourage them to be their best!Lastly, always remain respectful and post meaningful responsesResponse Synopsis: To attack this question and answer it completely, students will need to first establish the difference between idealism and materialism. Show exactly where reality is the independent variable and ideas become the dependent variable. Then pull at least three concrete details from the resources given (Flatland, Lectures, Random Entry, etc.). A example of a concrete detail and thorough analysis would be:Abbot touches on the importance of perspective when he writes “Place a penny on the middle of one of your tables in Space; and leaning over it, look down upon it. It will appear a circle. But now, drawing back to the edge of the table, gradually lower your eye (thus bringing yourself more and more into the condition of the inhabitants of Flatland), and you will find the penny becoming more and more oval to your view.” (Abbot, 6). Here Abbot solidifies that our idea of what the penny is comes directly from our perspective of the penny. Our current reality, or point of view, of the penny might be different than somebody with a different view of the penny, somebody with a different reality. After this evidence, it would be important to give commentary as to why this is so important and how this notion of materialism differs from idealism. Give examples of personal experiences to strengthen your argument. Students can use deductive and inductive reasoning at any time in their response but make sure that it is sound and supports your claims. Abbot writes about how perspective changes based on physical position and how this affects ideas. Materialism is about how reality shapes ideas. Abbot is writing about materialism. After citing the next two concrete details and giving insightful commentary, students should ask questions about the point of view of the writer, possible hidden meanings, etc. Use inductive reasoning to draw conclusions that are not as obvious, but are supported by your commentary and evidence. When finished with the response cap it off with the deductive reasoning equation:Abbot = Reality Shapes IdeasReality Shapes Ideas = MaterialismAbbot = MaterialismAttached is the Flatland. Here is part of his lectures:Intro to Karl MarxKarl Marx was born on May 5th, 1818 in Trier, Germany to a Jewish family that had converted to Christianity. He went on to study philosophy, in an attempt to become a lawyer, and became a liberal journalist opposed to the authoritarian dictatorship in Germany at the time, which was limiting freedom of the press and cracking down on the poor. Over time, Marx became radicalized as his newspapers were being oppressed. He became a member of a radical circle of philosophers known as the “Young Hegelians”. These figures were led by an Atheist philosopher Feuerbach, who was an early socialist, and they were influenced by Hegel.After being influenced by Hegel and Feuerbach, around the mid-1840s Marx stopped identifying as a liberal and started identifying as a socialist and a communist. These words are often considered dirty words by many Americans due to the history of 20th century Stalinism, but we must understand why Marx identified with these terms. In the 1800s, the poor were staying poor while the rich were getting richer and more powerful. He began to see that this was because the rich owned the factories and the land. This troubled him, and he began looking to devise a system where the poor could empower themselves by taking the means of production from the rich.In Paris in the 1840s, he met a man known as Engels, who was a rich capitalist who did not like Capitalism. Like Marx, Engels was a philosopher who was influenced by Hegel. Engels had inherited companies from his family but did not like how workers were treated in the system. He decided to use his wealth and position to research capitalism and help finance the work of Karl Marx, whose economic analysis he agreed with.As the Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy indicates, by 1848 rolled around, revolutions hit Europe, and his activities during these revolutions led him to leave mainland Europe for London. This was because England had greater free speech protections, and so Marx was able to live there and write a critical analysis of the working conditions, economic systems, and political systems in Europe.Marx and Engels lived and died in London, occasionally visiting Europe to help whip up working-class parties and resistance to Capitalism. He worked as a journalist and spent many years studying Capitalism and famous economists like Ricardo, Adam Smith, Malthus, and others.He was respected by many on the Left, although his domineering personality led to many clashes with others. In the 1860s, the first international of the working class was created, in no small part by the desire to organize all the leftwing forces in Europe. Three important political movements inspired by Marx’s writings came out of these meetings – the anarchists, the social democrats, and the communists. Famously, Bakunin, the leading anarchist thinker and a Russian exile, and Marx, had a falling out. Bakunin was kicked out of the worker’s international. This was because where Marx thought the workers needed to take over the government and create a new government system, Bakunin was an anarchist who thought that the government was not necessary. Bakunin thought Marx was too authoritarian since he thought all government was authoritarian, while Marx saw Bakunin as unrealistic and conspiratorial.In the end, several different traditions were inspired by Marx. One group was the moderate socialists, many of whom remain powerful in Europe to this day. Parties like the German Social Democratic Party, one of the most powerful parties in the country, was originally led by people inspired by Marx. These figures believe in taking power democratically and making reforms that increase the power of the workers. Less moderate are the Bolshevik inspired Communist parties such as that of the Soviet Union, who are more radical and believe in creating a one-party state. There are also the anarchists, who do not believe that government is necessary. All three of these groups got different things from Marx, but they share his criticism of capitalism.Marx also worked as a journalist, writing on affairs like the Civil War – he even wrote a letter to Lincoln in support of the war against slavery, as Marx saw slavery as a backwards and violent form of exploiting people – and colonialism.Marx ended up dying in the 1870s, known mostly just to a handful of leftwing thinkers. Within two generation of dying however, the Social Democrats were in power in Germany, the Bolsheviks had taken over Russia, and his ideas had spread to other parties across Europe. The US also became a hotbed of political radicalism, and his ideas became very influential during the Great Depression. Some ideas pushed by his followers were implemented by leaders in the US during this time period, like social security, medicare, free public education, ending child labor, and the 8-hour workday.Why are we studying Marxism? Is Shahoian a Commie?There are so many reasons to study Marxian thought — regardless of your current political views.First, whether you support left-wing politics or not, Marx had a profound effect on the world at large — and literary analysis in particular. It is safe to say that Marx’ ideas have influenced numerous branches of philosophical and literary thought, not to mention the political, economic, and social destinies of countries on every continent in the world!Second, Marx made an enormous impact on epistemology. While his work is often cited in economical and political conversations, he impacted the entire dialectic of epistemology, the study of how we know what we know. While this is a gross oversimplification, most thinkers — from Plato to Borges — promoted idealism, but Marx advocated materialism. Where Borges would argue that ideas shape our reality, Marx argues that reality shapes our ideas. This may seem like an insignificant difference to you, but it is huge. The history of Western thought was essentially built on this concept of the mind dominating all, and Marx steps in and says, in effect, “Nope! The real world is where all ideas come from and the reality of power and class has essentially dictated all of human history and thought.” If Plato and most philosophers were arguing about objects of the mind, Marx was arguing about objects of the world. Pre-Marx, the predominant model went something like this: “I am tired. It would be good to rest. I should think of a way to rest. Maybe if I made something to sit on, I would feel better.” Marx says, “When I feel tired, I lean on a boulder or a counter, and the real world gives me an idea for a chair.”Third, Marx opens his famous pamphlet, “The Communist Manifesto” with this line: “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” That is, everything that has ever happened has happened because people wanted more money and used poor people as tools to get what they wanted. His solution, in economic and political terms, was to take hierarchy out of the equation. No more rich and poor people, the thinking goes, no more conflict, no more needless wars, no more senseless death, no more greedy managers exploiting working men and women (and children). In practice, this was not usually the case historically, but he changed how historians and scholars in all fields think. His epistemological framework — materialism — inspired historians to look at what contemporaries who were not always historians said about the times they lived in. My wife and I received regular updates from the frontlines in Artsakh, and they were narrating history in ways that historians who think about broad ideas may not. He re-inspired scientists to examine the facts, the material realities, before leaning too heavily on scientific theories that were tempting but untested. He inspired literary critics to consider elements of class, race, and gender — all hierarchies — in their analyses of literature. Fourth, this emphasis on race, class, and gender plays out extensively in Flatland. The Colour Revolt is essentially a not-so-subtle evaluation of communism:Many of them, he said, were on the point of being admitted to the class of the Regular Triangles; others anticipated for their children a distinction they could not hope for themselves. That honourable ambition would now have to be sacrificed. With the universal adoption of Colour, all distinctions would cease; Regularity would be confused with Irregularity; development would give place to retrogression; the Workman would in a few generations be degraded to the level of the Military or even the Convict Class; political power would be in the hands of the greatest number, that is to say, the Criminal Classes. (25)This would be the end of division, but would those with even just a little bit, be willing to give that little bit up? Would they be willing to give up the “progress” of their offspring to gain equality? Fifth, if idealism were superior, wouldn’t it be possible to explain the 3rd dimension to the priests? Or do even priests need materialism to understand complex ideas? Sixth, this will be excellent practice in synthesizing a complex and rich philosophical tradition with the literature you are reading.Outline of The Communist Manifesto (With Notes)Outline:I.Purpose: Everyone misunderstands communism, so here is our philosophy.“The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” (WOW! This is huge. At a time when most people think in terms of lineage, honor, nationalism, and other tropes, Marx says, in effect, “Nope! All history is rich people staying rich by keeping poor people in their place!”)Permanent Expansion: Capitalism requires endless growth. America expanded markets, but markets must always expand so workers expand. Constant expansion is necessary for capitalism to work. This means infinite growth with finite resources.Burghers slowly gain power. The bourgeoisie makes everything about “Cash payment”: There are the wealthy, what Noam Chomsky will call the owners of society and what Marx calls the aristocracy, who control the national and global markets on a grand scale; the rich, which Marx calls the bourgeoisie, the prosperous middle class who own and control the means of production (i.e. companies, industries, etc.); and the working poor, the proletariat (which greatly outnumber all other classes!) who do the actual work.Every occupation is stripped of honor; everyone is a wage laborer. The family is a “money relation” We reduce everyone, even our family members, to financial obligations (college tuition!) or benefits (tax write-off!). Feast or famine: Need more markets or exploit old ones more – or people are out of work (while bourgeois stay rich) Marx understands that capitalism runs on colonialism and imperialism the way America runs on Dunkin Donuts. We need to keep conquering people and subjugating nations to the will of pushing their wealth upward. Transforms workers into a commodity. People become things, cogs in a machine, numbers in a giant game.The worse the work, the less the pay.Eventually, the lower strata of middle class (shopkeepers, tradespeople) sinks to the proletariat – (Marx predicts the death of middle class / Go Walmart!) In the 1950s, people laughed at this idea. Now, even Fortune magazine (Links to an external site.) admits this prediction is coming true.Proletariat rebellion in stages: individual, factory, trade, group. Rebellion will start with individual people, then gradually become larger and larger. The inequity of class, race, gender, and other groups is manufactured by monetary dissections, and these groups will eventually protest this reality.Proletarians fight “the enemies of their enemies” – the aristocracy. The aristocracy, the upper class, is seen as the enemy by the 99% but it’s the middle that sucks them dry the most. Marx, however, famously predicted that capitalism would end the middle class. In the 1950s, people called Marx crazy for this declaration. Now, it’s a genuine fear.Need unions — Unions create balance by striking fear into the aristocracyDestroy individual property! The only way to stop constant exploitation and the configuring of other groups — racial, social, sexual — as the other is to make all of us the same. No more hierarchy!Most movements are the minority crushing the majority; the communist movement is the majority crushing the minorityIn order to oppress a class, you must ensure that it can maintain its existence. Bourgeoisie has failed. In other words, the poor have to stay alive enough to be persecuted. If they feel that their survival is impossible, they will revolt.“Working Men of All Countries, Unite!” (Famous li
Glendale Community College Flatland and The Marxian Theory Discussion

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