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Cuyamaca College Social Work Violence Victims & Criminal Justice Research Paper

Cuyamaca College Social Work Violence Victims & Criminal Justice Research Paper.

Term Paper Assignment SW110.docxExample Research Paper SW110.docxAPA Paper Format Guide.pdfAPA Paper Style Essentials.pdfSCHOLARLY RESEARCH TERM PAPER GUIDELINESSocial Work 110 requires all students to write a 10-11 page (including cover page, abstract, references, and annotated bibliography pages) scholarly research term paper on a field of service in the social work profession, in the American Psychological Association (APA) format. The Research Term Paper AssignmentYour Paper Will Consist of the Following:Cover PageAbstractLiterature ReviewField of ServiceReferences PageAnnotated BibliographyYou will submit the paper in two parts:Part I – Cover page, abstract, Literature ReviewPart II – Field of Service, References page, Annotated BibliographyWhat are the Objectives of the Assignment (Student Learning Outcomes)?To assure that each student by the end of the semester will be able to demonstrate the ability to research, interpret, and report information related to a specific field of social work practice, grammatically correct APA (American Psychological Association) format. These skills are essential in social work education. Acquire knowledge and gain insight into a specific field of social work serviceGain an understanding of the values and ethics that impact social workers in this fieldDemonstrate a beginning knowledge of how to consult and utilize research evidence to inform ongoing policy and practiceDemonstrate knowledge and application of APA formatChoose One Field of Social Work Service to Write About (pages 21-26 main text)Child WelfareFamily, Youth and ChildrenPregnancy & ParentingSchool Social WorkMental HealthOlder AdultsSubstance AbuseMilitary Social WorkMedical Social WorkGrant WritingInternational Social WorkRefugees and/or ImmigrantsDisabilitiesCrisis and TraumaAdministrationViolence, Victims and Criminal JusticeCommunity Organizing*** You can narrow your focus: For example: If your topic is Criminal Justice and Corrections, you could focus on the specific area of Juvenile Delinquency *** What Are The Research Requirements? Begin your research for appropriate and relevant reference materials. Use the topic headings to help you identify the areas of focus.What are the Literature Requirements? You will need at least one book or e-book Choose a book that focuses mainly on the field of service that you have chosen (textbooks can be used as a supplemental source, but not the main source).The course textbook from Social Work 110 cannot be used as a reference.The book should be written by a professional in the field of social work or a closely related field.You will need three scholarly articles – What is a scholarly article?A scholarly article is written by a professional and is usually contained in a professional journal.Social work journals and articles written for the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) are good examples of appropriate references. “Social Work Today” is an online/hard copy magazine that often has scholarly research articles available; it is available in the Cuyamaca Library. You can also use journal articles from other related professions such as psychology, psychiatry, nursing, pediatrics, and education.Articles, research, and statistics from the Federal Government are acceptable.You can also use e-scholarly articles.Popular culture magazines, newspaper articles, and websites are not appropriate for scholarly research (Examples: Wikipedia and about.com). *Please be sure that all resources include author/s and dates. Undated books, articles, or websites will not be accepted. Important Research Specifics All resources must be from the United States of AmericaAll resources must be no older than 2010. The date must be included!Locating Your ResearchThe Cuyamaca Library (Library building, LRC/C)The librarians have a copy of the Scholarly Research Term Paper Guidelines. They are all very skilled in helping students find appropriate resources and materials for this research assignment. The Cuyamaca Library has also purchased a large number of new books that will help social work students with this research term paper. For assistance with research contact a librarian in person at the reference desk on the 2nd floor.There is also an extensive online library that includes e-books and e-articles specifically for the subject of social work. For online reference assistance: http://www.cuyamaca.edu/library (Links to an external site.)For Social Work Resources (e-books and e-articles): http://cuyamaca.libguides.com/socialwork (Links to an external site.)Part I of the Research Term Paper Cover PageAbstractLiterature ReviewDefine Field of ServiceTarget PopulationPractice MethodsSocial Worker RoleThe Topic Headings – Content of the Scholarly Research Term PaperBelow are the topic headings as provided by San Diego State University for the “Literature Review” and “Field of Service.”A literature review is a way of organizing, summarizing, and critiquing a topic to inform the reader about a problem or issue. It allows you to examine the research question, topic, problem, or issue in greater detail by considering what other people’s’ writings and studies have shown.Topic Headings for the Literature ReviewDefine the field of serviceDrawing from the literature, describe in detail the following:What is the target population? (Who are the clients in need of service? Include information regarding the age ranges, gender, and socioeconomic status)What are the practice methods that social workers use in this field? Indicate micro and/or macro practice methods. What is the role of the social worker in this field?Guidelines for the Research Term Paper Assignment (See “Example Research Paper” located on Canvas within “Files”). General Information The research term paper should be 10-11 pages in length and divided into several parts. Cover pageAbstract“Literature Review” “Field of Service” References PageAnnotated BibliographiesContent must be accurate and conclusions must be adequately supported by scholarly research. This is not an opinion paper.Grammar and syntax: Sentences should convey meaning clearly and should be grammatically correct with appropriate punctuation in place. Spelling should be correct.Use APA Formatting (American Psychological Association)Please consult the APA Style Essentials for general document guidelines such as the title page, abstract, body of the paper, text citations and quotations, and references (located in Canvas under “Files”)A sample APA Format paper is available in Canvas under “Files.”The Bibliography or “References” SectionThere will be one “References” section for both parts of the paper, located at the end of the paper, in APA format. A sample APA format “References” page is available with a sample APA format paper located in Canvas under “Files.”Goals of the Research Paper Provide various viewpoints by discussing what others have written or reported about the topic.Assess the strengths and limitations of the literature, identify and comment on the major themes found in the literature, and offer a critique of the work.You need to base your perspective on your research findings and critical analysis of the literature review.Final Paper is the finished product that includes a college-level discussion of the topic with accompanying research and supporting evidence.All required topics in Parts I & II are covered accurately, with supporting research.There is an analysis of the literature that you reviewed.The paper is written in APA format, including citations and the “References” page. Grammar, organization, and writing are at the collegiate level.Please refer to the term paper guidelines in this document for all requirements. A Helpful Resource for Writing the Scholarly Research Term PaperThe Writing Center offers tutoring to assist you with organization, grammar, syntax, punctuation, proofreading, editing, and APA format. The staff will have a copy of the research term paper guidelines. They are very familiar with this assignment, and are skilled in helping students with research papers.Students who utilize the services of the Writing Center consistently tend to produce high-quality research papers.Be sure to make appointments with the Writing Center well in advance. This is especially true if you need multiple appointments. It is the job of the Writing Center to teach writing. As your instructor, I am available to help interpret the assignment. Assuring Academic Honesty and Avoiding PlagiarismAlways cite your sources in APA format. Failing to cite sources is considered plagiarism, which is a form of academic dishonesty
Cuyamaca College Social Work Violence Victims & Criminal Justice Research Paper

Table of Contents Introduction Company Analysis Findings Conclusion Reference List Introduction Marketing can be defined as the process of making goods and service available to customers. Marketing helps to communicate one’s product to the potential customers. This includes selling products and promoting them through advertising. Marketing is geared towards satisfying customer needs and through the sale where the marketers earn revenue. Company Analysis The Apple Company was established in the year 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. Ronald Wayne opted to sell his stake in the company. Therefore, he stopped being a shareholder in the company after his shares were bought by the other two partners. In the initial stages of the company, Mark Markkula was critical in providing the financial assistance and expertise that was needed. The headquarters of the company is based in Cupertino, California. The Apple Company engages in the manufacture of electronic gadgets and software. Some of the software manufactured by the company include the Mac OS X operating system and iTunes, among others. The company also manufactures the iLife, iWork and Aperture. Apart from the software, the company manufactures hardware such as the iPod, iPhone, and iPad among others. Notably, the Apple company also manufactures the Macintosh computers. Steve Jobs was the former CEO of the company but died in 2011. As an entrepreneur, Steve Jobs created a great success story for the company. Most of the activities are based on risk taking. The establishment of the various products is based on risk taking by the organization. This has made the company quite successful compared to other competitors in the market. The aspect of entrepreneurship can be traced back to when the company was established. Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne took the greatest risk to establish the company. They had inadequate funds, and they underwent challenging moments to generate enough capital for the establishment of the business. Entrepreneurial aspects are also evident in the current activities of the organization (Gay, Charlesworth
Starting a new business or company the owner must have a strategy plan that focuses on the companys strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, before opening the doors. Understanding the business SWOTT will help the development of the strategy plan and prepare for any unexpected problems that may occur within the internal and external environment. A SWOTT analysis particularly will allow Jean’s rare find books, to audit, plan, and focus on key issues that come up in the business. External Trends Jane’s rare find books consider and selected the economic forces, competitive analysis forces, competitive external forces, and technological forces for the external analysis. . Competitive analysis Ray’s books, and Blake’s wholesales books warehouse are the market competitive analysis focuses on the company’s (Jean’s rare find books) competitors has decreased. Blake’s wholesale books warehouse controls 20% of the market and Ray’s books control 10% of the market. Jean’s rare find books have computer kiosks set up throughout the store, which give them the competitive advantage over the competition. Selecting a book can be done with the touch of a button that will give a history of the book, first and last owner, and where the book is located. In addition, the store will have programs set up for high school and college students alike that will enable them to rent out available books using his or her school code, and student’s identification at a price that fits his or her budget. Strength: Offering rare books people cannot find, availability of signed, and first edition books of rare authors who people or individuals have not seen in years. Weakness: Opportunities: The ability to advertise and connect with people looking for a book. Threat: Larger store better technology Trends: The trend shows improvement and the ability to change and move forward. Economics Economics facilitates the decision making in the business considering the cost of products and services. “Economic factors concern the nature and direction of the economy in which a firm operates. Because consumption patterns are affected by the relative affluence of various market segments, each firm must consider economic trends in the segments that affect its industry” (Pearce

Anger Management Essay

This research is aimed at identifying the topics that should be introduced into the curriculum in anger management. It should be mentioned that this curriculum had to be designed for adult probationers at Legacy Services, in Orange. One can distinguish various topics that should be considered by these learners. At first, these people should learn about the situations that can trigger anger reactions. This knowledge will help them better anticipate anger responses and avoid possible confrontations. Furthermore, these people need to learn about the strategies that help individuals overcome anger. For instance, it is possible to mention deep breathing and relaxation imagery. Apart from that, the probationers need to know about cognitive strategies that are useful for resolving conflicts. In many cases, people decide to have a confrontation, instead of trying to find a solution to the problem. So, people should be able to examine a certain problem from different perspectives. These techniques will be helpful for minimizing the possibility of anger responses. Apart from that, one should focus on such a topic as the expression of anger and dissatisfaction. This information will enable adult probationers to avoid conflicts with other people, especially when they disagree on something. Overall, these people will become more resilient to stress. These are some of the aspects that can be identified. Additionally, it is important to give the participants a better idea about those emotional characteristics that increase the likelihood of anger responses. So, these people will see how their character traits can impact their behavior. Overall, the selection of these topics is based on the premise that adult probationers should get better insight into the practical aspects of anger management. They should be able to apply the best strategies that have been tested in different settings. In turn, various theoretical models related to anger management will be of little help to these individuals. One should keep in mind that the adult probationers differed considerably in terms of their age, ethnicity and culture. So, educators had to introduce various anger management techniques that could be later adopted by probationers. This is one of the precautions that had to be taken. Both formative and selective committees participated in the design of curriculum. The main task of these committees was to single out the best practices which adult probationers had to adopt in order to minimize the impact on anger on their experiences and physiological state. The design of the curriculum involved the use of the so-called ADDIE model. It includes such stages as analysis, development, design, implementation as well as evaluation. This approach is beneficial because it enables educators to use the recommendations of students and modify their instructional strategies. This approach can significantly improve the efficiency of educational interventions. This is one of the aspects that should be identified. The main goal of this project was to develop an educational model that could help probationers cope with anger. This emotion can profoundly affect the physiological state of these individuals and their relations with other people. These skills are critical for their integration into the society. These topics have been identified, because this knowledge can significantly improve the experiences of probationers, especially at the time when they struggle with stressful situations. Overall, these activities proved to be rather valuable because they demonstrated how different stakeholders could join their efforts in order to design the curriculum for a specific group. These are the main aspects that should be considered.

Volvo Management Case Study

help me with my homework Introduction Organizations are part and parcel of every society. This is because human beings are involved in the process of forming organizations with the aim of attaining certain objectives. In essence, human beings are social animals who have the tendency of organizing and ensuring that their affairs are managed within their anticipated objectives. This is usually done in light of the complex and dynamic environment. For organizations to function there is need to have management. Management is the ability to plan and set down goals and objectives with the goal of ensuring that the set standards are realized within the available resources and opportunities. Organizational change Change is a complex process. This is because it is more complex than human behavior. Thus, there cannot be a single specified approach which can be regarded as the solution to managing these changes. In essence, a change technique which is applicable in one organization may not necessarily be applicable in another organization. Organizations are different in many aspects these aspects include the work culture, management and leadership styles, structure and design, employees and their expectations not forgetting the customers who are served within these organizations. These factors which are dynamic in nature define the entire organizational platform. Thus, for a change to be implemented effectively, one should ensure that the set approaches with regard to the changes are congruent with the dynamics, complexity and the uniqueness of the organization. What is change? There is a common statement which holds the belief that there is nothing as constant as change. In this regard, there is need to establish what change means. From one perspective, change may imply dissatisfaction with what may considered to be the old and belief in the new. Dissatisfaction arises from many aspects or sectors. These dissatisfactions may be associated with the perceived deficiency in the approaches which are in use within a given organization. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In this case, deficiency implies the inability of a system to respond to environmental pressures and the technological impacts. Consequently, change underlies a qualitatively different way of perceiving, thinking and behaving and to improve over the past and the present. Essentially, change may be perceived in two ways. First, change may be conceived as a continuous and intrinsic to an organization. This means that the changes which are observed within an organization are minute though they are continuous over a given period of time as the organization grows and develops. In this case, an organization is viewed as state of flux where the elements of its systems and subsystems are always undergoing subtle changes. These changes are minute though they account for major organizational changes which are observed after a given duration of time. Secondly, change may be viewed as extrinsic and discontinuous. In this case, organizations are viewed as normatively stable structures and change perceived as disruptive, forcing organizations to modify, restructure or reconfigure. In this case, certain changes occur abruptly and quickly while others take time to occur. In this case they are slow and can be anticipated. In this regard, organizations just like human beings have got certain thresholds for these changes. Situations where the impacting forces are extremely forceful for organizations present cases where the organizations need to adjust. This is because when these forces are beyond the tolerance level of the organization then progress is usually at the mercy of these forces. Some organizations are usually not able to adapt to these changes, while others are usually able to maneuver through these changes and come out strong. This is usually a consequence of the creative and drastic changes which are normally taking place. We will write a custom Case Study on Volvo Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Managing change In order to survive and eventually prosper, organizations must have the mechanisms which monitor and evaluate the environmental dynamics which are playing out. This is a proactive measure which is based on the fact that there are times when these changes could be abrupt and forceful that the organization may not be in a position of adjusting to them in good time. Thus, the ability to monitor and adjust to these changes in time is an important aspect which needs to be put in place in order to ensure that the objectives of the organization are realized. In essence, successful organizations are not organizations which believe in change per se, but rather they are organizations which are proactive when looming changes are observed. Past success are important, however, what is more important is the aspect whereby the organization is privy to the fact that past success may not guarantee future progress or even success. Healthy organizations are organizations which are able to link up the past to the present, and the future with the present in dealing with change. Continuity without change leads to stagnation, boredom and frustrations. Furthermore, stagnation is often associated with the decreased level or ability to adapt to environmental changes, ultimately leading to organizational crisis. Being able to strike a balance with regard to the prevailing environment is a crucial aspect with regard to managing the changes which are desired. The process of managing change is known as coping with change. This process is not easy within any given organization. This is until the process is characterized by change consciousness among the stakeholders within the organization. Change consciousness in this case focuses on focus, speed, boundarylesseness and goal elasticity. Change consciousness is usually the understanding of the need or necessity for change. The fact that it is a continuous process entails retooling of strategy, process and people. This is usually done in light of rethinking about the process of having core competencies which are in line with the organization at hand. Focus refers to the promptness with which the organization responds to internal and external demands and contingencies at all levels. In this case it represents speed in reaching customers, in being motivated and innovative to be able to meet the dynamics which are associated with the changes at hand. Not sure if you can write a paper on Volvo Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Forces of change Organizations can be termed as systems which exist within a certain context. In this case these systems exist within the context of an external environment which is characterized by a dependent relationship where they interact in order to grow and survive. Any factor in the environment that interferes with the organization’s ability to attract the human, financial and material resources it needs, or to produce and market its services or products becomes a force of change. Internal to itself, a number of forces operate in the organization that could facilitate or hinder its functions, processes and actions. Organizations as systems are usually subject to two types of forces these include the external forces and the internal forces. External forces are forces which affect the organization from the outside. These include political, social, economic and competitive environment. On the other hand the internal forces are those which affect the organization from within. External forces Political forces; politics plays a key role when it comes to the formulation of policies which inform the operation of an organization. In this case, a political faction might not hold ideologies which favor a certain trend of affairs while another might hold views which uphold and sustain a given trend of affairs. In this case, when a political approach is taken it depends on the views of the political class. For instance, the laws which are passed are usually influenced by the politics of the day. Thus this ends playing a key role regarding the politics of the day. Economic forces; economy is a major cause of change. Present and the perceived future changes influence the decisions and choices which are made within an organization. For example, fluctuating interest rates, declining productivity, uncertainties arising from inflation or deflation, low capital investments, the fluctuating price of oil, recessions and the lowering of consumer confidence have a marked impact on different economies, therefore, on organizations. Technological forces; the global changes are usually driven by the technological advancements. This century has witnessed dramatic changes which have revolutionalized the approaches which are taken. The world is presently characterized by dynamic and dramatic technological shifts. The technological shifts and changes particularly in the communication and the information and technology sector have played a key role in organizational changes. The work place has changed and thus the organizations have also changed. This has resulted in having a different set of affairs with regard to the services which are offered. It is also worth mentioning that advances in technology have contributed to the development of economies. Government forces; governments play a major role when it comes to changes which are being witnessed within any sector. Governmental interventions in the form of regulations also lead to change. Some of the influences which the government has include deregulations which are put in place by the government. Deregulation is the lessening of the government rules and the process of increasing decentralization of economic intervention at the level of the state. Foreign laws always play a major role. Foreign exchange affects international trades which in turn affects organizations which are involved in these kinds of trade. Volvo’s Management Revolt Does the proposed merger between Volvo and Renault discussed in the case represent planned change or unplanned change? Briefly explain In essence to change is to move from one state to another. In addition, to change is to move from the present to the future, from a known state to a relatively unknown state. In the case, of Volvo, the change is to move from the state of independence to a state of dependence. This would come as a result of a merger between Volvo and Renault companies. There are different types of change. Planned change or developmental change is change which is usually undertaken to improve the current ways of operation. It is usually arrived at as a consequence of a calculated change. It is aimed at achieving a certain desired output or performance and to make the organization more responsive to the internal and external demands. In the case of Volvo’s merger, it was a form of unplanned change. This is because despite the fact that the change was based on the realization that the organization was realizing the objectives which it had set in terms of car production and sales. The change was reactionary and it was intended to avert the challenge that Volvo was facing regarding the sale of cars. The main aim of this change was for the survival of the organization. This eventually led to giving the long term objectives of the organization secondary considerations which were not embraced by most of the stakeholders within the company. What were the major personal and organizational barriers to organizational change which led Volvo to back out of the merger? There are many factors which influence the process of change within an organization. In this case, there are some aspects which hindered the process from taking place. The major factor that hindered this process was the prevailing market conditions that were observed. The employees who were against the merger leaked documents which indicated that Renault did not have a steady intention of a merger. In addition, the prevailing conditions within the Renault Company were not appealing. As an organization, Renault was facing harsh economic times as compared to Volvo. Thus, most felt that joining hands with Renault would not be a wise move. Secondly, technological advancement was also an issue that arose from the merger. The technological ambitions of these two companies were not in tandem. This was characterized by consistent disagreements when it came to the joint work which was being done by these companies. Thus, some stakeholders within the Volvo ranks felt that there was something lacking which hindered the process which was being done. Thirdly, there was government interference whereby the French government was not clear whether the company would be privatized on not. Thus the Volvo group felt that not all issues were being tabled and this hindered the process which was under consideration. The decision to cancel the merger with Renault left deep division in Volvo and some accusations of betrayal and duplicity. What could Volvo have done differently to avoid some of the bitterness that resulted? Communication is fundamental for any process of change to take place. In this case, communication channels were deficient. Communication was not clear and not everyone was privy to the process thus it was treated with a lot of suspicion. In essence, the leadership of Volvo could have carried out a survey from all the stakeholders to identify the major reasons and challenges which were being faced by this organization. This would enable everyone to give their views and suggestions which would have paved way for a more inclusive approach in the decision which would have been made. Eventually, the process would have taken place based on mutual understanding. Based on the information presented in the case study, what can we infer about the organizational culture at Volvo? What comes out regarding the organizational culture at Volvo is that this is a company where communication is limited. In addition, not everyone is given an opportunity to air out their views reading the future of the organization. As a consequence there is strife when it comes to make major changes within the organization. What can be inferred from this case study is that communication and consultation are invaluable assets when it comes to running a successful organization. Thus, in everything that is done within any organization, one should always seek to create an atmosphere which favors consultation towards a given objective. References Cummings, T. G.,

Computer Science homework help

Computer Science homework help. Why do you want to join the United States Navy?, -specify why the navy over the other services, -touch on the navy’s core values of honor, courage, and commitment., -if you have a friend or relative who has served and inspired you, talk about their influence on your life.,Why do you want to join the United States Navy?,Write your motivational statement using Microsoft Word to take advantage of spell and grammar check. Your statement should not be more than 800 words.,Why do you want to join the United States Navy?,-specify why the navy over the other services, -touch on the navy’s core values of honor, courage, and commitment., -if you have a friend or relative who has served and inspired you, talk about their influence on your life., -talk about ,being proud of your country and feeling a duty to upload and defend the constitution and the citizens of this country, including your friends and family., -if there was a specific event or memory that you have that helped set you on the path towards a career in the Navy talk about it. Making a statement personal gives the board a better idea of who you are as a person.,Why do you want to be an Officer and a leader of sailors?,Why are you WORTHY of the privilege?, -remember, joining the navy is a privilege that many are not afforded. And being selected as an Officer is extremely competitive and is an HONOR, every officer commission comes as an appointment from the President. Why are you worthy of being selected and afforded the privilege of leadership? What will you bring to the Navy that will make you an effective leader of sailors? Highlight your work ethic, your belief in service and self-sacrifice, your potential to grow and develop as a leader, and that leading hardworking American sailors is the highest of callings for which you would be humbled by the opportunity.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Computer Science homework help

Buddhism’s Things and Ideas Term Paper

There are different types of icons signifying different things and ideas associated with Buddhism. However, the following are the commonest and most popular ones that define Buddhism. The Right-coiled White Conch that coils on its right side is a symbol of the far-reaching, intensive and sweet sound associated with the teachings of Dharma. It is appropriate for a wide range of aspirations, natures and characters of disciples and compels them to come out of the deep sleep of ignorance. It encourages them to focus on accomplishing their welfare and that of others. The precious umbrella is a symbol of the entire work of shielding human beings from harmful forces and sicknesses in life. Generally, human beings should be preserved from all forms of suffering in the realms of gods and men. The victory banner is a Buddhist icon that represents one’s victory in different activities in the face of difficult situations. It also symbolizes that the Buddhist doctrine is victorious over every harmful and ill-intentioned force. The golden fish in Buddhist iconography symbolizes the perceived success of human beings since they are characterized by fearlessness and never think of perishing in the ocean of sufferings. They move from one place to another with ease just like the fish do in the waters. The Auspicious drawing represents the dependence that exists between secular affairs and religious doctrines. In addition, it symbolizes the unity that exists between method and wisdom and how wisdom will unite with great compassion when enlightenment comes. The whole purification of the body, mind and speech that has been defiled is symbolized by a lotus flower in Buddhist iconography. This flower symbolizes how wholesome deeds will eventually blossom after a happy liberation. The vase of treasure in Buddhist iconography represents a continuous rain of happy life, posterity, riches and all the good things of the world and freedom. The history of early Chinese paintings dates back to 6000 years ago. Early Chinese civilizations initially used pulverized or crushed minerals in painting ordinary designs, figures on pottery and shapes. The ordinary patterns were comprised of dots, animals, zigzags and spirals. Those who made the pottery pieces included Longshan, Xia Dynasty, Majiavao, Yangshao, Shang and Han Dynasties among other civilizations. Painted pottery is believed to have been used for the first time in ceremonies such as burials of prominent people. The pottery of Chinese people continued evolving and included human beings and animals in addition to the pots and vessels. Chinese painting was not left behind and during the reign of the Han Dynasty, paintings of beautiful figurines were produced. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Available evidence indicates that early Chinese paintings were done on vessels made out of Bronze as the Bronze Age flourished, although this did not continue for long. Chinese painting started to evolve remarkably when the Xuanzhi or Shuen paper was invented. Traditionally, the paper was created from rice or Elm and the Tang Dynasty is credited for its invention. As the evolution of Chinese painting continued, artists adopted various subjects in their painting. Human figure within flowers, birds, nature and paintings of calligraphy became more common. Chinese calligraphy is to date regarded as one of the most remarkable Chinese art. Research in the modern era has revealed a lot about the origin and nature of early Chinese paintings. Because of the rich history of the country, research and in depth studies on early Chinese paintings remain issues of focus in the future. The Heian Period is often known as the golden age in Japan’s history. It was in existence from the 9th until the 12th century and came before the medieval age of samurai and shoguns. The period was marked by stability, relative peace and the presence of central government at Heian-kyo. There was also the court aristocracy and an emperor. It forms the history of The Hollow Reed novel of the 12th century and Akitada mystery series of 11th century. Heian Japan was comprised of provinces administered by governors who were appointed by the Heian-kyo based imperial government. During the time of Akitada, Heian Japan was comprised of two classes, the commoners and nobles but an under class of outcastes and slaves also existed. Those above Akitada were powerful nobles while those below him were soldiers, artisans, merchants and peasants. Artisans and merchants spend their time in the cities and at times they prospered when they engaged in valued skills. The slaves and outcastes included the entertainers, workers in noble trades and laborers. Apart from the lay population, there was the clergy which had its ranks but was not defined according to classes. The Buddhist clergy which was derived from all classes was expected to remain celibate. The Buddhist clergy that was given the highest ranks came from the ruling class. As the Heian age approached its end, huge monasteries increasingly embraced war and conducted attacks against rival groups in addition to favoring particular groups involved in secular politics. We will write a custom Term Paper on Buddhism’s Things and Ideas specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The culture of Japan is believed to have started developing 5000 BCE when the early settlers started establishing fishing villages. They were referred to as the Jomon culture and their distinguishing feature was their unique pottery. Jomon culture was overtaken by Yayoi culture at around 300 BCE after they introduced agriculture in the mainland of Japan. The Yayoi were more advanced than the Jomon as they had good mastery of metalwork and cultivated rice paddies. They also had organized clans under the leadership of tiny groups of warriors. The warriors were responsible for taking care of the members of the clans. The Yamato clan took over the leadership of most parts of Japan in the 6th century. A Yamato prince known as Shotoku took over power around 600 BCE and started working towards the creation of a strong centralized government similar to the one that existed in China. They adopted Buddhism and other ideas from Chinese government in order to learn from it. A remarkable change took place in 600 CE when the land was subdivided into provinces controlled by officials who were answerable to the emperor. The idea of a central government had succeeded in China and was also successful in Medieval Japan. A new city known as Nara was set up in the eighth century and it functioned as a small capital city. The setting up of Heian as the new capital city in 794 CE gave nobles a lot of influence and power while that of the emperors started disappearing. The nobles constituted small armies known as samurai in order to protect the land. By the 12th century, war broke out as wealthy families fought each other for power. The culture of the Japanese during the medieval age was marked by increased practice of Buddhism all over the country, development of art and architecture and growing drama and literature.