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Corporate Finance: The agency problem

Corporate Finance: The agency problem. I need an explanation for this Business question to help me study.

The textbook mentions the agency problem wherein managers do not act in the best interest of their principals. Discuss what the agency problem means for firms in Saudi Arabia, especially in the context of Saudi Vision 2030, and whether you have experienced any examples of the agency problem.
Search the library or the Internet for an academic or industry-related article regarding this thesis, as well as its implications for Saudi Arabia and Saudi Vision 2030.
For your discussion post, your first step is to summarize the article in two paragraphs, describing what you think are the most important points made by the authors (remember to use citations where appropriate). For the second step, include the reference listing with a hyperlink to the article. Do not copy the article into your post and limit your summary to two paragraphs.
– 400-500 words. – book: Foundations of finance: The logic and practice of financial management (9th ed.). (CH-1
Corporate Finance: The agency problem

Overview of the document “Capturing Crime, Criminals and the Public’s Imagination” The authors, Lippert and Wilkinson, question the effectiveness of some of the highly embraced surveillance systems like the CCTVs and CS. The authors focus on the privacy concerns about the display of images on these surveillance systems and how they can lead to the apprehension of crime suspects. The question that is explored by the authors here is whether these surveillance systems can be fully deployed in the apprehension of criminals given the fact that criminals are becoming more intelligent. Criminals can now manage to hide their identities even under these surveillance systems. Surveillance footages and privacy The article expounds on the privacy issue, where the authors raise concerns about the privacy level that is violated when the images from the surveillance systems are released to the public for identification and possible apprehension of criminals. Although clear images can be released from the CCTV cameras, the images often contain third-party players. Some of the third party players are the victims of crime. It predisposes third parties to possible risks. Under normal circumstances, criminals who are apprehended using the evidence, that is released by the surveillance cameras are bound to divert their agony to the background players by linking them to their identification or tracking. Therefore, the anonymity issue, which is critical in the detection and apprehension of criminals, comes under sharp criticism because of the use of CCTV surveillance to catch people who commit crimes. The question of embracing anonymity will remain to be rhetorical given the ease with which the CCTV footage can be accessed from the CS website. The authors also bring out another dilemma concerning CCTV surveillance. Some countries, such as Canada, have private guidelines requiring the firms to use CCTVs to notify people of the presence of CCTV cameras. The authors raise concerns about the disclosure of the presence of surveillance cameras and the possibility of compromising the security of the enterprises that have CCTV surveillance. However, questions are raised about the validity of the efficiency of the surveillance systems if all people are notified of the presence of the surveillance systems. It can give a chance to the criminals to conceal their identities under the cameras. While the law requires disclosure, there is no guarantee for the people who enter the stores that such footage is not being transmitted to the security organs. It violates the issue of privacy and anonymity when incidences of crime come up. Customers are sometimes victimized by the security organs, yet the security organs cannot ascertain that the customers are participating in criminal activities. The authors give the example of an erroneous transfer of CCTV footages to the police by a bank in Canada. The bank suspected that a customer was cashing stolen checks. It later turned out not to be the case. It is an example of how the character of the customer can be defamed, in addition to the psychological torture the customer can undergo. Surveillance footages and stereotyping of minorities It has also come to the attention of the authors that the surveillance systems can be used to promote racial witch-hunting. It is evident in several countries like Canada and Australia where the minority groups are overrepresented in the surveillance reports released from the surveillance systems. The authors note that the reports are released after the analysis of CCTV surveillance footage by the CS. The authors term this as the ‘ratchet’ effect, whereby surveillance is used as a means of victimizing the minority groups. Works Cited Lippert, Randy, and Blair Wilkinson. “Capturing Crime, Criminals and the Public’s Imagination: Assembling Crime Stoppers and CCTV Surveillance.” Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal, 2010, pp. 144–46. Web. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More
Harvard University Growth and Development Assessment of the Adolescent Essay.

(Great English is a must!! No grammar errors!)(Paraphrase the paper attached)(Nothing more needs to be done, only paraphrase the document)(NO grammar errors or incohernt senteces)(The document is attached,APA Format)(The number of words should stay close to the original file)File Name : Paraphrase Growth——————————–Task: The document is fully retrieved from external sources due to that it has a high plagiarism percentage. Your purpose is to reprhase each question in order to reduce the plagiarism to under 6% ( make it passable through Turnitin).Other information: DO NOT USE ANY PARAPHRASING SOFTWARES. I already tried them and they fail doing their job. The plagiarism still remains high and the final version is incoherent. Please focus on maintaining the coherency of the document attached. Providing a work which is not coherent will result in a refund.Format:APA FormatNo plagiarism is acceptedNo Grammar errors ( refunds will be asked for incoherent/ full of grammar errors papers)*** The work will be checked for plagiarism through Turnitin by the professor. It is essential for everything to be free of plagiarism otherwise sanctions will be imposed***——–Thank you for your support
Harvard University Growth and Development Assessment of the Adolescent Essay

Post-War Technological Advances | Essay

Post-War Technological Advances | Essay. In the autumn of 1945, Hitler was dead and the war in the west was over. The Japanese had retreated from the Asian countries under their occupation and were determined to protect their homeland till the last man. The Kamikaze attacks of the Japanese Air Force and the militarily expensive battle of Okinawa had driven home the message that a military invasion of Japan would be very dear in terms of human life and could take months to achieve. The official estimate of likely casualties was pegged at between 1.4 to 4 million allied soldiers. The Japanese were obdurate in their decision not to surrender. On August 6, and 9, 1945, the Americans revealed the potential of their weapons technology. Two atom bombs, the “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The allies did not need to negotiate any further. Emperor Hirohito surrendered within a month. The episode, however ghastly, drives home as nothing else, the tremendous ability of technological innovation to increase bargaining power. The post war period has seen the emergence of stunning new technological innovations in diverse areas of science and technology. Many of these have arisen in weaponry and space science and effected major changes in power centres and national equations on a global scale. Technological innovations in other areas have given rise to a slew of products, created billions of pounds worth of assets, shaped huge corporations and generated massive economic empires. The names of Sony, Microsoft, Apple, Google and Nokia, to name but a few, flash through the mental landscape when the issue of innovation comes up. Bargaining power, while being practically tantamount to unionism, is more specifically a tool to enhance control over or influence economic decisions like “the setting of prices or wages, or to restrict the amount of production, sales, or employment, or the quality of a good or a service; and, in the case of monopoly, the ability to exclude competitors from the market.” (Power, 2006) Technical innovations have been principal drivers of change in human society since prehistory and have often created huge economic advantages for its creators or owners. The principal reason behind this is exclusivity, the owner of the innovation being the sole possessor of a particular technological item that can be used to achieve significant economic returns. This exclusivity also gives the owners sharply increased bargaining powers through access to a technology outside the reach of others and meant for the possessors’ sole discretionary use. The owners of the innovation are able to use this bargaining power in various ways, which include speed to market, early mover advantage, setting of prices, fixing of terms of credit, negotiating of contracts, asking of advances, obtaining supplier credit, accessing venture capital or institutional funds and organising alliances with large corporates. The ability to innovate technologically has, on many occasions given its owner enormous economic clout and led to the formation of giant mega corporations. It has verily proven to be the biggest leveller in the marketplace, witness the effulgent rocket trail of the growth graphs of Microsoft and Google and the slow decline of numerous economic giants who have not been able to come up with anything new or worthwhile. When discussing the bargaining power of technological innovation it would be appropriate to refer to Intel Corp and the manner in which it used its technological knowledge of chips to drive home terrific contracts with IBM and other PC manufacturers and thereby transformed itself from a small start up to a successful and respected corporation with an international footprint. Jane Katz, in a 1996 article called From Market to Market for Regional Review elaborates on the great Intel story. IBM, at one time far behind Apple in the PC race, entered into alliances with Intel and Microsoft for microprocessors and operating systems and also took the decision to go in for open-architecture to allow other firms to develop compatible products and to avoid possible anti trust issues. Intel, at that time was an untested company and IBM, concerned about Intel being unable to meet its supply commitments forced Intel to give up its right to license to others in order to supply to Big Blue. PC sales did very well and Intel grew furiously and fast. In any case, this success led to Intel quickly developing the next generation of chips. The number of new players having grown rapidly, thanks to the open architecture policy of IBM, Intel’s bargaining power grew significantly with all PC makers. Thus, the balance of power shifted. When it came time to produce the 286 generation of chips, Intel was able to limit licensing to five companies and retain a 75 percent market share. For the 386 chip and beyond, Intel regained most of its monopoly, granting a single license to IBM, good only for internal use. The market for PCs grew, and Intel became fixed as the industry standard. Ultimately, IBM turned to Apple and Motorola in a belated and still struggling effort to create a competitor to Intel chips, the Power PC. (Katz, 1996) Technological innovation, of course, gives rise to very significant powers in the hands of its owners. It however needs to be remembered that an innovation is no more than another valuable possession, comparable to significant capital, excellent technical skills or valuable confidential information. It needs great commercial acumen, business foresight and knowledge of human psychology to convert this asset into an extremely effective bargaining tool for obtaining a competitive edge or significant economic benefits. All too often, it is squandered away because of an inadequate knowledge of law or business and it is left to others to pick up the pieces and enjoy the benefits. In most cases, innovation is not restricted to one huge big bang or tremor causing development. It is a series of small innovations in the technological development of a product that at one stage results in the emergence of a product sharply differentiated from the others available in the marketplace; a product impossible to emulate or bring into play within the immediate future. A truly innovative technological development is one that makes a giant leap in the benefits to cost ration in some field of human enterprise. It is this quality that sets up the platform for emergence of big bargaining power. Another way of putting this is that an innovation lowers the costs and/or increases the benefits of a task. A wildly successful innovation increases the benefits-to-costs ratio to such an extent that it enables you to do something it seemed you couldn’t do at all before or didn’t even know you wanted to do. Think of the following examples in these terms: the printing press, the camera, the telephone, the car, the airplane, the television, the computer, the electrostatic copier, the Macintosh, Federal Express, email, fax and finally the web. (Yost, 1996) This power that technological innovation gives is used by different people in diverse ways. It often comes the way of young and brilliant techies who decide to sell, using their bargaining power to get the best possible price for their product from available bidders. Sabeer Bhatia and Jack Smith launched Hotmail, a free web based email service accessible from anywhere in the world and designed specifically to give freedom from restricting ISPs. The service notched up subscribers rapidly and Bhatia got a summons from the office of Bill Gates soon after he got his venture capital backing. When he was only 28, Sabeer Bhatia got the call every Silicon Valley entrepreneur dreams of: Bill Gates wants to buy your company. Bhatia was ushered in. Bill liked his firm. He hoped they could work together. He wished him well. Bhatia was ushered out. “Next thing is we’re taken into a conference room where there are 12 Microsoft negotiators,” Bhatia recalls. “Very intimidating.” Microsoft’s determined dozen put an offer on the table: $160 million. Take it or leave it. Bhatia played it cool. “I’ll get back to you,” he said. Eighteen months later Sabeer Bhatia has taken his place among San Francisco’s ultra-rich. He recently purchased a $2-million apartment in rarified Pacific Heights. Ten floors below, the city slopes away in all directions. The Golden Gate Bridge, and beyond it the Pacific, lie on the horizon. A month after Bhatia walked away from the table, Microsoft ponied up $400 million for his startup. Today Hotmail, the ubiquitous Web-based e-mail service, boasts 50 million subscribers – one quarter of all Internet users. Bhatia is worth $200 million. (Whitmore, 2001) Sometimes technological innovation does give a person the power to refuse 100 million dollars, confident in the knowledge that he will be able to bargain for more! While many individual developers or smaller companies favour to take Bhatia’s route, preferring to cash the cheque first, others go for more, develop the product and try to take it to its full economic potential. The biggest hurdle to the exclusivity of a product comes from clandestine copying as Microsoft and the drug majors have found out in South East Asia and China. Rampant piracy and copyright breach lead to a situation where the latest software and drugs are available within weeks of being released in the market. While this problem is being resolved at the national level with both India and China beginning to take stringent action for IPR protection the lesson to be learnt in direct and oblique ways is that the bargaining power of a technological development will vanish, vaporise into nothingness if its exclusivity can not be maintained. While retaining all of its excellence and potential to effect change and bring about improvement, a technological investment loses all of its economic advantage and bargaining power the moment it loses its exclusivity. Humanity gets to be served, possibly even at a lower price, but the creator, individual or organization ends up unrewarded and short changed for all the sacrifice, talent, expenditure and effort incurred in the development of the product or service. It thus becomes critical to arrange for the exclusivity of the innovation if it needs to be used for economic advantage. This is generally done in various ways, an important route being to keep on working at further innovations to add value and to ensure that a significant differentiation always exists between it and other similar products in the marketplace. Microsoft and Google are excellent examples of this approach where continuous RPost-War Technological Advances | Essay

Week 1 Discussion – Differentiating Between a Logo and a Corporate Identity

essay writing service free Week 1 Discussion – Differentiating Between a Logo and a Corporate Identity. I’m working on a Art & Design question and need guidance to help me study.

Week 1 Discussion – Differentiating Between a Logo and a Corporate Identity

Learning Objectives Covered

Analyze the relationship that exists between a logo and a corporate identity

LogosA logo is considered to be the visual representation of a business. Its main purpose is to identify the company to the general public. A logo is most often made up of the company name and some sort of graphic element, symbol, or icon. In a logo, font, color, and overall composition all work together. Ideally, a logo is unique and easy to recognize, inspiring confidence and positive feelings in all who view it.
Corporate IdentityA corporate identity extends the logo across a variety of marketing materials and products to ensure that all products are consistent in design and thus are easy to recognize for consumers. A corporate identity is the company’s image and includes anything visual that represents the company.
Relationship Between Logos and Corporate IdentitiesA logo is key to creating a common visual representation of a company; a corporate identity shows the boundaries for how the logo can be used and how it should appear to the public. In this way, logos and corporate identities have a symbiotic relationship meaning they both depend upon one another to broadcast and promote a business. For example, while the logo for Nike is the iconic swoosh, the corporate identity for Nike shows how and where the swoosh should be used in a variety of settings. When working with a company, the logo is generally the first element designed. Going through the logo research and development process helps clarify the company goals and overall mission. Once the logo is developed, this information also guides the corporate identity, helping set the tone and mood for how all supporting elements appear.
For this discussion, imagine you have been hired to first create a logo for a new ice cream shop. At your first meeting, the owners told you their favorite colors were pink and orange and they really like wacky and wild designs. The owners are looking forward to working with you but are not really sure what information you need from them to best complete your design work.
In approaching this task, what other pieces of information might you need from them to help you develop their logo? What questions would you ask to access that information? Once you have a strong direction for the logo, what sort of things would you need to consider to create a cohesive look and feel throughout the dishes, bags, signage, and postcard advertisements?
For your citation, you might use articles that show examples of the logo and corporate identity design process. You can also find articles from experts that suggest what questions to ask clients when developing a logo.
Your initial and reply posts should work to develop a group understanding of this topic. Challenge each other. Build on each other. Always be respectful but discuss this and figure it out together.
Reply Requirements
Week 1 Discussion – Differentiating Between a Logo and a Corporate Identity

Quality Performance & Management

Quality Performance & Management. Help me study for my Management class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

Action on the IOM Report
An Institute of Medicine (IOM, 1999) report was a wake-up call for both the general public and healthcare providers regarding the problem and tragic consequences of medical errors. According to the report brief, “At least 44,000 people, and perhaps as many as 98,000 people, die in hospitals each year as a result of medical errors that could have been prevented” (IOM, 1999, p. 1). The report recommends a four-tiered approach as a strategy for addressing this problem. Read the IOM report.
These actions have been evaluated in recent years through several approaches. For this assignment, read the initial IOM (1999) report and then evaluate how the healthcare system has responded to each of the four recommendations made in the report. Use two resources to find information about how the US healthcare system is acting on the four recommendations in the IOM report. You may use journal articles, government reports, reports or findings of public organizations, and other authoritative sources. The following are resources of information on the recommendations as well:
The first recommendation (about creating leadership) refers to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Use the AHRQ website.
The third recommendation (about actions of oversight organizations, professional groups, and group purchasers of healthcare) identifies The Leapfrog Group.
Health Policy Brief provides an overview of implementations of this report as well.
Respond to the following:

Which of the IOM recommendations do you feel provides the greatest impact on patient safety? Why?
Assess the US healthcare system’s actions regarding the four recommendations in the IOM report. Which recommendation provides the most impact on patient safety? Which provides the least? Justify your answer.
Provide an overall assessment of how the US healthcare system is performing with regard to patient safety in response to the IOM recommendations.

Quality Performance & Management

When you login to brightspace go to the 9 blocks in the top of your screen. Choose the FIN250 course Essay

When you login to brightspace go to the 9 blocks in the top of your screen. Choose the FIN250 course (personal finance) on the left side of the screen now go to learning modules and MyFinanceLab. Then go to MyFinanceLab “All assignments” Then complete module five homework. NOTE: YOU ARE ONLY GRANTED 3 ATTEMPTS PER QUESTION.