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Comparison of Techniques in Acne Scar Treatment

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Punch excision techniques are utilized for depressed scars such as ice pick and boxcar scars. According to the diameter of the scar, a biopsy punch of appropriate size is used to excise the scar. If the scar is > 3.5 mm in size, it is excised and sutured after undermining, in a direction parallel to the relaxed skin tension lines. Procedure: Surgical preparation is done. Local anaesthesia infiltration and marking of the scar is done. Initial undermining of the scar is done. Based on the diameter of the scar, a biopsy punch of appropriate size is inserted till the subcutaneous fat layer and the punch graft is removed and discarded. After removal of the plug, the area becomes elliptical. Undermining with an artery forceps is done and is followed by suturing with 6-0 prolene. (Illustration 33.5) A linear scar ensues lying along the RSTL. Dressing is done. Antibiotics and NSAIDs are administered for 7 days. Depressed pitted ice pick scars up to 4 mm in diameter, are excised and replaced with an autologous, full-thickness punch graft. The donor site is commonly the post-auricular region or the gluteal region. Care should be taken to avoid cobblestoning, which is a common complication. Procedure: Surgical preparation is done. Local anaesthesia infiltration and marking of the scar is done. Initial undermining of the scar is done. Based on the diameter of the scar, a biopsy punch of appropriate size is inserted till the subcutaneous fat layer and the punch graft is removed and discarded. From the donor site, a full thickness punch graft> 0.5 mm than the excised scar is taken. This is then fit into the recipient area( Area of excised scar), if needed it is trimmed. Sutures or surgical glue is applied. (Illustration 33.6) Dressing is done. Antibiotics and NSAIDs are administered for 7 days. All the punch techniques require a postoperative follow up after 1 week to check for the donor/ recipient site and removal of sutures, if required. In selected cases, when scarring is linear and extensive, scar revision techniques such as Z, M and Y plasty may be useful. These need to be performed by a dermatosurgeon properly trained in performing these procedures. [41, 42] Various techniques such as microneedling, threadlifts are being used in atrophic acne scars. Intralesional steroids and cytotoxics along with silicone sheets are the mainstay for hypertrophic scars. Skin needling, also called “collagen induction therapy” or “needle dermabrasion” is the technique of rolling a device composed of a barrel studded with hundreds of needles, which create thousands of micropunctures in the skin to the level of the papillary to mid-dermis. [ 43] The optimal scars to treat with skin lesion are the same as fractional laser resurfacing— rolling acne scars, superficial boxcar scars, or erythematous or hypopigmented macular scars. A dermaroller device is used with needles of length 1.5 to 2.5mm is rolled across the skin with pressure in multiple directions until the area demonstrates uniform pinpoint bleeding through thousands of micropuncture sites. One study describes rolling the device four times in four different directions (horizontally, vertically, and diagonally right and left) for a total of 16 passes. [44] In the author’s experience, the number of passes required to achieve uniform pinpoint bleeding of the treatment area is variable and is inversely proportional to the density of the needles on the rolling barrel. Usually, three or more treatments are required to achieve optimal clinical benefit, separated by four-week intervals. Figure 33.6 shows good results with dermaroller microneedling. Microneedling with fractional radiofrequency (MFR) technology is now being used for acne scars. MFR is useful for distensible scars and non- distensible scars with associated volume loss. The procedural details and clinical studies have been detailed in Chapter 10. Non-surgical face lifts with threads are also being used for acne scar treatment. Polydioxanone (PDO) threads are used for lifting and tissue tightening and scar resurfacing; it stimulates production of collagen and fibroblasts in response to its implantation. Threadlift with PDO is indicated in patients of scars who cannot come repeatedly for multiple number of sittings for derma roller, or do not want to undergo laser/ lights or radiofrequency treatments. Evidence based studies are lacking with this technique. The procedure has been detailed in chapter 15. Intralesional triamcinolone 10-40 mg/mL with or without cytotoxics, like 5-fluorouracil, is indicated for the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids. These are repeated at 3-4 weekly intervals until resolution; care is taken to avoid atrophy. [45, 46, 47, 48] Administration of fluorouracil (5-FU) or bleomycin into the scars, results in gradual flattening of the scars. [49, 50, 51] 5-FU inhibits rapidly proliferating fibroblasts found in dermal wounds. [52]The therapy is efficacious for facial acne scars as monotherapy, [53, 54] and in combination with intralesional corticosteroids and a 585 nm pulsed dye laser. [50 ] Studies with 5-FU use a concentration of 50 mg/mL with a total dose per session ranging from 50 mg to 150 mg and can be given multiple times a week to increase treatment efficacy. Bleomycin is another antineoplastic agent that inhibits collagen synthesis through cytotoxic effects on rapidly dividing fibroblasts. [55, 56] Silicone dressings are chemically and biologically inert; silicon sheets or gels are found to be useful in flattening keloids and hypertrophic scars, reducing discoloration and making scars cosmetically acceptable. [57, 58] Scarring in areas which are subjected to repeated movements (chin, marionette lines) are prone to become more obvious with aging. The synergistic combination of botulinum toxin and fillers may prove to be a useful modality in these scars. Botulinum toxin relaxes the muscles and hence decreases the tensile forces surrounding the scar. [20] Combining 2 or 3 modalities of acne scar treatment in a single session or sequential planning of the procedure can prove advantageous to a monotherapy. Various combination therapies are practiced. Combination of different interventions can result in satisfactory improvement of acne scarring. It is useful to combine subcision with various modalities. Subscision treatments followed by microneedling performed immediately the day after and TCA 15% peel done a fortnight later was found to improve the grade of scar. [59] Another sequential combination therapy is TCA peeling, subcision, and subsequent fractional laser irradiation. Dot peeling and subcision is done twice at an interval of 2-3 weeks and fractional laser irradiation is done every 3-4 weeks. The duration of therapy is 12 months. A marked decrease in acne scar severity was noted. [60] Combination of PRP with microneedling, fractional CO2 and erbium YAG also constitutes an effective alternative that produces synergistic benefits with fewer adverse effects. [61, 62, 63] The aim of good postoperative care is to prevent or minimize complications and ensure early recovery. Preventive actions must be taken promptly to avert complications, which may lead to unacceptable aesthetic or functional result. This is most important in ablative resurfacing procedures, particularly in darker skinned patients, where pigmentary alterations are common. Supportive medical therapy and a careful maintenance program are essential to maintain results of surgical treatment in most patients. Complications related to individual procedures are discussed in details in respective chapters. In general, the complications include conditions such as active herpes simplex, immunosuppressive conditions, which may predispose to infection and delayed healing. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a common and dreaded complication of acne surgery, especially in dark skinned patients. Patients with unrealistic expectations or uncooperative patients who do not follow treatment regimens are more prone to develop complications. Adequate counselling, priming the skin and supportive medical therapy, apart from good intra- and postoperative care are essential for satisfactory surgical outcomes. The tips for management based on the author’s experience are outlined in Box 33.4 Box 33.4: Pearls and Pitfalls PEARLS: TIPS FOR MANAGEMENT Treat active acne before procedures for acne scars are initiated Allow red/purple macular discoloration to resolve before full evaluation and treatment of atrophic scars Set appropriate expectations. Emphasize that improvement is unpredictable, often multiple procedures are required. The goal should be improvement in acne scars and not total cure. Consider excisional techniques for fibrotic, deep, or markedly hypopigmented lesions Globally evaluate patient’s appearance PITFALLS: TO AVOID Failure to set appropriate expectations Promising a certain level of improvement Failure to recognise patients with unrealistic hopes or demands Inadequate questioning about history of PIH Procedural treatment in acne provides gratifying results. These are an adjunct treatment in active acne, however post acne scarring is being better managed with the advent of various procedural interventions. Fractional resurfacing lasers have proven to be one of the most beneficial technologies for post acne scarring. Judicious use of combination therapies in a single or sequential sessions have a synergistic role and are increasingly being used in clinical practice. Appropriate patient selection and a good understanding of patient expectations are vital to achieve an optimal therapeutic outcome. Acne surgery involves the use of appropriate surgical interventions for treatment of active acne as well as improving cosmetic outcomes in postacne scarring. In active acne, surgical intervention is used as an adjunctive to medical therapy. The treatment of post acne scars involves a multimodal approach as different types of scars may exist in an individual. Each scar and each patient must be evaluated and treated accordingly. The main goal of treatment is to achieve maximal improvement rather than perfection. The procedures can be classified as resurfacing, lifting, excisional modalities.For superficial scars, non-invasive or minimally invasive techniques such as microdermabrasion, superficial chemical peels or the newer non ablative lasers, are better treatment options. For deeper scars, a combined approach with subcision, punch excision techniques in conjunction with resurfacing procedures, are essential to achieve optimum results. Many complications can be prevented by thorough preoperative evaluation, sound surgical technique, and careful follow-up care. Good patient rapport and effective communication with patients are invaluable. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
Table of Contents Introduction Exacerbation of Existing Concerns Optimization and Job Loss Big Data and Information Asymmetry Data Analysis and Discrimination Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Artificial intelligence is currently at the forefront of humanity’s technological development. Having emerged from a combination of big data and neural network algorithms, it can be applied for a variety of purposes, including personal convenience, data analysis, robotics, and other applications. As a result, the information technology industry is undergoing a transformation that is sometimes known as the fourth industrial revolution. Information is becoming more valuable because data can be analyzed to derive conclusions that would be unavailable previously. The new possibilities include a significant improvement in the efficiency of many industries, but not all implications of the emergence of artificial intelligence are positive. The changes it is likely to cause in society may not necessarily be entirely positive, with increased inequality being the primary concern. Exacerbation of Existing Concerns Artificial intelligence can be used to make a person’s life more convenient in a variety of ways. It may improve the optimization of his or her schedule, allow him or her to do specific activities quicker and easier, and generally assist with a variety of matters. More large-scale applications of the technology, such as smart homes and cities, can help entire communities. While desirable on the surface, the advancement contains a caveat in that it is usually only available to a small section of the population. People who can afford the change benefit while less affluent sectors of the community are left behind, fostering further inequality and societal division. The tendency of wealth to be concentrated in particular areas contributes to the possibility, as the improvements are unlikely to affect many disadvantaged communities as a side effect. Considerable disparity already exists between most urban and suburban environments, with the former concentrating many high-paying jobs, particularly in the IT industry. As such, large cities, and especially their wealthy central districts, will benefit from new technologies. However, suburbs that contain disadvantaged minorities or rural areas that house low- and middle-class citizens will not see much change, and the distance will continue increasing with time. The consequent difference in living conditions will make socioeconomic background differences more pronounced, leading to a disparity in opportunities. Wealthy people who live comfortably would improve their living standards further, and disadvantaged parts of society would struggle to move up. Social mobility may suffer as a result, leading to social stagnation and division based on class and location. Optimization and Job Loss Increased automation is one of the applications of artificial intelligence as it may learn to perform jobs that are traditionally relegated to humans with the same or superior efficiency. While such a change may mean improved costs or results for companies that employ AI methods, it also suggests that the jobs in question would stop existing, leaving people without a place to work and lowering wages (Berg 12). Anderson et al. note that the possibility is one of the primary concerns of many IT experts regarding the future of humanity. Unemployment due to increased automation is already a source of anxiety in some industries, and artificial intelligence may complicate the issue. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The advancement of technology should create new jobs, as well. Experts with new varieties of knowledge will become necessary to improve AI algorithms and oversee their learning. Furthermore, the expanding infrastructure will demand higher maintenance costs and require the hiring of additional technicians. However, it is unlikely that the number of jobs that are generated this way will match the losses caused by artificial intelligence. Furthermore, as Davis notes, the people who lose their workplaces may find it challenging to advance to the new demands (114). Ultimately, many of them will likely have nowhere to go and become permanently unemployed, thus becoming a negative influence on society. The situation will lead to increased inequality that can affect anyone and create a foundation for negative sentiments. The people affected by the layoffs may follow the example of their peers from the first industrial revolution and assume an anti-technology stance. It may be expressed in a variety of ways, from peaceful attempts to attract attention to the issue to violent and criminal activities. Furthermore, the increased mobility of information that is afforded by the Internet makes it easier for such people to coordinate and spread their message throughout society. It is essential to attempt to address the issue before it becomes prominent and causes marginalization or radicalization of previously peaceful people. It should be noted that the prevailing view on the issue represents a somewhat extreme scenario. Boyd and Holton indicate that a range of possibilities exists between the dystopian and utopian options, and it is likely that the situation will follow one of them (343). Job loss is likely inevitable, but as long as industries and technologies keep evolving, new possibilities should arise, particularly for educated workers whose posts are now threatened by artificial intelligence. The optimal solution will likely be reached through democratic discourse, which involves acceptance of the opposing viewpoint and the search for a compromise. To that end, people should adopt rational perspectives when discussing the issue. Big Data and Information Asymmetry The knowledge that can be extracted from data samples includes personal information, leading to concerns over privacy in the age of artificial intelligence. Marr warns about such possibilities, providing China’s social credit system as an example of an approach that governs the lives of people and restricts their opportunities using an algorithm. The biggest issue here is the inequality in the availability of information between individuals and governments, or corporations. Large organizations are likely to have access to data aggregates and analysis tools that people cannot afford, giving them significant and unwarranted power over many persons. The information may be used for a variety of purposes, most of which do not benefit the targets. Marketing is one of the most prominent disciplines where artificial intelligence is causing considerable changes. Advanced algorithms can determine someone’s preferences and suggest items or services that the person is likely to buy. As noted by Marr, this technique may become manipulative when taken to its logical conclusion. It can lead people to spend money on goods they do not need for the benefit of a corporation or subtly influence his or her beliefs and opinions over time to align with some agenda. If such a method were employed, it would be difficult to discern or prove that it is taking place because algorithmic complexity and obfuscation provide deniability. The possibility would threaten many ideas that are considered fundamental to modern humanity, calling the concept of free will into question. We will write a custom Essay on Artificial Intelligence and Related Social Threats specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The knowledge could be used to other ends besides outright manipulation, skewing the dynamics of power further from the individual. Lepri et al. note that in addition to its exclusive knowledge, an algorithmically-assisted government would operate in a less transparent and accountable fashion (10). The possibility contributes to a move away from a democratic system, with power becoming concentrated around a small number of large impersonal entities that would defy scrutiny. There are many possible social implications of such a change, but few of them are positive, as such groups would not have an incentive to consider the social good. It is likely that the divide would contribute to the creation of a regressive system with different privileges for people based on their social group. Data Analysis and Discrimination The ability of artificial intelligence to analyze trends is a considerable strength of the technology. It allows companies to analyze trends and make predictions about particular societal groups, their preferences, views, and intentions. However, such analyses can lead to adverse consequences when employed in background checks or crime prevention programs. Lepri et al. provide the example of the algorithmic association of African American people with criminal neighborhoods and the consequent suspicion from the police or job application refusal (11). Such policies would constitute discrimination and contradict most, if not all, country legislation as well as human rights. Such outcomes are easy to identify when they concern racial, ethnic, and other groups that have experienced discrimination in the past, and so researchers are currently often able to identify cases of discrimination. However, the low accountability of artificial intelligence algorithms means that it may identify population categories that do not share a common trait that would be apparent to a person and discriminate against them. The enormous variety of information available on the Internet allows the collection of numerous data points that can show commonalities between unconnected people. A system where artificial intelligence is used to determine whether a person will receive particular benefits may show bias against someone for no apparent reason. It would lead to increased inequality, mainly if the algorithm were used by law enforcement or for other purposes that significantly affect people’s lives. It should be noted that artificial intelligence-driven data collection is less useful for determining specific facts about people than for general trend evaluation. According to Lawless et al., while it is possible to apply analytical methods to human behaviors, they would have limited utility (81). While this conclusion means that it is going to be challenging to gather data on specific individuals, it also creates concerns over blind trust in the power of the algorithms. As was mentioned above, their processes are often not accountable. Therefore, if a system yields an incorrect conclusion and it is believed, innocent people could suffer as a result. Conclusion The introduction of artificial intelligence into various parts of human life is associated with numerous social risks and dangers. Assuming the new technology benefits individuals, it may deepen the divide between those who can afford it and those who cannot. The new capabilities may also automate particular tasks, making some jobs obsolete and creating unemployment. It should also be noted that most artificial intelligence capabilities are concentrated in the hands of large corporations and governments, giving them considerable power over individuals. Lastly, when the complicated and unaccountable nature of many complex algorithms is taken into account, it becomes possible that they may discriminate against specific categories of people without anyone realizing it. These issues should be addressed before artificial intelligence can be fully employed in its broad range of applications. Works Cited Anderson, Janna, et al. “Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Humans.” Pew Research Center. 2018. Web. Not sure if you can write a paper on Artificial Intelligence and Related Social Threats by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Berg, Andrew, et al. “Robots, Growth, and Inequality.” Finance

Economics of Renewable Energy Analytical Essay

Economics of Renewable Energy Analytical Essay. Introduction Renewable energy is becoming more attractive to many governments and investors not only for its ability to reduce carbon emissions in the atmosphere but also because of its cost advantages (Heal, 2009). Countries involved in green energy investments would increase their novel economic activities by over fifty percent. Investing in green energy would boost the farm net income and create new job opportunities in both developed and developing economies. The mentioned benefits as well as other objectives are the reasons why departments of energy around the globe highlight on the generation of electricity from the renewable sources. Over the past centuries, no serious attention was given to the renewable energy. On the other hand, a lot of emphasis was put on the sustainable foundations of the energy structure comprising of waterpower as well as wind-propelled electricity source (Heal, 2009). Currently, a lot of emphasis is being put on these systems together with the emergence of other new sources such as solar as well as geothermal owing to the increase in population and economic activity by large magnitudes. Cost advantages of renewable energy Many countries around the globe are rediscovering the costs and benefits of investing in the green energy. Due to increased efficiency in the production of green energy, costs of installation have reduced while the benefits have increased significantly. For instance, in the recent years, several achievements have been attained in trying to reduce the costs incurred when using the vital expertise (Heal, 2009). As a result, the competitive advantages of renewable energy have increased compared with different fuel alternatives. In a bid to lessen the adverse effects posed by non-renewable sources of energy, there are increased efforts worldwide to apply renewable alternative sources of energy such as the application of low-carbon fuels that include nuclear and gas (Heal, 2009). Moreover, storing and capturing of carbon as well as use of hydroelectric power sources are important in reducing emissions besides deforestation. Due to the cost advantages that result from renewable power, there are increased investments all over the globe approximated to be over $250 billion in 2011. According to the countries contribution, over 30% of this figure is coming from the growing economies while over 68% is from the already established economies (HealEconomics of Renewable Energy Analytical Essay

MGT 425 Ashford University Week 2 Diagnosing and Improving Motivation Paper

programming assignment help MGT 425 Ashford University Week 2 Diagnosing and Improving Motivation Paper.

Week 2 – AssignmentDiagnosing and Improving MotivationReview the case study, “Diagnosing and Improving Motivation.” In a two- to three- page paper (not including title or reference pages), respond to the following:Describe the strengths and weaknesses of Jessica’s existing sales force.Describe changes to the company’s processes that would help better motivate the sales force.Feedback was identified as a significant force in the sales team’s motivation level. Explain how Jessica could have enhanced her feedback process to improve the team’s productivity and sales numbers.Describe how Jessica changed the sales force’s customer service emphasis.In the end, two team members (Marius and Jose) were promoted off of Jessica’s team. Explain how she can maintain her positive momentum with their replacement team members.
MGT 425 Ashford University Week 2 Diagnosing and Improving Motivation Paper

Climate Change Impacts On Plankton In Oceans Environmental Sciences Essay

Plankton are pelagic organisms as primary production providing food for marine mammals and commercially important fish. However, nowadays, it is widely accepted that global warming is occurring, and it is inevitable to impact on the marine pelagic realm. Any decline or increase in abundance, growth and trophic efficiency of phytoplankton and zooplankton communities will lead to decline or increase in higher tropic levels, even the entire ecosystems. The only way to reduce these effects is to reduce CO2 emissions to atmosphere. Further, the consideration of research should be including long-term changes in plankton biomass and community structure. Plankton are organisms that have limited locomotive ability relative to the water where they live. These organisms are ranging in size from viruses to large jellyfish. In tropical scale, plankton communities are highly diverse, containing organisms from almost all phyla and families. Furthermore, these organisms use their environment, its resources, and each other, in a wide variety of ways. The way to classify planktonic organisms is based on their size, which affects sinking, light utilization, mobility and tropic status. In addition, they have particular functional roles (grazers and nitrogen-fixers) in the ecosystem as well (McKinnon et al. 2007). However, nowadays, more and more marine scientists have paid attention on climate change which has strong impacts on these organisms in the ocean. For example, increased water temperature and ocean acidification have impacts on those tiny organisms in biological and physical ways (Richardson et al. 2004; Riebesell et al. 2000; Beaugrand et al. 2003; Lynam et al. 2005). The role of plankton in the ocean Phytoplankton account for approximately half the global primary production Richardson et al. 2004), and consequently play an important role in cycling of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Micro- and Macrozooplankton are the basis of food webs supporting oceanic and many coastal fisheries (Richardson et al. 2004). In addition, they are also playing an important role in linking pelagic and benthic environment (McKinnon et al. 2007). Critical factors regulating plankton communities To date, a number of studies have demonstrated that the abundance and growth of plankton are affected by several climate stressors that will respond to climate change, including water temperature, ocean chemistry, light, ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and nutrient enrichment (McKinnon et al. 2007). Although there are still having a limited understanding of how climate change will affect planktonic organisms, more studies have done that trying to find out profound meaning. Vulnerability Planktonic organisms all have short life cycles: hours to days for phytoplankton, seven to ten days for copepods, and weeks to months for macrozooplankton. This means that plankton respond quickly to changes in their physical environment. Therefore, they respond more rapidly than longer-lived animals such as fish, and mammals (McKinnon et al. 2007). Changes in water temperature All plankton are poikilothermic. A number of studies have shown that plankton growth rate, abundance, distribution, and timing of bloom are all influenced by temperature (Beaugrand et al. 2002; Edwards and Richardson 2004; Kirby et al. 2007; Richardson and Schoeman 2004). Besides, studies have shown that plankton species changes in temperature are more likely to directly affect metabolic processes rather than the whole community biomass, especially if plankton communities are resource limited. Moreover, changes in phytoplankton community composition and productivity will have flow-on effects on the productivity of zooplankton grazers (McKinnon et al. 2007). Ocean acidification and increased dissolved CO2 The direct effect of ocean acidification on zooplankton will be to dissolve their shells, increasing shell maintenance costs and reducing growth (Hallegraeff 1984). Furthermore, the declining pH may also change the growth rates of photosynthetic organisms. This means changes in pH will affect nutrient taking and thus alter rates of growth and photosynthesis (McKinnon et al. 2007). Changes may also occur in phytoplankton cell composition, which could affect their nutritional value for higher trophic levels (Richardson et al. 2004). Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) Studies have found that UVR impacts growth, mobility, and the relative dominance of many phytoplanktonic organisms (McKinnon et al. 2007). These effects compromise the ability of phytoplankton to adapt to changing environmental conditions (Hader and Hader 1989; Hader and Liu 1990). They also result in changes in cellular elemental stoichometry including increased cellular carbon content and decreased chlorophyll content (Hessen et al 1997). Further, in large-scale, UVR can cause changes in phytoplankton community structure because small cells are more prone to effects of UVR than large cells, and have comparatively high metabolic costs to screen out damaging UVR (Raven and Gilmartin 1982). Consequently, these negative effects of such changing can propagate to zooplankton (Keller et al. 1997). Linkages with other ecosystem components Some studies have shown that any decline or increase in abundance, growth and trophic efficiency of phytoplankton and zooplankton communities that is influenced by climate change is likely to lead to the decline or increase in higher trophic levels (Hunter 1981; Richardson et al. 2004; McKinnon et al. 2007). For example, fish larvae feed on plankton, and variations in the timing and extent of plankton reproduction could influence patterns of recruitment of fishes and invertebrates (Hunter 1981; Lynam et al. 2005). Management strategies The large-scale oceanographic, weather and climate processes are driving climate change impacting on plankton. Furthermore, due to the enhanced levels of CO2 in the atmosphere and rates of fossil burning, the process of ocean acidification is deterioration inevitable over next several centuries. To re-equilibrate the pH is not practical, and this will take a long time for ocean chemistry to return to a condition before industrial times. The only way to reduce these effects is to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. Conclusion The lack of information on the state of specific regions of plankton communities currently hinders biologists from being able to address the impacts of climate changes on those areas. Therefore, in the future, the consideration should be given to the inclusion of more plankton monitoring sites in that specific region to track long-term changes in plankton biomass and community structure, particularly for those few organisms that are at risk from ocean acidification.

Introduction to the Artist’s Journey Paper

Introduction to the Artist’s Journey Paper. I need help with a Art & Design question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

Instructions The Artist’s Journey is a narrative retelling of your life as an artist. This essay should not be a list of every event in your life; it should only focus on the events that fostered your development as an artist. It should be written in the first person (using “I”). You must describe important events and experiences that made you want to be an artist. You must also explain what you have learned that has affected your artistic endeavors.
Your Artist’s Journey essay should include all of the following narrative elements:
an engaging beginning, a middle, and an end analysis of the key events that caused you to focus on a particular art genre or major and led you to become an artist sufficient sensory detail to engage the reader and to “show” rather than “tell” your story details about the social or cultural environment (setting) influencing your decisions Your essay should be 750–1250 words.Your instructor may give you a more specific length requirement.
Include your name, course number and section, the date, your instructor’s name, and a title at the top of your essay.
Use one of the following fonts: Arial, Times New Roman, Courier, or Verdana. The size of the font should be 12 point.
Introduction to the Artist’s Journey Paper