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Cost of Capital Calculation in Project Management Report (Assessment)

Summary The cost of capital is crucial for any company. It is the cost of funds that a company possesses both equity and debt. It is necessary for the evaluation of new projects that a company initiates. Also, it is associated with the minimum return that is expected by investors in case they support a project. This paper explains the concept of MECE, interprets the project’s net present value (NVP), and analyzes the process of the relevant cost of capital calculation. Moreover, it presents the calculation of the cost of capital for the given project and reveals relevant factors in determining the project’s cost of capital. Exercise 1 The Concept of MECE MECE is an abbreviation for the term “Mutually Exclusive and Completely Exhaustive.” It usually means the way information is organized. MECE presupposes the organization of information such as ideas, topics, or solutions into the so-called MECE “buckets.” This framework is popular with business consultants because it allows them to decompose the issues of concern and bucket them thus empowering the process of problem-solving. The first component of this concept, which is “mutually exclusive,” is expected to reduce the complexity of an issue through avoiding overlaps. Because MECE is a list, the points of this list should exclude each other, or be distinct. The second component, “completely exhaustive,” means that all the relevant aspects of the issue are considered. In the context of the list, it involves “exhaustion” of the field of interest through including everything that belongs to it. Explanation of an NVP The net present value (NPV) is the sum of the discounted cash flows minus the original investment. where: t– the time of the cash flow, i– the discount rate, i.e. the return that could be earned per unit of time on investment with similar risk, N– is the total number of periods, R– the original investment (with a minus), R– the net cash flow i.e. cash inflow – cash outflow, at time t. NPV of $5 mill for a project means that the sum is equal to $5 mill. Calculation of the Relevant Cost of Capital Calculation of the cost of capital is an integral component of project development. Every project makes economic sense in case its net present value exceeds the planned amount of financing. Therefore, before project budgeting, a company should evaluate the level of project risk related to common business operations. The relevant cost of capital is calculated with the use of formula, which is a blend of debt and equity costs acquired by a company for funding its operations. The formula itself consists of some separate calculations that determine debt, preferred stock, and common stock. The cost of capital is critical for investment decisions of a company and the involvement of outside investors (Schlegel 240). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Exercise 2 Calculation of the Relevant Cash Flow for the Project Every project has its peculiarities in calculations of the relevant cash flow. This concept can be explained as incoming and outgoing streams of money for a company. Cash flow comprises two elements, inflow and outflow. Inflow includes money that a company earns while outflow includes the money that is spent. To calculate the cash flow, it is necessary to compare inflow and outflow for a certain period, a month, a quarter, or a year. In the case of this project, cash inflow may include saving cost on the salary of employees due to their shortage but preserving their wage rate. At the same time, it is possible to hire the same number of workers who agree to fulfill the same range of functions for a lower payment. Cash outflow in the project comprises expenses to support the new technology, amortization expenses, and tax in case the income is obtained. Net cash flow is included in the NVP calculation with the consideration of discounting. Calculations for Year 1 are as follows: 20% of E1: 0.2 · 6 · 106 = 1.2 · 106 company has to pay to transferred personnel, while it could pay 25% cheaper, i.e. company costs on transferred personnel are 0.25 · 1.2 · 106 = 0.3 · 106 or E1 · (0.2 · 0.25) = 0.05 · E1 = 0.05 · 6 · 106 = 0.3 · 106 Therefore, the profit on a salary of reduction personnel for the Year 1 will $ We will write a custom Assessment on Cost of Capital Calculation in Project Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More P1 = E1 · (1 – 0,05) = 0.95 · E1 = 0.95 · 6 · 106 = 5,7 · 106 In Year 2 E2 = E1 200 · 60 · 103 = 18 · 106 P2 = 0,95 · E2 = 0,95 ·18 · 106 = 17,1 · 106 In Year 3 E3 = E2 400 · 60 · 103 = 42 · 106 P3 = 0,95 · E3 = 0,95 · 42 · 106 = 39,9 · 106 In Year 4, Year 5, Year 6… Not sure if you can write a paper on Cost of Capital Calculation in Project Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Et = 700 · 60 · 103 = 42 · 106 Pt = 0,95 · Et = 0,95 · 42 · 106 = 39,9 · 106 P1, P2, P3, … – cash inflow in Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, … The investment is to be depreciated according to the country’s relevant tax code in a straight line for 25 years. The depreciation costs per year will $ D = (180 · 106) / 25 = 7.2 · 106 The company pays 25% corporate tax. If there is positive income, the net cash flow will be on 25% less. The new technology has a yearly maintenance cost of 5% of the initial investment. The cost of new technology maintenance per year will $ M = 0.05 · 180 · 106 = 9 · 106 In the Year 1 cash inflow P1 = 5.7 · 106, and cash outflow D M = 16.2 · 106 Therefore, the net cash flow for Year 1 in $ R1 = P1 – (D M) = – 10.5 · 106 Since it is negative, the 25% corporate tax is zero. For Year 2 cash inflow P2 = 17.1 * 106, and cash outflow D M = 16.2 * 106 Since P2 – (D M) > 0 , the net cash flow will be on 25% less R2 = 0.75 · (P2 – (D M) = 0.75 · 0.9 · 106 = 0.675 · 106 Analogously in the next Years. The central bank in the country has a guideline inflation rate of 2% for the foreseeable future. The discount rate i=0.02 The NVP for each Year N can be calculated on the formula The investment is considered to be risky, but as a similar investment was made 5 years ago with similar technology they have a good track record of the performance. The cash flow and NVP for years 1-5 are presented in Table 1. Table 1. Cash flow and NVP for years 1-5. Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Personnel reduction 100 200 400 0 0 Number of freed 100 300 700 700 700 E 6 000 000 18 000 000 42 000 000 42 000 000 42 000 000 P (cash inflow) 5 700 000 17 100 000 39 900 000 39 900 000 39 900 000 Costs type Depreciation 7 200 000 7 200 000 7 200 000 7 200 000 7 200 000 5% maint new techn 9 000 000 9 000 000 9 000 000 9 000 000 9 000 000 Cash outflow 16 200 000 16 200 000 16 200 000 16 200 000 16 200 000 Cash flow -10 500 000 900 000 23 700 000 23 700 000 23 700 000 25% corporate tax no 225 000 5 925 000 5 925 000 5 925 000 R -10 500 000 675 000 17 775 000 17 775 000 17 775 000 t 1 2 3 4 5 tax rate i=0.02 (1 i)t 1,02000000 1,04040000 1,06120800 1,08243216 1,10408080 Rt / (1 i)t -10 294 118 648 789 16 749 779 16 421 352 16 099 365 NVP -190 294 118 -189 645 329 -172 895 549 -156 474 197 -140 374 832 On the whole, it can be concluded that NVP will be positive in year 15 of project implementation. The detailed data are provided in the excel file that is attached. Relevant Factors in Determining the Project’s Cost of Capital The cost of capital for the project is generally determined by a complex of factors. These are the factors that can be controlled by a company and those that are uncontrollable. Thus, the controllable factors are capital structure policy adopted by a company, dividend policy, and investment policy. The uncontrollable ones are the level of interest rates and tax rates. Consequently, it is important to focus on the controllable ones to ensure the success of the project. Thus, it is necessary to take care of the capital structure and avoid the increase in the cost of debt. The dividend policy of a company should be thoughtful with strict control over the payout ratio. Finally, investment policy should be grounded on careful decisions with risk consideration. Conclusion Summarizing, it should be said that capital issues demand much attention since they determine the company’s income. When planning a project and deciding on its budget, it is necessary to consider all types of costs and provide proper calculations. Thus, the most important calculations for a project that helps to assess its economic sense are the cost of capital and the cash flow. Another crucial calculation is the net present value, which is the difference between the current value of cash inflows and the current value of cash outflows for a definite period and is used in capital budgeting. Work Cited Schlegel, Dennis. Cost-of-Capital in Managerial Finance: An Examination of Practices in the German Real Economy Sector. Springer, 2015.
ECON 201 SEU Calculate the Towns Labor Force Participation Rate Macro Economics Ques.

I’m working on a macro economics multi-part question and need support to help me understand better.

all you need are attached 
You take $500 that you held as currency and put it into the banking system. The reserve ratio is
       equal to 20%.                                                                                             [1.5 Marks]
A)Calculate the money multiplier.
B)By how much will increase the total amount of deposits in the banking system?
C)By how much will increase the money supply?
Q2: At the beginning of 2018, a town has 152,000 employed people and 8000 unemployed people.
      The remaining 40,000 people in the town are not in the labor force.                  [1.5 Marks]
      Based on these numbers:
A)Calculate the town’s unemployment rate:
B)Calculate the town’s labor force participation rate:
C)Calculate Suppose that 10,000 people decide to join the labor force. Of these 10,000 people 7,800 find jobs. What is the unemployment rate at the end of 2018?
Q3: Suppose that the T-account for First National Bank is as follows: –                     [2 Marks]
ECON 201 SEU Calculate the Towns Labor Force Participation Rate Macro Economics Ques

https://www.business.com/articles/popular-management-theories-decoded/ Select one theorist and one practice or principle from the above article. Provide an explanation of the practice or principle from a historical perspective and include examples that you see in current practice today. Draw examples from your own experience, your interview with an emergency services leader, and/or specific research–literature search or library webpage. Include at least two other articles that support your selection. This will be a 2-3 page paper with in-text citations and references in APA Format.

University of Central Florida How Man Should Suffer Discussion

University of Central Florida How Man Should Suffer Discussion.

I’m working on a social science question and need support to help me understand better.

Discussion Prompt: How Should We Then Suffer?The Hebrew name for the book of Psalms is Tehillim, or “Praises.” Perhaps this is what we might expect from a book that concludes its very final chapter, “Let everything that has breath praise the LORD! Praise the LORD!!” (Ps 150:6, English Standard Version). It often strikes modern readers as shocking when they find out the single most prolific genre in the Psalter is “lament.” A lament is basically an expression of woe, a realistic examination of the writer’s tough situation and a raw depiction of the author’s desperation. And get this: This is the liturgical book of Israel! They sang these songs, often in corporate worship!With this in mind, answer the following questions:Why do you suppose there are more laments than anything else in a book titled “Praises”?How do the expressions of lament in the Psalms differ from modern expressions of laments, even from your own laments?Think about your life experience. First, has your background encouraged or discouraged lamenting in your life? Why?What do you think would be the impact of regularly incorporating lament into your life? What would it look like? What might be some challenges?
University of Central Florida How Man Should Suffer Discussion

Sullivan College Preference of Moral Law Over Legal Positivism Discussion

essay writer free Sullivan College Preference of Moral Law Over Legal Positivism Discussion.

I’m working on a law discussion question and need support to help me learn.

After having read Chapter 1, recall the idea that law is the “moral minimum” in a democratic society. Why is the law considered a moral minimum? Is this definition dependent on whether we are looking at the law from the perspective of legal positivism or from that of natural law? Explain in a way that demonstrates your understanding of the difference between these different perspectives. If you had to pick one perspective or the other, which do you prefer? Why?This is my answer;Law is defined as the body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controlling authority and having binding legal force according to the Black’s Law Dictionary. The reason why the law is referred to as the moral minimum is because it suggests for society the bare minimum that is construed as ethical behavior. The law does not police citizens on their every action nor does it prosecute them for all their wrongdoings, however it prohibits behavior that contravenes“moral minimums” (Kubasek, et. al., 2012).The definition of the law being a moral minimum is dependent on looking at the law from a perspective of natural law. This is because the natural law ideology reiterates that the law should be based on a universal moral order and that it exceeds human laws. It takes into consideration morality and that is what “moral minimum” also speaks about. In contrast, legal positivism focuses on the law as it is with no consideration of what is moral or immoral (Mayer, et al.,2014). Natural law is a concept that human beings instinctively follow and is the moral fibre that defines our actions. How a human being acts is typically in response to his conscience and perhaps what is deemed as correct by their religion. However, this might be seen as going against the laws of the state which is where legal positivism and natural law clash. The difference between these two theories can be simply explained as that legal positivism is ‘what the rules are’ and natural law is ‘what is suitable for us as humans’ (OpinionFront, n.d.)The perspective that I would choose between the two is natural law. This is because we do not live in an ideal world where rules can be followed to the letter without taking into consideration the concept of morality and the underlying merits of the law. Natural law considers social context and I believe it is the cornerstone of any democratic society.REFERENCES1.Kubasekundefined, N.K.undefined, Brennan, B.A ., Brownne , M., (2 012 ) . Legal Environment of Business , 6 th Edition . Pearson .2. Mayer, D. , Warner, D., Siedel , G., Lieberman. J.K., (2014). Business Law and the Legal Environment: Executive MBA Edition (Version 1.0). Washington: Flat World Knowledge.3. Understanding ‘Legal Positivism’ is Now Easy WithThese Examples – Opinion Front4. Garner, B.A., (1999). Black’s Law Dictionary : 7 th Edition : West (Thomson Reuters) Publishers . Respond to 5 people. Write if you agree and why. Please provide details. Make it relatable to my original post.Zarah,In my opinion, “moral minimum” is referring to how people are expected to act in society. With this, the law is considered a “moral minimum” because it is supposed to be something that everyone in society can follow as a guide. This way we know what is right and what is wrong. I feel that this definition is dependent on whether we are looking at the law from the perspective of legal positivism or natural law. Legal positivism focuses on the law it’s self which is more so a Rule made by a person in a position of power. Natural law is the opposite because it stresses the laws are created through experiences. This is very similar to the way that I explained “moral minimum” because I feel that it is would make more sense to create laws organically rather than being told how to act. “Moral minimum” would be based on following directions you are given by the person in a position of power with the prescriptive of legal positivism. This is a different kind of moral, so I think natural law is better since it’s based on more so being an overall good person that makes moral decisions. Donnie,The law is considered to be the moral minimum in a democratic society because it can not correct every wrong that occues in society. Its aim is to address the worst kind of wrongs in a society. The difference in ethical behavior and law abiding behavior can be currently seen in our current covid system. Currently anyone that has been vaccinated can go out in public without a mask. While a person that has not been vaccinated may be deceitful and not wear a mask that would be unethical but currently not breaking the law mainly because no lawsuits have been filed to set a precedent. Lets think back to biblical times when the commandments were first written these commandments were basically moral minimums. Thou shall not kill may seem to be pretty cut and dry but what about justifiable homicide, whenever a person feels their life it threatened it is seen to be okay to take a life. This is not dependent on whether you are looking at the perspective of positivism which would say if a law is decreed it must be followed regardless of its fairness to all groups. However it is linked to the natural law perspective in that our laws have broadened and improved as we learned so what started out as a moral minimum has been honed to a more inclusive set of laws with finer points that don’t cut such a wide swath of impact.I would prefer the natural law approach as it has specific statutes regarding the laws, with newer technology it is imperative that we continue to develop laws to address situations that until now were unknown. With upcoming future developments we have no way of knowing what the law will be but have to develop the network to prevent against unethical behavior that could result in unfair treatment to someone. Lakirsta,Moral minimum is a standard or principal upheld as being essential for moral conduct. A specific rule that one should due no intentional harm – which is often considered to be the bare minimum of ethical behavior. The law does not correct every wrong in society. At minimum it curves worst wrongs; the wrongs that violate the moral minimum the community demands of its members (Mayer et al., 2014). After reading the content the force of good and evil is how I define positive law. Natural law gives one a way to point out what is wrong with positive law or the dangers of positivism. One example in our history that supports this point of view are the ancient laws of slavery. Positive law in this case was a force of evil because allowed unvoluntary transactions and did not take into consideration the rights of those impacted. Natural law points out the dangers of positivism.Because of this I choose the natural law perspective, it allows us to point out laws that impact the rights of others and is a powerful way of pointing out when the worst wrongs are immoral and violate the basic moral minimum of human rights.ReferencesMayer, D., Warner, D.M., Siedel, G. J., & Lieberman, J.K. (2014). Business law and the legal environment version 1.0. Flatworld Knowledge. Ciara, The moral minimum is a standard or principle that is upheld and viewed as indispensable for moral conduct. It is the “bare minimum” that is required for ethical behavior. The law is considered a moral minimum because it does not aim to correct every wrong thing that occurs in society but at a minimum, aims to address the worse kind of wrongs. Legal positivism states that “Law is the command of a sovereign.” In other words, law is only law if it comes from a recognized authority and can be enforced by that authroirity. Natural law emphasizes that law should be based on a universal moral order. I believe that the moral minimum can definitely be percieved through Natural Law because it relates to a set of unchanging moral principles that are seen as the basis for all human conduct. One of the most common examples of natural law is the universally accepted and understood notion that killing someone is wrong. This is one of the moral minimums that our law addresses. Legal Positivism on the other hand recognizes the law makers command as legitimate and doesn’t question the laws morality. If I had to pick between the two, I would chose natural law. The examples the text book gave of legal positivism being played out just didn’t sit well with me. lol I would have to be like my girl Rosa Parks and participate in a little civil disobedience if I felt like a law was issued that violated the moral minium or natural law. Benjamin,These moral minimums are in reference to the most general acceptable forms of behavior from society and its members. Therefore the law is what can dictate, uphold and sustain these moral minimums to a standard that can support justice in all the many forms be it intrinsic or far less obvious or substantiative. The schools of thought which encapsulate both legal positivism and natural law assign possible meaning or a principled base (or lack thereof in the case of legal positivism). Legal Positivism suggests that law derive its authority from either science and/or a dictator, king, or otherwise very flawed man. Not only is this kind of abhorrent thinking disasterous historically in cultures and societies that have tried it (in this instance, I would exclude the monarchies that were subject to religious principles although those are not without their noticeable faults and disasters) but thinkers like Niche for example warn of this cultural relativism where man is responsible for cultivating their own values. These bleed into what law would lean on for standards and principles. Naturla law however like natural rights provide a divine bedrock to which prinples and values are firmly built upon. However we know that in the hands on man, we’ve been able to twist and distort justice and truth so terribly that on any given day depending on the county, state, or country (and judge) who hears your case, you can walk out wealthy or strapped to a chair with a bag over your head and a paralyzing agent running through your veins. By this point I think it’s terribly obvious that there is a preference here to natural law. This perference relies on the rationality of a moral value to divine or natural principles. It appears however that in the absence of societal support of this, unmoral individuals game the system and find it easily manipulated over time. Still in any case, natural law in my estimation is the system that allows the most amount of oppoertunity (justice) to prevail successfully, honestly, and fairly.
Sullivan College Preference of Moral Law Over Legal Positivism Discussion

Responding to “Marketing Shapes Consumers Needs and Wants” Coursework

Taking position It is certain that needs and wants exist that must be satisfied by human beings in the course of their survival. Various marketers; therefore, endeavor to gratify the needs of the populace, and they do it through advertisement to inform the public that they stock what they want. I, therefore, disagree with the statement that marketing modifies the consumers’ wishes and wants. Instead, marketing simply imitates the needs and the wishes of the clients. “A defender of marketing would maintain that the marketing system merely reflects society’s needs and wants” (Reynolds

Feminism of Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson, an early 19th century American poet, can be regarded as the most influential, and frankly the most important poet to ever grace the American poetry landscape. Writing as a woman in an ever growing patriarchal society, Dickinson laid out the framework for many young women to express their words, feelings, and thoughts in a brand new discourse unbeknownst before. Never shying away from difficult topics, such as death or dreariness in her everyday life, she highlights a different aspect of life that sets her apart from most poets. While she lived an introverted and isolated life which affected her poems and writing style, her works as well ruptured the boundaries between women’s and men’s traditional writing style. Along with this, she also mixed up her individuality with her traditional self which gives her poems a certain uniqueness. With Dickinson’s connection to her daily life into the poems she writes and feminist writing style, she allows the reader to interpret the emotions she’s feeling at the time, and to find a deeper meaning with her use of poetic devices, specific word choices, and eloquent writing style. In a time where women were held to the confinements of the general male belief that women should stay home, and tend to the man, many women sought to break away. Dickinson broke these social conventions with her unique poetry and writing, speaking out on the women’s role and feminist aspects. In a critical essay written by Shira Wolosky titled, “Public and Private in Dickinson’s war poetry,” she states that, “Dickinson’s modesty, even while it conforms in many aspects with expected and prescribed female behavior, does so with such extremity as to expose and radicalize gender norms” (170). This can be seen in a multitude of Dickinson’s works, such as “We outgrow love like other things”. In this poem, Dickinson writes, We outgrow love like other things And put it in the drawer, Till it an antique fashion shows Like costumes grandsires wore (1-4). Women were taught during this time to conceal all feelings they had, and to not express them in any means. This poem addressing this during the time was even a stretch, as it even concerned the topic when she outlined, “We outgrow love like other things / And put it in the drawer”. By challenging these beliefs, Dickinson calls to action standardized gender beliefs and the way in which people perceive them. With this statement it becomes clear to readers that Dickinson not only writes these poems for her own enjoyment, but for her own good, outlining her thoughts in a time in which they were confined by the greater man. Another way in which Dickinson highlights controversial roles of women in society is when she highlights the stereotypical view of society about women and beauty: beauty is the only “truth” for women to please everyone. Dickinson expressed her thoughts on this when she said, He questioned softly why I failed? “For beauty,” I replied. “And I for truth,–the two are one; We brethren are,” he said (5-8). Dickinson herself was very plain in real-life and did not imagine captivating women as a definition of beauty. Rather, she believed in the beauty that is the truth expressed in words, such as her own poetry. In a review done by Dedman School of Law called “Appearance as a Feminist Issue”, it outlines, “appearance should be a source of pleasure, not of shame. Individuals should be able to make decisions about whether to enhance their attractiveness without being judged politically incorrect or professionally unacceptable” (709). When Dickinson states that beauty and truth are one, it leaves it implied that her own beauty is comprised by her own thoughts on herself, not being shaped by the people around her. By pointing out that women themselves only have the power to define their own beauty, it questioned a greater belief that was always standardized by the dominant male discourse. The “man” defined women’s beauty during this time as a loyal companion tending to their needs, have it being at home, taking care of the kids, or doing chores for their well being. Instead, Dickinson questioned this belief, setting the notion that women were the only person to determine their “beauty”. In some of Dickinson’s works, her messages are not always stated explicitly, but instead implied under a greater meaning. For example in a famous poem written by Dickinson herself titled, “Because I could not stop for Death”, she states, Because I could not stop for Death – He kindly stopped for me – ………………………………. We slowly drove – He knew no haste And I had put away My labor and my leisure too, For His Civility – (1-8). By stating the dominant male character in her writing as “He”, she sets the characterization between the male, and death itself. She goes further to state how “he knew no haste and I had put away my labor and leisure”, to further deepen the meaning of gender norms during the time, and how men have standardized women’s practices around themselves, “for His civility”. By not only incorporating the capitalized pronouns strengthen the dominant male figure, but the way in which she states it brings home the fact how women have tended to the man for too long, setting themselves back in the process. In a analysis done by Emily Rasch, looking at feminism within Dickinson’s writing, she found that, “…the general consensus is that death, in this case, is a symbol of marriage lasting for an eternity. From a feminist perspective, this would be an eternity of living in a world focused around the patriarchy” (230-231). Dickinson never let herself become under the “chains” that marriage entailed, as she never wanted to become confined by the man. She instead was fine with being a single women in a time where you needed a man to be successful, and “provide” for yourself. She outlined these thoughts setting the precedent that many young feminists believe today, in which you don’t need the man to be successful, but instead just yourself. Another message in which Dickinson attempts to convey within her writing is highlighting the patriarchal dominance in which she lived in at the time. Women were dominated in most senses, from their social life to work life, they had no freedom to say what they believed. Dickinson often spoke out on this dominance, and in a poem called “They shut me up in Prose” she states, “They shut me up in Prose– As when a little Girl They put me in the Closet – Because they liked me “still”” (1-4). By leaving “They” implicit, it allows the reader to connect that Dickinson is talking about the “man” or the patriarchal society. She states that they “shut” her up from when she was a little girl, putting her in the “closet”. Through stating this does Dickinson not only connect the social confinements that women lived in during the time, but also the mental confinements, by controlling their thoughts from young ages to their own beliefs. Dickinson not only wrote this piece as a sort of call to action against the dominant patriarchy, but also a form of rebellion, questioning their beliefs on a broader scale. This dominance can be researched even father into modern day as a study titled, “Patriarchy and Women’s Subordination: A Theoretical Analysis”, done by PhD Abeda Sultana states that, “patriarchal institutions and social relations are responsible for the inferior or secondary status of women. Patriarchal society gives absolute priority to men and to some extent limits women’s human rights also” (Sultana 5). Sultana recognizes that women have become a second class to men as a whole, even limiting women’s human rights. Not only did Dickinson warn of this two-hundred years prior, but she spoke out during a time in which was looked down upon. This fact alone speaks to the volume her poetry had, influencing feminist theory today, and beginning to bridge the gap between men’s and women’s rights. With speaking out on on major societal gaps between men and women, Dickinson also highlighted the societal view on religion, and a call to reform on that as well. From an early age Dickinson rejected conventional faith, and disagreed with the Puritan beliefs that her society withheld. Exploring the key ideas in her religious poetry such as death, the Bible, and nature of God, she passionately protests against the misogynist values that religion withholds. She condemns the constricting feminine values of domesticity and submissiveness and also the denial of freedom to woman, which the orthodox religion upholds. This can be seen in one of her poems titled, “The Bible is antique Volume” where she states, The Bible is an antique Volume– Written by faded Men At the suggestion of Holy Spectres Not to be Trusted (1-4). Works Cited “Public and Private in Dickinson’s war poetry,” https://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4667