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Costco Company: Eliminate Arbitrary Numerical Targets Essay

Background The point under discussion is the eleventh principle proposed by Dr. Deming that suggests “eliminating arbitrary numerical targets.” The key idea of this principle resides in placing a greater focus on the quality of performance rather than on the quantitative indicators. Hence, Dr. Deming proposes to eliminate those norms and standards that oblige employees to concentrate on numerical quotas. He provides two rationales to explain the ineffectiveness of this quantitative approach. First, he points out that numerical targets fail to consider any external factors that tend to prevent an employee from fulfilling the assigned quantitative norm, i.e. delays and cancellations, the lack of clients on a particular day, etc. As a result, the evaluation of performance outcomes is distorted. Second, Dr. Deming notes that numeric work standards are incompatible with effective leadership that is supposed to be targeted at a continual quality and productivity improvement. Thus, the quantitative approach overlooks the importance of operation processes placing the entire emphasis on their final results. In such a manner, performance outcomes become the main criteria for evaluating the accomplishment of a set purpose. Meanwhile, Dr. Deming does not reject the need for measurements in management. The solution that he proposes is to change the object of measuring. Hence, he suggests evaluating the quality of the product and service provided rather than the number of calls made or units sold. Current Condition The discussed principle is not integrated into Costco’s management practice to the full extent. Thus, significant emphasis is still put on the numeric indicators such as the number of purchase agreements made per month or the scope of new customers involved. As a result, employees strive to reach the highest scores possible sacrificing the quality when it is required. In the meantime, it should be noted that officially, managers do not impose any numerical targets and encourage employees to focus on continual quality improvement. Thus, there is no formal document that would describe the quantitative standards an employee is obliged to meet. It might be suspected that employees are focused on the quantitative indicators of their performance because the payment system is largely based on the performance-related format. Hence, bonuses are commonly assigned for more sales and contracts so that incentives serve as a powerful driver of quantity-focused performance. Target Condition It is proposed that adopting the discussed principle will imply numerous benefits for Costco. First, it will help to develop an effective leadership approach that is aimed at ensuring continuous quality and productivity improvement. The shift from the focus on focus will allow employees to concentrate on the quality of their performance and evaluate the service they provide to their customers from a new perspective. They will receive a chance to develop their professional skills and design new communication techniques. Additionally, the implementation of this principle will provide for a better understanding of the target customers, their needs, and requirements. As a result, the customer’s satisfaction with the service will increase, and the quantitative indicators will improve naturally. The second positive outcome is that the integration of this principle into the management strategy will allow for establishing a healthier workplace atmosphere. Thus, employees will experience less tension and stress associated with the rush towards enhanced numerical achievements. The positive reinforcement, in its turn, will become a powerful driver of quality improvement.

Languages homework help

Languages homework help. 3 questions: Draw a flowchart for the program that will calculate BMI from a height (in inches) and a weight (in pounds). The program will tell the BMI along with advice. BMI is calculated in the following way. BMI = weight in pounds x 703 height in inches x height in inches Give the following advice. BMI 25.0 and above Exercise more Less than 25.0 You have a healthy weight Test your algorithm using the following 2 cases. height: 67 weight: 120 Outputs are 19.79 You have a healthy weight height: 67 weight: 200 Outputs are 31.32 Exercise more Draw a flowchart for the program that will read an unknown number of ages. (0 is a valid age used for a baby.) The user will enter a negative number if there are no more ages to enter. The program will output the average age and youngest and oldest ages. If no ages were entered, display ?No ages were entered? (see below). Hint: Use 2 boxes to store the youngest and oldest ages. What would you put in these boxes at the beginning? Test your algorithm using a table with the following 4 cases. Make one table for each test. You will have 4 separate tables. Age Age ò 0 Num Total + Age…Total Youngest Oldest Avg 20, 0, 10, 5, -1 Outputs should be 8.75 (average age) 20 (oldest) 0 (youngest) 100, 105, -5 Outputs should be 102.5 (average age) 105 (oldest) 100 (youngest) 50, -7 Outputs should be 50 (average age) 50 (oldest) 50 (youngest) -1 Outputs should be No ages were entered Draw a flowchart for the program that will let a teacher enter exactly 5 scores (each score needs to be greater than or equal to zero). The program will output the total and average score. Reject bad inputs from the user. If she enters a negative number, tell her ?Invalid score. Enter a score again?. Test your algorithm using a table with the following 2 cases. Make one table for each test. You will have 2 separate tables. Repetition# Score Score < 0 Enter a score: -10 Invalid score. Enter a score: -50 Invalid score. Enter a score: -35 Invalid score. Enter a score: 20 Enter a score: -30 Invalid score. Enter a score: 60 Enter a score: -40 Invalid score. Enter a score: 40 Enter a score: 30 Enter a score: 15 The total score is 165 The average is 33 Enter a score: 25 Enter a score: 55 Enter a score: 0 Enter a score: 80 Enter a score: 30 The total score is 190 The average is 38Due in 12 hoursLanguages homework help[supanova_question]

Python Movie Recommender System

assignment writing services Python Movie Recommender System.

I have a project that I am working on that involves building a recommender system using movie ratings data. I am look for someone to help me with this and that HAS experience with machine learning and data mining techniques in Python using K nearest neighbor functions, clustering, collaborative filtering, etc. I believe numpy, scikit learn, and sklearn will be used here…a couple others will be used too. I have a lot of sample code that can be used for this and I believe I have all the resources necessary to complete it but low on time and understanding. If you can include similar work with your bid to prove that you have done something like this before, it will be helpful when picking out bids. It’s hard just to take someones word for it since this is a specific assignment and not just regular python coding.1. I want this to be coded using iPython Notebook. 2. This system will import a set of ratings from the data set provided below. Split the data set in order to have training data and test data, i think the moveilens data is already split up into groups so i guess it might not need to be split up. I don’t need to use any demographic data. I just need to focus on ratings for movies. Here is the Data I need to use: MovieLens Ratings3. From here I want to train the system with the training data and then import the test data and predict ratings based on the test data. Then compare the test ratings with the predictions and do some analysis on that. The data may need to be cleaned up, not sure. 3. Predictions can be done with K Nearest Neighbors or if you have a better suggestion…KNN Code provided here in iPython Format: KNN.ipynb  It uses a module included here: kNN.py and using this file: video_store_2.csv In the KNN example earlier it states the user picked this, the prediction says this kind of thing…  4. Recommender system article recommender-systems-eml2010.pdf5. I also have an item based recommender system code provided here: itemBasedRec.py Some of the code is missing but it may be useful. This code can be useful too and also applies to filling in the blanks of the itemBasedRec.py code but it may or may not help with this project. Matrix Factorization.ipynb  6. Do some simple regression analysis to see how the ratings predicted to the new ratings given. Some sample code on regression analysis is here: IPython Notebook.html Summary: Import movielens data, train the system, import more data or “users” with their ratings and predict what they will rate each of the movies. Do some analysis on the data. Some regression analysis at the end. Any questions just ask. See below for full descriptions. Deliverables for Application Development projects include the following.A detailed project report, including a description of the system system (including specific techniques and algorithms you used), and the interaction between the components (make references to code segments, modules, methods, functions, as necessary). Your write up should also include description of the evaluation of your system demonstrating its correctness, functionality, accuracy, etc., and the description of the data set(s) used in evaluating your system.Appendices to the main report should include: Complete (actual) sample runs of your program with descriptions, illustrating how your system works, along with any intermediate input or output used for the sample runs.Fully documented code for the system, including any programs and scripts used for data preparation and analysis.Binary files (e.g., executables, DLLs, Class files) or other components necessary to run your program.Samples or detailed descriptions of the data sets used.Readme file containing instructions on how to compile, install, and/or run your program, if appropriate, including relevant references to outside resources used.Here are the official Instructions:Application Development: The development and evaluation of an original application using machine learning and data mining techniques. The goal of this type of project is not to perform a full analysis of a given data set, but rather to perform useful tasks in a given application domain. The application must be tested and evaluated using a specific data set. The application must also involve  the use of one or more of the modeling techniques relevant to the course topics. Your application may also include a significant extension of an existing application discussed in class materials or other sources (in this case, the application must be extended to include additional or more sophisticated types of modeling and analysis). The deliverable for the project must include the fully documented code, distribution files, including any third party sources, installation/deployment documents (including examples, screen shots of test runs, etc.), data used for the application, and a project report providing a description of the components of the application and the results of any evaluation. Many different types of applications are possible, but some examples of such applications include (but are not limited to):Recommender Systems: applications that learn from user profiles to provide personalized recommendations for items in a given domain such as movies, books, products, documents, stocks, twitter feeds, etc.Here are the deliverables for the project:Correctness and Completeness:System provides the necessary functionality to meet all of the project objectives (including those specified in the project proposal).The application and all of its components work correctly and as expected.Algorithms and techniques used are efficient and scalable.The systems includes all of the relevant components necessary for the underlying application domain or task.Design:The use of sound design principles in the system and its components so that the overall architecture of the application is clear and logical.Appropriate use of established software design methodologies to enhance modularity and avoid redundancy.Effective use of interaction design, including appropriate I/O design and effective user interfaces.Different components and pieces are integrated appropriately (so that from the user perspective, there is seamless interaction with the system) .Evaluation:The system has been evaluated thoroughly using appropriate data sets.The evaluation methodologies used are appropriate for the specific application domain and the system objectives.The results of the evaluation are clearly presented and discussed, and if necessary compared to baseline systems or algorithms.Documentation:Adequate evidence (e.g., sample runs on different test inputs) is provided to demonstrate the system functionality as a whole and the functionality of different components.The source code is fully documented.The report provides detailed documentation of the system architecture as well as a description of different components and their interactions.

Python Movie Recommender System

From John Adams Policy to Elbridge Gerry Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Significant Events of the Time Described Position in the Letter Bibliography Footnotes Introduction Struggles for equality and justice have a long history. One of the figures that made a significant contribution to the destruction of slavery as a social phenomenon was John Adams, the second American president. Before the Civil War, he was elected to the State Congress and participated in the development of the Declaration of Independence. He manifested himself as a conservative politician, and during his political career, he more than once came into conflict with the supporters of Thomas Jefferson, the famous American reformer of that era. Adams corresponded with his friend Elbridge Jerry, the American diplomat and the representative of the Democratic-Republican Party. One of such letters1 will be the basis of the study aimed at analyzing historical events and significant facts of that time. Additional materials will be used as supplementary resources. It is supposed that the political position of Adams largely influenced the formation of American democracy and the development of the society as a whole. Significant Events of the Time Described Despite large-scale changes that took place in the political life of America since the signing of the document on the granting of freedoms, difficulties still existed. According to Locke and Wright2, a few years after the revolution, thousands of farmers were in distress due to economic problems in the country. The government was unable to fully recover from the financial crisis caused by numerous conflicts. Therefore, various difficulties with the organization of the labor market and the distribution of resources were constantly manifested. As a consequence, it led to the uprising in Massachusetts, and the riots in the country were the typical feature of that era. The country’s legislation has undergone significant changes. As Locke and Wright3 remark, the Constitution that was proposed for the introduction could influence the political structure of the country and change some orders, in particular, land law and the right to freedom. Adams showed great interest in achieving justice, as the politician wrote in his letter to Mr. Jerry. The US Constitution introduced the post of the elected president, established the presidential republic as the form of government, and consolidated the federal form of the country’s management. These essential changes led to the fact that the new order was established in the US, and the policy of strengthening domestic politics and economy was taken. The financial system and ownership became important topics for discussion during the period under consideration. Locke and Wright4 note the position of Hamilton, the Secretary of the Treasury, who believed that the government played an essential role in the formation of commercial relations within the country. In his letter, Adams5 mentions the current political system as a mechanism that stops innovations and changes. Nevertheless, despite Adams’ criticism, the future president was not against amendments that could positively influence the way of life of the Americans. Establishing statehood and a normal rhythm of life was one of his main goals, and probably these ideas helped Mr. Adams to become the American president and deserve people’s recognition. Position in the Letter Even though Adams is sometimes considered to have been a conflicted politician, he made a significant contribution to the formation of the American democracy and became one of the first figures to proclaim freedom as an inalienable component of life. According to Locke and Wright6, initially, Adams was loved less than Washington, his predecessor. However, it did not stop the new president from establishing a new order in the country and maintaining contact with his opponents. Thomas Jefferson who opposed some new head of state’s methods was able to accept his position, and the two men corresponded regularly. It may indicate that Adams managed to gain credibility. The target audience of the document under consideration was the people of America as the nation that deserved freedom and the possibility to develop normally after a series of uprisings and political turmoil. To earn the trust of the electorate and receive support, the future president was ready to go to great lengths and enlist the support of his allies to prevent further bloodshed. This fact proves that Adams did everything possible to make the US a new state that could be free of racial and other prejudices and ready for changes. The letter7 sent to the diplomat Elbridge Jerry was important for that time and showed the interest of the political elite in taking urgent measures aimed at restoring order in the country. The new legislation and the formation of the previously unused state system invariably left a mark on the country. The task of the authorities was to achieve the fastest and at the same time effective system that would correspond to a civilized society. Adams’ position on the changes of that time proves that the politician had every reason to take part in the new program and do everything possible to make the system work for the benefit of the American people. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Bibliography “From John Adams to Elbridge Gerry, 28 April 1785.” National Archives.2018. Web. Locke, Joseph, and Ben Wright. The American Yawp: A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook. Edited by Tara Strauch, Marco Basile, Nathaniel C. Green, Brenden Kennedy, Spencer McBride, Andrea Nero, Julie Richter, Cara Rogers, Tara Strauch, Michael Harrison Taylor, Jordan Taylor, Kevin Wisniewski, and Ben Wright. Web. Footnotes “From John Adams to Elbridge Gerry, 28 April 1785.” National Archives, Web. Joseph Locke and Ben Wright. The American Yawp: A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook, ed. by Tara Strauch et al., Web. Joseph Locke and Ben Wright. The American Yawp: A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook, ed. by Tara Strauch et al., Web. Ibid. “From John Adams to Elbridge Gerry, 28 April 1785.” National Archives, Web. Joseph Locke and Ben Wright. The American Yawp: A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook, ed. by Tara Strauch et al., Web.

Analysis of Firm’s Losses

MOHIT WADHWANI PRASHUN KUMAR JHA SHASHIRAJ R TANVI BANSAL Part I (10 marks) You run a small firm. Two management consultants are offering you advice. The consultant A says that your firm is losing money on every unit that you produce. To reduce your losses, the consultant recommends that you cut back production. The consultant B says that if your firm sells some additional units, the price will more than cover your increase in costs. In order to reduce losses, the second consultant recommends that you should increase production. Explain which consultant/s is/are factually true and who is offering the correct advice? Explain your answers by drawing the relevant diagram/s. Solution: In the figure below, note that at quantity Q1, AC> Price, (point ‘a’ is above point ‘b’) so the firm is making a loss. Loosely speaking, therefore the first consultant could be said to be correct that the firm is losing money on every unit that it produces. At Q1, however the price is greater than MC (point ‘b’ is greater than point ‘c’), thus, the second consultant is correct that if the firm sells some additional units, the price will more than cover your increase in costs. The diagram above shows that it is the second consultant who is correct. To make profit the firm should produce until Price (P) = MC which means producing until point d. If the firm does this then the losses will turn into profits. Part II (20 marks) (maximum word limit 1500, tables/graphs additional) Competitive forces in the market ensure that today’s big firms will not remain market leaders always. Using data from 1990 to 2012 for the Fortune 500 list of the top corporations in the United States, illustrate how companies fall behind when they stand still, but when they innovate they can leap ahead of the competition Investigate the history of any two of today’s top 30 firms (year 2012). How quickly did they rise through the top 500 rankings? Download data the top 500 for every year from 1990 to 2012 from: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500_archive/full/1955/index.html. Solution 1: History of Yahoo and Google Yahoo!: Yahoo was created in 1994 with an earlier name of “Jerry and David’s guide to the World Wide Web”. The site was a directory organized to work as a searchable index of other websites and pages. Later the name was changed to Yahoo! (Yet another Hierarchically Organised Oracle). Yahoo grew rapidly in 90’s and the stocks were skyrocketing. Google: Google was founded in 1998(4 years later than Yahoo). Google was launched as a search engine to look for other websites over the internet, which later grew drastically with various product lines added to it. Comparison of Yahoo and Google Revenue (in billions) generated by Google and Yahoo in the time period of 2005-2012 is as follows: Year Google Yahoo 2005 6.14 5.26 2006 10.6 6.43 2007 16.5 6.97 2008 21.79 7.21 2009 23.65 6.46 2010 29.32 6.32 2011 37.91 4.98 2012 50.18 4.99 The above graph shows the comparison of the total revenues of the two major US based companies, Google and Yahoo during the period 2005-2012. It can be clearly observed that, while the revenue curve of yahoo is very gentle whereas the curve of Google is very steep. This clearly indicates that the revenue of Google is always increasing with the time whereas the revenue of Yahoo is almost stagnant throughout. Some of the major innovations or decisions that played an important role in the above observations are noted down:- One of the major innovation or idea was of including the advertisement in all its products. This turned out to be a big revenue earner for them. The company reported $10.492 billion revenue from the advertisement segment alone. This was such a boon that in 2011 Google’s 96% revenue was from advertisement. Yahoo on the other hand did nothing big to increase the revenues of the company. In April 1, 2004, Google launched its product Gmail. Yahoo came up with the same idea and launched yahoo mail. Google in reply increased the attachment size to 25 MB along with many other innovation like merging with mobile etc. On the other hand Yahoo kept following the footsteps of Google. As a result Gmail has 425 million users and yahoo lags with 281 million users. The continuous revenue augmentation is not just due to few innovations but the list kept on increasing day by day with Google Calendar (2006), Drive (2012),News(2002) , Play(2008), etc. On the Other hand apart from Yahoo Finance and Yahoo News no other significant innovation was made by Yahoo which initially raised the revenue of yahoo from $10 million to $110 Million but later on it became stagnant and gradually taken over by Google News. Along with the major innovation some great decisions of acquisition too helped Google earn more. Major acquisition includes keyhole Inc (2004), double click (2007) for $3.1 billion. In 2010, Google Energy made its first investment in a renewable energy project, putting $38.8million into two wind farms in North Dakota. In contrast, the stocks of Yahoo plummeted that other companies like Microsoft tried to acquire Yahoo. After the dot-com bubble burst, Yahoo reached a post bubble low of $8.11 a share from earlier $118.75 a share. In year 2008 till 2011 Yahoo was going through the internal conflicts and restructuring of the company which resulted in the downfall of the revenue and market price. On the other hand Google came with the new innovation of Android Operating System which has completely changed the definition of mobile phones in the market and has been successful in acquiring the mobile market by large chunk of 40%. Solution 2: Valero Energy Corporation “Valero Energy Corporation”is a Fortune 500 international manufacturer and a marketer of transportation fuels, power and other petrochemical products. The company owns and operates 16 refineries throughout the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and the Caribbean with a combined throughput capacity of approximately 3 million barrels (480,000m3) per day, 10 ethanol plants with a combined production capacity of 1.2billion US gallons (4,500,000m3) per year, and a 50 megawatt wind farm. Valero is also one of the United States’ largest retail operators with approximately 6,800 retail and branded wholesale outlets in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and the Caribbean under the Valero, Diamond Shamrock, Shamrock, Ultramar, Beacon, and Texaco brands. Valero’s roots grew out of the 1970s energy crisis. At a time when San Antonio used natural gas to fire its power plants, the natural gas subsidiary of Houston’s Coastal Corp. jacked up prices, enraging city officials and residents. Since the 1979 spinoff, Greehey, an outsized personality and bold leader, transformed Valero from Texas’ largest intrastate pipeline company into North America’s largest refiner. In 2006, Greehey ceded the CEO reins to Bill Klesse, a less flashy but exacting Valero executive. Under Klesse’s leadership, Valero’s 2012 revenue of $138.3 billion earned it a spot on the Fortune 500 top 10. The company now has 16 refineries, 10 ethanol plants, 10,500 employees and a wind farm. The graph below explains the rise: It wasn’t always smooth sailing for Valero. It had suffered quarterly losses in a notoriously volatile business, where the see-sawing price of oil — what refiners buy to make fuels — directly affects profit margins. Greehey’s strategy was to build sophisticated units at some plants that could process heavy crude oil that was cheaper to acquire than light, sweet crude. Greehey also went on an acquisition spree. By the mid-1990s, refining was at the bottom of a cycle and refineries were cheap. They could buy at 10 cents on the dollar. The turning point for Valero came in 2000, when it bought Exxon’s Benecia plant in Northern California, its most profitable refinery. Exxon had to sell the plant when it bought Mobil. Valero suffered through difficult years in 2008 and 2009. Demand for its products plummeted and its profit margins evaporated. “Our cash was going out the door,” Klesse said. Valero addressed its problems by shutting down a refinery and selling two others, in addition to borrowing money. It took advantage of other companies’ distress by buying ethanol plants on the cheap. Decision to spend $3 billion in the past three years to build two refining units called hydrocrackers, which break down heavy crude oil into lighter products including diesel and gasoline. One is operating now, and the second will be fired up this year. Hydrocrackers will boost Valero’s production of diesel fuel, which Gheit said earns higher profits than gasoline and is the fastest-growing in terms of global demand. “He’s making good investments.” Social Factors The list of Valero’s giving is long. For 2012, direct donations from the Valero Foundation totaled $13 million, while the 2012 Valero Texas Open/Benefit for Children raised $9 million. Employee and company contributions to the United Way last year came to $11.6 million. AT