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Discussing the management of motivation and examining the theories involve and the advantages and disadvantages of these tools. Expository Essay

In this century, the HR department of any organization or institution is increasingly becoming the most important in these organisations. This department shoulders one aspect of the organization that can determine the success or the failure of the company or the organization. Managers therefore are supposed to handle the human factor with a lot of care to make sure that they achieve the objectives that they have set for their organizations. With the current wave of economic downturns, recessions and hard times, business will now turn on establishing well-managed human resource in organizations (Ebadan and Winstanley, 1997). In this same spirit, that motivation of the employees comes onboard. Motivation is a key factor in any organisation and can be directly linked to the success or failure of their operations. For this reason the importance of motivation in the workplace can be appreciated and the need for all managers to manage through motivation, by balancing incentives. This essay therefore discusses some theories of motivation with the aim of establishing the most appropriate way of handling the whole issue. In this, the paper will focus on discussing the advantages and disadvantages of Performance Related Pay (PRP), Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Herzberg’s Hygiene and empowerment of employees, and finally suggest if managers should employ all or one in their management of the human resource or the employees. Kevin and Jeanette (1995) state the fundamental point that “motivation is a notion on which a manager can initiate and direct behavior” (Kevin and Jeanette, 1995). They continue by stating that “an employee’s will be fulfilled as long as they are motivated to do the task set and a managements goals are achieved when he is able to satisfy both the employees’ and the needs of the organisation” (Kevin and Jeanette, 1995). Motivation therefore can be said to be the thing that causes people to act in a certain way in order to fulfil a certain need or attain a certain goal in their endeavours (Baldoni, 2004). The concept of motivation is very dynamic, and this has provided a platform of the growth of many theories. We can state in other words that motivation is a changing idea, and is varying with time. Performance Related Pay is just one of many concepts born from theory, which has been modelled to aid in the motivation of a work force (Ritti as cited in Mullins, 1996:85). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Pay related performance Performance Related Pay (PRP) has grown much in the last few decades in many organisations (Crowe, 1992). The theory of performance-related pay was modelled, as a way to motivate employees and encourage a preferred behaviour due to individuals varying in terms of their own levels of drive, initiative and motivation. Furthermore, this model is based on the fact that monetary rewards to the employees for excellent job accomplished will further psych them up to perform better. The system encourages the setting up of individual goals in accordance to the company or organisation’s goals to make sure that all people work to fulfil the corporate philosophy and company’s main concerns. This is all based on the fact that money is a strong motivator, and anyone would do whatever they can in work to get a desired amount. The company will achieve its objective as individual workers do their best to provide quality and voluminous work. This has a strong advantage on the overall outcome of business endeavours of the company. Advantages of PRP The key argument in favour of PRP is that “it acts as a motivator, by providing both recognition of achievements and incentives in the form of monetary reward” (Torrington and Hall 1995). Further benefits acknowledged by Torrington and Hall. (1995), include the fact that “individuals can identify closely with their employers goals and that this can increase productivity and encourage quality, flexibility and teamwork” (Torrington and Hall 1995). This will, with doubt be an advantage in the recruitment of the workers or the staff members, and furthermore encourage their retention. One major benefit of PRP is that any organisational targets will become the prime concern of the individual. If that is so, the organisation will present its strategy in a clear way to outline the activities that an individual has to undertake, in order to have the overall goals achieved. Below are examples of some benefits of PRP: As was earlier-mentioned, the main benefit of performance related pay is that the employee makes the companies objectives his or her main concerns. On the outset of pointing out goals for the employees with a clear reward at the end or on achieving the goals, motivates the worker to work hard to attain them. We will write a custom Essay on Discussing the management of motivation and examining the theories involve and the advantages and disadvantages of these tools. specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More To obtain high motivation in the employees, the goals should not be very difficult to reach, and that the reward should be seen as worthy of the efforts invested. The overall advantage of this scheme is very outstanding or clear, that the company will have a motivated employee as it becomes more productive, efficient and effective in all its endeavours. On the ability of retaining workers, the performance related pay would encourage consistency in the company’s performance. This is because of insignificant turnover of workers, which would make the company spend a lot on training and orienting the new comers. The other part of this advantage is that the company holds on to the excellent performers only, increasing the productivity of the company. The other thing is that these employees will always work to gain higher performance and so guaranteeing continuous appraisal of their standards and hence the organisational standards. This will result to better performance each time they set new goals, being encouraged by the pay bonuses. PRP does not allows the company to avoid promoting high achievers to higher levels of responsibilities for the monetary reward always counters the desire of going to higher levels of responsibilities (Wright, 1991). The company will therefore avoid the making the structure of the organization overly full and intricate by promoting the employees who are performing highly. High performance in individuals does not always indicate the ability to shoulder responsibilities at higher levels in an organization. PRP will effectively discourage this habit. Finally, the other fact that is related to this is that the organization or the company’s management will have full control over its workers through using performance related pay system. Work objectives are clear and specific, with a full understanding of what needs to be achieved. In this case, every person sets his or her objectives keenly keeping in mind that quality of their work will guarantee them direct reward. This will help in the growth of individuals in one basic direction. This is in skills and competencies that will help to achieve their individual goals of the company. Performance related pay also gives an idea of where the future of the company is. We can say that as the workers contribute the tireless efforts now, they also look forward to continued rewards and so they will keep the company forging forward into the future. On this point, incentives will encourage innovativeness of the workers, as they would want to improve continuously on their performance to sustain their rewards. Cons of PRP Murphy, K, and Cleveland, J. (1995) have questioned the degree to which PRP acts as a motivator, or moreover the degree to which money itself motivates. Murphy and Cleveland (1995) go on to state that “many managers are aware that the job itself is the source of true motivation and not the pay” (Murphy and Cleveland (1995). In Contrast, Mabey and Salaman, (1995) state that, “managers admire the idea of linking a proportion of an employees pay to the achievement of a specific objectives” (Salaman and, Mabey 1995). Not sure if you can write a paper on Discussing the management of motivation and examining the theories involve and the advantages and disadvantages of these tools. by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Kessler and Purcell, (1992) acknowledges that PRP has “attracted a lot of criticism from academic researchers” (Kessler and Purcell, 1992). They attacked many varying aspects related to PRP, and announced, “PRP has underlying flaws which cannot be overcome” (Kessler and Purcell, 1992). The further explain their reasoning for this statement by recognising that “psychologists question the use of money to motivate employees and Sociologists think it as a tool to administer management control” (Kessler and Purcell, 1992). According to Mabey and Salaman(1995), the satisfaction and motivational benefit of a reward system is a characteristic of the perceived equity of the reward system (Mabey and Salaman1995). Without this perceived fairness, employee trust in the practice is likely to be low and there is a chance that the connection between performance and pay will not be acknowledged as being a positive one (Kessler, 1995). The question of fairness is even more of an issue in more narrow organisations where opportunities for promotion may be limited Marsden and Richardson (1994). Marsden and Richardson (1994) goes on to state, “in addition to the question of fairness, problems linked with PRP involve a tendency toward a short-term focus on goals while neglecting long-term issues” (Marsden, Richardson 1994). Heneman (1992) states however, “It would be right to acknowledge that PRP provided a significant opportunity to interact on a more frequent basis with the supervisor, with the intention of discussing the goals being undertaken” (Heneman, 1992). Heneman, (1992), goes onto discuss a range of drawbacks with the PRP strategy. A major issue discussed, is the measurement of performance as a great difficulty with the PRP strategy. Below are a few examples. PRP assume money is the best reward. This is a possible downside to this approach as discussed by Kessler (1995), is that “the employee may centre their attention solely on what he/she believes will allow them to achieve this target, therefore neglecting other areas of their work” (Kessler, 1995). It is not successful in improving employee motivation, as we look at its ability of creating clarity of goals. As some look at it as an opportunity, some will feel that they are greatly pressurised to perform. This is highly de-motivating, as these people may not see it necessary to harbour excessive pressure just because of monetary rewards. PRP negatively affects teamwork and cooperation can suffer. Discriminating between individual contributions may have a negative effect. In the same way as it also encourages individuals to focus only on goals, which they have to achieve, but not to work together as a team (Cannell and Wood, 1992). This is because every one of them is focusing on the reward given at obtaining the personal objective. The discordance that may arise will work negatively on the overall goal achievement of the company. If one individual is rewarded and the other is not rewarded, on an occasion that the performance rating is not clear to the party that has not been rewarded, the individual will become de-motivated, and that will obviously strangle some departments in the company. In addition to this, the goals that are not achieved are equally de-motivating, as the company cannot reward the effort invested in trying to obtain these goals. Risk taking in such a case will not be encouraged. If the effort would be rewarded, then the workers would be willing to take more risks into activities that they think will guarantee success. If people are de-motivated on such grounds, the result is definite that the organisation will underperform (Marsden and Richardson, 1994). PRP encourages narrow focus on short-term objectives, neglecting the long-term goals. Every time they achieve the short-term goals, they will be forced to go into another lapse of projecting in the near future to establish the appropriate activities to undertake. In the current dynamic economic situation, being un-strategic is very dangerous for an organisation and son PRP will be the wrong scheme of motivation to dwell on. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs This is a hierarchical arrangement of needs. The need one experiences is always dependant on those that are already fulfilled. The hierarchy is arranged to show that one level of need has to be met before one desires the next. These needs are: Physiological needs, these include the bodies automatic efforts to function, i.e. lack of food, desire for water, and the need for clean air also deep sensory delight. Safety needs, security and comfort, freedom from pain, or physical attack, this is the need for order, Love needs or social needs, a sense of belonging, friendship and social activities, this is not just receiving the need it is giving the need to others, Esteem needs, This includes the receiving of respect, confidence and strength, obtaining a prestige status and being given the respect from that position, Self actualisation needs, when and if one has reached their full potential, what we can be given the chance (Maslow (1943) cited in Mullins, 1996:40). Thomas (2000), acknowledges that, “Maslow proposed, once the lower levels of the hierarchy we reached they would no longer have an effect on motivation. Also suggested is that very few individuals would reach the top layer and that these needs were crossing cultural” (Thomas, 2000). Starting from the base of the pyramid, the needs turn out to be increasingly more isolated from the essential survival, or physiological needs (Smith, 1992). As we have aforementioned, the fact is that a larger percentage of previous need should be met before the next one shows up. The fist four needs are known as deficiency needs. These needs arise because of lack of some things. If these needs are not met, it is difficult to move further than the fundamental psychological efforts needed for our being. The four are basically are intrinsic and some people refer to them as animalistic. If the above needs are met, then the next needs can be met. These higher needs are called growth needs. If these needs are met to a higher percentage, people endeavour to exploit their full potentials in various things. This is moving to self actualization. The final place is going beyond oneself to help others reach the highest needs. This is what is referred to as transcendence. Maslow’s theory implication to management The theory gives some important suggestions in the management of a company or an organization. These are chances for managing the workers through various ways, depending on specific aspects. The management can motivate them through provision of psychological needs, such as providing wedges that are enough for the acquisition of the fundamental needs. For safety needs, the workers will need an environment that is safe to work in. They will also nee to be assured that their job is secure, and that they are guaranteed of such things as retirement benefits. For the social needs, teamwork would play a major role. Social events too will enhance the provision of the social needs. Recognizing the milestones that the workers have come through will work well for meeting their esteem needs. This is making them know that their achievements have been appreciated. Creating opportunities that offer challenging situation to provoke the workers to exploit their full potential will serve well in meeting the need for self-actualization. In doing these, the managers should treat each employee differently. This is because there is no time the people are at same need level. The factors that will motivate them are therefore different and so each should be carefully and individually identified. The limitation of this Theory It is not in all cases that people seek for needs hierarchically. We have some cultures that exalt social needs beyond self-actualization, we have some people who forsake the search of such basic needs as food to seek higher needs such as esteem, for example ‘the starving artists’. The other thing is that it is not true that people work at satisfying one need at a time; some can be sought for concurrently, unless there have conflicting interest. Herzberg’s Factor Theory Herzberg makes a continuation of Maslow’s theory by coming up with two parts of motivation. “Hygiene or maintenance factors, which serve to prevent dissatisfaction; these include job security, salary, company policy, conditions of work, and interpersonal skill” (Herzberg cited in Mullins 1996:494). The second one is the suggested “motivators or growth factors, including achievement, responsibility, recognition and personal growth” (Herzberg cited in Mullins, 1996:494). Thomas (2000), acknowledges, “Herzberg’s hygiene factors associate closely related with Maslow’s lower order” (Thomas, 2000). He further says, “Attention to hygiene will prevent dissatisfaction, but will not motivate, where as growth of the satisfiers will motivate employees” (Thomas, 2000). Laxmikanth (2009) says, “Herzberg found out that the set of factors involved in the job satisfaction events were entirely different from the set of factors involved in the job dissatisfaction events” (Laxmikanth 2009). He further states that, “He called the former set of factors as ‘satisfiers’ (motivators or growth factors or intrinsic factors) and the latter set of factors dissatisfies (hygiene factors or extrinsic factors)” (Laxmikanth 2009). Relation to management From this theory, managers should strive for job enrichment that would provide the intrinsic values and motivation to the workers. From this theory, we have the following aspects: the company should create jobs with enough challenge to utilize the full potential of the employees. Those who have more ability should be assigned more responsibility. This will further motivate them to exploit their potentials. The third aspect is that if a certain type of work cannot fully utilize the potential of employees, the management should think of automating the job or putting there employees who have lower ability to fit the low demand of the work. The fact behind this aspect is that under utilization of an employee causes de-motivation. Limitation The two-factor is explicit because it is a way of nature to welcome accolades for satisfaction and to censure external issues for dissatisfaction. It is not a guarantee that the presence of job satisfaction insinuates high motivation among the workers. Thompson and McHugh (2002) state in criticism of Herzberg’s work that, “employees are more likely to reflect the satisfying events at work, as what they have achieved, their own performance” (Thompson and McHugh 2002). Employee Empowerment “In the empowerment of employee’s, an employee’s role has changed” (Osborne and Plastrik, 2000). Some organisations have begun to address their employee’s as associates, (Guest 1999). Guest (1999) continues by acknowledging, “The move towards management empowering employees is seen as rewarding and motivational by putting more value on the individual. We can define it simply as giving up the right of make certain decisions, and transferring it to the juniors. It is an acceptable management practice where workers are increasingly demanding that they be part of decision makers in what concerns them and the running of the organizations. They are slowly rejecting places where they are not allowed to be part of the decision making process. The managers will now change from being the sole decision makers to becoming coordinators of the activities in the company or the organisation (Brown, 1995). Among the many factors that lead to effective empowerment, the culture of the organization is very important. This is what will determine the level of empowerment among the employees. An example is if managers are threatened by loosing power. The managers too should be careful to know in what and when to empower the employees. According to this theory, people are increasingly motivated as the have an increasing sense of self-determination. This goes alongside the feeling that one is increasingly becoming competent. This results from the growing sense of self-effectiveness. This will make them confident of themselves and will be determined to work more to prove their competence. Managers should therefore improve self-efficacy for it is a very vital tool for empowerment. Advantages It creates trust between the team members, the workers and the managers. In this way, people are able to work giving the highest value and priority to the goals of the organisation. Empowering the employees will also energize them in what they are doing, to strive to do the best for they feel that they are part of the whole process and the organization. That is to say that they have been motivated and will work to obtain the best results. It has also the overall effect of improving the performance of the workers because they make people fully responsible for their actions, and working. It also exposes workers to many learning opportunities and so making them to learn and develop in various fields in the organization. In succession, there would be no difficulty in getting a person to fit in the position of the outgoing leader. This is from the fact that all people were involved in doing things the leader would be doing. Gronfeldt and Strother suggests that there are three main benefits, “The main three benefits are believed to be (a) enhanced responsiveness to customer needs, (b) better handling of service breakdowns, and (c) enhanced job satisfaction”( Gronfeldt and Strother, 2006). Limitations The most outstanding disadvantage here is the individual ability. If a person knows that they are not able to carryout a certain task, could be from previous experiences, it will be difficult for him to handle such future responsibilities. To empower them will not help improve their abilities (Armstrong, 1994). The other thing is that people have to be trained intensively on how to handle the company’s procedures leading to more costs in terms of training. The motivational issues of today leave much to be discussed and developed as they did many decades ago (Storey and Sisson, 1993). This paper has discussed the overview of the four theories and has looked at the merits and the demerits of each. It is there good to observe that not all will apply in all cases when motivating employees. They should be considered in a careful balance in order to achieve an overall management style that keeps the workers motivated as they contribute their potentials to the organisation. References Armstrong, M. 1994. “Performance Management”. London: Clays Ltd. Baldoni, J. 2005. Great motivation secrets of great leaders, Volume 2004. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional Brown, A, 1995. “Organisational Culture”. London: Pitman Publishing. Cannell, M and S Wood, (1992). “Incentive Pay – Impact and Evolution.” London: Institute of Personnel Management. Crowe, D, 199. A new approach to reward management’ in Armstrong, M (Ed) Strategies For Human Resource Management. London: Kogan Page. Ebadan, G. and Winstanley, D., 1997. Blackwell Synergy; Downsizing, Delayering and Careers –The survivors’ perspective. Human Resource Management Journal. Vol.7 No1, pp 79 – 84. Grönfeldt, S. and Strother, B. J., 2006. Service leadership: the quest for competitive advantage. California: SAGE. Guest, D. 1999. “Human Resource Management–The Workers’ Verdict. Human Resource Management Journal”, London, 1999.Vol.9 pp 20 – 55 Kessler, I. 1995. ‘Reward systems’, in Storey, J” (Ed) Human Resource Management – A Critical Text. London: Routledge. Kessler, I. and Purcell, J. 1992. “Performance related pay: theory and practice”’, Human Resource Management Journal, Vol. 7 No. 5, pp 45 – 60 Laxmikanth, M. 2009. Public Administration For Upsc 5E Tata. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill. Mabey, C. and Salaman, G. 1995. Strategic Human Resource Management, Oxford: Blackwell. Marsden, D. and Richardson, R. (1994). “Performing for pay? the effects of “merit pay” on motivation in a public sector?”. British Journal Of Industrial Relations, Vol. 33. Mullins, L. 1996. “Management and Organisational Behaviour”, Pitman Publishing, London Mullins, L. 2005. Management and Organisational Behaviour”, Prentice Hall, Pearson Education, Edinburgh Murphy, Kevin, and Cleveland, Jeanette (1995). “Understanding Performance Appraisal”. Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE. Osborne, D. and Plastrik, P., 2000. The reinventor’s fieldbook: tools for transforming your government. New York: Jossey-Bass. Salaman, G. and Mabey, C. 1995. “Strategic Human Resource Management”. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell. Smith, I. 1992. “Reward management and HRM’, in P. Blyton and P”. Turnbull Reassessing Human Resource Management. London: Sage. pp. 169–184. Storey, J. 1992. “Developments in the Management of Human Resources”. Oxford: Blackwell Storey, J and Sisson, K. 1993. “Managing Human Resources And Industrial Relations”. Buckingham: Open University Press. Thomas, K (2000) “Intrinsic motivation at work building energy
Develop the Planning Phase of a Project Using Microsoft Project. I need an explanation for this Business question to help me study.

This project requires me to develop the planning phase of a “playground building” project while utilizing Microsoft Project. I have attached a PowerPoint with most of the information needed regarding the playground. Some of the basic information needed is:
Project Start- December 1, 2019; Project End April 15, 2020 (grand opening April 28, 2020); Budget $25,000; Milestones:
December 2019- Early stages of the proposed playground model and equipment that will be utilized
January 2020- Apply for the necessary permits and frequent communication with the stakeholders

February 2020- Test soil, cut asphalt

March 2020- Excavate compacted gravel, import new soil, mulch, rocks

April 2020- Assemble the equipment and April 28th the grand opening of the playground.

Assignment Content:
Prepare a 7- to 10-slide presentation with speaker notes that illustrates the Planning Phase project deliverables.
Include slides for the following elements in your presentation:
· Project Management Plan developed using Microsoft® Project with the following columns:
· Task
· Duration
· Start
· Finish
· Resource
· Cost
· Make sure that you turn on “Show Project Summary Task” in the “Advanced” menu under “File/Options” in MS Project.
· Project Schedule
· Project Budget
Describe in the speaker notes:
· The steps taken by the team throughout the Planning Phase of the project.
· The methods that the team used to plan the project schedule.
· The method(s) used to develop the project budget and timeline.
· An analysis of the preferred time and cost methods selected for the project.

Review the below grading rubric:

Develop the Planning Phase of a Project Using Microsoft Project

Mathematics homework help. This is a paper that is requiring the student to discuss the danger of a single story and Binyavanga Wainana’s article. The paper also provides additional information to use in the writing of the assignment paper. Below is the assessment description to follow:,The danger of a single story and Binyavanga Wainana’s article,Prompt: What are some of the common themes in Chimananda Ngozi Adichie’s TED Talk, “The danger of a single story,” and Binyavanga Wainana’s article “How to write about Africa”? Choose any 3 themes that appear in both these texts and write a 3-4-page-long comparative essay on it.,Directions:,1. Firstly, your paper should have a title and be formatted in the prescribed MLA format,2. It should be 3-4 pages long (including a separate Works Cited page).,3. You need to provide citations for any external sources that inform your paper and/or the main texts that you quote/summarize/paraphrase from. If you decide to use Ngozi’s TED transcript for purposes of in-text citation, make sure you number the pages on the transcript and use these inserted page numbers while providing an in-text citation for Ngozi’s text. However, if you choose to use in-text citations from the video, (Links to an external site.), /TED Talk itself, you need to provide the exact time (hour: minute: second) of the occurrence of your material in the video.,4. Make use of transition words, (Links to an external site.), to indicate movement from the discussion of one text or theme to another. Refer to the list of transitions provided on Canvas for ideas.,5. You can choose any 1 method of organization for your comparative essay (either the, Block Method of organization, or the Point-by-Point Method). This document will give you a clear idea of what is expected from the essay.,Ensure that you follow the instructions provided keenly. Marking of the assignment is on how you do the task and also how you submit the assignment too. In case of any question feel free to ask your instructor for more guidelines before doing the assignment.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Mathematics homework help
ENGL 101 Liberty University American Public Education Reform Thesis Outline.

Proposal (Classical) Thesis/Outline Instructionsand Checklistessay 1Thesis Statement/Outline AssignmentIn Module/Week 2, you must develop a thesis statement andoutline for the 1,000-1,200 word proposal argument essay that you will write in Module/Week 3.Your thesis/outline assignment should include a clear thesis statement with a clear proposal argument and an outline of your plan of supportfollowing the Classical Model of argument. The research sources for this essay have been provided for you in our course. Any additional sources that you may choose to use must be credible academic sources.You must integrate a total ofat least 4 quotations, summaries and/or paraphrases from at least 3 credible academic sources to support your thesis statement and provide opposing arguments. Be sure to document your sources correctly according to your documentation style (Current APA, MLA, or Turabian).You may include biblical support, but it does not count in the required citations.
ENGL 101 Liberty University American Public Education Reform Thesis Outline

CCN Popular Vote and the Electoral College Vote in the US Election Presentation

CCN Popular Vote and the Electoral College Vote in the US Election Presentation.

Pick one US election where the outcome of the popular vote and the electoral college vote differed to create an argument in favor of or opposed to the use of the electoral college. List at least three valid points to support your argument. Present you argument in a PowerPoint presentation.As you complete your presentation, be sure to:Use speaker’s notes to expand upon the bullet point main ideas on your slides, making references to research and theory with citation.Proof your workUse visuals (pictures, video, narration, graphs, etc.) to compliment the text in your presentation and to reinforce your content.Do not just write a paper and copy chunks of it into each slide. Treat this as if you were going to give this presentation live.Presentation Requirements (APA format) Length: 8-10 substantive slides (excluding cover and references slides)  Font should not be smaller than size 16-point  Parenthetical in-text citations included and formatted in APA style  References slide (a minimum of 2 outside scholarly sources plus the textbook and/or the weekly lesson for each course outcome) 
CCN Popular Vote and the Electoral College Vote in the US Election Presentation

Production Analysis Assignment

assignment helper Production Analysis Assignment.

Hi, I attended my school theatre department’s production of Marie Antoinette. I need to write an essay in which you analyze one aspect of that production. In this essay, you will be relying on the performance rather than the written text as the basis for your argument and analysis. In other words, you won’t be offering an interpretation of a piece of dramatic literature, but rather you will be analyzing how a specific element of production was put to use in the production. The aspect I took note for is costuming and makeup. So you will discuss the costuming and makeup and how they were used in the production and what is there effect on the play and telling the story. its a 3 pages minimum. please only use credible sources.These are My notes on the production. it may help: (ignore my notes on the stage.)- the stage is is rectangular. and the audience are surrounding the stage from the 2 long sides.- The actors enter the stage from all sides. – when inside a palace, there are three empty, luxurious frames on three sides of the stage. – there are 3 chairs and side table. they change its arrangements to suite the Scene. – the sheep was portrayed by a person wearing a white wool hoodie and black pants carrying a doll sheep. (how would this help the story telling? )- The dresses are stylish and elegant. And the wigs are big but not as huge as other productions. the make up is heavy.- when the king was fleeing with his family they were dressing like farmers, and Marie has no make up. – Marie’s cloth on the execution scene was very simple white wear. thank you.
Production Analysis Assignment

ENS Calculate Equivalent Resistance for Circuit of Resistors in Series Physics Ques

ENS Calculate Equivalent Resistance for Circuit of Resistors in Series Physics Ques.

I’m working on a physics test / quiz prep and need support to help me study.

Study Guide:Unit 1: ElectricityDistinguish between electrical potential energy, electric potential, and potential difference. Solve problems involving electrical energy and potential difference.Relate capacitance to the storage of electrical potential energy in the form of separated charges.Calculate the capacitance of various devices.Calculate the energy stored in a capacitor.Describe the basic properties of electric current, and solve problems relating to current, charge, and time.Calculate resistance, current, and potential difference by using the definition of resistance.Distinguish between ohmic and non-ohmic materials, and learn what factors affect resistance.Calculate electric power and the cost of running electrical appliances.Interpret and construct circuit diagrams. Identify circuits as open or closed.Deduce the potential difference across the circuit load, given the potential difference across the battery’s terminals.Calculate the equivalent resistance for a circuit of resistors in series, and find the current in and potential difference across each resistor in the circuit.Calculate the equivalent resistance for a circuit of resistors in parallel, and find the current in and potential difference across each resistor in the circuit.Calculate the equivalent resistance for a complex circuit involving both series and parallel portions.Unit 2: MagnetismFor given situations, predict whether magnets will repel or attract each other.Describe the magnetic field around a permanent magnet.Describe the magnetic field produced by current in a straight conductor and in a solenoid.Use the right-hand rule to determine the direction of the magnetic field in a current-carrying wire.Given the force on a charge in a magnetic field, determine the strength of the magnetic field.Use the right-hand rule to find the direction of the force on a charge moving through a magnetic field.Determine the magnitude and direction of the force on a wire carrying current in a magnetic field.Unit 3: Electromagnetic inductionRecognize that relative motion between a conductor and a the magnetic field induces an emf in the conductor.Explain, how changing magnetic flux produce an induced emf?Describe how the change in the number of magnetic field lines through a circuit loop affects the magnitude and direction of the induced electric current.Apply Lenz’s law and Faraday’s law of induction to solve problems involving induced emf and current.
ENS Calculate Equivalent Resistance for Circuit of Resistors in Series Physics Ques

Capella University Frankfort Nachmias and Leon Guerrero Statistics Discussion

Capella University Frankfort Nachmias and Leon Guerrero Statistics Discussion.

Write 350 words Frankfort-Nachmias & Leon-Guerrero (2018) explain “statistics is a set of procedures used by social scientists to organize, summarize, and communicate numerical information. Only information represented by numbers can be the subject of statistical analysis” (p.18).Write a 250- to 300-word response to the following:How do you plan to use what you learn in this course in your personal or professional life?What specific information are you hoping to learn to apply in your dissertation?Reference: Frankfort-Nachmias, C., & Leon-Guerrero, A. (2018). Social statistics for a diverse society (8th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Capella University Frankfort Nachmias and Leon Guerrero Statistics Discussion