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Description Of The Social Disorganization Theory Criminology Essay

Criminology and other social sciences, examine numerous facets when attempting to explain what factors cause individuals to deviate from social norms Social disorganization theory,. Sociologists have established social structure theories in their efforts to connect behavior patterns to social-economic control and other social ecological factors (“Social disorganization theory,”). The social disorganization theory expanded from social structure theories; which states that neighborhoods with decaying social structures are more likely to have higher crime rates (“The social costs,”). Description of the Social Disorganization Theory Social Disorganization Theory was created by two sociologists, Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay who were connected to the University of Chicago. Due to the social problems afflicting Chicago, Shaw and McKay examined the predominant rates crime and delinquency (Wong). Creators Shaw and McKay theorized that disorganized communities plagued by poverty lacked strong social strength (Wong). In the early 1940s, Shaw and McKay conducted a study using an ecological concept of dominance, in order to explain the high percentage of criminal behavior that afflicted Chicago neighborhoods (“Social disorganization theory,”). Robert Park and Ernest Burgess’s Concentric Zone Model was used in Shaw and McKay’s work (Wong). They identified five concentric zones illustrating social problems in Chicago. Shaw and McKay used this information to examine the juvenile delinquency rate in detail and to clarify why it was isolated to urban areas (Wong). Shaw and McKay believed that social disorganization was linked to immigrant groups relocating to more desirable neighborhoods Shaw and McKay discovered that high delinquency rates persisted in certain Chicago neighborhoods for long periods of time in spite of changes in the ethnic and cultural composition of these neighborhoods (“Social disorganization theory,” ). They discovered that neighborhoods ecological played a part in determining crime rates. Their research also revealed that high rates of crime occurred in communities that had a declining populations and property decay (“Social disorganization theory,”). Discussion of the Social disorganization Theory Social disorganization occurs when neighborhoods members fail to achieve united values or to solve mutual problems (“Social disorganization and,” ). Shaw and McKay connected social disorganization to poor unstable areas with ethnic diversity(“Social disorganization and,” ). Shaw and McKay’s studies connecting delinquency rates to physical characteristics established crucial evidences about the neighborhoods relates to crime and delinquency (“Social disorganization and,” ). Their work is still used as a guide today as a way of addressing crime in neighborhoods. A recent version of social disorganization theory states that strong social interactions prevent crime and delinquency (“Social disorganization and,” ). When members of neighborhoods are familiar with each other, the adults are more willing to get involved when children misbehave and watch for outsiders, in other words protect each other and their neighborhood (“Social disorganization and,” ). According to social disorganization theory, neighborhood characteristics such as poverty and ethnic diversity causes higher crime rates because they inhibit neighborhood members’ from working together (“Social disorganization and,” ). Judy Van Wyk, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, at the University of Rhode Island uses the social disorganization theory to reason that intimate violence is connected to disadvantage neighborhoods because residents lack social bonds with their neighbors (Benson, Fox, DeMaris

Education homework help

Education homework help. This is an assignment that focuses on the Evaluation of Capital Projects using budgeting tools. The paper also requires making of appropriate decisions.,Evaluation of Capital Projects using budgeting tools,Create an Excel spreadsheet in which you use capital budgeting tools to determine the quality of 3 proposed investment projects, as well as a 6-8 page report that analyzes your computations and recommends the project that will bring the most value to the company., Introduction,This portfolio work project is about one of the basic functions of the finance manager. Allocating capital to areas that will increase shareholder value. There are many uses of cash managers can select from, but it is essential that the selected projects are ones that add the most value to the company. This means forecasting the projected cash flows of the projects and employing capital budgeting metrics to determine which project, given the forecast cash flows, gives the firm the best chance to maximize shareholder value.,As a business professional, you are to:, Firstly, use capital budgeting tools to compute future project cash flows and compare them to upfront costs., Secondly, evaluate capital projects and make appropriate decision recommendations., Thirdly, prepare reports and present the evaluation in a way that ,finance and non-finance stakeholders, can understand.,Scenario, You work as a finance manager for Drill Tech, Inc., a mid-sized manufacturing company located in Minnesota. Three capital project requests were identified as potential projects for the company to pursue in the upcoming fiscal year. In the meeting to discuss capital projects, the director of finance (and your boss), Jennifer Davidson, gives you a synopsis of the projects along with this question:,Which one of these projects will provide the most shareholder value to the company?, She also tells you that other than what she notes in each project scenario, all other costs will remain constant. Also, you should remember to only evaluate the incremental changes to cash flows.Education homework help

The Title IX Decision against the Quinnipiac University Essay

essay writing service free The question of gender is actively discussed in relation to sport with references to providing the equal opportunities for female athletes. According to Title IX, any discrimination regarding the sex or gender issues is prohibited (Thornton, 2010). The Title IX Decision against the Quinnipiac University of 2010 became one of the most controversial cases associated with the question. It was stated that the Quinnipiac University intended to eliminate the women’s varsity volleyball team because of the lack of funding and to develop a competitive cheerleading team instead. The volleyball team’s players and their coach insisted on trying the case in court because of violating Title IX in relation to providing the equal opportunities for university athletes. According to the injunction provided by the Judge Stefan Underhill, the volleyball team was allowed to continue the activities during the next season when the development of the competitive cheerleading team could not be discussed as the alternative to the female sport team to meet the Title IX requirements. To evaluate the effectiveness of Underhill’s decision, it is necessary to pay attention to the details of the case. The volleyball team of the Quinnipiac University and the team’s coach accentuated that the plan to eliminate the team violates Title IX because the proportion of the male and female athletes would be defied. From this point, it is possible to speak about the direct violation of Title IX in relation to providing the equal opportunities for male and female athletes. Underhill stated that the fact of discriminating female athletes’ rights was presented, and the Quinnipiac University was obliged to provide the opportunities for the team to perform during the next season (The Quinnipiac University Case, 2010). Thus, the legal strength of the argument was accentuated, and the team could be discussed as winning the case. However, there are two visions of the decision. On the one hand, the rights and interests of the women’s varsity volleyball team were met, and the fact of discrimination was stated. On the other hand, the team was allowed to perform only during the 2010-2011 season, and the question was discussed again in 2012. Thus, the decision provided by the judge lacked some details. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, Underhill concentrated on the fact that it was impossible to refer to the cheerleading team as the competitive team and to discuss that team as the alternative to the volleyball team to meet the Title IX requirements. The decision provided by Underhill was rather effective while discussing the cheerleading team as inappropriate alternative to the female volleyball team. Nevertheless, the controversy was associated with the fact that Underhill focused on the standards of the competitive sport teams and judged about the relevance of the standards and cheerleading team’s features to discuss it as the sport team. Underhill supported the decision in relation to the definition of the varsity sport with references to the Title IX standards (The Quinnipiac University Case, 2010). It is important to pay attention to the fact that the position of the judge as the advisor or an expert to determine the standards for the varsity sport is rather controversial, and it could be more effective to focus on violating the Title IX requirements regarding the women’s volleyball team rather than on discussing the features and standards of the varsity sport. In spite of the general win of the women’s volleyball team of the Quinnipiac University in relation to Title IX, the judge’s argument cannot be discussed as strong and effective because it was important to concentrate on the issue of discrimination to determine the position of the team not only for one season but for the long period of time. References The Quinnipiac University Case. (2010). Retrieved from http://courtweb.pamd.uscourts.gov/courtwebsearch/ctxc/KX330R32.pdf Thornton, P. K. (2010). Sports law. USA: Jones

501 2-1 Responses *** You will reply to 2 classmates’ threads. At least 1 paragraph in length. They must

501 2-1 Responses *** You will reply to 2 classmates’ threads. At least 1 paragraph in length. They must be on the same page, but LABELED WHO’s is WHOSE. The first paragraph should be labeled (David Freij) and the other one should be labeled (Brittany Johnson) ****** When responding, explain one potential systematic error that might occur in the collection of data for the presented variables. How did you come to this conclusion based on the information provided? David Freij A. Research question: What is the effectiveness of using a therapeutic animal for individuals with disabilities? B. Variable one is method of therapy, variable two is effectiveness of therapy C. Variable one, method of therapy, is a qualitative variable because it involves using either a therapeutic animal or an alternative method of therapy as methods of therapy. This is a variable categorizable by name, and not rank able by any order. It is also not a numerical variable so it cannot be a discrete or continuous variable. Because of this, method of therapy is a qualitative variable with a nominal level of measurement. Variable two, the effectiveness of therapy, is a quantitative variable because it measures outcomes of therapy that can be numerically scaled. Effectiveness of therapy is measured in a way where the zero point signifies neither an increase nor decrease of values in a scaled set of several possible measurable variables. These can include variables such as daily stress levels or levels of healthy sleep. These variables can be measured at any specific value between any possible values. Additionally, if somebody reports a 15% reduction in daily stress levels and a 15% increase in levels of healthy sleep, when compared to somebody with a 30% reduction in daily stress levels and 30% increase in levels of healthy sleep, the second values do not actually show double the effectiveness of therapy. Many of these variables can only show values that are relative to the individual. Because of this, ratios do not matter, and effectiveness of therapy is a continuous variable with an interval level of measurement D. Example data points Variable one, Variable two Therapy alone, 30% increase in effectiveness of therapy Therapy alone, 10% decrease in effectiveness of therapy Therapy alone, 4% increase in effectiveness of therapy Therapy alone, 3% decrease in effectiveness of therapy Therapy alone, 10% increase in effectiveness of therapy Therapy therapeutic animal, 10% increase in effectiveness of therapy Therapy therapeutic animal, 25% increase in effectiveness of therapy Therapy therapeutic animal, 5% decrease in effectiveness of therapy Therapy therapeutic animal, 2% decrease in effectiveness of therapy Therapy therapeutic animal, 30% increase in effectiveness of therapy Brittany Johnson How does family influence the value and expectation we create and carry? The variables involved here would be the influence and the expectation or outcome. The influence could be considered to be within a set standard of “minimal, moderate, or substantial”. and the outcomes might be measured within the same means. This could be a way to interpret the information. Because there are no numerical expectations to come, the data here would be considered qualitive. This could also mean that the data is ordinal because “minimal is less than “moderate”. I am going to say that the variables are discrete because they are not numerical outcomes that have infinite number of outcomes. The outcomes would have to fall within the “minimal, moderate, or substantial”. I am unsure on how to add the data values for this, so this is something I will have to come back to and add. ? ( I am NOT good with statistics AT ALL, and I am working my way through this and learning this all as I go)

power point about the history of clothes and cultures

power point about the history of clothes and cultures.

2 slides aboutThe clothes history and why people start to wear itFrom slide 3 to 8Introduction about Cultures fashionOld and traditional Saudi costume and the meaning of itIndian sari costume and the story behind itAfrican costumesEurope old costumesFrom slide 9 to 14About the fabric and how every region is using special fabricCottonThe history of the cotton and why they call Egyptian cotton the king of cottonSilkThe history of silkHow they discover itAnd why its specialWoolThe history of woolAnd their typesAnd why Kashmir is expansiveFrom 15 to 20Old fabric printing techniquesDorozomeEco printing with Dior videoUni wax printingMarble printing with Dior in mens collection with videoFrom 21 to 25About corsets and how they change it among the years until Dior created bar jacket Support it with pictures
power point about the history of clothes and cultures