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Conditions Leading To Maos Rise To Power History Essay

My topic is Mao and his rise to power. The specific research questions is to what extent did social and political conditions lead to Mao’s rise to power. I will specifically look into the conditions in Chiang Kai Shek’s regime which led to the rise of Mao. I am interested in this topic due to my personal family history. My mother’s maiden name is Chiang and lived in Taiwan until migrating to the United States, where her name was changed to Jeang due to phonetic spelling. To answer my research question I will be visiting different college libraries for strong sources as well as getting books from used sites and using the internet. From the sources I will take notes to help organize my paper as well as outlining my paper with note cards. In section B I will summarize my evidence that I have gathered from my sources. In section C I will evaluate my two best sources which are: The Unknown Story of Mao and China: A New History for their validity. In Section D I will analyze and answer my research question. In section E I will write a conclusion and in section F I will have a list of my sources. Summary of the Evidence To strengthen the newly formed communist party within China, Moscow ordered the small group of communists in China, including Mao, to join the nationalist party. To add greater number to the hope of the nationalist leader, Sun Yat-sen of building a Chinese army and overthrowing the imperialist Chinese(Stuatt and Schram) Sun was hoping to use Moscow to fund and train the army while Moscow was using Sun to overthrow the imperialists (Chen). After triumphs in revolution Ch’en Ch’i-mei was name the president of the Chinese republic until his assassination in 1916. Sun fell out of favor and returned to canton while Chiang Kai Shek stayed as the Sun’s chief of staff. In this position he rose in favor among the Moscow leaders of the communists and nationalists. While in military positions, Sun died leaving behind a power struggle. Winning the fight, Chiang became the foremost leader of the nationalists along with the help of newly gained support from the Moscow representative, Michale Borodin (Brandt). While in power Chiang got rid of leading communists and tried to carry out Sun Yatsen’s dream of nationalizing China. In a series of military triumphs wealthy and heavily populated provinces of southern, central, and eastern china became nationalistic. In the beginning of Chiang’s reign he presided over a time of the most peaceful times in their most recent history without war (Lattimore). The cities made huge improvements focusing on building more modern and urban development. Despite the progress Chiang was unable to help the rural areas of China which remained extremely poor and getting support for his “New Life Movement” (Dolan). His social program to introduce the masses into military discipline and Confucius ideals failed and fermented resent. At the same time Japanese aggression toward the Republic of China increased. These situations allowed for communism to regain a foothold and regain its popularity (Chang and Halliday). When Nationalists were forced to join with the communists to hold back and form a united front against Japan, Chiang increased in popularity and became a national hero larger than before. After his victories Chiang was named the Tsung- tsai or party leader of the nationalists. But despite this problems were beginning to reemerge and grow. The economy began to fall out of control and a formal break was imminent between the nationalists and the Chinese communist party. At this time World War II was about to begin grow larger with the introduction of the United States against the Japanese. Despite attending world diplomatic councils with the Great Power Chiang was ignored. This escalation wearied the Chinese who had been fighting continuously. This led to the Communist party openly fighting with the nationalists in a civil war (Crozier). Overconfidence on behalf of Chiang led to serious mistakes that led to the fall in Peiping and eventually his exile to Taiwan. Mao rose through the rankings of the Chinese communist party with his ability to delegate jobs to those who were willinging (Fairbank and Goldmann). His first step toward major elevation within the party was being the first to willingly accept the order to join the nationalist party, which everyone else in the Chinese communist party did not agree with (Mao). This allowed him to gain the attention of Moscow representatives which helped him in the future. Evaluation of Sources The Unknown Story: Mao By Jung chang and Jon Halliday Jung Chang was born in 1952 in Yibin, Sichuan province in China. She was part of the Red Guard and later worked as one of the common people as a peasant and various works. She became an English-language student and became an assistant lecturer at Sichuan University. She later earned a doctorate in languages in Britain. John Halliday is a Senior Visiting Research Fellow at King’s College, University of London and has written and edited various books. This book offered many helpful insights into the workings of early Mao and how he started with communism. The book offered interviews of Mao’s inner circle as well as international figures with important ties with Mao. Although the book had very good information, there is extreme biased within the book against Mao. The diction is chosen very closely to cast a shadowy look on Mao saying that he “schemed, poisoned and blackmailed to get his way”. China: A New History By John King Fairbank and Merle Goldman John King Fairbank was the Francis Lee Higginson Professor of History and Director of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University. Merle Goldman is a Professor of History, Emerita, at Boston University and an associate to the John K. Fairbank Center for East Asian Research at Harvard University. This book was very good in offering more help in learning about Chiang Kai Shek as well as previous leaders of China. There were no obvious biases. D. Analysis The social and political conditions starting during the imperial era of china until chiang’s reign added up to the success of the communist party under Mao in China. During the early 1800s foreign influence started becoming detrimental to the Chinese. The opium wars left the Chinese weakened and ashamed. The wars showed the vast differences between the strengths of the highly developed west and the east (Chang and Halliday). The inner turmoil and hatred for foreign devils grew in secret societies, eventually leading up to the boxer rebellion. The rebellion was lost due to lack of armies as well as provincial governors helping the foreigners. This showed the dividing forces, both within and with other countries, of the foreign intervention.(Fairbank and Goldman) Wracked with political division, china’s government switched hands often and never had total control. After the imperial system fell, the republic had two major political powers: the Kuomintang and the Communist party of China. The republic never had full control over the entire country due to bad communication systems, this lead to the peasantry suffering (brandt). With economic failures and the poor conditions that the peasants lived in. Eventually the poor quality that the peasants lived in allowed Mao to gain their support while he was hiding for chiang in the hills (chen). During Chiang Kai-Shek’s reign, there was political instability. Throughout his control of china there was fighting within between militarists, Nationalists, communists and the Japanese. Starting with a shaky truce, Chiang gained controlled based on pledges of loyalty with warlords as well as the wealthy giving him assistance if he turned away from the communists (Crozier). His promises lead to the persecution of the communists with the Northern Expedition as well as the Shanghai massacre. But despite his military attempts to destroy the communist party, the communists party managed to slip away in the long march and make strongholds among the peasantry. By pushing the communists to the peasants, the communists gained the support and loyalty of the peasants who they worked to improve their lifestyle. They often used force to redistribute the land to the peasants (mao). Being stubborn Chiang ignored the aggressive actions of the Japanese. His slogan was “first internal pacification, then external resistance”. While the attacks from japan became more and more aggressive Chiang began the “New life Movement” which focused on confusion ideals as well as military discipline. His moral and idealistic actions seemed trivial during the beginnings of the second Sino-Japanese war. Warlords that he had pacified by letting them continue their control, began to panic as Manchuria was taken by Japan. Fearing invasion of the south Chang Hsueh-liang kidnapped Chiang and demanded that the crucification of the communists stopped so that a unified front against japan (lattimore) . The union between the communists and the nationalists was very tenuous. With both sides untrusting of the other the pre-war differences emerged leading to civil war after the end of world war II( Dolan). The Chinese people began to distrust the government due to corruption and widespread nepotism. The enormous amount of financial aid given by the US, with persuasion by the Chinese lobby, that supported chiang, ended up taken by corrupt generals with much of the armament ending up in communist hands. When the fighting between the communists and the nationalists escalated during the civil war, chiang made serious mistakes leading to the fall of Mukden and Peiping. The fight continued to deteriorate due to the low morale and optimism within the nationalist army (Stuatt and Schram). The continuing defeats lead to the eventual exile of chiang to Taiwan as the seat of the Chinese nationalist government, until Nixon agreed that Taiwan was a part of China. E. Conclusion Without the worsening of social and political conditions, the communist power within China would not have risen to a single party state with Mao at the head. The instability within the political infrastructure lead to worsening social conditions for the common people leading to agitation as well as unrest with poor living conditions. The attentions that the communist party gave to the lower classes and the common people earned their trust and loyalty which allowed their survival despite Chiang’s persistent attempts to exterminate them. The actions that the communist party of china took for the middle class showed a vast difference between their goals and the nationalist government, which was ripe with corruption and inaction. The differences were also sharpened with the goals of the parties. The communist party wanted to help the lower classes and give back china to the people. The nationalist party focused on ideological and moral campaigns as evident in the campaigns before the action against the Japanese. F. Sources Crozier, Brian. The Man Who Lost China: The First Full Biography of Chiang Kai-shek. New York: Scribner, 1976. Dolan, Sean. Chiang Kai-shek. New York: Chelsea House, 1988. Lattimore, Owen. China Memoirs. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991. Mao Tse-tung, Selected Works, Manchuria Publishing House, 1948, Translated By Stuart Gelder. Jerome Chen, Mao and the Chinese Revolution, Oxford University Press, 1965. Stuart
America Public WK5 Human Psychology Sleep Journal and Reflection Paper.

THE SLEEP JOURNAL IS TO BE MADE UP! THIS ASSIGNMENT DOES NOT REQUIRE 10 DAYS. Assignment InstructionsSleep Journal and Reflection ProjectThe meaning, origin, and analysis of dreams have fascinated psychologists since the inception of the field of psychology. Sigmund Freud, often referred to as the father of psychology, focused a great deal of his theoretical energy on trying to understand and interpret dreams. Contemporary psychologists are beginning to recognize the interconnectivity of human physiology and psychology in a way not previously understood. This is in part because of new interest in holistic health and in part because of brain/body connections we are now able to see and understand for the first time due to enhanced technology. Yoga, mindfulness, healthy eating, meditation, holistic health – all of these practices are gaining more traction in mainstream society and among psychological circles as we recognize how the mind and body work together. In light of this growing area of interest in psychology, for this assignment you will maintain a sleep/dream journal during weeks 3 and 4, and complete an analysis and reflection on your experience in a summary reflection paper in week 5. Specifically, for this assignment you will:Keep a sleep/dream journal for at least 10 days throughout Weeks 3 and 4. In your journal make note of: any dreams you hadany initial thoughts about the dream – events of the day that may relate, etc.your general sleep schedule (if you have a tracker such as fitbit, include data on your sleep patterns as well – wakefulness, restlessness, times asleep/awake per night, total sleep, etc.)your general eating habits by dayyour general exercise habits by dayanything else of note in your psychological or physical health (stress, excitement, changes, etc.)You may use any format you wish to record the data (notepad, computer, hardcopy spreadsheet, etc.).Complete a 3-4 page reflection (not counting title or reference pages) in which you analyze the results of your sleep/dream journal. Consider how your psychological and physical health interacted. What patterns did you see? Discuss the impact that various factors such as fatigue, diet, stress and exercise had on your dreams and sleep patterns. Explain how this insight may impact your behaviors in the future to lead to better psychological and physical health.Utilize at least 2 academic resources (your course readings can comprise one of the sources) to support your analysis and discussion. Assignment Deadline: 11:55pm Eastern Time Sunday at the end of Week 5 of the course term. Submission should include:Title page in APA formatReflection minimum 3 pages, double spacedReference page in APA formatIf desired (this is optional), a copy of the original data/journalWeek 5 Assignment: Sleep Journal and Reflection Paper RubricComponentExemplaryAccomplishedDeveloping BeginningDid Not AttemptPoints EarnedAnalysis of how physical and psychological health interact, particularly in relation to sleep and dreams.50 Points PossibleStudent provides insightful, detailed analysis of how physical and psychological health interact in relation to sleep and dreams.Student provides an analysis of how physical and psychological health interact in relation to sleep and dreams.Student partially completed an analysis physical and psychological health interact in relation to sleep and dreams. Analysis lacks depth.Student attempted to complete an analysis of how physical and psychological health interact in relation to sleep and dreams, but analysis contains errors and does not demonstrate an understanding of the concepts.Student did not complete an analysis physical and psychological health interact in relation to sleep and dreams.Examples and data to support analysis and conclusions.50 Points PossibleStudent provides detailed, thorough, and varied data and examples to support analysis and conclusions. Student provides adequate data and examples to support analysis and conclusions.Student provides some data and examples to support analysis and conclusions. Sufficient details and supporting evidence are lacking.Student attempts to provide some data and examples to support analysis and conclusions, but examples and data are not coherent or do not demonstrate an understanding of the concepts.Student does not provide data or examples to support analysis and conclusions.Describes how the information gleaned from the analysis will or will not impact future behaviors and awareness. 50 Points PossibleStudent provides an insightful discussion of how the information gleaned will impact future behaviors.Student provides a discussion of how the information gleaned will impact future behaviors.Student provides a marginal discussion of how the information gleaned will impact future behaviors.Student attempts to provide a discussion of how the information gleaned will impact future behaviors, but discussion does not demonstrate an understanding of the concepts.Student does not provide a discussion of how the information gleaned will impact future behaviors.Incorporates at least two academic resources.40 Points PossibleStudent effectively concepts and theory from at least two academic resources. Student incorporates concepts and theory from at least two academic sources. Student incorporates concepts and theory from at least one academic source. Student attempts to incorporate concepts and theory from sources, but sources are not academic.Student does not incorporate concepts or theory from any academic sources.Formatting/Writing10 Points PossibleWork is presented in a logical and coherent way. Writing is clear, articulate, and error free. Citations are composed in proper format with few or no errors. Work is grammatically sound with a few minor errors. Citations are composed in the proper format with some errors. Work contains frequent grammatical errors. Citations are inaccurate or improperly formatted. Writing errors are so prevalent as to interfere with understanding of the content.Work does not demonstrate appropriate undergraduate level writing.Summary Comments: Total Points: /200
America Public WK5 Human Psychology Sleep Journal and Reflection Paper

ETHC 445 Moraine Valley Application of Utilitarianism in a Life Dilemma Essay

ETHC 445 Moraine Valley Application of Utilitarianism in a Life Dilemma Essay.

I’m working on a nursing writing question and need guidance to help me study.

Read/ Textbook: Chapter 12LessonMinimum of 5 scholarly sources (This includes the sources from the annotated bibliography. Additional sources may be included as appropriate.)InstructionsReturn to the topic you chose in the week three assignment. Articulate a specific dilemma in a situation faced by a particular person based on that topic. The situation can be real or fictional.Summarize the dilemma.Define any needed key terms associated with the dilemma.Analyze the conflicts or controversies involved in the dilemma.Revise and rewrite based on any feedback you received in your previous draft (week three). Reference and discuss any professional code of ethics relevant to your topic such as the AMA code for doctors, the ANA code for nurses, etc. State whether and how your chosen topic involves any conflicts between professional and familial duties or conflicts between loyalty to self and loyalty to a community or nation.What in your view is the most moral thing for that person to do in that dilemma? Why is that the most moral thing? Use moral values and logical reasoning to justify your answerNext, apply the following:Aristotle’s Golden Mean to the dilemmaUtilitarianism to the dilemmaNatural Law ethics to the dilemmaWhich of those three theories works best ethically speaking? Why that one?Why do the other two not work or not work as well? Is it the same as what you said is the most moral thing earlier? Why or why not?Use the 5 articles from your annotated bibliography to support your answers. (Additional academic scholarly research from the past 5 years can be included as well.) Include a reference page at the end of your paper in APA format that includes your bibliography with the annotations removed and any other sources used in your final paper.Writing Requirements (APA format)Length: 4-5 pages (not including title page or references page)1-inch marginsDouble spaced12-point Times New Roman fontTitle pageReferences page (minimum of 5 scholarly sources)
ETHC 445 Moraine Valley Application of Utilitarianism in a Life Dilemma Essay

Ibsen’s A Doll House and Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex Essay

research paper help Ibsen’s A Doll House and Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex have some characteristics in common. These plays deal with two people whose lives change dramatically in a few moments as their past contains some secrets. Both Oedipus and Nora live without knowing their selves properly. Of course, the most suggestive similarity of the two plays is that recognition and reversal occur simultaneously for protagonists as they learn an important thing about themselves and this knowledge changes their life completely forcing them to leave their homes. First, it is important to trace the parts of the plays where recognition and reversal occur. As for Oedipus, he learns all the truth and really accepts it when the shepherd tells about his past deeds and Oedipus’ past and origin. The king finally understands and exclaims, “Ah lost! At last it’s blazing clear. / Light of my days, do dark”. (Sophocles, 1996, p. 67). He learns the truth and he also understands that it is unbearable to keep living knowing the whole truth. As far as Nora is concerned, she sees her husband’s true colors when he finds out about the loan she took. The woman sees that her husband is not the man she thought him to be. Nora tells to her husband that she was waiting for some ‘wonderful things’ to happen to see that he was the man she loved but she adds, “when the wonderful thing did not happen; then I saw you were not the man I had thought you were” (Ibsen, 2013, p. 64). The woman understands that her husband is a hypocrite who loves himself more than anyone in the world and only cares about his reputation. This makes her consider suicide or leaving home to be able to understand what to do with her life. Importantly, recognition and reversal also have similar outcomes as the protagonists choose to leave the place where they lived in ignorance. Oedipus laments, “I am driven from my native land by my own flesh and blood. / I can return no more. I am a parricide” (Sophocles, 1996, p. 123). For Oedipus, his secluded existence is certain kind of redemption and, at the same time, an attempt to protect people from the curse he cast on his family. Nora decides to leave her husband and she stresses, “I must stand quite alone, if I am to understand myself and everything about me” (Ibsen, 2013, p. 62). The protagonist’s seclusion is an attempt to understand who she really is. She also thinks that she will protect her children if she is far from them. It is also important to add that both protagonists committed a crime in their past. Of course, Oedipus’ crimes are much more serious than Nora’s forgery is. However, there is an important mitigating circumstance. Thus, Oedipus never knew that he killed his own father and married his own mother. Importantly, Oedipus did not intend to kill Laius but the fight started and Oedipus had to kill the man. At the same time, Nora took the loan (in an illegal way) to spend it on the trip that her husband needed to improve his health. The woman did her best to pay the debt back and forget about it. In conclusion, it is necessary to note that the protagonists of the two plays in question find out the truth that changes their lives, as they cannot live in the same way they did. The past of Oedipus and Nora makes them see the wrongs of their lives. The two people are forced to leave their homes to come to terms with themselves. Oedipus and Nora committed some crimes and, after many years, they learnt the horrible truth about themselves. This recognition makes them immediately change their lives dramatically. Reference List Ibsen, H. (2013). A doll’s house. North Charleston, SC: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Sophocles. (1996). The Oedipus plays of Sophocles: Oedipus the King; Oedipus at Colonus; Antigone. New York, NY: Plume.

Blog writing

Blog writing.

I have a course called Advanced Tech in Journalism. This course requires me to create a blog of my own. I chose a theme and continued to focus on this theme every week.Now I have two blogs to complete, all the requirements and details in the file, please download and read it carefully. Make sure you have good writing skills. This course is very important to me, you can not copy any information from anywhere, you need to complete it independently. I will check it. This task is very important to me, please take it seriously. Complete as required. Thank you.
Blog writing

Commentary Essay

Commentary Essay.

watch the film called ” two stages sisters”( there are four parts for the movie, watch them all) and read the article below. Find the argument in the article, and find support in the film and book. After that illustrate you agree with this argument or not, if no, find support in the book or in the film. Words: 350-500SAMPLE 1: the critic’s argument firstFilm Title (year) addresses the issue of … Scholar (name of the chapter, not the editor) argues that “…” (page number). I agree or disagree with this argument because … In the film, I see … (details) and interpret … (your analysis). This scene (example) shows … (back to the issue/argument stated earlier).SAMPLE 2: your argument firstFilm Title (year) addresses the issue of … In the film, I see … (details) and interpret … (your analysis). My argument is supported by Scholar (name of the chapter, not the editor), who observes that “…” (page number). A sentence or two to bring this quote to your discussion and argument and conclude.* You only need to quote from 1 reading and address 1 issue/argument. Try to grade yourself using this scale: out of 10 points for each commentary, 3 for identification of an argument and logical transition, 3 points for film discussion focused on details, and 4 for writing (grammar, expression, coherence, style)
Commentary Essay