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Counter-Terrorism Plans Development Research Paper

Table of Contents Introduction Developing Counter Terrorism Plans Methodologies Conclusion References List Introduction A long term proactive and collaborative measure needs to be taken to counter terrorism as it has become (of late) a major threat to human peaceful coexistence and economic development. Since the September 11 attacks, it has been a commitment to the US government to protect its citizens from possible terrorist attacks. Developing Counter Terrorism Plans Terrorism is a crime which poses threats leading to non secure and non prosperous economies. Thus, as long as we don’t counter terrorism a peaceful existence won’t be realized. The United States has been of late a target of terrorists and thus measures have been taken and will continue being taken in order to find ways of controlling terrorism completely. Counter terrorism plans have been developed with the aim of enhancing and coordinating capacity building and technical assistance to all departments that may require the assistance. They have also been developed by enacting strict government legislations that continue to enhance the fight against terrorism and improve human security within the country. Enhancing cooperation with the relevant international organizations such as the European Union has also helped in devising globally acceptable strategies of controlling terrorism. Methodologies In order to counter terrorism, several methods have been devised, they include: Counter terrorism funding– terrorism funding is based on highly secretive operations conducted on an international scale. Knowing the sources of the funding is rather difficult but the state has introduced a frame work on how to identify the funding source by tracing, freezing, seizing, and confiscating all the proceeds of these offensive activities in order to cut off the supply of funds to the terrorist groups thereby reducing their purchasing power of the armaments and other explosives (APEC secretariat, 2010). Innovative counter terrorism education and programs- this entails increasing the government and public awareness on how to counter terrorisms and then educate them on the benefits the community would achieve by the collaboration with the government. Establishment of the Anti terrorism Task force- the task force is run by an experienced prosecutor who serves as the Anti Terrorism Coordinator at the specific district and among its functions is coordinating the distribution of information and the development of investigative and prosecuting strategies throughout the country. In addition, the team acts as the harmonizing body of the execution plan for (terrorism) prevention. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Development of an intelligence capability that fully supports the counter terrorism efforts- the program is aimed at identifying probable threats, patterns, and finding relationships among individuals and programs to provide useful information to the authorities. Another methodology has been finding ways of mitigating threats posed by the internet. This is due to the high dependence on the internet and computer networks and other country structures such as the banking services as in the past this has posed a national security threat due to the risk of internet hacking thus the need for the security departments to enhance measures which can reduce chances of the attacks (Anonymous, n.d). Ensuring effective incident management- the goal of this method has been to effectively respond to concerns and priorities of its citizens. By doing this, they hope to create better evacuation guidelines, increase medical surge capacity and also develop plans for high risk attack and disaster scenarios by testing these scenarios through real life exercises. Other methods of countering terrorism include food defense and bioterrorism protection measures. What participants need included, and impediments/roadblocks to planning –there is a need to include everybody in the fight against crime as at the end of the day everybody will be affected either indirectly or directly. The impediments and the challenges that the authority is facing as it tries to counter terrorism are many and multifaceted and include: Human rights abuse: some states have taken the option of torture and other ill treatments in trying to counter terrorism and with the legal laws protecting torture of victims this option has been disregarded though it might be the only way of getting the information. Countering terrorism funding: With some of the finance transfer service establishments being outside the main stream financial system, it becomes difficult in tracking the money flow to these terrorist groups. These informal banking services have been used to launder the money needed for terrorist activities (Yager, 2004). We will write a custom Research Paper on Counter-Terrorism Plans Development specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Data privacy: It has been hard for the US authorities to ensure there is a guaranteed sufficient level of protection against disclosure of personal data. Internet hackers have sometimes accessed states secrets and thus this still remains a major threat. The Muslim world uprisings: Since most of the terrorist activities originate from the Muslim world, there has been laws restricting movement of people, goods and services between US and these countries and this may have negative effects on the US economy as not all Muslims are terrorists. Conclusion We can conclude that to counter terrorism in the United States of America is a major activity in trying to improve homeland security but as we have seen, it is everyone’s obligation to fight terrorism for a peaceful and prosperous world. References List APEC SECRETARIAT, (2010). Counter Terrorism. Web. Anonymous, (Not Dated). Protecting America against the threat of terrorism: Strategic Plan 2001-2006. Web. Yager, L. (2004). Combating terrorism: Federal Agencies Face Continuing Challenges in Addressing Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering. Web.
Engineering homework help. 2 discussions and 2 responsesI need responses to the 2 discussions and 2 responses 1 each to each student.”Week 3 Discussion:Criteria” Please respond to the following:Criteria are a critical part of the justification report assignment. This is an excellent forum to enlist the assistance of your classmates if you are having difficulty deciding what criteria to choose for Assignment 2.1.For this thread, you should:Define the term criteria and examine two (2) ways they function in helping someone make an important decision. Note: You can use an example from your own life to help clearly explain your point.Discuss your potential topic for the justification report (a workplace problem ? see Assignment 2.1 details) then determine which criteria you intend to use to help make your decision. Be sure to cite two (2) reasons why you chose those criteriaRespond to this student for this discussion:Criterion or criteria is the principle or standard by which something may be judged or decided.ÿOne example of criteria is SAT scores, and how they are a key tool in deciding whether or not a student gets into a particular college or not. Also, and probably the most important is finance criteria. If the defined word criteria is the principal or standard by which something may be judged or decided, how often is criteria used when making large financial decisions. A mayor of a major city would need to examine criteria before presenting a proposal for a new school, to fix roads, or structures around town. Criteria can also be used in the process of qualifying for something. A friend of mine is a police officer, he had to take a physical, as well as several mental tests. If I was interested in becoming a police officer, I may ask my friend “do I fit the criteria” or “what is the criteria to apply” meaning what do I need before applying, or being accepted into the academy.I’m struggling with the topic of my justification report, as I usually do trying to find something that doesn’t exist I guess I don’t have the imagination I did when I was a kid. The topic I’m thinking about exploring is employee break room costs. For instance, the CEO of the company has put me in charge of managing the vending machines, coffee machines, the packets or cups for the coffee machine. Pretty much all that a coffee station/break room would entail, the paper products, as well as the appliances. My job is to find out how to save the company money in that department, along with making sure everything is in working condition. My job will extend outside of the break room a little bit as well, because there are water coolers, and other stations that need to be managed as well. I will do research weekly to find out what items, or things we could do as a company to save money while keeping employee moral high. I chose this this criteria, honestly, because it was all I could think of at the time. I feel like I would be better at this if I was actively working, because I would have a better idea of what goes on, or I could do the assignment based on what I do everyday. I haven’t worked in almost 4 years due to injury so this is all I came up with. Another reason I chose this is because it seemed like easily accessible information, prices of items, what it costs the company in bulk, and how we can save money by switching delivery services.ÿDiscussion Wk 4:”Preparing Reports and Proposals – Research”ÿPlease respond to the following:Locate a secondary source on EBSCOHost published in the past year that will help you explore the problem you have raised in your Justification Report. (Use the “Cite” tool on the EBSCOHost Website to copy and paste the APA Reference information into your response so that your classmates and instructor can see the source.) Next, explain why you chose this source, and determine how it will help you to evaluate your alternatives (i.e. possible solutions offered) and arrive at a recommendation for your employer.Respond to this student for wk 4 discussion:My justification report is on the benefits of having an extended lunch break. My current job allows their employees to have a 30 minute lunch break, but my argument is to extend this break between 45 minutes to an hour.?When recovery is insufficient, an individual has to invest additional effort at work, which may cause strain and lead to accumulating strain reactions in the long term. Recovery therefore plays a significant role in counteracting strain caused by job demands and helps in maintaining well-being and energy at work.? (S. Marjaana)Marjaana, S., Ulla, K., Jessica de, B., Kalevi, K., & Sabine, G. (2016). Recovery during Lunch Breaks: Testing Long-Term Relations with Energy Levels at Work. Scandinavian Journal Of Work And Organizational Psychology, Vol 1, Iss 1 (2016), (1), doi:10.16993/sjwop.13Sianoja, M. et al., (2016). Recovery during Lunch Breaks: Testing Long-Term Relations with Energy Levels at Work. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 1(1), p.7. DOI: 5: Discussion”Incorporating Graphics Into the Justification Report” ÿPlease respond to the following:This week, you are to add a graph to your Justification Report. Discuss how you’ll approach this part of your assignment, and state the main reasons why you feel that graphs are a necessary part of a formal report.From Part 1 of this discussion, determine the main benefits of using graphs in the report presentation. Next, explain the matter in which a creatively constructed graph might help you to better manage and present your data.wk 6: Discussion:Anonymous Week 6 Discussion “Putting it All Together – Revising the Justification Report” Please respond to the following:This week, you will utilize the techniques that you have studied in your Week 6 readings to revise your Justification Report while adding the final parts. Based on your readings, state three (3) things that you will be looking for as you revised and proofread (e.g. organization, structure, grammar elements). Discuss the strategies that you will implement to ensure that your assingment is polished and in final draft format.Response to student:I think one of the more important aspects of revising anything is making sure the grammar elements are correct. Grammar, can make anything written either good, or completely unreadable. A second thing I want to make sure is left out of my justification report, at least until I’ve come to a conclusion, is to use bias-free language. When you’re writing a justification report, you should remain unbiased for the most part, if it seems like you are favoring one side, or another, your report can become unusable. Finally, structure is an important aspect when it comes to writing reports, essays, almost anything not a text message, or an e-mail. Structure goes hand and hand with grammar, grammar allows for the writing to flow coherently. If a paper, or report isn’t structured correctly, it can make it really difficult to follow and cause readers to lose interest fast. Proofreading is a great way to find mistakes in a report, or paper, and is recommended in almost every written thing. One way I like to make sure everything rolls together is to have other people read it. Not just one, have several people read it, and most of the time if there is a mistake they will find something you didn’t. The more eyes, the better. Proof reading solves issues such as grammar, and structure, but can also be used to fix my 3rd issue, which was to not come of as biased to one side or the other.Engineering homework help
help in 12‐15 slides. Can you help me understand this Business question?

This is a Collaborative Learning Community (CLC) assignment.
To better understand cultural differences and how these differences influence global management, as a group, create a PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following:

Compare how the United States differs from another country of your choice (within the region you selected to analyze throughout the course) on Hofstede’s six dimensions of culture.
Explain how your knowledge of these differences would influence you as a global manager if you were doing business in the selected country.
Explain the challenges and opportunities associated with leading in your selected country.

The PowerPoint presentation should consist of 12‐15 slides not including the title slide and slide for APA citations. Images may be included in the presentation but be sure to keep all image sizes low for this presentation.
Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assessment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.
help in 12‐15 slides

Effective Waste Management Steps Essay. What steps would you take to ensure that wastes being produced at a factory are managed correctly? To ensure that wastes being produced at a factory are managed correctly, it is necessary to control the whole waste management process and to take several important steps leading to effective waste management. Step 1: The first step includes the monitoring of the amounts of waste produced at a factory with the necessary focus on determining what substances and objects can be discussed as wastes. It is important to note that wastes are the substances and materials which were used in the production cycle until they were withdrawn from the cycle (Lemann 2008, p. 22). Step 2: The next important step is the classification of the waste according to the type to contribute to its effective collection and further disposal or recycling. The waste produced at a factory should be classified as industrial, but it is necessary to control the process of classifying the waste into hazardous and non-hazardous to provide the necessary labels for the containers with the hazardous waste (How to develop waste management 2007, p. 3-4). Step 3: The hazardous waste should be transported to the carefully selected and approved disposal areas because the hazardous waste containing toxic or flammable substances should be treated and controlled with references to the special guidelines and policies (Lemann 2008, p. 308). Step 4: The next step is the control of classifying the industrial non-hazardous waste as appropriate for reusing in the factory’s processes, for recycling, and for disposing of because of its specific qualities. Step 5: It is important to control the quality and appropriateness of the containers to store the waste used for reuse and containers for transporting the non-hazardous waste to landfills for disposing of. Step 6: To guarantee the effective reuse of the waste, it is necessary to pay attention to the containers for storing the waste and to the method used for reusing the substances (Pichtel 2010, p. 83). Step 7: Much attention should be paid to the stage of recycling the waste because it is necessary to control the appropriateness of the recycling methods for the concrete type of waste. Recycling methods are effective to minimize waste production, but the processes should be controlled by specialists. Effective waste management at the recycling stage means the prevention of possible contamination and damage (Pichtel 2010, p. 81). Step 8: Those non-hazardous substances and objects which are chosen to be disposed of should be transported to the landfills or burned. It is the duty of the waste management specialist to determine the most effective technique to dispose of the waste because various materials and substances are characterized by different specific qualities. Step 9: The next step is the control of the recycling and disposing strategies’ impact on the environment. This activity is determined as the separate step because it can be associated with the factory’s long-term goal to focus on the waste reduction methods and strategies to minimize the negative effect of the waste management procedures on the environment (Lemann 2008, p. 12). What are three impediments to establishing effective recycling schemes, and how could these be overcome? Three impediments are the lack of developed markets and systems; high costs of recycling technologies; and the lack of awareness related to expected benefits for business and environment (HesterEffective Waste Management Steps Essay

Critical Analysis of Socrates’ (Diotima’s) View of Love Essay (Critical Writing)

Table of Contents Introduction Love of Beautiful Things Mysteries of Love Critical Analysis Conclusion Work Cited Introduction Socrates and Agathon were in deep dialogue trying to define love. Ultimately, they agreed that love must have an object and that the object must be in short supply and beautiful, or amusing. In their dialogue, they asserted that love desires and is always in want of beautiful and praiseworthy things; for it triumphs in happiness and wanes in sadness. In their view, love does not desire emptiness or ugly things because it has to adore something or beautiful things. Therefore, Socrates presumed that love is a god of beautiful and marvelous things only. However, Diotima disputed this view because gods own both beautiful and ugly things. According to Rouse, Diotima views love as one of the spirits that mediate between human beings and gods, and mortal and immortal things (98). Diotima argues that love is the offspring of gods of Plenty and Poverty and that is why he (love) desires beautiful things for his father is Plenty, and he dwells in want because his mother is Poverty. Therefore, Diotima views love as a continuum of beautiful and ugly things that human beings desire to achieve and attain happiness. Love of Beautiful Things Since love is always in want and seeks to achieve beautiful things, it has compelled human beings to strive for beautiful things. Human beings struggle to achieve beautiful things that they lack in life, and in so doing they obtain happiness. Hence, human beings are in love with beautiful and smashing things for they need happiness. It can be conclusive to say that, all human beings are lovers of beautiful and praiseworthy things, but human needs and means of achieving these things vary from one lover to another. Diotima asserts that human beings always desire to have beautiful and pleasurable things, and this constitutes love (Rouse 101). Human beings are willing to sacrifice themselves to obtain their desires, since love is always wanting and pursing nifty things. Diotima adds that one tends to view own property as valued while views another’s property as worthless because his/her love seeks fair and beautiful things only. Viewing love to have a lack of healthy and beautiful things is contrary to the common view that love is generous. In the perspective of common view, Diotima’s view begs a question that, how can love be generous yet wanting at the same time. Given that love pursues courteous and beautiful things, a human being use various approaches to satisfy his/her unique needs that love compels him/her to obtain in life, for it is always lacking. Since love seeks to obtain decent and beautiful things, immortality is one of the things. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Diotima argues that, the process of pursuing and expressing love is divine as human beings are pregnant in body and soul, yearning to immortalize themselves through procreation. Women are pregnant in the body, for they desire to immortalize their existence and live happily. Likewise, human beings can also be pregnant in soul because they are yearning to bear wisdom, virtues and ethics that build a better society, which bestows happiness to all. Procreation of human desires provides the means of achieving immortality and happiness in life. Diotima argues that love occurs when a human being is pregnant and desires to bear beautiful things that are not only immortal, but also wise and virtuous (Rouse 104). It implies that love is assurance of immortality and happy live through procreation of body and societal values. Thus, love is not instantaneous feelings but assurance of the future and better life that is full of happiness. Mysteries of Love Despite the fact that love seeks beautiful things only, all bodies have their inherent beauty that depends on different perceptions of lovers. Beauty in one body relates with beauty in other bodies because all are objects of love. Diotima advices that human beings need to pursue beauty knowing that beauty in all bodies is similar, for it is sheer folly not to believe so (Rouse 105). Thus, if one needs to appreciate beauty, one should realize that beauty exists in all bodies and that there is no single body that is beautiful, making it a mystery. Diotima further advices that, unseen beauty of the soul is more salient and precious than physical beauty of a body, which is particularly deceptive. Beauty of the soul is precious because it begets wisdom and virtues that are critical in loving and caring others. In her view of mature love, Diotima argues that one needs to grasp the essence of love, as it is knowledge that recognizes and contemplates about world of beauty, and ultimately give rise to wisdom. Thus, Diotima views love as one of the qualities of the soul that enables human beings to desire wisdom and values, unlike common view of beauty that concentrates only on physical attributes. The best approach of pursuing desires of love is to begin from one body, then to many bodies and ultimately to knowledge and wisdom for one to attain perfection of beauty and love. The reason why love does not grow is that humans base their desires on physical attribute of bodies and neglect beauty of the soul. According to Rouse, Diotima argues that human flesh and colors have defiled and adulterated perception of beauty because human beings hardly consider beauty of the soul (107). Desire of physical attributes of a body is not only deceptive but a sign of immature love that lacks wisdom and values. We will write a custom Critical Writing on Critical Analysis of Socrates’ (Diotima’s) View of Love specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this view, Diotima perceives that physical attributes of a body obscure and obstruct real attributes of beauty that lies in the soul. Wisdom and values are indispensable elements of the soul that guide human beings in pursuing their desires according to passion imbued by the love. Thus, human beings need to focus on beauty of the soul since they derive considerable benefits such as wisdom, virtues, ethics and other values that are essential for personal development, unlike the body that hardly has any benefits except sight. Critical Analysis I agree with Diotima’s view that love always desires pleasurable and beautiful things that make human beings achieve their happiness due to the satisfaction of their needs. Love compels people to pursue different interests with a common objective of attaining excellence and becoming happy in life. Since love is always in want of finest and beautiful things, it means that love would cease to exist if human needs become satisfied. In nature, expression of love is evident in instances where there is a need and plenty, for instance, when the rich express love to the poor by helping them. Moreover, given that human needs are infinite, the need to immortalize their existence and values are also expression of love. Immortality and societal values are courteous and beautiful desires that human beings struggle to achieve. I also agree with Diotima’s view that beauty of the soul is more powerful as compared to the beauty of the body. The beauty is soul is paramount because from it springs out wisdom, virtues and ethics that are higher values in the society. If human beings were to accept Diotima’s view of love, society could be full of wisdom and societal values that uphold humanity. Diotima’s argument that human beings are pregnant in body and soul has deep implication as it means that everyone is full of love and ready to pursue its desires using all means possible. Desire of healthy and beautiful things that are inherent in love could be applicable in a positive manner if humanity concentrated on beauty of the soul rather than the physical body, which is deceptive. Moreover, human beings need to know that everything is beautiful and that there is no single beautiful thing in the world, thus for one to obtain unwavering love, there must be wisdom and knowledge that emanates from the soul. Therefore, Diotima’s arguments are honorable for they enlighten humanity that even though love seeks reliable and beautiful things, it must focus on unseen attributes of the soul. Conclusion Love desires pleasurable and beautiful things because it is always deficient. Love that human beings have for things has prompted them to utilize all means at their disposal to fulfill their desires. However, Diotima cautions that all things are trustworthy and beautiful in their own right, and therefore, no one should compel things that are not trustworthy or beautiful to look crooked or ugly. Diotima asserts that unseen beauty of the soul is more powerful than mere physical attributes of a body. Thus, attributes of the soul such as wisdom, virtues and ethics should form the basis of moral and beautiful things that love desires. Not sure if you can write a paper on Critical Analysis of Socrates’ (Diotima’s) View of Love by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Work Cited Rouse, John. Great Dialogues of Plato. New York: The New American Library, 1956.

week 5 Assessment Research

professional essay writers week 5 Assessment Research. I’m trying to study for my English course and I need some help to understand this question.

Unit 5 Assessment Research
Submit Assignment

Due Sunday by 11:59pm
Points 65
Submitting a text entry box or a file upload

Employ: Research Process
Evaluation Title: Research
This course requires the completion of a major research paper (8 to 10 content pages, not including the title, abstract and reference page) for the final assignment. In order to do this, the writing must be in a style appropriate for an academic discourse community and the references should be academic references. At least five of the articles must be located in the Herzing University Library
This week’s assignment builds on the unit 4 assessment and completes the gathering of reference materials.

Begin with the introduction to the paper which should include the thesis statement.
Submit a minimum of 7 primary resources and 3 secondary resources, for one of the following topics (In Unit 4, 3 primary and 2 secondary resources were submitted-please highlight these resources in the new document)

3D Printing
High-speed rail
Stem Cell Research

Complete the literature review for each of the resources identified
Include the APA reference page

The literary resources and introduction should be in APA format.
All citations and references should be in APA format.
Estimated time to complete: 6 hours
Unit 5 Assessment Research

Unit 5 Assessment Research


This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContentEN304-CO3

20.0 ptsLevel 5Expresses content knowledge with the assignment purpose in a complete, organized, clear, professional, and culturally respectful manner.
18.0 ptsLevel 4Expresses content knowledge with the assignment purpose in a complete, organized, clear, professional, and culturally respectful manner with minor weaknesses in one or more of the areas.
16.0 ptsLevel 3Partially expresses content knowledge with the assignment purpose. Expresses ideas in a complete, organized, clear, professional, and culturally respectful manner with weaknesses in these area.
14.0 ptsLevel 2Partially expresses content knowledge with the assignment purpose. Ideas are partially expressed in an organized, professional, and culturally respectful manner with major weaknesses in these areas.
12.0 ptsLevel 1Expresses limited content knowledge with the assignment purpose. Ideas are not expressed in a complete, organized, clear, professional, and/or culturally respectful manner.
0.0 ptsLevel 0The assignment was not completed or there are no constructed concepts that demonstrate analytically skills and no evidences to support the content does not align to the assignment instructions

20.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAnalysisPRICE-P

20.0 ptsLevel 5Constructs concepts related to course content, demonstrating strong analytical skills with strong evidence to support professional and personal subject knowledge through details, supporting evidence, and idea differentiation.
18.0 ptsLevel 4Constructs concepts related to course content, demonstrating strong analytical skills with evidence to support professional and personal subject knowledge through details, supporting evidence, and idea differentiation.
16.0 ptsLevel 3Constructs concepts related to course content, demonstrating analytical skills with some evidence to support professional and personal subject knowledge through details, supporting evidence, and idea differentiation.
14.0 ptsLevel 2Constructs concepts related to course content, demonstrating weak analytical skills with minimal evidence to support professional and personal subject knowledge through details, supporting evidence, and idea differentiation.
12.0 ptsLevel 1Constructs concepts related to course content, demonstrating inadequate evidence of analytical skills. There is minimal or no evidence to support professional and personal subject knowledge through details, supporting evidence, and idea differentiation.
0.0 ptsLevel 0The assignment was not completed or there was no evidence of constructed concepts that are supported by professional and personal subject knowledge through details, supporting evidence, and idea differentiation.

20.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeTechnology

10.0 ptsLevel 5Manipulates multiple technological resources to effectively implement all assignment requirements.
9.0 ptsLevel 4Manipulates multiple technological resources to effectively implement most assignment requirements.
8.0 ptsLevel 3Manipulates multiple technological resources to effectively implement some assignment requirements.
7.0 ptsLevel 2Manipulates multiple technological resources for some assignment requirements.
6.0 ptsLevel 1Manipulates technological resources to minimally meet some assignment requirements.
0.0 ptsLevel 0The assignment was not completed or difficulties with technological manipulation were evident. The assignment submitted does not meet requriements.

10.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWriting

10.0 ptsLevel 5The assignment exhibits a excellent command of written English language conventions. The assignment has no errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling.
6.0 ptsLevel 4The assignment exhibits a good command of written English language conventions. The assignment has no errors in mechanics, or spelling with minor grammatical errors that impair the flow of communication.
4.0 ptsLevel 3The assignment exhibits a basic command of written English language conventions. The assignment has minor errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that impact the flow of communication
2.0 ptsLevel 2The assignment exhibits a limited command of written English language conventions. The assignment has frequent errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that impede the flow of communication.
1.0 ptsLevel 1The assignment exhibits little command of written English language conventions. The assignment has errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that cause the reader to stop and reread parts of the writing to discern meaning.
0.0 ptsLevel 0The assignment does not demonstrate command of written English language conventions. The assignment has multiple errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that cause the reader difficulty discerning the meaning.

10.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAPAPRICE-I

5.0 ptsLevel 5In-text citations of sources and references in proper APA style are included with no errors.
4.0 ptsLevel 4In-text citations of sources and references in proper APA style are included but have 1-2 minor APA errors.
3.5 ptsLevel 3In-text citations of sources and references in proper APA style are included but have 3 – 4 minor APA errors.
3.0 ptsLevel 2In-text citations of sources and references in proper APA style are included but have more than 4 errors.
2.0 ptsLevel 1The errors demonstrate limited understanding of in-text citation and reference requirements
0.0 ptsLevel 0There are no in-text citations AND/OR references.

5.0 pts

Total Points: 65.0

week 5 Assessment Research

University of North Texas Slavery Critical Review Question

University of North Texas Slavery Critical Review Question.

Instructions, Suggestions and Resources for Literature Review (8th Edition)
Abolition of the Slave Trade and Slavery: Literature Review
“Literature and the telling of stories are indispensable to our ability to cope with that mighty construct we call the human condition. After all, why does man need bread? To survive, but why survive if it’s only to eat more bread? To live is more than just a sustained life; it is to enrich and be enriched by life.”—Shasi Taroor
Sources and Documentation
Remember that your paper should be a critical review, not just a summary of the work or a biography of the author; it should clearly demonstrate that you have read and understood the work. In addition, you should evaluate it within the context of its impact on the human rights movement. Select a work of significant literary quality; read and study the work; research its reception and impact; read and incorporate critical reviews of the work. Your final paper should include references to the scholarly sources you used to evaluate it, documented following the MLA format, 8th Edition. Below are some sample citations for the type of sources you will most likely consult.
Double space and use hanging indent (Canvas did not retain the correct formatting for some examples.)
Sample book:
Jones, Edward P. The Known World. HarperCollins, 2003.
Sample republication of an older book:
Hurston, Zora Neale. Mules and Men. 1935. Harpers, 1990.
Sample books online:
Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin or Life Among the Lowly. Clarke & Company, 1852. Project Gutenberg, 13 Jan. 2006.
Brown, Henry Box. Narrative of the Life of Henry Box Brown Written by Himself. Manchester, 1851. Documenting the American South, University of North Carolina, 1999.
Sample articles online:
Parkus, Robert D. and Mary Schlosser. “Aspects of the Publishing History of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 1851-1900.” Catherine Pelton Durrell ’25, Archives and Special Collections. 2001-2005, Vassar College Libraries.
Holmes, Marian Smith. “The Great Escape from Slavery of Ellen and William Craft.”, 16 June 2010,
Sample essay or story in an anthology:
Thoreau, Henry David. “Civil Disobedience.” The American Tradition in Literature, edited by George Perkins and Barbara Perkins. 11th ed., McGraw Hill, 2007.
Sample poem online:
Wheatley, Phillis. “On Virtue.” Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. London, 1773. American Verse Project. University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative, 1999.
Sample review (Instructions and examples are excerpted from Purdue University OWL (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)):
Here is another example:
Gates, David. “Original Sins,” Review of Mercy, by Toni Morrison. New York Times, 28 Nov. 2008.
Purpose, Focus, and Suggested Approaches for the Assignment
For this unit your research will focus on the role of literature in raising awareness and furthering the mission of the human rights movement. The first international human rights movement, the antislavery crusade, pioneered the tactics adopted by activists in every successive generation right down to the present day. The development of relatively cheap printing processes and the transportation revolution that made mass distribution of materials possible enabled abolitionists, black and white, to fight their battle by using the power of language: poetry and songs, stories and novels, slave narratives and autobiographies, essays and newspaper articles, in short, virtually every known form of literature. Their words had the power to jar readers from their comfortable worlds and pull them into powerful dramas they had never before imagined. The following suggestions offer a variety of approaches to research this subject.
It is important to understand that the literature of slavery times began in the oral folklore of an illiterate people. Just as the visual arts create a sense of cultural identity, the stories that a people repeat for generations, provide a means of creative expression and community cohesion. In spite of the violence and oppression of slavery, a rich and expressive culture developed among African Americans, one that has left a lasting legacy. You may want to explore this legacy or to consider the ties between African and African American folklore.
By the late 18th and early 19th centuries some African Americans had achieved literacy and were beginning to produce a literature of their own. While they contributed to a variety of genres, including poetry, novels, and essays, by far the most popular and powerful literature of the era was the slave narrative. By telling the story of slavery from the inside, these accounts captured the imagination of countless readers, and still have the power to move us today. Indeed, these accounts have been among the most influential genres in all of American literature. Any one of these narratives is an apt subject for review.
The institution of slavery also had a powerful impact on white writers of the antebellum period. Abolitionists wrote intense attacks on the system for their newspapers and polemical tracts, but they also produced novels, poems, and stories, some of enduring quality and value.
Another interesting approach to this unit is to study the post-Civil War impact of slavery on literature. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw the development of a number of brilliant African American writers, all of whom commented at some level on the legacy of slavery. Finally, you might want to look at the work of contemporary writers who still return to the subject.
Suggested Resources
Please read and review an original source for yourself; do not rely on such resources as Wikipedia, Sparknotes or Cliffnotes. You should use scholarly sources to find information about the author’s background and help you evaluate the impact of the work and its relationship to other works of the era. Use the library (books are always good sources) or the library data bases. You may use academic sources on the Internet, but be sure that you can identify the author and check his or her credentials before citing the source. The best sources are typically associated with a university or a scholarly data base.
Some general reference books that will help you make a selection include Blyden Jackson’s History of Afro-American Literature; Robert Bone’s The Negro Novel in America, and The Oxford Companion to African American Literature, edited by William L. Andrews, Frances Smith Foster, and Trudier Harris. Impossible Witnesses: Truth, Abolitionism and Slave Testimony by Dwight A. McBride offers excellent insight into the slave narrative genre.
If you wish to investigate the folklore traditions of slavery times a good place to start is with Joel Chandler Harris, Tales of Uncle Remus. Even though the collection reflects the prejudice of the white compiler, the stories can be read for their meaning to their original authors and audiences. Consider specifically how these stories helped slaves cope with their oppression and how they related to African tales. Another fascinating work is Zora Neale Hurston’s collection of folk stories, Mules and Men. Her account of collecting the tales in the 1930s gives these stories special appeal.
There are literally hundreds of slave narratives; the most famous, as well as being the most popular in their own day, are the autobiographies of Frederick Douglass, William Wells Brown and Harriet Jacobs. A brief sampling of others you may find interesting include: Olaudah Equiano (Captured in Africa when he was about 11 years old, he became a major figure in the early abolitionist movement); William and Ellen Craft ( Ellen disguised herself as a white man to effect the couple’s escape); Henry “Box” Brown (He had himself boxed up and sent North through the mail); Solomon Northup (He was a free black man kidnapped into slavery, whose story has recently been made into a moving film); Sojourner Truth (Born a slave in New York, she became an important speaker in behalf of freedom and equality for all), and Richard Allen (He became a major figure in African American religious history). These and other accounts are available electronically from the University of North Carolina site, Documenting the American South at (Links to an external site.). One of the most important resources for understanding slavery from an insider’s perspective is the collection of interviews conducted by the Federal Writers’ Project in the 1930s, available from the Library of Congress site American Memory at (Links to an external site.). In considering all of these works, keep in mind that African American writers and speakers were often addressing white readers and audiences, so their work is heavily influenced by what they assumed whites wanted to know and to hear. They tell their story with a specific agenda–gaining support for the antislavery cause. In addition, many of these accounts were compiled by white “editors” so that it is sometimes difficult to determine where the black voice ends and the white begins.
African Americans distinguished themselves in other genres as well. In the 1770s Phillis Wheatley became the first published African American poet in North America. In addition to the narrative of his life, William Wells Brown also wrote a novel, Clotel, or the President’s Daughter, and a woman named Hannah Crafts authored the novel A Bondwoman’s Narrative, a manuscript just recently discovered. Essays and lectures by numerous black writers (such as David Ruggles) contributed to the literature of antislavery. David Walker’s Appeal was one of the most radical calls to action printed prior to the Civil War.
If you prefer to review the impact that slavery had on white authors, the possibilities are numerous. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is without question one of the most important and influential novels ever written and remains a prime example of how literature moves hearts and minds. Even before Stowe’s novel appeared, the Frenchman Gustave de Beaumont wrote Marie or Slavery in the United States. Although the novel was not translated into English until the 1950s, it went through several editions in France and received prestigious literary awards. In America, popular poets such as John Greenleaf Whittier, Walt Whitman, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, along with many lesser known poets and songwriters, produced significant antislavery poems in the antebellum period. A collection of these works can be found in the Antislavery Literature Project, compiled by Arizona State University at (Links to an external site.). Additional resources include the polemic writings of such antislavery advocates as William Lloyd Garrison, Theodore Parker, Wendell Phillips, and Theodore Dwight Weld. Henry David Thoreau’s essay “Civil Disobedience” expressed his opposition to slavery and the Mexican War and ultimately became one of the most influential documents in literary and political history.
If you prefer more contemporary literature, you may want to explore the work of post-Civil War writers, especially Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. W.E.B DuBois, Souls of Black Folk, is a classic nonfiction work on the continuing legacy of slavery. Black novelists and poets of the early 20th century such as Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Richard Wright, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, Jean Toomer, and Arna Bontemps all dealt with the legacy of slavery. More recent works include Nobel Laureate Toni Morrison’s Beloved and Mercy, Charles Johnson’s Middle Passage, Edward Jones’ The Known World, Alice Randall’s Wind Done Gone (retells Gone with the Wind from the perspective of Scarlet’s half- sister, a slave) William Styron’s The Confessions of Nat Turner, Isabel Allende, Island Beneath the Sea, and Barack Obama’s speech on race delivered during the 2008 presidential campaign. Finally, you might want to look at slavery in the world today: Kevin Bales’s Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy.
Questions to Consider:
Some of the following questions will not apply to all genres; they are just intended to help you get started.

Who is the author and what is his or her background?
How does the work relate to and/or draw from other works of the era?
What were the primary influences on the work?
How has the work been received by the public and by critics?
How has it influenced other literary works?
Describe the most memorable characters. What techniques did the author use to engage readers with these characters?
How did the author use language effectively to convey his or her message?
How is the plot structured? Is it effective?
In your opinion, does the work qualify as literature or is it essentially propaganda?
How has the work contributed to the growth of the human rights movement?

University of North Texas Slavery Critical Review Question

Stateless Auto Configuration Addressing With Ipv6 Computer Science Essay

Because of the ever increasing amount of devices that require IP addresses, IPv4 addressing will no longer be enough to provide these devices with an IP address. IPv6 was introduced to solve the problems of the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses by increasing the IP address size from 32b to 128b. This allows for more than enough IP addresses to be given out and is no chance of them ever running out. In this report you will see the different ways in which IPv6 addresses can be assigned to host machines on a network whether it be statically or dynamically. There are benefits and also drawbacks for each method which will be covered in this report. What is IPV6? IPv6 is an internet protocol which was developed to solve the problem of IPv4 address exhaustion. IPv4 uses 32b addressing so that means that it is 2^32 = 4,294,967,296 addresses. This may seem like more than enough IP addresses to provide everyone but in fact is not enough to keep up with the growing demand of IP addresses for the newer technology which requires IP addresses. IPv6 uses 128b addressing 2^128 = 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 addresses. [1] As you can see there are a huge number of IPV6 addresses available which will almost never run out. Because of this it makes it harder for us humans to understand them in binary like in IPv4 so this is why with IPv6 they are changing to use hexadecimal instead of binary. By using hexadecimal it shortens the addresses to allot less than it would be if we kept on using binary but the drawback for this is that many people do not understand hexadecimal as most people haven’t seen it implemented before. Stateless auto configuration The stateless auto configuration is when host machines on a network have the ability to configure themselves with a routable IP address without the need of a DHCP server to assign it an address. The way this is done is that hosts generate a link local address for each interface connected to it but like MAC and IP addresses the link local address must be unique for each host. To make sure that all of the link local addresses are unique the host machines send a neighbour solicitation message containing its possible link local address that it wants to use. If there is a reply then it means that another host has the same address that it wants to use and so must change its possible address and send the neighbour solicitation message again until it gets a unique address it can use on its interface. Once the host has obtained a link local address its next aim is now to gain an IP address. To do this routers constantly send out router advertisements that hosts on the network listen out for and once the host receives an advertisement it then gains the network information to give its self an IP address to access the network. Advantages of stateless auto configuration are that there is almost no configuration for the client to do when it the computer tries to gain an IP address. All the client needs to do is wait on the machine getting an IP address from the information gained from the router and that is all that is required to get up and running. Another benefit of stateless auto configuration is that it does not need a DHCP server in order for hosts to gain IP addresses and even if it needs to get other information later on it can then contact a DHCP server to get other information such as DNS server addresses. A disadvantage of this method is that it doesn’t get the entire network configuration that it may need to be fully functional on the network. Instead it uses DHCPv6 when it has enough configuration to get reach the DHCPv6 server to get the rest of the configuration. This is not good as it would be more efficient to get all of the needed configuration by using stateless auto configuration. [2] Stateful auto configuration Stateful auto configuration is similar to DHCP in the way that IP addresses are given out to hosts on a network by using a server. Even though with IPv6 and its massive amounts of IP`s it is still a good idea to use a server to manage IP`s for companies to control and easily maintain what computers from each room or department are connected to the router. It also allows you to easily change the configuration of the network if needed from a central point in the network, this case being the DHCPv6 server and change settings such as the DNS server and the range of addresses to provide to hosts and this will also update to the clients when they are due to renew their lease. Stateful auto configuration is used when there is no router on the link that is advertising router advertisements to provide the information to give its self an IP address. Instead it goes to a DHCP server that issues the host with all of the required configuration to get access to the network. A disadvantage of stateful auto configuration is that it needs a DHCPv6 server in order to get an IP address and if the DHCPv6 server goes down then there is no way for hosts to get network configurations unless there is a router on the link that is advertising router advertisements. But in the worst case scenario when their being no router available then there is no way for hosts to get assigned an IP address. DHCPv6 DHCPv6 is the protocol that has been developed to work with IPv6. It allows for hosts on a network to gain an IP address and other settings like DNS and default gateway from the DHCPv6 server by using statefull DHCP. The hosts make contact to the DHCP server by using multicasts and also using the UDP protocol. Below is information on the different messages that are exchanged between the host and the DHCP server in order for the host to gain a valid IPv6 address and get access to network resources with the address given to the host. Solicit – This is when the client first makes contact with the DHCP server. Advertise – This is when the DHCP server sends an advertise message saying that it is available to assign IP addresses to the client. Request – The client machine now sends a request message to the server requesting an IP address and other information such as DNS, Default gateway. Confirm – The client now sends a confirm message asking if the information is still valid since the IP address was given out. Renew – This is when the clients DHCP lease time is running out and needs to be extended or given out a new IP address. With DHCP is it most likely during a renew process that the IP address will be extended to the client. Rebind – This is similar to the renew message but with the rebind message the client contacts the server to increase its lease time but is also able to update any changes to other network configuration such as the DNS servers without changing its IP address Reply – This is when the server sends a reply message with network configuration information in response to a solicit, request, renew and rebind messages received from the client before. The server then sends another reply message to confirm that the configuration that the client has received is appropriate for that network the client is connected to. Release – The release message is used to indicate to the DHCP server that the client will no longer use the IP address and that the IP address the client had can go back into the address pool for another client to use. Decline – The decline message is sent from the client to tell the DHCP server that the IP address given out from the server has already been assigned to another host on the network. Reconfigure – This message is sent from the DHCP server to inform the client that there is new configuration on the network and the client must then send a renew and reply message in order to receive the updated information. [3] Conclusion IPv6 is a vast improvement on the previous IPv4 protocol with the ability to provide almost unlimited IP addresses to hosts. The two ways in which hosts can gain an IP address are both adequate ways to distribute IP addresses but there are disadvantages with both stateful and stateless auto configuration. Because stateless requires that there must be a router that is advertising router adverts then it means that if there is no router then of course also means it cannot gain its IP address by using stateless configuration. Another disadvantage of this is that the router advertisements do not provide the hosts with all of the network configuration that it may need and then the host has to go to a DHCPv6 server using stateful configuration to get the rest of the configuration. There are also disadvantages for stateful addressing too in that if there is no DHCP server available then it cannot issue IP addresses to hosts. But out of the two auto configurations I would choose stateful to be the best method of issuing IP addresses because it allows for a remote server to distribute address and you can easily change the network settings on the DHCP server and it will also update the clients on the network. It also allows for more control on who gets what range of IP addresses and lets you easily manage IP`s to be issued to certain departments or rooms in a company so you can monitor the machines more easily.