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CSIA 413 UMGC Security Control Classes and Security Control Families Discussion

CSIA 413 UMGC Security Control Classes and Security Control Families Discussion.

I’m working on a computer science Discussion and need a sample draft to help me study.

A recent risk assessment highlighted the need for Red Clay to formalize the security measures required to protect information, information systems, and the information infrastructures for the company’s headquarters and field offices. The CISO has proposed a plan of action which includes developing system security plans using guidance from NIST SP-800-18 Guide for Developing Security Plans for Federal Information Systems.The CISO asked you to prepare a two page, draft briefing paper (5-7 paragraphs) for the IT Governance Board and Red Clay Renovations Board of Directors that introduces Security Control Classes and Security Control Families related to Red Clay risks. This audience is familiar with financial controls but has not yet been introduced to the use of controls in the context of IT security. You should leverage their knowledge in your explanations of the control classes and families. If necessary, research “financial controls” as well as IT security controls before writing this briefing paper.Your draft briefing paper should include the following items:An introduction telling the IT Governance Board and the Red Clay Board of Directors the purpose of the draft briefing paper.A description of each control class (managerial, operation, and technical). THEN, write a descriptive paragraph explaining how three these specific control classes will work together to protect the Red Clay Renovations IT Infrastructure for the Wilmington, DE Offices (Headquarters).From the below table, choose one family control from each of the management, operational, and technical control classes.Write a description of each family control, THEN write a descriptive paragraph explaining how each family control will work to protect Red Clay’s IT infrastructure.Select two sub-family controls (i.e., AC1 and AC6) from each family control. THEN, write a descriptive example of how this sub-family-control will protect the Red Clay infrastructure. Your examples should relate to the Red Clay case study.Family ControlFamily ControlFamily ControlControl Class – ManagementPlanningRisk AssessmentProgram ManagementControl Class – Technical ControlAccess ControlsIdentification & AuthenticationSystem & Communication ProtectionsControl Class – Operational ControlAwareness & TrainingContingency PlanningIncident ResponseProvide in-text citations and references for 3 or more authoritative sources. Put the reference list at the end of your posting.
CSIA 413 UMGC Security Control Classes and Security Control Families Discussion

Judicial precedent: Where past decisions of judges are followed in future cases when the facts of the cases are similar. Once a judge decides a legal principle, it is required that is used in future legal cases with similar issues or facts. This is also known as case law or common law which has developed by broadening down from precedent to precedent. Therefore the legal definition of Judicial precedent can be stated as a courts judgment quoted as an authority for deciding a similar set of facts; a case which serves as authority for the legal principle established in its judgement. It refers to the way in which the law is made and amended through the decisions of judges. Thus, judicial precedent is based on the judges judgement, hierarchy of courts and a good system of law reporting judges. The judicial precedent’s doctrine is based on the stare decisis principle – to stand upon decisions and by which precedents are authoritative and binding and must be followed. In practice, this means that lower courts are bound to apply the legal principles set down by superior courts in earlier cases. This provides balance and certainty in the law. A precedent is always based upon the two factors – the ratio decidendi which means a reason for the decision and obiter dictum which means something said by the way and also the decisions made in the previous relevant cases. The ratio decidendi of a case is the important part of establishing precedents that binds inferior courts in the hierarchy. When a judge makes his judgement in a case, he outlines the facts which he finds have been proved on the evidence. Then he applies the law to those facts and reaches at a decision, for which he gives the reason (ratio decidendi). Whereas obiter dictum is a decision given by a judge that has only incidental bearing on the case in question and is therefore not binding in later cases. The decision of the judge may vary according to the facts of the case and is not strictly relevant to the matter in the issue in the original case. The ratio decidendi is the binding part of a judicial decision whereas an obiter dictum isn’t. Though, an obiter dictum may be of persuasive (as opposed to binding) authority in later cases. Even if any difficulty arises, the judge will give reasons for his decision, however he will not always tell what the ratio decidendi of case is, and it is then up to a later judge to figure out (elicit) the ratio of the case. However, there may be disagreement over what the ratio is and there may be more than one ratio. Thus, it is not always easy to distinguish ratio decidendi from obiter dictum when evaluating the effects of a particular decision however; when judicial precedent is used, the judge follows or takes the reference of a decision made in a similar past cases that has already been judged upon and he is ruling the same way using the other case as a guideline. Whereas whilst setting judicial precedent the judge renders a decision in a case of a type that had never been tried, or ruled upon in the past, which is completely new, and that his verdict would set the ‘precedent’ by which all future cases might be judged. Judges, by the way, are not always required to follow precedent in making rulings. Therefore law reporting, hierarchy of courts and a method of distinguishing between obiter dicta

BIO 30 Irvine Valley College Laguna Coast Wilderness Park Descriptive Essay

BIO 30 Irvine Valley College Laguna Coast Wilderness Park Descriptive Essay.

you are to research and report on the following:Location: You must include a map showing where your park isMain attractions: What is this park most famous for; what are its most valued resources?History: When and why was the park established?Landscape/topographic features: Describe the topography or landforms, natural setting; of the park.Climate: Provide major climate setting, seasons, accessibility of parkGeology: What is the basic geology in your park?Dominant rock types and ageTectonic setting. Describe the geologic conditions produced these rocks. For example, Mt. Rainier is the result of Juan de Fuca plate subducting under the North American plate.Ecology: What is the basic ecology in your park? This should include:The biome the park is withinMajor plant communities: names and brief descriptionWildlife: Names and brief descriptions of some common animals, unique animals, or any threatened/endangered animals found within the parkEverything Else: Each of these parks has several unique features of interest. These could include, historic events, famous viewpoints, popular visitor activities, etc. You may also incorporate your personal relationship to the park – have you ever been there? do you hope to visit one day? why is the park of personal interest to you?Point value: This project is worth a total of 40 points. The paper, due Dec 14, is worth 30 points. You will also be asked to share a summary of your work on a discussion thread. This part will be worth 10 points and is due December 9 (details to follow). Where to start your research:National Park Service: http://www.nps.gov/ (Links to an external site.)(Links to an external site.)Go to “Parks and Recreation”, then Navigate to your assigned park, using “geographic search” and the map for California (That way, you know where it is). You can also find it alphabetically. Also be sure to visit the “Nature and Science”, “Interpretation and Education” and “History and Culture” links from the main nps page because they contain useful information for each park (Geology, Water, etc).California State Park: http://www.parks.ca.gov/ (Links to an external site.)(Links to an external site.)Go to “Find a Park” or you can find it through a general search.Orange County Parks: http://www.ocparks.com/ (Links to an external site.)(Links to an external site.)Go to “Parks and Trails” or use the general searchOther Resources:Sites linked to the page for your parkNational Geographic (try web or library for this)Library nature and travel guidesGoogle – only if you need itYour textbook – for some parksWritten essay:Written essays are due December 14th. Submissions are via Turninit on Canvas; no paper copies are needed!Organize your findings in a short paper – NOT an outline – using the sections in the assignment above.The paper should be 3-5 typed, double-spaced pages, 12-point font, not including illustrations.All information from sources should be properly cited using the provided guidelines.Writing Resources: http://academics.ivc.edu/writingcenter/pages/resources.aspxLinks to an external site.College-Level WritingThe research paper for this course (as for any course) should NOT contain:conversational passages such as “Have you ever wondered why xyz?”casual references to “you” (the second person), as in “When you look at xyz…”slang or other overly informal expressions;filler words that can be omitted without loss of meaning; for example: “There are several factors that affect xyz” should be “Several factors affect xyz.”Direct QuotesAvoid direct quotes wherever possible, which should be in almost all cases. Direct quotes show no thought, analysis, or other higher-level skills on your part, and do nothing to convey your understanding of the content. The more direct quotes one uses, the lower grade you will earn.FormattingDouble-space the entire manuscript, and leave 1-inch margins on all sides of the page.Use a 12-pt font, preferably Times New Roman (NOT Courier).Single-space your name, the date, and “Bio 30” in a header at the top of page 1. Follow this header with the title of your paper. Do not use a separate title page.
BIO 30 Irvine Valley College Laguna Coast Wilderness Park Descriptive Essay

Engineering homework help

assignment writing services Engineering homework help. For this assignment, you must submit an Annotated Bibliography in current APA format. The bibliography must contain at least 6 scholarly sources from the Jerry Falwell Librarythat are pertinent to the topics being studied.,For this assignment, you must submit an Annotated Bibliography,For this assignment, you must submit an Annotated Bibliography in current APA format. The bibliography must contain at least 6 scholarly sources from the Jerry Falwell Librarythat are pertinent to the topics being studied. Publish all sources within the past 5 years. For this annotated bibliography assignment you must not include any textbook for this course. However, the course textbooks must be include d in your Final Paper due in Module/Week 7.,The 6 scholarly sources that you choose must be 6 articles that will help to support your customized learning theory of human learning and development. In choosing your sources, consider how you believe students learn best. What makes an effective teacher and what makes an ,effective learning environment?, What are your perspectives regarding direct instruction, technology, motivation, classroom management, and inclusion of students with diverse needs and exceptionalities? Consider these topics as you choose your 6 articles so that you will have rich sources to support your Final Paper due in Module/Week 7., ,More details;,First, provide a correctly-formatted title page in current APA format with a running head and page numbers. Next, list each reference in current APA format. Then, beneath each reference, summarize the article in your own words. Each source citation is follow ed by an annotation of at least 150 words that clearly conveys the sources’ relevance, accuracy, and quality. You must demonstrate critical thinking skills regarding interpretation and application of material. Do not copy and paste the article’s abstract, since that is plagiarism. All lines of each reference must be indent ed to the right with the exception of the first line. The references must be alphabetized and each line must be double-spaced. Each summary must be 1–2 well-develop ed paragraphs.,Note: The annotations must be removed from the reference page before it is submitted with the Final Paper due in Module/Week 7.,Finally, submit this assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 5.Engineering homework help

CRIM 405 AICU The WVS Wave 6 the United States 2011 Discussion

CRIM 405 AICU The WVS Wave 6 the United States 2011 Discussion.

I’m working on a research & summaries multi-part question and need support to help me learn.

In your own words, answer this unit’s discussion questions in a main post (300 words), and respond to at least 2 peers’ postings on 2 different days (75 words each).After you have reviewed the Assignment Details below, click the Discussion Board link under the My Work heading above to open the Discussion Board and make your post.Review the tutorial How to Post to the Discussion Board.Assignment DetailsSurvey research is still one of the most common ways to collect data in the public safety system. In this discussion, you will explore the World Values Survey (WVS). Specifically, you will discuss the range of questions asked on the WVS, explore how and why questions are worded in specific ways, and find questions that have value in public safety. The specific steps are as follows:Review the 2010–2012 WVS. Read this overview of best practices in survey design. Find at least 5 questions from the survey that you believe display best practices, and share those with the class. Explain why these questions reflect best practices. Find at least 3 questions from the survey that you believe have value in public safety. Explain why you believe these questions have value. Engage in a discussion with your classmates concerning your agreement with their selected questions. ReferencesLSU GROK. (2020, October 28). Survey design and administration best practices. https://grok.lsu.edu/article.aspx?articleid=17958World Values Survey (WVS). (2012, June). WVS 2010-2012 wave, revised master, June 2012: 2010-2012 World values survey. http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/WVSDocumentationWV6.jsp
CRIM 405 AICU The WVS Wave 6 the United States 2011 Discussion

Maintenance of Homeostatis and Treatments for Imbalance

Scenario 1 A patient is admitted to the ward with dehydration as shown by their low urinary output dry mouth and dry skin which has poor elasticity. Describe how homeostasis is normally maintained, regarding fluid balance, within the body and how giving oral fluid to this patient can correct this imbalance. According to Watson’s anatomy and physiology for nurses, the notion of homeostasis is fundamental in determining good health and physiology (Watson, 2018). The word ‘homeostasis’ stems from a Greek expression meaning ‘staying the same’. Throughout this assignment, I will be describing how nurses can maintain homeostasis with close regards to fluid balance. I will explain in detail my knowledge and understanding of the normal functioning of the urinary system, which will also include relevant issues and concepts around it. From there I will identify the relevant homeostatic mechanism’s and its associated anatomical and physiological components. The urinary system is a group of organs within the body that’s key functions are filtering out substances and other excess fluid from the bloodstream (Marieb, 2009). The system consists of; two bean-shaped organs called the kidneys, which are located in the superior dorsal abdominal cavity, two tubes called ‘ureters’ that help carry the urine from each one of the kidneys to the urinary bladder located in the inferior ventral pelvic cavity and finally the urethra, a tube that runs from the bladder to the outside of the body, ranging in length depending on gender. For males, it can be as long as 20cm and for females, it can range from approximately 4.8cm to 5.1cm (Kohler et al, 2008). The main purpose of the urinary system is to control the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance and remove waste products in the form of urine. There are three major regions of the kidney; the renal cortex, the renal medulla and renal pelvis (Watson, 2018). The renal cortex is made from the space between the outer capsule and the medulla. It is a rough tissue, and this is due to the presence of nephrons deeper within the renal pyramids of the medulla, that help the kidneys perform their main function. The cortex provides space for arterioles and venules from the renal artery and veins, as well as space for glomerular capillaries to help perfuse the nephrons of the kidney (Watson, 2018). The renal medulla contains a large number of nephrons and is the main functional component of the kidney that helps filter water, electrolytes and waste from the blood (Watson, 2018) It is located within the inner region of the ‘parenchyma’, the functional tissue of the organ. The medulla is made of up multiple pyramidal tissue masses, called the renal pyramids, which are triangular structures that contain a dense network of nephrons (Lumen, 2014). The renal pelvis connects the kidneys with the nervous and circulatory systems from other parts of the body. It contains the hilum, a concave part of the kidney that allows blood vessels and nerves to exit and enter the body. It is also a point of exit for the ureters that help empty the waste fluid into the bladder (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). The kidneys are supplied with blood through arteries that branch off from the abdominal aorta. The supply of blood from the arteries can vary from person to person, which results in some people having one or more arterial supplies to each kidney (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). The renal blood supply starts with renal arteries branching off from the abdominal aorta, each renal artery having their own name based on what region it enters the kidney (Watson, 2018). The renal arteries can carry up to a third of the total cardiac output, for the blood to be filtered by the kidneys. Which all ends by the blood exiting through the renal veins to enter the inferior vena cava (Gross Anatomy of the Kidney, 2018). When the blood enters the kidneys through the renal artery they split up into several different segmental arteries, which then splits into several different arterioles that branch into the glomerular capillaries. These glomerular capillaries enable fluid to transfer to the nephrons within the Bowman’s capsule and help take blood away from the glomerulus into the interlobular capillaries to provide oxygen to the functional tissue of the kidney (Watson, 2018). The renal veins drain blood from the venules that come from the interlobular capillaries and connects them to the inferior vena cava (Watson, 2018). Within the kidneys, the nephron is a functional component that helps regulate soluble and water substances in the blood through filtering, reabsorbing what it needs and excreting the rest as urine. The nephron is essential for maintaining homeostasis of blood volume, blood pressure and plasma osmolarity (Muthayya, 2010). The glomerulus is a network of capillaries that receives its blood supply from a particular arteriole within the renal circulation system (Muthayya, 2010). It is here that solutes and fluids are filtered out of the blood and transferred into the interstitial space between the glomerulus and the surrounding membrane of the Bowman’s capsule (Muthayya, 2010). The glomerulus is surrounded by the Bowman’s capsule. It is made up of visceral and parietal layers. Below the thickened glomerular basement membrane, the visceral layer lies (Jones, 2015). It only allows small molecules and fluid, like glucose and ions, to pass through to get into the nephron. Under normal circumstances, red blood cells and large proteins would not be able to pass through the glomerulus. However, in particular conditions, they may be able to pass through and cause blood and proteins to enter into the urine (Jones, 2015). The renal corpuscle is made up of two parts, the glomerulus and the Bowman’s capsule. It’s from here where glomerular filtrate leaves the renal corpuscle and enter the renal tubule to undergo filtration, reabsorption and secretion. The renal tubule is made up of three parts, The Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT), the Loop of Henle and the Distal Convoluted Tubule and Collecting Duct. Firstly, the proximal tubule is the first location of reabsorption, it is here where water reabsorbs back into the bloodstream and where a large amount of salt and water reabsorption takes place too. The water reabsorption takes place due to passive diffusion and active transport along the basolateral membrane (Grey, 2012). Water and glucose also follow sodium through the basolateral membrane by an osmotic gradient, which is a process called co-transport. Within the proximal convoluted tubule around 2/3rds of water and 100% of the glucose in the nephron is reabsorbed by co-transport (Grey, 2012). Secondly, the loop of Henle is a U-shaped tube that consists of an ascending limb and a descending limb. (Grey, 2012) It allows fluid to transfer from the proximal to the distal tubule. The ascending limb of Henle’s loop is impermeable to water, but it can be highly permeable to ions, this causes a large drop in the osmolarity of fluid passing through the loop, going from 1200 mOSm/L to 100 mOSm/L. On the other hand, the descending limb is highly permeable to water and completely impermeable to ions, which causes a large amount of water to be reabsorbed, increasing the osmolarity to around 1200 mOSm/L (Grey, 2012). Finally, the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct is the final location of reabsorption within the nephron. Dissimilar to the other components of the nephron, the distal tubule is permeable to water and can vary depending on the hormone stimulus that enables the complex regulation of blood osmolarity, pressure, volume and pH (Grey, 2012). Usually, the distal convoluted tubule is permeable to ions and impermeable to water, which the osmolarity of fluid even lower. However, the anti-diuretic hormone, which is produced and released from the pituitary gland as a part of homeostasis, will work on the distal convoluted tubule to help increase its permeability of the tubule to increase its reabsorption of water (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). This reabsorption will result in an increase in blood pressure and volume. Other hormones will also be introduced to help stimulate other important changes within the distal convoluted tubule that work with other homeostatic functions of the kidney (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). The collecting duct is quite similar to the function of the distal convoluted tubule and usually responds in the same way to hormones (William et al, 2014). On the other hand, however, it is different in terms of its histology. As the osmolarity of fluid through the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct is highly changeable depending on the hormone stimulus (William et al, 2014). After passing through the collecting duct, the fluid is transferred into the ureter, where it leaves the kidney as urine. The urinary system works in sync with a number of different systems within the body to help maintain homeostasis. The kidneys are one of the main organs in the urinary system and the body that helps maintain the water/salt balance of the blood and acid-base balance (William et al, 2014). Water makes up the greater part of all bodily cells and bodily fluids, with around 60% of humans body weight consisting of water (Louden, 2015). This is advised to be maintained, in order to keep a homeostatic environment within the body. Within the makeup of this water, 70% of it is intracellular, meaning it is inside the body cells and the other 30% is extracellular, located in the body fluids; 10-15% forms the in the blood and the remaining 15-20% is in the interstitial spaces within the tissues (Louden, 2015), which bathes all the bodily cells. Each of these three forms of fluid is each separated by the cell walls, a thin semipermeable membrane and the capillary walls, which allows water to constantly pass through from one of these areas to another (Louden, 2015). Water within our bodies is not static. Freshwater will be taken in by the body every day and passed out by a number of different ways. The total water taken in and passed out must balance one another in order to maintain equilibrium within the body (Louden, 2015). On average a healthy person will intake around 1.5 L water and other fluids every day, as well as over 1 L of food. This is balanced by the body passing out around 400-500 mL of water vapour through the lungs, 500-600 mL by the skin through sweat, 1000-1500 mL as urine and a small amount of 100-150 mL passed out by faeces (Louden, 2015). When fluid volume decreases within our body, the concentration of sodium in the blood will increase, due to increased osmolarity, which will eventually stimulate the hypothalamus (Tortora and Grabowski, 2002). The hypothalamus is an osmoreceptor, which is a sensory end organ that reacts to the changes in osmotic pressure, which in turn has an effect of the pituitary gland (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). The pituitary gland reacts by producing an antidiuretic hormone called ‘Vasopressin’ also known as ADH, into the bloodstream, causing the kidneys to start retaining water. This will result in the urine becoming more concentrated and an increase in water being returned to the extracellular fluid (ECF), therefore correcting the volume depletion (Tortora and Grabowski, 2002) Electrolyte balance is also essential in maintaining fluid balance. It is the correct concentration of different ions within the body, usually magnesium, sodium and potassium (Butterworth et al, 2013). If there is too little or too much of these electrolytes this can cause a number of different problems, such as cardiac arrhythmias. The normal magnesium level should be around 0.6-1.0mg/dl; the normal serum sodium level should be around 135-145mg/dl and the normal potassium level should be around 3.5-4.5mg/dl within a patient (Butterworth et al, 2013). In our case the patient will need either oral rehydration or electrolyte and fluid replacement therapy, which will involve adult nurses being responsible for delivering and monitoring certain Intravenous (IV) fluids such as saline 0.9% solution or Hartmann’s solution. These would be the main recommended fluids as they remain in the ECF for longer and they match blood tonicity, which is the measurement of effective osmotic pressure gradient (Docherty and McIntyre, 2012). Issues like pulmonary oedema and hypotension can be created when using other colloid solutions as they move more easily into the intracellular fluid, making them less effective. Other issues that nurses should consider while they look after patient with fluid balance problems would include: the accurate monitoring and measurement of IV fluids over a 24-hour period, which also requires them to include correct documentation and prescription of fluids and what type of fluids they are being given (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). They have to look after the correct measurement of oral input and urine output; also, being aware of the patient’s electrolyte levels and the correct administration of elements that they are prescribed with (Mitchell and Stephenson, 2019). To conclude, this essay has demonstrated knowledge and understanding of the specific chosen scenario of the renal system, in specific relation to ‘fluid balance’. It has started off by describing how the chosen system functions and what issues and concepts that can come from it. The relevant homeostatic mechanism has been outlined, linking in with what relevant observations and treatment that can be done to aid in keeping the body in equilibrium. I feel that homeostasis is of the utmost importance when it comes to the human body. Without it the body would simply not be able to function and would become more vulnerable to certain conditions and diseases. Bibliography Butterworth, J, Mackey, D, Wasnick, J, Morgan, G, Mikhail, M,