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Cooperative Exporters: The Enhancement of the International Assistance Synthesis Essay

Among the aspects concerning the sphere of international business, the phenomenon of cooperative exporters is one of the most recent and enticing. The activity that presupposes “a large range of arrangements from simple ones without strong commitment” (654), as Tuusjarvi, E. (2005b) defined it, the issue involves selling both the products of the given company and the ones of the other entrepreneurships. Since the phenomenon has been introduced into the world market comparatively recently and deals with the issues concerning business rivalry, its effect on the economics can be considered questionable, which means that the given issue demands thorough exploration. Hence, it is required that the results of the cooperative export on the world economics should be considered. Out of the most important concepts concerning the sphere of cooperative export, one must mark several essential issues concerning the given phenomenon. It is necessary to remember that cooperative exporter owns an export organization, sharing it with the other exporters, and introduces the goods created by the manufacturers to the other countries. Because of the specifics of the institution, the question of the exporter cooperation efficiency arises. One of the most detailed and all-embracing studies on the issue of cooperative exporters is the research offered by Tuusjarvi, E. (2005b), who explores the mechanism of the cooperative exporter work. Offering his own understanding of the role of cooperative export in the world economics and assessing its impact on the economical situation of a certain country, the author clarifies that the partnership between the members of the cooperative enhances the efficiency of the companies, increases the revenues and contributes to the overall economical development of the country in question. Therefore, the necessity to encourage the development of the operative export development is a part and parcel of the present-day economics. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The relation of the article in question to the topic of the research is obvious. With the help of the results provided by Tuusjarvi, E. (2005b), it becomes clear that the cooperative export concept has become a major issue in the modern world and is currently influencing the world economical situation. Hence, the paper by Tuusjarvi, E. (2005b) helps considerably in clarifying that the phenomenon of cooperative exporters may be the turning point of the modern world economics. It is also necessary to emphasize that the research conducted by Tuusjarvi, E. (2005b) correlates with a number of other researches conducted on cooperative exporters. Borst (1990) offers his predictions concerning the given sphere and further on (Borst 1993) comments on the results. Tuusjarvi, E. (2005a) provides a specific example of modern application of cooperative exporting, while Spratz (1994) offers the postulates for the efficient cooperation. In addition, IPCRI (2000) provides certain examples of the problems that cooperative exporters might face. According to the results obtained, the necessity to encourage the world cooperative exporters is absolutely obvious. Helping the world market to prosper and at the same time increasing their own revenues and the revenues of their partners, cooperative exporters are bound to change the world market for the better. With the help of efficient cooperative exporting, one can reach considerable increase in the company incomes, which means that corporate exporters have to be given credit for their impact on the economical situation in the world in general and in certain countries in particular. Annotated Bibliography Borst, A. D. (1990). Guide for prospective agricultural cooperative exporters. We will write a custom Essay on Cooperative Exporters: The Enhancement of the International Assistance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Washington, D. C.: Agricultural Cooperative Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Web. Commenting in the 1990ies situation in the sphere of agriculture, Borst emphasized the necessity to create cooperative exporting relationships, which proved to be correct a decade later. Borst, A. D.,
ART 200 AUPR Ethics of Using Art Advertisement Subjects & Artworks Discussion.

Ethics of Using ArtIntroductionYou may be familiar with the appropriation of one of the most famous works of art, the Mona Lisa. In 1919, Marcel Duchamp drew a mustache and beard on a postcard of the artwork and added a title, L.H.O.O.Q., a pun when the letters are pronounced in French. The work called into question the originality of art and how we define art.Marcel Duchamp, 1919, L.H.O.O.Q. (Public Domain-US)Art has been used for commercial purposes as well, taken out of its original context and repurposed to sell a product. In this discussion, we will look at the ethics involved in using art.Initial Post InstructionsReview the following site for examples of art used for commercial purposes.Link (online article): Advertising Inspired by Famous PaintersThen, address the following parts in your initial post::Part 1 (analysis): Select one example of an artwork used for commercial purposes (from the link provided or from your own research) and address the following:Explore the ethics of appropriating works of art for commercial purposes. Where do you stand? Is this any different than appropriating an artwork, modifying it, and relabeling as your own work (as in L.H.O.O.Q.)? Note: We are looking at the ethics (Is it right or wrong?) not necessarily the legality of the issue. There is a difference. Laws already exist. Familiarize yourself with any existing laws about copyright if you plan on addressing legal issues or changes in laws. (For example, stating that we should obtain permission to use something is already part of copyright law with the exception of works that are 70 years past the artist’s death. Also, laws vary from country to country.) The following articles may be helpful:Link (online article): A Legal Victory for ‘Appropriation Art’ Expands When Artists Can Remix Each Others’ WorkLink (online article): The State of the “Fair Use” Defense in the Art WorldIs the commercial/ad that you selected effective in its use of the artwork? Why or why not? Consider the intent of the ad and the role of the artwork in conveying that intent. Think about why the artwork was chosen to sell this product. Be specific in your response. Does commercialization devalue art or increase its value by making it more accessible to the masses?Part 2 (creation): If you were trying to sell a product, what artwork would you use? Identify the product — be specific.Identify the artwork and explain why you chose this artwork to represent the product.Optional: Mock up an example of what your ad would look like.Secondary Post InstructionsRespond to the posts of two peers by addressing the following:Add to the analysis.What is your personal response to the ads they selected? What is your opinion of the effectiveness?Assess the choices your peers made for artwork to sell a product.This is not meant to be an “I agree” or “I disagree” sort of response, but rather an exchange of ideas and opinions backed with support.Do not repeat your peers’ posts.Do not repeat your own initial post as a response to a peer.Consider the secondary posts like a conversation with your peers. Connect to what was said by going beyond, digging deeper, exploring further.Tips for SuccessWhile the ethics of art is a serious subject, have fun with the selection of an artwork to sell a product.Writing and Submission RequirementsMinimum of 1 initial post and 2 secondary postsInitial post length (suggested): 250-400 wordsSecondary post length (suggested): 200-300 wordsSources cited in APA format (if used)
ART 200 AUPR Ethics of Using Art Advertisement Subjects & Artworks Discussion

SPCH 806 FSW Use of Text Message in Class Room Discussion.

Smartphones. We can’t live without them. Many college students are taking online courses and the debate of whether or not to text in the classroom is not an issue in that environment. However, most students that take online classes are taking “live” classes at the same time. What does your professor do about smartphones in the “live” classroom? Is there a policy for their use?The purpose of this assignment is to think about how texting during class lecture might be affecting our listening comprehension and ultimately our grade in that class. Review the 6 steps of the complete listening process as described in the HURIER model (pages 145 to 147 in our text) include hearing, understanding, remembering, interpreting, evaluating and responding.InstructionsClick on the link FSW database article (Links to an external site.). You will need to sign in with your student ID (user name) and the last 4 digits of your Social Security number (password) to access the article.Read the article titled “OMG! Texting in Class = U Fail 🙁 Empirical Evidence That Text Messaging During Class Disrupts Comprehension” written by Amanda C. Gingerich and Tara T. Lineweaver, published in 2014.Write a 500-600 word reaction essay in APA paragraph format that answers the following questions:What percentage of time do you believe you spend texting in a given class period?Which part or parts of the listening process do you think texting during lecture affects the most?What do the authors of the article say about “catching up” with what you lost during texting?What do the authors recommend that instructors do when the semester begins in terms of talking to the students about texting in class?Did this article change your perspective about texting and listening?To Complete the Assignment:For examples of APA style papers and Reference pages, click on the Library link inside the Student Resources icon to the left of this page.When you get to the Library Home Page, click the Citation Guides link on the left side of that page.Look for APA format.You will also have to add a citation from one scholarly article to your essay.Follow the rubric at the bottom of the page for additional guidelines.Add an APA References list that includes the article above and one outside article.Submit two files: One for the essay and one for the References list.
SPCH 806 FSW Use of Text Message in Class Room Discussion

HHS 460 UArizona Global Campus Research Steps and Application Discussion.

Original HW AssignmentResearch Steps and Application Imagine you are asked to give a half-hour presentation about research in human services. Since this could cover a vast number of concepts, you decide to illustrate the steps of a basic research process using a real-world example from your text. Use the text below from our textbook for a real-world example. In your discussion, state the steps of the research process and propose a fictitious, yet practical, conclusion. If you cannot come up with a conclusion from your real-world example, you may locate and cite a research conclusion from a published article. Explain how this research conclusion could be used to inform human service practice with regards to the problem formulation you selected. (see attached example for this weeks assignment) Text Book:RESEARCH IN PRACTICE 3.1 Practice Effectiveness: Sex Offenders as ParticipantsApplied social researchers often find themselves doing socially sensitive research, research on people who arouse intense and sometimes negative emotions in others—murderers, rapists, prostitutes, or illegal drug users, to name only a few. Such research often involves evaluation research or program evaluations (discussed in Chapters 1 and 12) and can be very challenging, especially in terms of maintaining ethical standards.One example of such research is a program evaluation assessing two methods of treating people convicted of child molestation (Jenkins-Hall & Osborn 1994). The goal of the research was to provide observational evidence regarding which treatment approach is more effective. In conducting the research, the researchers had to consider the rights of the child-molester participants as well as the safety of staff. There were potential negative consequences for each group from participating in the research. The researchers identified three general areas of concern:1. informed consent and voluntary participation;2. confidentiality of data and privacy; and3. protection against dangers that a participant may pose to himself or to others.Informed consent was considered to be so important by the researchers that they incorporated a multiphase consent process requiring participants to give consent at each stage of the process. All clients completed a general consent form that covered the basic requirements of the DHHS. Prior to a comprehensive psychological and social assessment that was a necessary part of the research, the clients completed an evaluation consent form that spelled out the assessment process. Additional consent forms were completed in conjunction with each subsequent treatment component. Given the complexity of the intervention, this multiphase consent process, though unusual, ensured that participants understood the program and were freely consenting to participation throughout the project.Confidentiality and privacy also were considered to be very important because of the negative consequences that might occur to the molesters if information about their participation in the program were ever released. One protection of privacy was the use of federal certificates of confidentiality. Additional steps also were taken: the project was located in a public office building suite and was not identified as a treatment site for sex offenders. Each participant was given a six-digit ID number that appeared on all documents. Names and other identifying information were removed from all correspondence, consents, and records from referral sources. Staff addressed participants by first name only, and information was never released without signed waivers of confidentiality that specified what information could be released and to whom. Because the program involved the delivery of treatment services, each participant was provided with a client advocate who was a volunteer clinician not affiliated with the project; this advocate’s sole responsibility was to protect the rights of the client.In addressing the issue of harm or distress, the researchers considered not only harm to the participants, but also, given that the participants were convicted sex offenders, potential danger to the staff or members of the local community. Several measures were employed to reduce such risks. One concern for the project was quick detection if a participant were in danger of committing another sexual offense. Researchers argued that the project had an ethical and, perhaps, legal duty to protect potential victims. The project provided each participant with a 24-hour crisis call service as well as therapists to deal with minor crises, such as loss of employment or a breakup with a significant other. Over a two-year period, three cases required involuntary commitment of participants because of deterioration in their mental health status. In several cases where the participant was exhibiting negative signs, he was temporarily removed from the project and offered alternative treatment. If a participant who was at risk of relapse failed to follow the terms of a crisis intervention plan, the director of the project was notified and authorities were alerted. Failure to comply on the part of the participant would result in termination from the project.To assure the safety of the staff, the program employed a variety of procedures. Staff were directed to have unlisted personal phone numbers, never to reveal home addresses, never to be alone with clients in the suite, and never to enter a room that was lockable from the inside with a client. Each office and work area contained a “panic button” that sounded an alarm in the office and at the university police office. Entry to the project was strictly controlled so that client interaction with other office building occupants was minimal. Participants were routinely debriefed after treatment sessions to ensure that they would not leave the center in a distressed, agitated, or aroused state.
HHS 460 UArizona Global Campus Research Steps and Application Discussion

Helpdesk Systems for Business | Literature Review

2.0 Literature Review To most efficiently explore these issues surrounding helpdesk systems, a subsection of literature has been selected based on its relevance to the following questions. Research questions: Why a helpdesk system is important to a company’s functionality? What helpdesk systems do end users when collaborating with IT staff to resolve technical problems? Why is it important to effectively introduce and implement the use of a new system in a Company? Why do companies hire IT outsourcing rather in-house? A search of the library catalogue database shows that Journals and other popular media research articles of modern online helpdesk system. Researchers have voiced both pros and cons enacting user satisfactory interactions at helpdesk systems. This review of the literature focuses on the information presented in peer-reviewed journals and articles, in the expectation that these conclusions are based more on wide-ranging research and systematic analysis of the issues. 2.1 Why helpdesk system is important to a company’s functionality? “Without a good Helpdesk software, IT department can begin losing the ability to effectively provide employees with the technical support they need to do their job” (Ismaili, Balki

Studying New Age Tourism Potential In Kerala Tourism Essay

essay writer free Tourism seeks greener pastures for its growth and in this century every dimension of human culture has the potential to become a ‘tourism product’. Gauging the potential of variety, the products that are offered in new age tourism varied from alternative healing methodologies, avenues for aesthetic development, discourses by spiritual gurus and innovative tourism practices. This variety in tourism product resulted in the evolution of centres of attraction, which are almost three times more growth potential than the classic tourism market. Kerala is considered as the first State in India, which had initiated steps to exploit the emerging market of new age tourism and is now providing with wide and varied centres of attraction like aesthetic development, experiential and personalised self-development, and alternative approaches to health care. This study is of the view that there is a need for Certification of these New Centers of tourist attractions which will ensure quality of service provide and finally will boost tourism in Kerala. Introduction The history of tourism industry depicts a picture of exponential growth and increasing diversity. The number of activities and experiences that can be categorised as tourism has increased significantly and now every dimension of human culture has the potential to become a ‘tourism product’. It is rightly opined that tourism seeks for greener pastures to grow and expand. It uniquely celebrates ‘differences’ in places and peoples to create novel experiences (Tejvir, 2004). Gauging the potential of variety, the products that are offered with new age tourism varied from alternative healing methodologies, avenues for aesthetic development, discourses by spiritual gurus and innovative tourism practices. This variety in tourism product resulted in the evolution of centres of attraction, which are almost three times more growth potential than the classic tourism market. Now tourist destinations are not seen as set of distinct natural, cultural, artistic and environmental resources but as an overall product, a complex and integrated package offered by a territory able to supply a holiday, which meets the varied needs of the tourist (Maria and Peter, 2006). The New Age faction has grown significantly since its emergence in the 1950’s and 1960’s (Dallen and Daniel, 2006). Originally, it was a counter-cultural movement, interacting with other counter-cultural movements of that time, such as the ecology, hippie, and commune movements. During the last decades, spiritual and esoteric methods have been popularized and commercialized by an expanding market of literature and workshops. This has made New Age a socially accepted phenomenon and it has thus lost much of its anti-modernist and culture-critical character. Objective of the study The main objective framed for this study is to analyse the available potential of tourism in Kerala vis-à-vis to the New Age Tourists. The other objectives are as follows To identify the basic motivations of tourists visiting Kerala. To analyze the socio-demographic profile and the image of the destination from the tourist perspective. To examine the activities undertaken by tourists and the usage of usage of tourism intermediaries and suppliers. Study Area The new age destinations are facing a challenge to manage and organize their resources in order to supply a holiday experience that must be equal to or better than the alternative destinations experiences on the market (Maria and Peter, 2006). Hence Kerala can be considered as the first State in India, which had initiated steps to exploit the emerging market of new age tourism. As is rightly opined by Professor Peter Cochrane ‘Travel has long been with us. Virtual reality is well upon us. Experience is already being revealed in tourism to the extent that it may now be the key objective of today’s traveler’ (Khan, 1997). It is this urge of the present day traveler which made the tourism authorities in Kerala to developed wide and varied centers of attraction like aesthetic development (Kalamandalam – art, drama and music); experiential and personalised self-development, (courses on meditation, personal relationships and self knowledge and finally, courses on alternative approaches to health care (Ayurveda massage for body rejuvenation). Moreover, it can also be opined that the primary sector comprising of agricultural allied operations is stagnant and tourism is considered one of the alternative strategy that can be adopted to regenerate the economy especially in the rural area (Tribe, 1995). During the last decade, one can witness the development of tourist resorts where packages are provided where all the above amenities are clubbed together. The study area was restricted to Kovalam, Varkala, Guruvayoor, Vallikavu, Kumarakom and Munnar. Out of this Kovalam and Varkal are beach resorts, Munnar, the famous hill resort and Gurvayoor and Vallikavu are religious centers. Methodology Both primary and secondary data was used for the study. Through the primary survey, we tried to analyse the demographic profile, visitor motivation, activities indulged at the centre and duration of stay. Statistical tools like correlation analysis were used to analyse the expenditure pattern and duration of stay of these visitors. Results and Discussions Driven by a buoyant economy and increase in the purchasing power of the middle class population along with the rising interest towards oriental culture and values, one can witness an increasing shift of tourism traffic towards India. From the Figure – 1.1, it is clear that the tourist flow to India is showing an increasing trend. Only the moths April to June can be considered as slump period while peal flow is observed during the tourist season October to February. * = Provisional Source : Ministry of Tourism, GOI Likewise, only the off season period between April-May, one can observe a short fall in the tourist earnings. The efforts made by the Central government along with the sufficient support of various State Governments to make tourism a yearlong affair, can be clearly observed in the Figure – 1.2 shown below. * = Provisional Source : Ministry of Tourism, GOI Though with vast potential and diversity in the products that can be offered by India, yet it ranks only twenty-second. Hence, India was not able to harness its multiplier effects for employment and poverty eradication. The recent policy changes like liberalization in aviation sector, rationalization of tax rates in the hospitality sector, tourist friendly visa regime etc is imperative to boost the tourism sector in India. Tourism in Kerala Domestic tourist arrivals (excluding pilgrims) rose from 52.40 lakhs in 2001 to 59.46 lakhs in 2005. Thus in five years, annual growth rate for foreign and domestic tourist arrivals are respectively 13.27% and 2.69%. According to the study of World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) on tourism sector in the State, Travel and Tourism generates as much as 7.7% of GSP and 6.2% of total employment. Visitor exports (tourism receipts) are worked out as 14.3% of the total export of the State. Figure : 1.3. Earnings from Tourism Source : Economic Review, 2006. Figure – 1.3 provides a clear insight into the earnings from Tourism between 2001 – 2005. It can be observed that the foreign exchange earnings during 2005 is Rs. 1552.31 Crores and the total earnings from the tourism sector is Rs. 7738 Crores. The Economic Review highlights that the Tourism sector employs around 10 Lakhs persons in the State. As per the estimates of World Tourism Organization (WTO), propelled by the tourism and business travel boom, India needs an additional 300,000 by the year 2020. When we analyzed the expansion plan of various tourist markets in India, it is observed that Kerala is considered as a potential tourist zone, yet the expansion plan should be further strengthened to accommodate the needs of the tourists. Figure 1.3 illustrates the new room supply expected to be included in the key tourist zones. Potential of Spiritual Tourism in Kerala It is the Greeks and the Romans who cultivated the quest of well being through Spiritual tourism. One can also observe that the followers of majority of the religions used to undertake spiritual journeys at least once in a year. It is rightly opined by Timothy Dallen that spiritual tourism as the “oldest and now one of the fastest-growing segments in the travel industry.” The new breed of spiritual travelers likes to enjoy spiritual enlightenment without giving up their comforts, which resulted in this being added as an important component of ‘New Age Tourism’ (Greg, 2007). Various studies had pointed out that many thousands of tourists visit India for various types of spiritual interactions with ‘diety’ or ‘godman’. Though there are reservations against comodifying religion and to put holy places into spot light for mass consumption and to make holy things unholy, yet one can observe that the lines between mass tourists and religious tourists are becoming increasingly blurred. Even spiritual tourism is seen by many government and tourism officials as a way to either diversifying or save struggling economies (Dallen and Daniel, 2006). There exist difference of opinion about whether spiritual tourism is related to escapism from the self to an entirely different environment that offers pure relaxation, or, an opportunity to renegotiate one’s place in the world and relationships. In extreme cases, it might be about confrontation of the world’s darker side and human tragedy, a reminder of one’s mortality and place in a universal cycle (Steiner and Reisinger, 2006). This kind of exploration arguably has philosophical and spiritual dimensions, which can make one’s minor troubles, seem relatively insignificant. Katusuhiko Yazaki who is the Japanese mail-order multimillionaire opined that ‘We cannot find true meaning in life by occupying spacious residences. At some point people will need to raise their desires to a higher level’ (Khan, 1997). His illusion is that we have material possessions but for fulfillment, we need something beyond them, which urged the present day traveler to undertake spiritual journeys of self-discovery. These spiritual journeys make the traveler feel that he is just a minute component in the massive super structure called Universe. The study observed that majority of the tourists selected for the study falls in the age group 35 – 45 and 45 – 55. It is surprising to note that in both the groups majority of them is from the female group rather than male. This can be attributed to male ego, which refrain them speaking aloud about their personal life or difficulties. The study also observed that there exists a positive correlation ( .73) between income and expenditure on spiritual journeys. Majority of the tourists are from the higher income group due to which there demand for quality in services is much higher than the others. The Gurus or Godmans are of the view that when the tourist (patient) feels confident and energetic without any negative side effects literally provides them the assurance that the treatment had achieved its ultimate objective. Potential of Health Tourism in Kerala From the Medieval Age one can trace the elements of health tourism like the scrupulous attention paid to well-being of Romans and Greeks (Melanie and Catherine, 2006) along with the development of seaside and spa tourism of the 18th and 19th century by the European elite which continues even now though at a much faster rate. The House of Lords opined that the proliferation of wellness centers, holistic retreats, spas, spiritual pilgrimages, and complementary and alternative therapies is unprecedented (House of Lords – Report, 2000). Experts came forward with various theories to justify the sudden spurt in growth. Some of them are of the view that the anomie of the western capitalist societies, the breakdown of traditional religions and the fragmentation of the communities. Though the advancement made in the field of medical science had resulted in the development of curative care for major diseases, yet one can observe that the psychological and emotional problems of man are left untreated. Depression is commonly cited as being one of the greatest disease burdens of the 21st century and suicide rates are rising, especially amongst young men (e.g., Mealanie Smith and Catherine Kelly 2005). This can be attributed to high pressure he should withstand in a performance related pay-package work environment. But the only viable solution that is left for the mankind is to indulge in Health Tourism. Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, deals with both the preventive and curative aspects of health in a most comprehensive way. Besides contributing to maintenance of health, it also has a wide range of therapeutic measures to combat various illnesses. Though the art of Ayurveda had spread around in the 6th century BC to Tibet, China, Mongolia, Korea and Sri Lanka, yet one can witness in Kerala that this medical system is still being practised and perfected by the ‘Kalari Gurukals’ who are considered as the master of the traditional martial art of Kerala ‘Kalari’. Vogue magazine once opined that ‘Technology is destroying us…Nature has a remedy for every illness, an answer for every problem (Khan, 1999). It is from this view that the strength and growth of Ayurveda lies. Kerala is the only state in India, which can boast of making concerted efforts to promote health tourism in a big way, which has resulted in a substantial increase of visitor arrivals into the state. Kerala and ayurveda have virtually become synonymous with each other. The study observed that many of the health resorts are located in beach resorts like Kovalam and Varkala. Yet one can also observe that the serene hill resorts of Kerala also attract health tourists in sizeable numbers. Like all other form of tourism, Health Tourism also attracts mainly the affluent sections of the society. It is observed that both man and woman of various age groups are showing considerable interest in ayurveda and body rejuvenation therapies. Kerala can also boast of having the best pool of ayurvedic physicians and masseurs who are effectively trained and added to the resource pool by the many number of ayurvedic hospitals. When we made a correlation analysis with that of the total expenditure incurred by the tourists, it was observed that the correlation value is 0.89. Though the study observed that many of the ayurvedic health resorts are available in developed countries yet majority of them feel that it only at the origin of the practices, they feel that they had received optimum service. The study observed that though there is negative opinion about the effectiveness of certain therapies of ayurveda yet the people are of the view that it has placebo effect. Potential of Culture Tourism in Kerala Cultural tourism has been identified as one of the most rapidly growing areas of global tourism demand. Cultural tourism is about people traveling for cultural motivations and is measured by determining whether the travelers attended activities and venues such as festivals, exhibitions, theatre performances or historic sites. Kerala can boast of a unique Dravidian culture and tradition. It is because of the uniqueness, Kerala can boast of a unique standard of living, which is very different from the rest of India. This unique model is popularly known as the Kerala Model of Development. Hence both domestic and foreign tourists want to have a first hand experience about the social and cultural wealth of Kerala. Along with various historical sites, Kerala also boast of unique centers of learning where can both witness the art forms of Kerala. Moved by the unique nature, many of the tourists got enrolled in these centers of learning like Kalamandalam. The study observed that though various tour packages had included short duration performance by the traditional artists, only the dedicated ones like to purse these art forms. The short duration performance also enhanced the sales prospects of art souvenirs of Kerala. From the table given below, one can observe that the highest consumer group of cultural tourism in Kerala is the foreign tourists. Table – 1.1 Trend in Expenditure Pattern of Foreign Tourists Activity Foreign (in percentages) Domestic (in percentages) Shopping for Souvenirs 78 52 Local Cuisine 63 48 Historic Buildings 81 67 Other Findings The other findings of the study are as follows. Though both the foreign and domestic tourists are satisfied with their visits, yet majority of them opined that there is still scope for improvement. From the study, it is clear that the tourists irrespective of the area to which they belong, depends on internet for their information needs. The study also observed that spiritual and cultural tourism is most preferred by domestic tourists than international tourists. The period of stay is higher for the foreign tourists than the domestic. It ranges between two to four days for the foreign tourists while majority of the domestic had a shorter stay of less than three days. The size of the group comprising the domestic tourist is much higher than the foreign tourist. Hence it is clear that the emphasis for domestic tourist is quantity and for the foreign tourist it is quality. This also conveys that for the domestic tourist, time is an important criterion whereas for the foreign they don’t give undue importance to time factor. Finally, it can be opined that that the foreign tourist is very selective about the type of accommodation whereas the domestic tourists are satisfied with the available accommodation at the area. Conclusion

Emory University The National Institutes of Health Research Paper

Emory University The National Institutes of Health Research Paper.

Between 2004 and 2007, the National Institutes of Health conducted a STEP study.The STEP Study is the name of a clinical trial to test an experimental human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine that aimed to stimulate production of immune system T cells that can kill HIV-infected cells. The study enrolled 3,000 participants at sites in Australia, Brazil, Canada, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Peru, Puerto Rico, and the United States.On the basis of its first evaluation of vaccine efficacy, the findings were as follows:There were 24 cases of HIV infection among the 741 volunteers who received at least one dose of the investigational vaccine.There were 21 cases of HIV infection among the 762 volunteers who were vaccinated with a placebo.In volunteers who received at least two vaccinations:There were 19 cases of HIV infection among the 672 volunteers who received the investigational vaccine.There were 11 cases of HIV infection among the 691 volunteers who received the placebo.The investigators of the vaccine trials have decided to cease immunizations and are contacting study volunteers to inform them of the developments.Prior to beginning this study, how would you have described the risks and benefits of the study to participants? Share your thoughts and discuss the ethical issues surrounding this study at the beginning and at the time the decision was made to terminate the study.Justify your response using examples and reasoning. Comment on the postings of at least two classmates, explaining whether you agree or disagree with their views.Reference:National Institutes of Health (2007). Immunizations are discontinued in two HIV vaccine trials. Retrieved from…Evaluation Criteria:Provided at least one risk and one benefit.Discussed at least two ethical issues at the beginning and two ethical issues at the end of the study.Justified answers with appropriate research and reasoning by using examples and references from textbooks, the South University Online Library, and other acceptable references, citing the sources in APA format.Commented on the postings of at least two classmates by asking questions, providing a point of view with a rationale, challenging a point of the discussion, or making a relationship between two or more points.
Emory University The National Institutes of Health Research Paper

ATH 175 Miami University Shakespeare in the Bush by Laura Bohannan article Questions

ATH 175 Miami University Shakespeare in the Bush by Laura Bohannan article Questions.

1. Answer one question on each of the three unit readings. Be sure to indicate which question you are answering. Answer one of the following on Bohannon, “Shakespeare in the Bush”:What lesson about culture do you take away from the Bohannon article?Can you think of any stories you’ve been told from other cultures — perhaps myths or fairy tales–where the elements may not have meant what you thought they did?Do you think Bohannon was wrong to skip central aspects of the story, such as Hamlet’s soliloquy? Do you think such elements would have helped or hindered Tiv understanding of the play?Why did the Tiv, hearing the story of Hamlet from Shakespeare, decide that Laertes was a witch?Did you discover any ethnocentrism in Bohannon’s article? From whom, and what did they say?Answer one of the following questions on Lee, “Eating Christmas in the Kalahari”:Why did Richard Lee feel obligated to give a valuable gift to the !Kung at Christmas? Why did they think he was a miser? Were they being ethnocentric?Why did the !Kung people’s insults about the impending gift bother the anthropologist so much? Were the people treating him in a special way?What does Lee mean by saying, “There are no totally generous acts?” Do you agree?Briefly compare rules about gift giving in !Kung society and your own society.Answer one of the following questions on McCurdy, “Using Anthropology”:What kinds of jobs do professional anthropologists do?What is special about anthropology that makes fundamental knowledge of it valuable to some jobs?What is meant by qualitative research? Why is such research valuable to business and government?What difficulties did the company manager described in this article face? What solutions did she invent to deal with them? How did her knowledge of anthropology help her to deal with this problem?Why is ethnography useful in everyday life? Can you think of situations in which you could use ethnographic research?2. Answer one question on each of this week’s assigned readings. Be sure to indicate which question you are answering. Saldanha and Klopfer “On Seeing Monkeys, Cows, and Beggars: Between Ethnography and Tourism” (2014)Saldhana and Klopfer suggest that how you dress, and even how you sit or stand can affect one’s relationship with research subjects. How might such concerns make fieldwork very difficult?How does ethnography differ from what the Saldhana and Klopfer call “research tourism”?Briefly summarize two cultural encounters that the authors find problematic. What does this suggest about the challenges of studying and understanding other people’s cultures?Bourgois, Crack in Spanish Harlem (1989)What role does racism play in the reproduction of the culture of drugs and addiction described by Bourgois?What is the “cultural logic” behind expressions of violence in the culture Bourgois describes?Why does Bourgois argue that drug dealers in Spanish Harlem are pursuing the American Dream?Mulock, Ethnography in Awkward Spaces: An Anthropology of Cultural BorrowingBriefly describe the kind of “cultural borrowing” that Mulock explores in this article. Why is such borrowing problematic?Why did the author hesitate to carry out research among Australian aborigines (indigenous Australians)?What insights does this provide into the way culture is appropriated by New Age groups. What motivates white Australians to participate in such appropriation?Briefly describe how the author undertook her field research. Why did she find it so “awkward”?Write two docs separately. Each doc needs to answer 3 questions
ATH 175 Miami University Shakespeare in the Bush by Laura Bohannan article Questions