In early 1900’s a small yogurt producing factory with a vision to reach its scrumptious yogurts in every part of the world was started in Barcelona, Spain. Later Danone entered the biscuit industry in 1986 by buying General Biscuit and in 1989 it added to its portfolio of biscuit brands by acquiring Nabisco’s European subsidiaries  . Later Danone began aggressively venturing globally and took over 40 acquisitions in Asia, Latin America, Central Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. The Globalization vision would have been futile if Danone Group would have not entered Indian market where 1/6th of the world population resided. It took 7 decades for Danone to reach India with an immense hope of stabilizing its brand through a joint venture with Wadia group. Together they took over 51 percent holding of India’s leading biscuit manufacturer, Britannia Industries Limited. Danone did foresee this venture as a potential growth for one its core business lines of biscuits. Along with strengthen its biscuit portfolio, it saw strategical entry of the other two businesses of dairy products and beverages (specifically water). Antoine Riboud founder of Danone stated during unveiling of the companies from BSN to Danone that “We wanted our name to be an added source of momentum for the global expansion that is now our priority. The food industry has in the past treated markets as discreet entities separated from each other by the culinary traditions of countries or regions, but it is now caught up in the same swing to globalization as others. This is because not only tastes, but also distribution and media are becoming just as global (Franck, 1996).” Antoine Riboud and his successor Franck Riboud knew that they had to develop a response to this allegation by entering the Indian market to strengthen the growth of its biscuits, dairy products and beverages. However Danone’s association with its joint venture persuaded a change of strategy which eventually restructured its core business line and future actions. However, Danone stayed consistent with its priority of expansion globally and considering India to be important nation to pursue its vision. About Danone Group The Danone Group is a multinational food products company and currently consists of four principal business lines namely fresh dairy products, bottled water, baby nutrition and medical nutrition. Danone’s fresh dairy products sector represents 60% of the group sales according to 2009 report making it the number one company in fresh dairy products. The two lines of probiotic dairy products named as Actimel and Activia are the most accepted products of Danone [refer exhibit 2]. As for the other business lines, the bottled waters and baby nutrition products were ranked number two in the world and its medical nutrition products as number one in European market (Press
Blues Music Innovations and Atlanta Discussion.
I’m working on a communications discussion question and need a sample draft to help me learn.
I need these discussion questions answered. Most of them are from the book that i will attach.Blues People, Chapters 4-6, pgs 32-80Assignments Due: Discussion #3: Why is blues music considered a technological innovation for enslaved Africans and African Americans brought t the American South? How do you understand the significance about the experience of enslaved Africans that impacts the type of music they produced when brought to the South? What other points stood out in the reading that indicate the beginning of a trap aesthetic that was revealed in blues music?These are songs to listen to for discussion 6 Assignments Due: Discussion #6. Listen to Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five’s “The Message”, Afrika Bambataa’s “Planet Rock”, and Eric B and Rakim’s “Know The Ledge”. What stories are told? What is the messaging in the songs? How are they related? Contextualize the first two within the year of 1982 and the third within 1991.Read the following essays:https://bittersoutherner.com/bring-the-noize-organized-noize-southern-hip-hop/?rq=joycelyn%20wilson(Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)https://bittersoutherner.com/from-the-southern-perspective/how-black-cultural-currency-is-changing-the-political-landscape (Links to an external site.)https://bittersoutherner.com/from-the-southern-perspective/music/mayor-keisha-killer-mike (Links to an external site.)Screen: For Those Who Love God and Trap Music (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)The links above may be used to answer this discussion question Assignments Due: Discussion 7 Former Mayor William Hartsfield, in 1955, is credited with the giving Atlanta its identity as a city “too busy to hate”. He is responsible for building the city into the aviation powerhouse it has grown to be. Andre 3000, at the 1995 Source Awards, declared “the South got something to say”. His group, Outkast, is credited with giving Atlanta its identity separate from northern hip hop performance sensibilities. Juxtapose these two identifiers with one another within the context of race and technological innovation from both eras. Describe the rise of Atlanta hip hop as a post-civil rights response to desegregation, opportunity, and entrepreneurial access.
In project management delivering the project as stipulated time in the contract is the most important factor to be focussed by the contractor and the implementer. Time is one of the three factors in project management should be given priority beside cost and quality. These three factors are related to each other and will give effect if one of these factors neglected. Time estimation has been identified as one of the key performance to be addressed in providing best value to construction client. To predict the construction duration of project based variables which are construction duration, building type, procurement route, contractor selection method, type of client, contract value, building function and complexity of the building. Construction management decisions are made based on schedules that are developed during the early planning stage of projects, many possible scenarios also should be considered during construction. Construction programmes are of utmost importance for a successful timely delivery of buildings or infrastructure projects. A well developed project schedule model is a dynamic tool that can be used to predict when the project work that remains to be completed can reasonably be expected to be accomplished. There is no specific tool in determining the accurate time for project duration practices in JKR. Most of the project duration was based on previous durations of the project which were not the same component of each project. By using the previous experience it may not shows the correct duration for the project. From this estimation of project duration JKR use the history of project duration based on the cost of the project, the size of the project, location and complexity of the project. This method is used since the existence of JKR. No specific method for estimate the duration of the project. It is important that the project implementation schedule is planned so that it functions according to determine other than completion on schedule without delays that could affect the other activities expected by the end-user. Good schedule will ensure the implementation of realistic; given enough time for activities such design approval procurement, construction, tests the line and so on. Scheduling that fails to take into account the important matters will result in projects having extension of time, or termination. This will affect the end user involve additional expenses, including financial liability, employee relocation and storage of equipment and problems inventory. Delays in the completion of an entire project due to poor scheduling can also create havoc for owners who are eager to start using the constructed facilities (Gomar et al., 2002). 1.2 Problem Statement Delivering the project on time as stated in the contract to the client is important to JKR as an implementer. The main problem in JKR’s current practice is estimating accurate time in JKR project. Failing to deliver the project on time to the client will show the performance of JKR. One of JKR’s objectives is to deliver the entire project in time as agreed with the client. Inaccurate time estimation will lead to late completion of the project. Inaccurate time estimation will cause the client additional operational cost. Incorrect in determine the project duration will shows the capability of JKR as a technical department in government. This is one of the reasons for project to be given extension of time (EOT) beside other reason such as the contractor selected cannot give full commitment to the project. Base on the JKR’s record most of the project will have at least one EOT. From the data provided by JKR Project Monitoring Unit shows that more than 50% of the projects in Ninth Malaysia Plan supervised by JKR are completed behind time. This shows that time estimation for those projects are not accurate. This study will create a standard model to be used to estimate project duration. Aim of the study The main aim of this study is to develop appropriate mathematical model and strategies that can be used by the practitioners to improve current method of time estimation for JKR’s projects. Objectives of the study To achieve this aim, the following objectives have been delineated To identify the factors that influence the completion time of the JKR projects. To study the relationship between JKR’s estimated times with the actual completion based on 5 years historical data To develop mathematical model improving time estimating for school project by JKR. Scope of the study This study will use school building project by JKR only. Historical data for this study will rely on project that had been completed within past five (5) years. Mathematical model that will be used is multiple regression technique. Other more advance technique will be employed as the research progress and if found suitable. Research Methodology The methodology is divided into three stages. Planning Stage The planning stage is where the topic of study determines, aim and objective is set. Besides that literature search is done to accommodate literature review. Data Collecting Stage At this stage the methodology used in conducting this study is through literature search, data collection and structured interviews with the professionals or expert panel who are involved in time estimating of the project and questionnaires survey to JKR’s staff who directly involved in determining the time of the project. Data collection will be gathered from the project as stated in the scope of study. From the results, the questionnaires survey will be conducted among JKR staff within the category of the study to assess their opinions of the findings towards the objectives of the study. Besides the questionnaires survey some interviews has also been conducted with the professionals as the expert panel, project manager, engineer and quantity surveyor to assess their opinions towards the findings based on data that have gathered. The interviews are divided into face to face questions and answers session and answering the structured questionnaires. The qualitative data generated from the questionnaires have been analyzed using statistical method and finally inferences were made to support the study findings. Reporting and Validating Stage At this stage a report will be produced based on the analysis done in second stage. The new process created from the finding will be tested and validated by the expert and selected JKR staff who involve in the process. The overall sequence of study process undertaken is shown in figure 3.1 PLANNING STAGE DATA COLLECTION STAGE REPORTING AND VALIDATING STAGE Study Topic Literature Review Objective (i) To identify the factors that influence the completion time of the JKR projects. Questionnaire Survey – to evaluate current practice – to determine factors that influence project time completion Validation of the model Develop mathematical model to express the relationship Interview with Expert Panel – to determine current practice – to determine the current process Objective (ii) To study the relationship between JKR’s estimated times with the actual completion based on 5 years historical data Defining Study Aim, Objective and Scope Document search about current practice Objective (iii) To develop mathematical model improving time estimating for school project by JKR. To establish mathematical model to show relationship between completion time and factors that influence completion date Report and Finding Validation of the process Figure 1.1 Research Methodology Process CHAPTER 2 SCHEDULING PRACTICE IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT 2.1 Introduction A skill essential for good project management is accurate time estimation. There are two important reasons to get time estimates right: To drive the setting of datelines for planning and delivery of projects To guide in determine the cost of contract. It is important to make time estimation as input into other techniques used to organise and structure all projects. People always neglected or underestimate the needed time to implement project. It may reduce large project to a series of smaller project if a good time estimation technique is being used. An important aspect of Project Management is scheduling time accurately. This is a critical component of Project planning as this will decide the deadline for the completion of a project, whether small, medium or mega. (Suri et al., 2009) Stage of Time Estimation Time estimation should be taken into account during planning of the project. During this stage it is important to set the target date for completion of the project. However, a reliable estimate of the construction time at the early stages of design development will reduce uncertainty, provide a key focus for the design team, and can prove beneficial to the overall management of the construction process (Nkado 1992). Forecasting of construction cost and time is very important to contract administration as time prediction and cost forming a basis for planning, monitoring, budgeting and litigation. There are two methods of estimating construction cost and time. According to available budget by the client and time constraint through a detailed analysis of work to be done and resources available, using estimates of the time and cost requirements for each specific activity The detailed estimation of construction activities usually relies on the estimators’ experience and judgement to correctly interpret project and site information and make the best possible decisions. (Alfred, 1988) Current Time Estimation With the use of computer software, the estimation of construction time can be determined. This is despite the fact that a number of computer-based time forecasting techniques have been developed through research and targeted to construction professionals, including quantity surveyors, for the purpose of forecasting construction time at early design stages (Brandon 1990; Nkado 1992). In some industries, there are books recording industry standards for use by cost and schedule estimators. In every industry area there will be a body of knowledge that associates the accomplishment of known work efforts with time duration. Interviewing those who have had experience with similar projects is the best way to determine how long things will really take. Construction time demands the focus of attention of all the key participants in the construction process and is often a basis for evaluating the success of a project and the efficiency of the project organisation. Alternative procurement approaches (Masterman 1992; Turner 1990) facilitate the overlapping of design and construction times. Scheduling is a process that anticipates the future and the time taken to complete the project can not be anticipated exactly. There are techniques that can increase the likelihood of being close if planning and estimating is done side by side, the project can be managed to achieve the schedule by accelerating some efforts or modifying approaches to meet required dates. Project Manager is responsible in developing a project schedule. According to Project Management Institute’s Project Management Body of Knowledge defines a project schedule as the planned dates for performing schedule activities and the planned dates for meeting schedule milestones. The practice of schedule development leverages knowledge gained from activity definition, sequencing, and estimating to create a formal sequence of project activities, the project schedule, that outlines when required work should start, when it is expected to be completed, and who will do the work. Successful project managers “are those who can plan for the unexpected and are flexible enough to accommodate the unforeseen.” (Needleman, 1993) CHAPTER 3 SCHEDULING PRACTICE IN JKR PROJECT Introduction Time estimation still the main agenda when JKR preparing for any new project. It is very important for public projects to be completed on time, as the clients, users, stakeholders and the general public usually look at project success from the macro view where their first criterion for project success appeared to be the completion time (Lim and Mohamed, 1999). Construction time performance references has identified that time along with cost and quality are the three crucial success in construction project. Literature review on construction projects suggested that the common criteria for project success are generally considered to be cost, time and quality/performance (De Wit, 1988; Wright, 1997; Arditi and Gunaydin, 1997; Frimpong et al., 2003; Williams, 2003; Luu et al., 2003). 3.2 Time Estimation Practise by JKR In project management time is the important criterion in accessing the progress of the construction. According to Nkado (1995), construction time has been shown to be the most influential in the overall time performance of projects. Experience is one of important criterion in scheduling process together with experience with general scheduling in the project area. From the past experience of construction projects showed that more time was given during construction. This time was determined either by JKR or by the contractor depending on the type of tender. The fixed duration time was determined by JKR. Their estimated duration mostly is based on their past experience and as a result, these estimations were found to be inaccurate. The estimated time was done base on the ‘rules of thumb’. As the construction time often has to be compressed in order to fit into the imposed time constraints, there may be insufficient buffer time to overcome unexpected interruptions, or ”disturbances”, to the planned schedule. (Isaksson, 2005). Practitioners prefer to rely instead on their experience or to refer to historical records of the time performance of past projects (Atkin et al. 1993). 3.3 Consideration for Estimation In determining the accurate time for the construction project, a few characteristic has to be considered. According to (Ahmad et al., 2006) data related to project characteristics were: contract size (in terms of Ringgit Malaysia); tender type – three types of tender, i.e. open tender, open to bumiputra only (native Malay contractors) or selective tender; bid ratio (the difference between awarded bid and next lowest bid); bid spread (the difference between lowest and highest bid); percentage difference between awarded bid and estimate; extra project cost; number of bidders; size of contractor (class A, class B, class C and class D and E); project complexity (less complex, moderately complex or highly complex); type of design and supervision (projects both designed and supervised by appointed consultants, projects designed by consultant and supervised by government engineers, project both designed and supervised by government engineers); experience of contractors (similar to the work tendered, comparable or other experience); and project regional location (northern, western, eastern and southern region). Abd Majid and McCaffer (1998) conducted a literature survey on causes of project delay where they claimed that 50 percent of the delays can be categorized as non-excusable delays for which the contractors were responsible. A study by Kumaraswamy and Chan (1998) indicated that six common significant factors for both building works and civil engineering projects were: poor site management, supervision, low speed of decision making involving all project teams, client initiated variations, necessary variations of works inadequate contractor experience. In estimating time of project, a consideration on the characteristic and factors of the project must take into account during planning. The factors that JKR consider for the project that estimated are cost, location and complexity. These factors are taken base on the history of construction in JKR. In order to gets more accurate time estimating a few other factors should be consider not only the above. Reaction by JKR Top Management Director General of JKR Malaysia (2002) in meeting with Directors of JKR Malaysia has mention about the project duration implemented by JKR. Quoted from minutes of meeting the by Director General of JKR Malaysia “(a) Mengambil maklum : (i) akan keterangan bahawa tempoh pembinaan yang ditetapkan adalah sesuatu yang tidak mustahil untuk dicapai. Pembinaan sekolah dalam tempoh 6 bulan merupakan sesuatu yang praktikal dan telah dibuktikan dengan kejayaan pembinaan Projek Sekolah Kebangsaan Paya Besar Lunas, Kulim yang disiapkan dalam tempoh tersebut. (ii) akan keterangan bahawa Projek SRJK(C) Tropicana Damansara berjaya disiapkan dalam tempoh 5.5 bulan sahaja. (iii) akan keterangan bahawa Pengarah INTAN begitu kagum dengan penyiapan Projek INTAN Kluang sehinggakan beliau meminta JKR melaksanakan semua kampus INTAN yang lain. “ Base on the above quote by Director General of JKR Malaysia it shows how important accurate time estimation in JKR Project to top management. JKR has used fixed duration time for the construction of school and it is successful. Another criteria to be consider in determining the time is method of construction. Most of the building projects implemented by JKR in the second half on Ninth Malaysian Plan (RMKe 9) are using Industrialised Building System (IBS). Base on the instruction by Ministry of Finance through the Treasury Circular Letters No 7 Year 2008, at least seventy percent (70%) of component must use IBS for government project. This instruction will lead to another criteria that accurately estimate the time in JKR project.
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Flour dust is classified as a hazardous substance (COSHH regulation 2002) associated with occupational asthma, sensitization, allergic rhinitis and inflammation. Flour dust could also give rise to distress temporary respiratory, nasal and eye symptom, or it may exacerbate an asthma attack in those with pre-existing sickness.( Elm etal 2004) In the UK, flour dust is the next most frequently named agent linked with occupational asthma. (Ross etal 1997) Overall working with flour is indispensable activities and food processing involving flour dust in a bakery typically would not be considered by many to be unsafe nevertheless, if a bakery employee are exposed to airborne flour dust over a long period, life threatening illness can occur, with these rapid increase in occupational respiratory illness associated with flour dust exposure in May 2001 a maximum exposure limit (MEL) for flour dust was placed in the UK at 10 mg/m3 [8 h time-weighted average (TWA)] with a short-term exposure limit (STEL) of 30 mg/m3 (HSE 2002) In a bakery where worker complain of respiratory symptoms which they believe are work related different factor will be considered before confirmation. Investigating, evaluating and identification of different source and aspect relating to exposure to flour dust should be consider this may include individual grounds such as occupational history, types of baking flour being used ,nature of the job ,other medical condition, age, types of respiratory protective equipment worn , pre employment assessment, length of service will be vital for confirmation. Question A Many studies have shown that exposure to flour dust is associated with development of respiratory symptoms and varying degree of reduction in lung function. These depend on work environment and duration of exposure, Identifying if the symptom are work related, different cause must be put in place and efficient analysis of different factors such as personal and family history of allergy, smoking habit, existence of nasal, ocular, respiratory symptoms , duration of employment at the factory, previous jobs, chronology of symptoms and other medical conditions, the use of protective method, and link of symptom to certain part within the bakery and leisure activities should be critically evaluated as individual entities to ascertain the relationship of the workplace and the symptoms this factors will be analyse as individual body, For instance occupational history is a vital part of this assessment a poor occupational history may perhaps result in classifying a disease as occupational when it is, or vice-versa. The consequence may result in a mislaid judgment losing an opportunity in improving the fate of other employees. A full occupational history detailing their current and previous job, what type of job the employee actually does or has done before and any other previous jobs and activities such as voluntary jobs, are they newly employed or have they being working for the company for over five years, the nature of the job, have they frequently changed job depending on the answer other variable question could be asked during individual interrogation before validating this symptom as occupational. Furthermore Symptoms and other medical conditions should be questioned because respiratory diseases have related suggestion and exhibit vague symptoms and physical sighs. If the worker has other medical condition what medication are they taking prescribed as well as non prescribed use, do they have any specific allergy and it relationship with the symptoms should be assessed, what occupation are family member engaged in, as any household member engage with hazardous material that they might have brought home such as pesticide, are there new furniture or carpet or recent home renovation or has their home just being fumigated or have they just moved home does the timing of the symptoms have relationship with the activities listed above does it get worse or better at work or at home and vice versa has any other household member or neighbour suffer similar conditions is there any consistence with days off does the symptom get triggered at night or weekends. Occupational Exposure is another factor which should be well understood, quantifying the extent and intensity to which the body as experience a particular hazard, the greater the exposure the greater the risk of an undesirable effect on health . An estimate of factors including the duration of exposure, pattern of exposure, and concentration of a substance inhaled the intensity of exposure, current and previous exposure. Occupational exposure can be obtained in various ways ranging from a detailed history taking plus a workplace visit to the use of sophisticated background or personal monitoring devices. What matters most is the actual ‘personal’ exposure of the worker and this in turn determines the uptake of the potentially harmful agent, questions like do the five employees work with the same machine, work in the same area, are they exposed to more flour dust exposure in there working area compared to others. . Information about the type of flour being used is very essential. Flour is a complex organic dust with a large diversity of antigenic or allergenic components. (AlaEldin etal 2009) The antigens involved can be wheat flour proteins, flour parasites or technical additives such as enzymes. Baker’s occupational asthma is frequently caused by sensitization to flour allergen. Wheat flour consists of water- soluble albumins, salt-soluble globulins, gliadins and glutens. Albumins and globulins appear to be the most important proteins contributing to immediate hypersensitivity reactions in employees. Many studies have shown that flour dust exposure causes respiratory symptoms and is associated with impairment of lung function. (AlaEldin Hassan Ahmed 2009) work related asthma type symptoms were linked to having antibodies (IgE) to wheat flour, storage mite and house dust mite. Sensitisation to wheat, rye and mite was associated with work related nasal symptoms. Those with work related symptoms were significantly more likely to be sensitised to workplace allergens than those without symptoms. The type of respiratory protective equipment worn would be examine and most be suitable for the purpose of it use , a check into the required type of RPE specified for working with flour dust would be identified, a test which involve use, maintenance, disposal, and replacement would be reviewed to confirm if required HSE standard are met. Age is also a common factor which affects all as we grow, age is characterised by a decline in the ability of individuals to adapt to environmental stress, immune function decline (Takashi 1980). Sometimes decline in immune function can be a factor of high prevalence of susceptibility to illness even at standard occupational exposure limit. Therefore looking at ages of employee will be a yardstick to determine if age is a factor to the illness. A clinical questionnaire will also be required to assess the apparent likelihood of the symptoms to being occupational also a clinical examination, including blood sampling, skin prick test, lung function tests such as spirometry, methacholine challenge test, will be perform to examine signs of nasal obstruction and any difficulty in uptake and exhale of air to explore the diagnosis of asthma following the completion of the clinical questionnaire, this is because clinical question does not differentiate the workers with asthma symptoms. Basically, the lung function test allows recognize cases of asthma amongst employees that cannot be detected by the clinical question, while positive skin pricks and blood sampling recognize antibodies, which may be present in a sensitised person (HSE, 2002). Leisure activities, smoking and hobbies Generally work related symptoms will be defined as those described as worse at work or improving on rest days, nevertheless, (Elm et al., 2003) have reported that a number of individuals may only suffer night time attack and illness such as coughing and other respiratory symptoms after a extensive period and not necessary at work. This may perhaps pose a restrictive factor in determining the probability of work relatedness. Therefore depending on the clinical investigation and other individual assessment such as personal exposure limits, allergy and other factors mentioned, there is a likelihood the respiratory symptoms reported by the five employees are work related if the exposure limit are not met or if the RPE are not the specified ones for working with flour dust and are not being worn and correctly maintained. Nevertheless, conclusion will be achieved by evaluating exposure data collected by external occupational hygienist and the effectiveness of control measure in the bakery and appropriate staff training. Question 2 Occupational exposure monitoring data are projected towards assisting industry in fulfilling their legal obligations and ensuring the safety of worker against illness. in a bakery to begin with copies of the bakery occupational hygiene data for the last two year will be appraise. There should be a qualitative assessment of data, which will include description of operation, visual inspection, a check in the work environment and process for safety hazard related to flour dust and biological agent such as flour sensitizer e.g. amylase, air monitoring provided by the occupational hygienist showing various and thorough examination of all parts of the engineering control system, lev devices such as the filter, the air mover drive mechanism e.g. fan belts, are working correctly, logs for checking for indications of effectiveness (e.g. deposited dust). air sampling which will include personal air monitoring of workers, measurements of air velocities, Duct velocities, Capture velocities, Face velocities, measurements of static pressure and at suitable test points, type of hood required for individual task and maintenance, general information concerning the number of male and female workers, assigned spaces assigned to the individual baking task, major equipment assigned to the task, A table listing the operations performed, stressors involved, number of persons exposed, frequency and duration of the operation, types of controls in use, and whether the controls are considered adequate, recommendations relevant to each operation in the table. Workplace assessment of RPE used Although elimination or reduction of respiratory hazards through substitution or engineering controls is preferred, there may be instances in which workers require the use of appropriate respiratory protection for work, which involves exposure to potentially hazardous environments, respiratory protective equipment selection analysis required to fit with individual task ,Respiratory Protection Summary A summary table listing the allotment where personnel who need to use respirators work, the work tasks that produce exposures requiring the use of respirators, and the minimum type of respirator required for adequate protection for this task. Medical log for reported illness or symptoms, analysis of sample of workers exposure to chemical and biological agent and airborne exposure concentration of flour dust in the bakery compared with regulatory standard and accepted occupational exposure level, results of any exposure monitoring conducted in past years. Medical Surveillance Exposure Monitoring Results Summary providing the results of air monitoring in relationship with past symptoms or illness. If other types of exposure monitoring are performed they should be summarized too. Local exhaust Ventilation measurements evaluated list the location of the system, the hazard it controls, whether the system meets health and safety requirement and a brief description of what action is required. measurements of each LEV system installed i.e., for contaminant control, a statement of the design criteria for that system, an assessment of whether the system meets the criteria, and recommendations for corrective action LEV examination records of at least every 12 to 14 month and visual weekly check, if needed. Exposure Monitoring Plan A table summarizing all exposure monitoring recommended to include the location, work task, stressor, monitor location and measurement method, number of samples and frequency of sampling, and the estimated time to accomplish the sampling. Inspecting the reliability, suitalbility and the quality of the exposure data provided it will be expected different control identification; maintenance sampling mention earlier must be well summarised, organised and presented Question 3 Observing the effectiveness of the control measure provided by the company Health and safety Regulation oblige employers to carry out a risk management assessment at the workplace. As a health and safety manager an ample on-site hygiene examination will be conducted when products preparation is in full swing, this will include a walk-through study to assess the bakery as well as an exposure control assessment, consistent occupational hygiene reports produced by the occupational hygienist for each task will be appraised, These reports example fig 1 provides conditions and specifics of the bakery such as size of the bakery, dimension ,control measures in place, local exhaust ventilation, working practices, awareness of UK policy and training provided, From these assessment, the effectiveness of control in place can be reviewed to ascertain whether the control measures is sufficient to cut exposure to 10mg/m3 8 h MEL and 30 mg/m3 15 min STEL or below. Efficiency of control measure in place will be assessed by examining relevant flour-based task, engineering controls, as well as personal air monitoring which will involve collection of breathing zone samples of randomly selected workers in different job task including those with the symptoms using a calibrated IOM sampling heads. The IOM Head will allow the collection of various dust fractions at the same time, As well as by using correct combination of foams it is possible to collect combinations of Inhalable, Thoracic or Respirable dust. The filters will be kept under stable temperature and humidity weighed before and after sampling then dust exposure of 8 hours working shift calculated using C1T1 C2T2 â€¦CnTn / 8 where C1is the occupational exposure and T1 is the associated exposure time in hours in any 24 hour period Different job categories such as filling, Sack disposal, hand dusting, will be observed. An excellent marker of poor practice is settled flour on surfaces, If bad practice is assumed, a dust lamp can be used to view the airborne dust generated. Considering what cleaning technique are used for dealing with spillages and cleaning flour contaminated surfaces dust will be assessed methods such as a vacuum cleaner should be expected to be used rather than brushes. Information, guidance and instruction employee have received on the health risk related with flour dust will be appraised. Respiratory protective equipment (RPE) should not be needed if the extraction is in placed correctly and working properly. COSHH Regulations state the need to prevent or control exposure to hazardous substances by using a firm hierarchy of controls. Where adequate control cannot be achieved then the use of correctly chosen and correctly fitted RPE in conjunction with control measures is permissible. In a bakery correct RPE requires an assessment of the properties of the hazardous substances used, consideration of the task, and consideration of the individual wearing it. there are other limitation which should be taken in to account in a hot bakery RPE might lead to a risk of oxygen deficiency , RPE only protects those workers who are wearing it correctly and those who are not wearing it remain unprotected Incorrectly fixed, incorrectly used or incorrectly maintained RPE will not provide sufficient protection and could cause more harm RPE may be uncomfortable to wear and may interfere with some work tasks thereby some worker take it off and are exposed to dust . university safety office,(2009) as the health and safety manager RPE used by employees must be checked if they are of the appropriate type, fit tested, well maintained and appropriate training given in wearing, removal, storage and replacement (HSE, 2002). It must be noted that to ensure optimum effect, the RPE must always be worn as brief exposure will result in a much higher risk of becoming sensitised and developing occupational respiratory disease (Cullinan, et al., 2001). Local exhaust ventilation is an engineering control system used in reducing airborne contaminant such as dust, mist, fume, vapour or gas in a workplace.”It is important and a legal obligation that LEV systems are tested regularly as engineering controls is routinely used to minimise potential exposure of employees to hazardous substance (HSE hand book 2008) . Local exhaust ventilation will be assessed using the producer performance requirement to know if the extractions are working properly for signs of damage to the ducting, air ¬lter, extraction system and gauge with no dust leaks. If this information isn’t accessible, an experienced ventilation engineer will be required to examine the system thoroughly and test its performance the engineer’s report must show the target air flow velocity and pressure a personal dust sampling analysis from employee will also be required to assess the suitability of the type of lev in place with the work process, maintenance logbook including annual 14 months check of the lev will be required to check how often cleaning process, such as changing of filters and training giving to staff on maintenance are provided. Confirmation can be made on whether the control measures in place are adequate to reduce exposure to well below the 8 h MEL and 15 min STEL exposure limit, if personal hygiene is being followed and there are evidence that substitution has been considered and effected where possible, effective engineering controls and local exhaust ventilation have been provided and maintained and suitable RPE is provided, and there are evidence of appropriate training provided regarding use and maintenance of engineering controls and RPE. As well as there were only 5 employees lately complained of respiratory symptoms that maybe occupational, this signify that the bakery has tolerable control method that would lessen exposure below the MEL and STEL exposure limit. This suggests that the affected employees could have being exposed to other source of inhalable hazardous dust which are not work related due to change of furniture, change of environment or RPE are not worn by this few employee’s correctly or this few employee have low immunity or it might be due to medications if they are taken one Alaeldin Hassan Ahmed, Effects of exposure to flour dust on respiratory symptoms and lung function of bakery workers, department of medicine, university of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan journal of public health January 2009 vol 4 no http://www.sjph.net.sd/files/vol4i1/sjph-vol4i1-p210-213.pdf HSE hand book 2008 Controlling airborne contaminants at work: a guide to local exhaust ventilation (lev) http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/priced/hsg258.pdf Health and safety executive (1996) Flour dust in bakeries, airborne levels and ill health http://www.hse.gov.uk/foi/internalops/fod/oc/500-599/523_1.pdf J.elms,E. robinson,S. Rahman. A Garrod 2004 Exposure to flour dust in UK bakeries: current use of control oxford journals medicine volume49, issue1 pp. 85-91 http://annhyg.oxfordjournals.org/content/49/1/85.full Julia Smedley, Finley Dicks, Steven Sadhra (2007) Oxford handbook of occupational health, Oxford University press, oxford Newyork. Ross DJ, Keynes HL, McDonald JC. (1997) sword ’96: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK. Occupational medicine; 47: 377-81. Narjis A.H. Ajeel, Asaad k. Al-Yassen (2007) work related allergic disorder among flour mill workers, the medical journal of Basran university vol. 25 ,no 1 http://www.docstoc.com/docs/26180338/work-related-allergic-disorders-among-flour-mill-workers-abstract Takashi Makinodan, Marguerite M B Kay 1980 advances in immunology, age influence on the immune system vol 29 Geriatric researches, Department of medicine, University of California Academic press. University safety office,(2009)university of oxford respiratory protective equipment http://www.admin.ox.ac.uk/safety/policy-statements/s7-09/ Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
Blues Music Innovations and Atlanta Discussion
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology Business Intelligence Analysis PPT
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology Business Intelligence Analysis PPT.
Please submit here a narrated PowerPoint for your final presentation of your thesis proposal. Minimum acceptable length is 10 minutes — you should easily be able to fill this if your proposal is substantive and well-analyzed.Remember that this is not you reading a paper — this is more of a “sales pitch” than anything. Requirements:- This must be narrated. Must be narrated. TEST IT BEFORE SENDING. I should be able to open it up and hit Present/Play and just let it go. If you fail to meet this requirement you will automatically lose 50% of the grade (5/10 possible points).- Introduction topics, including criteria such as your project motivation, the gap/needs that brought you to it, and what significant considerations and context surround the topic area- RQs/Hypotheses/Objectives, operationalized and justified. There should be NO ambiguity here. (Remember, “What is the impact of Big Data on Security” or “How do we make X better?” are not specific enough.)- Literature Review, presented as the primary topics you separated your review into, the reason they are important and frame your study successfully, and what key sources/authors you identified (the important few). Discuss how this literature further informed your research agenda, methodology, and consideration of conclusions/limitations for your thesis- Methodology, as precise as you can make it. Sample, collection, framework (if qualitative), analysis, intended outcome. You do not need to be long-winded here, but you must cover each of the required components of your chapter- Conclusion, timeline and future projections of issues, routes to completion, etc. This should be a straight forward pitch for what your research area/problem is, why it’s worth investigating, what surrounding knowledge you are employing in your investigation, the exact plan for executing your research, and what you intend for your research to contribute/accomplish.
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology Business Intelligence Analysis PPT
Impact of AI on Global Culture
essay writer free Impact of AI on Global Culture. Technology has certainly changed our everyday lives in ways that 25 years ago we would have never thought possible and has played a role in this tech evolution. When we think about how frequently we use our smartphones in a day and find it hard to function without it or drive a vehicle that has GPS and WiFi technology that tracks our every mile or when doing searches online the search is auto filled based on search algorithm suggestions from machine learning logic; this just proves how advanced and pervasive this technology has become. If you can nod your head yes to all of these scenario’s then surely there is recognition of the subtle suggestions and manifestations of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been in existence as long as computers have been. However; the idea of AI has existed even longer with some of Greece’s early philosophers. But what is AI? AI is machine learning computer systems that have taken over human intelligence and replaced with machine intelligence. This paper attempts to investigate, as well as explain the impact and implications of AI, the future of AI, as well as the history of this progressive, controversial and revolutionary technology. AI exists in our lives in all different aspects such as our cars, phones, internet, sales, manufacturing, homes, jobs and the overall economy. With so many different touchpoints, it is critical to examine the benefits of AI as well as the determents, and how or if it should be used moving forward. This technology will continuously be evolving which makes this a very interesting topic to explore. Just in the last 5 years science and technology has made huge leaps and bounds in the growing use of artificial intelligence. With this technology in its progressive lifecycle; people in the future will be able to accomplish difficult tasks with ease. This is a very controversial topic and we will explore the impact on our global culture as well as the ethical, environmental, political, legal and moral implications and effects on our society. Part 1- Background and Historical Timeline Introduction Technology has changed our everyday lives in ways that 25 years ago and even further, we would have never imagined! Taking a deeper look into the historical origins of Artificial Intelligence, also known as AI, it’s easy to see how it has played a pivotal role in tech evolution. When we think about how frequently we use our smartphones in a day and find it hard to function without it, or drive a vehicle that has GPS and Wi-Fi technology that tracks our every mile, to doing searches online that are auto-filled based on search algorithm suggestions from machine learning logic; this proves how advanced and pervasive this technology has become. If you can nod your head yes to all these scenario’s, then you surely are aware of the suggestive nature and evidence of Artificial Intelligence. Emergence of Artificial Intellect AI has been in existence since the first CPU, the idea of artificial intellect and logic, however, has existed even longer; since some of Greek’s first philosophers! “Logic is a language for reasoning. The term logic is a Greek term “logikos” meaning “word” but has a deeper meaning in intellect and controlled thought. Logic is formally defined as the science which addresses the validity of inference and demonstration, that initially appealed to philosophers, then computer science and ultimately the field of Artificial Intelligence” (Flanagan, 2017). Prior to the year 1949 computers were deficient in meeting basic standards for being considered “intelligent”, as they could only gather instructions, not implement them. Essentially, computers could be given an order of what to do but could not recall what was being asked of them. “Around the early 1950’s leasing a computer cost roughly $200,000 a month, and only the prominent universities as well as major tech companies could embark on such tasks. The concept of a computer being intelligent was difficult to advocate for and needed some convincing that machine intelligence was worth pursuing” (Jaeger, Mariaa, Wong, Agatha,Impact of AI on Global Culture
I will provide the logins when the question is assign it for your access to the book and some videos you need. Please gimme a high quality work
I will provide the logins when the question is assign it for your access to the book and some videos you need. Please gimme a high quality work.
https://sdcc.populiweb.com/router/courseofferings/…First discussionAnswer the following prompt. Do NOT include the questions in your post, that will result in an automatic 0.After completing your reading this week, reflect over the past few weeks, and the articles you read for your annotated bibliography, and write at least five (5) things, that could help you when implementing a change within your organization.Your initial post must be submitted by Wednesday at 11:59pm, and 150-words or longer. It should be written academically. You should then respond to 2 of your classmates by Sunday at 11:59pm with each reply being 50-words or more. Your responses must be quality responses, not expressions like “I agree.”Second discussionAnswer the following prompt. Do NOT include the questions in your post, that will result in an automatic 0.For this discussion, you are to watch the video provided below, and comment on the content concerning Leadership and Organizational Change.If the video does not appear, you may have to click on the link instead. You are expected to cite the speaker in the video at least once, then you are to pose a question for other students in the class to answer.Your initial post must be submitted by Wednesday at 11:59pm, and 150-words or longer. It should be written academically. You should then respond to 2 of your classmates by Sunday at 11:59pm with each reply being 50-words or more. Your responses must be quality responses, not expressions like “I agree.”Assignment AORGANIZATIONAL REFLECTIONDescribe a time when you were involved in personal or organizational transition and change. As you reflect on your experience, what lessons learned (positive or negative) would you pass on to a leader facing significant change?What potential opportunities or challenges exist when leading change efforts in a cross-cultural environment?What is the importance of listening, empathy, and communication in facilitating cross-cultural change? What conflicts and/or problem solving skills came into play? Or should have been displayed?Please write a 1-2-page paper in an APA formatted Word document and then upload to the drop box below.Assignment BSignature AssignmentThe Signature Assignment is where we measure your progress as well as the effectiveness of the course. This is a way of holding us as an institution accountable for the learning outcomes and quality of courses we are delivering.Reflecting over the past five weeks, write your own “what we need to know,” by creating an action plan for a transition in a fictitious company. (If you currently work for a company, and have a change coming up, you may create a real action plan, but please do not rehash an old situation. This is learning to be proactive, not reactive.)Examples might be: A new boss, a new product, a launch of new marketing, downsizing, location change, introduction of new technology, change in roles, new staff, change in customers/marketplace, etc.The questions to answer in your plan are:What change will occur? When will it occur (how much time to prepare)? Who will be affected? What are some possible possible positive and negative effects? What are some proactive steps you can take to prepare the staff? How will you communicate the changes with the staff? How will you handle unforeseen situations as they arise? Include other things that you think are necessary for this to be a smooth transition.The assignment must be 3 pages long and should cite at least two articles. (Consider using two that you included in your Week 4 assignment.) The plan should be APA formatted in a Word document and uploaded to the dropbox.Please include APA in-text citation and reference page. Refer to In Text Citation 1 and In Text Citation 2 for help if needed.
I will provide the logins when the question is assign it for your access to the book and some videos you need. Please gimme a high quality work
“Globalization has changed the functioning of local governments”. In the light of this statement, discuss the challenges faced by local governments in the age of globalization.
“Globalization has changed the functioning of local governments”. In the light of this statement, discuss the challenges faced by local governments in the age of globalization..
Write an essay on the following topic in about 1000-1200 words.“Globalization has changed the functioning of local governments”. In the light of this statement, discuss the challenges faced by local governments in the age of globalization. With the help of examples, explain how local governments can raise their funds, meet future challenges and be able to convert their challenges into opportunities.(You are required to include at least three scholarly references in your answer)..The assignment with be evaluated in terms of your planning, organization and the way you present your assignment. All the three section will carry equal weightagewrite your answer on the same word file I uploaded please.
“Globalization has changed the functioning of local governments”. In the light of this statement, discuss the challenges faced by local governments in the age of globalization.