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Development, Motivation and Self-Regulation in Learning Essay

Interactional Theories of Cognitive Development Bruner’s three modes of representation Bruner’s three modes of representation are the enactive, iconic and symbolic representations. Enactive representation is characterized by the use of motor skills to describe past experiences. For instance, a child may not give verbal directions to a store, but he or she may be able to get to the store by using the route he or she has used before. Iconic representation involves the use of images and their organization to describe an event. For instance, a child may draw a map representing the route to their school. Symbolic representation involves the storage and representation of information in a given form of code that can be manipulated to describe different situations. An example of symbolic representation is the use of language. Sequence of representational stages Driscoll (2005) highlights Bruner’s claim that “any subject can be taught effectively in some intellectually honest form to any child at any stage of development” (p. 229). By this, he meant that age does not determine the information that a child can learn. Bruner reveals that the manifestation of the three representations in a distinct order does not mean that children cannot learn similar things at the respective stage of representation. Cognitive development can be internally influenced at any stage of childhood development, but the representation of the information learned is different at different ages. Important implications of the distinction in theory between Bruner and Piaget The first implication of the distinction between the theory of Bruner and the theory of Piaget is that readiness for learning is not age-dependent. According to Piaget’s theory, a child can only learn something when he or she is at a specific age that is associated with such cognitive abilities. Bruner negates this idea by claiming that a child can learn anything at any age provided it is presented in a manner that the child can understand internally. The second implication is that age does not determine the representation stage portrayed by individuals during the learning process. Bruner’s sentiments reveal that even adults who are being presented with a new idea portray the three representation stages in a sequence. Bruner about Intelligence In Driscoll (2005), Bruner claims that “Intelligence is to great extent the internalization of tools provided by a given culture” (p. 242). Bruner meant that the concepts learned by different people might be the same, but the contexts of learning determine the application of the concepts. He also meant that the concepts learned by different people have different meanings based on their environmental factors. The influence of culture on learning and behavior is clearly highlighted by this quote. Bruner negates Piaget’s ideology about the universality of universal egocentrism. A good example is the difference in behavior between urban and rural area dwellers in the African continent. While the urban dwellers have subscribed to the Western civilization and assumed lonely lives, the rural community still survives through communal efforts. Lev Vygotsky’s theory Vygotsky used Bruner’s approach to understanding the process of learning in children. Just like Bruner, Vygotsky focused on cognitive development as a function of social and cultural influences. However, he differed with Bruner and Piaget in his idea that cognitive development was actualized in complex stages that were influenced by dynamic environmental factors. Vygotsky was interested in identifying the specific factors that influence changes in psychological development from childhood to death, and he reviewed natural development and social influences. Summary The chapter is a review of the different thoughts presented by Bruner and Vygotsky on cognitive development. The chapter also highlights Piaget’s theory extensively as a point of contrast to the ideas provided by Bruner and Piaget. It is apparent that Brunner and Vygotsky shared sentiments on the importance of understanding how cognitive development is attained by children and adults. Bruner and Vygotsky’s were advocates of the idea of cultural environments being of great influence on the learning process of children. However, unlike Bruner and Piaget, Vygotsky focused on the stages of psychological changes that occur in humans from birth to death. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Bruner, learning is attained through discovery, learning, and inquiry teaching. Vygotsky, on the other hand, believes that learning occurs in three stages, which include the internalization, zone of proximal development, and the inter-subjectivity stages. These theories have helped me to understand the psychological differences between people. For instance, while reflecting on Bruner’s three modes of representation, I have seen children struggle with giving directions verbally while succeeding on the same by using images (Driscoll, 2005). Motivation and Self-Regulation in Learning Self-regulation The subject was mathematics. I did not find the subject interesting because it was rather complex, and the instructor insisted on perfection in the assignments. There was too much pressure involve with the subject. My self-regulation level was a significant low because the teacher was boring. If I was the teacher, I would have introduced humor and participation in the class to make it more interesting. The impact of self-efficacy beliefs on motivation in learning Self-efficacy is a major determinant of the goals that students set on their performance, and it motivates them to work harder to attain them. Self-efficacy yields persistence in learning. An example of negative cognition is when someone claims that he did something wrong or when he affirms that he cannot handle something. An example of positive cognition is when someone affirms that he can learn something or when he claims that he did the best he could. Self-efficacy motivated me to be persistent in learning some of the topics in mathematics that were pulling my grades down. I was focused on the goal of passing all the subjects with top grades. Keller’s ARCS model and the process of motivational design The scenario of learning is a philosophy class. The audience is comprised of students and they are attentive to learn about the symptoms of dementia. The students are not adequately motivated to learn; hence, a motivational strategy must be implemented. The strategy of choice is to engage them in group discussions. An alternative strategy would be using presentations to keep the class lively. Summary This chapter highlights the need for students to possess the right attitude to learning. One of the key concepts in the chapter is self-efficacy, which is vital to the attainment of learning goals on the part of the students. Self-efficacy influences the development of persistence in making right choices that result in success. For instance, it was through the motivation derived from my self-efficacy that I managed to improve my grades in mathematics despite my attitude toward the subject. We will write a custom Essay on Development, Motivation and Self-Regulation in Learning specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This chapter also provides teachers with a strategy to improve the motivation of students in learning (Driscoll, 2005). The strategy entails determining the attention level of the audience, the relevance of the learning information and approach, the confidence of the students, and the satisfaction potential of the learning outcomes. Teachers can develop a motivational strategy through addressing the four factors. Reference Driscoll, M. (2005). Psychology of Learning for Instruction, 3rd Edition. New York: Allyn
[1800 words] Choose a rule system and explain it in depth..

I’m working on a writing question and need guidance to help me understand better.

rule system: NBA’s trade rulesPick a rule system for analysis. The rule system should be one in use by a company or organization to address a problem or need in the business. The rules should be for an understandable purpose. While you have tremendous flexibility in the rules that you pick, it will be easier if the rules are contained enough that you are able to track how they are used within the business. At the same time, the rules should not be too simple (e.g. “Stay off the lawn”), so that there just is not much to talk about. While this may seem obvious, picking a topic for a rule system that you find interesting generally leads to a better paper. While many students have written good papers about conventional rule systems (and gotten good grades), others have gone off the beaten path a bit. As examples, among other topics in past years, students chose rule systems Approximately one – two pages should be dedicated to a description of the compliance chain (the reason/problem addressed, the type of rule system (ordering, reaction to a regulatory requirement, goal driven, or a mix), a description of the rules, risks managed, training, policing systems, investigation, and enforcement). If a piece of the chain, such as training or investigations are not apparent, you should describe how it could occur. The remainder of the paper should provide your analysis of the rules. You may criticize an aspect of the rule system (e.g. lack of clarity, complexity, inefficiencies, weak on policing), suggest an improvement, recognize a particular difficulty in the rule system, such as an ambiguity, and how it can be addressed. If you see the rule system as well designed, explain why. Some students have reached out to the company or organization to inquire about the rule system. If you can get someone to speak with you, doing so might add an interesting perspective. This is not required, but I share it as an idea some students have used.If possible, submit a copy of the rules along with your paper. If you are unable to obtain the rules or they are too voluminous, please indicate that.t to help me understand better.
[1800 words] Choose a rule system and explain it in depth.

HCI 665 GCU Transition to Cloud Infrastructure Presentation.

A trend in healthcare organizations use of HIPAA-compliant cloud infrastructure services from simple data storage to using the technology to lower costs, gain efficiencies and even move on to tasks such as personalizing patient care, is becoming a common practice to enhance the patient experience. This is happening as the service offerings of cloud technology vendors such as Amazon AWS, Google Cloud, IBM Cloud and Microsoft Azure, in particular, are constantly changing. Some healthcare organizations are hesitant to transition to a cloud-based infrastructure and still maintain patient privacy and HIPAA safeguards.The purpose of this assignment is to gain an understanding of an organization’s transition from simple data storage to a cloud infrastructure.Create a PowerPoint proposal for transitioning to a cloud infrastructure. The presentation should include extensive speaker notes and be 10-15 minutes in length if you were actually presenting.Include the following in your PowerPoint Presentation:Overview of the proposal.Introduction of a HIPAA-compliant cloud infrastructure.Explain the risk impacts cloud providers have on healthcare operations (include advantages and disadvantages).Recommendations for transitioning business processes to the cloud.Explanation on how the cloud infrastructure maintains patient privacy securing ePHI.Discuss the importance of cloud providers in health care.Detailed speaker notes.Appendix or references.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.1. Please make sure you cover every point in this powerpoint. It MUST be a 10-15mins presentation, nothing less than that. I will not accept work that is not within this length2. FOLLOW THE RUBRIC!!3. All sources must be academic based. APA format is required. Meaning a URL or doi must be included in the cited source
HCI 665 GCU Transition to Cloud Infrastructure Presentation

SDSU Human Development Index Refers to Overall Economic Growth Discussion

SDSU Human Development Index Refers to Overall Economic Growth Discussion.

McKee et al (2003), Jha and Bawa (2006) – Questions for DiscussionWhat is the human development index? What factors does it consider? (1pt)What are biological hotspots? Why are they important to consider for biodiversity? (1pt)In the context of these papers, define “exogenous factors”. Give two examples of exogenous factors mentioned in the papers. (1pt)McKee et al 2003, Figure 1: What two variables are being compared in this graph? Why is the trend between the two variables important to know? (2pts)McKee et al 2003, Figure 2: In your own words, describe what this graph is showing. Approximately how many countries are expected to have a net recovery of species by 2050? (2pts)Jha and Bawa 2006, Figure 1: For the countries described in the graph, what is the relationship between HDI and deforestation rate in the 1980s? How does that change by the 1990s? Hint: Table 2 contains the correlation coefficient and p-value for these graphs. (2pts)Based on the results of these studies, why is it important to conduct ecology studies over several years and across several countries? Inversely, what benefits are there to short-term studies and studies conducted at the local/regional level? (3pts)Both papers focused on terrestrial ecosystems and species. How might freshwater and marine ecosystems be affected differently by local increases in human population density? (3pts)Do you believe that there should be restrictions on developing nations for the sake of preserving biodiversity? What measures could developed countries take to help? (3pts)Write out the citations for both articles using Ecology formatting. (2pts)
SDSU Human Development Index Refers to Overall Economic Growth Discussion

De Anza College ?Creativity Research Paper Questions Discussion

assignment writing services De Anza College ?Creativity Research Paper Questions Discussion.

1. Select an individual-an artist, scientist, musician writer orother creative figure -and discuss his or her creative processYou should use primary materials, interviews, and secondaryworks to support your ideas. What factors contributed to theicreative success? Can you identify any particular social orpersonal elements that may have been important?2. Following the same format as above, select an artisticmovement or group of individuals known for a distinctive styleor type of creative work. This could also be an academicdiscipline. Describe the creative process as it applies to thisgroup, discipline, or artistic movement.3. pick a historical period- Ancient Greece, Qing China,Modernism the renaissance-and describe the creative forcesat work in that period. What factors helped to shape thecreative production during that particular period?4. Identify and discuss the latest research on creativity. Whatare the most recent ideas concerning the development andnature of creativity, and what are the implications of thesefindings?5. Produce a creative work yourself. This may be a poem, ashort story, a painting, or some other form of creative work. Inaddition, you must provide an analysis of the creative processboth in terms of your own experience of being creative andhow you go about this. Your analysis should discuss theprocess of creativity as we have explored it in the course of the class.
De Anza College ?Creativity Research Paper Questions Discussion

Discovery learning and math teaching

Castronova, J. (2002). “Discovery Learning for the 21st Century: What is it and How Does it Compare to Traditional Learning in Effectiveness in the 21st Century?” Action Research Exchange 1 (1). The researchers in this article developed a technology tool of discovery learning which called web quest. They defined discovery learning as the technique to learn and can be assistance by teaching process. Also, try to discover the efficiency of a technology depended on discovery learning. Researchers agree that the effective learning should be active more than passive, learning procedures, and how failure and feedback both are very important. And the last one was the depth of understanding. The researchers show that to theories which they depend it of discovery learning such as John Dewey, Jean Piaget and Levvygot sky and the teacher center of attention on students refection and he answered the student questions but as indirect way and students will not be learn if they didn’t make mistakes, so they have to make these mistakes to learn very well. Additionally, researchers indicated the basic architectures, which found in discovery learning 1) case based learning, 2) incidental learning 3) learning by exploring 4) learning by reflection and simulation based learning. Moreover, this article covers the main 4 idea of focus 1) motivation 2) relation 3) achievement, 4) transference. A-Web Quest is a educational tool of an inquiring – oriented activity that uses recourses from internet to complete and finish their projects. I think this resource is a valuable, reliable, and it’s very important because it shows that a Web Quest is a good tool for teachers and useful for integrating the technology in classroom. Rieber, L.P. (2009). Supporting Discovery-Based Learning within Simulations. Cognitive Effects of Multimedia Learning. (pp 218-228). IGI Global:USA This study describes the visualization in education simulations and this article covers how are using different simulation representations and creative designs to the simulation’s interface. Furthermore, researchers showed that the theoretical carry for visualization in learning for example dual coding theory and mental models. Additionally, to integrate and combine discovery learning technology and design of simulations needing to teach the teachers to support the computer based simulations. The teaching of mathematics lessons will be more interactive and effective if these simulations applied very well and in the correct ways in the classrooms. For what I read, I found that, the positive effects of discovery learning on student’s achievement happen if the simulations are attractive. This article good and emphasizes to the teachers how they can design computer based simulations lessons. Zakaria,E.,

San Diego State University Benchmark Congressional Oversight & DOJ Ethics Essay

San Diego State University Benchmark Congressional Oversight & DOJ Ethics Essay.

Prompt: Congress has the responsibility to oversee federal agencies. One of those agencies is the U.S. Department of Justice. Let us pretend that the leadership of the Federal Department of Justice has possibly engaged in inappropriate communications with a foreign power in violation of departmental policy; they are accused of meeting with foreign ambassadors without having proper authorization. In answering the following questions, explain how Congress assesses the level of compliance.
Research the original purpose regarding the creation of the Department of Justice, to assist in your understanding of this topic.
Write an essay of 1,250-1,500 words that discusses the following:
Part I: Congress and the Executive branch

What powers does Congress have over agencies in the executive branch? Where can one find these authorized powers?
If Congress feels that an executive branch federal agency has failed to comply with policies, procedures, and standards, what can they do about this situation?

Part II: Simulation: Ethics in the DOJ

Read through the “Ethics Handbook for On and Off Duty Conduct” from the DOJ and the DOJ Ethics Scenario, located in the Resources. As an employee of the DOJ are you able to accept any gifts or compensation for any services rendered to various individuals or groups? Explain.
Why do you think the DOJ has implemented such policies? Are those policies in keeping with the policies, procedures, and standards that were authorized by the enabling legislation of Congress? Explain. (comp. 3.2)
Do you think it is a good idea to attempt to keep activities of public servants from even the appearance of impropriety (see “General Principles of Ethical Conduct”, number 14)? Explain.
Would participating in trainings with other law enforcement organizations be in keeping with the original purpose of the FBI? Explain.

**Utilize four to six relevant, scholarly sources in support of your content. Use https://library.gcu.edu/ or google scholar. Attached are some sources you can use
San Diego State University Benchmark Congressional Oversight & DOJ Ethics Essay

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