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Development And Implementation Of Special Economic Zones Economics Essay

A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a geographical region that has different economic and other laws and is more free market oriented in comparison to a countries established laws. India first passed the Special Economic Zone Act in the year 2005.This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of a Special Economic Zone and how it benefits Foreign Direct Investors and the scope of Project Development in India in a Special Economic Zone. There are various factors affecting the project development of a Special Economic Zone in India which will be discussed in depth. The main focus of the research is to develop a project development for a business in a Special Economic Zone in India. Statement of Research Question: According to me the statement of Research Question will be the Analysis of the facts from the past and from the present scenario in the Special Economic Zone developments and ascertain the future of the development of Special Economic Zones in the hosting country. Also, I will concentrate on presenting a real life example on understanding about developing and implementing in the Special Economic Zone. Theoretical Rationale: India is right now a fast growing economy and the Special Economic Zone play a major role in flourishing it. Special Economic Zones has led to increase in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by foreign investors in the form of International Business or Multinational Corporation (MNC). The Government of India has been active in the development of the Special Economic Zone by formulating polices, reviewing them regularly and have safeguarded that ample facilities are provided to the developers of Special Economic Zones and also to the companies setting up themselves in the Special Economic Zones in India. Special Economic Zones in India are created by the Government of India. The Special Economic Zones in India are run by Government-Private or solely Private ownership. They provide special provisions to develop the industrial growth in that area. The first Special Economic Zone was launched in 1965 in Kandla, Gujarat. There are various incentives and facilities provided to the units in the Special Economic Zones including Foreign Investment, Duty free import, Domestic procurement of goods for development, exemption of various taxes, exemption from customs/excise duties, operation and maintenance of the Special Economic Zones. Since the Special Economic Zones provide a lot of add-ons for investors it acts as a very eye catching zone to develop a business but, there are a lot of challenges that are to be faced by them. Also, the Special Economic Zone attracts the Foreign Investors due to the exemption of customs or excise duties, taxes and the like creates some added challenges that are to be faced by the Foreign Investors. The Foreign Investors face cultural, political and legal challenges in a different land. Developing the Special Economic Zone also benefits the country. It creates employment for a huge population improving the employment rate in the country and thereby, reducing poverty. The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) that comes into the country generates flow of money in the country. John dunning provided a framework approach namely Ownership, location and internationalization (OLI Framework). Marco Neuhaus (2006) states that the framework points out some advantages of ownership one enterprise may come across by doing business overseas. The location suitability for the firm is also evaluated using this framework. This might help the decision of an enterprise to venture overseas for the business or not. Thirdly, the concept of internationalization is addressed by the OLI frame work which can help an enterprise in setting up an operations plan. Using the OLI framework, a multinational enterprise (MNE) would be able to assess the feasibility of setting up the business. I would like to formulate a Project Development of a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in India. I would like to analyze the various challenges that are faced by a business that want to enter the Special Economic Zone. The Implementation Of The Research Project For Organisation: The organization that I would like to study in relation to my topic of research is Ireo. I would base my research on the Special Economic Zones in the context of developing a Special Economic Zone in India. Ireo in JV partnership with Panchshil Realtors (pune) has developed India’s first IT Special Economic Zone (SEZ), EON Free Zone at Kharadi, Pune, India. Ireo is the first Private Equity Fund dedicated to the Indian real estate sector with a fund size of US $2 billion with the backing of global blue chip investors and financial institutions. They have emerged as a major pan-India developer equipped with financial strength to fully leverage available opportunities in this sector. Since establishing their presence in 2004, they have evolved into a fully integrated real estate organization that is both the financer and developer of its projects. The company has a pan-India footprint of projects in prime locations across NCR (including Gurgaon), Haryana, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra under various stages of developments and implementation. Combining the best of Indian and international resources, their team consists of accomplished Indian and expatriate professionals from diverse backgrounds to lead initiatives and to deliver best in class products and services to their customers. Preliminary Literature Review: The literature review was compiled using library search and electronic resources. Since the Special Economic Zone concept is relatively new in India, There are considerably less number of journals and e-books in this field. A few of those resources and publications were reviewed for this preliminary literature review. Special economic zone Act is a program introduced by the state for the development of the country. It has been initiated by the Indian government to create a free market economy and free trade among nations, abolition of national boundaries and dismantling the nation – state system giving priority to ‘Market’ over the ‘state’. (Partha Mukhopadhyay; Jan 2008) Special economic zone is a geographic region that has economic laws more progressive than that of the countries typical economic laws. These zones are known by different names in different parts of the world like free trade zone(FTS), bonded free zones(BFZ) , industrial free zone (IFZ) and Export processing zone.( Jona Aravind Dohrmann;January 2006) Export processing zones is an ancestor of special economic zone. The main purpose is to attract industries which are export oriented by offering them favourable investment and trade condition as compared to the rest of the country. The UN industrial development organization (UNID) identifies five attributes of export processing zone they are 1) Dominated by market mechanism. 2) Restricted to a limited region. 3) Specialize in production of export goods and offer special encouragement for such productions. 4) The primary goal is employment generation, foreign investments and foreign exchange. 5) The Secondary goal is technology transfer, developmental linkages and regional development. The Free trade zone policy in 2000 was re launched by the Bharathiya janatha party (BJP). The name was changed from export processing zone to special economic zone. The policies purpose was to make SEZ an engine for economic growth supported by quality infrastructure complimented by an attractive fiscal package both at the central and state level with minimum possible regulations.( Jermy Grasset and Frederic Lady;January 2007) The features of SEZ scheme are No license required for import. Manufacturing or service activities allowed. SEZ units to be positive net foreign exchange earner within 3 years. Domestic sales subject to full custom duty and import policy in force. Full freedom for sub-contracting. No routine examination by custom authorities of export or import cargo. The UPA government enacted the special economic zone act 2005 which was passed in june 2005 and came into force on 10th feb 2006 with the notification of the SEZ rule in 2006. Three categories of SEZ Multi product SEZ Sector specific SEZ Free trade and warehousing zone The first category signifies the manufacturing of services of two or more goods in a sector or goods or services falling in two or more sectors. Contiguous area of 100 hectares or more is required. The second sector is meant exclusively for one or more products or services. This includes biotechnology, gems and jewellery, non conventional energy, hardware and software and electronics. Minimum area requirement of 100 hectares of contiguous and vacant land is required. The third sector the minimum area requirement is 40 hectares of contiguous or vacant land and the built up area should not be less than 10 hectares. 154 SEZ were notified under SEZ act 2005. IT sector has the maximum number. Many issues have been brought up in relation to SEZ in India the main being Locating land. Relaxation of labor laws Usage of water Farmers are protesting against for acquisition of land this leads to destructions of employment of peasants whose land is acquired and provide very little employment opportunity to highly skilled and educated individuals and the totally net employment generated may well be negative. In many cases valuable land has been given away at concessional prices. To conclude the implications of SEZ may cause increasing socio political crisis due to the complexity of the society. In order to avoid polarization of the society, civil society should engage to create a consensus on developmental issues. Hypothesis to be tested: Feasibility of special economic zones after 10-15 years. Availability of land in the future. Data Sources and the Justification for the Choice: Choice of data sources forms the most integral part of any good research. I would use the Peer reviewed Journal articles, articles from Business magazines, Newspapers, reports. Journals like Journal of Business Research, Journal of International Business Studies, Indian Journal of Economics and Business. Magazines such as Business World, Business Today, The Business Magazine, Forbes, Business Week etc. and newspapers like the Financial Times, The Economic Times, The Economists etc. Peer reviewed Journals, Magazines and newspaper form the most trusted source of information and is also available on the internet. Books are the first choice for trusted information. Use of the Aston library and e-library is the place to get these sources of information. Research Design: A Research Design is the plan for a study, guiding data collection and analysis. A Research Design helps the study to locate the problem and to follow economical procedures. The Research Design for my study will be as follows: Define “Terms” Background information of the topic of research Locate the problem Create priorities I will follow 2 main types of Research and they are Secondary Research and Qualitative Research techniques. The data that is already written or published by someone else for their purpose of study is classified as Secondary Research. Qualitative Research Techniques consists of Interviews, Focus Groups, and Questionnaire etc. Methodology to be employed: In doing this research I will use Primary Data and Secondary Data. As said earlier, Primary data will involve qualitative techniques such as Interviews, Focus groups, Questionnaire etc. For primary data collection I will choose a real life example of a firm entered the Special Economic Zone, as mentioned earlier Ireo. I will do research on how did the organization setup a Special Economic Zone. Since, the organization is a foreign company entering the Indian market I can gain first-hand information from the firm regarding the challenges they faced while setting up a business in a different country. For this purpose I will Interview certain employees of the firm get information on the research survey conducted by them during the setting up phase. As far as the secondary data collection is concerned I will use Academic books, journal articles, Magazines articles and Newspapers. After putting through the data collected from both the sources i.e. secondary and primary I can get a clear picture of the past and the current scenario of the development of Special Economic Zones. Then I can answer questions of Hypothesis to be tested. Ethical Considerations: The research will comply with research ethics in terms of: Accurate transcription of data and findings Objectivity as a researcher Compliance with the principles of not harming anyone as a result of this research Compliance with Aston Business School rules on plagiarism Not obtaining information through illegal or restricted procedures Compliance with the respect of copyrights reserved for journals and published
Threats of Social Media to Society. Everyone has used some form of social media platform, whether it be Instagram or Facebook, however most people do not know about the danger that lie within those social media platforms and in all forms of social networking. Most people go throughout their lives using social media without knowing about the threat that it poses to society, and how in the wrong hands social networking is detrimental to that individual and those around them. Social networking poses a threat to society because it leads to developing unfavorable habits and behaviors. However, some people say that social networking is beneficial because it helps with communication amongst friends and it helps to strengthen their bond of friendship. Lisa Davis, a writer for TIME explains in her article, “Does Facebook Replace Face Time or Enhance It?” that Facebook helped her reconnect with a friend and that when they met up in real life they had so many conversational topics to talk about because even though they had not seen each other in a while, they were able to keep updated about one another’s lives through social media (Davis). Their bond was strengthened via social media because they were able to stay connected with each other and able to learn about events that have happened in their lives due to them posting about it on Facebook. However, while it is true that social media allowed them to strengthen their friendship, only staying connected with each other online and rarely meeting in real life can lead to detrimental effects such as isolationism. “Since people are now connected all the time and you can pull up a friend’s social profile with a click of your mouse or a tap of your smartphone,” writer Elise Moreau explains, “it’s a lot easier to use online interaction as a substitute for face-to-face interaction” (Moreau). Social networking can lead to antisocial behaviors and since staying connected with friends is so easy nowadays, someone does not even need to leave the comfort of their own home to interact with a friend. Social networking poses a threat to society because it encourages sedentary lifestyle habits. In her article titled “The Pros and Cons of Social Networking,” writer Elise Moreau illustrates that “since social networking is all done on some sort of computer or mobile device, it can sometimes promote too much sitting down in one spot for too long” (Moreau). She draws out the compelling fact that social networking is used on devices that are mainly utilized when a person is sitting or lying down. This type of behavior when repeated can lead to developing a sedentary lifestyle and creating a continuous habit of laziness. To prove this point even further, Lady Greenfield, a professor at Lincoln College discusses the sedentary effect that social networking has on a child. “a child confined to the home every evening may find at the keyboard the kind of freedom of interaction and communication that earlier generations took for granted in the three-dimensional world of the street,” she blatantly points out, “But even given a choice, screen life can still be more appealing” (Wintour). People find all the luxuries of the outside world on their screens at home, leading to reduced movement because they do not even need to leave their desks to have a connection with the world around them. While it is true that social networking encourages sedentary lifestyle habits, it is equally true that social networking can encourage people to be hateful. Social networking poses a threat to society because it gives people a license to be hateful. Conversing online through screens can desensitize people to the fact that the people they are talking to online are real human beings with emotions. “I’m disappointed whenever I hear about social media being used as a way to hurt people,” says a 10th Grader that was interviewed by a psychologist, “I wonder if this happens when the writers forget that there are real people behind the screen” (Price-Mitchell). Socializing via social media can cause people to have a lack of emotional connection because they are not actually conversing face-to-face; sadly, this is why cyberbullies feel as if they can get away with being toxic online. Additionally, cyberbullying is a destructive and dangerous behavior that many teens and even adults partake in, but they do not fully understand the consequences that come with their vile actions. In a clinical report written by a group of pediatricians, they reveal that “cyberbullying is quite common, can occur to any young person online, and can cause profound psychosocial outcomes including depression, anxiety, severe isolation, and, tragically, suicide” (O’Keeffe, et al.). Cyberbullying has long-term damaging affects on the psyche of the victim, and the ones who are doing the bullying do not even take that into consideration. People are desensitized online because there is a lack of face-to-face human connection, they hide behind a screen and unleash a deadly array of negativity that damages a person’s mental health and can ultimately lead to their death. Social networking poses a threat to society because of the license that it gives to people to be hateful, and their hate fuels the suicide rate among teens who have been victims of cyberbullying. Social networking poses a threat to society because it provides various avenues for online predators. Accessibility to children and child pornography on the internet is sadly not a difficult thing to do, all they would have to do is access unmonitored chat rooms such as Omegle and they could easily find children to manipulate and control for their own twisted benefits. For some people, an internet ‘relationship’ is not enough, many predators will try and persuade a willing child to meet them in real life. Ernie Allen, PresidentThreats of Social Media to Society
What is a research project 2?.

I need help finding a article from my school database on a question that I pick.Please go to the right database and pick an article Instructions: Work through each step of this log, answering each question as the directions indicate. Step 1 is not graded. Steps 2 through 5 will each receive a grade, and the sum of these grades will constitute your total grade for Research Log Project Part 2. Refer to the section on how each step of the log will be graded for detailed grading information.Step 1: Thinking Back to Research Log Project Part 1A. Research QuestionRecord your research question from Research Project Log Part 1 (Step 1)What effect does violence in the media have on children? B. Original Boolean Search StatementRecord your original search statement from Research Log Project Part 1 (Step 3)(violence or “bad behavior”, And teens or children AND (media or social network) How will Step 1 be graded?Step 1 will not receive a grade.Step 2: UMUC Library Database SearchA. Database SearchUse the search statement you recorded in Step 1, Part B to search in one of the following UMUC library databases:Academic Search CompleteMasterFILE PremierWhich database did you search? Select the Database Searched… Academic Search Complete MasterFILE Premier
Hint: Refer to Week 2 for a review of UMUC library databases.B. Review Search ResultsReview the search results from the database search you performed in Step 2, Part A and answer all of the following questions:Were you able to successfully use the search statement from Step 1, Part B in the database, or did you receive an error/search failed message when trying your search?Yes, I was able to successfully use the original search statement from Step 1, Part B in the database.No, the search was unsuccessful and I received an error/search failed message.
If you received an error/search failed message from the database, were you able to identify the problem with your search statement?N/A—I did not receive an error/search failed message.Yes, I was able to identify why I received an error/search failed message.No, I was unable to identify why I received an error/search failed message.
Did you have to revise the search statement you created in Step 1, Part B in order to retrieve search results in the database search you performed in Step 2, Part A?Yes, I had to revise the search statement in order to retrieve relevant search results in the database.No, I did not have to revise the search statement in order to retrieve relevant search results in the database.
Identify and list additional keywords that you may use to search further on this topic by reviewing article titles, article abstracts, subject headings, and the articles themselves.Hint: Refer to Week 2 for a review of databases, including subject headings in databases.How does violence in social media effect teens and young adults? C. Revised Search StatementReview your instructor’s comments from Research Log Project Part 1 for ways to improve your search statement. Review the additional keywords you identified in the box above (in Step 2, Part B). Based on this information, enter a revised search statement in the box below, using more effective search terms and techniques.Hint: The revised search statement must be different in some way than the search statement that you used in Research Log Project Part 1 (Step 3) and recorded above in Step 1, Part B. Review the hints and examples in Research Log Project Part 1. For example, you might add, subtract, or change alternative search terms, or you might alter your use of truncation to discover more focused, relevant results. Refer to Week 1 for a review of Boolean operators, search statements, and advanced searching techniques.(violence or “bad behavior”)AND (teens OR young adults)AND(television OR social media) How will Step 2 be graded?Unsatisfactory (0–2 points): Does not list alternative relevant keywords, or the search statement is not revised, or both.Satisfactory (3–4 points): The revised search statement is adequate and demonstrates some appropriate advanced searching techniques correctly, but does not incorporate instructor feedback from Research Log Project Part 1 or choice of alternative keywords does not reflect careful review of search results.Excellent (5 points): Lists alternative relevant keywords that demonstrate the student reviewed article titles, abstracts, subject headings, and articles. The search statement is effectively revised based on both instructor feedback from Research Log Project Part 1 and database search results from Step 2 and expertly demonstrates advanced searching techniques.Step 3: Research Guide SearchTry your search statement in a different UMUC library database than the one you searched in Step 2, Part A. Consult a research guide on the UMUC Library website appropriate to your research question to help you identify the relevant databases in which to research your topic. Do not use UMUC OneSearch for this project.A. Research GuideWhat is the name of the research guide you used to locate an appropriate database in which to search?Example: Guide to Economics and FinanceHint: Refer to Week 2 for a review of research guides.I used the Guide to NewsB. Database NameWhat is the name of the database in which you searched?Example: PubMedHint: This must be a different database than Academic Search Complete or MasterFILE Premier.Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection C. Boolean Search StatementEnter the search statement you used to successfully search the database.Hint: You can use the revised search statement that you recorded above (Step 2, Part C) or a new, further revised search statement. This must be the statement that you used to get the results recorded in Step 5 below. How will Step 3 be graded?Unsatisfactory (0–2 point): The selected database is not new or from an appropriate research guide; the search statement did not work in the selected database.Satisfactory (3–4 points): The selected database is from an appropriate research guide, and the search statement is adequate and produces results in the selected database.Excellent (5 points): The selected database is from an appropriate research guide, and the search statement is effectively revised and produces results in the selected database.Step 4: Select a Relevant ArticleA. Citation InformationFrom the search results you retrieved in Step 3, select a full-text, in-depth article that is relevant to your research question. The article should not just be a brief overview of the topic but rather should address the key concepts of your research question and be as in-depth as possible, preferably written by an expert or credentialed author(s) in the field. Record the citation information in the spaces below.Hint: Do NOT select newspaper or popular magazine articles, encyclopedia entries, or very brief journal articles (including editorials or letters to the editor), that would be useful only for background research. The article must be an in-depth article on your topic.Article Title Periodical/Publication Title (e.g., Harvard Business Review). B. Article TypeIs the source (periodical/publication) of the article scholarly, trade, or popular?Hint: Refer to table 2.4 in Week 2 for a review of periodical literature types. Consult the database Ulrichsweb Global Serial Directory for assistance if needed.Select the Source… scholarly trade popular
How can you tell?Hint: Review the article itself to describe the characteristics of the periodical type in more detail. C. DatabaseIn which UMUC library database did you find the full text of the selected article? How will Step 4 be graded?Unsatisfactory (0–2 point): The selected article is not relevant or is too brief to be useful for the topic, or the article type is not correctly identified.Satisfactory (3–4 points): The selected article is relevant to the topic, and the article type is correctly identified.Excellent (5 points): The selected article is both in-depth and highly relevant to the topic, and the article type is correctly identified and fully evaluated.Step 5: Article EvaluationA. Evaluate the Article ContentUsing the general evaluation criteria described in Week 3, explain in the boxes below how the article you selected meets each of the criteria (authority, reliability, coverage, and currency). Describe each aspect of your selected article in detail.Hint: Refer to the table 3.2, which describes authority, reliability, coverage, and currency.Authority Reliability Coverage Currency B. Article RelevancyExplain why you selected this particular article (Step 4) and how it is relevant to your research question. What are some specific points the article made that would assist you in writing a paper that addresses your research question? Your response must be at least two complete sentences.Hint: Refer to Week 3 for information on analyzing sources and evaluating content. How will Step 5 be graded?Unsatisfactory (0–2 points): Does not answer all of the evaluation criteria questions, or satisfactorily answer the article relevancy question, or both.Satisfactory (3–6 points): Minimally answers the evaluation criteria questions, or minimally answers the article relevancy question, or both.Very Good (7–9 points): Answers evaluation criteria questions adequately but with little detail, or answers article relevancy question with little detail, or both.Excellent (10 points): Thoroughly responds to the evaluation criteria questions with details about the selected article’s authority, reliability, coverage, and currency, and thoroughly responds to the article relevancy question.To save a draft of your work on this project to return to at a later time, use the Save Draft button below. The next time you return to Research Log Project Part 2, the fields you have entered will be retrieved and entered in the project form.Note: Most fields require text entry. If a required field is left blank, your work will not be submitted. The empty fields will be marked with asterisks to make it easier for you to supply the missing information and resubmit the form. If there is no information to provide in a specific field, simply type N/A.When you have completed this project, you can submit your work to your instructor by using the Submit Research Log Project Part 2 for Grading button below. Review your work before you do this; you will be unable to edit it further after submitting it. Click the Submit button only once. The server may take some time to process your answer. Copyright © by University of Maryland University College.
What is a research project 2?

ENGL 120 San Diego State CH18 Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly Paper

ENGL 120 San Diego State CH18 Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly Paper.

I’m working on a english writing question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Directions: After reading and annotating Margot Lee Shetterly’s Hidden Figures Ch. 18 to Ch. 23 & Epilogue, complete the graphic organizer below to help you organize the book information. Be sure to include concrete points and examples to illustrate the kind of growth mindset, deliberate practice, and mentors which were essential in Vaughan, Johnson, Jackson, and Darden’s later success. Feel free to use examples from the pages listed on the graphic organizer, pg 205, 192, and 231. (Make sure you are citing pages from the unabridged book, not an electronic version since the pages are not the same). Save the graphic organizer to your files, type directly on the graphic organizer, and submit as a Word Doc in Canvas.
ENGL 120 San Diego State CH18 Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly Paper

Strategic Marketing and Steps of Segmenting Discussion Question

order essay cheap Strategic Marketing and Steps of Segmenting Discussion Question.

TOPIC 1: Market AnalysisWhat are the elements of a comprehensive market analysis? Read the article under Week 3 Learning Module.This article begins with the important steps of segmenting and outlining the dimensions of a market and discusses eight required elements.Do you think each step in segmenting is equally important? Why or why not?TOPIC 2: Marketing AnalysisAs a critical piece of the marketing plan, the market analysis needs to include a clear analysis of the market segment, target population, and forecast for success. Author Tim Berry discusses these factors.http://www.mplans.com/articles/market-analysis-is-the-foundation-of-the-marketing-plan/What did you take away from this article? How will it help you in your group project? ( Group Project description to help answer the question: You will research and prepare a marketing plan for a market follower with the objective of gaining significant market share over the next year. The subject of your marketing plan will be determined based on the results of the competitive analysis assignment. )TOPIC 3: The Product PortfolioThe Boston Consulting Group presents a concise analysis of considerations related to the composition of a balanced product portfolio.https://www.bcg.com/documents/file13255.pdfWhy is this important?
Strategic Marketing and Steps of Segmenting Discussion Question

baby assignment

baby assignment. I need support with this Psychology question so I can learn better.

In the on-ground sections of Psych 11, we host a “Baby Day” in our classroom. On Baby Day, 4-6 parents bring their child (ages 0-2) for a 40-minute play session. As a class, we sit around them in a big circle and observe, sometimes interacting with the parents and children. Students complete an observation and then write a paper connecting what they observed to the theories and concepts that we have been learning about in class.
Unfortunately, this isn’t something we can replicate in an online class. However, we are able to adapt the assignment to meet the same goals.
In order to complete the Baby Day paper, you will choose 1 of the children from the Babies documentary and use your observations from the video to complete this assignment.

Download a copy of the Baby Day Assignment instructions.
Download a copy of the Baby Day Student Sample #1. Here is a copy of a previously submitted paper based on an in-person Baby Day. Use this to give you an idea of the content and depth of required for this assignment.

baby assignment

“The Way West” by Mona Mansour Essay (Movie Review)

Table of Contents Introduction Production Themes Conclusion Works Cited Introduction “The Way West” is a darkly comedic play by Mona Mansour about the dark side of the American dream. This performance was directed by Caroline Wood and was put on by the Fordham Theatre Company (Theatre). The play revolves around a mother, her young daughter, and her older sister. The mother is declaring bankruptcy, and as her life falls apart, she tells stories of her life and discusses the meaning of the American dream in the modern context with allusions to the Oregon Trail journey that pilgrims undertook centuries ago. This review will examine the production of the play, its acting, decorations, lights, direction and other theatrical elements, as well as its themes. Production The production by the Fordham Theatre Company was relatively sparse. The set presented a view into a living room of an ordinary American family, with a drab couch taking center stage. The decorations reflected the state of the characters’ lives, as previously pristine furniture was presented in disarray, with loose paper and presumably bills thrown everywhere on stage. The characters were dressed modestly; with clothes that created an atmosphere of casual home life, with small pieces of flare that suggest previous luxury. Some decorations were designed to evoke the journey on the Oregon Trail, and the purple haze that resembles sunsets and sunrises associated with this journey. The purple lights, coupled with thematically appropriate background helped create an atmosphere much different from the domestic portion of the play (“Join Us”). The actors performed admirably, especially the character of Mom was presented in a slightly demented manner that hints at the unstable nature of her character being put under pressure in the economically difficult time in her life. The daughter characters were portrayed well, but nothing out of the ordinary. The play overall was directed in a professional manner, and no element felt out of place in it. Themes The themes of the play are very clear, from its characters to its title. The first theme of the play is debt and how it is affecting the American public. Despite the constant call for entrepreneurial spirit, and self-sufficiency in America, in reality, debt is entrenched in the lives of the majority of the country’s population (Martin; Tomlinson). One of the more prescient lines comes from one of the daughters when it is revealed that she spent $3,500 on reselling face cream online. When confronted, Meesh only says: “You were already doing the bankruptcy thing, anyway.” The play is comedic in nature, but this line reflects the way that many people and organizations deal with debt and bankruptcy. The second theme of the play is the falsehood of blindly following the American dream. Mother’s stories about the trail juxtapose the situation of their family and the difficulties that the Oregon Trail journey brought for people. An innumerable number of people died on the trail, never reaching their destination. Some stopped midway because supplies ran out, while others were eaten by wolves (Schaap; Life and Death). They never reached the American dream, and neither do the characters of the play. Conclusion The play reflects the state of the country in the modern era. Debt and blind following of the American dream has brought great suffering to many people. Perhaps in the future, this issue will be less common. Works Cited “Join Us.” Fordham Newsroom, 2017, Web. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Life and Death. 2017, Web. Martin, Emmie. Shoppers Are Still Paying off Debt from 2016 Holidays. 2017, Web. Schaap, James C. The Bloody Benders. 2017, Web. Theatre. 2017, Web. Tomlinson, Chris. “Americans Waiting on a Raise, Run up Debt.” Houston Chronicle. 2017, Web.

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