In Renaissance culture, virtues and ideals for men and women differed. The ideal man was noble, courageous, courteous, and excelled in court/knightly behavior as seen in several books of Spenser’s The Faerie Queene. The ideal woman’s virtues were patience, humility, chastity and above all, constancy. Constancy is the overwhelming theme in Lady Mary Wroth’s sonnet sequence, Pamphilia to Amphilanthus. Pamphilia is overcome with love for Amphilanthus, but his inconstancy is what grieves her the most.
She is lost in a world of pleasure and pain where Amphilanthus is the creator of both emotions. Her most hopeful desire is that Amphilanthus will live up to be the man she always knew he could be and ultimately be faithful to her. While her emotions are anything but constant, her desire for “true love” takes her on an emotional journey where she “seeks to discover the truth of her own feelings. ” (Roberts, 44. ) Constancy is her closest companion on this journey and it is constancy towards the divine where she ultimately finds her comfort.
In order to prove that constancy plays such an important role in this sonnet sequence, Lady Mary Wroth does three things: she shows how far inconstancy is from true love, she portrays how Pamphilia has emotional inconstancy due to her betrayal by Amphilanthus, and then shows how Pamphilia comes to terms with her constancy and what changes in her life she vows. Lady Mary attempts to prove to the reader that Pamphilia’s constancy in her love to Amphilanthus shows that her love is what is considered true, or virtuous love, while Amphilanthus’ inconstancy is what in fact makes him un-virtuous when he proclaims that he loves Pamphilia.
In Sonnet 3, lines 7 and 8, Pamphilia says that love burns in her so deep that it exiles “thoughts that touch inconstancie,/Or those which waste nott in the constant art,” This sonnet allows Pamphilia to express her ideas that for those people who have love so far inside them that it only allows them to love purely. No thoughts of infidelity or inconstancy touch those who truly love. 2 In the Crown of Sonnets, (sonnets 77-90) also known as the corona, Lady Mary uses Pamphilia’s voice to address love, and dedicate this part of the sequence entirely to true love.
In Sonnet 85, Pamphilia says that if we use Cupid, as a teacher of what true love is, then we learn that two hearts and two bodies come together in love to make one mind, and in fact one person. This alludes to the idea that only those people truly in love rise above all else to come together and form one complete human. This is a concept seen in Plato’s Symposium. People who are meant to be together are constantly looking for the other person who completes them.
This is an image used for true and constant love. Lady Mary uses this image to promote the idea that Pamphilia feels that if Amphilanthus’ love was as constant for her as hers is for him, then they would truly be happy and one as sonnet 85 suggests. After Lady Mary sets up the idea that constant love is what would make Pamphilia (and in essence all of humanity) happy, she shows how the inconstant love of Amphilanthus has destroyed Pamphilia’s self control and has made her own emotions inconstant towards her.
In Sonnet 16, she talks about how she has been conquered by love and attempts to free herself of this earthly burden. She does in fact declare herself free, only to discover at the end of this sonnet that she has lost her liberty and is still a captive. In that very sonnet alone we see how fragile and inconsistent her feelings are regarding the power love has over her. Another way Pamphilia
The reader has the sense that she is not upset with Love, or Amphilanthus, but she has decided to him go, and let her constancy be focused on God. She says only in eternal goodness can there be true joy. While many scholars have criticized Lady Mary Wroth’s work as boring and tedious in reading, her sonnet sequence, Pamphilia to Amphilanthus, shows Lady Mary’s dedication to romance, poetry and virtues in the tradition of her uncle, Sir Philip Sidney. While many themes can be looked at in this sonnet sequence, nothing is more prominent than the Renaissance idea of constancy.
Richard Bear, from The University of Oregon says, “Constancy is an extension of the 5 medieval virtue of chastity. ” In fact, constancy, represented in Pamphilia to Amphilanthus is described as the dedication of lovers. It is this fidelity that makes a relationship a virtuous one, and according to Lady Mary Wroth, true love. Constancy in this sonnet sequence is shown not only by Pamphilia’s dedication to Amphilanthus, but it’s contrast, inconstancy, is also shown by Pamphilia’s own emotions. Her feelings and emotions betray her just as much as Amphilanthus does.
She is lost in the labyrinth of her heart and cannot find the way out. She turns to God as her ultimate, most trusted “lover” and therefore dedicates her life to Him and to serving her country. She knows Amphilanthus is not worthy of her despite how much she cares for him. Therefore she comes to the conclusion that constancy proves honor. To Pamphilia, dependability, faithfulness and constancy are the highest virtues, therefore vowing to not focus on the “unpredictability of human emotions” (46) but her service to God and her people.
Create and post a PowerPoint presentation of 10-15 slides with notes (100 words per slide) that synthesizes the ideas from
Create and post a PowerPoint presentation of 10-15 slides with notes (100 words per slide) that synthesizes the ideas from the first two papers into a formal proposal. The slides should generally cover: A thorough description of the organization (Section 1 of Writing Assignment 1). Illustrations of the organizational hierarchy and structure (Section 2 of Writing Assignment 1). A thorough description of the organizational culture (Section 3 of Writing Assignment 1). An overview of the social entrepreneurship model followed (section 4 of Writing Assignment 1). An overview of communication and productivity problems or issues (Section 5 of Writing Assignment 1 and Section 1 of Writing Assignment 2). Presentations should thoroughly analyze the relevant theories, practical social media solutions, benefits, and drawbacks for each of the problems (Section 2 of Writing Assignment 2). The last section of the presentation should explain the course of action the student recommends. While some very valuable social networking happens offline, students should focus much of their research into solving the organization’s problems on using social media technologies. Instructors might require that at least one possible solution use technology, depending on the individual student’s scenario. Your slides should follow APA 6th edition guidelines for references and in-text citations.