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Differences in Competencies Associate vs Baccalaureate

Since the inception of the Associate Degree in Nursing there has been research and discussion as to whether this degree should continue. This is due to the adversity in the level of competency between the two. Current popular thought is that the entry level into nursing should be the Bachelor of Science in Nursing. I also believe the Associate Degrees’ time is over. The increase in the complexity of medicine should make the baseline in nursing should be the Baccalaureate Degree. It has been shown that a nurse’s level of education can become a major factor to the safety and quality of care of their patients. There has been an increase in studies over the years that directly examine patient outcomes in similar situations between Associate Degree Nursing (AD) and Baccalaureate Degree Nursing further know as (BSN) (Fagin, 2001) Fagin, (2001, para. 50) while citing Green stated: Surveys revealed that nurses who had an ADN as their core education were destined to be charged nine times more often with violations than those with a BSN degree. These findings, significantly, tracked almost exactly those noted by the state of Texas in a similar study. The state of New York and the State of Texas both conducted separate studies that were conducted in the year 1996. Both of these studies agree on the point that there is a significantly higher degree in levels of medication errors and procedural mistakes made by nurses that are from Associate Degree and Diploma Degree nurses as compared to that of a Bachelor of Science Nurse. These results are equivalent with the results disclosed in the July/August 2002 issue of Nurse Educator magazine (Fagin, 2002). Research has shown that when you have a shortage of registered nurses at the baccalaureate and higher degree it is endangering the safety of the patient. In a study done at the University of Pennsylvania they found that patients experience a significantly lower death and failure to rescue rates where there are more baccalaureate degree nurses providing direct patient care. The study stated there were a total of at least 1,700 deaths that could have been prevented if the facilities had in their employment a minimum of 60 percent of baccalaureate trained nurses and a nurse patient ratio no higher than one to four (Aiken, 2003). The studies have shown that nurses that have gone thru the baccalaureate program have a higher degree in articulation and problem deciphering abilities (Johnson, 1988) and are more proficient in their ability with nursing diagnosis and the evaluation of nursing interventions (Giger

California State University Industry Average & Financial Accounting Worksheet

California State University Industry Average & Financial Accounting Worksheet.

You need to analyze the following company: Chipotle Mexican Grill (CMG). You may do this analysis in Microsoft Excel (Preferred). You must show your company data with web citation, and clearly show all ratio inputs and output values. (Note: If using Microsoft excel, please use cell references for computation of ratios.)Source the past 3 years financial statements for your company.Download (or copy/paste) the annual income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements for the last 3 fiscal years (2017, 2018, 2019) from your company from either: SEC Website, Annual reports, Google Finance or other site. Enter the company’s stock symbol and then go to “financials”. Copy and paste the financial statements into Word. It is best to put the individual financial statements on separate sheets (tabs) within the workbook.2.For each of the 3 years, compute the following ratios for each firm:Current ratio, Inventory turnover, Operating margin, Net profit margin3. Obtain industry averages for your respective firm from Zack’s, y-charts, google finance, or other site. Cite your source by copying the URL to your document. Compare the firm’s 2019 ratio to the available industry ratios for the most recent year (2019 or 2020 is ok). Comment on your firm’s ratio’s compared to its industry.4. Analyze the performance of your firm (ratios) versus its industry (Peer analysis – against benchmark) and comment on any trends (Trend analysis – over time) in each individual firm’s performance. Comment on both the peer analysis and the trend analysis. A couple sentence is adequate.5. Identify any/all strengths or weakness, including qualitative factors, which you find in your firm. Answer the question: “Would you invest in this firm?” A couple sentences is adequate.
California State University Industry Average & Financial Accounting Worksheet

Research Into Paracetamol

assignment writer Research Into Paracetamol. The pharmaceutical industry was estimated to turnover 773 billion in 2008, however not all of this revenue was taken as profit; a significant cost goes into research and industry guideline compliance for products. With regards to new generic medications, proving bioequivalence is crucial to success, however necessary in vivo testing can be costly ((EMAMI). Drugs which meet a certain Biopharmaceutics Classification System criteria may be exempt from these expensive tests and may be permitted a biowaiver (2). This allows in vitro dissolution testing in place of in vivo plasma analysis. Paracetamol is one such drug that has qualities which place it at the borderline of biowaiver suitability (2). It is the world’s most commonly used analgesic (3), although the question arises as to whether all preparations as effective as each other? More specifically we ask, is there is any significant difference between the dissolution profile of paracetamol generics? This literature review is in preparation of experimental tests designed to ascertain if there is any difference in dissolution profile of eight PBS listed bioequivalent prepararations, and whether this difference may correlate to a clinical significance in such a common place drug, used by so many. Search Strategy All data was sourced through internet databases, i.e. Medline, Pubmed, and Cochrane Library. The search engines Google Scholar and UWA library were also utilized. Keywords included. KEY WORDS – Paracetamol, acetaminophen, bioequivalent (therapeutic equivalency), Delayed-action Preparations, Pharmaceutical Preparations, Tablets, Drug Compounding, Chemistry, Pharmaceutical, Observer Variation, Dissolution, Metabolism, In vitro, Drug Content, IVIVC, In vivo, Bioavailability and Correlation. Once appropriate articles were sourced, citing and cited articles were also evaluated. Paracetamol History Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is one of the world’s most popular drugs for the treatment of pain and fever (3). It was first synthesized in 1878 by Morse, and was used clinically for the first time in 1887 by von Merring (3, 4). Paracetamol fell into obscurity shortly thereafter in favour of other chemically related drugs such as phenacetin (4). However, phenacetin was later found to be nephrotoxic, and the search for a substitute arose (4). In 1950, a study from Brodie and Axelrod rediscovered paracetamol’s suitable analgesic properties (3). Although, this drug did not experience widespread acceptance until the 1970’s due to unfounded concerns about safety; but from then on, it became the most commonly used medication for pain (3). In many countries, such as the United Kingdom, paracetamol sales have exceeded those of aspirin since 1980 (3). Physicochemical properties Paracetamol or N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) acetamide, is a white crystalline powder with a melting point of 168-172’C (Martindale). It is sparingly soluble in water, ie. one part of paracetamol is soluble in 70 parts of water at room temperature (2). It is also freely soluble in alcohol (Martindale) Paracetamol shows maximal UV absorption at a wavelength of 249nm and is reported to have a pKa of 9.5 at 25’C (2). PharmacologyResearch Into Paracetamol

Tudor Dynasty

Tudor Dynasty.

1. The Tudor dynasty included some of the best-known figures in English Royal history, including Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. The History of the British Monarchy website (Links to an external site.) has extensive information on each of the Tudor rulers and their sometimes-bloody history. Click on the names of the rulers on this page to read about them. Please select AT LEAST TWO monarchs to read about in detail: Henry VII (Links to an external site.), Henry VIII (Links to an external site.), Edward VI (Links to an external site.), Lady Jane Grey (Links to an external site.), Mary I (Links to an external site.), Elizabeth I (Links to an external site.). (You do not have to read about all of the monarchs unless you want to!)Then, in your assignment, discuss the cultural, social, and political contributions of the TWO (or more) Tudor monarchs you learned about. Consider the role of each ruler in the many changes that took place during the Reformation and Northern Renaissance. Make sure you use proper citation format for any direct quotes from the website.
Tudor Dynasty

Business strategy of Pakistani Ice cream company

Established in Pakistan, Ice Age Ltd. Company established manufacturing and selling ice cream shop. This project will have significant implications in the situation today and the cumulative weight of the disease among youth and adults because of increased intake of fat and sugar because of the cumulative satisfactory corruption in ice cream and juice. Making all kinds of ice cream production will be done on site and then be transported to a salon that was established in the heart of the city. Ice Age Ltd. entering the UK market with the aim to launch products as customers’ needs in English. The company will follow the approach of the strategic position of the target market. Ice Age Ltd. have been deposited into the account of income and behavioral factors while designing a product for UK customers. It is important for companies to recognize the behavior of customers before entry into such markets. Business strategy Our business strategy will include the determination of the most lucrative product markets in a period of time to build himself a new product in this segment. The most important factor for the success of the Ice Age Ltd Brand is perception and how far can build a positive image in the minds of customers. The concentration of the business environment, continuing competitive advantage of quality products will provide powerful support for building the market. Important for us to adopt a different strategy for the Indian market because of high customer who will buy them both for their families. So, we will introduce several new strategies to build ourselves up in the Indian market and develop a strong customer base The Model used for preparing the marketing strategy by Ice Age Ltd.. in the UK Market Product Range External Analysis Competitors Analysis Internal Analysis Environment Analysis Marketing Strategies Future Plans Conclusion The first involves the growth vector will get a market-penetration with existing products Ice Age Ltd will strive to attract customers from competitors through strategic positioning and will build a strong brand equity. The growth vector will involve the expansion of the product during his stay in the market today. Ice Age Ltd and will be offering a new product. This will be addressed not only to existing markets but also for the price conscious segment. The third growth vector will perform the same product to new markets. The fourth is the growth vector for the diversification into new product markets. We will focus on the growth of both vector and study strategies related to the Ice Cream markets. Internal Analysis According to recent studies, most of the newly launched products or services fail because of incorrect analysis of internal and external requirements. States should be the most effective and efficient management of all internal problems and needs. Because the internal analysis so use full life cycle and the price really depends on the analysis, the Ice Age Ltd. has taken appropriate and effective to fully analyze all the requirements and conditions of the company. During internal analysis the promoter should take care of the following things Raw material requirement Power supply Labour requirement Working force Capital Working capital Internal rules and regulations Proper management Proper material handling External Analysis Customer Analysis UK market with a broad size and demand base offers great opportunities for marketers. Two-thirds of the country the customer lives in rural areas and nearly half of national income is generated here. Only natural that rural markets are an integral part of the total UK market despite the Pakistani market increased dramatically. Rural Bazar booming beyond expectation of all people. This was mainly credited to the surge in the buying capacity of farmers are now enjoying the effect of increasing surplus of agricultural products. In addition, the induction is expected to be Rs 140 billion in the rural sector through the government’s rural development schemes in the Seventh Plan and about Rs 300 billion during the Eighth Plan is also believed to have contributed to the rapid growth of demand. High income coupled with low cost of living in rural communities means more money to spend. And the market provides those choices, changing trends and tastes well. Be Ice Age Ltd. has decided to penetrate this market with the basic idea of pressing the middle class that has established itself as a market for big knocks in the perception of many national and multinational players then try to forage into the Indian market. Competitors Analysis NEED OF COMPARISION Customer Mindset Customer loyalty has always had a different status for different brands. Sometimes they buy a few signs for the price or sometimes because of the features. Learn the customer mindset is very important as the level of awareness of individual purchases of different brands of unpredictable and always changing. Market The market share of players in the automotive market, two wheels have to be studied to determine which company in the booming and companies which are in the process of closing. Also sharing in advertising and promotion should be studied. Thus, the market helps us to know the current market leaders and followers of the market so we can develop efficient marketing strategies for various products after analyzing the current position of market players. SWOT Analysis SWOT analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats and his opponent a glimpse of the company’s products. Should be compared to obtain the overall analysis of all major companies and to identify companies with better strength, more opportunities and on the other hand the company has more than weaknesses and threats The above diagram represents the sales of the famous Ice Cream parlors in UK and their sales before Ice Age entered the market This diagram represents the sales pattern of all the Ice Cream parlors in UK including Ice Age Ice Cream Parlor after one year from the launch of Ice Age Ltd… (Estimated) Environment Analysis High initial cost of launching Costs associated with the launch of a new business or innovation in existing businesses. There are front ends large investments made in new products, including the cost of product development, market research, marketing and the most important test launching. To create awareness and develop brand new franchise to require very large initial expenditure required in the advertising launch, examples of free and promotional products. Launch costs as high as 50-100% of revenues in the first year and progressively reduce this cost as a sign of maturity, gain customer acceptance and revenue rose. For signs of sustained production of ads varies from 5 – 12% depending on the category. It is common to occasionally drive by re-launching, which involves repositioning the mark with a substantial marketing support. Market research Customers’ purchasing decisions based on the perception of the sign. They also continue to change with fashion, income and lifestyle changes. Unlike industrial products, it is difficult to differentiate products based on technical or functional reasons. With increasing competition, companies spend large amounts on the number of product launches. Market research and test marketing the inevitable. Business is located on two aspects of brand equity and distribution network. Marketing driven In relative terms, the marketing function has a greater interest in the Ice Cream. The players need to reach the mass population and compete with other brands. The difference is felt more than a real difference in the product. Brand equity Brand equity refers to intangible assets in the form of brand names. customer loyalty to particular brands is due to the perception that the product has a distinctively superior quality and consistent, satisfying his / her special needs and provide better value for money than other competitor brands. A sign of success to produce strong cash flow that allows brand owners to reinvest some of it in the form of aggressive advertising and promotion to strengthen the perceived benefits of the sign. The value of a mark created in customer demand at a particular indication or willingness to pay premium prices for signs of selection. Distribution network In this sector, one of the most significant success factor is the ability to build, develop, and maintain a strong distribution network. The availability of near customers is very important for the wider penetration of the product largely of high-value products. It took a very big effort to build a chain of stockists, retailers, distributors, etc., and build loyalty. There are entry barriers for new entrants as new products are usually slow moving and has a lower customer demand. Therefore dealers / retailers are reluctant to allocate resources and time. Established players use their power to block new entrants. However, when the product offers a powerful innovation, build equity faster as well as distribution networks. The main problem encountered while marketing in the UK market: a. The people retreated and left behind Market: Total population in poverty has not diminished in any way sufficient. So people are backward and backward until the market by and large the UK market characteristics. b. Many languages and dialects: Number of languages and dialects vary from country to country, region to region and from district to district as possible. The messages must be delivered in local languages and dialects. Although the number of languages that are only 16, which is estimated at around 850 dialects. c. Spreading false signs and seasonal demand: – For every product there are many brands ‘local variety’, which is cheaper, and, therefore, is required for the masses. d. Different way of thinking: – There is a big difference in people’s lifestyles. Brand choices that customers enjoy a different city from the choices available to rural customers. Rural customers usually have 2 or 3 signs to choose from, while the city has multiple choices. The difference is also in the way of thinking. Rural customers have a simple enough idea, compared with urban partners. Marketing Strategies The concept is to make a product different from competitors, or they. When we look at UK ice cream market, we see that the leader continues Naturals Maintained market leadership by continuously differentiate on the basis of a new taste. And comes with a connection in parallel with regular frequency. The only alternative for the Ice Age Ltd to survive in this industry is to differentiate itself. This differentiation could be on the basis of the marketing mix. (Product, Price, Promotion, Place) Thus, according to different factors of marketing mix four different strategies are made to develop the market in risk in the UK. Target Market Ice Age – Ice Cream Health lounge offers a variety of sugar free ice cream and fat free. Ice cream made with special attention to health conscious people and young people and those suffering from diseases such as diabetes. Ice Age is an exhibition of ice cream that health is the highest of the middle class and wealthy classes of society. For various special flavor and sugar free and fat-free is the Ice Age of Ice more popular among people concerned about health and fitness. Ice Age targets markets where people are willing to buy junk food for healthy appetite and the fact that the Ice Age ice-free completely free of fat and sugar to taste the same original. Ice Age and Ice is a market where people from the age of 1 year to 80 years can enjoy their favorite ice cream, bearing in mind those who are health conscious, diabetics, young, etc. Segmentation Segmentation variables Several variables distinguish clients who prefer a variety of Desserts, such as frequency of consumption, price sensitivity, the relative importance of calories vs. taste, taking advantage (at home, at work, at a social event, for recreation or in a restaurant), and the size of the required to serve. Two of the most important variable is the price sensitivity and tradeoff might taste-calorie. The reason that the price sensitivity is very important is that some customers will pay higher prices for high quality products. Therefore, someone may be able to make great margins selling into that market. On the other hand, there is a large market that will not buy desserts that price is too high, so some manufacturers will want to provide a frozen dessert, the price may be somewhat sacrificed quality. Customers now tend to be more health conscious, and therefore many will want to restrict the number of calories they consume desserts. On the other hand, the desserts are consumed for pleasure, and other customers do not want to sacrifice taste provided by a calorie-rich desserts. There are also certain people who have a high metabolism or engaged in heavy activity, leaving them with little to worry about weight. Frequent or “heavy” consumers of frozen desserts will target large, but this group is not easily identified and reached, the customer is not likely to have different media habits or to certain shops often, for example. Serving size preference is an important issue, but is aimed at a few things by the price sensitivity. The concept is to make the product different from those of its competitor. When we look at the UK Ice Cream market we see that the leader’s naturals have constantly maintained its market leadership by constantly differentiating on the basis of new flavors. And coming up with line extensions with regular frequency. The only alternative for Ice Age Ltd. to survive in this industry will be to distinguish itself. This differentiation could be on the basis of the marketing mix. (Product, Price, Promotion, Place) Thus, as per the different factors of marketing mix 4 Different strategies are made to market in the developing metropolis in UK. Target Market “Ice Age” – the healthy ice cream parlor offers a broad range of sugar free and fat free ice creams. The ice creams are specially made keeping in mind all the health conscious people as well as youth and people who suffer from illness like diabetes. Ice Age is a healthy ice cream parlor which targets the higher middle class and rich class of the society. Due to the variety of flavors and the specialty of being sugar free and fat free makes the Ice Age Ice Creams more popular among the fitness and health conscious people. Ice Age targets the market where people are ready to buy healthy junk food due to their taste buds and the fact that Ice Age Ice Creams are completely fat free and sugar free with the same original taste. Hence Ice Age Ice Creams targets the market where people from age group 1 year to 80 years can enjoy their favorite ice cream keeping in mind health conscious people, diabetic people, young people, etc… Segmentation Segmentation variables Several variables distinguish clients who prefer a variety of Desserts, such as frequency of consumption, price sensitivity, the relative importance of calories vs. taste, taking advantage (at home, at work, at a social event, for recreation or in a restaurant), and the size of the required to serve. Two of the most important variable is the price sensitivity and tradeoff might taste-calorie. The reason that the price sensitivity is very important is that some customers will pay higher prices for high quality products. Therefore, someone may be able to make great margins selling into that market. On the other hand, there is a large market that will not buy desserts that price is too high, so some manufacturers will want to provide a frozen dessert, the price may be somewhat sacrificed quality. Customers now tend to be more health conscious, and therefore many will want to restrict the number of calories they consume desserts. On the other hand, the desserts are consumed for pleasure, and other customers do not want to sacrifice taste provided by a calorie-rich desserts. There are also certain people who have a high metabolism or engaged in heavy activity, leaving them with little to worry about weight. Frequent or “heavy” consumers of frozen desserts will target large, but this group is not easily identified and reached, the customer is not likely to have different media habits or to certain shops often, for example. Serving size preference is an important issue, but is aimed at a few things by the price sensitivity S.W.O.T Analysis Strengths: Less fixed cost required Healthy No side effects Less consumption of sugar Less consumption of fats Reduces chances of illness like diabetes Useful for health conscious people Tasty with health Variety Eco-friendly Weaknesses: Slightly high in price due to use of special products Opportunities: Introduction of new flavors Easy in achieving break even point Prices can be reduced in short run Threats: Lot of competition from existing Ice Cream parlors offering sugar free ice creams

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