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Critical Issues In Community Care Social Work Essay

Critical Issues In Community Care Social Work Essay. The purpose of this essay is to Critically examine an area of Community Care provision in mental health services. ideological, political and legislative frameworks will be taken into account, it will also examine the complex relationships between service user movements, professional bodies and the statutory, voluntary and independent sector services in the delivery of community care it will also identify and justify evidence of good practice in the provision of community care The system of community care was aimed to maintain the stability of the social order and to address the disparities and inconsistencies within the existing community care discourse. Mental health services became a part of the community care system early in the 17th century. With time, mental health in community care became an effective element of regulating the state of mental health across different population groups. Today, mental health community care is a two-tier system of community services, comprising health care and mental care provided to vulnerable populations in need for treating and monitoring various types of mental health conditions. The history of community care in the UK dates back to the beginning of the 17th century, when the Poor Law was adopted to make every parish responsible for supporting those who could not look after themselves (Mind 2010). Yet, it was not before the beginning of the 19th century (or 1808, to be more exact) that the County Asylums Act permitted county justices to build asylums supported by the local authorities to” replace psychiatric annexes to voluntary general hospitals” (Mind 2010). In 1879, the UK established the Mental Aftercare Association which worked on a comparatively small scale and focused on personal and residential care of the limited amount of mental ex-patients (Yip 2007). The association was further supplemented with three more voluntary associations that worked on a national scale and provided community care to mental outpatients (Yip 2007). Those organisations included the Central Association for Mental Welfare, the Child Guidance Council, and the National Council for Mental Hygiene (Yip 2007). Later in 1939 the Feversham Committee proposed amalgamation of all four voluntary organizations into “a single system of mental health community care” (Yip 2007). In 1890, the first general hospital clinic for psychiatric patients Was created at St. Thomas Hospital, while the World War I became the turning point in the improvement of health care facilities in the UK, giving rise to an unprecedented number of asylums and hospital facilities for mentally ill people (Yip 2007). It should be noted, that the first stages of mental health community care development was marked with the growing public commitment toward institutionalized care: throughout the 18th and the 19th centuries, cure and containment of mental illnesses in the U.K. and in Europe was provided in accordance with the principles of institutionalized care (Wright et al. 2008). The mental health care went in line in the development and proliferation of other institutional solutions, including houses of correction, schools, and prisons (Wight et al. 2008). “The asylums’ rationale, first and foremost, lay in the belief that separation was in the interests of dangerous lunatics, giving them security and maximizing the prospects for cure” (Wright et al 2008). Yet, those who ever appeared within such asylums had only one chance out of three to come out; the majority of mental health patients, regardless of the diagnosis, were destined to stay behind the asylum walls for the rest of their lives (Yip 2007). Medical professionals considered asylums as an effective means to isolate potentially dangerous patients from the rest of the community: asylums and isolation often served an effective way of investigating the reasons and consequences of mental health disturbances (Wright et al 2008). Many doctors viewed asylums and isolation as the sources of effective moral treatment for mentally ill (Wright et al 2008). Only by the beginning of the 19th century did professionals in medicine and social care come to recognize insanity as a mental illness and not as a product of sinful human nature; yet, years would pass before asylum residents would be given a slight hope to release themselves from the burden of isolation and torture (Wright et al. 2008). With the development of psychoanalysis in the 19th century, mental health became one of the issues of the national concern – supported by the active development of psychopharmacology in the 20th century mental illness was finally explained in somatic terms (Wright et al. 2008). Psychopharmacology promised a relatively safe method of treating and alleviating mental health suffering, while the identity of psychiatry within the medical profession was finally restored (Wright et al 2008). Nevertheless, for many years and centuries, mental health community care remained a by-product of industrialized society development, which, under the pressure of the growing urban populations, sought effective means to maintain the stability of the social order. Because in conditions of the newly emerging economies lunatics and individuals with mental health disturbances were less able to conform to the labor market discipline and more apt to create disorder and disturbance in society, asylums were an effective response to the growing urban mass and the basic for maintain peace and stability in the new industrialized community (Goodwin 2007). The need for maintaining social order was an essential component of the community care ideology, with institutionalization and local provision support as the two basic elements of mental health care provision. Today, the provision of mental health community care services is associated with several issues and inconsistencies; many of the community care complexities that emerged early in the 19th century have not been resolved until today. Nevertheless, it would fair to say that under the influence of the social and scientific development, the provision of mental health community services has undergone a profound shift and currently represents a complex combination of health care and social care aimed to treat and support individuals with diagnosed mental health disturbances. In present day community care environments, mental health care provision exemplifies a complex combination of health care and social care. The former is the responsibility of the NHS, while the latter is arranged by local authority social services (Mind 2010). It should be noted, that the division of duties between medical establishments, local authorities, and social care professionals has always been one of the basic complexities in the development of mental health care in the U.K. (Wright et al. 2008). In 1954, the House of Commons was the first to emphasis inadequate resorting of mental health community services and to vote for the development of a community-based rather than a closed system of mental health institutions (Wright et al. 2008). Community services proposed by the House of Commons had to be available to everyone who could potentially benefit from them (Wright et al. 2008). As a result, deinstitutionalization became and remains one of the central policy debates within the mental health service provision discourse. “Central to the argument for deinstitutionalization and the development of community-based services is the contention that the prognosis of patients is likely to improve as a result of discharge from mental hospitals, and that people with mental health problems already in community will benefit from remaining there rather than being institutionalized” (Goodwin 2007). Social care providers in England claim that deinstitutionalization represents a new style of service provision and approach to mental illness which is better and more acceptable than traditional remote mental hospitals (Goodwin 2007). Since the beginning of the 1970s, mental health community care was associated with the treatment of mentally ill patients outside the asylums but, unfortunately, deinstitutionalization did not always lead to the anticipated results and is still one of the major policy debates. The ideology of deinstitutionalization in mental health community care failed and did not improve the provision of mental health services for several reasons. First, deinstitutionalization does not provide mental health patients with an opportunity to reintegrate with their community: being discharged from asylums, many mentally ill patients were transferred to general medical establishments and other facilities, including residential homes – as a result, instead of community living, deinstitutionalization for these patients turned out to be a complex form of deinstitutionalization, while adequate funding of community services was constantly lacking (Wright et al. 2008). For this reason, the practical side of the deinstitutionalization policy proved to be less advantageous for the prevailing majority of asylums residents than it was claimed to be (Goodwin 2007). Second, the ideology of deinstitutionalization does not improve health outcomes for patients with mental problems. The current state of research suggests that the process of transferring mental health patients from one hospital to another results in negative health consequences and adverse mental health reactions, including significant deterioration of behaviors and greater problems with social activity (Goodwin 2007). The more complex are the issues with transferring mentally ill patients from and into prisons – according to Fawcett and Karban (2007) the process, later called transinstitutionalisation, results in prison overcrowding and the loss of effective psychiatric care for those who are imprisoned. Today, deinstitutionalization as the ideological underpinning of mental health delivery does not work for patients but works against them. It does not improve the state of care provision and reflects in additional costs and adverse health outcomes. Nevertheless, the prevention of unwanted institutionalization is acknowledged as one of the basic principles of care provision (Gladman et al. 2007) and must become one of the basic elements of policy development and provision in community mental health. The third problem is the lack of outpatient monitoring: the ideology of deinstitutionalization in mental health delivery will not be effective and productive, unless policymakers and social workers have a possibility to monitor the destination of the discharged patients and their live in communities. Throughout the period between 1954 and 1994, the number of mental health hospital beds in the U.K. was reduced from 152000 to 43000 which, according to Wright et al. (2008) did not result in a reduction in the number of people treated. Not with standing that since 1997 the Government is the one solely responsible for the development and implementation of programmes of supervision and control regarding mentally ill patients, the quality of their discharge and monitoring leaves much room for improvement (Lehman 2007). The discharge process itself and the destination of the discharged patients represent the two most problematic areas of community care provision: the discharge process is often poorly planned, while a very little effort is put into monitoring their quality of life beyond asylums (Goodwin 2007). Discharged patients are believed to live and operate in the community, with their families and friends, but the real outcomes of the discharge into community is highly variable (RitchieCritical Issues In Community Care Social Work Essay
Should politics play a role in police administration decision making? This question has evolved over the years. Both concepts are interrelated but separate entities and yet they overlap in purpose. The term politics can mean a range of things depending on perspective and the situation. In terms of police politics the meaning of politics depends on the particular law enforcement organization or the size of the administration. In general, the term politics refers to the processes involved in governing a country or organization. Police administration “administration activities that control, direct, and coordinate police personnel, resources and activities in the service of crime prevention, apprehension of criminals, the recovery of stolen property and the performance of a variety of regulatory and helping services” (Schmalleger 97). Police administration is the delicate management and ethical leadership of a law enforcement organization. Administration involves selection and hire of officers and support staff, policy’s, relationships with the community, stress and health management, working with fellow agencies, and dealing with the political aspects of each. Politics and policing have evolved over the past century and a half from four main era’s in American Policing. The Political Era, reform Era, Community Era, and the New Era. The Political Era occurred between 1840 and 1930 and was marked by a drastic changes in social order and by law enforcement doing the bidding of politicians. The Reform Era occurred between 1930 and the 1970’s was known for traditional crime fighting and the removal of politics from law enforcement and from police being the lap dogs of the political elite. The Community Era occurred between 1970s and present day and it focused on community involvement in law enforcement. Finally the New Era overlaps with the Community Era between 2001 and present day focuses on large scale threats involving terrorism and political campaigns on mass surveillance (Schmalleger 100-101). Decision making is a main component of being an elected official or police chief and understanding the politics of the community is part of making the correct decisions. This due mainly to the how the leadership of city’s are structured. Society elects congressman, mayors and other political figures to create and put in place laws and policy’s to maintain order and make sure that public money is well spent in the process. One of the purposes of the law enforcement is to make sure those laws and policy’s are followed. Harold Lasswell defined politics as “who gets what, when and how” (Schaefer 196). Politics involves the controlling of power and with that power comes control and influence over people and organizations. Society often debates the approach of more police or less police. The deployment of more officers into high crime areas is a common political move. There are two main divisions of police politics personal politics and community politics. Personal politics deals mainly with internal influences in the law enforcement organization such as who gets promoted and why. The second is community politics which deals directly with the external control and delegation of the department. “A fundamental value of our society is that policing should be subject to and under some control of the public.” (Alpert, Dunham 96). Since the management above the Police Chief is generally the Mayor and city council both are involved in making decisions. The mayor of a city or town is elected by the community. The mayor then hires an impartial, outside firm, to interview and then hire the Chief of Police when the position is vacant. Below the Chief of Police in the chain if command is a deputy chief and various captains, in charge of patrol officers. A Police Chief’s actions are directly scrutinized by the mayor. Modern policing combines the local community and police officers into community policing. The purpose is to combine resources to combat and prevent crime and increase the level of everyday life. Many of these changes are are in response to community’s greater involvement in the political arena and the louder voicing of concerns (Carter 7). The internet has played a large part in these movements largely in part due to social media. People are able to voice a concern, spread an agenda, and even display police brutality throughout the world. A witness to a crime or abuse of power that can upload a video to Youtube for the whole world to see, brings a lot of attention to issues in the past might have been kept quiet or covered up. Most non-specific crimes occur without regard to “race, ethnicity, age, gender or lifestyle” and because crime is one political factor that everyone can agree on, many cities will spend money for crime prevention and incarceration even with tight budgets (Carter 8). If the mayor or campaigning politician of a city says that taxes need to be raised to hire more officers, or pay for equipment, its an easier sell than saying taxes need to be raised to decorate a city, or build a new stadium. In such a situation the tax raise would gain support, even if after the fact the money is used elsewhere, often the pockets of the political elite. Society is more likely to pay attention to a car accident or shooting as opposed to a rare bird flying over head. Violent crimes stand out, and that leads to more media exposure and curiosity. This also gives politicians more speaking ammunition for various political initiatives that are supposed to modify crime rates in some fashion. Politicians use community policing as another means to relate to their constituents, because by supporting various anti crime initiatives they are able to bond with the community, whether they actually are apart of the community or not. Its simply another measure to become elected and gain power. Political campaigns often use the guise of a new approach(s) on crime to gain support by promising to “provide better services to the public…increasing the quality of life” (Carter 10). This is not to say that a politicians proposal isn’t valid, but certainly if the approach doesn’t succeed, their support will drop, and all that will be achieved is a politicians appointment, and subsequent battle for reelection against someone with similar promises. The police administration can’t just make decisions that they feel are best without the taking into account the political views of the community. When or if they do they are either overridden by powers higher up, or state attorneys refuse to prosecute or simply override their decisions. Since political views and police administration are directly intertwined one will have an affect on the other. If a police administration failed to act or respond to a crime or issue under their purview, there would be a backlash from the community. Without political support, law enforcement decisions would fall flat. Decision making in police organizations is a tedious, often politically motivated and a very complicated process. The reasoning behind decisions must be sound and rational and free of bias. Whenever a decision in law enforcement administration is made, the chief or top level management has to be aware of different points of view, if the choice being made intuition or emotional feelings, what the ramifications will be, what will be accomplished. (Morreale 2) One of the most politically polarizing issues in recent years, and best examples of politics and police administration clashing, has been the New York City’s “Stop and Frisk” policy. The stop and frisk policy involves randomly detaining individuals, the majority of which are of non-Caucasian ethnic descent, on the street while police search them for contraband such as drugs and weapons. The NYC police department engages in the stop and frisk tactics without any legal motivation, such as genuine suspicion of committing a crime, but that is part of the problem (Peltz). The law allows police to engage in these tactics simply by believing someone has or will commit a crime, but that doesn’t meet probable cause standards and “88 percent of the stops resulted in neither arrests nor tickets” (Peltz). Even if the political reason behind the crime was well intended, it has been used to racial profile people that haven’t committed crimes. This is an example of policing and politics that don’t mix because the practice was encouraged and set up by the mayor and carried out by police and in this particular case both sides were wrong since its an abuse of power on both sides. Generally it is against the code of a city or town to advertise or do campaign work of any type while on duty. Take a patrol officer for example, if he was campaigning while on duty, he wouldn’t be serving or protecting. He’d be using city taxes which pay for his salary to promote or bash a particular campaign. This behavior would should a bias for or against a candidate and would look as if the city supported that officers political views. An officer is certainly allowed to campaign while off duty, on his or her own time, as long as it does not breach a code of professionalism. Even when political campaigning is carried out while off duty there can be professional repercussions for an individuals beliefs and objectives. A couple examples of political campaigns and the retaliation suffered is apparent in the following stories. In Missoula County located in Montana, a $120,000 settlement was reached in favor of sheriff’s deputies who alleged retaliation because of their plans to run for sheriff and under sheriff. Detective Sgt. T.J. McDermott and running mate Detective Jason Johnson were subjected to a “hostile” working environment simply because of their campaign objectives (Haake). In another case in Cook County, Illinois, a $2.4 million lawsuit was settled between 21 deputies. The 21 deputies brought the lawsuit against Tom Dart because they were unfairly treated and even denied promotions when “they backed his political opponent when he was running [for] sheriff in 2006” (Sun Times Media). Ideally politics shouldn’t play a roll in police administration, but more often than not they do because its simply unavoidable. You can’t really ever separate an elected or appointed official from the political machine because part of their position requires the taking of sides and support of an agenda. The sensitive nature of balancing the needs and values of a small community, city or large metropolis are always in flux. What was needed five, ten, or fifteen years ago may not work in today’s society. What’s needed in a particular area of the community or by a particular culture may be different than what is required by others. Society evolves and changes and so do the types of crimes committed within them. The political landscape and the police administration must adapt to meet the needs of the ever changing people for which they serve. Works Cited Schmalleger, Frank. Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction. 9th ed. Boston: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print. Schaefer, Richard T. Sociology Matters. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2004. Print. Reed, Wilson Edward. The Politics of Community Policing: The Case of Seattle. New York: Garland Pub., 1999. Print. Alpert, Geoffrey P., Roger G. Dunham, and Meghan S. Stroshine. Policing: Continuity and Change. Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2006. Print. Haake, Kathryn. “Missoula County Pays $120K to 2 Deputies in Discrimination Settlement.” Http://, 14 Feb. 2014. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. . “Cook County to Settle Deputies’ Suit vs. Sheriff Tom Dart for $2.4M.”89 WLS, Chicago’s Talk Leader. Sun-Times Media, LLC, 14 Feb. 2014. Web. 26 Feb. 2014. < County to settle deputies ' suit vs. Sheriff Tom Dart for $2.4M
Introduction Formula One or F1 is the highest category of single-seater auto racing authorized by the Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA). Formula One is officially referred to as FIA Formula One World Championship. A Formula Season is composed of a series of cars referred to as Grand Prix racing on special built circuits and public roads. The mission of this marketing plan is to enhance China’s image, economy and tourism through promotion of Formula One. Background Grand Prix racing was initiated in 1906 and it become popular during the 20th Century. Negotiations over a Chinese Grand Prix started in early 1990s. The first circuit known as Zhuhai International Circuit was built in the city of Zhuhai but it was rejected by FIA due to non-compliance with some FIA standards. The first Grand Prix was finally hosted at Macau Grand Prix in 2004. Even though it was hosted for the first time in 2004, Formula 1 has not yet picked up a material following from China with fans being estimated at 79.9 million people. China has the potential of becoming one of the best hosts of this game if certain measures are put in place. Most of the fans in the country are upscale male and female youths (Erjavec, et al. 2012, p. 19). Market Analysis China has a population of about 1.344 billion people and is a strong emerging economy implying that the country could be a big market for the F1 sporting activity if marketed well (Stuthbury 2011, p. 26). Despite huge investments by the government that led to the hosting of the first Grand Prix in 2004, the game has not yet picked up when compared to other hosts like Spain. The game only attracts high hosting charges but less is gained in other areas. Most of these youths come from middle class and upper class homes where owning a car comes at an early age. The fans are driven by the desire for speed in addition to status and prestige associated with the game. They also seek exemplary circuit experience, value for money and a feeling of high status. This market segment is however still not fully tapped by the organizers of the Chinese Grand Prix (Pricelist Formula 1 Chinese F1 Grand Prix 2013, 2013, p. 5). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The event organizers have so far been unable to attract enough corporate sponsors from China to be involved in the sport. Attendance in stadiums is also low despite efforts by the organizers to attract more crowds. At one instance in 2011, the cheapest ticket was being sold at a meager US $12 but the 260,000 required capacity was hard to achieve. Attendance has been declining over the years and hurting revenues in the process. This therefore means that it is not the price that was an issue. Many factors have to be considered especially the preferences of the people. Main competition arises from other established Asian countries such as Singapore, Japan and Malaysia in addition to European countries such as Spain. Unlike in China, these other countries have enough fans who enjoy the sport and also corporations in these respective countries are heavily involved. The organizers however managed to extend China’s contract to host Formula One events until 2017 despite competition from other nations (Sylt

QRB 501 UOPX Concepts and Basic Data Analysis Presentation

QRB 501 UOPX Concepts and Basic Data Analysis Presentation.

Please properly cite the work. Use the internet to find one example of each of the following graphs:Line graphBar graph (horizontal or vertical bars are acceptable)Pie graphSuppose you were presenting these graphs to a group of people (clients, co-workers, friends, etc.) who are not mathematically savvy.Create a 7- to 10-slide presentation with speaker notes that provides a non-technical explanation of each graph. Remember, you are addressing people who probably do not like or understand mathematical terms. For each graph, include the following:Screenshot of your graph.For the line graph, what are the labels on the horizontal and vertical axes? For the bar graph, what labels are on the bars? What is being measured in this graph? (Hint: look at the axis label.)For the pie graph, what is the title, in other words, what is it measuring?How would you improve each graph if at all? Is anything missing, misleading, or perhaps just wrong with this graph?What would be the appropriate measure(s) for central tendency (mean, median, mode) to display with each graph?What measure of dispersion (range, standard deviation) would be best?Provide a reference citation for the source of your graph so your facilitator can find the graph online. Note: sometimes information changes from day to day on websites, hence the reason for the required screenshot in first bullet point above.Note: If you are having difficulty finding graphs here are a few places to consider looking:Your online utility billYour fitness appA dashboard at your officeU.S. Government websites such as:The Bureau of Labor StatisticsThe Bureau of Economic AnalysisThe Consumer Financial Protection BureauA scholarly article in the University LibraryBusiness, finance, and money management websites
QRB 501 UOPX Concepts and Basic Data Analysis Presentation

LMU Creating Tables of Sorting Algorithms Selection & Insertion Sort Worksheet

essay help online free LMU Creating Tables of Sorting Algorithms Selection & Insertion Sort Worksheet.

Assignment ContentCreate a table of Sorting Algorithms for use as a personal reference or to use if you were explaining algorithms to a peer or coworker.Down the left side of the table, list the four sorting algorithm names covered in Week 1. In the first column (Description), give a brief description of the algorithm. In the next column (Benefits), list some of the benefits of using the sorting method.Note: You may also include pitfalls if you want to capture some of the downside of the method.In the next column (Uses), list some organizational uses for the method. When you are done, you should have a 1-page table and a one-half to 1-page narrative of the table (a narrative is simply a description of the table in writing) that could be used as a reference piece or for a teaching tool if you were explaining sorting algorithms to someone.
LMU Creating Tables of Sorting Algorithms Selection & Insertion Sort Worksheet

Ida B. Wells’ Role in African-American History Essay

Ida B. Wells’ Role in African-American History Essay. The Ida B. Wells video dwells upon social and economical segregation of African Americans in the United States in the late nineteenth century. The video describes horrors of lynching and tells a story about a woman who had the courage to reveal the truth to the rest of the world and to struggle against racial segregation. Wells was born in Holly Springs (Mississippi) in 1862 to a family of former slaves (Ida B. Wells Part One). Obviously, she witnessed the injustice that African Americans had to face. She started her teaching career at one of local schools. However, she was dismissed soon after she wrote about poor conditions of students. After she was fired she started writing about the life (or rather hardships) of African Americans. She visited different places in the county and revealed different cases of injustice. In 1892 she found out about the case of lynching. Three African American males who ran a business were lynched in Memphis. Wells knew those people personally. This case made her start a struggle against lynching. She wrote about numerous cases of lynching, she told the whole truth about segregation. It is important to note that she advised African Americans to pack up and leave the places where they were not wanted (Ida B. Wells Part Two). In fact, this was a very wise decision as Blacks obtained a chance to start a new life while Whites faced economical problems due to the lack of workforce. Apart from giving some pieces of advice to African Americans, Wells started a campaign against lynching. She created certain houses where young African Americans (especially women) coming to Chicago could live until they found their feet (Ida B. Wells Part Three). This kind of support was essential for many people. Of course, Wells wrote articles, she gave speeches. She even travelled to England to make her speeches. She managed to make people worldwide aware of the horrors of lynching. Due to her writings and speeches, people of England (and the rest of the world) condemned Americans involved in lynching. It is important to note that all her articles were well-grounded. Whenever she heard of some cases of injustice, she went there and checked all the details. She went to jails if necessary, just to find out the whole truth. Obviously, one of her most important writings is “The Red Record” based on a three-year research. She revealed precise figures (the number of murders) which were provided in white newspapers, so no one could accuse her of being biased. Professor Calderon also mentions that Wells played a very important role in the struggle against lynching and racial segregation. Calderon also provides a description of African Americans’ life at that period, which she called “pseudo slavery”. “Pseudo slavery” is not proper slavery as people are claimed to be equal, though in reality African Americans could not use their rights. Calderon states that even though equality was proclaimed “African Americans throughout the South were second class citizens” (4). There were many examples that “pseudo slavery” existed. For instance, many states enacted laws which deprived African Americans from the right to vote. Grandfather Clause stated that people whose grandfathers were slaves could not have the right to vote. Of course, the vast majority of African Americans were deprived of their rights to vote in this case as they were descendants from former slaves. Of course, Wells document on “Lynch Law” provided many examples that could prove that pseudo slavery existed. Of course, if all African Americans could use their rights in accordance with 14 and 15 Amendments they would change their lives for better as they could influence political life in the cities they lived in. They could choose representatives who would fight for their rights, who would struggle against segregation and lynching. Unfortunately, African Americans could not use their rights fully, so they had to struggle for many years to achieve true equality. Ida B. Wells’ Role in African-American History Essay

Social & Emotional Development Paper (4 pages)

Social & Emotional Development Paper (4 pages). I need an explanation for this Social Science question to help me study.

Social & Emotional Development
Short Paper: Topic of Your Choice

Select a Topic
1) Aggression Development
2) Media Influence on Development
3) Moral Development
4) Effects of Divorce on Development
Research Article
Find a research article regarding your topic of choice.Be sure it within the last 5 years. The article needs to be an EMPRICAL article. Empirical articles are one in which the author describes their own research, not summarizes others.These articles usually include sample, methods, findings, and discussion sections.
Papers should be typed, double spaced using 12 point font follow APA format. Papers should be at least 4 pages in length.
Write Up Instructions
Once you have selected your topic and have found your article should write up your findings.This one should be written in essay form with subheadings. Your write up should include:

An introduction with a definition and theorist for your selected topic.Why is this an important topic to study for child development? Include material from textbook and your outside article. Be sure to identify age group: Infants, Toddlers, School Age, Pre Teen and/or Adolescents(Youth).
Setting & Procedures:A description of the methodology used and general overview of the settings and procedures. What kind of research methodology was used? Example structured interviews, surveys, observations etc.Chapter 1 in the textbook provides an overview be sure to cite material from the textbook here to support your statements.
Sample/Profile:Provide age (or apparent age) and gender of subjects. Provide any other details about the sample that might influence the findings. Include information about cultural and familial background.
Results:Report the results.Be sure to cite findings/results.Use examples from the text and outside article to support your conclusions.
Summary/Conclusion:Identify a theory and its main points. Explain what you found using your theory from the book. and at least (1) empirical research article from a peer reviewed journal (published with the last five years) on your topic and relate it to what you found.Also in this section provide your insights/reflection about the information collected. What are your thoughts about what you observed, interview answers etc. This is an opportunity to interpret the article, the material from the book and how you understood it going into the project and where are you know with your understanding.Support your conclusions with points from the article and examples from your observations and interviews.
Reference List: Article and the Textbook

Additional Instructions:

Include a Title Page, Abstract & Double-space the paper with 1 inch margins.
Provide APA referencing both within the text and in a reference page at the end of the essay. Failure to reference will lead to zero points on this assignment.

Social & Emotional Development Paper (4 pages)

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