Explore and Compare: Resources
Evaluation Title: Source Comparison
This assignment will give you the opportunity to carefully explore two different resource types to further your understanding of selecting the appropriate resource type for your information needs.
Take a look at the entry “How to Teach Information Literacy in an Era of Lies” (Links to an external site.)from The Chronicle of Higher Education blog.
Please answer the following questions:
Who is the author of the blog?
What are the credentials of the author of the blog?
Is the author of the blog an expert on the subject?
Who do you believe is the intended audience for this blog post? Why do you think as you do?
Are there links to other information embedded in the blog posting? If so, what are they?
Who published the blog? What is their mission, or purpose?
Next, review the following scholarly journal article:
Malafi, E., Liu, G., & Goldstein, S. (2017). Business and workplace information literacy: Three perspectives
Please answer the following questions:
Who are the authors of the journal article?
What are the credentials of the authors of the journal article?
Are the authors of the article experts on the subject? Why do you feel as you do?
Who do you believe is the intended audience for this article?
Who published the journal article?
Examine the references at the end of the article. Please explain how these references contribute to your understanding of the credibility of the source.
Summary question: How is the information found in the blog different from the information found in the journal article? What would you use each type of information for?
Your assignment submission should be a Word document that fully adheres to the instructions listed above. Be sure to proofread your assignment.
Complete Short English Task Due (HERZING)
Part 2In the second part of this assignment, you will write a Final Paper. Include a title page, introduction, and conclusion in addition to the sections below. Include all appropriate in-text citations and references to support your statements. Document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) guide.In your Final Paper,Analyze management judgments and their effect on the financial statements.Explain the calculations of cash flow statements.Summarize the reporting methods for comprehensive income.Examine the purpose of liquidation and required disclosures.Part A—Management JudgmentsUnlike U.S. GAAP, IFRS requires that an entity disclose both (a) management judgments with the most significant effect on the financial statements and (b) information about the major sources of estimation uncertainty that may result in a material misstatement to the carrying values of the entities assets and liabilities. These disclosure requirements are included in Applying IFRS: Enhancing Communication Effectiveness (Links to an external site.). Read pages 39 through 44, and address the following:Identify where judgments in the financial statements should be disclosed.Identify two examples of judgments that could have a significant impact on the financial statements.Identify four examples of estimation uncertainty that could result in a material adjustment in future years?Describe whether the entity should disclose the estimation if it is likely that this value might change significantly within the next year. (Consider an entity that reports an asset at fair value when the fair value is based upon recently observed market prices. Cite specific references from Applying IFRS: Enhancing Communication Effectiveness (Links to an external site.) to support your answer.)Cite specific judgments and estimations that have been made in the notes to the Home Depot 2017 Annual Report (Links to an external site.).Part B—Cash FlowExplain the difference between the indirect and direct method of the statement of cash flows.Describe whether all three sections of the cash flow statement are different when using either method.Describe which method is preferred by the FASB.Describe how are the following calculated when preparing the cash flow statement using the direct method:Cash collected from customers,Cash paid for merchandise,Cash paid to employees and cash paid for other accrued expenses, andCash paid for other operating costs including insurance and other prepaid expenses.Part C—Comprehensive IncomeRead Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No.130 (Links to an external site.) paragraphs 8 through 9 and 58 through 67, and address the following:Explain what comprehensive income is.Identify the four possible reporting methods for comprehensive income (in theory).Explain the pros and cons of each method.Identify the method you think is the best.Part D—LiquidationsRead Accounting Standards Update: Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) (Links to an external site.), pages 4 through 7, and address the following:Describe liquidation accounting.Identify when liquidation is imminent.Explain initial and subsequent measurement.Identify what disclosures are required.The Financial Statements Final PaperMust be five to seven double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.) resource.Must include a separate title page with the following:Title of paperStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedFor further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.).Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance.Must include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.For assistance on writing Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.) as well as Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.), refer to the Ashford Writing Center resources.Must use at least two scholarly, peer-reviewed, or credible sources in addition to the course text.The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) guide.Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.) resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.
ACC 305 Ashford Management Judgments and Their Impact on Financial Reports Analysis
Hello, I would like from you to follow the steps below as carful as possible and make sure all the work should be in your own words. I have attached the book and the lectures slides.Choose and answer one of the following (cite lectures and Yao for all answers):Explain moral marketsExplain law as reconciliation, law as restitutionExplain the Confucian understanding of material and moral incentives.The essay should be 6–7 pages. You will answer one essay question from the list of prompts. The bibliography page does not count toward your page count.Use standard formatting Double spacing, 12pt Times New Roman, 1inch margins, No more than 1 inch of space dedicated to title and header, No extraneous space between paragraphs or headers.Cite lecture and class readings where appropriate (points will be deducted otherwise): Include a bibliography page at the end of your paper, Include in-text parenthetical citations throughout the paper (including lecture dates), Please do not use footnotes unless absolutely necessary, Please do not use outside sources, Do not copy/paste lecture notes into the text of your response. Please do not simply paraphrase the lecture notes or the book.https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Qfiw3qXU80rGkLURV…please let me know if you have any questions. thank you!
UCSD Explain Law as Reconciliation and Law as Restitution Essay
Suppose you run a lawn-care service. With your service, you have individual contracts with multiple homeowners to come mow and edge their lawns every two weeks. You offer this mowing and edging service for the rate of $100 per hour. Assume that the cost of providing this service works out to $50 per hour for you (and your team of workers), and that each month you and your team have 120 hours of service contracted (about 6 hours per day). You would like to increase the amount of profit you currently have each month, even if it means working more hours. Unfortunately, in the area in which you provide your service there is no opportunity to acquire any more mowing and edging contracts. There is, however, an unfulfilled need for a high-quality pruning service at a reasonable price. You and your team can do quality pruning. Based on your marketing research efforts, you estimate that there is a demand for 40 hours per month of pruning if you charge $90 per hour for it. Assume that 20 of those 40 pruning hours would come from (that is, would decrease) your mowing and edging contracts; the other 20 pruning hours would come from your competitors (because your price is more attractive). Does it economically make sense for you to begin to offer a pruning service in addition to your mowing and edging service? Begin your answer with Yes or No, then briefly support your recommendation, with calculations.Answer Length requirements: 150-300 words. No less than 150 and no more than 300 words.Rubric Grading: Little or no improvement possible; all major issues appropriately considered in analysis and presented clearly.- “The assignments are designed to be challenging in order to develop your ability to think and decide as a marketing manager would, and thus the grading reflects this focus. The challenges facing managers are not simple, so to prepare you for the workforce the assignments have the complexity of the real world. Your learning experience would be diminished if the assignments were simple.”
Central Washington University Essential Marketing Concepts Discussion
MHW 634 NYU The Chehalis Tribe & Hispanic Culture Discussion
MHW 634 NYU The Chehalis Tribe & Hispanic Culture Discussion.
PEER RESPONSES. 60 WORDS EACH. 1 REFERNCES NEEDED AND CITED FOR EACH PEER #1 LIZ The Chehalis Tribe is a culture that is deeply impacted by drug and alcohol. “Compared with other youth ethnocultural populations, research has shown that Indigenous youth populations (e.g., American Indian, Alaskan Native, and Native Hawaiian youth) have some of the highest rates and earliest initiation of substance use” (Okamoto, et al., 2014 p 2). The Chehalis Tribe has a program, called Chehalis Tribal Tsapowum Behavioral Health Center. Mental health care workers need to contact this program and connect the tribal youth with a program that focuses on using their culture to help them heal. They can partner with the services so the patient gets the best care by putting programs in place outside the tribal community. The behavioral health center services tribal community members, and non-tribal living on or near the reservation (Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, 2021). “Services include– Intensive Outpatient, Outpatient, and DUI Services. We provide prevention programming for the community, which includes programs in the youth center and annual events. We work with victims and survivors of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault or stalking. We have master level licensed mental health counselors to address: Grief/Loss, depression, PTSD, trauma etc. and provide individual and family therapy” ((Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation, 2021). References: Okamoto, S. K., Helm, S., Pel, S., McClain, L. L., Hill, A. P., & Hayashida, J. K. P. (2014). Developing empirically based, culturally grounded drug prevention interventions for indigenous youth populations. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 41(1), 8–19. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s11414-012-9304-0 Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation. (2021, April 28). Chehalis Tribal Tsapowum Behavioral Health Center. The Chehalis Tribe. https://www.chehalistribe.org/departments/behavior… PEER #2 JEN Latinos are the largest racial minority group in the United States. Latina/os are at risk for substance abuse due to the following factors, high rates of poverty, minority status, and residential concentrations in regions with widespread drug and alcohol supply. Discrimination increases the likelihood of substance abuse, and statistics show that 39% of Latinos and 29% of Latinas report everyday discrimination. Another vital consideration to keep in mind is over the past decade, the United States has reached historic numbers of deportations. Three million migrants have been deported since 2008 and 90% are of Latino origin. Emerging discoveries from recent research have found deportations as a structural determinant of substance abuse, specifically with Latinos in the United States. U.S. citizen Latinos who have had a family member deported have a greater chance of reporting drug use disorders in comparison to Whites. The deportation of family members is so traumatizing, and individuals turn to prescription drug misuse to cope (Pinedo, 2020). It is important to note with this given topic that Latino immigrants are less likely to use substances than those born in the U.S. Acculturation has been a critical factor in predicting drinking patterns, especially in women. The more immersed they are in American life, the higher rates of alcohol consumption (Villalobos & Bridges, 2018). There are multiple barriers to substance abuse identification and assessment in the Latino culture. Latinos usually have been very tentative to use behavioral health services because of the high level of stigmatization in the culture and instinctual nature to get help from chosen support people. There is also the cultural value of “familismo,” which upholds loyalty; therefore, it might be difficult for some family members to “out” someone in the family with a substance abuse issue because it is disrespectful. Other obstacles are language barriers, socioeconomic considerations, and immigration status, which may restrict payment for treatment. Primary considerations for prevention planning with Latino cultures are cultural competence, understanding norms and meanings around alcohol and drug use. Programs must employ bilingual staff, provide materials that are in Spanish, and implement culturally sensitive treatment. One fundamental starting point in getting individuals to seek help is to destigmatize behavioral health treatment (Andrews, 2008). Andrews, C. (2008). An exploratory study of substance abuse among latino older adults. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 51:1-2, 87-108, doi: 10.1080/01634370801967570 Pinedo, M. (2020). Deportation of family members of us-citizen latinos and misuse of prescription drugs: United states. American Journal of Public Health, 110(4), 560–566. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.2105/AJPH.20… Villalobos, B. T., & Bridges, A. J. (2018). Prevalence of substance use disorders among Latinos in the United States: An empirical review update. Journal of Latina/o Psychology, 6(3), 204–219. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1037/lat0000… PEER #3 LIV The culture that I chose to research in my community is the Hispanic culture because it is the highest population in my community and it is the culture that I am around most often in my personal life and at work. A study done about the drinking and drug habits of the Latino culture shares a theory on a possible explanation to drug and alcohol usage. The main objective of the study was to examine the prevalence and patterns of alcohol and drug usage among Hispanic/Latino adults of diverse backgrounds. They stated that Hispanic women have historically shown lower levels of alcohol consumption compared to women of other racial/ethnic heritages (Garcia et. al., 2019). This was not the same for men of the same culture. Men have shown to have a higher rate of drug and alcohol use in the Latino culture. Although the drug and alcohol use are not extremely high in this culture, when the influence of acculturation is more consistent throughout life, this number increases. Especially in the data relating to women, when they spend more of their life with other cultures, the number of drugs and alcohol they consume also increases. The amount of acculturation does not have the same effect on the male population of the Latino population. Research was also done to study the risk of “problem drinking” among this culture. “Problem Drinking” is characterized by drinking that is severe enough or frequent enough to be diagnosed with an alcohol disorder. “Latinos have much lower rates of at-risk drinking (e.g., 15 or more per week for men; 8 or more per week for women) as compared to other ethnicities” (Garcia et. al., 2019). Mental health workers need to incorporate culture and ethnic groups with prevention planning to make all cultures in the community feel comfortable and welcome. As a mental health professional planning a prevention program, I would make sure my program was staffed with a diverse group of professionals. I have heard more times than I would like that people did not feel comfortable attending a support group or a program because there was no one from their race or culture there. I would never want someone to feel uncomfortable based on the way they look or what they believe in. everyone deserves support and help no matter what they believe in or what they look like. I would make sure that the professionals that work for my program are competent in cultural integration and are aware of the cultures in the community. Reference: Garcia, M. L., Lopez-Gurrola, M., Stoutenberg, M., Emory, K., Daviglus, M. L., Kaplan, R., Giachello, A. L., Molina, K. M., Perreira, K. M., Youngblood, M. E., Vidot, D. C., & Talavera, G. A. (2019, April 4). Alcohol use, acculturation and socioeconomic status among Hispanic/Latino men and women: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. PLOS ONE. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0214906.
MHW 634 NYU The Chehalis Tribe & Hispanic Culture Discussion
Paranoia Studies Effecting Psychological Interventions for Psychosis
essay writing service free Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp To what extent do studies of paranoia in the non-clinical population inform psychological interventions for psychosis? Introduction Research into paranoia in non-clinical populations has enriched our understanding of this phenomenon and informed psychological interventions for psychosis. Paranoia is defined as an interpersonal experience: a fear that others intend to cause you physical, psychological or social harm (Freeman
NSG 468 University of Phoenix Influencing Quality Within Healthcare Presentation
NSG 468 University of Phoenix Influencing Quality Within Healthcare Presentation.
This assignment is designed to give you a greater understanding of regulatory agencies and accreditation bodies, including their functions, public reporting requirements, and the how they impact quality and safety.Select and evaluate a regulatory agency or accrediting body.Discuss the history of the agency or body.Explain the reason for its existence.Summarize the agency’s public reporting of quality indicators:FrequencyWhere they are reportedWhy public reporting of these metrics is importantExplain how the agency or body operates:Current functionOrganizational structureGovernanceAnalyze the impact the agency or body has on quality at each level of health care: Health care organizationsNursing practicePatient careCite at least two sources in an APA-formatted reference page.Format your assignment as an 18- to 20-slide presentation
NSG 468 University of Phoenix Influencing Quality Within Healthcare Presentation
What Are The Issues Of Electronic Waste Environmental Sciences Essay
Introduction In every year of human life, seven years of technological advancements go by. Even though this has slowed recently, every day manufacturers are coming out with new electronic equipment that makes the old stuff look only slightly better than a Commodore 64. Electronic waste is an often unheeded environmental problem that is rapidly increasing in with our lust for new technology since manufacturing of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) is one of the fastest growing activities in the globe. The reasons behind the increase of both consumption and the production of EEE are rapid growth of economy, urbanization and an increasing demand for consumer goods. The new electronic devices and appliances have fulfilled every aspect of daily activities, providing society with more comfort, health and security and gaining and exchanging easy information. The knowledgeable society however is creating its own toxic footprints. The need for more and more electronics has become vital in our lives in order to conduct business activities. However the way these products are disposed is a great concern for the public worldwide. Most of the electronics items are with high level of toxicity. Since this essay is base on e-waste and in first part of essay discuss more about the types of e-waste. There are mainly three types of e-waste; large Household devices, ICT and Consumer Equipment. For instance, refrigerator and washing machine refer to household appliances, computer, laptop and phone depict information and communication, and finally DVD players and TV represent consumer equipment. In the next part of the essay mainly base on do research about the impact of e-waste and discuss more about it, especially environmental and health impacts. Typically e-waste creates a large number of compounds, which contain high toxic that have adverse impact on environment and human health, because of improper disposal and recycling process. Most of researches are going to do through internet. Furthermore in this document will discuss about the issues of e-waste. Under this part I will be discussing on ethical, legal, professional, and social issues arising because of e-waste. Even in this part I will be dealing with theory, like kerns and consequence theory and I will be dealing with what they said and how it is related to these topics. Finally, in this document I will be discussing about how to overcome those problems arising from e-waste. Moreover, in this part, I’m going to focus on the steps that could be taken on national and international level. In addition, I will be focusing on the roles that we can play individually to minimize the issues rising from e-waste. Category of E-waste E-waste is the term used to describe became old, end of life electronic devices such as TVs, computers, laptops, DVD players, and mobile phones etc., which have been disposed by their original users. Electronic waste or e-waste is categorized mainly into three categories, which include large Household devices, ICT and Consumer Equipment. For instance Refrigerator and washing machine symbolize household appliances; computer, laptop and phone symbolize information and telecommunication, while DVD players and TV symbolize consumer equipment. According to UN experts in a landmark report released on 22 February 2010 by UNEP shows the situation of the countries like China, India, Colombia, and Kenya, which categorizes the e-waste causing issues of the countries. (Bali, 22 February 2010). Figure 1: Types of E-waste in When considering each of the above factors of e-waste items, they have been categorized into 26 common components found in each of them. These components are: Metal, Motor or compressor, Insulation, Magnetron, Circuit board, Cooling, LCD, Plastic, Rubber, Wiring or electrical, External Electric cables, Concrete, Refractory Ceramic Fibers, Heating Element, Thermostat, Radioactive substances and electrolyte capacitors (over L/D 25 mm), Transformer, Fluorescent lamp. Textile, CFC/HCFC/HFC/HC, Incandescent lamp, Brominated flamed retardant (BFR)-containing plastic, Batteries and Glass. Configuration of E-waste is different from products of different categories. There are more than 1000 different materials, which are categorized under the sections; hazardous and non-hazardous. Generally, they contain ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Non-ferrous metal contains metals like coppers, aluminum and precious metals: for instance silver, gold platinum, etc. But elements like lead, mercury, arsenic, selenium, cadmium and hexavalent chromium come under hazardous waste. Hazards of E-waste When considering the hazards of e-waste, it seems to be a big issue. We should think about recycling e-waste, because finally the dumped hazardous materials can be an eyesore, which include mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, selenium, and hexavalent chromium. As I have mentioned before, these types of toxics are not only harmful for the environment but also for our bodies. Environmental and health hazards Lead This is a dangerous toxic, which effects different mechanisms of our body causing to expose our body to the diseases and damage body organism, such as central (organic effectives syndrome) and peripheral nervous systems (motor neuropathy), hemopoietic system (anemia), the genitourinary system (capable of causing damage to all parts nephron) and the reproductive systems (male and female). (Dr. D.Y, august 2008). These types of toxics are highly found in computer and TV. Usually 15″ a cathode ray tube contains 1.5 pounds of lead, but other CRTs have up to 8 pounds of lead. Mercury Likewise mercury also one of the dangerous toxics which is produced from e-waste, and which causes damage to genitourinary system (tubular dysfunction), nervous systems and even it affects the fetus. The inorganic mercury spreads by water. It is changed into methylated mercury, which bio-accumulates in living organisms. Through food chain, it goes to human body, especially by fish. (Dr. D.Y, august 2008). Cadmium Another type of toxic that produces by e-waste is cadmium, which contains long-term cumulative poison. This toxic compound in the human body particularly in kidneys and evidence show that there is role of cadmium in carcinogenicity. Even this toxic is highly present in computer and TV. (Dr. D.Y, August 2008). Impact of E-waste E-wastes are made of mass components, which contain dangerous chemicals that have adverse impact on environment and human health, if not disposed properly. Typically, these hazards rise due to use of improper disposal and recycling processes. When considering the impact of waste from the white and brown goods is less toxic compared with grey goods. Today, most common and popular machine among the people, especially among youngsters, is computer, which contains highly toxic chemicals like lead, mercury, cadmium, copper, sinc, plastic, glass, ferrous metal, aluminum and etc. One of the main impacts of the e-waste is air pollution associated to (HT) incineration; hence it leads to respiratory tract infection disease, like bronchitis, pneumonia because of inhaling those polluted air with different kinds of toxic. At the same time, improper disposal of e-waste also causes the contamination of water system and soil near landfills and it’s directly and indirectly affecting our health. Even the emissions due to transportation of materials also cause environmental impact. Therefore, indirect impacts of e-waste on our health are quite difficult to quantify, compared to others because of the synergistic effects and the time between exposure and reaction. Issues of e-wasting “While what we do with our all of our trash is an important issue, What we do with our dangerous trash is an even bigger and a far more critical issue. Man’s modern day problem â€¦. Discarded Electronics Devices are in fact, very dangerous Items in a land fill. It must stop; now!” Captain GreenJeans http://www.greenupusa.org/page/page/5106015.htm Ethical When considering on ethical issues of e-waste, there are countries that who are doing unethical ways to disposing e-waste. When they are disposing, recycling, open burning in unethical way it leads to arise many ethical issues. Kindly there are laws according to e-waste and even though peoples are dumping e-waste which is unethical ways. Already developed countries like USA, Canada and Europe countries they are sending e-waste to the developing countries like Africa and they are saying “Out of side out of mind” this is something I think going to be problems in a feature. Those countries may think they are doing right things according to Kants theory, because they merely think their own country, environment, and their own health. Unlike Kants theory, in consequence theory it’s wrong, because it will be affect whole the world not only the country who did it. For instance, if the outbreak is happen because of those spread of toxics, it will be spread whole over the world and even those countries people’s health will be effect. Other ethical issues raising many people would say e-waste is good for developing countries, because its providing employment for poor peoples, otherwise they may not be able to get any formal employment. The employments of poor people’s providing enough living way to them to feed their family, give education to their children. At some point these are the stage are going to can’t take any more, developing countries will says we don’t have capacity to handling. We don’t have enough facilities, resource and man power to deal with tons and tons of e-waste. Hence in this situation they have to stop doing all those things Environmental and Social issues Everyone hope to do right thing when trying minimizing the environment issues. When we putting our old computer or mobile phone into the recycling bin, we all hope that bin isn’t carted off to some landfill and dumped. Since I believe this is much more important fact that we have talk in issues of e-waste, because each and every characteristic of e-waste end up with environment or social issues. For instance if developing country like Sri Lanka, and Maldives importing tons or 100 tons of e-waste where there is no proper facilities and no proper rules and regulation for e-waste. What happens to all these materials once they done burning them to extract metal or they dumping the ground of seeping into the water which affects not only them but community can have larger effect on city or stats and even it causes major air quality issues of just a small by product of this process? President and founder of Redemtech said the recycling industries always try cheating on recycling by finding cheapest way of recycling without concerning on environmental and social issues. “The recycling industry in general has become pretty expert at finding the loopholes and cheating.” Robert Houghton Redemtech (Lora Bentley, May 8, 2009) http://www.itbusinessedge.com/cm/community/features/articles/blog/the-biggest-e-waste-recycling-problem-exportation/?cs=32443 They never think environmental and social issues rising recycling and disposing of e-waste. Since there are numbers of environmental issues raising on e-waste, which includes air pollution, landfill, contaminating of water, effecting of agriculture. At the same time these facts lead to elevation of social issues, like revelation of diseases for pregnant women, children etc. Legal When considering on legal issues in different countries, it’s seen that policy makers are struggling to find out proper solutions for management of e-waste. For instance India is a one of the country which was signed in Basel Convention in 1998 and even though they don’t have specific legislation regulating import, export or the collection and treatment of e-waste. Since the evolution of the legislative process in some of the countries policymaker considers merely issues. So according to my point of view I think instead of considering only issues, if they could have consider on how to implement those policies in notational, community and individual levels, it would be much better. Since beginning many countries are still having lack regulation to control e-waste, which are categorized as hazards. Though, all of them have consented the Basel Convention and few of them have also ratified the Ban amendment. In 75% of the e-waste can be reuse by repair or refurbishment, but many countries they don’t controlled such facilities like shipment of those items. It will be better control if they implement as part of any regulatory scheme, to know where the used electrical and electronic equipment is going and if it will be managed according to country environmental rules and regulation. Even it will help to stop illegally importing those types of items. If we consider on second world highest population country India, report shows that 50,000MT of e-waste is imported illegally in the year and even a record shows that city of Ahmedadbad within a month they import 30MT e-waste illegally. (Violet N. Pinto, 2008). According to the Seattle Time, a global environmental coalition details said 80% of the national recycled computers were being shipped, because of Asia laws are more lax worker safety and environmental laws. In a most of legislation are promote reuse electrical and electronics item, but it’s much more necessary to implement as the regulation and management control not only by the importing country, but also exporting country. According summery of legislation of different country of e-waste is showing that responsible taking only for manufacture and importer and only Denmark shows the local Government (Ref Appendix B). When considering that legislation, there are some issues rising for implementing because the consumer level no one is taking responsible. But they are the peoples who are using and throwing e-products here and there. Professional When considering on professional issues of e-waste, there are industry which is dealing with includes a recognized certification standard for recyclers, education of customers and even changing the regulatory. In other hand there are peoples and organization who doing this Recommendation for action There are number of ways to save resources and to prevent e-waste. In here mainly discuss only three ways that manufacture and consumer can prevent the e-waste with the help of the government rules and regulations. Waste management strategic for national level Reduce: Typically the consumers are the peoples who are buying and use of Electronic appliances; hence they can play huge roles to reduce the need to buy new electronic appliances by practicing number of ways. They can practice good preventative maintenance to extend the life of an electronic appliance. Always try to upgrade machine or device instead of buying a new one. If you feel to buy a new one always look for green electronic items. Reuse: Buy a used or refurbished devices Instead of throwing you old machine or devices donate your friends, school, and community group or non-profit. Talk your machine to a non-profit for refurbishing and re-use. Recycle If you feel dispose your machine or devices just call recycling centers and get ideas from them how to dispose or send them to dispose. Technical interventions The one of the best solution for the minimize e-waste crisis is product design and engineering at the manufacturing source by increasing safety and decreasing toxic material use. This can be done by implementing employing waste minimization techniques and by producing long durable goods. Industries involve adopting on e- waste minimization Production process adjustment Number of production reduction Refurbish and reuse Use green products Environment friendly product design and develop. Longevity production Minimize use of toxic materials for the products According to all the enlisted principles on environmental justice is considered one of the most suitable frameworks that join is to extend Producer Responsibility. It will force the producer to follow safe disposal rule and regulation. Even it sustain environmental friendly technology, cleaner production technology and designing for longevity. Policy-level involvements Clearly identify the e-waste regulation in national and international level Import and export controlling and monitoring regime Typically unclear on the issues of e-waste and the unable the govern the rules of hazardous e-waste and ineffective monitoring the e-waste recycling leads the prime reasons for demanding society to set a separate rules to control these process. Actions at a National level Awareness raising activities ( make action plan for national level and implement it for national level) Each and every nation can initiate pilot repair, refurbishment and recycling schemes and make sure that their recycler is a true recycler and not just simply an exporter of toxic e-waste. Give proper train for customs and enforcement officer, to control illegal export or imports of electrical and electronic wastes. Laws concerning e-waste disposal should be reviewed and revamped and government should strictly curb the import of e-wastes from other countries. Conclusion In a concluding we have find issues of e-waste becoming a big problem in the globally and the detrimental effects of e-waste are growing as a major issues in each of the countries in world wide. Even though e-waste in some of the countries are partially collected and reused and recycled as a second hand products, but other countries are doing unethical ways, especially small scale shops who are working in occupationally hazardous conditions inefficient ways and that lead to detrimental to the environment. Since beginning of the report noticed that most of the countries (e.g. India, China) they don’t have proper legal framework for e-waste management, local e-waste mechanisms and they are faced some of difficulties to implement those legal framework. At the same time I have discussed on the report some of the issues raise on e-waste, which including ethical, legal, professional, social and environmental issues. In social and environmental issues of the report I have discussed what are the main issues we have seen in environmental and social issues in e-waste? For instance, because of e-waste the air pollution, contamination of water, and some of the skin and respiratory disease are causing. At the same time ethical, profession, and legal issues also discussed in this report, which highlighted on, whether all the countries are doing e-waste process on ethical way according rules and relation of countries. Even in this report I have given summary of some country laws to understand their laws on e-waste. To extended manufacture, and consumer responsibility is one of the main solutions for the environmentally sound management of e-wastes. Final part of the report I have given recommending for action and under this section I have found some of the solution that all nation can implement on e-waste program. Even some of the countries try to intend to adopt that kind of method and they face difficulties in introducing those program, hence they need strictly follow those rule and regulation. Reference Appendix B Europe countries Countries
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