The Earth’s carrying capacity is estimated anywhere between 2 billion to 40 billion people [source: McConeghy]. This is also supported by the Malthus Theory of Population, whereby he says that the geometric growth of the human population will overtake the arithmetic growth of natural resources. However, the Earth’s population isn’t evenly distributed. We can calculate this by finding the density of the population in a square kilometre. Number of people living in an areaSize of area(km2)=Population Density(km? ) Most of Asia is densely populated, i. e.
India, China, Bangladesh, Philippines, and the more sparsely populated areas would include Russia, Australia, South America, Canada and Alaska. The density of a population in a certain area is affected by physical factors (climate, relief and soils) and economic factors (job opportunity, communication and accessibility). Most of the sparsely populated areas usually have either an extreme climate or extreme physical factors. Civilisation always started from rivers or water sources. For example, The Indus Valley Civilisation was a Bronze Age Civilisation (3300–1300 BC) that was located in modern-day Pakistan and Punjab.
The Indus Valley is one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations, along with its contemporaries, Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt that were all located along rivers. Mumbai, India vs. Shanghai ,China Since India and China are one of the fastest growing populations, it is only fair that I chose them as my topics. I will be comparing and contrasting Mumbai, India and Shanghai, China as they are the financial and commercial capitals of their countries. India with its population of nearly 1. 22 billion people and China with about 1. 34 billion people are the potential economic powers.
Many foreign investors invest in India and China due to the cheap labour that is easily available there. Shanghai is home to the world’s busiest container port terminal, it alone is a massive attraction to immigrants because it provides so many jobs over a vast range of different fields from cleaners to engineers. The largest economies in Shanghai are the finance, retail and real estate businesses. The average annual salary for white-collar workers in Shanghai is 38,447 RMB (US$ 4,632). This attracts a very high number of highly educated, skilled labour force.
The heavy industry in Shanghai makes up for 78% of the gross output. Note that heavy industry is different for light industry as it is more capital intensive or as requiring greater or more advanced resources, facilities or management. Mumbai alike Shanghai is set up at a delta of a river and has a natural deep water harbour, started off as a maritime trading port. Presently the Port of Mumbai is very established and was recognised as the gateway to India during the 19th and 20th century and a primary factor in the emergence of Mumbai as the commercial capital of India.
It serves as an economic hub of India, contributing 10% of factory employment, 25% of industrial output, 33% of income tax collections, 60% of customs duty collections, 20% of central excise tax collections, 40% of India’s foreign trade and 4,000 crore (US$892 million) in corporate taxes. Mumbai is home to Bollywood, India’s Hindi television and film industry. It is world famous for its bestselling movies which attract actors from all nationalities. The most popular industries in Mumbai are the textile mills, the seaport, engineering, diamond-polishing, healthcare, and information technology.
The main reason for these two metropolitan cities to be so densely populated is because of the variety of work that is present. Although living expenses are reasonably high, the income that people get is higher compared to a rural or less developed city. Since these two cities have very high job prospects and a good salary, migration affects the population density greatly. There are two kinds of migration, in migration (immigration) and out migration (emigration). These do not come under the natural increase of a population but affect the do increase a populations size.
The climate in Shanghai is very pleasant throughout the year with an average high temperature of 20. 2 degrees Celsius during summer and an average low temperature of 12. 9 degrees Celsius during winter. Mumbai has an average high temperature of 31. 2 degrees Celsius and average low of 23. 7 degrees Celsius. The average annual precipitation for Shanghai and Mumbai are 1,164. 7mm and 2,146. 6mm respectively. There a few contrasts between Shanghai and Mumbai. The most appealing would be the language barriers that a commonly found between immigrants and the locals.
In India most people speak English but this is the opposite in Shanghai. This is another reason affecting the rate of migration. It is convenient if everybody could communicate in a single language. As a conclusion, the population will always concentrate in an area that provides the best advantages at minimal trouble.
Crime,come up with hypothesis on crime in the county based off a survey and using a textbook for additional research.
Crime,come up with hypothesis on crime in the county based off a survey and using a textbook for additional research..
Must come up with hypothesis on crime in the county based off a survey and using a textbook for additional research.
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