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County Fluoridation Report in Glades

County Fluoridation Report in Glades. I’m trying to learn for my Health & Medical class and I’m stuck. Can you help?

County for the research Galdes
Fluoridation Report Guidelines
Case Scenario
You are employed as a dental hygienist in private practice. A local County Commissioner is a patient at the office. She will be voting yes or no on a county referendum to implement water fluoridation. The county commissioner is in favor of water fluoridation but needs information to present to the committee. She asks you for information. You are to find and document evidence-based information on fluoridation that the commissioner can present to the committee. You will use statistics from the Florida County that is assigned to you.
You MUST have the following information in the report. The websites for the information you need are provided here.
Document the Healthy People 2020 objective for water fluoridation (objective OH-13) as stated here: “Increase the proportion of the U.S. population served by community water systems with optimally fluoridated water. Target: 79.6%” https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/oral-health/objectives (Links to an external site.)
Briefly describe the purpose of Healthy People (e.g. type of agency) and why it addresses oral health and fluoridation. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/oral-health (Links to an external site.)
Document the percent of the population in Florida served by community water systems receiving optimally fluoridated water. (2017 is the latest statistic at 77.3%). See PDF below.
Document the percent of the population served by community water systems receiving optimally fluoridated water for the county assigned to you.
Florida’s Population served by community water systems receiving optimally fluoridated water, 2017
Include recommendations or reports about fluoridation from at least one of the following agencies:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/ (Links to an external site.)
Florida Department of Health http://www.floridahealth.gov/healthy-people-and-families/community-health/dental-health/fluoridation/index.html (Links to an external site.)

Document the percent of persons in the county assigned to you that are; https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fl (Links to an external site.)

Living below the poverty level (poverty level is the threshold below which families or individuals are considered to be lacking the resources to meet the basic needs for healthy living; having insufficient income to provide the food, shelter and clothing needed to preserve health.)
Under 5 years of age
Under 18 years of age
Black/African American
Hispanic/Latino

Describe in the report why the above statistics are important. In other words discuss why ethnicity, age and poverty level are important considerations in water fluoridation.
http://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/oral_health_disparities/ (Links to an external site.)
In the conclusion section state (describe) how the information you obtained researching and writing this paper might help you in the future.
General Guidelines

The paper is to be no less than four pages and no more than six pages (NOT including the reference page).
The paper is to be typed and submitted online through Canvas as a word document.
Double-space the text of your paper.
Use Times New Roman 12 point font (this includes the running header).
Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides.
Indent the first line of paragraphs 5 spaces from the left margin. DO NOT USE MORE THAN DOUBLE SPACING BETWEEN PARAGRAPHS.
In the upper right corner of the header include the first initial of your first name (capitalized), period, space, your last name (capitalized), space, page number. Example: C. Chapman 1
Number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.) in Times New Roman font.
In the upper left-hand corner of the first page, type your name, the course, the instructor’s name, and the due date (double-spaced).
There is NO title page. The title (Fluoridation Report) is to be centered. Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters. Double space between the title and the first line of the text.
There is to be a separate reference page using APA formatting. The reference page is NOT part of the 4 page minimum.

Rubric
Fluoridation Report (1)

Fluoridation Report (1)

Criteria
Ratings
Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments Healthy People 2020 fluoridation objective.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDescribes the function of Health People 2020.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments State of Florida statistics on fluoridation.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments percent of population that receives fluoridated water for the assigned county.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIncludes recommendations about fluoridation from one or more of the assigned websites.

6.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

6.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments percent of persons living below the poverty level for the assigned county.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments percent of persons under the age of five for the assigned county.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments percent of persons under the age of 18 for the assigned county.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocuments percent of persons Black/African American and Hispanic/Latino for the assigned county.

5.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

5.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWrites a statement about the professional benefit of evaluating Florida county fluoridation.

6.0 ptsNo errors
4.0 ptsWriting is effective but not detailed.
0.0 ptsDoes not write a professional statement.

6.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeTimes New Roman 12 point font.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeMargins are all one (1) inch.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDouble-spaced.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeHeader in the upper right-hand corner.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomePages numbered and consecutively ordered.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeUpper left-hand corner of the first page contains student name, the course, instructor’s name, and the due date.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeTitle is centered on first page in Title Case (standard capitalization).

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSeparate reference page using APA formatting.

6.0 ptsNo errors
4.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

6.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeGrammar and spelling are correct.

10.0 ptsNo errors
6.0 pts1-3 errors
0.0 pts4 or more errors

10.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFour – six pages in length.

6.0 ptsNo errors
3.0 pts1 page over or under
0.0 pts2 or more pages over or under

6.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomePaper is typed.

2.0 ptsNo errors
1.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

2.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomePaper is submitted through canvas as a word document.

3.0 ptsNo errors
2.0 pts1 error
0.0 pts2 or more errors

3.0 pts

Total Points: 100.0

County Fluoridation Report in Glades

Chapter 3 dissertation.

This is a dissertation, and everything should be cited and reference. Please read my proposal and write chapter 3 procedure section which is 2-3 pages. This instruction bellow is a summary of chapter 3 procedure. Please read the power point section “Procedures” and answer every question and that section skip bullet points A. Plus see the rubric for assignment 3 (Chapter 3) Procedures Specifically, this is the “how-to” section of the chapter; a detailed description of the process of data collection based on the research questions. This begins from the final IRB approval, through the recruitment, the consent process, the data collection (describing the number of interview/ observation sessions, length and location of these sessions, and process of document collection if doing document analysis) through the member checking process checking. This section should read like a step-by-step recipe of how the study will be conducted. This section could also include a timeline of the data collection process and should be detailed enough to be replicated by another researcher. [This section should be a minimum of 2-3 pages. Please note that this section can later be copied and pasted when completing your online IRB application]
Chapter 3 dissertation

Table of Contents Technology and Communication Technology and Information/Education Technology and lifestyle Works Cited The continued use of computers in our everyday life is beginning to alter how we as humans behave. For instance, “multitasking, output and efficiency” (Ullman 2) concepts that ideally just work for machines are slowly defining “human thought and imagination” (Ullman 2). Computers have a way of actively engaging an individual or seeking their attention when they are about their businesses by either popping up messages on the desktop about “unused icons on your desktop” (Ullman 1) or aid you in writing a document with software like “Clippit” (Ullman 1). The concept of multitasking “introduced in 1960’s, was an engineering strategy for making computers more efficient” (Ullman 1) and it achieved this by switching “its attention to some other task” (Ullman 1) while waiting for the next human input when being used. It is only natural for humans to want to adapt this type of efficiency after “years of working in an environment where efficiency is a god and idleness in any component is intolerable” (Ullman 2) by keeping themselves “as busy as possible” and focusing on different things at the same time (Ullman 2). For instance, we can “drive, eat, talk on the cell phone” simultaneously in an attempt to be efficient; “the ability to multitask, to switch rapidly among many competing focuses of attention, has become a hallmark of a successful citizen of the 21st century” (Ullman 1). With its continuous advancements, modern technology will continue having an impact especially in the areas of communication, information and lifestyle. Technology and Communication Communication has never been faster or even more instant with the day to day use of both phones and computers. Phones transitioned from the basic feature phones people used to own for the sole purpose of calling and texting, to smart phones that have amazing capabilities and have adapted the concepts of computers. In his article, Mobile Telephone History, Tim Farley exhaustively discussed the development of these devices. These devices have brought unique changes (Farley 1). Firstly, mobile phones, whether the smart phones or otherwise, provide an avenue for communication among people of different geographic locations, making distance no obstacle. Software like Skype, enable voice or video calls over the internet and this links friends and families in different continents whether using phones or computers. Secondly, communication has also become instant since one is able to get immediate feedback without delays. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Email services have facilitated efficient communication between employers and employees, students and lecturers, in comparison to letter writing which as compared to previous times would take much longer. Thirdly, all these devices have reduced face to face/personal interaction since communication is hugely done using these avenues. This is definitely a negative effect in as much as communication has been enhanced by modern technology. Technology and Information/Education Modern technology has in effect enhanced our accessibility to information, whether it is about general world news or completing our research projects for school work. In terms of education: students are able to have online discussion forums, do extensive researches and currently there are even online courses which are available for those who cannot attend classes (this is a milestone since conventionally, classrooms were the only forums of learning). Thomas highlighted some negativity to this form of education. He claimed that although “online discussion forums can be effective in developing student’s knowledge…they do not allow for social construction between students” (Thomas 1). Another commendable result of modern technology is its ability to make the globe small, i.e. when it comes to television; people in various places can all be streaming live news coverage in a totally different location from the viewers. This means that information is widespread and covers a larger span in the shortest time possible. Technology has also enabled news and other events watched on television to be streamed live using computers connected to the internet. Other than education and information, in recent times there have been social networks like facebook, tweeter, among others which the young generation has particularly embraced as a form of disbursing information. Much of the rapid spread of news, information and even learning material owe it to technology for providing easy instant access to such. Technology and lifestyle Our lifestyles have been transformed by advancing technology. Life can definitely be said to have become easier in more ways than one. First change that is undeniably notable is in the house environment. People own microwaves, dishwashers, washing machines, driers, vacuum cleaners etc, all in an attempt to ease the work they need to do. Secondly, the transport industry cannot be said to have been left behind in this technology. Buses, planes trains and trams, all characterize how we are networking the different geographic locations in order that efficient mobility is achieved. We will write a custom Essay on Effects of Computer Programming/technology on Human Behavior specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Lastly, the work environment is also not spared for there are different machines and devices that have been adapted to improve productivity and enhance efficiency. Robots are also gaining popularity in such forums since they can do the extra work humans allocate them. With all this in mind, as much as our lifestyle is improving by reducing the amount of work we do, caution need to be taken that individuals do not resort to laziness with the excuse that machines will do the work for them. Works Cited Farley, Tom. Mobile Telephone History. Cems, 2005. Web. Thomas, Matthew. The Impacts of technology on communication- mapping the limits of online discussion forums. Impact of Technology, 2000. Web. Ullman, Ellen. “The Boss in the Machine.” New York Times, February 19, 2005. Web.
The purpose of this research on Autism is to inform the following audience with guided insight on Autism. A long term disorder which is usually identified in children young as one years of age to three years of age. In my research paper I will cover the following on Autism; Historical, the Cause of the illness, Treatment and Cross Cultural, Biblical World View. In the ending of this research paper I will give my overall conclusion on my research paper my thoughts on autism and how I am able to relate. According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) Classification Autism is a wide spectrum diagnose. Autistic Disorder is also known as Autism A pervasive developmental disorder marked by extreme unresponsiveness to others, poor communication skills, and highly repetitive and rigid behavior (Comer, 2011, p.448). Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD) is another diagnose that falls under the Autism spectrum disorder. PPD is a “group of disorders marked by impaired social interactions, unusual communications, and inappropriate responses to stimuli in the environment (Comer, 2011, p.447). Asperger’s Disorder is another diagnose that falls under the spectrum of Autism. Asperger’s Disorder is also known as Asperger’s Syndrome and, A pervasive developmental disorder in which individuals display profound social impairment yet maintains a relatively high level of cognitive functioning and language skills (Comer, 2011, p.449). In the following forms of Autism I will include the specific criteria that are described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-IV). According to Comer (2011) The Display of impairment in social/communication interaction, here are the following: nonverbal behaviors, such as failure to give eye to eye contact, and gestures to regulate social interaction. Not having the ability to develop peer relationships appropriately. Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interest, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following: Abnormal preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest and, Stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g., hand or finger flapping or twisting) Prior to 3 years of age, delay or abnormal functioning in social interaction, language, or symbolic or imaginative play. Table 14-5 (Comer, 2011, p.14) Historical According to Firth (2003) Autism was coined by Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist, around 1912 and originally referred to “an escape from reality”. Autism and Autistic come from the Greek word “autos” meaning self. The term originally referred to a basic disturbance in schizophrenia, referring to an extreme withdrawal of oneself from social life. (Firth, 2003) According to Wolff (2004) autism was discovered 60 years ago. Those with autism may be severely impaired and low-functioning or may be mildly affected with Asperger’s syndrome (Holaday, B., 2012, p.2). In 1994 the DSM-IV was released, clinicians input was used and as a result the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders was now a spectrum, as proposed by Wing in 1981. The five points on the autism spectrum included: Autistic disorder, Rett disorder, Childhood disintegrative, Asperger’s disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder- not otherwise specified(Tina,T.D.,Wilder,L.K.,Sudweeks,R.R.,Obiakor,F.E.,Algozzine,B.,2004 p.211-22). Clinician’s confirmed onset symptoms could be consistently demonstrated at 18months of childhood. Language criteria became more specific so that “markedly abnormal nonverbal communication” became “marked impairments in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body posture, and gestures to regulate social interaction (Grinker, 2007, p.139). Cause of Illness The cause of Autism may vary. It has been said that not allowing the body to heal after one year of being pregnant can also be the cause of an autistic child. It has also been founded that Autism is genetic and hereditary. Another finding is Iodine deficiency has been listed as a cause of Autism. A diet in iodine can result in a wide range of negative effects on the developing fetus, from mild IQ loss to severe mental retardation, i.e.crentinism (Delange, 2001, p.217-220). There has also been an association between iodine deficiency and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), another condition that has been increasing in the United States (Vermiglio, Lo Presti, Moleti, Sidoti, Tortorella, Scaffidi, 2004, p.6054-6060). Given the marginal iodine nutrition status, exposure to anti thyroid substances including environment pollutants such as perchlorate, organochlorines, and tobacco smoke, these insults result in a deficit in thyroid hormones, and when present during early pregnancy, result in hypothyroxinemia and most likely cause autism and other neurologic sequelae.(Sullivan. K.M., 2007, p.483-484) Some believe the cause of Autism can be the lack of emotions, lack of love towards the child but I believe that is false. Having a child with Autism and asking physician what is it that I’ve done wrong there is no explanation. Autism is on the rise and found mostly in African Americans and Hispanic males according to local news channel. Though there is a small percentage that Autism is found in females. In my research I believe there is a cause for this diagnoses but yet to be founded for the illness Autism. Treatment As a mother with child being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (PDD-NOS). The only effective treatment for an Autistic child would be early intervention, Speech therapy, and Occupational therapy and special education classes. Coming from a Mother with an Autistic child whom started off nonverbal to talkative and social I believe the three forms of treatment that are effective would be speech therapy, occupational therapy, and special education classes. Identifying your child’s behavior and needs what he/she is lacking or not yet succeeding i.e. language amount of words at a certain age, nonverbal, and anti-social. It is certain as the child get older especially with a certain severe Autistic diagnose he/she may become defiant and aggressive which parent/or guardian physicians believe in medicating before child displays aggressive behavior. Currently there are alternatives that have been recommended such as treatments including exclusion diets, vitamins and supplements, heavy metal chelation therapy and medication with changing improvements, indeed children losing their diagnosis, and recovering from autism.(Fitzpatrick,2009,p.379) Prevention From my personal experience and look on prevention of Autism I don’t think there is a way that you could possibly prevent Autism. Though there are ways a parent may be able to detect and seek out treatment to better the conditions such as social interactions seeking out early intervention being aware of the vaccines. According to Healing and Preventing Autism: A complete Guide, it is said “Early intervention is key to success for any child with autism spectrum disorder. Early identification pairs with tips on how to heal and prevent autism from developing further in this key acquisition for any health or parenting collection. (McCarthy, Kartzinel, 2009). Researching on prevention there isn’t much to prevent mainly aware other parents of Autism and how it can possibly be genetics knowing your spouse and your family history makes a difference in prevention. Less exposure to alcohol, and chemicals and others that may be a factor in child defect will help prevent. Conducting my research on Autism prevention I believe being aware of Autism is the best prevention yet educating yourself on Autism and other birth defects, knowing your family history and significant other family history. Cross Cultural “Evidence show that individuals with autism exhibit dearth of quality works on multicultural issues regarding autistic spectrum disorders. The general perception today is that autism occurs equitably across demographic groups”. (Wilder, Sudweeks, Obiakor, Algozzine, 2004, p.211-22) Though it’s stated “Autism knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries, family income, lifestyle, and educational level do not affect the chance of autism’s occurrence” (Autism Society of America, 2000, p.3) I found that in the local news and newspaper according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) that “Autism in African American

Respiratory System Procedures

Carol Bailey, MSN, RN Introduction | Task | Process | Evaluation | Conclusion | Credits Introduction You are a nurse working in a PCU. Your clinical unit specializes in the care of patients who are undergoing treatment for pulmonary disease. You often provide care and patient teaching for patients having tests and procedures for pulmonary conditions. Your assignment today includes providing care and education support for 2 patients. You have a student nurse observing in your unit today. As you teach, please be sure to include rationales and answer the student’s questions. The Task Patient 1: Mr. Paul Monary, a 58 year old farmer, was admitted to your unit with complaint of progressive hoarseness, difficulty in swallowing, and loss of appetite over the past 3 months. The medical plan of care involves chemotherapy and radiation therapy. He will need a tracheostomy prior to beginning therapies. Objective data: He smokes 1 pack of cigarettes per day. His weight has decreased from 200 pounds to 180 pounds over the past 3 months. The results of a CT scan and MRI reveal that this patient has throat cancer. Subjective data: The doctor said I would have a tracheostomy, but I don’t really know what that means for me. I don’t know how I am going to manage my farm if I have to have surgery. The nursing diagnosis you must address is knowledge deficit related to lack of information regarding care of a tracheostomy as evidenced by patient’s verbal response. Patient 2: Ms. Flora Vack, a 25 year old female, is a bull rider in the “Riding Stars Rodeo” that is currently performing at the Civic Center. She was thrown from a bull in last night’s performance and received repeated kicks to her left posterior chest. She was seen in the emergency room and admitted for follow up care. Her chest X-ray reveals a large pleura effusion on the left. You are assigned to prepare the patient for a thoracentesis. Outcome: You assist with the thoracentesis. 1,500 ml of pink tinged pleural fluid is removed. The patient experiences a pneumothorax following the procedure and a chest tube is inserted and connected to an atrium ocean chest tube drain. You are assigned to prepare the patient for chest tube insertion and to manage the chest tubes after the procedure. The Process To accomplish the task, you will review information from the links provided for each patient to fill in the table below. Patient 1 Links: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DoSTehS7iq8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lo74zm3ULyk Tracheostomy – regular manual approach http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6TVOSb6sqL8

Operations Management: Toyota Motor Company Evaluation Essay

essay writing service free Inter-links and synergies of the five objectives of operations management Operations management has become increasingly important over the last couple of years as a result of the changing business environment. The level of competition among organizations is becoming stiffer each day. The competition puts pressure on the organizations and the management to work tirelessly to gain and maintain a competitive edge. Any organization that is willing to succeed in the current business world cannot afford to relax in the competition (Slack, 2009). Losing a competitive edge means that the organization loses its customers and sales. One of the ways that have the capability of guaranteeing the organization a competitive edge is customer satisfaction (Slack et al. 2012). Customers are always willing to get quality products and services from organizations. Therefore, quality production can increase customer satisfaction and an organization’s competitiveness. Operations management is the department that plays a major role in production and providing quality products and services. It oversees the design and management of processes, services, as well as the supply chains that are carried out as raw materials are converted into finished products ready for use. It also oversees the movement of products from the location where they are produced to the point where they are consumed (Slack et al. 2012). The operations management acquires, develops, and utilizes resources that an organization requires to deliver the goods or the services to the customers (Mahadevan, 2010). Operations management has 5 major objectives, which include cost, quality, speed, dependability, and flexibility (Slack, 2009). Most organizations that have been successful and able to win the competition battle have combined all the five operations management objectives effectively (Slack et al. 2012). Toyota Motor Company is one of the largest companies in the automotive industry. The company has one of the best operations management departments. Toyota has been able to produce high quality vehicles and sell at low prices that are affordable to many people. In addition, Toyota is able to deliver the goods to the desired consumers at the right time. The operations management is flexible such that it can adapt to the different tastes and preferences in the business world and produce different vehicles based on the customer needs. Toyota is further independent in that it can perform at a high level without necessarily depending on other companies (Slack, 2009). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Toyota Motor Corporation vehicles are relatively cheap compared to those of other companies, such as BMW, Mercedes Benz, Audi, Land Rover, and Ford, among others. This makes the Toyota vehicles more affordable to many people. The company produces cars that are meant for different classes of people, including high income earners, middle income earners, as well as low income earners. It should be noted that most customers are able and willing to spend the least amount possible on a product. However, customers are also conscious about the quality of the products they purchase (Ahoy, 2009). Toyota has been able to address this need in that it produces goods that are of high quality. The low price by Toyota does not compromise the quality of its vehicles. The operations management of the company has been able to secure low cost production and low prices for its products because it is located in a country where there is plenty of cheap labour. Toyota is based in Japan, a country that is ranked among the highest populated nations in the world. A large percentage of the Japanese citizens have skills and knowledge that can enable them to participate in production activities. This has been an important factor to the operations managers in that they can easily reduce the production cost and the selling price of vehicles. Toyota’s operations management is already in a position of satisfying its customers in matters of quality and low cost production. However, it has adopted the Toyota Production System to further increase the level of satisfaction. This is a system that ensures vehicles are produced and delivered to their target customers in time. The company does not hold too much inventory. This further helps in reducing operations costs and prices of vehicles. The Toyota Production System it is able to produce in a speedy and timely manner to deliver the vehicles at the right place and the right time without the need to hold stock (Wild, 2003). One of the factors that help Toyota to deliver on time is its dependability. The company depends on itself for most of the production activities. Therefore, it is not easy for it to experience delays on grounds that it was inconvenienced by a third party (Slack et al. 2012). Dependability is an operations management objective that has been effective in increasing the production speed and efficiency of Toyota. The company has all the technology that it requires for its production. It also has sufficient labour and finances to fund its operations. We will write a custom Essay on Operations Management: Toyota Motor Company specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Finally, Toyota is flexible and able to address all the needs of the different customers speedily. Further, dependability facilitates flexibility in that the company has all it requires to respond to the customer needs. The business world today is changing rapidly. The needs of customers are equally changing fast and an organization should be in a position to address the changes as they come to maintain a competitive edge. The advancement in technology further facilitates the increased changes in the business world. An organization should be flexible enough to adapt to the changes (Slack et al. 2012). Toyota is able to respond to the changes in a timely manner, given its dependability, the cost advantage, and its speed of production. Recommendations Toyota is among the largest companies in the world. Its success is linked to its operations management department. Toyota has been able to reduce the production cost of vehicles, thereby reducing the price at which it sells the cars to customers. However, Toyota should ensure that it is up to date with the changes in technology to maintain and improve on its current performance. It should also have the right employees all time to realize this objective. Reference List Ahoy, CK 2009, Customer-driven operations: Aligning quality tools and business processes for customer excellence, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY. Mahadevan, B 2010, Operations management: Theory and practice, Pearson, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Slack, N 2009, Operations and process management: Principles and practice for strategic impact, Prentice Hall/Financial Times, Harlow, England. Slack, N, Brandon-Jones, A, Johnston, R,

Medicine Issues: Emphysema’ Disease Essay

The increasing dilemma of dealing with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), as an empirical research asserts, is the major challenge that the primary care physicians and their counterparts, medical specialists currently face. COPD refer to the two lung complications, that is, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. This is asserted because both diseases are characterized by obstructing the smooth flow of air through the trachea into the lungs, thus interfering with the normal breathing process, and the two diseases normally coexists. However, to narrow down into emphysema, Emphysema aptly defines it as a long-term persistent lung infection that is marked by over enlargement and shrinking of lung-like sores in the lungs muscles (par. 1). Since in such conditions the carbon IV Oxide is confined in the lung-like blisters, each new breath to supply the lungs with fresh air needed by an individuals’ body, thrusts the air truck walls outwards upon each fresh breath. As the process continues over a period, the difficulty in air transfers arises, thereby causing expansion of the lungs. The lungs then losses the elasticity, and eventually the process destroy the lung tissues. This leads to the retention of high volume of carbon IV Oxide in this respiration organ, thereby shrinking the space for clean air. As a result, the condition makes an individual to suffer from shortness of breath (Emphysema par. 2). The major muscle used for breathing, that is, the diaphragm flattens. Consequently, the diaphragm does not perform its functions as expected. Causes of emphysema Even though medical practitioners, authors and medical researchers across the world admit that emphysema is majorly caused by smoking, the University of Michigan Health System points out that the dreaded diseases can be because of either one or a combination of cigarette smoking, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, or Air pollution (Emphysema par. 4). Cigarette smoking Smoking of cigarettes changes the operation and alignment of lungs, thereby enlarging them and eventually losing their elasticity. As noted, smoking of cigarettes augments the amount of inflammatory cells in a smoker’s respiratory organ; the increased cells discharge enzymes, which damage the tissues of the lungs (Emphysema par. 4). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Because of the excess enzymes and other products, the lungs develop bullae and, at the same time, lose its elasticity, thus resulting in emphysema. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency Apart from smoking of cigarettes, the University of Michigan Health System notes that Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is another common cause of this chronic disease. However noted as a cause, in comparison to smoking, the deficiency is said to be of negligible volume. Alpha-1 antitrypsin, as the University of Michigan Health System indicates, is a natural protein that circulates in the blood in order to keep the white blood cells from harming the regular tissues. Where the Alpha-1 antitrypsin are deficient, which in most cases are genetic condition, the white blood cells continually damage the lung tissues, thereby resulting in emphysema (Emphysema par. 6). However, empirical research declares that individuals with Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency have high chances of developing the chronic complication at a tender age. Air pollution Exposure to poor environmental conditions such as air pollution and second hand smoking is suggested by several studies to also contribute to the cause of emphysema. Sign and symptoms of emphysema These include shortness of breath, wheezing, a barrel shaped chest, fatigue and a continued loss of weight. Treatment of emphysema According to the University of Michigan Health System, treatment for emphysema can be accorded in different ways, such as the use of bronchodilators, steroids, antibiotics, and oxygen. Nonetheless, empirical research shows that each individual response differently to same medication. Therefore, any intake of the steroids should be under a doctor’s prescription. We will write a custom Essay on Medicine Issues: Emphysema’ Disease specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, emphysema patients can deploy the use of pulmonary rehabilitation and exercise to increase their endurance. In so doing, it is exceedingly imperative to note that the patients exercise in nontoxic and examined atmosphere in which the level of oxygen is checked constantly. Still, additional oxygen when supplied to the patients can assist in decreasing shortness of breath, as well as wheezing. Similarly, this should be supplied under the instruction of a physician. Moreover, under circumstances where the medical treatments fail to bear fruits, the University of Michigan Health System affirms that surgical options can be applied. These may include lung transplantation and lung size reduction surgery. In all the scenarios, the authors emphasize that all the patients with this chronic condition ought to avoid direct and passive smoking, as well as air polluted regions in order to mitigate additional destruction to the airways (Emphysema par. 8). In addition, these patients ought to involve in consistent workouts. Similarly, emphysema patients should seek a flue vaccination in the early fall of the disease, as well as a timely treatment of any lung infections that may emerge. Lastly, emphysema patients ought to take small quantities of food severally per day, drink ten to twelve glasses of liquid products per day. In case of patients with excess weight, they should devise means of losing weight in order to minimize wheezing. Works Cited Emphysema. N.p., 5 Apr. 2014. Web. 20 June 2014.

WU Social Work Planning In Foster Care Program Case Study

WU Social Work Planning In Foster Care Program Case Study.

Directions:For this post, you evaluate group research design methods that can be used for an outcome evaluation of a foster parent training program. You also generate criteria to be measured in the program.To prepare for this Discussion, review the “Social Work Research: Planning a Program Evaluation” case study in this week’s resources, Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014b). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Retrieved from http://www.vitalsource.com , and the section of “Basic Guide to Outcomes-Based Evaluation for Nonprofit Organizations with Very Limited Resources”, titled “Overview of Methods to Collect Information.”Post your explanation of which group research design and data collection method from those outlined in the Resources you selected as appropriate for the “Social Work Research: “Planning a Program Evaluation” case study and why.Then, generate criteria to be measured using the research design by identifying a specific outcome and a method for measuring that outcome. Specify who will collect the data and how the data will be collected.Support your post with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.Resources:Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014b). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].Read the following section:“Social Work Research: Planning a Program Evaluation” McNamara, C. (2006a). Contents of an evaluation plan. In Basic guide to program evaluation (including outcomes evaluation). Retrieved from http://managementhelp.org/evaluation/program-evaluation-guide.htm#anchor1586742 Dudley, J. R. (2014). Social work evaluation: Enhancing what we do. (2nd ed.) Chicago, IL: Lyceum Books.Chapter 10, “Analyzing Evaluation Data” (pp. 255–275)
WU Social Work Planning In Foster Care Program Case Study

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