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Deliverable 5 – Hypothesis Tests for Two Samples

Deliverable 5 – Hypothesis Tests for Two Samples. I don’t understand this Statistics question and need help to study.

Formulate and evaluate hypothesis tests for population parameters based on sample statistics using both Critical Regions and P-Values, and be able to state results in a non-technical way that can be understood by consumers of the data instead of statisticians.
Student Profile
You are a statistician working for a drug company. A few new scientists have been hired by your company. They are experts in pharmacology, but are not experts in doing statistical studies, so you will explain to them how statistical studies are done when testing two samples for the effectiveness of a new drug. The two samples can be dependent or independent, and you will explain the difference.
Concept being Studied
Your focus is on hypothesis tests and confidence intervals for two populations using two samples, some of which are independent and some of which are dependent. These concepts are an extension of hypothesis testing and confidence intervals which use statistics from one sample to make conclusions about population parameters.
What to Submit
Your research and analysis should be presented on the Word document provided. All calculations should be provided on a separate Excel workbook that should be submitted to your boss as well.
Deliverable 5 – Hypothesis Tests for Two Samples

What are the principles of communication?, homework help.

In section 1.4, Bevan and Sole (2014) discuss many principles of communication – taking responsibility for your behavior, shared meaning, acknowledging your view is only one, respecting others and yourself, and practicing being a competent communicator. In this assignment, you will explain two of these basic principles and then think through them with an example of miscommunication from your life or a hypothetical scenario. To close, you will identify a challenge Bevan and Sole address (see Section 1.3 on misperception, long-distance relationships and intergenerational relationship) or some other barrier that disrupted the process of communication and how this can be overcome. Here is the assignment breakdown:Drawing on Chapter one in Bevan and Sole (see section 1.4 specifically), explain two basic principles of interpersonal communication.Describe an instance of miscommunication (it is okay for you to use a hypothetical).Identify one or more challenge (see Bevan and Sole, Section 1.3) or barrier that caused this miscommunication.Explain how that challenge or barrier interrupted the process of successful communication and how they can be overcome based on what you’ve learned in this course.When you’ve completed the first draft of your paper, use the grading rubric to assess how you did. If you see weaknesses in any section, spend some additional time with that section.The Basic Principles of Communication paperMust be two double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style. For assistance, visit the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Essay Checklist for Students.Must include a title page with the following: (For further assistance with the formatting and the title page, please refer to the Formatting Instructions for MS Word 2013)Title of paperStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedMust include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper. For assistance on writing Introductions and Conclusions as well as Thesis Statements, please refer to the Ashford Writing Center & Library resources tab.Must use the textbook as a source. The Integrating Research tutorial will offer further assistance on including supporting information and reasoning.Must document any information from a source in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s In-Text Citation Guide.Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style. See the APA References List guide created by the Ashford Writing Center.
What are the principles of communication?, homework help

St Marys University the Role of America in The World Essay.

I’m working on a history writing question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

America in the World In our last unit, we examined the United States’ role in the world from 1898 to the present. In your final exam, you need to explain what role the United States should take relative to the rest of the world. Main question: “What role should the United States take relative to the rest of the world?” Sub- question: * Should America mind its own business and focus on itself, or does America have a special role to play in the world?If so, what is that role and how should it be performed? Present your answer to that question at the end of the first paragraph. Specifications: In a three-to-five page typewritten double-spaced paper using Times New Roman 12 point font with one-inch margins on all four sides, answer the following general question: “What role should the United States take relative to the rest of the world?” The best way to tackle such a question is to choose a sub-question and structure your answer around that sub-question. Many books have been written on this topic and the amount of territory one can discuss in a three-to-five page paper is limited. So choose a sub-question and provide your answer to the sub-question at the end of the first paragraph. Your answer needs to be grounded in primary and secondary materials. You do not need to cite PowerPoints, but if you use any of the written and video sources that I provided, you need to cite them both in-text and in a list of works cited. Be sure to use page numbers with your in-text citations (When the sample in-text citation uses “page #,” you need to provide the appropriate page number.). Furthermore, you need to alphabetize your list of works cited. (Do not factor in “a,” “an,” and “the” when alphabetizing.) This is not a research paper. You need to use at least three of the materials listed below, all of which were assigned in this class. You must use either Art Spiegelman’s Maus or Phil Klay’s Redeployment and if you use both, great! You do not need to cite materials from the PowerPoints, but other readings and videos need to be cited both in-text and on a List of Works Cited. You may use outside materials as a supplement, not a replacement for the three sources that come from this class. In-text Citation Works Cited Entry (Chang) Chang, Gordon. “Gordon Chang: China’s Rise (and America’s Fall) Just Won’t Happen. Here’s Why.” The National Interest, October 12, 2018. (“History”) History 101: The Rise of China. Netflix, Episode 3. (“Is America”) Is America in Retreat-Full Video, Free to Choose Network. June 26, 2017. (Klay page #)Klay, Phil. Redeployment. New York: Penguin, 2014. (“No One”) “No One Wanted Us: The Tragic Voyage of the SS St. Louis,” June 29, 2011. (Spiegelman page #)Spiegelman, Art, Maus: A Survivors Tale, parts 1 and 2. New York: Pantheon, 1986.
St Marys University the Role of America in The World Essay

It appears undoubtedly true that the Canadian economy is hanging on a balance, and there is an urgent need to focus on establishing reliable economic approaches to shape the Canadian economic future. Currently, Canada is focusing on exploiting their natural energy resources to strengthen its economy. Such a decision is believed to cause substantial impact on the livelihoods of all Canadians, as well as, the Canadian Government revenues in the future. Some of the most fundamental economic approaches that have been proposed are the Northern Gateway pipeline and the Keystone XL pipeline, which are designed to expand the oil sand refineries to other markets. In the early 1990’s, Canada embarked on expanding the oil sand industry through the establishment of the three oil sand refineries: Suncor Energy, Syncrude Canada and Shell Scott, to harness bitumen revenues, as well as, creating job opportunities to millions of Canadians. Consequently, the demand for Canadian petroleum products has increased considerably. Therefore; Canada requires an additional refining capacity to meet the arising need. This is the principal reason, as to why, the Gateway and Keystone XL pipeline projects have been proposed. The Northern Gateway pipeline project, which has been proposed by Enbridge Inc., will transport crude oil to the west for export into the Asian markets, from Alberta oil sand. The tanker port in Kitimat will receive crude oil through two pipelines from Bruderheim Alberta, which are estimated to hold a capacity of 718,000 barrels of crude oil daily (Whiticar par. 2). On the other hand, the Keystone XL pipeline has been designed to expand the Alberta oil sand to the United States. In general, the two proposed pipelines will enable Canada to alleviate the high costs incurred on loyalties, amounting to about US$ 20 billion annually. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Therefore, it is believed that the Northern Gateway and Keystone XL pipelines are essential for the Canadian economic future because; these projects encompass numerous economic benefits. Some of the principal economic benefits of the Alberta oil sand expansion through the Northern Gateway and the Keystone XL pipelines include the creation of employment opportunities to millions of the Canadian population, improving oil products export and increasing the Canadian energy output. Economic reports show that, an estimated share of US$48 billion will go into the pockets of the Canadian workers who will be involved in the construction of the two pipelines. In addition, a section of the Canadian population will acquire permanent employment at the newly established oil refineries; thus, the proposed projects will serve as avenues of job creation to Canadians. It is also estimated that the Alberta oil sand expansion will enable Canada to earn foreign exchange, especially through crude oil export to the Asian markets. The Northern Gateway pipeline will transport crude oil to the tanker port at Kitimat, which is meant for export purposes. Consequently, the shipping infrastructure will also be improved for efficient transportation of oil products to the foreign countries in the Asian continent. Economic analysts have sited the lack of efficient shipping infrastructure as one of the principal drawbacks for the expansion of the Canadian oil sand refineries into the foreign markets. According to the CIBC World Markets reports, “Alberta energy producers may be losing $18 billion a year on crude oil sold due to the lack of infrastructure for shipping and refining” (Whiticar par. 3). The report also indicated that oil production in Alberta exceeds the capacity of the existing oil refineries; thus, producers are forced to trade the commodity below market values, leading to a substantial loss of revenue. Market reports indicate that most crude oil producers in Canada sell a barrel at a cost of US$ 50, far below the International Brent price of US$112 per barrel. Another economic benefit for the Northern Gateway and the Keystone XL pipeline projects is that, the two projects will boost the Canadian energy production significantly; thus, reducing the cost of energy importation for industrial and domestic purposes. We will write a custom Essay on Is the Keystone and Gateway Pipeline Essential for Canada Economic Future? specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The proposed projects are expected to increase oil production by three-folds by 2025 because; the current output of 1.7 million barrels per day will be increased to 4 million barrels per day. This will probably be possible due to the improved shipping infrastructure and the establishment of high capacity refineries. Therefore, the projects will lead to supply growth in Canada and the United States (O’Meara par. 7). Moreover, the Alberta oil sand expansion will bring enormous economic benefits to Alberta, British Columbia and Canada as a whole for over 30 years through tax revenues and business investment. Enbridge predicts, “Canada’s GDP would grow by $270 billion over the next 30 years” (Whiticar par. 4). In conclusion, it is blatantly true that the Keystone XL and Northern Gateway pipelines are essential for the Canadian economic future. Despite the fact that Canadian workers reap full value from bitumen refinery because all the bitumen is refined locally, there is the need to expand the Canadian crude oil industry through exports. An AU Canada member remarked, “We should also understand that the building of the Keystone XL Pipeline is essential in moving both our treated and untreated bitumen to market” (AU Canada par. 5). From a critical perspective, Canada will gain a competitive advantage in the global market through diversification of its oil industry. Therefore, the Keystone XL and the Northern Gateway pipeline projects hold immense value for prosperity of the Canadian economy. Works Cited O’Meara, Dina. “Alberta Oil Producers Lose $18B a Year to Discount.” 14 Mar. 2013. Web. UA Canada, 2013, Why the UA Canada Supports the Keystone XL Pipeline. UA News 7 March 2013: Web. Whiticar, Michael 2012, The Northern Gateway Oil Pipeline. HTML file. Web. Not sure if you can write a paper on Is the Keystone and Gateway Pipeline Essential for Canada Economic Future? by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More

BUSI 561 Liberty University Legal Issues In Business Discussion

BUSI 561 Liberty University Legal Issues In Business Discussion.

INSTRUCTIONS/STUDENT EXPECTATIONS GUIDELINE:Our first discussion board is also due on Sunday, May 24. Please note that DBs in this class are not simply expressions of opinion, but are better viewed as mini research papers, where you will be expected to support your legal and ethical analysis with scholarly sources and Biblical worldview. Review the detailed instructions on the Discussion Board link, or in Course Content > Assignments and Instructions > Assignments > Discussion Board Forums. A brief review of key points:Thread = at least 1000 words and at least 3 scholarly sources other than the course textbook or course materials, cited in APA format (See DB Notes Document I emailed the class, please use headings to clearly show the question being addressed (helps others on replies), page or paragraph numbers on citations, make sure your in-text sources match your reference list, etc.)Scholarly sources:Acceptable sources include books, legal and business journals. Dictionaries and other web sources that lack scholarly support are not acceptable sources.At least two separate Bible passages fully integrated in the anaylsisJournal of Business Ethics is a peer-reviewed scholarly/academic journal you should find very usefulJournal of Biblical Integration in Business from the Christian Business Faculty Association (see The Christ-Centered Leader article review I sent by emailTOPIC OF DISCUSSION/THREAD PROMPT:Rarely does one individual’s decision or action create an ethical crisis entirely by itself. More often, someone’s unethical or illegal idea is adopted by other members of the company, and the problem grows within the organization until it erupts in headlines, bad publicity, and sometimes criminal penalties. After the fact, the questions always arise: How did that happen? Did not anyone know it was going on? Why did not someone stop it?Volkswagen found itself in just such a position when it was discovered that the software in the company’s diesel vehicles had been programmed to provide false data to regulators regarding the level of emissions produced by the cars. While the scandal was discovered in 2015, the company and the industry are still dealing with the repercussions (Boston, 2019).In his article “Volkswagen: Where Were the Lawyers?” Lippe (2015) questions the role that several groups within the company played in the scandal, most notable, the company’s lawyers and engineers.Review this situation from legal, ethical, and Biblical perspectives. Fully explain the following:As an employee or a manager in either the legal office or the engineering department, how would you have prevented this incident?As the CEO of the diesel division of Volkswagen, how would you have responded when the situation became public? How would this response prevent future incidents?Boston, W. (2019, September 25). Volkswagen CEO faces charges from scandal. Wall Street Journal, A.1.Lippe, P. (2015, October 13). Volkswagen: Where were the lawyers? ABA Journal. Retrieved from thread must also be at least 1,000 words and follow the guidelines outlined in the Student Expectations.
BUSI 561 Liberty University Legal Issues In Business Discussion

Leadership and Power

research paper help Leadership and Power.

Resource: The Art and Science of Leadership, Ch. 5Create either a 2- to 4-minute podcast, a 15- to 20-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation, a 1- to 2-minute video, or other presentation on the interaction and influence among leadership tactics according to the following criteria:Explain power and compare how it relates to leadershipAnalyze the five sources of powerSummarize the relationship between influence and powerDetermine how relationships between leaders and staff affect influence and powerCite a minimum of two references other than the text.Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.MaterialsThe Art and Science of Leadership, Ch. 5Leadership and Power Grading Guide
Leadership and Power

The Exposed Problems Of Sexism In The Media Media Essay

For many years now the media we are exposed to every day has been filled with gender inequality (sexism) even though we might not always notice it. Gender inequality is a problem we as humans have been facing for quite a few years now and more often than not the media has been part of the problem and not the solution. Problem statement: Does the media promote sexism and outdate views of male/female behaviour? What is media sexism? The Oxford Dictionary of Sociology defines sexism as being “the unfair discrimination on the basis of sex”. This kind of discrimination tends to operate in favour of men and against women; however the obverse is not entirely unheard of. From this we can assume that the term “media sexism” refers to discrimination on the basis of gender that we perceive from day to day in the media. As easy as the term may seem to be to grasp, it’s a much more abstract term in the way that we aren’t always aware of the sexism that takes place in the media. For example, the percentage of newsreaders covering important news stories that are male dominates the amount of female newsreaders covering important news stories. This is quite subtle and most people don’t notice this, whereas the amount of female sex workers seen in the news is much more than the amount of male sex workers seen in the news. Sexism of any kind, including media sexism can occur on many different levels and range from being covert to being outright blatant. Yes – the media promotes sexism and sexist behaviour From my point of view, yes, media does promote sexism and sexist behaviour. I say it does promote sexism because women, or to be more specific “women’s bodies” and “specific women body parts” are used to advertise new products. How many adverts have we seen in magazines where new gadgets are being advertised with half naked woman holding it? Cars, TV, graphics card, cell phone, laptop, etc, are all being promoted and it is being associated with women and their body. The adverts on TV are mostly being advertised by women. And if look at these commercials most of them the women have nothing to do with the product that is being advertised, one of the example is the advert for fruit juice where woman were being splashed with different fruit and fruit juice. If we also look at the computer games and their characters we can clearly that its promoting sexism. As they make the women characters look very attractive and expose their bodies. This is not the only place where media promotes sexism, if have we look at the movies and series, we can see that the men are the ones playing the important roles in the movie and women are there just as the hot sex icon, we can take Transformers for example, where Megan Fox who is the one of the main characters in Transformers plays a sex icon in the movie. If we remember when the Transformers 1 and 2 came out many men went with their friends to cinemas to watch the movie not only for its great action and effects but went to go watch it to see Megan Fox. I can remember many of my friends talking of going to watch it just to see her. This clearly shows that women, in this case Megan Fox, are used to advertise the movie so that it can sell better. We can clearly see that media does promote sexism after we have given and discussed different fields of media where media sexism is being used. This is not good as there are many disadvantages from advertising women in such a way. Women are being used as objects. This has influence on men’s mind, as it changes the way they view women and how they treat women in general. No – The media does not promote sexism and sexist behaviour For many years the media has been dominated by male presenters, reporters, writers etc. Women were seen as inferior to men and their voices were not heard in the media. However, this has now come to pass… According to the Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP), a global survey that is taken every five years, in 2005, 57% of all television news presenters were female and throughout the world women are more frequently becoming strongly represented in newsrooms. These figures also remained stable during the 2010 survey. It showed that while men were more likely to report domestic news stories (70%), women were much more likely to report international news (61%). Also worth mentioning is that 83% of news stories focusing on women were also presented by female journalists. Their findings from 1995-2010 for reporting and presenting the news read as following: 1995 2000 2005 2010 %Men %Women %Men %Women %Men %Women %Men %Stories presented on TV and Radio 51 49 49 51 53 47 49 As can be seen from the above table taken from the GMMP 2010, the percentage of males and females presenting news stories on television and radio have been rather stable and more importantly, equal for the last 20 years. This is a good example of how gender inequality and stereotypes are starting to dissipate from the media we are exposed to in everyday life. This change was brought about thanks to various different approaches to the issue of gender equality in the media that include, but are not limited to: Bringing gender balance to the institution of media; Creating alternative media for women to tell their stories and to let their voice be heard; Empowering and hiring female journalists; These approaches aren’t mutually exclusive. They all play important roles in gender equality in the media today as well as the fair portrayal of females in the media. In conclusion, males and females are slowly but surely starting to enter a balance when it comes to equality in the media. The days of gender stereotypes are drawing to a close and we welcome female journalists and newsreaders into the previously male dominated field where they prove themselves to be equals to their male counterparts. How the media portrays men and women and the effects thereof Through sexism in the media, stereotypes of how men and women should act and the roles they should adhere to are developed. The media has the power to influence the masses and by communicating sexist ideas the media is creating stereotypes by which they expect the public to conform to. Adverting campaigns such as the “Bar One Man” launched by Bar One and Windhoek’s “Always Keep it Real” advertising campaigns are typical examples of the media dictating how men should act. Women used for advertising and television programmes are most times abnormally thin and skinny. Women viewing this believe that this is the norm and are driven to unhealthy diets and eating disorders in order to obtain what the media has portrayed as the ideal body. Young girls and women can suffer from anorexia and bulimia while trying to conform to what the media has portrayed as the perfect body size. Men are portrayed as being very strong, masculine and muscular. Men spend hours at the gym trying to obtain what has been presented to them as the perfect body and sometimes turn to supplement such as steroids for help which damage ones health. As a result of not achieving the perfect body, people can suffer from anxiety, depression and a range of inner conflicting emotions. Men and women are glamorised and portrayed as completely flawless in the media, this prompts everyday people to waste large amounts of money on cosmetics so that they may conform to this flawless image. Women spend money on expensive make-up, perfumes, clothes, jewellery and accessories while men are prompted to buy colognes, after-shaves and other costly cosmetic products in order to make themselves look appealing to the opposite sex. Some people would go as far as to pay to have cosmetic surgery done to improve their bodies. In the media women are presented as sex objects to be used by men. This leads to decay in the self esteem of women as they begin to believe that the only way to get attention from men is to present themselves as sex objects. This also has a negative impact on men as they loose respect for women and are led to believe that there are many beautiful women in the world that are easy and willing sex partners. In the media men are often seen doing something stupid or potentially dangerous to gain the attention and approval of a woman. This is seen in a lot of First for Women advertisements on the television and in magazines. This encourages men to act recklessly to get a woman’s attention. The way the media portrays men and women is not an accurate representation of reality, but a false portrayal of how the media expects men and women to be. The way media portrays men and women creates an extremely high expectation of reality. People become obsessive about meeting that expectation and damage their health and emotions in the process. Men and women face disappointment when the opposite sex does not live up to the high expectation the media has created of them. Using sexism to help promote or sell products does not always work in the favour of the companies advertising. Sexist advertisements that appear in the media can often annoy and enrage the gender that is being exploited or ridiculed in order to promote the product. This causes negative feelings and emotions towards that advertisement. By using sexism in advertising a company can gain the attention of its audience but can also leave people feeling angered and opposed to buying that specific product. Group opinion After discussing the topic and considering all the information we gathered throughout this assignment we as a group decided that the media definitely promotes sexism and sexist behaviour particularly in favour of males. The female body is often being exploited to sell products; females are less frequently used to present important news and less than 30% of journalists covering important stories worldwide are female (GMMP, 2011). Hopefully in coming years this will become a thing of the past, but for the time being media sexism is a very real problem that we face. In conclusion It would appear that the media is still representing females as being inferior to males or at least to a certain degree. Despite this however, females are starting to fight back and are proving to be worthy equals to their male counterparts. Organisations such as the GMMP are trying to ensure gender equality in the media and are slowly, but surely achieving their goal. This is a mindset that might take many years to get out of, but it is a necessary change that will have to take place if we are to truly progress as a species. In our opinion, males and females are equal and it should be portrayed that way in the media and in any walks of life.

Interviewing vs. Testing

Interviewing vs. Testing.

air and accurate decision-making has long been a goal of psychological testing. The earliest known uses of psychological tests were civil service exams, established in China 2000 years ago. These tests helped to assess individual ability, establishing an arguably fairer way to select capable employees and de-emphasize rank and personal connections.Nevertheless, decisions about people are not always made by using psychological tests. Decisions are often made by using subjective procedures, such as interviews. Examine the following scenario and consider whether, for this situation, interviewing or psychological testing might be a more effective evaluative method.The warden at a prison where you work has discovered that parole decisions made by a panel of interviewers often turn out to be wrong, with released prisoners often committing crimes and retained prisoners often demonstrating model behavior. The warden asks the prison psychologist to make a recommendation regarding whether parole decisions should be made on specific test batteries or interviews. Assuming that you need to choose one or the other, what would you recommend as a method for deciding parole—a test battery or the panel interview?With these thoughts in mind:Post by Day 4 a brief explanation of differences between objective (testing) and subjective (interviewing) methods. Then provide your position, based on the scenario provided, on whether interviewing or psychological testing is a more effective evaluative method. Support your response using the Learning Resources and the current literature.Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources, APAplagiarizing, quote work, APA formmatting, and’s
Interviewing vs. Testing