Comprehensive Assesment. Paper details 1. Describe the principles of assessment for young children. 2. Explain the components or elements of an assessment system for infants and toddlers, preschool, and school-age children. 3.Outline the implementation of an effective assessment process for school-age children. 4. Describe the types and purposes of standardized tests used with infants and young children. 5.Explain the difference between test reliability and test validity, including the factors that affect each. 6. Compare the uses of norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests with infants and young children. 7.Explain the interpretation and reporting of standardized test results.Comprehensive Assesment
The success or failure of the company in a certain industry does not depend on the size of the business. Some companies started only as a small or medium enterprise but eventually became big and known internationally. It doesn’t matter how much is your capital, how many employees do you have or how small or big your office is. What matter is how you will manage to make it profitable and how to stay in the business for long, especially now that there are lots of competitors in any kind of industry. Big companies not necessarily mean they are successful because maybe they started with a big capital. Success is a vision of flowing profits, industry respect and when it attracts customers. And how can we achieve it? Well, the success of the business depends on the effective management and leadership. As the course assignment implies, I assume the position of a Senior Manager in a food/restaurant industry and the job entails me to apply concepts of leadership and management in my own management situation. The Management Standards Centre states that the key purpose of management and leadership is to ‘provide direction, facilitate change and achieve results through the efficient, creative and responsible use of resources. These purposes are analysed as providing direction, facilitating change, achieving results, meeting customer needs, working with people, using resources and managing self and personal skills ( Armstrong 2004). A. FACTORS IN ORGANISATIONS THAT INFLUENCE LEADERSHIP STYLES The leader – leader’s knowledge and skills can influence the choice of style in leadership. Just like what other people said, lessons can be best learned through experience and so, as a leader, previous experiences whether good or bad can be used as a basis in identifying which is more effective in choosing a leadership style. The group – The group members’ experience levels, their maturity when it comes to work attitudes and the group’s size can also influence leadership style. Supervising a big group will not be a problem if the subordinates are all motivated and approach will depend on this group of people. The situation – leadership style also depends on each situation. The nature of task, time constraint, environment and other external forces can also influence like if there are target dates, the leader can choose an approach that will fit the need to meet the timeline. Working with an international company means you can be assigned to any of its branches and will be handling different kinds of people with different personalities, culture and behavior. Being the Senior Manager, styles that effectively worked in the past experiences will be taken into consideration in choosing the leadership style to achieve leadership goal. Since I will decide on this matter, I will initially observe my employee, how are they as a person, their behavior and attitude towards work, what their special skills are and how they react into different situations. Can these people perform well on their own or they need closely monitoring and detailed instructions even in small tasks? From there I can create a plan on how to manage them and what leadership style to use in order to lead them into a better and improved management. B. REASONS WHY LEADERSHIP STYLES ARE LIKELY TO AFFECT TEAM BUILDING. There are different leadership styles that can be used to provide direction and motivate people. The three major styles are the following: Authoritarian or autocratic Participative or democratic Delegative or free reign Typically, factors from the inside and outside of the organization can directly or indirectly influence the choice of leadership styles. For me, participative style where the employees can also be involved in the decision making process is effective, but of course, I as Senior Manager maintains the final decision making authority. It is important that they are involved because we should work as a team and if they feel that they are part of the decision making even in just a small way, I can build an effective working relationship with them. This style with participation from the subordinates is important because their ideas and opinions can help improve the team’s performance. It can bring out the best in a team to ensure self development, positive communication, leadership skills and the ability to work closely together as a team to solve problems. It also encourages employees to grow on the job and be promoted. If authoritarian or autocratic style will be used, some employees usually misunderstood it as bossing people around which tends to create a distance between the leader and its followers though we should also take note that all situations are different. What you do in one situation will not always work in another. You must use your judgment to decide the best course of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. C. LEADERSHIP MODEL Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory (Two Factor Theory) To determine factors that caused satisfaction or dissatisfaction in an employee’s work environment and to better understand employee attitudes and motivation, Frederick Herzberg performed studies for these. Also included in these studies is interviewing about what pleased and displeased in their work. He found that causing job satisfaction were different from causing job dissatisfaction. He developed the motivation-hygiene theory to explain these results. The following table presents the top six factors causing dissatisfaction and the top six factors causing satisfaction, listed in the order of higher to lower importance. Factors Affecting Job Attitudes Leading to Dissatisfaction Leading to Satisfaction Company policy Supervision Relationship w/Boss Work conditions Salary Relationship w/Peers Achievement Recognition Work itself Responsibility Advancement Growth Objectives and aims of the a food chain restaurant business are not only to sell to make money and make a profit, they are to expand as a business to be a worldwide business or just to open up more restaurants around the world to provide good service to customers and consistently deliver superior quality and value in products and services. As a Senior Manager, I want my subordinates to develop habits that drive business success so I need to inspire and motivate them and give them a clear and exciting vision of achieving goals and objectives. With reference to leadership model, it helps us to understand what makes leaders act the way we do and below are approaches that leaders can use to effectively achieve extraordinary results. All the efforts and hard works of an employee should be recognized for them to feel that it is all worth it. Recognition can give them more motivation to do better and to continuously innovate so that they will be given an award or reward every time they have remarkable achievements and special accomplishments. It gives them moral and spiritual support receiving such recognitions and encourages them to do more. Continuous seminars and trainings on all employees are also needed for their advancement. Conducting trainings on effective selling and quality service should be effected every year to enhance their knowledge and improve their personality as well. A job well done and reaching the team’s goal means an achievement on both the leader and his followers. USING 360 DEGREE FEEDBACK Operation Management has a big role in an organisation. The purpose or goal involves the production of goods and/or services. To perform this, there should be plans on how to do it and implement them, convert them into outputs and distribute them to their intended users. This operation embraces all activities required to deliver and create goods or services to customers. According to the Operational Research Society: Operational Research (OR), also known as Operations Research or Management Science (OR/MS), mathematical, computer models, or other analytical approaches are being used to find ways on how to do the operations effectively. After implementation of all the plans, we can use the 360 degree feedback to ensure that the plans and guidelines are being followed. The purpose of feedback, whether it is purely for development or as part of a performance appraisal process, will influence implementation decisions. A mystery client survey can be used to check if the employees are performing their task according to the implemented guidelines. An unknown person will act as a regular customer and will rate the service of the employees according to the behaviors which relate to actual job performance. With these, since the employees are aware that at anytime, anybody from the customers can be the mystery client who will rate them, there will always be a conscious effort on their part to do their best to every customer which eventually can become a good habit and comes out naturally. Greeting the customers good morning, good afternoon and giving thank you with a smile is a big factor in this survey. How they service the customers, the turn-around-time and over-all job performance including the clean environment are some of the criteria of the mystery client survey to check feedback. IMPORTANCE OF EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVELY USE OF TEAM’S KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS Leadership and management isn’t simply a technical discipline. A large part of the role involves building effective working relationships with a whole range of people and sometimes in challenging circumstances. Delivering good products and quality service is a team effort. The success of the branch is also the success of everyone. A mistake of one employee can reflect as fault of the company as a whole, so, it is very important to make effective and efficient use of your team’s knowledge and skills while planning work objectives in order to produce a sound management. Pascale (1990) wrote that successful companies can use conflict to stay ahead: ‘we are almost better serve when conflict is surface and channeled, not suppressed.’ The pursuit of teamwork should not lead to a ‘bland’ climate in an organization in which nothing new or challenging ever happens. Leaders know how to make people function in a collaborative fashion, and how to motivate them to excel their performance. Leaders also know how to balance the individual team member’s quest with the goal of producing synergy as an outcome that exceeds the sum of individual inputs. Leaders require that their team members forego the quest for personal best in concert with the team effort. Waterman (1988), noted that team work requires people to pull together towards a set of goals or values. My employees have their own different skills, the cashiers, chef, waiters and waitresses and all other staff which they can share and contribute in delivering quality service to our customers. Even simple things like ideas on what they will do to create a nice ambience to work with and for our customers to have are a big role in the company’s work objectives. An idea of each worker when all combined together can effectively send us to where we really wanted to be in this business. According to Armstrong (2004), competence is about knowledge and skills – what people need to know and be able to do to carry out their work well. Knowledge and skill requirement (expectations) can be agreed simply by discussing with individuals what they need to know and be able to do with regard to each of the main task areas in their job. A. BARRIER’S ON DELEGATION IN A WORKPLACE One of the major barriers to delegation is the manager’s understandable anxiety that things cannot be done well if others will do the job and if they don’t do it themselves. This feeling of not trusting other people’s skills and capabilities became barriers in delegation of works especially when there are pressures due to timelines and deadlines. Leaders sometimes felt the pressure that subordinates might not do the tasks correctly and in time so might as well do it themselves. As much as they want to delegate some tasks or jobs, they thought that it will be easier for them to do it than delegating, going into details and monitoring at the same time if subordinates are doing the right thing (McCrimmon 2007). IV.B. MECHANISM TO SUPPORT DELEGATION IN A WORKPLACE An effective manager should delegate in order to develop the subordinates and an overload of work could force managers to delegate especially when there are timelines and deadlines. Delegating works will also serve as a training ground for the employees in handling certain tasks and will enhance their decision making capabilities with the help of course of the manager. Since each employee has their own skills and specialization, a manager should know the appropriate person whom to give the task or assignment especially when the job requires special competence. Objectives and output should be clearly defined and there will be a delegated person in each department like in the kitchen, inventories, deliveries, crews and services assigned to make sure that objectives will be met. TECHNIQUES USED IN A DELEGATION Effective managers are those who focus on learning and utilizing management techniques that lead to increased productivity, effectiveness, efficiency, and customer satisfaction and employee development. One of the effective management techniques that can be used to monitor outcomes of delegation is by coaching. According to Brounstein (2002), coaching a team means working on two levels: the group level and one on one. That means shaping the talents of individual team members and then fitting them together in a powerful single unit – the team. Managing a team requires the application of a certain set of skills that you may not have needed much when you were in charge of a department of amiable and cooperative but basically independent workers. If you want to become an effective team leader, you have to make adjustment, too. Many managers try to be good bosses. They assert themselves and have good control over their groups. There’s a different functions and compares in a way a coach of a team handles them and the responds of the boss in a work group. First, in communication with the staff, decision making, planning, control and responsibility to the group as a coach of team they have a two-way interactions, the team involves in the issues and they pushes accountability so that team members share in what affects the team as a whole. On the other-hand as a boss in a work group they have more one-way interactions, makes most decisions and they are responsibility for the group. Second in their outcomes as a coach they need to focus on the performance results while boss focused on the business. Third, with guidance the coach frequent on giving feedbacks, clarifies direction, gets resources and the boss guide more by telling people what to do. In this case it is much better to become a coach rather than to become a boss. Teams need leadership to develop and perform, but managers who are absorbed in the work and control it with a heavy hand aren’t providing the leadership that teams need. Their effort lessens teamwork and heightens dependency – the opposites of what you want to achieve in managing a team. Another technique is Monitoring Employee Performance. As a Senior Manager, I still need to check if the target goal in those specific areas has been reached. I need reports from the delegated persons so I can verify the result since the task in hand is critical in the success of the business. Monitoring is a process that is carried out by the manager continuously, with employee evaluations occurring frequently. As managers implement a continual monitoring process, it becomes possible to document performance that meets standards, as well as performance that falls below expectations of the organization. Manager feedback then provides the opportunity for ongoing improvement.
HUM 160 Oakton Community College The Woman of the Snow Film Essay
HUM 160 Oakton Community College The Woman of the Snow Film Essay.
I have two assignments. 1- writing a two-page essay analysis for a japanese film and 2- writing at least a one page discussion for filmfor film discussion:This week’s discussion will revolve around the film Kwaidan (1964) directed by Masaki Kobayashi. The film is an anthology of four separate, classic Japanese folkloric ghost stories that were recorded by Lafcadio Hearn, a Greek/British writer who would spend the last half of his life in Japan. He greatly contributed to exposing the West to many aspects of Japanese culture. Watch one of the four stories (My favorites areThe Woman of the Snow & Hoichi the Earless) and start a conversation, relaying your thoughts on the narratives themselves, cinematography, or in relation to other horror (think Nosferatu) or contemporary Japanese cinema (The Grudge) you have seen. Japan is notorious for their horror films and ghost stories in general, but are more attuned to psychological scare factor versus the scream/bloody approach of Western horror films.Choose one of the four stories to respond to. Each one is a separate discussion thread, so please be aware of where you are posting your responses. Please remember that full discussion participation requires a minimum of one original post and two responses.Film is accessible here, with timestamps for your reference: https://archive.org/details/YouCut201906011506306173:30 – The Black Hair39:55 – The Woman of the Snow1:22:50 – Hoichi the Earless2:37:19 – In a Cup of TeaFor film analysis:Watch Godzilla and one of the films listed below:Yasujiro Ozu’s Tokyo Story (1953)Kenji Mizoguchi’s Ugetsu (1953)Kenji Mizoguchi’s 47 Ronin (1941)Akira Kurosawa’s Rashomon (1950)Akira Kurosawa’s Yojimbo (1961)Akira Kurosawa’s Seven Samurai (1954)These films embody the serene quietude of Japanese cinema inspired by the Kabuki and Noh traditions –often seen in period films– and the arrival of the samurai, sword-fighting acting films (Kurosawa). Discuss the aesthetic, narrative and cinematic differences from the other films we have seen so far.
HUM 160 Oakton Community College The Woman of the Snow Film Essay
Florida National WK5 CH25 Coronavirus COVID 19 Precaution Measures PPT
essay writer free Florida National WK5 CH25 Coronavirus COVID 19 Precaution Measures PPT.
You are a nurse in charge of community health education in the public health department of your city. There an outbreak of a communicable/infectious disease in your area where 200 people are infected and two are in the hospital in critical condition. You need to present an education section regarding the disease to a group of people working in the emergency management program of city. Using the communicable/infectious disease topic that you choose in your week 5 assignment please develop an educational training PowerPoint presentation. The presentation must include the following;Objectives of the presentationEpidemiological data relate to the conditionLevels of prevention and interventionsInvolvement and role of the public/community health professionalsImpact of the condition in the communityPlan of actionConclusionMinimum of 15 slides are required. You must follow APA guidelines and use at least 4 evidence-based references.
Florida National WK5 CH25 Coronavirus COVID 19 Precaution Measures PPT
FINAL PROJECT Write an 8 – 10 page paper that will summarize your beliefs about what it takes to be a real leader. Some of the topics you may address are: 1. What are the salient characteristics needed to influence the consensus of others and provide the types of examples necessary to inspire tremendous performance?2. What will you change personally to be a more effective leader and how will you go about making that personal transition?3. What measures will you use to benchmark your own progress?4. What new routines will you use to increase your leadership skills?5. What type of leader do you want to be and why will the new you do more than the current you as a newly trained leader.6. Spell out what this course has done to reaffirm and enlighten you as a leader and what specifically are the “keepers” for you for the rest of your life. Suggested format would be the Essay Format found in the Resources Section. Your responses should also demonstrate how you have applied, or could apply, the material in your own experiences. Please check and edit your writing before submitting your Discussion Question response. Be sure to cite your resources and provide the references using APA format. Remember to reference all work cited or quoted by the text authors. You should be doing this often in your responses.
CUNY Hostos Community College Bronx City during COVID 19 Key Cultural Informant Project
CUNY Hostos Community College Bronx City during COVID 19 Key Cultural Informant Project.
Running head: X IS A MEMORABLE NEW YORKER1Xis a memorable New YorkerYour N. AmeHostos Community CollegeX is a memorable New YorkerDo not use spaces or tabs for first line indentations (Jones, 2013). Use proper first line indentations that are set using the paragraph menu or using the ruler at the top of the page (Butler & Furnish, 2012). Direct quotations in formal academic papers are to be avoided in favor of paraphrases (Remark, 1966; Smith, 1945, Thorne, 1988; Verninsky 2010). If building scholarly consensus by including a number of sources to validate a claim, the sources should appear in alphabetical order in the in-text citation (Alpha, 1900; Beta, 1899; Gamma, 2010; Delta, 1977; Epsilon, 2002; Zeta, 2001; Eta, 2002). The more scholarly sources used the better (Jones, 1923). If possible, every sentence in an essay should have at least one in-text citation (Roberts, 1988). Citations, even to the same author and article, are required if material in the sentence is not original (Roberts, 1988). Roberts (1988) states that repeated citations to the same source are required no matter how repetitive.The attributes of a memorable New YorkerJones (2010) states that reader addresses should never appear in formal academic writing. Reader addresses include the use of “you” and “we” (Jones, 2010). Smith (1990) states that rhetorical questions should never appear in formal academic writing. Robertson (2000) and Jones (2010) agree that exclamation marks or other expressions of emotion should never appear in formal academic writing. Clarkson (1985) states that sentence variation, linguistic variation, and flexibility in word choice are not desirable traits in formal academic writing. Grindley (2017) states that an unemotional, inflexible, and idiom-free approach to formal academic writing is desirable; however, Grindley (2010) also argues that formal academic writing is a very specific genre and that the traits of formal academic writing do are viewed as negative by the general public. There are many small issues to consider in formal academic writing (Sparrow, 2008). Academic writing should not contain contractions (Sparrow, 2008). Sparrow (2008) states that academic writing should refrain from using pronouns. Although a pronoun-avoidant style will be repetitive, Sparrow (2008) argues that the primary purpose of academic writing is to inform, not to entertain. A lively, interesting and varied academic writing style is not a good thing (Sparrow, 2008; Turncotte, 2002).Biography of XSound academic writing and an error-free application of APA to both the formatting of the essay and to the documentation of the sources used for the essay will be useful in graduate school (Farkas, 2001). Graduate theses, for example masters theses, will be expected to display mastery of an academic style (Warnick, 2002). If a person becomes a public figure, or holds a job that is open to politically-motivated scrutiny, trivial errors in academic style will be used to accuse that person of academic dishonesty (Morgan, 2002). The lazy undergraduate habit of citing a given source once per paragraph could result in a charge of plagiarism (Frechette, 1992).YOU NEED TO SEARCH THE INTERNET AND FIND AN APPROPRIATE PHOTOGRAPH OF YOUR NEW YORKER. TRY TO FIND A PHOTOGRAPH THAT REALLY CAPTURES WHO YOUR CHOICE IS. THE PHOTOGRAPH SHOULD BE RE-SIZED TO NO MORE THAN 250 KB. EACH PHOTOGRAPH SHOULD BE APPROXIMATELY THE SIZE OF THIS PLACEHOLDER BOX. THE CAPTIONS SHOULD APPEAR DIRECTLY UNDER EACH PHOTOGRAPH AND MUST BE CENTERED. DO NOT FORGET TO PUT THE URL OF THE PHOTOGRAPH IN YOUR REFERENCES.Fig. 1. Caption in the form of a short but descriptive sentence.YOU NEED TO SEARCH THE INTERNET AND FIND AN APPROPRIATE PHOTOGRAPH OF YOUR NEW YORKER. TRY TO FIND A PHOTOGRAPH THAT REALLY CAPTURES WHO YOUR CHOICE IS. THE PHOTOGRAPH SHOULD BE RE-SIZED TO NO MORE THAN 250 KB. EACH PHOTOGRAPH SHOULD BE APPROXIMATELY THE SIZE OF THIS PLACEHOLDER BOX. THE CAPTIONS SHOULD
CUNY Hostos Community College Bronx City during COVID 19 Key Cultural Informant Project